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Compliments o/ 

Geivaral Missioiv Board 

Elgin. Illinois 

Bridgewater College Library 
Bridgewater, Va. 


Church of the Drei'hren 



Vol. XXX 

January, 1928 

No. 1 



Miss F. R. Havergal 

O TANDING at the portal 
^J Of the opening year, 

Words of comfort meet us, 

Hushing every fear; 
Spoken through the silence 

By our Father's voice, 
Tender, strong and faithful, 

Making us rejoice: 

For the year before us, 

Oh, what rich supplies! 
For the poor and needy 

Living streams shall rise; 
For the sad and sinful 

Shall his grace abound; 
For the faint and feeble 

Perfect strength be found. 

" I, the Lord, am with thee- 

Be thou not afraid; 
I will help and strengthen — 

Be thou not dismayed. 
Yea, I will uphold thee 

With my own right hand; 
Thou art called and chosen 

In my sight to stand." 

He will never fail us, 

He will not forsake; 
His eternal covenant 

He will never break; 
Resting on his promises 

What have we to fear? 
God is all-sufficient 

For the coming year. 







<MMO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind., 

A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa, 1916-1929. 

U. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa., 1923-1932. 

J. B. EMMERT, La Verne, Calif., 1924-1931. 

LEVI GARST, Salem, Va., R. R. 1, 1925-1930. 


OTHO WINGER, President, 1912-1928. 

A. P. BLOUGH, Vice President, 1916-1929. 

CHARLES D. BONSACK, General Secretary, 
1921. * 

H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor, 1918. 

If. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary, 1919. 

CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer, 1920. 

UTote. — The bold type date indicates the year when Board Members were first elected, the 
o*%r date the year when Board Members' terms expire. 

* Although Bro. Bonsack was not elected secretary until 1921 he has been connected with 
t*e Board since 1906. 

AH correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, 111. 


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Suggestions to Leaders, 15 

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Elgin, Illinois 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXX 

JANUARY, 1928 

No. 1 



Beauty of the New Year 1 

Missions Prove Non-Materialism of the West .. 1 
The General Mission Board Meeting 2 

Contributed Articles 

At the Portal (Poem), Miss F. R. Havergal 

Front Cover 

Too Poor to Accept Salvation, I. W. Moomaw .. 3 

The Story of Lakhali, J. M. Blough 5 

Making Friends with Moslems, Anna B. Mow . . 6 
The Anklesvar School of Practical Arts, Beulah 

M. Woods 7 

A Boys' Boarding School, Anna E. Lichty 10 

Educating the Children of Missionaries, Mary 

D. Blickenstaff 11 

Our Little Perseverer, Ida C. Shumaker 12 

Notes From Our Fields 15 

Flower- Jewel, Olive Widdowson 17 

Mission Study for 1928, H. Spenser Minnich 23 

The Share Plan 18 

The Workers' Corner 

Missionary News 21 

The Question Box 24 

The Women's Department 

Our Best for Our Cause, Sadie J. Miller 25 

The Junior Missionary 

By the Evening Lamp 27 

Financial Report 29 



Woe to him who smiles not over a cradle, 
and weeps not over a tomb. He who has 
never tried the companionship of a little 
child has carelessly passed by one of the 
greatest pleasures of life, as one passes a 
rare flower without plucking it or knowing 
its value. The gleeful laugh of happy chil- 
dren is the best home music, and the grace- 
ful figures of childhood are the best statu- 
ary. We are all kings and queens in the 
cradle, and each babe is a new marvel, a 
new miracle. 

The new year is like a little babe. It is 
full of possibility, opportunity, and has a 
character to be developed. It is like unto a 
grain of mustard seed, very small in its be- 

ginnings but its fruitage may be large and 
strong. Man has been endowed with a unique 
faculty of leaving off the failures of the 
past and pressing on toward the future with 
a trust that he can build better. This is a 
daily occurrence, but especially as we enter 
a new year we hope for a better output of 
service. First, we think of God and his 
righteousness, then we confess our short- 
comings, and finally we pledge to do the 
best we can by God's help. These three steps 
may be called worship. We unconsciously 
perform these three stages when w'e pray. 


That " the missionary stands as the one 
uniformly unselfish contact between the 
white and the non-white worlds," was the 
opinion expressed by Stanley High, who has 
just returned from a year's trip through mis- 
sion fields. " The Missionary," said Mr. 
High, " is the incarnation of the fact that 
there is more in western civilization than 
material interests and that the Occident has 
not rejected the program of world helpful- 
ness and redemption laid down by Jesus 

" In Africa it is not within our power to 
determine whether or not the African na- 
tive will be educated. His education will go 
on despite all that Christians may do or 
fail to do. His school system is constructed 
out of every contact with the white man. 
We can close down mission schools in the 
mining territories, but brothels and saloons 
will stay open and in them the native will 
be educated. We can shut churches for lack 
of support, but those who come to exploit 
and to teach, by their example, the gospel 
of greed will not be driven out. The con- 
tinent of Africa is teeming with millions of 
Africans who have set their feet on a road 

©9 7-5 

The Missionary Visitor 


toward civilization — of some sort. We can- 
not stop them. We can only determine what 
sort of a civilization theirs will be — pagan, 
or modeled after the ideals of Jesus. 

India's Civilization Overrated 

" Africa is a continent that, exclusive of 
Egypt, is without a civilization. Our Chris- 
tian task is to make a Christian civilization. 
India is also a continent — but with a very 
ancient civilization and very ancient reli- 
gions. In my opinion no civilization in 
modern times has been so greatly overrated 
as that of India. Considered in the light of 
its claims and of the hopelessness of its peo- 
ple, Indian civilization and Indian 'religions 
are more colossal failures than any other 
with which we are familiar. And among no 
people is there greater need than among 
the people of India for the panacea repre- 
sented by Jesus Christ. 

" On the day when we brought Jesus into 
India's bazaars and overcrowded streets we 
began a revolution in that land. Involved in 
his message is the destruction of the ancient 
social structure of Hinduism and the sub- 
stitution, for it, of a structure of interhuman 
helpfulness. Many high-caste Hindus, nur- 
tured in indifference, resent this Christian 
intrusion upon their age-long quiet. But the 
masses of the people of that land have recog- 
nized, in the Christian missionary, a min- 
istry of the sort which Hinduism, through 
the centuries, has been impotent to pro- 


In 1925 the Institute of Social and Reli- 
gious Research published the "World Mis- 
sionary Atlas." 

This volume tells the story of Prot- 
estant missions throughout the world. Here 
is the latest and fullest mission presentation 
available. The pages are large, numbering 
252, the tables and maps many. The Atlas 
originally sold for ten dollars, which price did 
not begin to cover its cost. The publishers 
recently announced that they would close 
out the edition at the special price of one 
dollar and seventy-five cents. The Gish Fund 
Committee, believing that at least some of 
our active ministers would appreciate this 
Atlas, has ordered fifty copies. Ministers 
who desire a copy may secure it from the 

Brethren Publishing House at the special 
price of one dollar until the fifty copies are 
all taken. — J. E. Miller, Secretary Gish Fund 
Committee, Elgin, 111. 

General Mission Board Meeting 

The regular winter meeting of the General 
Mission Board was held in Elgin Dec. 14 
and 15. AH members of the Board were 
present, namely, Otho Winger, chairman; A. 
P. Blough, vice chairman ; H. H. Nye, Levi 
Garst, and J. B. Emmert. Missionaries pres- 
ent were Emma Horning, J. Homer Bright 
and wife, and Winnie Cripe from China ; 
Chalmer Shull, Fred Hollenberg, and J. E. 
Wagoner from India; Clarence Heckman 
and wife from Africa. 

The Board regretted very much that on 
account of illness Bro. Adam Ebey may not 
be able to return to India this January as 
he had contemplated. 

At the 1927 Conference at Hershey, Pa., 
the Tract Examining Committee, appointed 
by Conference, was discontinued and the 
work of tracts was turned over to the Gen- 
eral Mission Board. A committee appointed 
by the Board at a previous meeting made a 
report looking toward the enlargement of our 
tract activities. The committee contemplates 
making a complete survey as to the suit- 
ability of the tracts now in print and the 
developing of other tracts which may be 
needed for present-day conditions. The 
Board will be glad to receive suggestions for 
the strengthening of our tract work. 

A missionary and his wife were appointed 
to go to Sweden in 1928. Another good 
brother and his wife, whose application for 
foreign service was before us, was not ap- 
pointed, for lack of funds to send them to 
the field. 

The Gish Committee, which makes the se- 
lection of books to be furnished to ministers 
at reduced rates, was reelected as follows : 
J. W. Lear and Edward Frantz, their pe- 
riods to expire in 1929 and 1930 respectively; 
Bro. J. E. Miller, the third member of the 
Committee, continues until the end of 1928. 

A few years ago the Board planned to co- 
operate with the Shantung University in 
China by placing one of our members on the 
staff of the school. Bro. M. L. Cassady was 

(Continued on Page 13) 


The Missionary Visitor 

Too Poor to Accept Salvation 

Indian Agriculture and the Word of God 


GOD has always shown a marked de- 
sire for bringing his Word to the 
people of the open country. Early 
in the beginning, when he thought it wise to 
clear the face of the earth by flood, he 
chose Noah to save just enough live stock 
to set himself up as a farmer. Later, the 
coming of the Son of God was first made 
known to shepherds who " watched their 
flock by night." Again, as Jesus preached 
to the farmers and tradesmen of Galilee he 
spoke freely to them about the soil, and il- 
lustrated his sermons with events taken from 
rural life. 

The very nature of the farmer's occupation 
tends to make him sincere, open-minded and 
capable of accepting new truth, whereas, the 
conceit of ancient learning and high birth 
have often made it difficult for men to ac- 
cept the Word of God. Jesus evidently had 
this in mind when he prayed, " I thank thee, 
O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that 
thou hast concealed these things from the 
wise and hast revealed them unto babes." 
This, too, may explain in part why our early 
missionaries to India first addressed them- 
selves to the task of bringing the Gospel 
to the people of the open country. 

India is capable of great agricultural de- 
velopment. She has the people and the 
land. Gr*eat areas are uncultivated and still 
larger areas are unimproved. Her people are 
peculiarly adapted to farming. Being frugal, 
patient and enduring, they are able to make 
the most of small means. Yet the pathetic 
state of the Indian cultivator is well known, 
and to see the poverty and pain that come 
to the rural people is almost enough to break 
a man's heart. 

Perhaps the first thing that I ever learned 
about salvation was that it was free. In 
fact, we used to sing " Salvation is free." 
But here we meet hundreds of good neigh- 
bors who are too poor even to accept sal- 
vation that is free. They would keep the 
Sabbath and attend to spiritual affairs, but 
they are bound down by a system of agri- 
cultural serfdom which seeks to bleed from 
their life all that is beautiful and worth- 
while. There are children in great numbers, 
but they, too, are too poor to go to school, 
even though it is free. Among the large 
class of farm laborers one is impressed by 
a sad lack of almost every useful commodity. 
Only human life is here in abundance. 

What kind of a religion, then, can suc- 

School boys learning the secrets of the soil 

The Missionary Visitor 


ceed in such an economy? What kind of a 
religion deserves to succeed? If any re- 
ligion is to touch the large rural centers of 
India deeply in a moral or spiritual way, it 
will probably be the religion whose members 
by reason of their higher spiritual capacity 
will be able to keep better live stock, raise 
better crops, maintain happier hqmes and 
healthier children. 

Whether or not a man has a soul that is 
highly specialized, he at least has a body to 
care for. This body, given by God, may, un- 
der proper treatment, become the temple of 
his Spirit. We preach about eternal life. 
Just what can that mean to a man whose 
life on this side is yielding him little, save 
oppression, abuse and pain? We like to 
think of heaven as a home. But what can 
that mean to a man who lives his life and 
dies without ever feeling the security or com- 
fort of a simple home? So missionaries have 
often observed that the surest approach to 
a poor man's soul may be through minister- 
ing to his material and social needs. 

The agricultural problem of India is a 
large one. And the approach is not clearly 
understood, save by an occasional winter 
tourist. With one voice critics cry out 
against the " wooden stick," referring to the 
farmer's poor plow. But men of experience 
are not half so concerned about the " wood- 
en stick " as they are about a certain set of 
circumstances which make it nearly impos- 
sible for the farmer to use anything else at 
present. Those who would lend a hand to 
Indian agriculture and to the rural church 
will need to walk in the furrow with the 
farmer himself. In fact, they will learn a 
number of things from him. 

In one or two small laboratories research 
has begun its work. During the past two 
decades the government has been making 
sincere efforts in the way of seed selection, 
live-stock breeding and soil fertility. Yet 
because of caste conflict and illiteracy many 
a sincere effort falls short of its goal and 
the men who suffer most are seldom reached. 
Government Cooperative Credit Banks are 
doing much for men of moderate capital. 
But the little fellow who often needs credit 
most is usually ruled out. Means of trans- 
portation and marketing have advanced to a 
point .where famines as extensive as those 
pf the past century will probably not recur. 

Our mission has expressed its interest in 
agriculture largely through schools. From 
the very beginning, even when work and 
" learning " were not good companions, our 
mission held to its policy of a small work- 
shop and a garden for each boarding school. 
In Bulsar, due to the lack of land, carpentry 
and tailoring have been stressed more than 
agriculture, although the boys there have 
always had a good school garden. In the 
Vyara school the boys all come from the 
surrounding district. So it is exceedingly 
fitting that they receive training in agricul- 
ture along with their common-school course. 
Vali, and Vyara, are sent to Anklesvar, 
best farm land of western India, and the 
school there has always raised good crops. 

According to our present plan all the boys 
who complete the sixth standard in Bulsar, 
Vali, and Vyara, are sent to Anklesvar, 
where they may continue their school work 
under an agricultural environment. This year 
at Anklesvar a small beginning has been 
made in blacksmithing and poultry husband- 
ry. Also a Farm Boys' Cooperative Bank 
has been in operation since January, 1927. 
It is a small concern ; deposits range from 
four cents to about four dollars and shares 
sell for eight cents each. But the boys trans- 
act their small business in the same manner 
as the larger Government Cooperative Banks, 
and it is hoped that after several years of 
such experience they will be able to carry 
the blessings of cooperative credit back to 
their own people. 

While our mission as a rule has had some 
attractive gardens, the boys have usually con- 
sidered farming a good thing — to stay away 
from. This is not because they dislike work, 
but rather because they can see no oppor- 
tunity in farming. They do not know the 
possibilities of farming as a religious and 
patriotic obligation, even though the returns 
may not be great during their day. In India, 
one of the greatest agricultural countries on 
earth, agriculture is not taught in the public 
schools. Only during the past three years 
several small" agriculture classes have been 
opened and are now struggling along handi- 
capped by the lack of trained teachers and 
local support. This year for the first time 
agriculture is being used as a subject in our 
mission schools at Vyara and at Anklesvar. 

(Continued on Page 14) 


The Missionary Visitor 

The Story of Lakhali 


Three Christians in the Lakhali church 

LAKHALI is a village nine miles south- 
east of Vyara, located in a beautiful 
plain just beyond a low ridge of hills. 
I first heard of Lakhali from the boys in our 
boarding school, as three brothers in the 
school called it their home. We became in- 
terested in their community, especially so 
because the oldest one prayed so earnestly 
that Christian work might be started in his 
home village. Until then there was no mis- 
sion work done there except occasional visits 
from some Christian teacher. At vacation 
time these boys would go home and then 
come back and tell how the oldest brother 
would preach to his people, and how some of 
the village folks would talk ugly to them 
and reprimand them for attending a Chris- 
tian school. Even the stepfather in the home 
was opposed to their coming to our school, 
yet they came regularly, and all became 
Christians at Vyara. 

During 1924 one of our teachers in a neigh- 
boring village made frequent visits to this 
village and did some effective personal work, 

with the result that at the end of the year 
the headman of Lakhali and a neighbor be- 
came Christians. This increased our interest, 
and so early in 1925 we moved our tent 
there and spent a week among the people, 
holding day and right meetings and visit- 
ing in their homes. While we were there it 
was arranged to have baptism, to show the 
people the ordinance by which persons are 
received into the Christian church. Those 
who were baptized were brought there from 
a neighboring village where we had camped 
just before. 

By this time sufficient interest had been 
created for the village to ask for a Chris- 
tian school, as there was no school anywhere 
near. In looking around for a suitable man 
for that place we decided to send the oldest 
one of the three brothers whose home was 
there. He was a teacher now and married, 
too, and a very earnest evangelist. It was 
also his great wish and prayer to be sent 
back to work in his own home town, that 
he might lead his own people to Christ. They 
had opposed him and ridiculed him, but he 
longed for the chance to teach them about 
our Lord. In March, 1926, Manilal Maiji, 
the lame teacher, who walks with a crutch, 
moved back to his home village to become 
their teacher and leader in righteousness. 
The people built him a small house, suitable 
for a school, in the front yard of a kind 
villager. And the teacher went to work. 

In a short time he worked up a fine day 
school, and in addition, a night school also, 
in which adults were taught religion especi- 
ally. The little schoolroom was crowded and 
the teacher was happy and busy. He taught 
the people to observe Sunday (which is not 
easy to do), and so started Sunday-school 
and Sunday services. The supervisor re- 
ported that the work was running nicely 
and the teacher urged us to come for an- 
other camp. He said there were a number of 
people getting ready for baptism, and we 
encouraged him to teach them well, so they 
would fully understand before they were 

With eager hearts and earnest prayers we 
pitched our tent there in January, 1927, for 

The Missionary Visitor 


the second time. We received a hearty wel- 
come. We had good helpers with us and we 
had splendid meetings. The school-children 
had learned to sing Christian songs, so that 
was a great asset in the meetings. Music 
and singing are indispensable in evangelistic 
services. The school-children went with us 
night after night to all the meetings, even 
in other villages near by. They were a happy 
lot, glad that they could help in the work of 
the Lord. Enthusiasm ran high. 

The day for baptism was set and the candi- 
dates began to arrive and their examination 
began. As they were accepted their names 
were written down. Fifteen, twenty, and still 
they came. Men and women, boys and girls, 
until finally thirty were accepted who had 
been taught by this lame teacher. We 
praised the Lord. Seldom have we had great- 
er joy than when we baptized those fine peo- 

ple in the presence of their heathen neigh- 
bors. And think of it ! The teacher's own 
mother and his wife's mother were among 
the baptized. The love feast that evening 
was a feast of love and joy indeed. 

The accompanying picture shows three sis- 
ters who are Christians as well as their 
husbands. The eldest two and their hus- 
bands were baptized that day. The youngest 
was educated in the Girls' Boarding School 
at Vyara, and has since been married to the 
lame teacher's younger brother, and now 
they are also living at home, and he is con- 
ducting a night school in another village 
close by. And so the work of the Lord goes 
forward. Pray for the young church at 
Lakhali, especially for the five men who have 
been set apart as leaders to manage the 

Vyara, via Surat, India. 

Making Friends with Moslems 


IN order to win Mohammedans our first 
work is making friends. Among Miss 
Miller's girls there are three children 
from a wealthy Mohammedan family, living 
near the mission compound. Their daughter, 
Mehri, wanted some one to help her in her 
English. She is fifteen years old. So, soon 
after we came to Jalalpor, last fall, Miss 
Eliza took me over to call on them, and I 
offered my services. 

Each school day Mehri came over to our 
house for English. At first she read from 
her Third Reader. After that we used the 
first book of Clayton's " Graded Sunday 
School Lessons." The lessons on God's care 
are especially appropriate for Moslems. 
Mehri had not been taught to despise Je- 
sus, so when we came to the stories about 
him Mehri was much pleased. One day she 
said, " If Jesus should come to Jalalpor we 
would all love him!" For that we pray. 

Many Mohammedans heard that I was 
teaching Mehri, and they stopped me on the 
road and asked me to call on them. Others 
called at the bungalow first. Some friends 
from Surat and Bombay visited these Mo- 
hammedans, and while visiting they heard 
about us and then came to see us. One 

day twenty-eight came in to call on us. 
When we go to their homes they always 
offer us food and we must eat something. 
That morning I had nothing ready to serve 
except raisins which kind California friends 
supply us with each year, so I offered them 
raisins " from America," and they were de- 
lighted with them. Even American raisins 
can help to make friends. 

But Lois and Joseph, our children, aged 
three and one, are the best introducers we 
have. India loves children, and we almost 
never take them out without having people 
stop to talk to us. 

Bro. Mow goes into the shops, and there 
has made friends with many men. In fact, 
it seems that all we need to do is to be 
accessible and the Mohammedans are willing 
to lead out in the first steps of friendship. 
Near by is a dargah, or tomb, of a great 
Moslem " saint " and missionary of centuries 
ago. Many people come there to meditate. 
They welcome the white man also when he 
stops in. 

Manekbai is my Bible woman. Almost 
daily she has been going out, making friends 
with many of the poor people, and some of 
these have already called on us. 

(Continued on Page 20) 


The Missionary Visitor 

The Anklesvar School of Practical Arts 


THREE years ago this month (Janu- 
ary, 1925) there appeared an article 
by Elsie Shickel in the Missionary 
Visitor, entitled " Educating Girls in India." 
She told the origin of and the plans for the 
school which is the subject of this sketch. 
At the^time that was written the school had 
been going on only a few months, but now 
the first class has finished the two-year 
course and its members are at work and 
another group is being trained. So it can 
be properly called a " going institution " 
and its work and some few results may be 

In some readers' minds there may be the 
question, " Why do they call this a new 
school? I thought there had been a girls' 
boarding school at Anklesvar for years." 
The boarding school which takes girls 
through the elementary school course is 
going on at Anklesvar, but the school of 
practical arts is as distinct an institution as 
a high school. However, it is a very different 
advanced school, and does not aim at col- 
lege entrance, but has a course designed to 
fit the girls for the life they will have to lead 
and for some form of Christian service. 

Up to a few months ago there was no 
special place for the practical arts classes. 
The elementary school is overflowing with 
its own work. The practical arts classes met 
in the house, on verandas, or any place 
where they could find room. True, a build- 
ing for this school has been planned a long 
time, but it was not thought wise to use 
money for this in the time of such financial 
shortage. It happened that in the spring 
the Moomaw family moved out of the second 
bungalow, which is located on the compound 
of the girls' school, and so this bungalow was 
temporarily turned into a practical arts 
school building. The large main room is 
used for chapel, study hall, library, and a 
place for smaller meetings; the back veranda 
and kitchen constitute a workshop, where 
various sorts of handwork are done ; and 
the other rooms are classrooms and offices. 
We agree with the man who said, "Johns 
Hopkins on one end of a log and a student 
on the other constitute a university," in 

that there are many more important things 
than buildings in any school, but anyone who 
would try sitting out on a log one class 
period during an Indian monsoon season 
would decide that a place to house the 
school is important, after all. Our present 
arrangement is only temporary, and when 
this bungalow shall be again needed for 
missionaries, we will require a school build- 
ing, which we want to be ss Indian as pos- 
sible, and on which the girls themselves will 
do a good deal of the labor. 

There are some schools in Gujarat — run 
by other missions and by government — 
which have trained many of our teachers. 
However, we realize that not all the girls 
who need further training ought to be teach- 
ers, and that even those who will teach in 
our boarding schools and village schools 
need something besides the normal training 
which they get in these training schools. We 
feel that they need to have their own char- 
acters developed, not only for themselves, 
but so they will be able by training and ex- 
ample, to bring up the children under them 
" in the nurture and admonition of the 
Lord," and not only to teach them " readin', 
'ritin' and 'rithmetic." We believe that in 
these formative years a study of the Bible, 
with special emphasis on thinking and ap- 
plying, rather than memory, will be of life- 
long help to them. We know that the girls 
who teach in our boarding school do so only 
for a few years till they are married, and 
that those who teach in village schools 
usually do so as assistants to their husbands 
who have charge of the school and the 
Christian work of the village. Therefore, in 
any case, the girl's chief life work is that 
of model wife and mother to the community 
round about. What a challenge to the Chris- 
tian girls of India ! The sad thing is that 
many who have been trained according to 
the government routine find themselves un- 
able to meet such a challenge, or have been 
educated in an atmosphere where labor and 
homely tasks are considered too low for the 
educated person to " soil " his or her hands 

It is on this matter of the dignity of labor 

The Missionary Visitor 



' "Ill 

: ; - -> _ •;. ;; 



The girls carried away the dirt when the foundation was dug for the new boarding school 

that a great deal of our course is built, and 
it is on this point that we often meet severe 
criticism and opposition. Some of the par- 
ents, who theoretically desire that their 
children be of service and know how to work 
and keep their homes and families healthy 
and happy, object to the practical working 
out of the desired end. It hurts their so 
called "honor" to see their children build- 
ing walks, whitewashing walls and doing 
other things which they consider are the 
proper things for coolies and laborers to 
do, but beneath their dignity. One mother 
complained that she sent her daughter away 
to school, but that she had to spend most of 
her time on housekeeping there. She evi- 
dently referred to the cooking, sewing, 
household sanitation and such courses which 
we try to teach according to the principle 
that one learns to do by doing and not by 
what he reads out of a textbook or may 
have written in his notebook. However, we 
remember that Hampton Institute had this 
very same problem and opposition to meet 
but, being in the right, they persevered and 
accomplished great things for the people of 
the South. It is cheering, though, to notice 
that the girls cooperate with a will in such 
a scheme, and after they are really in the 
work they see its advantages and believe in 
it. Limitation of space and the reader's 
patience prevent the enumerating of all sub- 
jects which revolve around actual doing of 
wcrk, and but a few can be mentioned. 

Household management and accounts, along 
with food and cooking studies and household 
sanitation, give excellent opportunities for 
real doing, since the girls live in family 
groups, have a certain amount of money to 
spend (a part of which they have to earn), 
and are required to give account of that. A 
store which the girls run, not only for their 
own members but for the elementary-school 
girls, gives an arithmetic training such as 
they never received in the grades. The ones 
responsible know that if the accounts do not 
balance, it is up to them to find the mistake 
or to pay the deficit. The grade they get in 
their ethics course is determined fully as 
much by their conduct and attitudes through- 
out the year as by the strictly class-room 
work. The work in Sunday-school teacher 
training, story-telling, child study, etc., is 
supplemented by their work as teachers and 
officers, especially in the primary department 
of the Sunday-school and by being in charge 
of. the various Sunday afternoon meetings. 
The education classes get their observation 
and practice teaching, under supervision, in 
the elementary school which is on the 
ground. In many ways these two schools are 
mutually helpful to each other. When a 
cottage for the boarding school was being 
built, the girls carried away the dirt as men 
dug for the foundation, and later they car- 
ried bricks and made floors. The practical 
arts girls made bulletin boards for the 
grade rooms by covering frames made by 


The Missionary Visitor 

the boys of the vocational training school ; 
they painted blackboards, oiled woodwork, 
whitewashed walls, selected and helped to 
frame pictures for the school, and are now 
knitting mats to sit on in school. (Our 
school is not cumbered with desks or chairs, 
for all arrange themselves in the true Indian 
fashion, sitting on the floor.) The girls take 
care of the building, arrange flowers, open 
the doors in the morning and lock them at 
night. I am sure it would cheer the hearts 
of many of our rural people in America to 
see the girls raising cotton and working 
their garden plots. They are responsible for 
the cost of their gardens, and whatever 
profit there is may be taken by them, either 
in vegetables or money, thus contributing 
to their living and to their enthusiasm in the 

There are English classes for those whose 
work is satisfactory in other subjects and 
who desire it. Some are realizing what a 
vast fund of material there is in English in 
the subjects they are interested in, and are 
trying to learn it so as to be able to make 
use of these books and magazines. Of 
course, these English classes are taught by 
the missionaries, for we feel that it is essen- 
tial that they get their English from one 
who speaks it as her native tongue. 

We realize the truth of the adage that 
"all work and no play makes Jack a dull 
boy," only we would alter it to "All work 
and no play makes Shanti an old woman 
before her time." We have courses in plays 
and games, music, appreciation of art (with 
emphasis on the Indian phases of all of 
these). W f hile they play and enjoy them- 
selves they are getting a distinct and val- 
uable type of education. 

At various times groups of the girls go out 
into villages at the time that evangelistic 
efforts are being made there. Two aims are 
realized by this. The girls are becoming 
better acquainted with village life, and thus 
being fitted to go back there to work and 
live. Incidentally they often teach or set 
an example as well as learn. Of course the 
girls carried the water from the village well 
for their own work, and the village women 
expressed surprise, tinctured with admira- 
tion, that " educated women " would do such 
" Jow " work as water carrying. They show 

that work is compatible with education and 
true dignity. The second thing that this 
going to the village does is to furnish practi- 
cal work in evangelization. They realize that 
presenting Christ to the people is their busi- 
ness as well as the missionaries'. Especially 
they sing and give programs at the times 
of meeting and do personal work in the 
homes. The missionaries who do the regular 
evangelistic work w r ould bring in situations 
they met to discuss with the girls. Thus it 
brings their mission study work close home, 
to supplement the world-wide study they 
get in class. 

Several months ago the first group com- 
pleted their two years' work, and it is in- 
teresting to note the large place they are 
already filling in the mission. Two are teach- 
ers of regular standards (grades) in the ele- 
mentary school here, and another is the 
special sewing teacher. They are helping to 
get the practical arts spirit spread into the 
grades, the students, and the other teachers. 
The sewing teacher likes to use her spare 
time in making dresses for the children in 
the Baby Home. One is married to a Vyara 
boy and she is teaching in the Vyara Girls' 
Boarding School. Another is married to a 
young man who is the mission worker in a 
hill village, and she has a big opportunity for 
Christian service there. Just at present she 
and her husband are attending the Bible 
School at Bulsar. Another is assisting Miss 
Shickel in the industrial work, and one of the 
above, who is now teaching in the grades, 
is being prepared to take over some of the 
practical arts courses next year when Miss 
Shickel has to go home on furlough. 

It will be apparent to those familiar with 
educational work that a job of this kind, 
carried on according to the " doing method," 
is a much harder job, and one requiring 
much more supervision, than the method of 
allowing pupils to listen to sermonlike teach- 
ing and to memorize the words of a text- 
book, which seems to be the accepted way 
in the Orient. Getting these girls really to 
take responsibility and to think and reason 
is a job so big and so hard that we often 
"eel overwhelmed by it, epecially when it 
often works out far below our ideals, and we 
are ready to exclaim, " Must I oversee every- 
thing, from the use of periods in notebooks 
(Continued on Page 14) 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Boys' Boarding School 


SHALL we visit the Boys' Boarding 
School at Vali today? Very well, the 
bell is now ringing for chapel. Let us 
go. Then, at 9 o'clock, immediately follow- 
ing chapel, we shall visit the school. We can 
see the boarding quarters this evening. 

That was the head master who read the 
scripture and offered prayer. He has held 
this position five years in the Vali school. 
He is also a deacon in the church. 

Now, let us see the beginners' class first. 
These young teachers of the first two classes 
came to us just this year. Having received 
one year of training at the Anklesvar Mis- 
sion Training School, they are much in- 
terested in trying out the new methods they 
were taught. The project idea is carried out 
in these two classes. The children respond 
heartily and going to school is their chief 

We have about twenty-nine day pupils, 
of whom sixteen are little girls. The sixth 
standard, which corresponds to the seventh 
grade in our schools at home, is taught by 
the head master. When the boys are pro- 
moted to the seventh standard they go to 
Anklesvar where, in connection with the 
Vocational Training School, they also do 
carpentry or field work along with their 
school work. 

At the close of church service at Vali. The boarding 
school boys are in the lead 

It is three o'clock and school will be dis- 
missed. Now let us go to the boarding quar- 
ters. Here in this long line of rooms is 
where the boys live. About twelve boys are 
accommodated in each room. One of the 
larger boys serves as monitor over each 
group. The house master has general charge 
over the boys and their work, and his wife 
supervises the cooking and the mending of 
their clothes. 

Here at Vali we have fields and a large 
garden for the boys' industrial training as 
farmers. They spend three hours each even- 
ing after school in field and garden work- 
planting, cultivating or reaping. The chief 
field crops are rice, cotton, and kaffir corn. 
Fruit and vegetables are grown in their gar- 
dens by irrigation. Most of the boys come 
from farms and will return to farm work 
after they leave school. 

There is also a course in elementary car- 
pentry given to the boys of the fifth and 
sixth standards. They are divided into two 
groups and take their turns alternately, a 
week at a time. 

" At six o'clock the bell rings for the 
boys to leave their work and to prepare for 
their evening meal. At seven o'clock they 
come together for night school, which is 
simply an . hour and a half of supervised 
study in preparation of lessons for the next 
day. At eight-thirty books are put away, a 
hymn is sung, prayers offered and one hun- 
dred boys retire to their rooms for the night. 

Whence come these boys and whither are 
they bound? With few exceptions all the 
boys are of Bhil (a backward people) origin. 
About thirty are orphans. Some are of 
Christian and some of non-Christian parent- 
age. Some come from near-by villages ; 
others from remote places in the hills. 

Here at the mission, under daily religious 
instruction, all come to learn of Jesus, their 
Savior, and all accept him as such when old 
enough. The Bible is taught in the school 
a half hour each afternoon. The boys take 
great delight in conducting " gayan subbas " 
— proclaiming the Gospel in song and testi- 
mony. The beat of drum and other musical 

(Continued on Page 14) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Educating the Children of Missionaries 



# 1 


if ¥ 





Our missionaries' children who attend the Woodstock 

IF we go to India, where will our children 
go to school?" This question has been 
asked by many prospective missionaries, 
and many have found the answer in " Wood- 

Woodstock School was established seven- 
ty-five years ago by the East India Com- 
pany, that famous trading organization which 
played such an important part in Britain's 
early relations with India. In 1873 the school 
was bought by the American Presbyterian 
Mission, becoming distinctly a missionary 
enterprise. In the last few years, other 
American missions have become fully or 
partially cooperating bodies in the manage- 
ment of the school, and have supplied Amer- 
ican teachers on the staff. 

Our mission has had from five to ten chil- 
dren in attendance at Woodstock for the last 
several years, but only recently has it be- 
come a partially cooperating mission. Next 
year Miss Susan Stoner (whose picture ap- 
peared in the December Visitor) will be our 
teacher in the school. This will mean much 
to the mission, and parents will feel that 

they have some one there who can take a 
personal interest in their children. 

Woodstock School is located near Landour 
and Mussoorie in the Himalayan Mountains. 
To reach the school, there is the long jour- 
ney of two nights and a day by train, then 
a ride of fourteen miles by automobile to the 
foot of the mountains, which rise very pre- 
cipitately. The remaining eight miles are 
accomplished either on horseback or in a 
chair carried by four coolies, and the journey 
is ended in the cool, balmy air, more than 
7,000 feet above sea level. Here the school 
is situated in a beautifully-wooded estate 
which extends seemingly more up and down 
than right and left. 

There are three commodious and well- 
ventilated buildings, in two of which are 
classrooms for all students, and dormitories 
for girls and lady teachers. The third is the 
boys' hostel. In addition to accommodating 
the boys, it contains quarters for the princi- 
pal and his family, a large swimming tank, 
a manual training room and a gymnasium. 

The work given in the school extends 
from kindergarten through high school, with 
a curriculum varied to meet the needs of 
American children or those who remain in 
India or proceed to England to continue their 
education. In connection with the school, 
there is also the Teachers' Training Col- 
lege, which offers a three-year course. The 
school has a strong music department, with 
its head mistress and several assistant teach- 
ers. The orchestra is well organized and 
contributes much to the life of the school. 

The student body is made up of English- 
speaking children without discrimination as 
to race or religion. During 1927 there was a 
total of 303 in the school, of whom 212 were 
children of missionaries. Among the re- 
maining ninety-one were English children 
domiciled in India, Mohammedans, Hindus, 
and Parsis. 

One of the chief aims of the institution is 
to develop Christian character, and all pupils 
are required to attend daily prayers and 
Bible classes, and the school church on Sun- 
days. Special emphasis is placed upon re- 
ligious education, a privilege not generally 


The Missionary Visitor 


accorded to public-school children in Amer- 

Missionaries are most grateful for such a 
school in beautiful, healthful surroundings, 
where their children may be away from the 
heat of the plains. Still, the separations are 
hard to bear, and none would venture to say 
that the home life provided by the best of 
institu ions could equal tl at provided by the 
parents in Christian homes. 

Many missionary mothers spend a few 
months of each year near the school. The 
children welcome the change to a home with 
mother, and they become day pupils while 
she is there. During this time a wide-awake 
Parent Teachers' Association carries on its 
activities, which are of great benefit to all 

concerned. An annual event looked forward 
to with much pleasure by all is the school 
sale which is put on by the association. The 
proceeds of the past sales have been applied 
to manual training and playground equip- 
ment, hospital equipment, and various needs 
of school and college. 

It is hard to estimate the good and far- 
reaching influence emanating from such an 
institution as Woodstock School. Many of 
its former pupils have become missionaries 
and teachers, or have established Christian 
homes throughout the length and breadth 
of India. 

Under the blessing of God may the school 
produce still greater forces for the promo- 
tion of Christ's Kingdom in this needy land. 

Our Little Perseverer 


GO back home, I tell you! Do you 
hear? You dare NOT go to the 
Khergam Boarding School ! You 
must serve me ! What did I raise you for 
since your parents died!" So spake the uncle 
of our little Sonibai when she joined a group 
of three little girls on their way to the 
Jesus School. All her pleadings were in 
vain. She was punished severely and sent to 
her uncle's house. She knew where these 
little girls would spend the night ; under cov- 
er of darkness she stole away and came to 
the place where the teacher was caring for 
the litt'e girls in his own village home till 
they could start in the early morning for 
Khergam. Soon her uncle missed her, and 
he came for her and gave her a severe beat- 
ing and again sent her to his home. Later 
in the night she again stole away. She 
found the three little girls sound asleep. 
She lay down on the ground between them 
and fell fast asleep. In the early morning 
her uncle came with his cart, for he was to 
take these three little girls with the teacher 
to Khergam. He supposed that little Sonibai 
was sound asleep in his own house, for, 
had he not given her severe punishment ? 
He stole away as quietly as he could, so she 
would not find out he was going, lest he 
have another scene. 

When the master teacher awoke he went 

to call the three little girls, for the cart had 
ccme and it was time to be off. Imagine his 
surprise when he came and found four little 
girls instead of three ! Before he recovered 
from his surprise the fourth little girl had 
already gone to the cart and was in the 
act of climbing up when the teacher saw 
her. The cart driver was in front of the cart 
and was looking to see if the oxen were 
properly yoked, so he did not notice what 
was going on at the back of the cart. The 
teacher was shocked when he saw that the 
fourth child was the same little Sonibai. He 
knew he would not dare take her along, for 
the driver was her uncle. So he told her to 
go back home before her uncle would punish 
her again. She began to sob. Her grief was 
so great, for she had thus far suffered in 
silence, that her pent-up feelings burst forth 
in this heartrending sob. By this time the 
driver was ready to start, so he came to see 
if the girls were in the cart, and came upon 
this touching scene. Did he relent and al- 
low this heartbroken little niece of his to 
join the group of little girls going to Kher- 
gam ? Indeed, NO! Instead, he again pun- 
ished her severely and sent her home in the 

The three little girls were now in the cart 
with the teacher and the cart started on its 
way to Khergam. As they drove on and on 


The Missionary Visitor 



they came to a clearing in the forest. A dark 
object loomed up in the distance. Could it 
be a tiger? Their hearts quaked with fear 
and dread. They drove on silently and with 
a nameless terror in their hearts. As they 
neared this silent figure, now in the deep 
shadow, in the middle of the cart road, they 
were dumbfounded to find this little Sonibai. 
She had darted through the dense forest 
jungle by a short-cut route and overtook 
and then ran ahead of the cart going to 
Khergam. There she stood, with her arms 
folded across her beating heart, in this silent, 
unite, but effective attitude. This was too 
much for her uncle. His heart melted like 
wax, as she stood there, pleading in silence. 
He broke down and wept as a child, as he 
said, " Go, my child, go to the Jesus school ; 
I can no longer say thee nay!" Can you 
imagine the unbounded joy of this little 
sufferer as she quickly climbed up into the 
cart, and, with a sigh of perfect contentment 
she cuddled down with the other girls and 
fell fast asleep? She never woke up till 
the cart came into Khergam. She was soon 
settled in the boarding school and is one of 

the happiest girls there. She was baptized 
on June 11. and enters into the spirit of 
worship very beautifully. 

When vacation time came, she had the 
privilege of spending her vacation in her 
uncle's house ; but she asked that she be 
allowed to stay in the boarding school dur- 
ing vacation, for she feared if she returned 
to her uncle's house again she might not 
get back to Khergam. So she remained in 
the school. Our little Sonibai has taught us 
many lessons. She is as " good as gold," for 
that is what her name means. God continue 
to use her in his service. 
& -Jt 

(Continued from Page 2) 
the appointee. On account of present con- 
ditions in China, and the financial situation, 
this contemplated appointment has been 

The governments of China, in an attempt 
to bring the public-school system of that 
land into control of the government, have 
planned a system of registration for all 
schools. Because of the Board's desire to co- 
operate with the authorities in China in 
every way possible, without sacrificing prin- 
ciple, the Board appointed a committee to 
draw up a statement regarding our attitude 
in registering mission schools with the gov- 

The India mission presented the Board 
with a new plan for carrying on evangelistic 
work in the Gujerati area. This plan is an 
experiment by which more responsibilities 
will be placed on the shoulders of the Indian 
Christians. The Board approved the plan. 

A doctor and his wife were tentatively- 
approved for service in India, but they will 
not be ready to go for a couple of years. 

The Board approved an appropriation of 
$2,000, to be set aside for the summer pas- 
tor work during 1928. Requests from several 
needy places for loans to aid in building new 
churchhouses were declined for want of 
money in the loan fund. 

Bro. J. M. Blough, missionary to India, 
who comes on furlough this spring, was ap- 
pointed to make the missionary address at 
the missionary convocation, Oakland Con- 


The Missionary Visitor 



(Continued from Page 9) 
to the sweeping of floors in the girls' rooms?" 
However, we sincerely believe that not until 
people put their whole lives into the details 
of the business of providing a new education 
by a rational method in India, will there be 
the changes in education, character, and life 
that we are hoping for. Another thing that 
makes a great deal of extra work for us is 
that in almost no subject of our curriculum 
is there a suitable Gujarati textbook. The 
case of education will illustrate. Probably in 
this subject there are more books in the 
vernacular (Indian language) than in the 
others, but so far I have seen none that a 
modern American educator would want to 
put exclusively into the hands of his pupils 
as a textbook. The teacher has to make her 
course and then put it into Gujarati as best 
she can, and then the ordinary teacher's 
work is only begun. Afterwards comes the 
interesting but tedious part of finding out 
how it works when the girls put it into prac- 
tice. This often shows us that we must teach 
it again in a different way, for we know, " If 
it doesn't work it isn't right." Perhaps this 
explanation may answer the question, which 
seems to be in some people's minds, as to 
why we need " so many Miss Sahibs " at 
Anklesvar. True, four of us are assigned to 
work here, but when one counts out the 
furlough periods it leaves only three at any 
one time, and sometimes (as will soon hap- 
pen) for six or eight months at a stretch 
there are only two. It is to be especially re- 
membered that in addition to teaching most 
of the practical arts classes and doing the 
other work in connection with it, we also 
have the hostel (boarding school) and school 
supervision for this boarding school, which 
is the largest in the mission, and a part of 
Sadie Miller's work is village evangelism, 
which takes her away from the school work 
during the cool season. At various times we 
have had the efficient help of the " Madame 
Sahibs " — Long, Miller, and Moomaw — 
which we especially appreciated in courses 
about the home, motherhood, and the care 
of children. When he was here, Mr. Miller 
taught the girls their agriculture. The num- 
ber of pupils is not large as yet, but it takes 

as much work to prepare for a few as for 
many. From the nature of our work and the 
necessity of making our own courses, and 
the very different methods that we insist 
upon, it is evident that the heavy part of the 
load cannot, as yet, be taken by Indian 
teachers. However, we are glad for the help 
of Marthabai, who used to be head mistress 
in our elementary school. She is able to give 
part time from her other work. We also 
have great hope for the one being trained 
now. She has come up through the course 
herself and understands the aims and atti- 
tudes better than an outsider could. 

Anyone who has been diligent and long- 
suffering enough to read this far has demon- 
strated his interest in our problems. Come 
over to see us. If you don't stay long enough 
to learn the language, we can probably give 
you a job teaching English or at least over- 
seeing the mending. 


(Continued from Page 10) 

instruments add to the attraction of their 
meeting. This also trains them for Chris- 
tian service. 

Some boys remain in school only a few 
years, yet they return to their village and 
people better prepared for intelligent cit- 
izenship and service. Others finish their 
school work here, go on for higher training 
and become leaders in the church and com- 
munity. These boys are our future hope for 
winning Rajpipla State for Christ. 


(Continued from Page 4) 

One of the most religious desires a mis- 
sionary can have is for a day when large 
numbers of farm boys and girls will sit 
down together and study the agriculture of 
their own communities. They will go home 
and talk with their parents. The parents will 
begin to inquire what it all means. Com- 
munities will reach up. The Indian farm 
home will no longer be the symbol of bar- 
renness and need. Then, whether or not it 
comes during your lifetime and mine, there 
will be a new day for Indian agriculture and 
the Word of God. 



The Missionary Visitor 


Notes from Our Fields 


Lulu U. Coffman 

A Chinese view of the Shansi-Moukden 
clash. Like a bolt out of a clear sky, China's 
premier fence-rider, Gov. Yen Hsi Shan, of 
Shansi, suddenly launched his armies by two 
routes against Peking, the stronghold of the 
Moukden war lord, Chang Tso Lin. By this 
move, Yen has definitely cast in his lot with 
the Nationalists. This clash is only the 
forerunner of a much larger struggle be- 
tween the armed forces of the Nationalists 
and the armies of Chang Tso Lin. In co- 
operation with Shansi, General Feng Yu 
Hsiang, known as the Christian general, and 
his men are striking out from Honan on 
three fronts, against Chang Tso Lin, known 
as China's war lord. 



Bro. Crumpacker, who just visited an out- 
lying district, says that he was received much 
as he was before his last furlough. The at- 
titude and conduct of the people in the cities 
is greatly changed, but the rural places are 
much the same as ever. For example, there 
is a marked difference around town when 
there are big movements of soldiers or ru- 
mors of disturbances. Formerly the people 
at such times became quickly excited and 
feverishly afraid; now they seem to take it 
as a matter of course and go about their 
work much as though nothing unusual was 
taking place. The men of means are the 
ones who are now on the alert. Every bit 
of exciting news is caught up by them, for 
they would lose heavily in an emergency. 

The Pingting church held its third quarter- 
ly council a few days ago, and Bro. Crum- 
packer remarked how much more the mem- 
bers take part in the business than they did 
three years ago. Self-reliance and initiative 
are very much more in evidence. The offi- 
cers were elected for the ensuing year. The 
regular standing committees were chosen and 
assigned to their work. We have a commit- 
tee to take care of the calls which are made 
for help to the poor. They reported their 
finances, and it is gratifying to know that 
there have been few calls for help in the 
past year, and thus they have a nice balance 
in the treasury. Since the schools are in 
session our churchhouse is almost filled at 
our regular Sunday morning services. The 
very fact that a lot of the students come 
seems to make others want to come. 


Bro. Yin, Wei Ch'iu Lan, and Mary 
Schaeffer went to Niang Tzu Kuan and 
spent nearly two weeks there. The work 

among the women at that place is rather 
slow and they felt that very little was ac- 
complished, though many are friendly and 
like to listen to the messages. On Septem- 
ber 15 Bro. Yin baptized nine men, after 
having given them a week's special instruc- 
tion. Some of these were soldiers who had 
been coming to the chapel for some time 
to learn more of the Gospel. Some had 
heard at other places. In Niang Tzu Kuan 
and the surrounding villages are about twen- 
ty Christians. Some have grown cold, while 
others are very zealous in their Christian 
life. One man rents a small room and keeps 
it clean to accommodate anyone who comes 
to his village to teach. He is a very poor man 
and has a family to support. We like to see 
this spirit among the Christians. They are 
ridiculed a great deal, but true Christianity 
is respected everywhere, though made an 
object of jest at times. 

Misses Metzger and Schaeffer find a hearty 
welcome in the homes of our friends and 
church members. They report the following 
testimony from one dear sister : " I wanted 
to go to the woman's school but my home 
duties kept me away. However, I was there 
parts of three years. In that time I read 
some of the Bible, but not near all. I do 
enjoy hearing the Word of God, and am 
never so happy as when some one explains 
its meaning. The strangest thing is that 
when I read the portions which I did not 
read in school, I know the characters and 
understand them, too. Other books are all 
confused, but the Bible is clear." Here is a 
case of the Holy Spirit making known the 
Book to a believing and hungering soul. She 
was baptized some years ago and has lived 
a faithful Christian life. 

Miss Flory writes as follows: "The month 
of September had the usual number of pa- 
tients in the hospital, and it seems to me 
that there is unusual interest in the evangel- 
istic and also in the training school this fall. 
The patients sit around on the benches in 
the corridor, reading the little Gospels that 
the hospital evangelist has given them. Dr. 
Hsu was called home because of the death 
of his mother on Sept. 23, and we have been 
without a doctor since then. The men grad- 
uate nurses and myself are doing the best 
we can to take care of the patients in the 
hospital, but many things suffer because we 
can not give them proper care." 

Shou Yang 

Our school here has been actively op- 
posed by the local Kuo Min Tang (People's 


The Missionary Visitor 


Party). They threatened to induce the coun- 
ty official to put out an order that all par- 
ents who had children in the mission school 
should call them home. The county official 
has assured the people that such an order 
can be given only by the governor, and there 
is no probability that such an order will be 
issued. Because of the various rumors being 
circulated concerning the school, Mr. Nieh, 
the principal, called a meeting of all the 
parents and explained the situation to them 
and they all voiced their willingness and 
eagerness that their children remain in the 
school. Everything is going along smoothly 
again. The Kuo Min Tang has been quiet 
for the last few weeks, seemingly having 
spent itself for the time being. If we can 
judge from various expressions of the mer- 
chants and other local people, the party's 
radical opposition to the mission has not 
had the sanction of the people as a whole. 

Shortly after her return to the station, 
Sister Neher, with the Bible woman, Sister 
Kung, made a trip out to Tsung Ai, one of 
our outstations, twenty li out. It had been 
over a year since any women workers had 
been out there. A week was spent visiting 
in interested homes in the city and in the 
homes of Christians in the near-by villages. 
Everywhere we were heartily welcomed and 
there seemed to be a real interest in most 
cases in our message. Oftentimes in a place 
where the missionary has not been for some 
time there is more interest in the missionary 
than in the message, but we felt keenly that 
this was not true at Tsung Ai. In fact, the 
interest seemed so good we are planning to 
go back after the harvest season and open a 
class for two weeks, give intensive instruc- 
tion in gospel truths, and teach the women 
to read the phonetic script. We are hoping 
for a good-sized class. 

The outlook for women's work here is 
better than ever before. We feel the Lord 
is answering prayer, and hearts are more 
open to the Gospel. ,As the month closes 
there are six women reading in their homes, 
some every day, some several days out of 
each week. In all these cases the Chinese 
character is being taught, a little book, 
" Easy Steps to Great Truths," being used. 
Two of these women are wives of Christian 
workers. One of the women, Mrs. Wu, be- 
gan reading last February and has made re- 
markable progress. The truths of the book 
are taking hold on her heart and she is be- 
ginning to tell her neighbors what she has 
learned, pleading with them to turn from 
their false gods to the one true God. Not 
only is she concerned about her neighbors, 
but her heart is burdened for her relatives 
back in her native village, who are most 
zealous in their worship of the gods. She 

said she knew if she could tell them and 
help them understand about the true God 
they would make most earnest followers of 
the Lord Jesus. Pray for this woman, that 
the Lord may use her in a mighty way to 
bring others to the Savior she is now just 
learning to know and love. 

Dr. Hsing is kept very busy. The new 
buildings, including his residence, are prac- 
tically completed. If the number of patients 
increases much more there will be an urgent 
need for another doctor to assist Dr. Hsing. 
The hospital, constructed as it is, following 
more the Chinese ideas of buildings and 
living conditions, appeals to the local Chi- 
nese, and the hospital is growing in the con- 
fidence of the people. 

The men evangelists are going ahead with 
the work in a very fine way. One other of 
the evangelists has been out in the field most 
of the month. They report that they find 
conditions very good. 


Ruth Forney Brooks 

From the girls' school last year nine were 
married, and ten went to Anklesvar for 
further training, yet the school enrollment 
is as large as formerly — 80 in number. That 
is, there are 80 counting the little five-year- 
old boy who came with his older brother and 
sister when they entered our boys' and girls' 
schools, respectively. They are full orphans, 
so " school is home " to them. " Buddie loves 
to sit in kindergarten and join in motion 
songs and the games of numbers and read- 
ing. And you ought to hear these kinder- 
gartners tell stories ! The present kinder- 
garten teacher is a live wire and keeps her 
twenty-two youngsters joyously busy. She 
grew up in the school and took her further 
training at Anklesvar. 

We are thankful for good health (a trite 
saying, but truly meant when one writes 
from the Orient). Whooping cough entered 
the girls' school early in the year, and had 
it not been for the isolation ward the school 
would have had a long siege. As it was, only 
nine were sick and the school work was not 
seriously hindered. The boys' school of over 
a hundred needs a similar ward badly. 

Dr. Cottrell gave both the boys' and girls' 
schools medical inspection, and reported the 
children's physical condition the best he had 

found it. 

Matrimonial news finds a place in school 
notes in India as well as in America. An- 
other wedding has recently been arranged 


The Missionary Visitor 


between a Christian man, who owns some 
land in his village, and one of our girls. His 
one condition to the proposal was that she 
be willing to work in the fields, and her 
reply was that she had "always loved to do 
such work." So " wedding bells will ring." 
We notice a great readiness on the part 
of boys and girls to memorize. We are uti- 
lizing this in both the boys' and girls' schools 
for memorization of choice Scripture pas- 

sages. A fourth of the boys' school has com- 
pleted the memorization in record time. The 
girls are finishing their memory work at this 
time, so the exact number completing mem- 
orization has not been ascertained, but there 
is excellent interest. It is planned to give 
each a Bible in Gujarati, from the new trans- 
lation recently completed. Bro. Blough has 
been working untiringly with members of 
other missions in this translation. The new 
edition is due from the press in November. 



IN Amletha village Xatha Hari's wife had 
been sick for a few days. The husband 
had begun to think it was something 
serious and that he had better get medicine 
from the dispensary for her, when she sud- 
denly died. Her tiny daughter, Fulmerni, 

only one month old, was left motherless. 
What to do, how to feed a month old baby ! 
The neighbors said, " It cannot be done, the 
baby will die." " I cannot let my little Ful- 
merni die," said the father, so he asked the 
village Christian teacher if he could put her 
into the Baby Home. There were about as 
many small babies as could be well taken 
care of in the Home, but the Miss Sahib 
said, " You bring her and if I find she is not 
sick now we will take her. ' When the father 
brought her we found her a plump, happy 
baby and thought her name suited her, Ful- 
merni, Flower-Jewel. For some time she 
was well and happy. Then both she and 
little Rahal became sick. Rahal responded to 
treatment and was soon all right. 

Just at this time Fulmerni's new mother in 
the Home, Bonji-bai, developed trachoma 

and needed an operation, so she went to Bul- 
sar for operation and treatment. Then little 
Fulmerni had to adopt another mother, which 
happened to be the Miss Sahib, the writer of 
this story. She seemed to get worse. But 
since the matron in the Home and another 
helper outside were already at the Bulsar 
Hospital we could not spare any more wom- 
en and care for the other babies. Little 
Fulmerni began to look like a famine baby. 
When I looked in her face at evening and 
several times during the night I thought she 
would not live until morning, and in the 
morning I would wonder if she would be 
living until evening. Just two days before 
Bonji-bai came home Fulmerni took a de- 
cided turn for the better and the day her 
foster mother came Fulmerni was much 
better. Bonji-bai is our stand-by in the 
Home. She once said to one of the women 
to whom I had given an especially under- 
nourished baby, " O Jasoda-bai, your baby 
has no stomach." Fulmerni looked as if 
hers had fallen in, for a short time, but she 
soon began to pick up and now at the age 
of fifteen months she is one of the heathiest 
babies in the Home. She is happiest when 
toddling along beside her foster mother, 
learning to walk. It is amusing to see her 
and Rahal and Vali, babies of her age, tak- 
ing playthings from each other. There are 
some real Indian yells. Fulmerni is unusual 
in appearance for an Indian child and one 
of the Bhil caste, having dark hair, light gray 
eyes and being rather fair. 

Xow we trust you have, to some extent, 
made tie acquaintance of one of our little 
brown flowers. W T e are anxious that you may 
have a vital interest in them all. 



The Missionary Visitor 


The Share Plan 


L O 

CArs. J 

Jo& *L 


What Is It? 

The Share Plan is a method by which 
individuals, classes and organizations can 
provide special support for the mission 
cause and in return will receive some 
information from the work for which 
their money was used. Previous to 
the introduction of this plan the sup- 
port of pupils and native workers -was 
urged by the General Mission Board. 
Under this plan the donors desired to 
keep in touch with the individuals they 
were supporting. As the list of pupils 
and native workers grew larger the task 
of supplying information became diffi- 
cult, and finally came to the point where 
the missionaries reported that they 
could not furnish information to all 
these supporters without seriously in- 
terfering with their regular missionary 
activities. The pupils would come and 
go, some proved to be excellent Chris- 
tians, while others did not do so well. 
For the missionaries to report unfavor- 
ably concerning a pupil discouraged the 
folks at home. 

Its Points of Merit 

1. It provides a method by which the 
home folks can support a definite mis- 
sionary project on the field. 

2. The supporters will receive frequent 
letters of information from the field. 

3. Each supporter will receive a nice- 
ly printed certificate which may be 
framed and hung on the wall. 

4. The letters from the fields serve 
as splendid educational material to aid 
in promoting the cause of missions. 

Subscriber Has Choice of Field 

The Share Plan of Support is ar- 
ranged for various types of work and 
for different fields. In every case let- 
ters of information about the work 
being supported will be sent to the 
share subscriber. Shares in India and 
China have been issued for several 
years. Shares are now also issued 
from Africa and from the Home Mis- 
sion Field. You may choose from the 
following list : 

Home Missions. The work supported in- 
cludes Mountain Work, District Mission 
Board work, Evangelism in needy places, 
Student Pastoral Work, Women's Activities, 

(Crrtiftrate nf guppart 

Church of the Brethren 

(ilrfia tettitxea tljaL 

fa a subscriber for j 

ary Work, of the 

Jn the support of the General Mission- 


In consideration of this contribution to tne worh, the holder of this 
certificate will receive through the General Mission Board an annual report 
of the condition and progress of the worh of this station. 

Upon the completion of each annual payment a seal, indicating the 
year for which such has been made, will be sent from the General Mis- 
sion Board. These may be affixed over the circles Indicated below. When 
the payments for five years have been completed this certificate will be de- 
clared entirely paid and If desired a new certificate will be Issued. 



The Missionary Visitor 


Brother A. D. Helser Baptizes the First Four Members of Our Church in Africa 

the Italian Mission in Brooklyn, N. Y., and 
aid to growing city churches such as Fort 
Worth, Tex., Johnson City, Tenn., Portland, 
Oregon, and Cleveland, Ohio. Other forms 
of home work are also engaged in. Letters 
of information from different places are 
sent to the supporters. 

Africa. In 1922 the Africa field was en- 
tered by the Church of the Brethren. There 
are now three stations of work, and letters 
will be sent, telling of all types of activity 
at any or all of these stations. The annual 
cost runs about $25,000. 


Ping Ting Station. Shares covering all 
phases of the work at this station are is- 
sued. The letters will tell about the evan- 
gelistic, educational, and medical aspects of 
the station. Missionaries writing these let- 
ters are urged to give plenty of information 
about the Chinese Christian leaders in the 
church. The cost of carrying on the work 
at this station is about $8,000 annually. 

Liao Chow Boys' School. The last report 
(1926) showed 132 boys enrolled in the school. 
Letters for supporters will tell of the prog- 

ress of this school. The annual cost is 
about $1,750. 

Show Yang Girls' School. The last report 
showed 21 girls in the school. Letters will 
tell of the school. The annual cost is about 
$900. This depends on the enrollment which 
is larger some years. 


Bulsar Station. Money is needed to sup- 
port all phases of the work at this station. 
Share letters will tell about the evangelis- 
tic, educational, and medical work of the 
station. An important hospital is located 
here. The annual cost of maintaining the 
work at this station is about $19,300. 

Anklesvar Girls' School. The last report 
(1926) showed 161 girls under instruction. A 
splendid article about girls' school work ap- 
pears in this Visitor by Beulah Woods. The 
annual cost is approximately $5,000. 

Vyara Boys' School. The last report 
showed 687 boys under instruction. The 
school is large, very successful, and both 
needy and worthy of adequate support. The 
cost for the past year was around $4,200. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Cost of Shares 

Shares will be issued in any amount from 
$25 up to $500 per year, to be paid annually 
for five years. Where an individual or group 
desires to support a share, but cannot pay 
$25, a smaller share will be issued. Also 
shares larger than $500 are needed in some 
of the more expensive fields. Payments may 
be made at any time, but in order to have a 
regular system it is suggested that each 
supporter plan to pay semiannually or quar- 
terly. The shares are issued on a five-year 
basis, and it is hoped that each subscriber 
will plan to continue the support for this 
period of time. However, it is not imperative 
that the support be continued for five years, 
and it may be discontinued by giving proper 
notice to the General Mission Board. Please 
notice the five circles on the facsimile of the 
certificate. At the conclusion of each full 
year's payment a seal with the figures of 
the calendar year for which the support was 
given will be sent free, and these should be 
attached to the certificate. All shares will 
be issued to begin with a definite calendar 
year, but they may be subscribed for any 
time during the year. It is hoped that, when- 
ever possible, the support will be continued 
for the full five years, as this will give 
strength and permanency to the mission 
work. After the five years are concluded a 
new share from another station will be is- 
sued if desired, or the same station may 
be supported for another five years. 

Framing the Certificate 

In order that the certificate may be of 
the most value, especially to classes, Sunday- 
schools and other organizations, the certifi- 
cate should be framed. It is recognized that 
attaching the seals will be difficult after the 
certificate is framed. For this reason the 
frame should have a removable back. 

Missionary Education in the Plan 

Two definite goals are reached in this sys- 
tem. The necessary money for foreign mis- 
sion work is raised and the donors are 
enabled to follow the results of their money 
and to know definitely of the good it is 
doing. The frequent letters from the field 
will supply intelligence and zeal for greater 
undertakings. It is hoped that at times the 
missionaries will supply us with negatives 
of pictures that will be of general interest, 

and we will endeavor to have prints made of 
these, so they may be mailed occasionally 
with the regular share letter. 

The Share Plan of Support was first in- 
troduced in 1919. The first share was issued 
from the Anklesvar Girls' School, in favor 
of the Ladies' Bible Class, Cloverdale Sun- 
day-school, Virginia, and was for $50. Dur- 
ing the five-year period they, paid $250. 

Our records in December, 1927, show that 
251 shares are now being supported in the 
various fields, amounting to $9,512. 

Record of the First Share Issued from Each 
Share Plan Station 

Anklesvar Girls' School 

$50 share issued in August, 1919, to Ladies' 
Bible Class, Cloverdale, Va., supported five 
Vyara Boys' School 

$50 share issued in November, 1919, to N. 
S. Rhodes and wife, supported one year. 

$50 share issued in March, 1920, to Joseph 
D. Reish and wife, supported five years. 
Ping Ting, China 

$25 share issued in January, 1921, to the 
Young People's Organized S. S. Class, Stan- 
ley, Wis., supported two years. 
Liao Chow Boys' School 

$75 share issued in January, 1921, to Al- 
ways There Class, Waynesboro, Pa. They 
have completed six years' payments and 
are starting the seventh. 
Show Yang Girls' School 

$25 share issued in February, 1921, to Jun- 
ior Department, Bethany Sunday-school, 
Chicago. Supported three years. 


$25 share issued in March, 1924, to Willing 
Workers' Class, Woodberry Sunday-school, 
Baltimore, Md. Supported three years, and 
is still in force. 


(Continued from Page 6) 

There are 25,000 Moslems in Navsari it- 
self, and we live within a half mile of the 
majority of them. Pray that God's Holy 
Spirit may make them hungry for more than 
they now possess in their own religion. 

Burjor Bag, Navsari, India. 


The Missionary Visitor 



©1|* 900rk?ra' (Jpvtm | 

The editor invites helpful contributions for this department of the Visitor 


Stover Kulp Writes of Medical Work 

Though neither of us boasts an M. D. or 
R. N., yet under Mrs. Kulp's direction we 
have quite a dispensary practice. When we 
came to Dille we found a boy who had not 
walked for more than two years. From his 
knees down he was a mass of ulcers. Mrs. 
Kulp dressed his sores daily and they healed. 
Imagine our joy and surprise to see him 
walking down the path to our house, lean- 
ing on a cane. 

Last July we arranged for classes in the 
afternoons for the Bura-speaking people 
who have come, to live at Dille, including 
the house boys. We have an average attend- 
ance of from ten to twelve. Four of the 
pupils are young married women. 

H. S. Kulp 

This Tither Finds Joy 

A good brother in Iowa sends $31.75 f<.r 
home missions, and says this is a tenth of 
his income for a certain period, and lie 
yearns for the day when more members of 
our church will tithe. He counts it a sin to 
withhold the Lord's dues. We know by the 
tone of his letter that his heart is much 
burdened because the work of the church 
is slowed down for want of sufficient finan- 
cial backing. 

Testimony for the Children's Slides 

" We liked the ' Friends of Many Fire- 
sides ' fine. They not only boost the mission 
work of the church, but also the movement 
for peace. It seems that God directed it 
that we were to have them." Thus writes 
Rev. M. D. Royer, pastor at Wichita, Kans. 

The set referred to is an illustrated lec- 
ture prepared especially for children. It con- 
sists of about fifty slides, which emphasize 
missions, peace, junior league mission work 
and worship. It approaches the peace prob- 

lem by creating goodwill for the children of 
other lands. A printed lecture accompanies 
the slides. Any public speaker who can 
adapt himself or herself to children can give 
the lecture acceptably. Rental price is $2 
and return transportation. If an offering is 
received for missions at the time of show- 
ing the rental charge is canceled. Many 
other sets of slides are available. Write 
to General Mission Board, Elgin, 111., for 

■J* -J* 

How One Chinese Stands by the Church 

Minneva J. Neher, missionary to China, 

writes of the return of the missionaries to 

their stations after being at the coast for 

several months. 

" As I neared Shou Yang my heart was 
most in my mouth, so eager was I to see 
the folks. There was quite a group at the 
station and they seemed glad to welcome 
us back. In fact, before I left Pei Tai Ho 
the Shou Yang folks had sent us an invita- 
tion, inviting us back, saying that the work 
was suffering and unless we returned soon 
would have real hindrances. As we walked 
down the street from the station I saw the 
Kuo Min Tang (the nationalist party) flags 
all out along the street and was informed 
that it was because of a demonstration just 
held that day against the church, that they 
were flying out everywhere. When we left 
we were still under the other flag, and it 
looks queer to see this strange flag now. I 
learned that there have been some active 
oppositions by the Kuo Min Tang here 
against the church and the school in particu- 
lar. That day there had been threats against 
Mr. Nieh, the principal of the school here. 
He and one of the other Christian teachers, 
Mr. Li Yin San, had entered the Kuo Min 
Tang and then the party decided to clean 
house and sent word to the men to that 
effect. I believe Mr. Nieh was expelled from 
the party and a letter sent to Mr. Li, say- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ing they would give him three days to leave 
the church. He replied with a letter telling 
them to remove his name from the Kuo Min 
Tang and he would not leave the church. 
Mr. Nieh sent a letter to the Yamen, asking 
for protection. So four police were sent 
over to the school, and on Saturday the 
demonstrators did not get to go into the 
school compound. There are posters up all 
over, they say, against the church and 
school. On Sunday there was another dem- 
onstration, but they did not come by here. Mr. 
Li came up on Monday and asked us if we 
were afraid because of the demonstrations. 
We told him, ' No, we are glad we are here 
and can encourage and stand with the Chi- 
nese. He who is with us is mightier than 
he who is with them.' I have been in the 
city a couple of times calling on friends, 
and from what I hear, I think the Kuo Min 
Tang is hurting itself more than the church, 
for the people are not at all pleased with 
some of the things which are being taught 
by the party. Of the things which they are 
teaching some are all right, but some are 
against the rules of good society anywhere. 
One of the moving spirits in the party is 
Mr. Wang, a teacher who was in the school 
last year and who was not invited back. So 
he has a personal grudge against Mr. Nieh." 

Young People's Mission Study 

(This Plan May Help Your Department) 
Our B. Y. P. D., during January to March 
of 1927, had a very beneficial and interesting 
study of the black people of Africa. We 
studied mostly the country of Nigeria. We 
found the outline in the Missionary Visitor 
was very helpful in our study and we fol- 
lowed it closely. 

Our young people's department is made up 
of about thirty-six members. The majority 
of them are members of our church. We 
divided into four groups, and at the head of 
each group was appointed a leader. It was 
understood among each division that each 
group would work for points, and the two 
groups getting the largest number of points 
were to be entertained by the losing sides. 
We arranged a chart to keep a score of the 
points. Our points were made by our at- 
tendance, by bringing a visitor, or by bring- 
ing a visitor for three successive Sundays, 

which made this visitor a member of our 
Y. P. D. This plan created much interest 
and helped to -get young people outside of 
our church to become interested. 

We had it arranged so that each Sunday 
night for four nights a different group would 
have charge of the program. The leader in 
charge of each group selected the leader for 
their program. 

At the close of our study we gave the mis- 
sionary play, " Robert and Mary." It was a 
very interesting play and a very large au- 
dience attended our program. A free-will 
offering was taken, which enabled us to 
send $25 to the Missionary Building Fund for 

We feel that much credit is due to the 
efficient coaching of our pastor, Rev. E. M. 
Wampler, who faithfully did his part in 
helping to make our program a success. 

Fred J. Andrews, Rocky Ford, Colo. 

Home Mission Caravans 

The Volunteer Band in cooperation with 
the faculty members of Bethany Bible 
School recently visited twenty-two churches 
in the interest of the Home Missions pro- 
gram of the church. 

Four teams, consisting of five persons 
each, were chosen from the students and 
faculty members. Two of these teams were 
financed by the faculty members and sent 
to Iowa. Five churches around Des Moines 
and five around Waterloo were visited from 
Thursday morning till Monday evening prior 
to Thanksgiving. The other two teams were 
financed by the Volunteer Band and sent to 
Indiana. Six churches around Ft. Wayne and 
six around Plymouth were visited the week 
end following Thanksgiving. 

Each program consisted of special music, 
a missionary reading, a story to the chil- 
dren, and three talks setting forth the needs 
and program of Home Missions. At the 
close of the program these churches lifted 
a special offering for Home Missions and 
sent it direct to the General Board. 

These teams traveled over 2,500 miles and 
spoke to more than 2,000 people. A number 
of the churches had never before been 
visited by a deputation from our schools. 
The members of the caravans have only 
praise for the kind treatment received. 
D. D. Funderburg. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Mission Study for 1 928 

Missionary Education Secretary 

THE Missionary Character of Chris- 
tianity " has been chosen as the 
theme for mission study for the 
young people and adults. The purpose of 
this theme is to show the Christian religion 
as missionary in character in seeking to be 
helpful to all people everywhere. The Chris- 
tian religion is missionary, not only to geo- 
graphical areas, but to other areas such as 
interrace conditions, economic relationships, 
social relationships and wherever the spirit 
of Jesus is necessary to make life more real. 

The Time for Mission Study 

In cooperation with the General Sunday 
School Board, the Mission Board has sug- 
gested January to March as the time for 
mission study. The Sunday evening hour will 
be the time chosen by most churches. Some 
will change these plans to suit their own 

Church School of Missions Idea 

Different courses are proposed for adults, 
young people and children. Each of these 
groups may recite at the same period in 
different parts of the church. Then you will 
have a school comparable to the Sunday- 
school but the subject will be " Missions." 
This school can be enriched by suitable de- 
votionals at the beginning and in some cases 
a closing session with classes all together. 
Brief reports can be made by the various 
groups to all folks assembled regarding the 
material they have been studying. 

The Adult Course 

For the adult course, the book, " The Ad- 
venture of the Church " (paper, 60c ; cloth, 
$1), is outlined in the Christian Workers' 
Booklet beginning January, 1928. While it is 
desirable that each person have a copy of 
the book, yet this will not be imperative if 
the leader and a few others secure copies to 
use in directing the course. 

Young People's Course 

" New Paths for Old Purposes " (paper. 
60c; cloth, $1) is the book for young people. 
It will be outlined in Our Young People 
week by week. Helpful articles will appear 

in the Gospel Messenger and some in the 
Missionary Visitor to give additional ma- 
terial on the subject. 

Course for Juniors 

" Our Japanese Friends " (cloth, 75c) is 
the book for Juniors. It is proposed for 
January and February. It will be outlined in 
Our Boys and Girls. For the month of March 
a supplementary course (no text suggested) 
on India is proposed. Articles will appear in 
Our Boys and Girls and elsewhere on this 

The 1S28 Missionary Project for Young 

The India evangelistic work, costing ap- 
proximately $26,000, is proposed to the young 
people for their missionary project. Five 
thousand dollars of this amount has been 
suggested already to the college young peo- 
ple. The remaining portion is offered as a 
real man's-size job to the young people of 
the church. The money may be sent to the 
General Mission Board as fast as it is 
earned, but the campaign may continue until 
the close of 1928. 

The Project for Juniors 

As an outgrowth of the month's study on 
India, the children will be challenged with 
the cost of India's medical work for 1928. 
This will be in the neighborhood of six or 
seven thousand dollars. The children can 
carry on this work by a plan similar to their 
projects of the past few years. They will 
earn money in various ways and will bring 
their project to a close not later than the 
end of 1928. 

More Information Available 

Watch the Missionary Visitor for more 
information on the foregoing subject. A 
leaflet embodying these ideas is contem- 
plated in the near future and will be mailed 
to all missionary committees. Others may 
have it by request. 

Dec. 6, 1927. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Question Box 

Will you kindly inform me as to how much 
it takes to finance a foreign native worker 
in the mission field for one year? Is not 
money the greatest need of our mission work 
at present ? What country is most in need 
of money, or in what country does the mis- 
sion work seem to be really accomplishing 
the goal for which it is meant? 

I would like to use some of my tithe money 
for missions, but I want to place it where it 
will do the most good. 

Nov. 29, 1927. A Tither in Kansas. 

The cost of a native worker on the mis- 
sion field varies, depending on the quality of 
service the worker can render and the kind 
of work to be done. Some of the medical 
workers get almost as much as Americans. 
Their support runs from $300 to $400 a year. 
Evangelistic men receive from $75 to $150 ; 
Bible women probably $50 to $75. We are 
encouraging the church on the mission field 
to pay as much as they can of the cost of 
these workers. Some day, of course, we ex- 
pect these churches to be strong and able 
to support their own work and send mis- 
sionaries to other parts. 

We have been trying to get the money for 
this work through the method called the 
Share Plan. This method is described in 
the January Visitor. We would be very glad 
for you to subscribe for a share. 

Our missionary work is successful in all 
of our foreign fields. India has shown a 
steady growth. China is very much upset 
now, but we believe the hand of God is work- 
ing in it and the results will be good. Africa 
is just a beginning field and there are not 
many native workers yet. 
•J* <£ 

Dear Brethren : 

Find enclosed a check of $20.25, money 
earned by ten of our S. S. Juniors. Earned 
by selling candy, by raising pickles, chickens 
and potatoes. We hope this will be much 
appreciated as this money has been very 
cheerfully given. Sincerely yours, 

Gertrude E. Shafer, 
Sec.-Treas. of Missionary Committee. 
Bremen, Ind. 


If he should come today and stand beside me, 

And I should see him as he was of yore, 
When veiled in flesh in all his stainless 

He walked beside the Galilean shore ; 
If he should speak and beckon me to follow 

A lonely path and dreary up life's hill — 
I wonder — should I dare to go unflinching, 

Caring for naught — save but to do his will? 

If I should see him, scorn'd of men, rejected, 

Bending beneath that bitter cross, anew, 
With patient eyes that smile through tears 
of anguish — 
His brow thorn-crown'd, scarr'd hands, 
pierced through and through — 
If he should hold to me the cup of suffering, 
Bidding me to drink the dregs and trust 
him still — 
I wonder — should I shrink from such a test- 
Or stretch out hands of faith to do his 

If I should see him in his risen splendor, 

Bearing the palm of perfect victory, 
Love's very self enthron'd triumphant, ten- 

Gleaming in light of awful purity; 
If he should touch me with those radiant 

Sealing me his, his purpose to fulfill — 
Should I refuse that claim to my allegiance 

Or, strong in faith, go forth to do his will? 

— Selected. 

Joint Station Conference. Umalla and Vali Indians 
and missionaries conferring together 


The Missionary Visitor 


$ C%? ®fltn« (OpartmMt ft 

% Conducted by Nora M. Rhodes 5$ 


Our Best for Our Cause 

Missionary to India 

THE work which has been done by our 
Aid Societies of the church has been 
very commendable, and we have been 
enabled to enlist a goodly number of willing 
workers for the cause. Much has been done, 
not only at home but abroad, and in this 
way we have tried to do our share in the 
world needs of our church. But we will not 
be satisfied with our past accomplishments, 
for we realize that in too many places there 
are yet many, especially of the younger 
women, who are not enlisted and therefore 
are not putting forth effort in this world 
work. We have not forgotten the fact that 
our real happiness in life depends on how 
much we do for others. Forgetting self and 
reaching out is the greatest path to real 
joy in God's service. 

Our Lord gave us the example many times 
and when he said, " In that ye have done it 
unto one of the least of these ye have done 
it unto me," he meant that for you and for 
me. He had first experienced it in service 
to his Maker, his Father, his God. 

Our younger women may feel they cannot 
quilt good enough, and in this case we 
should see that there is congenial work for 
them, or something they can do which is 
just as profitable or even more so than quilt- 
ing. Let them do that which is most natural, 
but see that every one has a chance to do 
her little or much according to her capacity. 

We feel that the time has come when we 
need to be better informed on world needs, 
world conditions, real facts concerning our 
various fields, mainly, of course, India, China, 
and Africa. We usually get little at an 
ordinary Aid Society meeting, and working 
week after week, without a knowledge of 

facts and conditions, produces a dearth of 
inspiration. In some localities the best re- 
sults have come by having a Missionary So- 

Many of us have known the tremendous 
work that the Women's Foreign Missionary 
Society, known commonly as the W. F. M. 
S., has done for its church. In some cases 
it has outdone the Men's Board in the Meth- 
odist church. In fact, I have heard several 
men say they would like to be sent by the 
Women's Board rather than the Men's if 
they worked in the Methodist cause abroad. 
We have no such thing as Men's Board and 
Women's Board, nor are we aiming at that 
at all, but we must admit that those women 
have done wonders and they are an in- 
spiration to us. 

Think of what organized effort does! See 
what our children in the Brotherhood did 
with an earnest, honest and vigorous effort. 
The hospital they built in India at Dahanu 
stands as a daily monument to the work of 
children and is making a tremendous im- 
pression on the childhood of India, as well as 
serving a great and long-standing need. 

I suggest that we get busy and organize 
our work. Have occasional programs, in 
which missionary news can be gathered and 
given out at special meetings. Let the school- 
children give you some demonstrations, and 
when missionaries from the field are acces- 
sible, get them to give desired information. 
In the course of a few months all will see 
the worth of such an effort. Get the drift 
of what women are doing in other churches 
along this line. Again, let me urge that 
every woman be enlisted in the work and 
given something worth-while to do, so that 


The Missionary Visitor 


by united effort put forth a much larger 
amount can be raised which will help to do 
all our fields justice without any deficit, and 
it will be done easily as well as happily. 

Day of Prayer for Missions 
Feb. 24, 1928 

Last year it was an inspiration to know 
that we were voicing the same petitions as 
other Christian women in America, Europe, 
Asia, Africa, and the Islands of the Sea. 

We now approach another observance of 
the World Day of Prayer for Missions, 
which will be on the first Friday in Lent, 
Feb. 24, 1928. Let us remember that this is 
an Interdenominational Day as well as an 
International Day. 

Leaders in missionary societies should be- 
gin early in their preparations for the day. 
Where there is no missionary society the 
Aid Society should sponsor the movement. 
Do not make the mistake one group made 
last year by putting on an Aid Society pro- 
gram. We want to make it what the name 
implies, a day of prayer for missions. 

The program, " Breaking Down Barriers," 
proceeds from Thanksgiving through con- 
fession and intercession to consecration. It 
may be used entirely as printed, or it may 
be adapted. It may be repeated in an after- 
noon and evening service for different 
groups. A number of girls' groups are ob- 
serving the day. 

The price of the programs is 2 cents; $1.75 
per hundred. Order your supplies early from 
the General Mission Board. 

Do not fail to pray that guidance and in- 
spiration may be given to all those who have 
the responsibility of planning for the day. 
Give the service early publicity in your lo- 
cal newspaper, your bulletin board and from 
the pulpit. 

Every land 

A missionary magazine for boys and girls 
from 8 to 16 years. It trains for sympathetic 
understanding of all nations through stories 
and beautiful pictures from every land. 
Issued monthly. Price, $1 a year. Send sub- 
scriptions to M. H. Leavis, West Medford, 

Monthly Program Outline for Women's 
Missionary Societies 

Text — A Straight Way Toward Tomorrow 

Chapter 5 — Companions of the Way. 

Hymn — " Where Cross the Crowded Ways 
of Life." 

2 — Scripture, The Good Samaritan, Luke 10: 

3 — Follow with words of Mrs. Roy, p. 142. 
Several brief prayers for various lines of 
service and individual responsibility. 

4 — Brief talk on the outstanding principles of 
social service today as contrasted with 
forty years ago, pp. 143-144. Into this 
talk may be brought the story of your own 
city or rural service. Where is your great- 
est lack? Are your methods modern? Are 
they supported? 

5 — Different women report the progress of 
different nations. India, pp. 148-149, 173, 
175. Japan, pp. 149, 169, 177-178. China, 
pp. 156, 158, 165-168, 170. Turkey, pp. 151- 
153, 159-160. Africa, pp. 154-155. Near East 
Relief, Syria and Philippines may be men- 
tioned if time permits, pp. 171-172, 163, 
164, 168-169. 

6 — Put Christ into the Woman's Movement. 
Mention some of the facts found on pp. 

7 — Closing Llymn, " Cast Thy Bread Upon 
the Waters." 

Birthdays of Our Women Missionaries 

" Now I beseech you . . . that ye strive 
together with me in your prayers to God 
for me." 


5 — Mrs. Esther Beahm, Africa, now on fur- 
8 — Mrs. Mabel Moomaw, India. 

12 — Sarah Shisler, Africa. 

16 — Lillian Grisso, India. 

17 — Mrs. Ina Kaylor, India. 

21 — Mrs. Kathryn Garner, India. 

23 — V. Grace Clapper, China, now on fur- 

27 — Mrs. Ruth Mallott, Africa, now on fur- 
Pray for our missionaries. . , .,.' 


The Missionary Visitor 


«J8JtSS@St MffiWMM 

Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 


Dear Juniors: Look who's here! Come and greet 
our little friends from the Orient. Ratna and 
Lakshmi, Waki, Vesti, Bandu, and Bodi. Show 
them how hospitable American youngsters can be. 
There is a special bond between us this year, and 
as you did such fine things for " Our Black Broth- 
ers " in Africa last summer, so you are going to 
put into the palms of these little " Brown Brothers " 
a token of your friendliness and good-will. So India 
and America will join " hands across the sea," and 
there will be no east nor west, but all one great 
neighborhood of God's children, with Jesus, their 
Older Brother, showing them how to live. Follow 
where he beckons, and " Happy " will be your 
middle name! 

Aunt Adalyn. 

Ratna Kesav and Sister, Lakshmi Kesav— 1927 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: 

You may be surprised to hear from a little boy 
from India. I was asked to write you a little letter 
telling you about myself. I go to the Mission School. 
I am now in the sixth standard. I started to school 
at the Wanki five years ago. While in the first 
year of school I had a sad thing to come into my 

It came time for my little sister to marry. We 
had no money. My father had to borrow money 
so our little sister could marry, otherwise she would 
be disgraced. The Shet would not loan the money 
till my father promised to bind me over to pay 
the debt. I was taken away from school. I cried 
all the way, " Oh, please do not take me from the 
Jesus School!" The Shet would not listen. One 
day I ran away from the Shet's house and came 
to school. He came after me. I saw him coming 
and ran and hid so no one knew where I went. 
The Shet was very angry, and made it hard for 
my parents because I was not working out that 
debt. I wanted to go to school. So, after much 
suffering and much sacrifice, those in charge of the 
Wanki School made it possible for me to return to 
school. I am very thankful to all who have helped 
to make this possible. I wish to go on to school 
till I finish. Then I wish to become a teacher. You 
may hear from me again. I must stop now as my 
letter will be too long. I send loving salaams to 
you all. 


Ratna Kesav, 
Wanki-Bulsar, Surat District, India. 

We are delighted to see you, Ratna and Lakshmi. 
We do not know how to make salaams, but we do 
know how to shake hands, and we bid you a very 
cordial welcome. I hope you enjoy sitting here by 
the Evening Lamp, and I am sure we are happy to 
have you talk to us. May you reach your goal, 
Ratna, and become a teacher whom many will look 
up to and love. 

Vada, Thana Dist., India. 
August 7, 1927. 

Very dear children of America. Most loving salaams: 

This is to inform you that our school here is very 

good. I am studying in the fifth standard. My 

Our brown friends in the Indian Church. Read 
Ratna Kesav's letter 

father and mother are dead, and I am living in the 
boarding school. My home was a bamboo hut out 
in a village. My father and mother were very good. 
Our caste is Wareli. While there my father and 
sister died. Then we came to this town and my 
mother began to cook at the boys' school. Some 
days afterward some wicked people beat her and 
threw her in the well. [The death of this woman 
was a mystery, her dead body having been found 
in the well one morning.] My sister and I felt very 
grieved. Then we came into the girls' boarding 
school. At first I was very unhappy. Then I 
began to like it. Miss Sahib has taken good care 
of us. We are two sisters and have no other rela- 
tives, but God is with us. My sister is in sixth 
standard. Here we eat rice, pulse, millet, wheat and 
vegetables. Near us are many hills and trees. These 
are very beautiful. We have made a flower garden 
and like it very much. Many birds and butterflies 
come to sit on the flowers. Flowers are all about 
us now and we feel their joy. [This is the rainy 
season.] We eat three times a day. One time we 


The Missionary Visitor 


went to see the sea. I wondered how it would 
look. Then we went in the water and had lots of 
fun. We played until six o'clock, then came out and 
sat down in a grove and prayed. There also we 
ate our lunch. After returning home we slept very 
soundly. In our school is a little cripple girl. Her 
name is Saraswati. She is about eight years old. 
She has two brothers but they are not in school. 
The people here are nearly all farmers and they 
are busy in their rice fields now. 

Now I finish with love, 
Waki Lasha. 

(This girl is from the Vada Boarding School. It 
was translated by the missionary in charge who 
also inserted a few parenthetical explanations.) 

G. E. Swartz. 

We are all pleased to know, Waki, that you and 
your sister have fallen into such good hands. And 
you have good company when you have God for 
a Friend. We are sending prayers and gifts from 
this side of the world that you may be always happy 
and prosperous, and help your neighbors to get 
acquainted with that same good Friend. 

Jalalpor, India, 
Sept. 22, 1927. 
Dear Aunt Adalyn: 

When I was a little girl about six years old my 
parents died leaving me an orphan. My maternal 
uncle took me to his house to help care for his 
baby and to help about the house. I stayed with 
him until I was so cruelly treated that I ran away. 
In wandering about I became the servant of a 
farmer, where I scoured vessels, carried water and 
did other errands. One day all the family went 
visiting and I was left at home alone. This I did 
not like so I ran away. This time I came to a 
village where there was a school at which I stopped. 
The teacher there found out I had no home; so he 
brought me to Jalalpor Girls' Boarding School. I 
was dirty, almost naked and had itch. Here I was 
bathed, combed and given new, clean clothes. This 
made me very happy. I have been treated so well 
here that I feel as though I never want to leave. 
I am now in the fifth grade and am so glad I have 
learned to read and write. I am glad, too, I have 
learned to know of the true God and Jesus Christ 
the Savior. 

Vesti Natha. 

You are another sample, Vesti, of what Jesus' love 
will do, when it comes through kind teachers. Surely 
cleanliness and godliness go together. May you 
never lose the happiness and hope that have come 
to you, and may you pass them on to others. 

C. B. Mission, Ahwa, Dangs, Surat Dt. 
Sept. 7th, 1927. 
Dear Aunt Adalyn: 

I, Bandu Davazu, send you my many salaams in 
the Lord. I pray for you who believe on the Lord 
always, and remembering you praise the Lord. We 
have had plenty of rain here this year and the 
grain looks good. I am still going to school. I 
am in the third standard. My teacher's name is 
Chakranaryan Master. Our Head Master's name is 
Yeshwantrao Hevali, and our Principal is Rev. H. P. 
Garner. He is very kind. Because of this our 
work goes very smooth. I am thirteen years old. 
I have two brothers and one sister. Our country 
is very jungly. There are three kinds of trees in 
our forests, Teak, Bamboo, and Sesame. There are 
lots of tigers in the jungle too but they are getting 
less because our Deputy Saheb always shoots as 
many as he can. He has killed 20 or 25. A Dangi 
man. Ramji Lohar, has shot four or five. Our com- 
munity is still in the dark. They do not know the 
Gospel of our Lord. Garner Saheb and some of the 
Masters go out in the motor and tell the people 
Gospel stories. I too was in darkness but seeing 
our sad condition Rev. J. M. Pittenger Saheb came 
here to tell us about Jesus. And since he came 
I have begun to believe on God and am growing 

in his knowledge. Others are too. Keep sending 
help that the work may continue to grow. My 
prayer is that your work may go on nicely. I send 
my salaams to you all. 

Bandu Davazu. 

(This boy is a baptized Dangi) 
H. P. G. 

Our kindest greetings to you also, Bandu. It seems 
almost as if we knew you, as we are very well 
acquainted with Rev. Pittenger. We rejoice that he 
could be in your country long enough to make some 
bright spots in the dark. And may you never let 
the light of Jesus go out. 

Vyara, India, 
July 27, 1927. 
Dear Aunt Adalyn: 

Six years ago, I came to the Vyara Mission. My 
brother had studied and he sang songs, so I desired 
to go to school. One morning he brought me to 
school. Since I had only one little rag, I wore my 
brother's coat on the way. 

A few days I was happy in school, but thinking 
of father and home, to me came the mind to run 
away, so I slipped out secretly. But in a few 
minutes all the girls came, and catching me took 
me back to school. The matron shut me into the 
godown [storeroom]. While here the girls coaxed 
me to hand out peas and onions to them. That 
evening the matron let me out. 

Three days later, I ran away again — and was 
caught. This time the matron kept me in her room, 
and spanked me, yet the desire to go home stayed 
with me. 

Very soon, I ran away the third time. It was 
evening and soon it got dark on the road. I slept 
under a tree and I was afraid. In the morning, 
arising, I went home. This time my brother came, 
and punishing me and giving me advice, took me 
back_ to school. 

This was my last time. From then on I was 
happy in school. Now it seems to me that the 
school is my home. In 1924, I was baptized. I am 
in the Fifth Grade. 

I am thankful that I am a sister to all the 
Christian boys and girls of the whole world. 


Bodi Rama. 

Well, we are glad, Bodi, that you are now satisfied 
to stay in the school, even if you had to be spanked 
to keep you there! When you get through with your 
education, you will be happier still. You will be 
able to help others so much more. Keep up your 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: Enclosed is a check of $7.53 
for the hospital in Africa. My brother David, aged 
five, Helen, seven, Hernley, nine, and myself, twelve, 
saved this from money earned by working for 
father and mother. We feel this will help some 
little girl or boy (get medicine to make them well, 
and get the proper care), and help spread the Gospel. 
Yesterday (November 16) we went for a trip to 
Eagles' Mere (lake of the woods), which we enjoyed 
very much. It is about 127 miles from home, and 
— maybe you would be interested — the lake is on 
top of a mountain, which is very unusual, isn't it? 
We are all well and happy (and so is Baby Eugene, 
who is just about ten months old, and very lively). 

Robert Madeira. 

336 W. High St., Elizabethtown, Pa. 

Your generous check spread joy in the mission 
rooms. I am glad that while you are happy your- 
self, you are thinking of making others happy, even 
if they are on the other side of the world. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: The last Visitor had only one 
letter, so I decided to write. I hope the Juniors 
will welcome me. I go to school with my younger 
sister. We have one brother in high school at Dale- 
ville. I like books and school. I am taking fifth 
grade. I am nine years of age. We attend Sunday^ 

(Continued on Page 32) 


The Missionary Visitor 




Conference Offering, 1927. As of November 30, 
1927, the Conference (Budget) offering for the year 
ending February 29, 1928, stands as follows: 
Cash received since March 1, 1927, $165,308.32 

(The 1927 Budget of $408,300.00 is 40.9% raised, 
whereas it should be 75%.) 

Mission Board Treasury Statement. The following 
shows the condition of mission finances on Novem- 
ber 30, 1927: 

Income since March 1, 1927 $198,413.85 

Income same period last year 205,407.77 

Expense since March 1, 1927 265,975.70 

Expense same period last year 229,858.53 

Mission deficit November 30, 1927 76,446.46 

Mission deficit October 31, 1927 76,125.28 

Increase in deficit for November, 1927 321.18 

Tract Distribution: During the month of October 
the Board sent out 2.582 doctrinal tracts. 

October Receipts: The following contributions for 
the various funds were received during October: 


Arizona— $14.52 

Cong.: Glendale, $ 14.52 

California— $59.37 

No. Dist., S. S.: Live Oak, $3.73; McFar- 
land, $13.61; Modesto, $21.18; Y. P. C. W. S. : 
Reedley. $5; Adult C. W. S. : Modesto, $4.85, 48.37 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. J. Warrelman 

(Hemet), $1; Indv.: C. H. Sheets and wife, 
$10, 11.00 

Canada— $22.94 

Cong.: Merrington, $6.35; S. S. : Merrington, 

$6.59; Aid Soc. : Merrington, $10, 22.94 

Colorado— $38.72 

W. Dist., Cong.: First Grand Valley, 38.72 

Florida— $30.18 

Cong.: Orlando, $10; S. S. : Sebring, $20.18, 30.18 
Idaho— $23.36 

Cong.: Winchester, $19.41; S. S.: Winches- 
ter, $3.95, 23.36 

Illinois— $84.26 

No. Dist., Cong.: O. G. Davis (M. N.) 
(First Chicago), $.50; Elgin, $10.64; S. S.: 
Batavia, $4.11 15.25 

So. Dist., Cong.: Girard, $27; Panther 
Creek, $1.50; Oak Grove, $1.50; Virden, 
$6.51; Mrs. Blanche Marquiss (Okaw), $30; 
Mrs. Rebecca Winger (La Motte Prairie), 

$1; S. S.: Romine, $1.50, 69.01 

Indiana— $436.06 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Clear Creek, $23.06; 
Landesville, $12.05: Mexico, $3.25; South 
Whitley, $12.50; West Eel River, $21.10; Cong, 
and S. S.: Loon Creek, $50; S. S. : Beaver 
Creek, $13.14; Burnettsville, $8, 143.10 

No. Dist., Cong.: Blue River. $35.20; Nap- 
panee, $54.36; Plymouth, $14.37; West Goshen, 
$83.07; Irvin Miller (M. N.) (Goshen), $.50; 
No. 100623 (First South Bend), $10; S. S. : 
Auburn, $5.58, 203.08 

So. Dist., Cong.: Anderson, $22.38; Buck 
Creek, $17; Mt. Pleasant, $3; White, $3; J. 
Andrew Miller (M. N.) (Muncie), $.50; S. S. : 
Antioch (Killbuck) $43; Indv.: Simon Hol- 

sopple, $1, 89.88 

Iowa— $73.30 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Iowa River, $6; S. S. : 
Pleasant View (Cedar), $7.50 13.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: Spring Creek, $25.75; 
S. S.: Greene, $10.81, 36.56 

So. Dist., Cong.: Council Bluffs, $15; Dr. 
L. A. Miller (N. English), $5; S. S. : Ottumwa. 
$3.24, 23.24 

Kansas— $72.63 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Balzer Alles (Holland), 5.00 

N. W. Dist., District Meeting, 52.65 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Mont Ida 14.48 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: H. F. Crist (M. N.) 

(First Wichita), .50 

Lou-'s" ana— $17.88 

Cong.: Rosepine, $2.40; S. S. : Roanoke, 

$15.48, 17.88 

Maryland— $34.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: S. P. Earlv (M. N.) 
(Woodberry) (Baltimore), $.50; S. S. : Beth- 
any, $6; Pleasant Hill (Bush Creek), $2.50, .. 9.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, $10; Indv.: 

Daniel Baker, $15, 25.00 

Michigan — $3.76 

Cong.: Zion, 3.76 

Minnesota — $94.69 

Cong.: Root River, $40; S. S. : Root River, 

$54.69, 94.69 

Missouri— $30.68 

No. Dist., Cong.: Rockingham, 15.68 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Fairview, 15.00 

Montana — $10. CO 

E. Dist., Indv.: Burton Forney, 10.00 

Nebraska— $8.69 

Cong.: Octavia, $4.65; S. S. : Lincoln, $4.04, 8.69 

North Dakota— $117.68 

Cong.: Brumbaugh, 11.08; Cando, $94; Sur- 
rey, $12.60, 117.68 

Ohio— $228.18 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Black River. $53.61; 
Tuscarawas, $5; C. E. Goodhart (Kent) $2; 
S. S. : Ashland City, $6.14; Owl Creek, $1001, 76.76 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Marion Anderson 
(Deshler), $1; Kenneth Sterling (Deshler) $5; 
Freddie W. Garner (Fairview), $1; Grace 
Stutzman (Fairview), $1; A Sister, (Green- 
spring), $10; James Tamplin (Logan), $2; 
Bellemeda Bloom (Portage) $5; Mrs. F. M. 
Buckingham (Rome) $4; S. S. : North Poplar 
Ridge, $9.60, 38.60 

So. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, $44.36; Pits- 
burg, $20.47; S. S.: Castine, $5.52; Haopy 
Corner (Lower Stillwater), $24.21; Union City, 
$17.56; D. V. B. S. : Painter Creek, $.70, .... 112.82 
Oregon— $5.50 

Cong.: A. B. Coover and wife (Grants 
Pass), $5; Leander Smith (M. N.) (Myrtle 

Point), $.50, 5.50 

Pennsylvania— $857.96 

E. Dist., Cong.: East Petersburg, $10.57; 
Myerstown, $20; Spring Creek, $12.06; Spring- 
ville, $48; Big Swatara, $24; Unknown Donor 
of Elizabethtown, $3; Naomi S. Bentschler 
(Maiden Creek), $2; No. 100352 (Palmyra) $40; 
A Brother and Sister (Little Swatara) $25; 
Novella Cline (West Greentree), $10; S. S.: 
Chiques, $7.05; Mt. Hope (Chiques), $15; East 
Fairview, $31.60; Ephrata, $32.75; Harrisburg, 
$18; Hatfield, $39.43; Indian Creek, $25.52; Pax- 
ton (Big Swatara), $26; Frystown (Little 
Swatara), $7; Longeneckers (White Oak), 
$82.35; Aid Soc: Fredericksburg, $15 494.33 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: 28th St. Altoona, $23; 
Artemas, $6.27; Fairview, $15.87; Koontz, 
$30.57; Yellow Creek, $10.14; Eld. Jacob Kinsel 
(Albright), $4; Mary A. Kinsey (Dunnings 
Creek), $10; Rev. A. B. Miller & Wife 
(Lewistown), $15.84; S. S. : Cherry Lane, 
$10.45; Maitland (Dry Vallev), $6; James 
Creek, $4.41, 136.55 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Germantown (Phila- 
delphia), $70.80; S. S.: Norristown, $13.73; 
Parkerford, $19; Friendly Helpers Bible Class 


The Missionary Visitor 


(Parkerfprd), $25; Quakertown (Springfield), 

$15.10, <C ff. 143.63 

So. Dist., S. S.: Brandts (Back Creek), 
$3.78; Pleasant Hill (Codorus), $2.64; Han- 
over, $18.75; New Fairview, $20.47, 45.64 

W. Dist., Cong.: Cumberland, $7.28; Flint- 
stone, $1.50; Locust Grove, $12.50; Redbank, 
$5; S. S.: Diamondville (Manor) $2.21; Plum 

Creek, $9.32 37.81 

Texas— $17.25 

Cong.: Nocona 17.25 

Virginia— $199.67 

E. Dist., Cong.: Midland, $13.92; S. S.: 
Oronoco, $4.75; Iridv.: Mrs. H. A. Via, $5, .. 23.67 

1st. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Sallie E. Pursley 
(Mt. Joy), 4.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: Upper Lost River, $6.75; 
Simon Hansenfluck (Salem), $10; S. S. : Mill 
Creek, $91.92, 108.67 

Sec. Va., Cong.: Bridgewater, $9.91; Mos- 
cow, $27.20; S. S.: College Class (Bridge- 
water); $4.02; Sangerville, $16.70, 57.83 

So. Dist., Cong.: Shelton 5.00 

Washington— $10.00 

Cong.: Mrs. W. H. Slabaugh (Wenatchee 

Valley), 10.00 

West Virginia— $388.22 

1st Dist., Cong.: Allegheny, $24; Bean Set- 
tlement, $25.60; Beaver Run, $3.85; Cheat 
River, $.50; Greenland, $60; Knobley, $94; 
North Fork, $14.02; Old Furnace, $34.50; 
Tearcoat, $95; White Pine, $15.75; James G. 
Evans (Greenland), $3; Burl F. Welch 
(Knobley) $5, 375.22 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Floyd R. Demoss (Beth- 
any), $4; S. A. Himes (Valley River), $5; 

Indv. : Jesse Judy, $4, 13.00 

Wisconsin— $8.32 

S. S. : Chippewa Valley, $4.04; Maple Grove, 
$1; Oak Park (Rice Lake), $3.28, 8.32 

Total for the month, $2,887.82 

Total previously reported, 28,961.62 

Total for the year, $31,849.44 

Pennsylvania — $5.00 

E. Dist., Student Volunteers of Elizabeth- 
town College, $ 5.00 

Total for the month, 5.00 

Total previously reported, 2,198.06 

Total for the year, $ 2,203.06 

Missouri— $26.50 

Mid. Dist., Aid Societies, $ 26.50 

Total for the month, $ 26.50 

Total previously reported, 2,980.12 

Total for the year, $3,006.62 

Pennsylvania— $280.00 

W. Dist., Aid Societies, $ 280 00 

Total for the month, $ 280.00 

Total previously reported, 17.00 

Total for the year $ 297.00 

Illinois— $1.35 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris, $ 1.35 

Ohio— $5.89 

So. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek 5.89 

Pennsylvania — $10.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Anna Saylor (Mid- 
dlecreek), $5; B. Y. P. D. : Intermediate, 

Roxbury, $5, 10.00 

Virginia— $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Fannie L. Mason (Lin- 
ville Creek), 5.00 

Total for the month, $ 22.24 

Total previously reported 504.32 

Total for the year, $ 526.56 

Illinois — $10.00 

No. Dist., S. S. : Primary Department 
(Elgin), $ 10.00 

In diana— $20 .00 
Mid. Dist., Cong.: Clear Creek, 20.00 

Michigan— $8.42 

D. V. B. S.: Beaverton, 8.42 

Total for the month, $ 38.42 

Total previously reported, 299.32 

Total for the year, $ 337.74 

Pennsylvania — $77.00 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Harmony ville, $52; Aid 
Soc: Germantown (Philadelphia), $25, $ 77.00 

Total for the month, $ 77.00 

Total previously reported, 2,190.03 

Total for the year, $2,267.03 

Wisconsin— $3.75 

Boys and Girls of Chippewa Valley, $ 3.75 

Total for the month, $ 3.75 

Total previously reported, 812.45 

Total for the year, $. 816.20 

Illinois— $91.52 

No. Dist., S. S.: Beginner and Primary 
Children (First Chicago), $ 75.00 

So. Dist., D. V. B. S.: Centennial (Okaw), 

$10.10; Woodland, $6.42, 16.52 

Iowa— $2.35 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Beginner and Primary 

Classes (Panther Creek), 2.35 

Nebraska— $7.30 

S. S. : Primary, Beginners, and Cradle Roll 
Departments, (Falls City) $2.55; D. V. B. S. : 

Bethel, $4.75, 7.30 

Ohio— $5.00 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Junior Class (Green- 
spring), 5.00 

Oklahoma— $15.00 

S. S.: Junior Band (Big Creek) 15.00 

Pennsylvania— $50.00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Junior Volunteer Girls' 

Class (Walnut Grove), 50.00 

Wisconsin— $2.66 

S. S.: Junior Class (Stanley), 2.66 

Total for the month, $ 173.83 

Total previously reported 319.93 

Total for the year $ 493.76 

B. Y. P. D. FUND— 1928 

Ca'ifomia— $60.25 

No. Dist., Y. P. D. : Modesto, $22; Circuits 

1 and 2 of No. California, $38.25, $ 60.25 

Colorado— $25.00 

W. Dist., Y. P. D.: Fruita, 25.00 

Illinois— $15.00 

No. Dist., Y. P. D.: First Chicago, 15.00 

Iowa— $100.00 

Mid. Dist., Y. P. D.: Panther Creek, 100.00 

Ohio— $17.14 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Young People's Class 
(Greensprings), $10; Y. P. D. : Brookville, 
$7.14 17.14 

Total for the month, $ 217.39 

Total previously reported, 478.47 

Total for the year, $ 695.86 

California— $60.65 

No. Dist., Friends of J. I. Kaylor, $ 60.65 

Illinois— $12.55 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris, $2.55; Mrs. 
Margaret R. Williams (Mt. Morris), $10, .. 12.55 

Indiana— $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: North Liberty, 5.00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Michigan— $25.00 

Indv.: Ruth I. Vaniman 25.00 

Ohio— $1.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Sara Bigler (Oak- 
land) 100 

Virginia — $4.00 

1st Dist., Cong.: N. E. Lintecum (Crab 
Orchard), 4.00 

Total for the month, $ 108.20 

Total previously reported, 1,646.22 

Total for the year, $ 1,754.42 


Maryland— $40.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: E. C. Bixler & Wife (New 
Windsor) (Pipe Creek), 


Total for the month, $ 40.00 

Total previously reported, 370.00 

Total for the year, $ 



California— $10.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: A Sister (San Bernadino), $ 
Iowa— $3.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : Fairview, 

Kansas— $20.00 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: "Comrades" Class 

(Larned Rural), 

Ohio— $6.25 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Golden Rule 
Happy Corner (Lower Stillwater), 

Pennsylvania— $55.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mary E. Frey (Lewis- 
town), $5; Women's Missionary Society 
(Huntingdon). $50, 






Total for the month, $ 94.25 

Total previously reported, 529.49 

Total for the year $ 623.74 

California— $100.75 

No. Dist., Y. P. D.: Modesto, $ 6.25 

So. Dist., S. S. : "Gleaners" Class, First 
Los Angeles, $12.50; " Loyal Bible Class," 
Pasadena, $50; " Friendship Bible Class," 

Pasa-dena, $32, 94.50 

Kansas— $37.18 

S. E. Dist., C. W. S.: Independence, .... 10.00 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Conway Springs, .... 27.18 
Maryland— $75.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" Class, 
Westminster (Meadow Branch), $25; Aid: 
Soc: Westminster (Meadow Branch), $50, .. 75.00 
Ohio— $6.25 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : "Gleaners" Class, 

Springfield 6.25 

Pennsylvania — $101 .19 

E. Dist., Cong.: Ridgeley, $39.19; S. S. : 
"Sunshine" Class, Indian Creek, $12, 51.19 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Rev. A. B. Miller & 

Wife (Lewistown) 50.00 

Washington— $50.00 

C. W. S.: Yakima, 50.00 

Total for the month, $ 370.37 

Total previously reported, 2,578.75 

Total for the year, $2,949.12 


$ 15.01 

India— $15.01 

India.: No. 100598, 

Total for the month, $ 15.01 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 15.01 

Indiana— $12.77 
No. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Chapel $ 12.77 

Total for the month $ 12.77 

Total previously reported, 248.09 

Total for the year, $ 260.86 

Arkansas— $3.00 

N. W. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Mary J. Babb 

aud Daughter, $ 3.00 

Indiana— $5.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Maple Grove, 5.00 

Kansas— $13.56 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Conway Springs, 13.56 

Minnesota— $4.00 

Indv.: Margaret B. Miller 4.00 

Ohio— $2.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Sara Bigler (Oak- 
land), 2.00 

Pennsylvania— $71.80 

Mid Dist., Cong.: Roaring Spring, 12.12 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Springfield, $44.68; S. S.: 

Quakertown (Springfield), $15, 59.68 

West Virginiar-$51.15 
1st Dist., Cong.: Sandy Creek, 51.15 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $1,518.93 

Kansas— $30.00 

N. E. Dist., Dist., S. S.: Appanoose, $ 30.00 

Michigan— $14.36 

S. S.: Sugar Ridge, 14.36 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 

California— $28.31 


No. Dist., S. S. : "Truth Seekers" Class, 
McFarland $ 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Gleaners" Class, First 
Los Angeles, $12.50; Hermosa Beach, $9.56, 
Illinois— $25.00 

No. Dist., S. S. : Primary Department, 


Indiana— $25.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Winners" Class, North 


Missouri — $25.00 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: North Bethel, 





Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $1,117.34 

Ohio— $1.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Sara Bigler (Oak- 
land), $ 1.00 

Total for the month $ 1.00 

Total previously reported, 76.95 

Total for the year, $ 77.95 

California — $16.29 

So. Dist., S. S.: Covina, $ 16.29 

Indiana — $44.44 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cedar Creek, $30.94; Cedar 

Lake, $13.50, 44.44 

Michigan— $8.43 

D. V. B. S.: Beaverton, 8.43 

Ohio— $10.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : Eden (Tuscarawas), .. 10.00 

Oregon— $8.25 

Cong.: Newberg, $ *" 8.25 

Pennsylvania— $90.29 

E. Dist., D. V. B. S.: Midway 37.45 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: B. G. (First Philadel- 
phia), $10; S. S. : Primary Department, 
Parkersford, $6.29, 16.29 


The Missionary Visitor 


So. Dist., S. S.: Pioneer Class, York, 36.55 

West Virginia— $8.00 

1st Dist., Indv.: Mrs. P. F. Bowers, 8.00 

Total for the month, $ 185.70 

Total previously reported, 2,815.00 

Total for the year, $3,000.70 


Ohio— $16.00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Toledo, $ 16.00 

Total for the month, $ 16.00 

Total previously reported, 36.50 

Total for the year, $ 52.50 

Oregon— $10.01 

Cong.: Portland, $ 10.01 

Pennsylvania — $5.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Elizabeth Mills 

(Walnut Grove) (Johnstown), 5.00 

Virginia— $11.08 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Barren Ridge, 11.08 

Total for the month, $ 26.09 

Total previously reported, 666.25 

Total for the year, $ 692.34 

Illinois— $4.00 • 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elgin, $ 4.00 

Indiana — $5.25 

No. Dist., Cong.: Blue River, 5.25 

Iowa— $1.45 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Bagley, 1.45 

Kansas— $33.50 

N. E. Dist., District Meeting, $ 33.50 

Ohio— $10.38 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Dupont, 4.75 

So. Dist., S. S.: Harris Creek, 5.63 

Pennsylvania— $14.93 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mary Bixler (York), $1; 
S. S.: Curryville (Woodbury), $6.45, 7.45 

So. Dist., S. S. : Upper Melrose (Upper 
Codorus) 7.48 

Total for the month, $ 69.51 

Total previously reported, 57,194.42 

Total for the year, $57,263.93 


Indiana— $5.75 

No. Dist., Cong.: West Goshen, $ 5.75 

Total for the month, $ 5.75 

Total previously reported, 71.38 

Total for the year, $ 77.13 


California— $392.14 

So. Dist., La Verne Cong, for Ernest Vani- 
man and wife, and L. A. Blickenstaff and 
wife, $92.14; Long Beach Sunday School for 

Lucile Heckman, $300, $ 392.14 

Colorado— $14.05 

E. Dist., Congs. for Anna M. Crumpacker, 14.65 
Idaho and W. Mont.— $131.26 

Congs. for Anetta Mow, $64.49; for Dr. 

D. L. Horning, $66.77, 131.26 

Illinois— $454.14 

No. Dist., Mt. Morris Cong, for Ruth 
Ulery, $100; Mt. Morris Sunday School for 
Sadie J. Miller, $259.14, 359.14 

So. Dist., Primary Department (Decatur) 
for Darlene Butterbaugh, $45; Aid Society 

(Virden) for Leah Ruth Ebey, $50 95.00 

Indiana— $751.55 

Mid. Dist., Sunday Schools for Mrs. L. 
W. Moomaw, '25.00 

No. Dist., Y. P. D.'s for Clara Harper 

Budget, 520.55 

So. Dist., Buck Creek Cong, for Nettie B. 
Summer, $81; Antioch Sunday School (Kill- 
Buck) for W. J. Heisey, $25, $ 106.00 

Iowa— $500.00 

Mid. Dist., Dallas Center Sunday School 

for A. D. Helser Budget, 500.00 

Kansas— $598.88 

S. W. Dist., Congs. for F. H. Crumpacker, 
$571.62; D. M. B. for F. H. Crumpacker, 

$27.26, 598.88 

Missouri — $32.37 

Mid. Dist., Congs. for Jennie Mohler, 32.37 

Ohio— $31.88 

N. E. Dist., Owl Creek Cong, for Lola 

Helser, 31.88 

Pennsylvanina— $734.73 

E. Dist., Conestoga Cong, for Ida Buck- 
ingham, $275; Spring Creek Cong, for Eliza 

B. Miller, $22.83; White Oak Cong, for Ruth 
Mallott, $300; Mechanic Grove Sunday School 
for Lois Mow, $25; "Helping Hand" Class 
Lebanon Sunday School (Midway) for Alberta 

C. Sollenberger, $37.50, 660.33 

Mid. Dist., Albright Cong, and Sunday 

School for Olivia D. Ikenberry, $20; Juniata 
College Sunday School (Huntingdon) for J. 

M. Blough, $54.40, $ 74.40 

Virginia— $274.03 

Sec. Dist., Barren Ridge Cong, for Nora 
Flory, $75; Elk Run Cong, for Sara Z. 
Myers, $43.48; Pleasant Valley Cong, for Edna 
R. Flory, $155.55, 274.03 

Total for the month, $3,915.63 

Total previously reported, 28,042.72 

Total for the year, $31,958.35 


(Continued from Page 28) 

school at Monte Vista Brethren church. I hope 
everybody enjoys the holiday season. 

Dillons Mill, Va. Gertrude Bowman. 

You are making good progress in school. I think 
it's because you like books! I shall look for big 
things from you some tim'e. 

Some Holidays Broken Up 

1. Match, sirs. 

2. Nag " Vig " thinks. 

3. Rim a mole. 

4. Nice deep denn. 

5. O, a dry lab. 

6. Yes, we ran. 

Hidden Prophets of the Old Testament 

(Find the answers in bold-face letters) 

1. Here comes Edna humming a tune. 

2. His thoughts were dynamic; a host of people- 
were moved. 

3. I see Bertha most every day. 

4. He gave the garden hose a quick jerk. 

5. In a Ford sedan I eluded him. 

6. It is cold, Joe; let us light the fire. 

(Answers next month) 


Rectangle.— C A N A 

I M R I 

T U B A 

Hidden Word.— Christmas. 

Church of the Brethren Missionaries 

Supported in Whole or in Part by Funds Administered by the General Mission Board 
With the Year They Entered Service 

Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Geer, Va. 

Bollinger, Amsey and Flor- 
ence, 1922 
Finckh, Elsie, 1925 
Hersch, Orville and Mabel, 

Kline, Alvin, 1926 
Wampler, Nelie, 1922 
Dayton, Va. 
Early, H. C, and Emma, 
In Pastoral Service 

Bowman, Price and Elsie, 

Bassett, Va., 1925 
Fahnestock, Rev. and Mrs. 
S. G., 1059 Michigan Ave., 
Portland, Ore., 1927 
Haney, R. A. and Irva, 

Merrill, Md., 1925 
Horner, W. J. and Hazel, 
3122 Ellis Ave., Fort 
Worth, Texas 
Scrogum, Arthur and Marie, 

Accident, Md., 1926 
Showalter, R. K. and Flor- 
ence, Rose Pine, La., 1926 
White, Ralph and Matie, 
1206 E. Holston Ave., 
Johnson City, Tenn., 1923 
Spanhusvagen 38, Malmb, 
Graybill, J. F., and Alice, 

Buckingham, Ida, 1913 
Liao Chow, Shansi, China 
Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 
Senger, Nettie M., 1916 
Shock, Laura J., 1916 
Peking, China 

% No. China Language School 
Coffman, Dr. Carl, 1921, and 
Lulu, 1919 
Ping Ting Chow, Shansi, 
Crumpacker, F. H., 1908 
Flory, Edna R., 1917 
Metzger, Minerva, 1910 
Schaeffer, Mary, 1917 
Show Yang, Shansi, China 
Neher, Minneva J., 1924 
Ulery, Ruth F., 1926 
T'ung Chow, Chihli, China 
Flory, Byron M., and Nora, 

Heisey, Walter J., and Sue, 

Oberholtzer, I. E., and 

Elizabeth, 1916 
Seese, Norman A., and 
Anna, 1917 
On Furlough 
Baker, Elizabeth, 506 Wayne 
Ave., Greenville, O., 1922 
Bright, J. Homer and Min- 
nie, 3435 Van Buren St., 
Chicago, 111., 1911 

Ikenberry, E. L. and Olivia, 
3343 Whitney Ave., Mt. 
Carmel, Conn., 1922 

Brubaker, L. S., and Marie, 
1031^2 W. 34th St., Los 
Angeles, Calif., 1924 

Clapper, V. Grace, 3435 Van 
Buren St., Chicago, 111., 

Cline, Mary E., 900 Frank- 
lin, Roaring Spring, Pa., 

Flory, Raymond, and Lizzie, 
R. 4, Grants Pass, Ore., 

Crumpacker, Anna, McPher- 
son, Kans., 1908 

Horning, Dr. D. L., and 
Martha, 1136 Michigan 
Ave., Topeka. Kans., 1919 

Horning, Emma. 400 So. Ho- 
man Ave., Chicago, 111., 

Hutchison, Anna, Easton, 
Md., 1911 

Myers, Minor M., and Sara, 
Bridgewater. Va., 1919 

Smith, W. Harlan and 
Frances, 3435 Van Buren 
St., Chicago, 111., 1920 

Sollenberger, O. C, and 
Hazel, % J. W. Coppock, 
Tippecanoe City, Ohio, 1919 

Vaniman, Ernest D., and 
Susie, La Verne, Calif., 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., and 
Rebecca, Accomac, Va., 

Garkida, Nigeria, West Afri- 
can, via Jos 

Burke, Dr. Homer L., and 
Marguerite, 1923 

Flohr, Earl W., and Ella, 

Gibhel, Dr. T. Paul, and 
Verda, 1926 

Harper, Clara, 1926 

Helser, Albert D., 1922, and 
Lola, 1923 

Robertson, Dr. Russell L., 
and Bertha C. 1927 
*Kulp, H. Stover, 1922, and 
Christina, 1927 

Shis ler, Sara, 1926 

♦At Dille. 
On Furlough 

Mallott, Floyd, and Ruth, 
No. Manchester, Ind., 1924 

Heckman, Clarence C, and 
Lucile, Polo, 111., 1924 

Beahm, Wm. M., and Es- 
ther, Elgin, 111. % Gen- 
eral Mission Board, 1924 

Ahwa, Dangs, India 

Garner, H. P., and Kathryn, 
Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 

Grisso, Lillian, 1917 

Long, I. S., and Effie, 1903 

Moomaw, I. W., and Mabel, 

Shickel, Elsie, 1921 
Stoner, Susan L., 1927 
Woods, Beulah, 1924 
Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 
Blickenstaff, Lynn A., and 

Mary, 1920 
Blickenstaff, Verna M., 1919 
Butterbaugh, A. G., and 

Bertha, 1919 
Cottrell, Dr. A. R., and 

Laura, 1913 
Miller, Arthur S. B., and 

Jennie, 1919 
Mohler, Jennie, 1916 
Shumaker, Ida C, 1910 
Dahanu Road, Thana Dist., 
Ebbert, Ella, 1917 
Metzger, Dr. Ida, 1925 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 

Roop, Ethel, 1926 
Royer, B. Mary, 1913 
Wolf, L. Mae, 1922 
Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B., 1900 
Vada, Thana Dist., India 
Brumbaugh, Anna B., 1919 
Kaylor, John I., 1911 and 

Ina, 1921 
Swartz, Goldie E., 1916 
Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Alley, Howard L., and Hat- 
tie, 1917 
Post Umalla, via Anklesvar, 
Lichty, D. J., 1902, and An- 
na, 1912 
Widdowson, Olive, 1912 
Ziegler, Kathryn, 1908 
Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 
Blough, J. M., and Anna, 

Brooks, Harlan J., and Ruth, 

Mow, Anetta, 1917 
Burjor Bag, Lunsikui, Nav- 
sare, India 
Mow, Baxter M., and Anna, 

On Furlough 
Ebey, Adam, and Alice, 

North Manchester, Ind., 

Hollenberg, Fred M., and 

Nora, 3435 Van Buren St., 

Chicago, 111., 1919 
Kintner, Elizabeth, Ney, 

Ohio, 1919 
Miller, Sadie J., R. F. D., 

Waterloo, Iowa, 1903 
Shull, Chalmer and Mary, 

3435 Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago, 111., 1919 
Summer, B. F., and Nettie, 

3435 W. Van Buren St., 

Chicago, 111., 1919 
Wagoner, J. E., and Ellen, 

North Manchester, Ind., 


Please Notice. — Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 



Our first annuity bond was issued in 1897. Others followed 
in rapid order. The following- table shows the amounts paid 
back to annuitants on their donations by the Annuity Plan in 
each year and also the grand total paid back in thirty years : 

1897, $ 1,501.76 

1898, 4,081.49 

1899, 4,889.61 

1900, 5,536.77 

1901, 7,111.92 

1902, 8,097.74 

1903, : 10,204.24 

1904, 11,560.26 

1905, : 12,871.08 

1906, 13,248.00 

1907 15,073.63 

1908, 15,813.66 

1909, 15,802.93 

1910, 17,513.69 

1911, 19,255.82 

1912, 21,320.15 

1913, 23,621.71 

1914, 26,888.63 

1915, 32,034.61 

1916, 32,554.18 

1917, 35,597.45 

1918, 39,295.66 

1919, 41,649.20 

1920 45,084.19 

1921, '. . 46,054.55 

1922, 47,096.56 

1923, .' 49,808.53 

1924, 50,586.86 

1925, 52,760.02 

1926, 53,451.89 

Grand Total, $760,366.79 

As many of those of our friends to whom we paid annuity 
in years past have passed on to their reward, it is apparent 
that many new annuity friends have been added to make pos- 
sible a steady increase in the figures above. 

Dear Reader, is it possible you may not know of our 
Annuity Plan? Please address a card to our treasurer, C. M. 
Culp, 22 South State Street, Elgin, Illinois, and ask for Booklet 
V-218. He will understand. 

general Mission. Boar4 




Church of the ^Brethren 

Vol. XXX February, 1928 No. 2 


Who Has the Whole Truth? Editorial 

The Church and Missions - Charles D. Bonsacfy 

Shall We Back Up? Clyde M. Cvlp 

Factors Determining Our Missionary Program C. G. Shull 

Let Us Walk With Christ M. R. Zigler 

The Dahanu Hospital Serves India Barbara M. Nicl^ey, M. D. 

Loyalty /. W. Lear 

Spiritual Experience Emma Horning 

A Program of Education Against War - - Lorell Weiss 







OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind., 

A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa, 1916-1929. 

H. H. NYE, EHzabethtown, Pa., 1923-1932. 

J. B. EMMERT, La Verne, Calif., 1924-1931. 

LEVI GARST, Salem, Va., R. R. 1, 1925-1930. 


OTHO WINGER, President, 1912-1928. 

A. P. BLOUGH, Vice President, 1916-1929. 

CHARLES D. BONSACK, General Secretary, 

H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor, 1918. 

M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary, 1919. 

CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer, 1920. 

Note.— The bold type date indicates the year when Board Members were first elected, the 
o*her date the year when Board Members' terms expire. 

•Although Bro. Bonsack was not elected secretary until 1921 he has been connected with 
t*e Board since 1906. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, 111. 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation of four dollars or more U tke General 
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Elgin, Illinois 


Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXX 


No. 2 



Appreciation of Prompt Service 33 

What Shall Be Said of Detroit? 33 

Who Has the Whole Truth? 34 

Contributed Articles 
The Church and Missions, Charles D. Bonsack ..34 
Factors Determining Our Missionary Program, 

C. G. Shull 36 

The Dahanu Hospital Serves India, Barbara M. 

Nickey 38 

Spiritual Enterprise, Emma Horning 39 

A Program of Education Against War, Lorell 

Weiss 40 

Is China All Unworthy? Nettie M. Senger 42 

The Italian Mission, Orlena Wolgemuth 43 

Notes from Our Fields 44 

The Workers' Corner 

The Jerusalem Missionary Conference 46 

One Million Y. M. C. A. Members 46 

Statistical Picture of World's Protestant Mis- 
sions 47 

The Question Box 47 

1928 Mission Study Books 48 

Missionary Projects for 1928 49 

Evangelistic Work in the Home Land 51 

The Women's Department 

News from Women's Missionary Societies 52 

World Day of Prayer for Missions 54 

Monthly Program Outline for Women's Mis- 
sionary Societies 54 

Birthdays of Our Women Missionaries 54 

The Junior Missionary 

A Missionary Writes to His Son 55 

The Snowballers, Aunt Adalyn 55 

By the Evening Lamp 57 

Financial Report 59 



Just before Christmas the Mission Rooms 
received a Christmas card from a sister in 
Indiana. Besides the customary Christmas 
greetings she wrote, " In appreciation of 
your prompt and courteous service." 
Signed, Secretary Local Missionary Com- 
mittee. The note was greatly appreciated, 
for the workers in the mission rooms do 
sincerely desire to give such service. Often 
the secretaries must be away from the Elgin 
office and certain matters must wait for 
their return. We feel keenly aware that at 
these times our service does not seem 

By way of reciprocation the workers in 
the Mission Rooms want to express appre- 
ciation for the many churches that also give 
prompt and courteous service. They are 
always active in promoting missions and are 
ever ready to cooperate in any good move- 


A great Student Volunteer Convention has 
just been held at Detroit. On our train 
returning home one frequently heard one 
delegate ask another, " What is your reac- 
tion to the convention?" 

It was big, in numbers, in the caliber of 
the speakers, in the scope of territory from 
which they came, and in the breadth of 
idealism characterizing the messages. 

Among the impressive thoughts we may 
mention : 

More money is spent today for military 
preparation in the world than in any year 
before the World War. 

Nations are in closer relationship than 
ever before, and this requires mutual under- 

The old-time slogan, " The evangelization 
of the world in this generation," was absent. 
In its stead there was emphasis on bringing 
all relationships of men under the sway of 

President Wei, of Central China, in re- 
jecting a Christianity that is more Western 
than Christian, stood against producing a 
religion that is more Chinese than Christian. 
Dr. Holland said that no religion but that of 
Christ was seriously bidding for the heart 
of India. As long as the Hindu seeks to find 
God in self, no great improvement happens, 
but when they seek him in Christ conver- 
sions occur. 

Jesus came, not to found a new religion 
but to lead men to the truth in religion. 

Our motive for missions was questioned. 


The Missionary Visitor 


" Are we doing good to men in order to 
convert them, or do we wish to convert 
them in order to do them good?" Hindus 
are not opposed to Christ, but to interpre- 
tations placed on him by nationals of other 

One reporter for the convention gave a 
summary of the student mind : " Four defi- 
nite results seem to be fairly secure : cer- 
tainty that the way of Jesus holds the heart 
of the world when it is made clear; that 
the cross reveals both way and energy to 
tread it ; that the interpretation of Jesus can 
never be complete until Eastern as well as 
Western minds have worked on it; that 
friendship on the college campus must be 
the realistic school for wider fellowship. 
The Detroit convention was dynamic, crea- 
tive and directive. Its energies focus at a 
point far beyond the closing hour." 


Shall we believe that the Christian 
Church in America has the whole truth and 
all other religions in oriental lands are 
totally false or that our religion is mixed 
with error while other religions have so 
much good in them that we have little 
reason to send missionaries to them? 

Probably few will want to claim either 
statement as their conviction in the matter. 
Yet it is quite possible that many who are 
ardent for missionary work have a deep- 
seated belief in the first statement. Like- 

wise those who hold aloof from the cause 
may believe the latter. Neither attitude 
is likely to bring much blessing to the 

Shall we rather not hold a firm conviction 
of the truth revealed by Christ, believe 
firmly in him as the Savior of mankind, 
hold a definite conviction that true followers 
are under the compulsion of love to make 
him known? At the same time shall we not 
humbly admit our failure to understand our 
Lord perfectly and that we have not fol- 
lowed him as closely in our thought and 
conduct as we ought? 

Regarding other faiths we cannot but see 
that in their search for God they have 
learned much of him. There are people in 
other religions that possess much of the 
Christian grace. But viewing other faiths 
as a whole there is a lamentable lack of 
the heights of truth we discover in Christ. 

Therefore we promote the missionary 
cause with a definite conviction of a mes- 
sage of truth and salvation, with a way 
of life that will save men. We also express 
our desire to learn any good thing which 
nationals of other lands may teach us. If 
Gandhi can teach us a truer interpretation 
of our Lord's words regarding meekness 
certainly we do not want to be too bigoted 
to learn from him. If we pool all the truth 
to be found at home or abroad and do our 
best to see and walk with God we shall 
still be in need of divine grace. 

The Church and Missions 

Secretary, General Mission Board 

For Use in Mission Study 

OF course it is the church and mis- 
sions. You could not expect the 
American Tobacco Company to do 
it. Nor the Bolsheviki of Russia. Christian 
missions will not be promoted by the selfish 
interests of any land. Only those who are 
moved by the Spirit of Christ will share 
life and friendship to bring men back to 
the Father. If the Gospel of Christ is from 
God it must be for all his creation. Mis- 
sions therefore are not only the primary 
work of the church but a test of our own 

faith. Livingstone said, " Christianity re- 
quires perpetual propagation to attest its 
own genuineness." This explains why the 
missionary church is always quickened in its 
own life. New blessing and power came 
into the apostolic church when it turned 
to the gentile world with its message of 

With the nations becoming better ac- 
quainted, and the world getting smaller, the 
work of Christian missions becomes more 
urgent, difficult, and fruitful; more urgent, 


The Missionary Visitor 


because newspapers, travel, pictures, and 
business are bringing us closer together. 
We must make them better, or they will 
make us worse; more difficult, because they 
know the weaknesses of so-called Christian 
countries. We, not knowing the thought 
life of the Orient, often use Western 
methods and fail to appreciate the sincerity 
and progress that they are really making. 
But also more fruitful because the Christian 
men and women are an increasing leaven of 
righteousness in their own national life, 
and help maintain proper relations among 
all the nations. The increase of men and 
women of faith and good will who, ener- 
gized by the Spirit of Christ, will follow 
him in loyalty at all times, is the only hope 
of the world peace and the kingdom of 
God among men. 

These changing conditions will require of 
us more exemplary living. Industrial strife, 
commercial greed, and ecclesiastical bigotry 
must yield to goodwill, honesty and humble 
unity in Christ. Our extravagances must 
be converted into benevolences, our pride 
into humility, and our indulgences into self- 
control and the fear of the Lord. We must 
learn to love those of other conditions, 
races, and nations. If we seek to do busi- 
ness with other nations we must radiate 
the fine spirit of our Christian faith also. 
If we love our brethren only, what do we 
more than others? 

These changes have also brought new 
problems in the mission fields. These na- 
tions once thought all Americans were like 
the missionaries. They are learning dif- 
ferently and are more critical and fearful 
of our Western influence. They at least 
insist on doing some thinking for themselves 
as they hear of Christ, and read the Bible. 
The Indian will say, "Jesus said, 'Blessed 
are the meek,' but the average American 
or Englishman is even insulted if you call 
him a meek man." This means that as we 
preach Christ and organize the church we 
must permit them to have some thought and 
responsibility. That they may have self- 
expression, we must permit them to build 
and grow within the limits of their means. 
Self-support is a vital element of growth 
and progress all around the world. The 
best missionary is the one who can help 
others to help themselves. Such mission- 
aries will always find a large field in the 

building of the church all around the world. 

Such service is not easy. It is always 
easier either to do it yourself or leave it 
undone. Many of us have failed as parents 
at this point. It takes genuine devotion, 
both to the cause and the person, to patiently 
teach and have faith that beyond their 
mistakes they will grow into faithful Chris- 
tian leaders. And they do. Among the 
many surprises in our visit to the mission 
fields, none impressed us more than the 
strong Christian leadership that is develop- 
ing. To see them work with all the handi- 
caps of centuries back of them gives one 
new faith in the power of the Gospel of 

What proportion of men and money 
should be given to this important work of 
Christian missions? First, we must not for- 
get that crowding these lands with men, 
or lavishing them with money, will not solve 
the problem. What they need in men and 
women is not quantity so much as quality. 
They need those who have had experience 
of the grace of Christ and who believe in 
the redemption and healing of his power 
for all men. Those who have this experi- 
ence and can go in sincere friendship to the 
people of these nations with health, tact, 
and training — such will find a hearty wel- 
come and a large field of service, and of 
such there can be scarcely too many any- 
where in the world ! 

As to the proportion of money to be 
devoted to this cause, there is likely no 
fixed rule. But if religion has done so much 
for us, it is a poor expression of love, either 
to the Lord or to mankind, to spend it so 
liberally on ourselves, or even in the enjoy- 
ment of our church fellowship when millions 
know not the Lord. Since the evangelization 
of the world is the first duty of the church, 
it should have a large claim in any material 
blessing we may have. The Bread of Life 
is for all of God's creation. When Jesus 
fed the five thousand, he may have begun 
with the first row, but he did not stop 
there! As long as he kept reaching out to 
feed the farthest man and child, the bread 
increased. If we would know the strength 
of that Hand that feeds us all, we must 
not withhold, but give out freely in faith 
and love until all the world may know the 
power of his love and grace. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Factors Determining Our Missionary Program 

Missionary to India 

For Use in Mission Study 

THE first great element in missionary 
activity is evangelism. The modern 
missionary enterprise was born of a 
desire to share with all men the riches of 
Christ. It was this great desire which led 
Carey to India, Morrison to China, and 
Moffat and Livingstonse to Africa. That 
same urge sent our own pioneers, Stover, 
Crumpacker, Helser, and Kulp, to their 
respective fields. There are now 10,000 
missionaries from America alone in other 
lands, and from America, Europe, and the 
Protestant world at large there has gone 
forth an army of 28,000. It is a company 
of folk who " know whom they have be- 
lieved/' and who are convinced that goodwill 
and life eternal are to be found in Christ. 

These lines are being written at the 
Christmas season. On every hand one sees 
and feels the joys that come to both old 
and young through the celebration of the 
Christmas festival. The basis of all our 
joy is God's great Gift for the salvation of 
the world, but in the lands across the seas 
there are millions of boys and girls, and 
fathers and mothers, who never have heard 
the Christmas story. Some of the most 
happy Christmas seasons the writer has 
spent have been those in which, along with 
his family, he has been busily engaged 
throughout the day in an effort to share 
with those who have had little opportunity, 
the Christmas joys and the Christmas spirit. 
A forenoon of activity among the Christians 
at the mission station, followed by an after- 
noon in a village where poorly-clothed but 
happy children give one of the first Christ- 
mas programs ever rendered in that sec- 
tion, gives real pleasure. 

But the picture one forms of a missionary 
and his work must be vastly larger than 
Christmas, Sunday, or week-day evening re- 
ligious services. 

From the days of Wm. Carey until the 
present the missionary has been in the 
midst of conditions calling for a much larger 
scope of Christian activity. On my table 
just now is a picture of the grass hut in 

which lives one of the petty rajas (kings) 
of the Dangs, the province in India in which 
the writer worked. Thirty dollars would 
more than build this house, yet it is the 
palace of one of the kings of the territory. 
If this is the king, what of the subjects? 
Well, aside from their cattle they have little 
wealth, and as to the number of these the 
government reported 30,000 for a population 
of 24,576. It must be remembered that this 
is one of India's poorest sections, yet the 
average annual income for the whole of 
India is estimated at $25 only, or about 50 
cents per week. * Irving Fisher, in his 
recent estimate of annual incomes in Amer- 
ica, places the average at $750 or nearly 
$15 per week. What a contrast ! America 
is rich and India is poor. This, generally 
speaking, is the condition which exists, al- 
though America has her poor in places and 
India a few men of wealth and captains of 

Before going to India I had read of the 
millions in Asia who face each day with 
insufficient food, but it is a different thing 
to live in the midst of such conditions. How 
can one build up a strong church under 
such circumstances? How much spiritual 
food does a hungry man care for, anyway? 
I well remember a rebuke received one 
Sunday afternoon in the city of Chicago. 
A certain brother had been sick for some 
time, and on this occasion a group had gone 
into his home to sing for him. As we were 
about to leave the man said, " I appreciate 
the fact that you folks have come here to 
sing for me this afternoon, but do you know 
the thing we need most in our house just 
now is some bread." The first need of man 
is food, and until that need is met there is 
little profit in considering anything else. 
And if you have a community in which it 
is only partially satisfied there will be veri- 
fied the proverb of Franklin, " It is hard 
for an empty sack to stand upright." 

It is because of this that industrial schools 
and industrial training find a place in the 

The Indian Outlook," by Holland, page 149. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Builders of Christian Homes. The Product of Our Mission in India 

missionary program. Carey began this 
phase of work in India through many ac- 
tivities, one of which was the organization 
of an Agricultural and Horticultural Society. 
(An interesting account of the industrial ac- 
tivities of both Carey and other early mis- 
sionaries is found in " The Adventure of 
the Church," page 152 ff, and " The Church 
and Missions," by Robt. Speer, ch. 3. The 
latter is one of the Gish Fund books, and 
your pastor doubtless has it.) The indus- 
trial training of missions today includes 
carpentry, blacksmithing, agriculture, tailor- 
ing, weaving, pottery, printing, and a wide 
variety of subjects, depending on the local 
needs and circumstances. Out from these 
schools have gone hundreds of boys and 
girls equipped to earn more than fifty cents 
per week. 

A second factor entering into the mis- 
sionary program is illiteracy. The 1922 
government census of India showed that 
86.1 per cent of the men and 97.9 per cent 
of the women are illiterate. The picture 
accompanying this article shows a group 
of young married folks who have all at- 
tended the mission boarding school at Ahwa, 
Dangs. They have now established Chris- 
tian homes and the men are teachers, evan- 
gelists, or carpenters. In 1905, when mis- 
sion work was first begun in the Dangs, 
it is probable that the number of Dangies 
who could read and write could have been 
counted on the fingers of a hand. Consider 
the difficulties a mission faces when it 
enters a community of this kind. How shall 
one secure teachers for a Sunday-school 

who can even read their Bibles? And 
whence shall come village teachers who 
can teach the three R's simply and impart 
religious instruction? When one gets back 
to conditions of this sort he realizes more 
and more what a distinctly Christian serv- 
ice education is. And it is worthy of note 
that in the Christian community of India 
the percentage of illiteracy is only 64.7 and 
78.9 for men and women respectively. 

More and more in the advanced mission 
fields government is taking up the responsi- 
bility of providing educational facilities for 
the people. Education is properly a gov- 
ernment function, and where government 
officials are enlightened, progressive and able 
to do so, they will assume in increasing 
measure the responsibility of educating their 
subjects. In some sections of India the 
need for mission educational activity is 
becoming less, and in China the government 
seems to be more and more ready to assume 
the task. But so long as large percentages 
of illiteracy prevail in our mission fields 
the Christian church will have a responsi- 
bility toward the educational problem. And 
it will always be her special duty to provide 
Christian religious education to all who seek 
it. Even in America, where State education 
has functioned so well that only 6 per cent 
are illiterate, there has arisen within the 
last decade a new demand for the church to 
assume the responsibility of moral and re- 
ligious teaching. 

A fourth department of missionary activity 
grows out of conditions closely related to 

(Continued on Page 50) 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Dahanu Hospital Serves India 


Budhi and her husband after she had recovered 
from her operation 

BUDHI was in great distress. She could 
not breathe unless her mouth was 
open, and even then with difficulty. 
Eating was a still more distressing ordeal. 
She found it hard to swallow even liquid 
foods. This condition had been developing 
gradually for some months. Finally some 
one advised her to go to the missionary dis- 
pensary, seven miles from their home. There- 
fore she came, telling her story. Her face 
was the picture of distress. On examination 
we found a good-sized tumor almost filling 
the throat. We advised that it be taken out. 
Her family felt that an operation was a very 
serious thing, but the girl's condition was so 
distressing that they were willing to take 
the only possible way of relief. Our new 
Dahanu hospital was just ready for patients, 
and she was the first one admitted into it. 
The hour for the operation was set. About 
eighteen of her relatives and friends came 

to help with the funeral rites in case she 
should die. They stood about inside and 
outside the operating room. When the tu- 
mor was removed and they saw that the 
patient was all right they were so happy. 
They all crowded around to see it, and some 
fell at our feet to thank us. The throat 
healed nicely and she was so grateful to be 
able to breathe properly and eat with com- 
fort. She and her husband staid in the hos- 
pital about a week, and were interested lis- 
teners to the Gospel story. After two weeks 
they returned to see us. Budhi was radiant- 
ly happy and living seemed worth-while to 

Soon after the hospital was opened a wee 
baby girl was brought to us. Her father had 
died some months before, and her mother just 
a few hours before. So this little one needed 
some one to care for her. We took her and 
she soon captured the hearts of all who met 
her. We named her Dayah, which means 
" mercy." Then several others were brought 
to us. Some of them were quite weakly and 
needed much care to bring them back to 
health. Now their happy faces are a great 
joy to us all, and to the patients who come. 
Some who have been here send back pres- 
ents for the babies. 

Recently I was called into the town to 
see a young woman who had a baby ten days 
old. She was in a dark, stuffy room, as is 
the custom for confinement cases. She had 
been cared for by an untrained native mid- 
wife. Now she had developed tetanus (lock- 
jaw) and other infection. I advised them to 
bring her into the hospital, which they did. 
She was very ill indeed. A special nurse was 
put on the case day and night. She was 
given quantities of tetanus antitoxin. Much 
prayer was offered in her behalf, and they 
with us praise the Lord for her recovery. 
The husband, who is quite well educated, and 
several others of the near relatives, also 
staid here. They had an opportunity to hear 
the Christian message. The husband read 
the New Testament and " Pilgrim's Prog- 
ress." He was a most interested member of 
our men's Bible class, that meets two even- 
ings a week, while he was here, He was 


The Missionary Visitor 


given a New Testament to take along home. 
He writes back that he is studying it, and is 
much interested in it. Will you not unite 

with us in prayer that they may continue to 
search after truth, and find life eternal in 
him who alone can give life. 

The Hospital Verandah — Dahanu, India 

Spiritual Experience 

Missionary to China 

WHAT is the most satisfying thing 
you ever did? Something that left 
no regret and you were only eager 
to do it over and over again, something that 
thrilled you with a new joy every time 
you did it. The following is my answer. 

The river was frozen hard and smooth ; 
snow covered the ground, soft and glittering ; 
majestic mountains surrounded the city, cold 
and beautiful in the morning sunshine. We 
descended from the east gate of Liao, crossed 
the bridge, entered a valley, climbed the 
mountain side, and knocked at a village door. 
We were given a hearty welcome although 
it was the first time we had been there. We 
were invited to get on the warm kong 
quickly with- the family and warm our 
freezing hands and feet by the additional 
heat of a charcoal burner. 

After a short friendly chat we unrolled 
the picture of the prodigal son and ended 
with the wonderful care of the loving heav- 

enly Father. Airs. Liu's interest was intense 
all through the talk, and when we had 
finished she exclaimed, " Yes, that is true, 
every word is true. I know it. My husband 
died when the children were small, and I 
had no one but him to trust. Every day I 
went out into the open court yard and 
looked up into the sky and said, ' O God, 
you are all I have to protect and help me.' 
And when my little son went out on the 
hillside to herd the sheep each day I just 
told God again to keep the wolves from 
harming him. Yes, I had to feed and clothe 
my children and my dear old mother besides. 
Then there was the great expense of bury- 
ing her, and buying a wife for my son and 
the wedding. Yes, he has helped me through 
it all and now we have the additional bless- 
ing of two grandchildren. I understand what 
you are talking about. It is true." 

Now if this had happened in Christian 
(Continued on Page 58) 


The Missionary Visitor 

A Program of Education Against War 


Student La Verne College 

Lorell Weiss, winner of first place 

THE subject of world peace is often 
considered trite. As a matter of fact 
it is one of the livest issues of the 
day. It is certain that war is wrong and 
ought to be abolished ; it is equally certain 
that we have not yet disposed of the prob- 
lem. We cannot complacently assume that 
there will be no more war, merely because 
we now have a League of Nations or a 
World Court. These are worthy efforts, 
indeed, but they have by no means made 
lasting peace certain for the future. 

No organization or treaty is competent to 
preserve the peace as long as it is possible 
for selfish or misled chauvinists to stir up 
animosity and hatred among the masses. At 
present this is still the case. Distrust and 
prejudice are manifest everywhere in inter- 
national dealings, and the next generation is 
likely to face a terrific temptation to plunge 
the world into another deadly conflict, for 
wars have a tendency to come in cycles. 

The General Welfare Board of 
the Church of the Brethren sponsored 
the recent contest on the subject, " The 
Outlawry of War." Detroit was 
selected as the place because many of 
our college students attended the Stu- 
dent Volunteer Convention there the 
last week of December. 

Seven contestants participated repre- 
senting as many of our colleges: La 
Verne, Lorell Weiss, winner first 
place. Bridgewater, Edward Zeigler, 
winner second place. Elizabethtown, 
Margaret Belle Spangler, winner third 
place. McPherson, Howard Keim; 
Manchester, Samuel Mohler; Bethany, 
Clarence Shockley, and Mt. Morris, 
Stacey Shenton. 

The winner of first place, Bro. 
Weiss, who hails from the Portland, 
Ore., congregation, is awarded a trip 
to the World Youth Peace Conven- 
tion to be held in Holland, August, 

Considering the convictions of the 
Church of the Brethren on the subject 
of peace the Welfare Board is to be 
commended for the development of 
the student mind along this line. 

But the next generation will find it pos- 
sible to resist that temptation if the old 
suspicions and prejudices are destroyed by 
the creation of public opinion based on truth 
and unalterably opposed to war. The hope 
of peace lies in a program of world-wide 
education with this end in view. That pro- 
gram must be launched in a definite and 
positive manner at once. It must have three 
objectives : the truth about history, the truth 
about war, and the truth about humanity. 

A prime essential in this educative pro- 
gram for peace is truth in the teaching of 
history. The history taught in our own 
elementary schools usually represents our 
country as one that is wholly pure and 
noble, one that has never done wrong, one 


The Missionary Visitor 


whose wars have invariably been gloriously 
fought in a just cause against base and 
treacherous enemies. In every nation the 
historians seek to justify their own side of 
all controversies. Dr. D. W. Kurtz tells of 
a book agent who called on him to display 
a new American history — two new American 
histories, in fact, one for the North and one 
for the South. In the French and German 
schools the histories now in use give dia- 
metrically opposite versions of the war guilt 
of 1914. 

There can be no harmony among the 
nations unless there is fairness and confi- 
dence in their dealings. Nationalistic history 
destroys both fairness and confidence. The 
public opinion which we desire must have 
truth as its basis, and it must therefore be 
the result, among other things, of an ac- 
curate, verifiable knowledge of history. 

But once we begin to teach the truth 
about history, we must also teach the truth 
about the causes of war. A dispassionate 
investigation of war guilt discloses that in 
almost every case the masses of a belligerent 
nation are the victims of a pernicious propa- 
ganda, disseminated by a small m'nority of 
selfish, unprincipled chauvinists who desire 
war for personal gratification or private gain. 

It is now admitted that no authenticated 
case of German soldiers cutting off little 
children's hands has been found. The myths 
of the German " corpse factory " and of the 
crucified Canadian have been exploded. 
These lies were deliberately manufactured to 
arouse the common people to a fury of 
hatred. The falsehoods have been disclosed, 
but that hatred is still at work. The masses 
need to know how they have been victimized, 
in order that they may be prepared for 
the future. 

They also need to know the truth about 
the real nature of war itself. For centuries 
the childhood of the race has been taught 
that war is glorious. War has been made 
synonymous with courage, chivalry, and 
nobility of character. The militarists are 
still continuing to foster that false ideal 
among our youth, but they never represent 
the whole truth. Reference is never made 
to the battlefield stench of rotting fragments 
of men, to the inevitable harvest of broken 
bodies and disordered minds, to the suffer- 
ings of widows and fatherless children, or to 

the moral decadence, that inescapable com- 
panion of war. 

War is generated by lies, steeped in in- 
humanity, and followed by sin, suffering, and 
sorrow. This is the truth about war, and 
an educational program for peace must teach 
it to all the world. 

But even though we teach the truth about 
history and the truth about war, our work 
is not complete until we go still further and 
teach the positive, constructive truth about 
humanity itself. The world needs to realize 
the essential worth of individual personality. 
We need a vision of the boundless possibil- 
ities of cooperative effort. We need to learn 
that mankind is of one blood and should be 
of one brotherhood. 

Unfortunately, truthful information on the 
oneness of humanity is not yet overly abun- 
dant. There is, however, one reliable and 
inexhaustible source of truth on this subject. 
That is the message of the Christ, a message 
(Continued on Page 60) 

Margaret Belle Spangler, winner of third place 


The Missionary Visitor 


Is China All Unworthy? 


THE questions are often asked in these 
war times, " Does it pay, after all, 
to work in China?" '-'Will our labors 
not all be lost?" "The foreigner might 
about as well leave. What can he do now?" 
It is true the war lords are doing all they 
can to disturb China and are decidedly up- 
rooting some fixed ideas, both in the mission 
and in the national church. But one who 
discerns closely can see the hand of the 
Lord in some of this table-turning. As the 
nationals are spilled over they are jolted 
into a new strain of thinking, and as they 
pick themselves up they find the missionary, 
too, is thinking and acting differently. As 
they have time to think they see their duties 
and responsibilities as never before. They 
are going to rally to their task and make 
us glad we had a little part in helping 
them get started. 

I have been back in the field now just one 
month; and as I had a chance at Tientsin 
and Peitaiho to think and pray apart from 
the Chinese, so now I have a chance out 
in the village to think and pray apart from 
the missionary body. There is good com- 
ing from it. These people are becoming 
active as never before. Persecution is the 
result on the part of some outsiders ; oppo- 
sition to us foreigners also exists, but most 
prominent of all is the way the villages are 
interested in Christianity and are active to 

to China 

embrace it as never before. The evangelists, 
without exception here, are working and 
thinking more than in the past. They are 
coming into a consciousness that this is 
their work for their people. 

Last winter in one village there was but 
one Christian home. They seemed to meet 
much opposition. They sent a note to me 
at New Year's time, asking me what to do 
in the face of such opposition when they 
were being urged by the village elder to 
burn incense in the temple as before. I 
sent back a note of comfort, showing that 
I was deeply interested and would pray to 
God to direct them as to what to do. I 
soon left here and was called to Tientsin, 
and so heard nothing more until now. On 
visiting that village again, imagine my sur- 
prise and joy at finding the whole village 
favoring Christianity. The village elder even 
wants a Christian school there. For the eve- 
ning service, after a hard day in the harvest 
fields, about twenty came to worship. I 
could not but bow my head and thank the 
Lord for caring for his own. He will com- 
plete the work he starts. I found a little 
group of children and adults able to sing 
well a number of hymns to Chinese tunes. 
The evangelists were working in my ab- 
sence. It touches my heart and gives me 
more enthusiasm to see such interest. It 
(Continued on Page 64) 

■■■H&:. . lMHi»te> u 

Ready for a Tour in Country Evangelistic Work 


The Missionary Visitor 

The Italian Mission 


Orlena Wolgemuth 

FIRST of all I want to thank my Heav- 
enly Father that he brought me here 
in answer to the prayers of Brother 
and Sister Allegri and the Mission Board. 

Brother and 
Sister Allegri 
have served the 
mission for sev- 
eral years. The 
field is a needy 
one and I re- 
joice that the 
Lord has placed 
me here. 

In the midst 
of its surround- 
ings the church 
stands like a 
lighthouse. A 
young Italian 
girl, a telephone operator in New York City, 
had been almost hysterical by a condemna- 
tion pronounced upon her, but the Lord 
led Bro. Allegri to visit three families, 
among which this one was an attentive lis- 
tener. She shed tears of joy because of the 
good news that he brought. The next day 
I was privileged to visit her and I had a 
thrill, such as the world knows not of, in 
telling of the Way of Life to one who drank 
it in so eagerly. She came to Sunday-school 
the next Sunday and became a member of 
Sister Allegri's Sunday-school class. I shall 
never forget how attentively an Italian hus- 
band and wife heard about Jesus and his 
love for the first time. 

Many Gospels and tracts have been dis- 
tributed to the families in the tenements 
along this street. Very often no results are 
seen, but as surely as God lives his Word 
will not return unto him void. Years after 
this there is likely to be fruitage. 

The Sunday-school gives the light of life 
to the children. In my class are the smallest 
ones of the school. These eight or ten be- 
ginners, with their dark, shining eyes, close 
them to. pray for their mothers and fathers, 
and little Jean is sure that Jesus answered 
her prayer. From January to June we had a 
children's hour on Friday at four o'clock. A 

Bible story was told and pictures of foreign 
lands were shown. 

Out of the need it has come to pass that 
the children and I have a children's church 
downstairs, while the adults are enjoying 
the message of the pastor upstairs. The 
parents are glad to come to worship when 
they are freed from the responsibility of 
watching their children during that time. 
The children are learning English in school, 
and are delighted with a Bible story in Eng- 
lish rather than a sermon in Italian. Some 
of the boys and girls have learned the Beat- 
itudes and the first Psalm. They pray about 
their childish problems, and I am sure that 
blessings are coming to this mission because 
the children are praying. Sometimes chil- 
dren from the streets find their way to our 
group and we are always glad to have them 
join us. Last Sunday evening one of the 
Sunday-school boys brought two strange 
boys with him. On Feb. 21 nine newcomers 
worshiped the true God with us. Some- 
times these children come to make a dis- 
turbance. It is beautiful to see the regular 
attendants sit quietly and pay no attention 
to those who try to distract them. They say 
they are following the Master, and they pray 
that these others may be given the grace to 
do so, too. One time a boy who had turned 
out the light in the entrance and was trying 
to do mischief, had his attitude changed so 
completely that he sat still to the end of the 
meeting, and then asked to have his name 
put down as a member of the children's 
church. Praise God from whom all blessings 
flow ! The Holy Spirit is the mighty Power 
that works in the hearts of young and old. 
Please pray for us. Your prayers will cause 
marvelous things to come to pass at this 

" The Maple Grove church has been fav- 
ored with a summer pastor the last two sum- 
mers. These pastors are doing very com- 
mendable work. If the summer pastors are 
samples of the product of our schools, more 
good pastors will soon be in the field for the 
Church of the Brethren." — C. A. Pearson, 
Stanley, Wis. 


The Missionary Visitor 

Februai y 

Notes from Our Fields 


After rereading Dahanu news in the 
October Visitor read this : Vesta's wife and 
little daughter, after a few days, returned 
again to the mission compound. Vesta took 
every opportunity to go and help his father 
on the farm during the busy season. A 
short time afterward his stepmother became 
very ill. They called in their witch doctor 
to cast out the evil spirit, but she got no 
better. The sick woman's brother, a serv- 
ant of the mission, said the doctor was to 
be called. Dr. Nickey and a nurse went out, 
were gladly welcomed into the home, and 
advised further procedures. That is, asked 
for her to be brought to the hospital. The 
next day she came, not to the hospital, but 
to her brother's house, and remained over 
two weeks for treatment. As a token of 
thanks the husband, Vesta's father, sent to 
the doctor a basket of lovely custard ap- 
ples, a delicious fruit. This gift was appre- 
ciated very much, because it came from this 
home where less than a year ago there was 
hatred toward us. God is working in this 
family. Pray that Vesta's wife will soon be 
willing to make the step toward Christ. 

The tetanus case remained forty-four days 
in the hospital, then went home well and 
thanked God for her recovery. Her hus- 
band read the New Testament and " Pil- 
grim's Progress " while waiting at the hos- 
pital. Seed was sown in their hearts, we 
know. May it never die, but continue to 

Oct. 21 we welcomed Miss Blickenstaff, 
who just returned from furlough. She and 
Miss Roop took over the work at once. 
Each day has been a busy one for them, as 
the hospital has been quite full. 

Nov. 16 the touring medical motor made 
its first trip into the district. Dr. Metzger 
reports thirty-two patients on this first trip. 
An Indian nurse and Bible woman go with 

Liao Chow 

We are receiving regular correspondence 
from the Chinese brethren, and have tried 
to give them direction and encouragement 
during our absence. They have gotten a 
course of training in depending on them- 
selves that they could not have learned with 
our presence, so that the absence of the mis- 
sionary is a blessing in disguise. The 
churches on Paul's missionary journeys all 
matured in his absence. He labored with 
them a little while and then left them to 
themselves for longer periods. Jesus told 

his disciples that it was necessary that he 
leave them for a while, when he promised 
the Comforter. The principle is the same 
the world over. Christians grow and prosper 
when they are put on their own responsi- 
bility. The same is true of churches. 

We have just received from the brethren 
a letter that was thirty days on the way, 
whereas, in normal times, it should come 
through in four or five days. Mail service 
is completely cut off, so that the postal 
authorities route the mail way out of us 
course in order to get out of Shansi. Bro. 
Chang and the workers there have planned 
for the yearly routine of specials, to be held 
the first day of November, and invited either 
Bro. Yin or Bro. Crumpacker of Pingting- 
chow to help them. Bro. Crumpacker came 
and helped in a two days' leaders' class. 
Thirty odd were in attendance, and they 
report a good time and a great deal of 
spiritual inspiration. 

On the 6th of November, Sunday, seventy- 
three brethren and sisters gathered in the 
boys' school-building for communion. Bro. 
Crumpacker officiated at this meeting. The 
hall was filled with communicants and vis- 
itors. Then for ten days Bro. Chang and 
the evangelists held a Bible class for in- 
quirers. A number of villages were repre- 
sented. A number of stragglers were there 
but when the meeting closed there were 
fifteen who had gathered. At these classes 
the teachers from the girls' and boys' schools 
also gave assistance. 

The Bible women of the city are about 
their work as usual. They report thirteen 
women in their homes who have volunteered 
and requested to be taught. On account of 
this we are very much encouraged. The 
Woman's Bible School has been moved up 
to the court adjacent to the girls' school, so 
as to get the work nearer together. The 
Chinese are somewhat nervous these days 
and so prefer to keep close together. The 
school does not report how many they have, 
but there is a school going. 

The Liaochow district has had no irregu- 
larities to date, but they are in much anxiety 
over what may befall the province. The cost 
of living has increased very greatly and food, 
grain and coal are hard to get, not so 
much because they are not in the country, 
but there are no animals to carry them. 
The military have commandeered all the 
large animals, so that the Chinese cannot 
move their products. The mission is out of 
coal, and uses some of its own carts to 
take it away from the mines, when the price 


The Missionary Visitor 


is twice what we pay for it in normal times. 
The stores will not receive our checks, and 
the station is hard up for money. It is a 
problem to know what to do next, and what 
will have to be done if the country goes still 
farther into war. 

Woman's Country Work, Liaochow 

Word has just come through from Sister 
Senger, who says : " If ever the Christians 
needed our sympathy and love, they need it 
now. I have made a twenty-day trip in a 
litter — long distances. It is pathetic beyond 
words how they have longed for me. The 
folks can hardly bear to have me out of 
their sight for fear I will be grabbed up 
by somebody and not get back. Money 
is scarce. I am living on a debt being paid 
me by a Chinese. Otherwise I have no 
money. A rich home in Chin Chow, how- 
ever, promised me that if I come to them 
in need I shall not suffer." 

church work. May the Lord bless them in 
their efforts to propagate the Gospel in 
these trying times. 

Shou Yang 

Word from the evangelists at Shou Yang 
indicate that they are well received in the 
villages. There is considerable unrest and 
uncertainty manifest among the village peo- 
ple, due to the present tense military situa- 
tion in Shansi. 

The local evangelists conducted an inter- 
esting enquirers' class from Nov. 13 to 18. 
The first three days the attendance was 
small, but by the end of the week there 
were twenty or more enrolled. The interest 
was excellent. Nov. 19 Bro. Crumpacker 
came over from Ping Ting and baptized six- 
teen dear souls into the kingdom. There 
were seven men, four schoolboys, two 
women and three schoolgirls. 

Liao Chow 

Laura J. Shock 

Work has been going on in the station 

very much as usual this fall. We are pretty 

well cut off from the outside world, but are 

busy and happy at home. 


The Girls' School teachers, together with 
Miss Shock, are visiting in the homes of 
the city after school hours whenever pos- 
sible. They have been very well received 
everywhere they have gone so far, even in 
some homes that they were advised last 
spring not to enter, because of prejudice 
against foreigners. 

Bro. Crumpacker spent a few days with 
us last week, leading a retreat for the lead- 
ers of the church here. The meetings were 
well attended and very much appreciated. 
" Bro. Crumpacker can certainly move peo- 
ple's hearts," and " we ought to have meet- 
ings like these more often " are some of 
the remarks heard after the meetings closed. 
On Sunday evening following the retreat, 
Bro. Crumpacker led a communion service 
at the Boys' School. The local membership 
was very well represented, about 75 par- 
taking in the service. 

A Bible class for men and women is now 
in progress at the church, being led by 
Mr. Chang, our local pastor. A number of 
members and enquirers have come in from 
the out-stations to take advantage of these 


It is very gratifying to see the enthusiasm 
with which our Chinese membership takes 
on added duties and responsibilities in the 

The fall council convened on the afternoon 
of Nov. 19. There were fifty-two members 
present. Eld. Crumpacker presided. There 
was no special business. Two letters were 
received from the Ping Ting church. The 
church was reorganized for the coming year. 
Bro. Heisey was elected elder; Sister Neher, 
English secretary ; Bro. Lo I Tang, Chinese 
secretary; Bro. Chao Fu Ling, church treas- 
urer, and Bro. Ho Lieh Chen, recording 
treasurer and accountant. Other committees 
were appointed to carry on the work of 
the church. 


The church met for communion on Nov. 
20. Bro. Crumpacker officiated. Sixty sur- 
rounded the Lord's table and partook of 
the feast. 


Our Daisy Chains. The tomtoms thumped 
on all night; I could not go to sleep, so 
I lay awake and looked, and I saw as it 
seemed, this : At my feet was a precipice, 
of dizzy depth. Forms of people were mak- 
ing for the edge — a woman with a baby 
and a little child. She was on the very 
verge ; then I saw she was blind. She lifted 
her foot for the next step — and trod air. 
Oh, the cry as she went down ! More 
streams of people came following; they 
were all stone blind. I wondered with a 
wonder that was agony why no one stopped 
them. I saw a group of people under the 
trees. They were making daisy chains. 
Sometimes when a more piercing shriek rent 
the air it disturbed them and they thought 
it rather a vulgar noise. If one of their 
number started to get up another would 
pull that one down, saying, " Why should 
you get so excited over it? You have not 
finished your daisy chain yet. — Amy Wilson 


The Missionary Visitor 


i Op (Darkens* Qmntw 

The editor invites helpful contributions for this department of the Visitor 

The Jerusalem Missionary Conference 

From March 24, through Easter Day, April 
8, 1928, two hundred men and women, repre- 
senting Christians of every nation and race, 
will assemble on the Mount of Olives, out- 
side Jerusalem, for a meeting of the Inter- 
national Missionary Council, the member- 
ship of which has been enlarged for this 
meeting by increasing the representatives 
from mission fields. Two-thirds of the dele- 
gates are to be nationals from India, Africa, 
China, Japan and other mission lands. The 
declared purpose of the meeting is " to gain 
help in regard to those needs which are felt 
to be deepest and most pressing in the 
hearts, lives and work " of articulate Chris- 
tian groups around the world. In other 
words, the Jerusalem meeting promises to 
define afresh in terms acceptable to this 
generation and consistent with conditions 
and demands in every great mission area 
the aim, character and scope of our foreign 
missionary enterprise. The following sub- 
jects have been listed for the study and dis- 
cussion of Jerusalem delegates : 

(1) The Christian Life and Message in Relation to 
non-Christian Systems. (2) Religious Education. 
(3) The Relation Between the Younger and Older 
Churches. (4) The Christian Mission in the Light 
of Race Conflict, Industrial Developments and Rural 
Needs. (5) International Cooperation. — Missionary- 
Review of the World. 

1,000,000 Y. M. C. A. Members 

For the first time in the history of the 
North American Young Men's Christian 
Association Movement the total membership 
for the United States and Canada has ex- 
ceeded the million mark. The present figure 
is 1,005,714. The official roster for the 
United States shows a total of- -1,581 duly 
recognized associations with a membership 
of 961,754 which, with the addition of 43,960 
members in Canada, makes the total. The 
1,581 associations in the United States have 
453,048 voting members. Operating expendi- 
tures of the associations in the United 
States and Canada, together with their State 

and national agencies and services abroad 
for the past year, were $57,125,000 compared 
with $54,161,000 a year ago, and $21,919,000 
ten years ago.— Missionary Review of the 

The Indian on the Nickel 

Few people know that the representation 
of an Indian on the " buffalo nickel " is a 
likeness of a real person, living now. Still 
fewer know that he is an active member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He is 
fifty-four years old, John Two-Guns White- 
Calf by name, whose father, White-Calf, 
was a recognized chief and a leader in the 
Blackfeet tribe, ruling the whole northern 
part of Montana. Chief White-Calf once 
captured two guns from another tribe, and 
" Two-Guns," was thereafter prefixed to> 
his title, which he, in turn, gave to his son.. 
Since White-Calf's time the Blackfeet have 
had no wars, and John Two-Guns has never 
engaged in warfare. Like most Indians,, 
John Two-Guns worshiped the Great Spirit 
manifested by the sun. Not until he was 
fifty did the Christian Church succeed in 
gaining him as a member. On Easter Sun- 
day, 1923, he was baptized and received into 
the Church. — Missionary Review of the 

Religious Liberty in Turkey 

Absolute religious liberty in Turkey is 
guaranteed by the constitution of the repub- 
lic. This does not mean that the people as 
a whole approve this provision, nor that they 
would regard such a provision in case some 
Turk decided to become a Christian. The 
sentiment toward toleration is, however, 
forming rapidly and several Turks have 
recently accepted Christian baptism, and 
openly professed their faith in Christ. An 
illustration of the disharmony between the 
constitutional rights and public opinion ap- 
peared in connection with statements made 
by Hashim, a student in Robert College. In 
1926 he was brought several times before 


The Missionary Visitor 


the courts because of his Christian profes- 
sion, but the law was upheld, and he was 
released. In the newspapers' editorial com- 
ments little or nothing was said against 
Hashim, but much was said against the 
Y. M. C. A. as a proselyting agency. This 
bitter criticism suddenly ceased one day, and 
nothing was printed thereafter. It was 
learned that the cessation of discussion of 
the subject was the result of direct word 
from the Angora authorities. Hashim is 
now in America. Turkish leaders apparently 
expect the time to come when the Turkish 
people will tolerate the change of a man's 
religion from Moslem to Christian without 
danger of violence. — Missionary Review of 
the World. 


(American and European) 

Number of missionaries 

Number of mission centers 
Native staff 

Organized churches 
ther i 





Other preaching points 50,513 

Church members 3,614,154 

Total "Christian Community" 8,342,378 

Number of Sunday-schools 50,277 

Number Sunday-school pupils and teachers 2,535,726 

Number of colleges and universities 101 

Theological and Bible Schools 461 

Kindergartens 742 

Elementary schools 46,580 

High and middle schools 1,512 

Industrial schools 295 

Teacher-training schools 297 

Total pupils in all schools 2,440,148 

Number medical and nursing schools 91 

Number missionary doctors 1,157 

Number missionary nurses 1,007 

Number of native doctors 612 

Number of hospitals 858 

Number of dispensaries 1,686 

Total treatments yearly 11,548,808 

Total operations yearly 199,844 

& •£ 
The Greatest Home Mission Field 

The Metropolitan Area of New York en- 
closes more than one-twelfth of the life of 
the United States, while every year its 
financial institutions, department stores, 
amusement centers, and educational oppor- 
tunities attract approximately thirty-five mil- 
lion strangers. 

Of it, a writer in the National Geographic 
Magazine says : " Everything that relates to 
life in New York is of vast proportions. 
Four transits arrive every second, a pas- 
senger train comes into the city terminals 
every fifty-two seconds, and a ship clears 
every forty-two minutes. A child is born 
every six minutes, a wedding takes place 
every thirteen minutes, and a funeral is 

held every fourteen minutes. There is a real 
estate transfer every twenty-five minutes, a 
new building is erected every fifty-one min- 
uts, a fire occurs every thirty minutes, and 
every day more than three hundred people 
come to the city to live." This, of course, 
refers only to Greater New York and is by 
no means adequate for the entire Metropoli- 
tan Area. — The Missionary Review of the 

The Question Box 

In Southern Ohio we have a county B. 
Y. P. D. composed of about one hundred 
and twenty-five active young people from 
five churches of Preble County. We have 
quarterly meetings which we consider very 
worth-while, but we want to do something 
more helpful besides for mankind. We are 
wondering if there is any definite mission 
project, either home or foreign, that we as 
a county organization could sponsor. Of 
course we have our own mission activities 
in our local churches, but we thought we 
might be able to do more in this way. 
Very sincerely, 

Elizabeth Kiracofe, 

County B. Y. P. D. President. 

The project for the B. Y. P. D. for 1928 
is the evangelistic work of our India Mis- 
sion. It is the biggest project ever presented 
to the young people of our church ; $26,000 
will be needed. 

As this opportunity will take the combined 
strength of all of our B. Y. P. D. groups, 
I suggest your county organization should 
work on this task. While you will be work- 
ing at it as a county group, all congrega- 
tions will receive credit on their missionary 
quotas for what their departments do. 

A leaflet setting forth this movement is 
available for each of your young people. I 
am today sending you copies of the poster, 
" Evangelism in India," which you can use 
in visualizing this project. 

& J* 
Suggest a good missionary play for young 
people. The Color Line, a play about China, 
price 25c, is modern and worth presenting; 
3 male and 3 female characters. 


The Missionary Visitor 


1 928 Mission Study Books 


The Adventure of the Church: A Study of 
the Missionary Genius of Christianity, by 
Samuel McCrea Cavert, general secretary, 
Federal Council of the Churches of Christ 
in America, author of " Securing Christian 
Leaders for Tomorrow," etc. 

Sketches vividly the expansion of Chris- 
tianity, summarizes results of the mission- 
ary enterprise at home and abroad, analyzes 
new problems before the church throughout 
the world, and shows fresh applications of 
the Christian missionary spirit in the life 
of today. (Home and foreign.) 

Cloth, $1 ; paper, 60 cents. " Suggestions 
to Leaders," 15 cents. 

New Paths for Old Purposes: World 
Challenges to Christianity in Our Generation, 
by Margaret E. Burton, executive secretary, 
education and research division, National 
Board of the Young Women's Christian As- 
sociations, author of " Comrades in Service," 
" Women Workers of the Orient," etc. 

Shows the essentially missionary charac- 
ter of Christianity and emphasizes the duty 
to apply the missionary spirit to establish 
just conditions in industry, race relations, 
internationalism and all other relations of 
life. Brings out the necessity for coopera- 
tion between East and West in the develop- 
ment of the Christian church of the future. 
A shorter book than Dr. Cavert's. Full of 
concrete material. (Home and foreign.) 

Cloth, $1 ; paper, 60 cents. " Suggestions 
to Leaders," 15 cents. 

A Straight Way Toward Tomorrow, by 

Mary Schauffler Piatt, author of " The Child 
in the Midst," "The Heart with the Open 
Door," etc. 

Prepared especially for use by women and 
girls. Mrs. Piatt's book is of interest to all 
Christian women and will, in several trans- 
lations, initiate United Study Around the 
World — another step toward the Federation 
of Christian Women of the World. Shows 
how Christian influences are working to- 
ward a better tomorrow. Discusses child 
welfare, Christian homes, books and pic- 

tures, religious education, social progress and 
world wide friendship. Ready. (Foreign.) 

Cloth, 75 cents ; paper, 50 cents. " How to 
Use," 15 cents. 

The Story of Missions, by Edwin E. White, 
formerly missionary education secretary, 
Board of Foreign Missions, Presbyterian 
Church in the U. S. A. 

A short popular history of missions, home 
and foreign; valuable as an independent 
study book or for collateral reading with 
the books listed above. Written especially 
for young people, but equally popular with 
older and younger groups. Ready. 

Cloth, $1 ; paper, 60 cents. " Suggestions 
to Leaders," 15 cents. 


Our Japanese Friends, by Ruth Isabel 
Seabury, educational secretary, American 
Board of Commissioners for Foreign Mis- 

A new and enlarged edition of a popular 
manual of lessons for the use of leaders of 
juniors. Includes stories and practical sug- 
gestions for programs, activities, worship 
and study. Ready in July. 

Cloth, 75 cents. 


Kin Chan and the Crab, by Berthae Con- 
verse, missionary in Japan, and Mabel Gar- 
rett Wagner, specialist in primary methods. 

Interesting stories of Japan by Mrs. Con- 
verse, around which Mrs. Wagner has con- 
structed a series of lessons which have been 
actually tried out with a group of primary 
children. " Kin Chan," the heroine, will win 
the hearts of American children. Ready in 

Cloth, 75 cents. 

The lives which seem so poor, so low, 
The hearts which are so cramped and dull, 
The baffled hopes, the impulse slow, 
Thou takest, touchest all, and lo, 
They blossom to the beautiful. 

— Coolidge. 
Selected by Anna Lesh, Goshen, Ohio. 

That is rightly called wasted time which 
is spent neither in the service of God nor 
for the good of our neighbor. — Antonio 

M | 

id $ 









Can Do Miracles 










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Loyalty to Our Common Task Let Us Walk With Christ 

J. W. Lear 

FEBRUARY. The shortest month of the year. The last month of the fiscal 
financial year. Just one month to square ourselves with the Annual 
Meeting Budget. The Council of Promotion suggested $406,300 as the 
asking for this year. The Annual Meeting delegates at Lincoln raised it $2,- 
000. Up to December 31, just ten months of the year, the churches had sent 
in $199,271.29, or a little less than 50%' of the budget. 

Suppose we make February loyalty month and endeavor to close the 
year without regrets. To do this will require real sacrificial giving. Loyalty 
to Christ and his church begets sacrifice. The Master's whole life was one of 
service for others. Fellowship with him in suffering and loyalty to him on 
behalf of his program will produce success in this undertaking. 

We opened up missions in India, China, and Africa. We counted the 
cost and the Holy Spirit opened the way. These far-flung battle lines are de- 
pending on the church in America. It would bring disgrace both on the 
church and our Master to fail. We dare not do less than our best. If we all 
pull together, we cannot fail. 

February! The shortest month! Let us make it a red letter occasion! Je- 
sus died for these foreign brothers. His love should constrain us to carry the 
" good news " to them. Paul suffered the loss of all things, that he might win 
Christ and herald his cause. Such loyalty knows no 
defeat. If our hearts beat with the same devotion our 
response will be commensurate with our ability. 

February ! Loyalty ! 100',! 


Where Are We In 

Charles D. Bonsack 

CERTAIN questions relating to missions persist 
in coming up. Frequent magazine articles, 

newspaper reports and public reference to mis- 
sions, along with the present situation in China, make 
this quite natural. All of it tends towards confused 
thinking with many people. As we close our fiscal 
year the facts deserve consideration, which is attempt- 
ed in the following questions and answers. 

1 Why is there so much discussion of missions 
outside of Christian circles? Several things may con- 
tribute to this. First, because newspapers report 
much news that refers to missions and missionaries. 
Second, business has been interested in missions 
alone for the K^fit „( * ra A- ^^ an ^.\\;^ 


Facts to Face 

H. Spenser Minnich 

(J The 1926 Annual Meet ng at Lincoln, 
Nebr., authorized a general church program 
to cost $408,300 for the year ending Febru- 
ary 29, 1928. 

q For the first ten months, ending Decem- 
ber 31, we have rece*d $199,271. 

<jj The Church of ^Brethren accepts the 
great commission of 0Ur Lord. 

q We are convince|°f the worth of the 
Christian message- 

q Surely the wo^ •* home and abroad 
needs the Gospel of *«st. 

<| Let all the cong^ons register their 
best before the eo d f f February. Love, 
rather than coerc'l^Quld rule in this 

M. R. Zigler 

/\ dusty road and made his way through the crowded street, serving the 
* people of his generation, and so lived that his life is still the greatest 

challenge known to man. Two of the most dynamic words he uttered were, 
" Go ye." In obedience to this command thousands have gone forth, sacrific- 
ing their lives to herald the message of " Peace on earth, good will to men " 
in the name of Christ our Lord. 

In the Church of the Brethren there are many noble followers of Christ. 
Some have given their lives in actual service on the field, while others have 
labored on the farm, in the shop, the office, dedicating the returns of their ef- 
forts to the support of those who went. 

Those who have given as the Lord has prospered have done their full 
share in obedience to the call of Christ. Others who gave only a share of 
what ought to have been given, have necessarily limited the work of Christ in 
the world. Another group of members for some reason do not participate in 
the great missionary program of the Church of the Brethren. If it is possible 
for these to give and do not, it is an evidence that they do not believe in the 
missionary enterprise as inaugurated by Jesus Christ the Savior. 

General Conference the local congregations are welded in- 
to one great unit. Many congregations give liberally 
of their means. Some give only a small portion of the 
income represented in the local membership. An- 
other group do not help. 

The individual or the local congregation that 
gives liberally, according to the action of the church 
in promoting missions, in a large way makes our 
present program possible. The church or the indi- 
vidual who gives half-heartedly practically votes that 
we limit our missionary enterprise. The church or 
the local congregation that gives nothing, says, 
" Discontinue our mission work." 

We are in this business and we can not get out 
of it and be Christian. The need is beyond descrip- 
tion. The meeting of this need is determined by the 
will of the Christian people to pour out their lives in 

The record of 1927 and 1928 is fast drawing to 
a close. Time can not be turned back. As an indi- 
vidual and as a member of your congregation weigh 
the importance and influence of your decision. 


!P|l l|lHI|»!ll|«|lliaill|B|ll|«|ll|B|ll|B|i m 

ilSliilJiiUlHlJiilJiiLliilaliiUiitgirj p 

Shall We Back Up? 

about Western §lhs througn newspapers and hlms. 

They know the so-called Christian nations led in the 

World War, and they fear our aggressiveness tends towards imperialism and 

domination. Western commercialism has invaded these backward nations 

with similar results. This has led to the discussion of missions, pro and con, 

with varying degrees of wisdom, prejudice and ignorance of the facts. 

2. What changes have taken place? Only those growing out of the prog- 
ress of the work and the change of the times, as indicated above. Experience 
and progress always bring new points for attack and new methods of work. 
The doctrine of President Wilson in the World War, the " rights of nations," 
produced a spirit of nationalism in every land. Especially did the East become 
more sensitive of the West, but this only brings us to the proper emphasis of 
the Gospel of Christ in missions, which alone sustains any civilization in so 
far as it is civil. 

3. Will more missionaries be needed on the foreign field? Quite likely 
many more. Succeeding the war and the tide of nationalism that followed, 
many felt foreign missionaries would no longer be desired or needed. We are 
now wanting indigenous churches that are self-supporting and self-propagat- 
ing, rather than extensive Western institutions. The Christians in the well- 
established mission fields must now be helped to build such churches as they 
can support and in which those who hear the Word gladly can find a church 
home. This requires a new approach, patient sympathy, a knowledge of the 
thought-life of the people, and a conviction of faith in the Gospel that radiates 
life and hope and discovers ways and means for its perpetuation and growth. 
On the fields we asked this question about more missionaries. Almost always 
the answer was, " Yes, more, as long as they are sympathetic and helpful," or 
words of similar meaning. Experience teaches that six or seven missionaries 
must go out every year to maintain a working force of 100 active missionaries. 
Because of age, sickness, death, and other reasons, the number is thus re- 
duced on the average. 

4. What are the larger problems now on the mission fields? How to 

create a self-supporting and self-propagating church is one of the biggest. 
There are many others, such as creating a Christian literature with all the lan- 
guage difficulties, adaptation in buildings, establishing proper educational fa- 
cilities in harmony with government rights and duties, building right ideas of 
Christianity into their thought-life and customs, rendering help in the proper 
way to secure economic progress and independence, and many others that will 
challenge the finest Christian training, faith, and manhood we possess. 

5. What is the special trouble in China? It is the militaristic rivalry be- 
tween political leaders as they try to establish some form of democratic gov- 
ernment. It is similar to the problem of 
America of more than a hundred years 
ago with a very different background. 
Their situation has been complicated by 
the attention of outside nations with er- 
rors of unwise treaties and commercial 
aggression which is difficult to adjust 
now with no central government in 

China. (Continued on Last Page o) insert) 

pense not to exceed 

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Words Filled With Wisdom 

It is a fallacy to assume that the spirit and morale of our church can be 
counted on for a stationary work. We need continued activity and advance. 

r ! ^^[*l' ^ ^**l' ^ l'*l' ^ l* ^ l' ^ l''*l' ^ l'*l' ^ l**l' ^ l' l ''l' ^ l**l' ^ l ^ ' l l' ^ l**l' ^ l^^l ,^ l' l,l l' ^ 1^' l ^' ^ l**l' ^ 1^ ,l^ll ';™li«l™|gil™L»«l»*)« il»H'l»l«*fia ■ I » I ■ ■ I m I e ■ I m 1 ■ ■ I « m I f I ■ ■ I ^ I ■ ■ I — 1 1 ■ 1 M I ■ ■ I M I l ^^f^ 

CS ! ilaliila!iilBliilaliilaliilalMlBliilBliilaliiLlMlaliilalHlaliiLliilalMlali^iLliilaliilQliilB!iilJiilaliilalii!B!ii!BliiLliilaliiLliilaliilBliilaliLS 

I allege.-' i nere is sucn a possibiHTyV as is well evi- 
denced by commercial concerns that go that way, 
when they do not know when to put on the brakes. The Mission Board has 
been in about such a predicament. Heretofore budgets and plans have been 
made — yet with limitations — on a basis of " faith " in the support of the 
church which puts its O. K. on the engagement of new workers and the open- 
ing of new fields, instead of " works " with regard to actual money support. 
It seems timely to follow a different policy in the future. 

The Mission Board, different perhaps from other church interests, has 
large commitments, with a big personnel and building equipment all at long 
range in various parts of the world. The regular pay roll of several hundred 
American and native people is large. Ready adjustment by " hiring and firing " 
help according to the peaks and valleys of the giving of the church is not so 
readily made. Perchance the giving of the church in a short time should drop 
one-half or more. It could hardly be avoided that $100,000 would be spent 
before most of the work could be closed up and workers established in other 
vocations. But no one is thinking of closing up work already so creditably 
established after many years. " Faith is still strong in Israel." However, the 
foregoing shows how easy and unavoidable it is to have a deficit run up on us 
in a few months' time during which the income from the church is not up to 
average for the year. 

The real cause of our ever-continuing deficit is simply that we have b^en 
operating on a too small margin of cash resources. In 1921 the Mission Board 
had a surplus of $50,000. It might well have retained this as a working bal- 
ance. But pressure from certain groups in the church influenced the Board in 
the following years to expand. As it happened, an average of $12,000 annu- 
ally in the past five years was used in excess of income from living donors, 
from endowment and the Publishing House, etc. Hence a deficit of $10,000 
at the beginning of our present fiscal year. Again, so far this present year 
there has been disappointment in the giving of the church, which, along with a 
little larger budget than usual, has resulted in the largest deficit yet. 

From henceforth the Mission Board, as a matter of good business, needs 
to adjust its program to a different basis. No longer can it act on the blind 
faith that 120,000 people will raise the money that their delegates, after a 
pleasant trip to Annual Meeting, approve to be spent. 

It seems necessary to assume that the church for the time being has 
reached the saturation point in giving possibilities. It seems apparent that 
henceforth only such missionary work should be approved as involves an ex- 
hat the church has given in recent years for missions, 
th the Board must launch out in expansion work very cautiously, 
or to the extent that the church may 
create a surplus through increased giv- 
ing. Meanwhile an effort should be 
made to save out of receipts over a pe- 
riod of years enough to get back at least 
that $50,000 surplus of 1921. 

But has the church reached its 
limit in giving? No one knows how 

Last Page 

Photo by Clarei 

Esther Mae Helser and her 
Bura friends Yaharakari and 
Majim. The first named 
the wife of Dalta Bit 
of the first to become in- 
terested in the Gospel mes- 

Where Are We in Missions? 

(Continued from Previous Page) 

6. What effect has this situation in China on 
Christian missions? It develops a situation with 
at least three outstanding difficulties. First, 
our obligations to our government, which cau- 
tions against exposure to dangers in a country 
amid conflicting armies. Second, the impossi- 
bility of making any definite plans in such a 
state of uncertainty. Third, the duty of pro- 
tecting life and property, so far as possible, 
amid the. hordes of undisciplined and hungry 
soldiers over the country who are responsible 
to no government. To do our duty for Christ, 
whose Gospel more than anything else will help 
the situation, in the face of these problems is 
not always simple. 

7. What is the present outlook in China, es- 
pecially for our own field? No one can speak 
with authority on the future. It is the opinion 
of the writer that many years will elapse be- 
fore their political troubles are settled. This 
we feel should urge us on in the mission of 
Christ rather than to delay. The Gospel will 
be more needed and likely appreciated by the 
Chinese people amid these trials. The most of 
our workers at this writing are at their sta- 
tions,; working unmolested. Others are de- 
tained at the coast or elsewhere by military ac- 
tion between them and our field. We hope that 
before this is read they can return to their 

8. What is the greatest hope or evidence of 
progress in any mission field? There are many, 
indeed. Strong individual men and women who 
are miracles of the grace of God, the increasing 
number of families with men and women of 
actual Christian experience at the head of them, 
and the uplift of womanhood, all give great 
promise for the future. Already Christianity in 
India has more girls in school than either the 
seventy million Mohammedans, or the 240 mil- 
lion Hindus. The improved conditions of health 
and useful citizenship coming from the hospitals 
and schools, and different viewpoints of life 
and hope, show much to thank God for every- 
where. The radiating life of Christ affects 
politics, governments, and even other religions. 
No man can measure the effects of the rays 
of the Light of Christ when he is lifted up 
among the nations ! Life is bursting forth in 
new places with increasing power and hope! 

9. What can we do at home to help the work ? 
Take some active part in it. Believe, pray, give, 
or go, as the Lord may direct, but get in it in 
a way worthy of the cause and call of God. 
Nothing means as much to heaven or earth as 
a faith in the Gospel that enables us to give 
it to all men and nations for their hope and 
healing. Then let each of us so behave in love 

and peace, in righteousness and godliness, that 
our own nation may radiate no uncertain light. 
Every effort in evangelism, wholesome teach- 
ing, and Christian living, helps all around the 
world. There was never a more hopeful day for 
the Gospel. All of its problems are but those 
that come in the progress of it. Only faithless- 
ness and selfishness will postpone the triumph 
of his grace and kingdom! 

Shall We Back Up? 

(Continued from Previous Page) 

much it gives altogether, but government sta- 
tistics and those of such eminent economists 
as Prof. Irving Fisher, help us to believe that 
our church gives to the Conference Budget less 
than one-tenth of one-tenth of its annual in- 
come. After allowing for the larger part of its 
giving to local congregational needs, and to 
the colleges, does it not seem ridiculous that 
we give annually but $2.50 on an average per 
member to our national budget, and our per 
capita income not less than $300? We are still 
trailing the list among thirty denominations 
as givers to missions. We are as good as we 
are only because we let 11,000 of our members 
in seventy congregations pay 30 per cent of our 
budget. Their average is diluted much by 47,000 
of our members in 500 congregations who pay 
but five per cent of our bills. But this second 
group has an average membership of but ninety- 
four to a congregation, and many of these are 
for practical purposes " dying " or " dead " in 
spiritual activity. The balance of power, as to 
whether the church goes forward in response 
to the " Go ye " commission, or retrenches, lies 
with another group of 500 congregations with 
70,000 members. We know which these are, and 
that generally they are among our best estab- 
lished churches in the " Dunker " belts of 
Pennsylvania, Virginia, Ohio, and Indiana. If 
these alone would annually average per member 
but a paltry $1 more than at present, our im- 
mediate financial problem would be solved. Fu- 
ture expansion could then be controlled in the 
light of normal increase in giving by the church 
over a period of years. This should be expected 
if statistics are reliable. 

Now, to clear up some erroneous impressions 
that are said to exist : 

(1) That it costs too much to get the mis- 
sion dollar to work. Well, it costs one and 
one-half cents of it to have a treasurer and a 
bookkeeper to receipt, write checks and letters, 
and keep books. Who believes this is exorbi- 
tant or unnecessary expense? Then it takes 
normally about two cents of each dollar to 
maintain the General Secretary's office, and 
who would say the General Secretary is a para- 
site on the church? Who among us believes 


ra Hili ilBli ilBli ititt rati ilSn it^ 

|}| Send remittances to reach Elgin before February 28, so they will be | 

={= credited in the fiscal year just being closed. | 

Make checks payable to Clyde M. Culp, Treasurer. Send to 22 South |l| 
State St., Elgin, 111. 


The Missionary Visitor 


that a railroad can be maintained by section 
hands without a " boss " to represent the great 
corporation and execute its orders? However, 
it does cost about seven cents more to " pro- 
mote " the interests of missions, publish the 
free Missionary Visitor, and maintain the office 
of the Council of Promotion. If it could be 
foreseen that the church would not slump in 
giving, and might even improve in* this grace, 
everyone immediately interested would just as 
soon see these departments closed up. It seems 
to be our hum^n weakness, which makes nec- 
essary constant prodding to keep us spiritually 
awake to our full Christian obligations, that 
results in this extra seven-cent slice of our 

(2) That a Board with not far from $2,000,000 
in assets can somehow " get by " and continues 
to maintain a deficit as a flare. Let it be known 
that there are no assets on hand or in sight, 
nor any prospective outside income with which 
to cover the deficiency in giving of the church. 
The deficit is real! Most of the Board's assets 
are tied up as endowment, obligations to living 
annuitants, and other trusts. Not a penny of 
this principal money dare be touched regardless 
of how badly the church slumps in giving to 
current needs. 

(3) That too much money is spent in travel- 
ing by Board members and secretaries. Consid- 
ering the tasks the church has assigned these 
individuals, the money outlay is small indeed. 
Clergy rates, and special concessions by the 
railroads, granted frequently to heads of church 
denominations, make this expense but a small 
fraction of the total budget. 

(4) That sending a deputation to foreign 
lands costs more than it is worth, and is a 
pleasure trip at the expense of the church. Such 
trips are only in line with good business princi- 
ples that close supervision of field activities 
may be exercised intelligently by the Board 
which is charged by the church with tremendous 
responsibilities. Not a man yet deputized to 
go went without a reservation of reluctance in 
having to leave family and home and take a 
hazardous chance of never coming back. The 
majority of these men would have preferred 
personally not to go. However, about every so 
often some one has to make the sacrifice. 

(5) That high salaries are paid at Elgin 
headquarters. As salaries go, in a large city 
so close to Chicago, with high rents and living 
costs, our secretaries get no more than in gen- 
eral the numerous pastors in the city. It is 
impossible for any one on the pay roll of the 
church to get rich on his salary unless he choose 
to live the life of a miser. 

Let us not search for occasion to criticise. 
Let us bear with one another in our common 
task to make Christ a witness everywhere. Let 
us give more, cheerfully and not of necessity. 
Let us pray more, and earnestly, for all the 
workers in the harvest field of the world that 
they may be faithful, and that many souls won 
for Jesus be their and your reward. 

Missionary Projects 
for 1928 

B. Y. P. D. 

The Evangelistic work of the 
India Mission to cost $26,000 has 
been assigned to the young people 
of the church. The college stu- 
dents are taking their share. 

Junior Church League 

The medical work of the India 
field to cost nearly $ 7,000 is as- 
signed to the children of the church. 

All Other Groups 

The Share Plan of support is 
offered as a method by which any 
group in the church may help. By 
this plan a definite support is 
promised for a specific work on 
one of our fields. In return the 
contributors will receive letters of 
information about their work. 
Shares are issued in the work of 
Home Missions as well as from 
India, China and Africa. 

Money contributed by any of 
the foregoing plans gives conference 
budget credit to the congregation 
from which the support comes. 

Send for leaflets explaining these 
methods. Address 

General Mission Board 

Dept. E 

Elgin, Illinois 


The Missionary Visitor 



(Continued from Page 37) 

the others. Intellectual and spiritual ig- 
norance, poverty, superstition, and harmful 
social customs create the need for the med- 
ical missionary. Out of every 100 babies 
born in Bombay, India, sixty-six die. The 
annual death rate for the country at large 
exceeds 30 per thousand (*) as over against 
12 in Great Britain and America. The need 
for medical help is a constant pull on the 
heartstrings of a missionary. Just now there 
comes to the mind of the writer one who 
has performed a unique service in this field 
as a layman. Gifted with great natural 
ability, he has presented Christ through his 
medical ministrations. 

In 1923 there were in India and Ceylon 
100 medical missionaries, operating 701 hos- 
pitals and dispensaries, with 4,590 hospital 
beds. More than three million people re- 
ceived medical treatment. Who can meas- 
ure the influence of such a force? And 
aside from an evangelistic influence its own 
intrinsically Christlike service is a sufficient 

And so in evangelism, industrial training, 
education and medicine, one has the four- 
fold program of the foreign Christian enter- 
prise. The Christian program in other lands 
aims not only at individual conversion, but 
in a still larger way it seeks to embody 
and to generate the Christ spirit of human 
service and world brotherhood. Abundant 
testimony of its success is available. 

* " The Indian Outlook," Holland, page 149. 


(Continued from Page 41) 

of truth, of righteousness, of fair dealing, of 
meekness, of love. Down through the cen- 
turies has echoed its plea, " Little children, 
love one another even as I have loved you." 
In that message lies the final solution of 
humanity's difficulties, for Jesus, more pow- 
erfully than any other, has urged men to 
cease their strife and to seek in fellowship 
and cooperation the solution of their com- 
mon problems. Instead of division, Christ 
teaches the unity of mankind : and that is 
the third essential in our program of educa- 
tion for peace — the- truth about humanity. 

These, then, are the essential objectives 
of this plan to outlaw war by education: 
the truth about history, the truth about war, 
and the truth about humanity. 

But how are they to be achieved? In 
this program no agency is to be despised. 
The League of Nations, the World Court, 
treaties for the peaceful settlement of dis- 
putes, the efforts of the various peace so- 
cieties, and the power of the church should 
all be utilized in furthering this campaign 
of education. 

But the campaign must particularly seek 
to promote intercourse among the students, 
the scholars, and the social thinkers of all 
nations and races, for such intercourse is 
one of the greatest factors in promoting 
international good will. The best plan, 
embodying a definite and competent program 
toward this end, is the plan, suggested in 
substance by Dr. Kurtz and others, of build- 
ing an international university at The Hague 
or at Geneva. 

The purpose of this institution would be 
to provide comprehensive courses for- the 
teachers of social science the world over. 
Scholarship requirements would lead every 
nation to send all its leading professors of 
history, political science, economics, and 
sociology to this university before they could 
be considered fully prepared for their work 
at home. In the spirit of international and 
interracial fellowship, rising spontaneously 
out of the nature of such a group, they 
would seek to determine the absolute truth 
in relation to the various problems of world 
harmony. They would seek the truth about 
history, about war, and about humanity ; 
and when they returned to their work in 
their own countries they could not help 
but become the proponents of international 

The problem of finance, ordinarily an 
extremely difficult one, could be solved in a 
satisfactory manner. At present we have 
before us the prospect of an endless con- 
troversy over the war debt. Whether it be 
canceled as the debtor nations desire or 
paid according to the wish of the creditors, 
the money involved is likely to be used for 
militaristic purposes ; and either arrange- 
ment is sure to generate ill-will in some 
quarter. Then why not use the money for 
peace instead? Why not use it to launch 

(Continued on Page 51) 



The Missionary Visitor 


Evangelistic Work in the Home Land 

WHILE in pastoral work at Spring- 
field, Ohio, during the summer of 
1925, Brother and Sister S. Z. Smith 
received a call from the General Mission 
Board to give their time during the summer 
of 1926 to mission work in the Southland. 
Early in February, 1926, they began at Fruit- 
dale, Ala., and continued in ten and twenty- 
one days' meetings at Citronelle, Ala., Roan- 
oke, La., and Rosepine, La. From here they 
went to North St. Joseph and Essex, Mo. 
Six churches were visited in evangelistic ef- 
forts, while in passing several other churches 
were visited. They -drove 5,030 miles, visited 
in 653 homes, visited and gave public talks 
in twenty-seven schools, attended seven love 
feasts, administered six anointings, visited 
and had prayer in ten homes. Fifty-four 
were received by baptism, and six re- 
claimed. Besides this, Sister Smith had a 
class of Juniors in Bible readings and con- 
tests in nearly all of the churches. In these 
a wonderful response was given. Letters 
have been received from these churches, 
from Bro. Smith, and by the General Board, 
stating that the meetings have increased their 
attendance at Sunday-school and church 
services in a very marked way. 

During the months February to August, 
1927, they visited fifteen churches in the 
South and East. Meetings were held in the 
following churches : Piney Flats, Johnson 
City, Boone's Creek, Knob Creek, all of 
Tennessee ; George's Creek, Cherry Grove, of 
Maryland; Pleasant Valley, Shiloh, Valley 
River, and Bethany, of West Virginia. Num- 
ber of sermons, 315; baptisms, 158; visits, 
951 ; total miles driven, 10,659. 

The South field is needy; it is ready for 
the sickle. The Eastern field is already tak- 
en, but needs reviving, and the greatest lack 
just now in many instances is live and ag- 
gressive leadership. There are many fine 
young people just ready to follow if given 
encouragement in their activities. Brother 
and Sister Smith say that no greater-hearted 
folks live than those in the South and East 
where they have been. Who will be ready 
to develop this great people in real church 
activities, such service as will save souls? 

Bro. Smith expresses the following con- 
viction : " Some fields can be wisely worked 

in ten days; others need three and four 
weeks. It always resulted in a sad truth, that 
ten days was too short a time to do the last- 
ing work which should be done in some of 
these new fields. A leading up to real 
foundation work can not be done in connec- 
tion with evangelistic work in ten days. We 
believe less territory should be considered 
and a more thorough work be done in each 
field. There is a time for natural seed and 
harvest, and there is also a seasonable time 
for a soul. Often, just at the time of the very 
gathering, because of close-scheduled pro- 
gram the meetings must close and perad- 
venture not in the lifetime of a soul will 
there be such an opportunity again, because 
of burning convictions which, just then, need 
to be fanned into a glow of real conversion 
and regeneration. 


(Continued from Page 50) 
this educational program centering around 
the international university? Let the United 
States take the initiative ; let the European 
powers feel that they are in this manner 
making a contribution to a worthy cause; 
let the whole plan seek the friendship and 
support of all nations. 

Friends of the cause of peace, if the next 
generation yields when that periodic war 
temptation comes, the world will be plunged 
into the most deadly war of history. It will 
be a war fought with poisonous gases, ter- 
rifically destructive explosives, and virulent 
disease germs. Destruction of life and 
property will not be confined to the battle- 
field. Noncombatants, innocent women and 
children, our own loved ones among them, 
will be the objects of intentional attack. 

Of what vital importance is it, therefore, 
that war and all its adherents be outlawed 
before that catastrophe can come. We can 
realize our hopes only through a program 
of world-wide education against war ; a pro- 
gram to dispel ignorance, prejudice and 
deceit ; a program to teach every man to 
see and act Upon the truth ; a program 
founded on the principles of the meek and 
lowly Nazarene. The welfare of the world 
depends on that program. It must not fail. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Nora M. Rhodes 


News from Women's Missionary Societies 


THE Woman's Missionary Society at 
Lanark, 111., meets the second Thurs- 
day of each month, 2 P. M. We 
are using the book, " A Straight Way To- 
ward Tomorrow," for a study book this 
year, and we follow the outline in the Visitor 
pretty closely, with an idea of our own now 
and then. We have special music, a reading 
or some miscellaneous program at each 
meeting. We serve at each meeting not 
more than three articles of food, such as 
sandwiches, pickles, and coffee. Each one 
pays ten cents each time we meet. This 
goes into the treasury and does not pay for 
the lunch. Our hostess in whose home we 
meet is assisted by two others who help 
furnish the lunch. 

We quite often serve the alumni banquet 
for our high school, and sometimes the 
united Fathers and Sons' banquet for all the 
churches. Bake or food sales are quite 
popular in our town and give every member 
a chance to contribute, and always bring us 
good returns. We have helped our own 
church by helping to finance the redeco- 
rating of the interior, buying knives and 
forks and some needed dishes ; also an in- 
dividual communion set. We gave liberally 
to the General Mission Board, to the flood 
sufferers and we gave the Fresh Air Chil- 
dren of Chicago two weeks in the country 
at Silver Creek, 111. We gave all the Sun- 
day-school scholars up to the juniors 25 
cents to invest and increase for Africa 
mission work. 

We have a visiting committee of three 
who visit the shut-ins and sick each month 
and report their visits at the following meet- 
ing. They take fruit or flowers, to be paid 
for by the society if they choose. This 
committee is composed of different ones 
each month. We have placed the Mes- 

senger in homes that could not take it. 
We have a good attendance at each meet- 
ing and we hope much good has been and 
will be done. Mrs. Ben Matheas. 


About five years ago a Women's Mission- 
ary Society was organized in the First 
Church of the Brethren at South Bend, Ind. 
Many of the sisters of the congregation, 
realizing that the time spent in the Ladies' 
Aid Society was too brief to be divided be- 
tween practical work and any very ex- 
tensive study of missionary problems and 
conditions, urged the forming of the new 
society. This was effected in January, 1923. 
Since then the meetings have been held on 
the first Thursday of every month. 

There is no membership list, other than 
that every sister of the congregation is 
considered a member, helping to shoulder 
the great task of the church missions. The 
organization has been a very simple one. 
The president, assisted by the other officers, 
appoints chairmen of social, program, and 
devotional committees. The president is a 
member of the program committee. By 
including the chairman of the devotional 
committee on the program commitee, the 
devotions can be made to harmonize better 
with the work of the afternoon. The pro- 
gram committee has full charge of planning 
the work for the year. The social chair- 
man sees that some one is selected to make 
and serve tea and act as hostess if the 
meetings are held at the church rather than 
in the homes. 

During the first year, besides the study 
of various missionary needs, the book, " The 
Vanguard of the Race," was studied. One 
meeting was given to the making of six 
layettes for our missionaries to use for the 
Chinese babies. A local organization was 


The Missionary Visitor 


assisted in like manner. The following 
years much time was spent studying the 
different mission points of our own church 
and the biographies of the workers on the 
fields. It has been a real privilege to have 
at different times addresses from mission- 
aries home on furlough. 

This year we are following the programs 
found in the Missionary Visitor from month 
to month, for this winter's work, and find 
them very helpful. 

The society has interested itself also in 
local conditions. Talks have been given by 
the leader of the local Rescue Mission; a 
worker in a Negro community house and 
herself a Negro; and leaders in other local 
missionary soc.'eties. 

Each year the society has sponsored a 
Mothers and Daughters' banquet. This pro- 
vides one evening meeting that the younger 
children and working girls may attend. 
Everything possible is done to make the 
meal dainty and attractive and the program 
interesting and instructive. In May, 1927, 
Sister Frank Crumpacker was the principal 
speaker, and music was furnished by the 
younger sisters. One meeting during the 
summer is Children's Day, when the pro- 
gram is entirely the work of school-age 
children. Recitations, playlets, and music 
of a missionary type are used. This is done 
to keep little minds thinking along mission- 
ary lines. 

The society has allied itself with the other 
m'ssionary societies of the city through the 
Federated Missions, and thereby is able to 
keep in touch with and help financially with 
the home missionary needs. Our society has 
also supported a child of a foreign mis- 
sionary family, raising $100 yearly for this 
purpose. The finances have always been 
free-will offerings. Perhaps regular dues is 
a good plan to secure funds, but here the 
Lord has found hearts to work through, and 
there has never been a lack of funds for 
any work that has been undertaken. 

Whatever the kingdom may have gained 
financially through the societies' labor has 
been more than repaid in added inspiration 
and enthusiasm for missionary work. Only 
in the measure that we put ourselves into 
a labor of love are we able to receive a 
reward. Mrs. C. M. Yoder, Pres. 


The Tyrone Missionary Society was 
started and organized on April 24, 1927. 
Feeling the need of a society, nine women 
met and decided that the Tyrone church 
could do its bit in the missionary line of 
work, if we would just make up our minds 
to do so. We elected officers and decided 
to hold our meetings the third Thursday of 
each month at the church, each member 
paying dues of 10 cents each month. Our 
leaders are chosen alphabetically, and we 
open our meetings with a devotional period, 
which consists of the singing of songs, 
scripture reading, and prayer. After the 
devotional period, the subject which was 
chosen at the previous meeting is discussed. 
We do not have a special monthly mission- 
ary program to follow, but we have selected 
our subjects on the conditions in China, 
India, and Africa. We have studied the 
conditions and wants of our home missions 
and of our church missionaries at home and 
abroad. We never realized what interesting 
facts there were about missions until we 
had started a society, and we all look for- 
ward to the next meeting. After the dis- 
cussion of the evening has closed we hold 
our business session. We sometimes have 
special music or recitations, which help to 
make the meeting an interesting one. 

For the special missionary offering asked 
for by our Mission Board each year, we 
were able to contribute this year $12. We 
have not been able to decide on a name for 
our society, but hope to do so soon. Our 
society expects to put forth a special public 
program in the future, which will consist of 
a missionary play, entitled " Tired of Mis- 
sions," and some special music and readings. 
At this program we expect to lift a silver 
offering, which will be used where it is 
needed most. It may be in our home com- 
munity or elsewhere. We gave one basket 
donation to make some one happy on 
Thanksgiving Day, and were glad we could 
do this. 

Since the time of beginning the society, 
we have grown to a membership of 22 and 
we hope to gain others. If any church 
group is hesitating in starting a society, 
just take the Lord at his word and receive 
the blessings and help that are yours in his 
giving. Mrs. Marie Str.pleton. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Feb. 24, 1928 ■ 
An observance of the Day of Prayer for 
Missions will be held by women of prac- 
tically all the churches and in all countries. 
It is hoped that no individual woman and 
no society will fail to participate in its 
observance. The programs. " Breaking 
Down Barriers," may be ordered from the 
General Mission Board. They may be used 
as given or modified to suit local conditions. 
Start preparations for the meeting early. 
Price of program, 2c each, $1.75 per hundred. 


Text— A Straight Way Toward Tomorrow. 
Chapter 6 — World-Wide Friendship. 

1. Hymn — I Love Thy Kingdom, Lord. 

2. Scripture — Mark 9: 33-37, following with 
pps. 191-192. 

3. Prayer Period. 

4. Hymn— In Christ There Is No East Nor 

5. Current news on Peace Relations. See 
current papers ; Literary Digest useful. 

6. Let two women represent the two prin- 
ciples among the recognized cures for 
war. (1) Cooperation, pp. 199-206. (2) 
Education, 206-220. 

7. For closing read together the chapter 
on Love, 1 Cor. 13. 




" Now I beseech you . . . that ye 
strive together with me in your prayers to 
God for me." 

20 — Elizabeth Kintner, India, now on fur- 
23— Mae Wolf, India. 

28 — Sadie J. Miller, India, now on furlough. 
Pray for our missionaries. 


Specialized agriculture has grown and a 
large migratory population has come into 
existence. Laborers for the season are em- 
ployed who move from crop to crop as the 
season advances, making permanent homes 

impossible. The children are deprived of 
secular and spiritual education and of the 
better home influences. This constitutes a 
challenge for our Christian women. Women's 
organizations of twelve denominations have 
cooperated in this movement. In the eastern 
States they have put on programs from four 
to eight weeks, according to the local con- 
ditions. The cooperation of managers of 
eastern canneries has been helpful. The 
workers at the stations were college girls 
who responded to this opportunity for serv- 

The children responded to the teaching, and 
many times the mothers attended evening 
classes. Bible stories were told, verses were 
learned and gospels of Mark given to the 
children. Undernourished children received 
special attention and first aid was a daily 
occurrence. The daily program includes a 
day nursery, play-ground work, lessons in 
American citizenship, sanitation, home mak- 
ing and Christian living, with Bible stories 
and prayer. 

The latest development has been in the 
Northwest among the hop pickers and the 
apple harvesters in the Hood River Valley, 

The young people in the Alaskan canner- 
ies, the children in the beet fields of Colo- 
rado and Michigan all need this type of 

America for Me! 

" Just today we chanced to meet 
Down upon the busy street, 
And I wondered whence he came, 
What was once his nation's name. 
So I asked him, ' Tell me true, 
Are you Pole or Russian Jew? 
English, Irish, German, Prussian, 
Belgian, Spanish, Swiss, Moravian, 
Dutch or Greek or Scandinavian?' 
Then he gave me this reply, 
As he raised his head up high, 
' What I was is naught to thee, 
In this land of liberty; 
In my soul, as man to. man, 
I am just American !' " 

Lost Opportunity 
A little in Christ's hand goes far. 
Yield thy poor best and muse not how or 

Lest one day, seeing all about thee spread 
A mighty crowd and marvelously fed, 
Thy heart break out into a bitter cry: 
" I might have furnished, I, yea, even I, 
The two small fishes and the barley bread!" 
— Frederick Langbridge. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 

My dear Son : 

I hear you have a dog Wag-Wag. I am 
glad you have a pet. Take good care of him 
and be kind to him. I hear you have a mite 

I hope you have lots of money for it. 

I must tell you about the music I have 
every night at my house. Every night a big 

comes and sits in the trees on the mission 
compound and calls, " Whooo-o whooo-o !" 
The boys do not like him very well. They 
want me to shoot him. But why should I 
get up out of bed to shoot my nice, friendly 
owl visiter? 

Then I have a whole band that plays 
music for the owl's singing every night. They 
are the 

They live in the river, and how they do 

play ! Booom-booom-booom. The big ones 
blow and the little ones go " Burrr-burrr- 
burrr." Sometimes I think there are a mil- 
lion pieces in the band. It makes real bush 

Have you heard the katydids? Have moth- 
er tell you the story of the naughty fairy 
who broke the fairy queen's grass swing 
and tried to blame it on Katy. Maybe you 
will hear the katydids in the evening. 

Your Father. 


Remember how you ran out on the lawn 
after a nice, soft snow, made a ball with 
your fists, laid it down and rolled it over 
and over, this way and that, and it got 
bigger and bigger, until the lawn was nearly 
licked clean, and you had a ball so big 
you could hardly push it any more? 

That's what these Junior Leaguers have 
been doing, figuratively speaking. But the 
dollars they have rolled up are not just "in 
your mind," by any means ! Read the fol- 
lowing reports, and see how the ball has 
been rolling from coast to coast. Did it 
cross your lawn? Can you think of any 
finer fun than the whole gang hurrahing 
over the healthy sport, each eager to pat 
on an extra handful? 

The Mission Rooms are steam heated, and 
Africa is a hot country, but the only thing 
that will melt in the transaction will be 
the hearts of the Black Brothers, and those 
who are reaching out hands to them. Then 
they will run together, and make one spirit, 
one blood, one brotherhood, with one Lord 
over all ! Aunt Adalyn. 

-J* £ 
Oakley's Offering 

Here is what the children in the primary 

department have done for the Black Broth- 
ers. Dec. 11 they gave a splendid program 
and sang a song and as they marched 


The Missionary Visitor 


around they dropped their earnings in the 
basket, all looking happy and glad for the 
chance to help somebody. Over twenty 
dollars were earned. Some of them picked 
berries, some raised chickens, some ducks, 
and some helped in the harvest field. [A 
list of 23 names was enclosed.] 

Mrs. Mattie E. Blickenstaff. 

Cerro Gordo, 111. 

Valiant Virdenites 

Mrs. H. B. Martin, superintendent of the 
primary department, Virden, ■ 111., writes : 
" Please find enclosed $20.50 for Our Black 
Brothers. We have been working and 
praying for the work in Africa." Appended 
were the names of twenty children and their 
respective teachers. Look at their pictures ! 

Check From the Cave 

Please find check which represents the 
offering of our Juniors to the Junior League 
African Fund for 1927. By enlisting the aid 
of the Primaries they were able to raise 
$60.80. Of this amount $23.56 was given by 
the Primaries and Beginners. The Juniors 
challenged the B. Y. P. D. to a race in 
raising funds and so far they are far in the 
lead. All the B. Y. P. D. funds for Africa 
have not been collected. 

Weyers Cave, Va. Ernest B. Craun. 

Chums on the Coast 

Enclosed you will find $25.00 from the 
Junior Department of the Empire Sunday- 
school to be applied to the Black Brothers 
Fund. O, the joy it gives us to see the in- 
terest these boys and girls take in our 
missionary work! We use the first Sunday 
of each month as Missionary Day, taking 
up a freewill offering each time. Some- 
times we forget to announce it the previous 
Sunday, but the children don't forget. 

Empire, Calif. Mrs. Maude Frick, Supt. 

Magnanimous Marylanders 

We have had a very pleasant time study- 
ing about our Black Brothers and raising 
money for them that they may know "Jesus 
loves them too." We gave a program at 
the close of our work. Our Junior, Primary, 
and Beginners' studied together. This group 
raised sixteen dollars. The Intermediate 
group studied under the direction of Miss 
Ruth Main. Their offering was $11.55. 

Mt. Airy, Md. Helen Main. 

Friendly Freeburgers 

Inclosed find check for $146.50 for Black 
Brothers Fund, from Freeburg Sunday- 
school, N. E. Ohio. We gave fifty cents 
apiece to twenty-seven scholars to invest 
and bring the increase. Primaries, 9 pupils, 
brought $54.50; one Junior class, 6 pupils, 
$32.00; another Junior class, 12 pupils, $44.00; 
collected on Children's Day, $16.00. 

Paris, Ohio. Amanda Shidler. 

Sprouted Seeds From Salem 

To five members of our J. C. L. for 1927 

I gave one cent each the first of June. One 
little girl earned $1.30 in three months, sell- 
ing flower slips ; another made 25 cents ; 
another, 10; another, 5. One returned the 
one cent. The J. C. L. made nine dollars 
to be sent to Africa: of this, $2.18 is the 
V. B. S. offering; $1.85 offering taken at 
picnic; $2.50 selling bookmarks; $1.60 made 
from one cent; $.87, offering. 

Salem, Va. Mrs. O. D. Eller. 

Industrious Ulinoisans 

You will find enclosed a picture of the 
children in the Junior League who gave a 
penny every Sunday since June, for the 
Black Brothers Fund. They are very 
anxious to have the little bank passed to 
them every Sunday. We did not start in 
time to make a big amount, but hope these 
few dollars will help a little. 

Lawrenceville, 111. Mrs. Dollie Elder. 

Pals on the Prairie 

Enclosed find $15.43, the money the chil- 
dren have saved this summer. One family 
of two boys ran errands, sold papers and 
rags, etc., and earned $5.00. They have a 
little sister about three years old and they 
put in one dollar for her. Some children 
who signed cards quit coming to Sunday- 
school, so there were not so many who 
earned this money. Minnie Horsh. 

Lincoln, Nebr. 

Kindly Keys toners 

Enclosed find $10.00, which our class is 
sending for the children's work in missions 
this year. We planned to give a missionary 
talk to the Sunday-school each Mission 
Sunday, and we need the Visitor to help us 
with that work. You can send it to the 
treasurer of the Sunshine Class. 

Mrs. Carman Bowser, Teacher. 

Kittaning, Pa. 

A Soliloquy — by a Young Boy 

Well, it's been a busy summer for me, and 
here's what I have to show for it. Isn't 
that a pretty flock of chickens? Out of all 
the eggs mother gave me, only one didn't 
hatch. And what a cunning lot of little 
woolly yellow peepies they were ! They 
grew so fast that tiny feathers soon began 
to sprout on their backs. And then — their 
tails ! About half of them had weenty ones, 
hardly big enough to take hold of. But the 
other half had perky little quills that stood 
up and seemed to say, "Guess what I am! " 
I 'spected they were roosters, but I was sure 
of it when one morning I heard two or three 
of them do such a funny little crow. 

You can't make a mistake now. Those big 


The Missionary Visitor 


bronze fellows can waken the whole farm 
early in the morning, and when they see me 
coming with a bucket of corn, they nearly 
fall over each other to get to me. I call 
them my crowing canaries. 

When I started out I had the idea of rais- 
ing chickens for the Lord — a regular mis- 
sionary flock. I put in lots of time, and 
never forgot to give them feed and water, 
and saw that they had good shelter, and 
they all seem to like me, and — come to 
think of it, I kind o' wish I could keep them. 
The eggs would bring me a lot of pin money, 
and I wouldn't need to ask dad and mother 
to buy things for me. But those fine fat 
roosters will have to be eaten some time, and 
I did promise the price of them to missions, 
but — it does seem like a lot to give away. 
I wonder if the Lord really expects so 
much from a little chap. I know lots of 
big folks that haven't given that much. 
Maybe I'd better not decide till tomorrow. 

Say, I've got a hunch that the devil is put- 
ting that notion into my head. Our minister 
says he has all sorts of smart ways to make 
people believe they are all right when they 
aren't. So I think I'll thrash out this long 
sword I found in Luke 4: 8: — "Get thee be- 
hind me, Satan." And I'll put this rooster 
money into an envelope and send it to the 
Mission Board right away, before I get cold. 

Aunt Adalyn. 


No, that wasn't the only race you'll ever 
run — crossing the 1927 tape for Africa. 
Take a long breath now, for the hurdles 
have been set for India. You have seen 
" His star in the East," and now you are 
hurrying to interpret its shining to the un- 
seeing millions in the Asiatic tropics. 

Your first point of contact will be with 
their diseased and aching bodies. You will 
send on happy ships " medicine men " who 
have prepared themselves for this very thing 
— to soothe, bind up, restore the broken 
natives who look around hopelessly for help 
and health. Through ministry to the body, 
the medical evangelist probes through to the 
soul, and many a pean of thanksgiving floats 
to the Master of miracles and the whole 
countryside takes on an aspect of peace and 

This is the project for the Junior Leaguers 
for 1928, beginning with March. The cost 
of India's medical work for the year will 
be in the neighborhood of $6,000 or $7,000. 
The money can be raised in ways similar 
to those of the past few years. The project 
will be closed up at the end of 1928. A 
leaflet on the Junior Church League will be 
sent if you ask for it. The book studied 
will be " The Junior League Brings Health 
to India," 25 cents. 

The study of " Our Japanese Friends " 
continues through January and February. 
Outlines are printed in Our Boys and Girls. 
This paper will also outline the India pro- 
gram. Topics for March are : March 4, A 
Grandmother of India Searches for the 
Doctor. March 11, A Junior League Visits 
Our Mission Hospitals in India. March 18. 
Faithful Christians in India. March 25, 
How We May Help in India. 


Dear Aunt Adalyn: I am sending a little money 
for the Black Brothers. It will be too late for 
Christmas, but will do for something else. I am 
a lonely little girl nine years old. My only brother 
died in May. He was fourteen years old, and I 
miss him so. My father and mother are living. I 
have no sisters. Voiletta V. Null. 

North River, Va. 

What a big, empty place it leaves when a four- 
teen-year-old boy drops out of the family life! And 
the only boy! I can easily see how "lost" you 
feel— no comrade, no childish sympathy, no jolly 
good times! But if he is now romping the heavenly 
meadows, let us try to be content that he is so 
happy. You will go to him some day, and what 
lovely things he will have to tell you! We are 
glad that even in your sorrow you are thinking of 
other Brothers — black ones — who need to learn how 
to play and to live. You are welcome to our 
circle. Run in often. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I want to tell you and the 
other little workers a little about the workers in 
Sangersville Sunday-school. Forty-one children 
signed up to work for the Black Brothers. The 
majority of them raised chickens, one raised guineas, 
several shelled and cracked walnuts. One little girl 
killed flies. Others ran errands and did other things. 
We are sending you eighty dollars, and hope it 
will help the little African boys and girls to love 
Jesus. Esta Zimmerman. 

Bridgewater, Va. 

That was a generous, heartful gift, and we are 
sure it will reach some other hearts on the other 
side the sea. Hear the " Thank yous " flying back, 
like homing pigeons? 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: May I join your circle? I 
am ten years old and in the fifth grade. I belong 
to the Brethren church. I am sending you a little 
money for my Black Brothers. I made most of it 
doing little things for my papa. He has rheu- 
matism and cannot walk. Vernie Baker. 

North River, Va. 

How glad your papa must be that you can be 
feet for him. And glad too that you are sharing 
your good things with the black babies that need 
so much! 


The Missionary Visitor 


Some New Testament Women 

(Find answers in bold-faced letters) 

1. This is my niece Lamar; you know her, don't you? 

2. On top of the silo is a little flag fluttering. 

3. For a ticket to Ecuador cash is required. 

4. Now remember; nice little girls have good man- 


5. John can nail that picket on the fence. 

6. These eggs are fresh from the mart; have another 


7. A terrible catastrophe befell the community. 

8. He wrote the name of the picture on paper " Sis- 

tine Madonna." 

Hidden Word 
1 am composed of eight letters. 
My first is in fish, but not in duck. 
My next is in pleat, but not in tuck. 
My third is in tub, but not in pan. 
My fourth is in jar, but not in can. 
My fifth is in stump, but not in tree. 
My sixth is in aim, but not in knee. 
My seventh is in turn, but not in twist. 
My eighth is in rye, but not in grist. 
My whole is a fine month to hold on to your good 


(Answers next month) 

January Nuts Cracked 

Broken-up Holidays. — 1. Christmas. 2. Thanksgiv- 
ing. 3. Memorial. 4. Independence. 5. Labor Day. 
6. New Year's. 

Old Testament Prophets.— 1. Nahum. 2. Micah. 
3. Amos. 4. Hosea. 5. Daniel. 6. Joel. 


A course of four mission study 
lessons for juniors. Inspiring, in- 
teresting and usable. Sister Minna 
Heckman with the help of Sisters 
C. G. Shull and Fred Hollenberg 
from India prepared this course. 

Price 25c. 

General Mission Board 
Elgin, HI. 


(Continued from Page 39) 

America you would not have been surprised. 
But when we found such trust in a loving, 
heavenly Father in the heart of China, we 
were surprised. Here was a heart in touch 
with God already, only waiting the fullness 
of Jesus Christ. We went regularly to teach 
her and her neighbors and always received 
a hearty welcome. 

Shortly before we were called away from 
our work when we visited her the last time, 
we found her in great sorrow. She poured 
out her heart to us with many tears. She 
and her neighbor just had a quarrel about 
a water jar. She had been unjustly accused 
and called bad names. This almost broke 

her heart. In her anguish she had beat her 
own head till her cap was soaked with 
blood and her hair was still matted with the 
clots. She could think of nothing but the 
injustice. The village elder had required 
the neighbor to fire off three bunches of 
firecrackers as an acknowledgment to the 
public of his wrong, but still she could not 
forget or forgive the wrong. This experience 
that she was going through gave us a won- 
derful text of the forgiving love of Jesus. 
We had the joy of leading her another step 
nearer the great God she had been trusting 
afl through her widowhood. 

This is an exceptional experience of such 
trust in God, and it is a great joy to know 
that God does reveal himself to the hungry, 
needy heart in any land, but our greatest joy 
is leading them on to perfection in Jesus 
Christ. Our work as missionaries is to put 
souls in touch with God and give them sal- 
vation through Jesus Christ. If we fail in 
this, all is a failure. If we accomplish this, 
our work is permanent. We can establish 
churches, and they will continue them. We 
can be called out of China, and they will 
carry on the work. 

Yes, leading souls to Christ is the greatest 
joy in life, whether in China or in America 
or any place else. Try it. 


The other morning I had just read the 
curdling account of the murder of Marian 
Parker and the story of Hickman, who was 
arrested as the kidnaper and murderer. It 
was a joy to turn to the letters and read 
from a good sister in Ohio : 

"I so much enjoy the Visitor. I do wish 
all could appreciate its full worth." 

That message gave me a thrill. Here was 
a mother who was interested in missions and 
in the Visitor. Of course there are many 
others equally interested, but she was so 
stirred that she really wrote about it. And 
why should she not tell others of the things 
that bring her joy? What would happen, 
if just one thousand of our members would 
become interested in the Visitor, interested 
to the extent that they would set it down 
on paper and send it to the office where the 
Circulation Man would get to see it? Just 
let a thousand people do that and you'll see 
what will happen. The Circulation Man. 


The Missionary Visitor 




Conference Offering, 1927. As of December 31, 1927, 
the Conference (Budget) offering for the year end- 
ing February 29, 1928, stands as follows: 
Cash received since March 1, 1927 $199,228.29 

(The 1927 Budget of $408,300.00 is 48.8% raised, 
whereas it should be 83.3%.) 

M'ssion Board Treasury Statement. The following 
shows the condition of mission finances on December 
31, 1927: 

Income since March 1, 1927, $230,662.48 

Income same period last year, 244,687.00 

Expense since March 1, 1927, 294,422.22 

Expense same period last year, 258,047.06 

Mission deficit December 31, 1927 72,644.35 

Mission deficit November 30, 1927, 76,447.46 

Decrease in deficit for December, 1927 3,803.11 

Tract Distribution: During the month of Novem- 
ber the Board sent out 2,823 doctrinal tracts. 

Correction No. 20: See Visitor for July, 1927, under 
Missionary Supports, $37.50 to credit of " Helping 
Hand" Class of Lebanon, E. Pa., has since on re- 
quest been returned; likewise $18.75 of $37.50 to their 
credit appearing in Jan., 1928 Visitor has been 

November Receipts: The following contributions 
for the various funds were received during Novem- 


California— $104.97 

No. Dist., Cong.: Butte Valley, $3.35; 
Oakland, $8.20; N. A. Harmon (Lindsay), 
$3.00; S. S.: Live Oak, $4.25; Y. P.: Young 
People's Circuit, McFarland, Lindsay, Laton, 
and Reedley, $15.22; Indv.: D. S. Mussel- 
man, $6.15, $ 40.17 

So. Dist., Cong.: Rev. C. Walter Warst- 
ler (M. N.) (Calvary L. A.), $1; A Sister 
of Rivera (1st Los Angeles), $50; S. S. : 
" The Loyal Followers Class " (Pasadena), 

$13.80, 64.80 

Canada— $6.55 

Cong.: Merrington, 6.05; J. H. Brubaker 

(M. N.) (Bow Valley), $.50 6.55 

Colorado — $5.00 

E. Dist., Indv.: Mary E. Haney 5.00 

Florida— $4.34 

Cong.: Seneca, $3.34; A Cheerful Giver 

(Orlando), $1, 4.34 

Illinois— $93.22 

No. Dist., Cong.: Sterling, $34.15; B. C. 
Whitmore (M. N.) (Dixon), $.50; Mrs. W. 
W. Lehman (Dixon), $1; Mary Barton 
(First Chicago), $25; D. C. McGonigle 
(Franklin Grove), $4; S. S.: Batavia, $3.76; 
Junior League (Chicago, First), $5; Sterling, 
$5.48 78.89 

So. Dist., Cong.: Cerro Gordo, $1; Virden, 
$6.08; Woodland, $5; Mrs. R. A. Forney 

(Hudson), $1; S. S.: Romine, $1.25 14.33 

Indiana— $1,342.85 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Manchester, $500; Monti- 
cello, $25; Ogans Creek, $7.04; Salamonie, 
$70.20; Walton, $25.95; West Manchester, 
$34.45; R. H. Miller (M. N.) (Manchester), 
$.50; S. S.: Bachelor Run, $5; Burnettsville, 
$9.66; Eel River, $23.98; Salamonie, $92.67; 
Children's Meeting (Salamonie), $14.63, 809.08 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elkhart City, $155; North 
Winona, $41; Wakarusa, $10; Yellow Creek, 
$15.22; J. T. Dickey, (North Winona), $40; 
S. S.: Auburn, $6.20; Wawaka, $60, 327.42 

So. Dist., Cong.: Four Mile, $152; Howard, 
$40; Indianapolis, $4.35; Nettle Creek, $10, .. 2Q6.35 

Iowa— $36.03 

No. Dist., Cong.: Greene, $3.56; Mrs. W. 
V. Smith (Ivester), $4, 7.56 

Mid. Dist., Women's Missy. Soc, Dallas 
Center 28.47 

Kansas— $107.39 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Morrill, $24.61; C. W. 
Shoemaker (M. N.) (Overbrook), $.50; Mrs. 
Reuben Myers (Wade Branch), $5; S. S.: 
Olathe, $7.74; Topeka, $17.31, 55.16 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Nellie Albin (Maple 
Grove), 5.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: John B. Gish (Par- 
sons) 10.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Garden City, $10.18; 
Mrs. Mary R. Morelock (Monitor), $5; S. S. : 

Monitor, $22.05, 37.23 

Louisiana— $21.20 

Cong.: Roanoke, $15.55; Rosepine, $5.65, .. 21.20 
Maryland— $288.21 

E. Dist., Cong.: Myersville (Upper Middle- 
town Valley), $62.89; Sams Creek & Edge- 
wood, $30; Thurmont, $26.48; Mrs. Lillie 
Weimer (Washington City), $2; S. S. : Jun- 
ior Class, Bethany, $7.55 128.92 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Brownsville, $5.25; 
Longmeadow, $65; Welsh Run, $42.35; A 
Member (Manor), $35, 147.60 

W. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, $5; Georges 

Creek, $6.69, 11.69 

Michigan— $€6.87 

Cong.: Battle Creek, $6.52; Shepherd, 
$5.35; So. Woodland (Woodland), $25; Thorn- 
apple, $25; James Dunbar (Fairview) $5, .. 66.87 
Minnesota — $71.67 

Cong.: Root River, $63.07; N. B. Nelson 
(M. N.) (Nemadji) $1; S. S.: Bethel, $7.60, .. 71.67 
Missouri — $17.45 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mary M. Cox (Warrens- 
burg, 1.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: No. Bethel, 10.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Shoal Creek, 6.45 

Nebraska— $55.77 

Cong.: Afton, $16.15; Enders, $13.11; Falls 
City, $17.29; Octavia, $5; S. S. : Lincoln, $4.22, 


North Dakota— $11.00 

S. S.: Egeland, $4; Minot, $7, 11.00 

Ohio— $334.96 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Center, $10.36; W. 
Nimishillen, $18; Mrs. Lydia E. Mason 
(Woodworth), $5; S. S. : E. Bristol (Bristol- 
ville), $3; Woodworth, $5.30, 41.66 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Black Swamp, $25; 
Defiance, $47.38; Logan, $29; Poplar Ridge, 
$16.10; Florence Roberts (Fairview), $5; A. J. 
Stutzman (Fairview) $2; V. J. Cross (Hicks- 
ville), $5; Goldie Farabee (Portage), $5; 
Max Hartsough & Wife (Portage), $5, 139.48 

So. Dist., Cong.: Bear Sreek, $4; Trotwood, 
$3.48; West Milton, $54.86; No. 100766 (West 
Branch), $25; S. S.: Harris Creek, $11.78; 
Happy Corner (Lower Stillwater), $39.70; 

Piqua, $15, 153.82 

Oregon— $5.00 

Cong.: Eugene W. Pratt (Albany), 5.Q0 

P enn s y Ivan ia— $765.92 

E. Dist., Cong.: Harrisburg, $28; Myers- 
town, $35; Unknown Donor (Elizabethtown), 
$1; S. S.: "Gleaners' Class" Akron, $5; 
Chiques, $25; E. Fairview, $29.08; Ephrata, 
$44.28 Indian Creek, $24.21; Manor (Mount- 
ville), $25; Mpuntville, $31.57; Myerstown, 


The Missionary Visitor 


$15.61; Spring Creek, $4.81; Florin (West 
Green Tree), $31.78; C. W. S. : Chiques, 
$18.41; Indv.: Cyrus Westheafrer, $2, ' 320.75 

Mid. Dist., Lewistown, $76.06; Yellow Creek, 
$10.03; Mary A. Kinsey (Dunnings Creek), 
$10; Nora Seiber Keller (Huntingdon), $25; 
E. T. Cecil Snyder (Snake Spring), $20; 
Maggie B. Fulton (Stonerstown), $5; S. S.: 
Sugar Run (Aughwick), $3.67; Maitland (Dry 
Valley), $6.12; Warriors Mark, $42.49; Curry- 
ville (Woodbury), $7.64; Women's Missionary 
Society, 1st Altoona, $6, - 212.01 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Norristown, $7.28; Quak- 
ertown (Springfield), $15.91, 23.19 

So. Dist., Cong.: Carlisle, $15; New Fair- 
view, $10.62; Mary Bixler (York), $3; S. S. : 
Brandt Church (Back Creek), $3.81; Han- 
over, $5.85; Melrose (Upper Codorus), $13.48, 51.76 

W. Dist., Cong.: Redbank, $4.09; Rock- 
ton, $10; Lucinda Holsopple (Locust Grove), 
$5; Quinter Wegler & Family (Moxham), 
$27; D. P. Hoover (M. N.) (Rummel), $.50; 
Daniel Blough (Shade Creek), $10; S. S.: 
" Daughters of the Kingdom " Class, Mt. 

Joy, $25; Rummel, $76.62, 158.21 

South Dakota— $13.24 

S. S.: Willow Creek, 13.24 

Tennessee — $15.00 

Cong.: Knob Creek, 15.00 

Virginia— $313.03 

E. Dist., S. S.: Valley, 15.87 

1st Dist., Cong.: Laura P. Beckner (Mt. 
Joy), $5; Fannie R. Lavell (Mt. Joy), $5, .. 10.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cedar Grove & Flat 
Rock $38.17; Mt. Zion, $9.90; S. S.: Mill 
Creek, $100; Fairview (Unity), $9.84, 157.91 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Chimney Run, $2.25; 
Two Sisters (Sangerville), $12; A Family 
(Sangerville), $100; Chas. B. Gibbs (Valley 
Bethel), $10 124.25 

So. Dist., Cong. : Mrs. Nannie Sutphin 

(Red Oak Grove), $5, 5.00 

Washington— $21.24 

S. S.: Mt. Hope, 21.24 

West Virginia— $243.85 

1st Dist., Cong.: Capon Chapel, $23.50; 
Hinton Grove, $1; New Creek, $29; Red 
Creek, $27.75; Seneca, $10.60; White Pine, $35; 
L. J. Bucklew (Bean Settlement), $4; J. D. 
Beery (Tearcoat), $50; A. E. Shanholtz 
(Capon Chapel), $2; Minor B. Evans (Green- 
land), $4; Susie G. Evans (Greenland), $5; 
I. L. Abe (Old Furnace), $5; Mrs. J. L. 
Pyles (Old Furnace), $2; Ira Daugherty 
(Tearcoat), $8; Cora A. Lewis (Tearcoat), $1; 
Geo. T. & K. E. Leatherman (White Pine), 
$20; Indv.: O. P. Jones, $10; Unallocated, $6, 243.85 
Wisconsin — $2.00 

S. S.: Maple Grove 2.00 

Total for the month, $3,946.76 

Total previously reported, 31,849.44 

Total for the year, $35,796.20 

Indiana — $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Blanche Stauffer (1st 

South Bend), $ 5.00 

Virginia— $33.35 

1st Dist., Students and Teachers of Dale- 
ville Academy, 33.35 

Total for the month, $ 38.35 

Total previously reported, 2,203.06 

Total for the year $ 2,241.41 

Arkansas— $20.00 

1st Dist., Indv.: W. H. Clark, $ 20.00 

California— $84.12 

No. Dist., Cong.: Waterford, 32.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pomona, 52.12 

Canada— $45.00 

Cong.: Bow Valley, $40; Indv.: Mrs. W. 

H. Stutsman, $5, 

Colorado— $73.92 

E. Dist., Cong.: Antioch, $28.92; Denver, 
$23; Francis Patterson (Sterling), $2; Chas. 
Ullery (Sterling), $10; Aid Soc. : Haxtun, 

Idalho— $27.00 

Cong.: Z. A. Johnson & Wife (Nezperce), 
$25; Indv.: Mrs. Hannah Pritchard, $2, .. 
Illinois— $297.86 

No. Dist., Cong.: Franklin Grove, $106.20; 
Freeport, $10; Caroline Brown (First Chi- 
cago), $5; Mrs. Elizabeth Clark (Mt. Morris), 
$4; S. S.: Douglas Park (Chicago), $30.75; 
Polo, $50; Aid Soc: Batavia, $3; First 
Chicago, $25; Mt. Morris, $10, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Oak Grove, $6.91; Ben F. 
Zbinden & Wife (Champaign), $10; Eunice 
Baldwin (Hurricane Creek), $5; S. S.: Cen- 
tennial (Okaw). $14; Indv.: Mrs. Eliza Ren- 
ner, $1; Mrs. Will Rowan, $2; John J. 

Swartz, $15, 

Indiana— $594.07 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Andrews, $8.87; Eel 
River, $29.06; Landessville, $8.26; Pipe Creek, 
$26.65; Sugar Grove House, Prairie Creek, 
$4.21; Salamonie, $55; West Eel River, $26.50; 
West Manchester, $65.75; L. T. Holsinger 
(Delphi), $2; Mrs. Fred Hummel (Sugar 
Creek), $1.50; Frances Crill (Wabash Coun- 
ty), $2.00; S. S.: Beaver Creek, $6.57; " Will- 
ing Workers " (Salamonie) $8.45; " Willing 
Workers " Class (West Eel River), $2; Aid 
Soc: Cart Creek, $5; Pipe Creek, $5; South 
Whitley, $10; West Manchester, $5, 

No. Dist., Cong.: Baugo, $30.85; North 
Liberty, $49.62; North Winona, $10; Oak 
Grove, $27.30; Osceola, $6.50; Plymouth, 
$53.40; Wakarusa, $35.00; Yellow Creek, $31.84; 
Mrs. Rose Shively (Mt. Pleasant), $2; Aid. 
Soc: Plymouth, $17.60, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Pleasant, $16.31; 
Richmond, $5; Summitville, $1.83; Upper 
Fall Creek, $6; Windfall, $10; John W. Flora 
(Howard), $4; Mrs. Mary M. Peffley (Indian- 
apolis), $5; Aid Soc: Brick Creek Church, 
Nettle Creek, $5; Indv.: Mary E. Kaiser, $5, 
Iowa— $503.81 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Ankeny, $21; Bagley, 
$22; Brooklyn, $19.50; Cedar, $60; Garrison, 
$12.08; C. Z. Reitz (Maxwell), $31.75; Aid 
Soc: Bagley, $5; Garrison, $6.84; Helping 
Hand, Iowa River, $3; Panther Creek, $7, .. 

No. Dist., Cong.: Curlew, $26.49; Greene, 
$30.86; Kingsley, $35.40; Sheldon, $38.69; 
David & Sarah Brallier, (Curlew), $25; W. 
M. Lentz & Wife, Waterloo City (South 
Waterloo), $10; S. S.: Greene, $17.79; C. W. 
S.: Slifer, $5, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Council Bluffs, $7.88; 
Mt. Etna, $26.41; South Keokuk, $79; Ada 
I. Correll (English River), $1; Mahala C. 
Myers (Salem), $1; S. S.: Council Bluffs, 

$4.12; Aid Soc: Council Bluffs, $7, 

Kansas— $495.77 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Appanoose, $27.35; 
Ottawa, $64.88; Overbrook, $30.03; Ozawkie, 
$25; Richland Center, $17.20; Washington, 
$11; Mary Hickerson (McLouth), $6; Shuss 
Family (Sabetha), $10; S. S.: Primary Chil- 
dren (Morrill), $35; Aid Soc: Dorcas Aid 
Soc. (Washington), $5; Indv.: Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Dewitt, $5, 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Belleville 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Fredonia, $22.20; In- 
dependence, $12.65; Parsons, $10; A. A. Pat- 
teson & Wife (Grenola), $2; J. W. and A. L. 
Eikenberry (Independence), $5; J. W. Kirk- 
endall (Independence), $5; Lizzie Shank 
(New Hope), $10; W. B. Worford (Verdigris), 
$4; Indv.: Fannie Stevens, $4, 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Larned Rural, $12; 
W. W. Rexroad and Wife (Bloom), $2; Mrs. 















The Missionary Visitor 


B. F. Carter (E. Wichita), $1; V. D. Crum- 
packer (McPherson), $4; Oliver H. Austin 
and Wife (McPherson), $25; Sophia Dudte 
(Newton), $100; Mrs. Lizzie A. Lehman 
(Newton), $2; James Brandt (Pleasant View), 
$15; Elizabeth Kener (Walnut Valley), $5; 

Kate Yost (Walnut Valley), $5, 171.00 

Louisiana — $36.58 

Cong.: Rosepine, 36.58 

Maryland— $307.58 

E. Dist., Cong.: Denton, $58.82; No. 101012 
(First Baltimore), $25; Mary K. Ebaugh 
(Meadow Branch), $4, 87.82 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Brownsville, $52; Lee- 
town (Berkley), $6.50; E. J. Egan & Family 
(Hagerstown), $15; S. S. : "Altruistic" Class 
(Hagerstown), $50, 123.50 

W. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, $70; Cherry 
Grove, $16.26; C. H. Merrill & Wife (Cherry 

Grove), $10, 96.26 

Michigan— $74.35 

Cong.: Battle Creek, $19; Long Lake, $30; 
Rodney, $5.25; Harry E. Stern (Midland), 

$5; S. S.: Grand Rapids, $15.10, 74.35 

Minnesota— $2.50 

Cong.: Mrs. Susan Hanninger & Family 

(Nemadji), 2.50 

Missouri — $79.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Adrian, $11; Turkey 
Creek, $18.50; Mary M. Cox (Warrensburg), 
$1; S. S.: Happy Hill, $8, 38.50 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Mary I. Hyde (Broad- 
water) .50 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Carthage, $25; S. S.: 

Cabool, $15, 40.00 

Montana— $15.00 

Cong.: Kalispell, $10; Indv.: M. M. Moot- 
hart, $5, 15.00 

Nebraska— $181.90 

Cong.: Beatrice, $19.80; Octavia, $62.10; 
Omaha, $14; Bertha C. Willis (Bethel), $1; 
J. S. Gabel (Lincoln), $25; A. Helper (Silver 
Lake), $5; Aid Soc. : Omaha, $5; Indv.: 

Sidney Cripe, $50, 181.90 

New Mexico— $32.86 

Cong.: Clovis, 32.86 

North Carolina— $18.92 

Cong.: Flat Rock, $10.32; Mill Creek, $8.60 18.92 
North Dakota— $91.75 

Cong.: Carrington, $14; Ellison, $42.75; 
Surrey, $25; G. F. Michael (Kenmare), $1; 

Aid Soc: Carrington, $5; Minot, $4, 91.75 

Ohio— $928.47 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Center, $12.51; Chip- 
pewa, $36.88; E. Chippewa, $15; Goshen, 
$10.50; Mohican, $9.00; Mrs. Irena Kurtz 
(Canton City), $5; Mrs. Frank Leatherman 
(Mt. Zion), $2; Mrs. Harriet Martin (Woos- 
ter), $5; Aid Soc: Kent, $5; Richland, $5; 
Orrville (Wooster), $15, 120.89 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: County Line, $19.50; 
Dupont, $26.85; Lima, $32.22; Marion, $16.60; 
E. Swan Creek, $6.46; Ross, $25; A Sister 
(Black Swamp), $5; Mrs. Lois Rodabaugh 
(Eagle Creek), $2; Sister A. C. Thayer (Li- 
ma), $5; S. H. Vore and Wife (Lima), $30; 
Unknown (Lima), $5 173.63 

So. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, $35.47; Cin- 
cinnati, $21.75; E. Dayton, $45; Greenville, 
$3.50; Lower Stillwater, $34.65; W. Alexandria, 
$22.28; J. L. (Covington), $100; S. S.: George- 
town, $25; Marble Furance, $1.30; Aid Soc: 
Middle District, $5; New Carlisle, $5; Piqua, 

$5; Aid Societies of Southern Ohio, $330 633.95 

Oklahoma— $89.03 

Cong.: Thomas, %77; S. S. : Guthrie, $9.03; 

Y. P. D.: Thomas, $3, 89.03 

Oregon— $19.63 

Cong.: Albany, $16.63; Russell W. Hunt 

(Albany), $3, 19.63 

Pennsylvania — $377.74 

E. Dist., Cong.: Elizabeth Snyder (Harris- 

burg), $4.00; Aid Soc: Ephrata, $25; Rich- 
land, $10; Spring Creek, $10, 49.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Fairview, $14.21; Tyrone, 
$30; Mary A. Kinsey (Dunnings Creek), $1; 
Mrs. Nettie Glass (First Altoona), $1; A. Jay 
Replogle & Wife (Huntingdon), $25; Mrs. H. 
S. Yeatter (Lewistown), $2; Hazel Ober 
(New Enterprise), $5; Mrs. Lena M. Weaver- 
ling (Stonerstown), $1; Wilbur O. Snyder 
(Tyrone), $5; Aid Soc: First Altoona, $10; 
Clover Creek, $5, 99.21 

S. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Amwell, $5; Nor- 
ristown, $10, 15.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Chambersburg, $29.18; 
Mt. Olivet, $14; Mrs. Mary E. Bashore (Lost 
Creek), $1; Mrs. G. H. Whitcomb (Shippens- 
burg), $2; S. S. : Brown's Mill (Falling 
Springs), $9.50; Aid Soc: Shady Grove 
(Falling Springs), $5, 60.68 

W. Dist., Cong.: Elk Lick, $5; Glade Run, 
$10.65; Meyersdale, $73.26; Montgomery, $8.17; 
Lucinda Holsopple (Locust Grove), $5; Mrs. 
Wilbur Bloom (Rockton), $1.00; S. S. : Gei- 
ger, $13.52; Organized Class (Fairview) 
(Georges Creek), $10; Pike Run (Middle 
Creek), $7.25; Willing Helpers Class (Water- 
ford) (Ligonier), $5; Aid Soc: Geiger, $15, 153.85 
South Carolina— $30.00 

Cong.: Melvin Hill, 30.00 

South Dakota— $5.00 

Cong.: Willow Creek, 5.00 

Tennessee — $73.50 

Cong.: Johnson City, $13.55; Limestone, 
$13.50; New Hope, $19; Pleasant Hill, $23.99; 

Y. P. D.: Pleasant Hill, $3.46, 73.50 

Texas— $25.00 

Indv.: A. L. Patrick & Wife, 25.00 

Virginia— $207.07 

E. Dist., Cong.: Valley 16.67 

1st Dist., Cong.: T. Simon Richardson 
(Antioch), $5; Mrs. M. A. Riner (Chestnut 
Grove), $2; Mary J. Tucker (Johnsville), 
$2; Mrs. S. C. Showalter (Troutville), $5; 
Aid Soc: Cloverdale, $25, 39.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cedar Grove and Flat 
Rock, $36.16; Flat Rock, $26.05; Salem, 
$28.29; Stony Creek (Flat Rock), $8.50; Cora 
M. See (Linville Creek), $5; H. B. Myers & 
Wife (Mill Creek), $5; S. S. : Pine Hill, $2.40, 111.40 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc: Bridgewater, $25; 
Summit, $5; Valley Bethel, $5, 35.00 

So. Dist., Indv.: Sarah J. Hylton 5.00 

Washington— $41 .26 

Cong.: Greenwood, $20; No. Spokane, $5.26; 
Mrs. Zora Baer (Olympia), $1; Indv.: J. M. 

Arbegast & Wife, $15, 41.26 

West Virginia— $117.50 

1st Dist., Cong.: Beaver Run, $22.89; Eg- 
lon, $65.36; Old Furnace, $10; Sunnyside 
(New Creek), $3; S. S. Kelley Chapel (White 
Pine), $8.75; S. S. at St. Margretts, $7.50, .. 117.50 
Wisconsin— $7.00 

Cong.: Mrs. P. B. Hoffheim (Rice Lake), 
$4; Mrs. Lizzie A. Clair (Stanley), $1; Aid 
Soc: Maple Grove, $2, 7.00 

Total for the month, $.4,903.19 

Total previously reported, 526.56 

Total for the year, $5,429.75 


Indiana — $3.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Beaver Creek, ....$ 3.00 
Ohio— $5.00 

N. E. Dist., Indv.: A Sister 5.00 

Virginia— $25.00 

E. Dist., Indv.: Carrie S. Pence, 25.00 

Total for the month, $ 33.00 

Total previously reported, 337.74 

Total for the year, $ 370.74 


The Missionary Visitor 



Colorado— $4.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: George Rink (Antioch), ..$ 4.00 
Denmark— $21.92 

Cong.: Vendsyssel, 21.92 

Indiana — $18.52 

Mid. Mist., Cong.: Plunge Creek Chapel, 18.52 

Montana — $5.55 

E. Dist., S. S.: Galpin Union, 5.55 

Nebraska— $50.00 

Indv.: Sidney Cripe, ' 50.00 

Ohio— $4.73 

So. Dist., S. S.: Middletown, 4.73 

Virginia— $12.62 

No. Dist., Cong.: Newport (Mt. Zion), .. 12.62 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $ 2,384.37 


California— $15.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Junior Dept., La Verne, ..$ 15.00 

Colorado— $11.75 

E. Dist., S. S.: Children of Antioch, ....$ 11.75 

Indiana— $113.32 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Monticello, 81.57 

No. Dist., S. S.: Bremen, $20.25; Junior 

League, Elkhart City, $11.50, 31.75 

Iowa— $44.76 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Children of Dallas Cen- 
ter, $35.76; Junior Dept., Iowa River, $9, .. 44.76 
Louisiana — $12.67 
: D. V. B. S.: Roanoke, ^6.33; Rosepine, 

$6.34, 12.67 

Missouri— $26.80 

S. E. Dist., S. S. : Junior and Intermediate 
Departments, Broadwater, 26.80 

Ohio— $13.60 

N. E. Dist., D. V. B. S. : Black River, .. 13.60 
Pennsylvania — $7.53 

E. Dist., Cong.: David, Helen, Hernley 
and Robert Madeira (Elizabethtown), 7.53 

Texas— $18.83 

Cong.: Manvel, $12.50; D. V. B. S.: Ft. 

Worth, $6.33, 18.83 

Virginia— $5.14 

Cong.: Snow Creek, 5.14 

Washington— $19.25 

S. S.: Junior Dept., Wenatchee Valley, .. 19.25 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $ 781.41 

B. Y. P. D. FUND— 1927 

Illinois— $100.00 

No. Dist., B. Y. P. D.: Naperville 

Indiana — $5.25 
Mid. Dist., B. Y. P. D. : Hickory Grove, . 

Iowa— $18.85 

Mid. Dist., B. Y. P. D.: Cedar, 

Pennsylvania — $65.00 

E. Dist., B. Y. P. D.: Bareville (Cones- 

Mid. Dist., B. Y. P. D. : New Enterprise, 

Virginia— $25.50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Antioch, $14; Burks Fork, 

$1.50; Snow Creek, $10, 

Washington— $10.75 

C. W. S.: Omak, 




Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 


California— $15.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Conquerors Class, $ 15.00 

Iowa — $25.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Roscho Royer (Dallas 

Center), 25.00 

Nebraska— $10.00 

Cong.: A. Sister (Alvo), 10.00 

Pennsylvania — $43.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Richland 18.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Paul P. Hershey (York), 25.00 
Washington— $15.00 

Cong.: S. Bock (No. Spokane) 15.00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $ 1,862.42 

Florida— $25.00 

Indv.: Eld. J. E. Young, $ 

Virginia— $45.00 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc. : Bridgewater, $20; 
Sangerville, $25, 



Total for the month, ... 
Total previously reported, 



Total for the year, $ 480.00 

Iowa— $5.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: So. Keokuk, $ 

Pennsylvania — $11, 

So. Dist., S. S.: 
Class, Carlisle 

" Buds of Promise 

Virginia— $35.00 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: Western, Mill Creek, 



Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $ 674.74 

California— $132.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Empire, $ 50.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Friendship Bible Class, 
Pasadena, $32; Loyal Bible Class, Pasadena, 

$50, 82.00 

Illinois— $12.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: Edith M. Scrogum (First 

Chicago), 12.50 

Indiana— $175.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pipe Creek, 150.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Women's Class, First 

South Bend, 25.00 

Kansas— $50.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: " Onward Circle " Class, 

Sabetha, 50.00 

Pennsylvania — $125.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Bethany Bible Class, 
Elizabethtown, 25.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Spring Run, 25.00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Young People's Bible 
Class, Beachdale (Berlin), $25; " Sunshine " 
Class, Maple Spring (Quemahoning), $50, .. 75.00 
Virginia— $25.00 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc: Oak Grove, Lebanon, 25.00 
Washington— $50.00 

Y. P. D.: Seattle, 50.00 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported 


Total for the year, ,...,..., $ 921,21 

Total for the year, $3,518.62 

Arkansas— $1.00 

N. W. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Mary J. Babb 
& Daughter ...., , $ .LOO 


The Missionary Visitor 


Illinois— $38.20 

No. Dist., S. S.: Douglas Park (First 
Chicago), $27.57; Indv.: No. 101007, $10.63, .. 38.20 
Iowa— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Roscho Royer (Dallas 

Center), 25.00 

Nebraska— $10.00 

Cong.: A Sister (Alvo), 10.00 

Oh'o— $25.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : "Home Builders" Class, 

West Milton, 25.00 

Washington— $15.00 

Cong.: S. Bock (No. Spokane) 15.00 

$25; S. S.: Spring Run, $25, $ 50.00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, 

.$ 1,633.13 


California— $6.25 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Truth Seekers" Class, 
McFarland, $ 6.25 

Colorado— $10.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Carrier Dove" Class, 

Wiley 10 00 

Iowa— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : "Gleaners" Class, Pan- 
ther Creek 25.00 

Ka nsas — $75.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : "Onward Circle" Class, 
Sabetha 50.00 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Eden Valley, 25.00 

Pennsylvania— $37.50 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Soring Run, $25; "Will- 
ing Workers " and " Sunny Sisters " Classes, 
Woodbury, $12.50, 37.50 

Total for the month, $ 153.75 

Total previously reported, 1,117.34 

Total for the year $ 1,271.09 

Californ : a— $16.00 

So. Dist.. Cone : T. K. Shively (La Verne), 
$1: S. S.: The Conquerors Class (Pasadena), 

$15, $ 16.00 

Indiana — $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: I. S. Burns (Yellow 

Creek), 5.00 

Iowa— $75.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Roscho Royer (Dallas 
Center) 25.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Volunteer Bible Class" 

South Waterloo, 50.00 

Nebraska— $15.00 

Cong.: A Sister (Alvo), $10; A. Helper 

(Silver Lake), $5, 15.00 

Pennsylvania— $114.25 

E. Dist., Cong.: Annville, $41; Richland, 
$18; D. V. B. S.: Myerstown, $17.25, 76.25 

So. Dist., Cong.: Paid P. Hershev (York), 25.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Joy, 13.00 

Virginia— $5.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Castleton 5.00 

West Virginia— $29.10 

1st Dist.. S. S.: Beginners, Maple Spring 
(Eglon), $12; Primary Class, Maple Spring 
(Eglon), $4 50; Junior Class, Maple Spring 
(Eglon), $12.60, 29.10 

Total for the month $ 

Total previously reported, 


3,000 70 

Total for the year, $3,260.05 

Pennsylvania— $50.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: No. 100891 (Burnham), 

Total for the month, $ 50.00 

Total previously reported, 418.40 

Total for the year, $ 468.40 

Illinois— $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Caroline Brown (Chi- 
cago), $ 5.00 

Oregon— $5.00 

Cong.: Mrs. Huldah Metz (Weston), .. 5.00 

Virginia — $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: H. B. Myers & Wife 
(Mill Creek), 5.00 

Total for the month $ 15.00 

Total previously reported 52.50 

Total for the year $ 67.50 

California— $25.23 

So. Dist., Cong.: Hermosa Beach, $12.85; 

Inglewood, $12.38 $ 25.23 

Idaho— $1.37 

Cong.: Xezperce 1.37 

Ppnjisv'vania — $132.13 

E. Dist., S. S.: Character Builders*. Mid- 
way, $10; Elizabeth Martin's Class, Midway, 
$ 1 0: Hannah Binners' Class, Midway, $10; 
" Willinsr Workers " Class, Midway, $10; 
Young Men's Bible Class, Lebanon, Midwav, 
$25; Hopeful Class, Spring Creek, $30; Pri- 
mary Department, Spring Creek, $7.13, 102.13 

W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Elizabeth Mills 
(Walnut Grove, Johnstown), $5; Junior De- 
partment, Walnut Grove (Johnstown), $10; 
Intermediate Department, Walnut Grove 

(Johnstown), $15, 30.00 

West Virginia— $91.60 

1st Dist., Cong.: Eglon, 91.60 

Total for the month, $ 250.33 

Total previously reported, 692.34 

Total for the year, $ 942.67 

Ohio— $5.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: John Culler (E. 
Nimishillen), $ 5.00 

Total for the month $ 5.00 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 5.00 

Kansas— $3.00 

N. E. Dist., Indv.: Effie Steffy, $ 


Total for the month, $ 3.00 

Total previously reported 627.83 

Total for the year $ 630.83 


Nebraska— $5.00 

Cong.: A Sister (Alvo), ... 
Oklahoma— $25.00 
Indv.: L. M. Dodd & Wife, 



Total for the month, $_ 30.00 

Total previously reported, t 51.00 

Total for the year, $ 


Canada— $35.00 

Cong.: Bow Valley, $ 35.00 

Illinois— $90.83 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elgin, $85; S. S. : Ster- 
ling, $5.83 90.83 


The Missionary Visitor 


Indiana— $160.63 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Bachelors Run, $15; 
Santa Fe, $8.42; S. S. : Santa Fe, $68.71, .. 92.13 

No. Dist., Cong.: New Paris 68.50 

Iowa— $61.48 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Yale, 14.10 

So. Dist., Cong.: Ottumwa, , 47.38 

Michigan — $90.00 

Cong.: Shepherd, 90.00 

Ohio— $67.61 

So. Dist., Cong.: Poplar Grove, $43; 

Springfield, $16; Union City, $8.61 67.61 

Pennsylvania— $56.66 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Tyrone, 20.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Waynesboro, $30; S. S. : 

Pleasant Hill, Codorus, $6.66, 36.66 

Virginia— $188.01 

So. Dist., Congregations, 188.01 

Washington— $15.00 

Cong.: Tacoma, 15.00 

Total for the month, $ 765.22 

Total previously reported, 57,263.93 

Total for the year, $ 58,029.15 

California— $3.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Elk Creek, $ 3.00 

Ohio— $10.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Wooster, 10.00 

Virginia— $5.85 

1st Dist., S. S.: Pleasant View, Chestnut 
Grove, 5.85 

Total for the month, $ 18.85 

Total previously reported, 77.13 

Total for the year, $ 95.98 


California— $171.34 

So. Dist., La Verne Cong., for L. A. Blick- 
enstaff and Wife and E. D. Vaniman and 
Wife, $115.09; Missionary Class, Covina, for 
Delbert Vaniman, $37.50; Harmony Class, La 
Verne, for Edward Leland Brubaker, $18.75, $ 171.34 
Colorado— $35.01 

E. Dist., Miami Cong., for Anna Crum- 

packer, 35.01 

Illinois— $775.00 

No. Dist., Franklin Grove Cong., for Bertha 
Butterbaugh, $200; Mt. Morris College Missy. 
Soc, for D. J. Lichty, $300 500.00 

So. Dist., Cerro Gordo Cong., for Dr. A. 

R. Cottrell, 275.00 

Indiana— $225.66 

No. Dist., Sunday Schools for Marguerite 
Burke Budget and Mary Schaeffer, 225.66 

Iowa— $700.00 

No. Dist., So. Waterloo S. S. for Mrs. A. 
S. B. Miller, $275; "Loyal Helpers Class" 
(So. Waterloo) for Josephine Miller, $50; 
Primary Department (So. Waterloo) for Mar- 
iorie Miller, $50; Intermediate and Junior 
Depts. (So. Waterloo) for Lorita Shull, $50; 
C. W. S. and Aid Soc. (So. Waterloo) for 

A. S. B. Miller, $275, 700.00 

Kansas— $28.55 

S. E. Dist., Galesburg Cong, for Emma 
H. Ebey, $21; Parsons Sunday School for 

Emma H. Ebey, $7.55 28.55 

Michigan— 29.00 

Three Primary Classes of Sugar Ridge for 

Haven Crumpacker, -. 29.00 

Missouri— $8.00 

Mid. Dist., So. Warrensburg S. S., for Jen- 
nie Mohler 8.00 

Ohio— $342.08 

N. E. Dist., Hartville Cong., for Anna 

Brumbaugh, $200; Olivet Cong., for A. D. 

Helser, $77.08, 277.08 

So. Dist., Eversole Cong., for J. Homer 

Bright, 65.00 

Pennsylvania — $350.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong. & S. S. Albright for 
Olivia D. Ikenberry, $20; Ellis & Carl Beaver 
(Burnham) for Minor M. Myers, $140, 160.00 

S. E. Dist., Green Tree Cong., for Nora 
Hollenberg, 125.00 

W. Dist., 7th Circuit S. S.'s for Marie Bru- 
baker, 165.00 

Tennessee— $212.03 

Congregations for Anna B. Seese, 212.03 

Virginia— $82.43 

No. Dist., Greenmount S. S., for I. S. Long 
and Wife, $50; " Martha & Mary's " Class 
(Linville Creek) for Elizabeth Long, $25, 75.00 

So. Dist., Burks Fork Cong., for Elsie N. 
Shickel, $3.71; Burks Fork Cong., for Rebecca 
C. Wampler, %2>.72, 7.43 

West Virginia— $242.69 

1st Dist., Eglon Cong., for Anna B. Mow, 242.69 

Total for the month, $3,301.79 

Total previously reported, 31,958.35 

Correction No. 20, 56.25 

Total for the year, $35,203.89 


(Continued from Page 42) 

is truly the Spirit of the Lord working. 
Even the bound-footed women escorted us 
all the way through the village and watched 
until our cart was out of sight before they 
turned their faces homeward. 

With all the unrest there is I find it hard 
to make promises about return visits, but 
they begged so hard they got a promise 
that I would return in two weeks when the 
Chinese lady evangelists go there. 

It has paid for me to return to Shansi, 
even if I should have to go now. With all 
the unrest there is I do not hope to be 
able to stay continuously, but I do hope, 
by the help of your prayers, to be close 
enough to God to discern his will for me. 
That is enough. Shansi is in the war now; 
we are cut off from the coast. If our gov- 
ernor is defeated it may be hard for us 
evangelists, but we depend on God through 
your prayers, and that is enough. Pray that 
China may become Christian. She must 
decide NOW for Christ, so when she settles 
from chaos to order she will settle down as 
a Christian nation. We must not let up 
because of the war; on the other hand, we 
must pray more than ever. I know you are 
praying. That accounts for the divine 
strength and wisdom given in these trying 

Chin Hsien, Shansi, China. 

Church of the Brethren Missionaries 

Supported in Whole or in Part by Funds Administered by the General Mission Board 
With the Year They Entered Service 

Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Geer, Va. 

Bollinger, Amsey and Flor- 
ence, 1922 

Finckh, Elsie, 1925 

Hersch, Orville and Mabel, 

Kline, Alvin, 1926 

Wampler, Nelie, 1922 
Dayton, Va. 

Early, II. C, and Emma, 
In Pastoral Service 

Bowman, Price and Elsie, 
Bassett, Va., 1925 

Eby, E. I 1 ., and Emma, 3503 
St. Joseph Ave., St. Jo- 
seph, Mo., 1927 

Fahnestock, Rev. and Mrs. 
S. G., 1059 Michigan Ave., 
Portland, Ore., 1927 

Haney, R. A. and Irva, 
Lonaconing, Md., 1925 

Horner, W. J. and Hazel, 
3122 Ellis Ave., Fort 
worth, Texas, 1920 

Rohrer, Ferdie and Pearl, 
Jefferson, N. C, 1927 

Royer, Naomi, 1059 Michi- 
gan Ave., Portland, Ore., 

Showalter, R. K. and Flor- 
ence, Rose Pine, La., 1926 

White, Ralph and Matie, 
1206 E. Holston Ave., 
Johnson City, Tenn., 1923 
In Evangelistic Service 

Smith, Rev. and Mrs. S. Z., 
Sidney, Ohio 

Spanhusvagen 38, Malmb, 

Graybill, J. F., and Alice. 

Buckingham, Ida, 1913 

Liao Chow, Shansi, China 

Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 
Senger, Nettie M., 1916 
Shock, Laura J., 1916 

Peking, China 

% No. China Language School 
Coffman, Dr. Carl, 1921, and 
Lulu, 1919 

Ping Ting Chow, Shansi, 

Crumpacker, F. H., 1908 
Flory, Edna R., 1917 
Metzger, Minerva, 1910 
Schaeffer, Mary, 1917 

Show Yang, Shansi, China 
Neher, Minneva J., 1924 
Ulery, Ruth F., 1926 

T'ung Chow, Chihli, China 
Flory, Byron M., and Nora, 

Heisey, Walter J., and Sue, 

Oberholtzer, I. E., and 

Elizabeth, 1916 
Seese, Norman A., and 
Anna, 1917 

On Furlough 

Baker, Elizabeth, 426 E. 51st 

St., Chicago, 111. 
Bright, J. Homer and Min- 
nie, 3435 Van Buren St., 

Chicago, 111., 1911 
Ikenberry, E. L. and Olivia, 

3343 Whitney Ave., Mt. 

Carmel, Conn., 1922 
Brubaker, L. S., and Marie, 

1031^ W. 34th St., Los 

Angeles, Calif., 1924 
Clapper, V. Grace, 3435 Van 

Buren St., Chicago, 111., 

Cline, Mary E., 900 Frank- 
lin, Roaring Spring, Pa., 

Flory, Raymond, and Lizzie, 

R. 4, Grants Pass, Ore., 

Crumpacker, Anna, McPher- 

son, Kans., 1908 
Horning, Dr. D. L., and 

Martha, 1136 Michigan 

Ave., Topeka, Kans., 1919 
Horning, Emma, 400 So. Ho- 

man Ave., Chicago, 111., 

Hutchison, Anna, Easton, 

Md., 1911 
Myers, Minor M., and Sara, 

Bridgewater. Va., 1919 
Smith, W. Harlan and 

Frances, 3435 Van Buren 

St., Chicago, 111., 1920 
Sollenberger, O. C, and 

Hazel, % J. W. Coppock, 

Tippecanoe City, Ohio, 1919 
Vaniman, Ernest D., and 

Susie. La Verne, Calif., 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., and 

Rebecca, Accomac, Va., 


Garkida, Nigeria, West Afri- 
can, via Jos 

Burke, Dr. Homer L., and 

Marguerite, 1923 
Flohr, Earl W., and Ella, 

Gibbel, Dr. J. Paul, and 

Verda, 1926 
Harper, Clara, 1926 
Helser, Albert D., 1922, and 

Lola, 1923 
Robertson, Dr. Russell L., 

and Bertha C, 1927 
•Kulp, H. Stover, 1922, and 

Christina, 1927 
Shis ler, Sara, 1926 
♦At Dille. 
On Furlough 
Mallott, Floyd, and Ruth, 

No. Manchester, Ind„ 1924 
Heckman, Clarence C, and 

Lucile, Polo, 111., 1924 
Beahm, Wm. M., and Es- 
ther, 5800 Maryland Ave., 

Chicago, 111. 

Ahwa, Dangs, India 

Butterbaugh, A. G., and 

Bertha, 1919 

Garner, H. P., and Kathryn, 
Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 

Grisso, Lillian, 1917 

Long, I. S., and Erne, 1903 

Moomaw, I. W.. and Mabel, 

Shickel, Elsie, 1921 
Stoner, Susan L., 1927 
Woods, Beulah, 1924 
Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 
Blickenstaff, Lynn A., and 

Mary, 1920 
Blickenstaff, Verna M., 1919 
Cottrell, Dr. A. R., and 

Laura, 1913 
Miller, Arthur S. B., and 

Jennie, 1919 
Mohler, Jennie, 1916 
Shumaker, Ida C, 1910 
Dahanu Road, Thana Dist., 
Ebbert, Ella, 1917 
Metzger, Dr. Ida, 1925 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 

Roop, Ethel, 1926 
Royer, B. Mary, 1913 
Wolf, L. Mae, 1922 
Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B, 1900 
Vada, Thana Dist., India 
Brumbaugh, Anna B., 1919 
Kaylor, John I., 1911 and 

Ina, 1921 
Swartz, Goldie E., 1916 
Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Alley, Howard L., and Hat- | 

tie, 1917 
Post Umalla, via Ankbsvar, 
Lichty, D. J., 1902, and An- 
na, 1912 
Widdowson, Olive, 1912 
Ziegler, Kathryn. 1908 
Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 
Blough, J. M., and Anna, 

Brooks, Harlan J., and Ruth. 

Mow, Anetta, 1917 
Burjor Bag, Lunsikui, Nav- 
sare, India 
Mow, Baxter M., and Anna, 

On Furlough 

Ebey, Adam, and Alice, 

North Manchester, Ind., 

Hollenberg, Fred M., and 

Nora, 3435 Van Buren St., 

Chicago, 111., 1919 
Kintner, Elizabeth, Ney, 

Ohio, 1919 
Miller, Sadie J., R. F. D., 

Waterloo, Iowa, 1903 
Shull, Chalmer and Mary, 

3435 Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago, 111., 1919 
Summer, B. P., and Nettie, 

3435 W. Van Buren St., 

Chicago, 111., 1919 
Wagoner, J. E., and Ellen, 

North Manchester, Ind., 


Please Notice.— Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 


To clean up the debts of the church honorably 



for Sending Money to Elgin 

(Which may be used by treasurers) 

Clyde M. Culp, Treasurer, Elgin, 111. 
Dear Brother: 

Enclosed find Dollars 

as an offering for the Conference Budget, which please place to 
the credit of 

Name of sender 

Street Address or R. F. D 

Postoffice State 


Sunday- School Class 
. . Christian Workers' 

Aid Society 

Sunday- School 


State District 

A Few Points to Remember 

Please make all orders payable to Clyde 
M. Culp, Treasurer. 

Money should be sent in Bank Draft, 
personal check, Postoffice or Express Money 

Please state what congregation and Dis- 
trict should have credit for this. 

Full name and address should be given to 
insure a prompt return of receipt. 

" Visitor " subscriptions should be on 
separate sheet. FREE to each donor of 
$4.00 or more. 

Please do not write in this space 


Church of the 'Brethren 


Vol. XXX 

March, 1928 

No. 3 


What About China Now? 


An Adventurous Task ...-.- M. M. Myers 

Education Suitable for Indian Life - - - I. S. Long 

Sharing Christ With India The B. Y. P. D. Missionary Project 

An Ideal Aid Society Mrs. U. C Leah 

Our Brown Brothers - - The /. C. L. Missionary Project 

Notes from China, page 75 

■ill :m 

k im 








OTHO WINGER, President, 1912-1928. 

A. P. BLOUGH, Vice President, 1916-1929. 

CHARLES D. BONSACK, General Secretary, 
1921. * 

H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor, 1918. 

M.. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary, 1919. 

CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer, 1920. 


OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind., 

A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa, 1916-1929. 

H. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa., 1923-1932. 

J. B. EMMERT, La Verne, Calif., 1924-1931. 

LEVI GARST, Salem, Va., R. R. 1, 1925-1939. 

Note. — The bold type date indicates the year when Board Members were first elected, the 
other date the year when Board Members' terms expire. 

•Although Bro. Bonsack was not elected secretary until 1921 he has been connected with 
t&e Board since 1906. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, 111. 


The subscription price is included in EACH donation of four dollars or more te the General 
Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the fe-ur dollars 
or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Different 
members of the same family may each give four dollars or more and extra subscriptions, 
thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be interested in read- 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every four dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of four dollars or more, no 
matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services t<-> the church, influence in assisting the Com- 
mittee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will be sent 
to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

T« insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address, give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year if 
possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 

Jeva Helps His People 

An India Missionary Play 

Four scenes presenting rural India today and her response to the 
Christian missionary. The scenes are full of suspense, pathos and love. 
No elaborate stage equipment is required. The participants should be 
dressed in Indian costumes, which are very simple and can easily be 
made. Helpful to the 1928 B. Y. P. D. missionary project, " Evangelism 
in India." Time, about 1 hour and 15 minutes. Price, 30c. Twelve 
speaking parts, 7 male, 5 female. Others may be used. 

Elgin, 111. 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXX 

MARCH, 1928 

No. 3 

CONTENTS make them a vital force in the life of the 

country. But it seems equally clear that 

ditorial t j ie ex j s ti n g Nationalist Government has 

What About China Now? 65 , . . & , , , , 

Progress for China 65 dunn S the P ast few months lost ground, not 

so much in a military sense as in the con- 
Contributed Articles r . , , . . . . , 

ndence and support of thinking people, 

An Adventurous Task, M. M. Myers 67 , _. , 

Education Suitable for Indian Life, I. S. Long ..68 north and SOUth. 

Brother Crumpacker Writes 73 The masses are disappointed, and we in 

Sharing Christ With India, H. Spenser Minnich ..74 the West may wonder if the former sleeping 

Notes From Our Fields 75 g i ant j s eventually to quiet down to become 

The Workers' Corner a sound sleeper again. Thoughtful observers 

Missionary News 78 of the situation will readily see that the 

Helping Others (Poem) 79 millennium for China cannot be ushered in 

The Task (Poem), Frank F. Morris 79 , , , , ., . , ■ . 

suddenly, and that permanent improvement 

The Women's Department w iU require long years. China is more 

From Our Aid Societies 80 hopeful than any of its governments. The 

An Ideal Aid Society, Mrs. U. C. Leab 81 seeds for a better d haye been SQwn aR(1 

lo Women s Missionary Societies, Nora M. 

Rhodes 81 are sure to bear fruit. 

Birthdays of Our Women Missionaries 82 The transfer of authority for schools and 

The Junior Missionary churches has been made from missionaries 

A Missionary Writes to His Son 83 to Chinese more rapidly and in a more 

Our Brown Brothers 84 wholesale fashion than one would volun- 

Some Late Snowballs 85 tarily choose ; but the specific demands of 

By the Evening Lamp 85 the gove rnment and the pressure of excited 

Last Years Missionary Projects 86 , ,. . . , . , , 

_ , „ public opinion during the past year have 

Financial Report 88 , , , . . , , . 

brought about in a few months what the 
; missionaries have been planning and pray- 
ing for through many years. The conse- 
rj« j • • I quences in the Church of the Brethren 
IliClltOiricll missions, so far as one is able to judge, have 

been almost uniformly happy. From a re- 

WHAT ABOUT CHINA NOW? port the game may ^ ^f^ missionary 

An anxious mother, whose daughter and wor k hi general throughout China. I am 

grandchildren are missionaries in China and not unmindful that there has been much 

have not been able to work at their station banditry and violence, but a certain amount 

during most of the past year, wonders how f this is inevitable as the accompaniment 

long this situation is to continue. Every- f a revolution. 

where people are asking about China. Meanwhile, there is a Christian church in 

The Revolution, begun in 1911, is obviously China. True, the number of its members 

still in progress; that is, the ideals of social may have decreased. A sifting has been 

betterment, national unity and democracy, going on. A Chinese proverb has it, " The 

and international equality, for which Sun fierce wind reveals the strong grass." The 

Yat Sen stood and which are embodied in fortitude of the early martyrs has been 

the Nationalist Movement, have taken firm required, to enable one to stand strong dur- 

hold on the thinking of enough Chinese to ing these disturbed days. 


The Missionary Visitor 


In the face of all this what shall the 
Church of the Brethren do about China? 
When a man is in trouble he needs Christ 
most. When a nation is going through a 
great transition she needs Christ most. I 
grant that the church finds ways of present- 
ing Christ difficult under present conditions. 
But the missionaries and the Chinese Chris- 
tians who are laboring faithfully on should 
feel the backing of the home church, and 
should be conscious of the spiritual oneness 
of the cause of Christ. If the Chinese are 
to solve their difficulties they must discover 
fundamental principles. Where shall they 
get them? Unhesitatingly we answer, from 
Christ, from the Christian church. Nothing 
will save China but a harmonious relation 
with the great Sustainer of the universe. 


One of the outstanding features of the 
Foreign Missions Conference in January was 
the announcement by Dr. A. L. Warnshuis, 
secretary of the conference : " It is quite 
possible that active negotiations for the 
revision of treaties between the United 
States and China will be under way at 
Washington within the next three months. 
In fact," Dr. Warnshuis added, " I am in- 
formed that at least three leading Chinese 
have been named by a Chinese government 
to take part in the negotiations." This an- 
nouncement was regarded by missionary 
leaders of all denominations as one of the 
most important that have been made on the 
question of the relationship of China to the 
United States government. 

It was pointed out by Dr. Warnshuis that, 
although there is considerable of a question 
as to what constitutes the " government of 
China," since there are three or four con- 
tending groups, he hoped the appointment of 
revision commissions by the present govern- 
ments in Peking and Nanking would be 
satisfactory to the American government. 
It is these two groups, he said, that are 
now naming the commissioners. 

The conference adopted a resolution ex- 
pressing " gratification at the declarations of 
the British and American governments of 
their readiness to consider a revision of the 
existing treaties with China whenever the 

Chinese agree to a commission representa- 
tive of China as a whole." The resolution 
also expressed the hope that advantage 
would be taken at the earliest opportunity 
to begin negotiations. 

William Boyd, advertising manager of the 
Curtis publications in Philadelphia, who re- 
cently spent eight months visiting missionary 
stations of Europe and India, said : " We 
must, as interpreters of Christ, be forever 
done with gunboat Christianity, with aero- 
plane-bombing Christianity, and with poison- 
gas Christianity." Dr. Rufus M. Jones, pro- 
fessor of philosophy in Haverford College, 
told the conference, in speaking on " Our 
Christian Task in a Materialistic World " : 
" We must either stop talking about Christ's 
ideals of life, or go on talking about them 
in both word and deed in the fell clutch of 
hard facts that may spell death to us as 
he did and they did in whose train we want 
to follow. There is no other way to build 
a Christian world — no other way except to 
be Christlike. We must meet this secular 
world — its prosperity, its smugness, its 
hard-boiled philosophy, its utilitarian aims — 
with a settled conviction that we are going 
all the way through with Christ and with a 
burning passion to be like him in life and 


Christmas is becoming a powerful factor 
in the life of India.. Its influence is larger 
and penetrates farther each year. Christ- 
mas gifts are exchanged by many Indians 
who do not regard themselves as Christians. 

In a small single shop in a bazaar in an 
Indian city, more than 8,000 Christmas cards 
were sold last year, and the manager of the 
shop estimated that at least two-thirds were 
sold to non-Christians. 

In some of the larger cities splendid com- 
munity Christmas services have been held 
with very good results. All the public is 
invited, and representatives from Hindus and 
Moslems have united with the Christians in 
a public Christmas celebration. Isn't that 
fine? That is a Christmas present of im- 
mortal value. — Correspondence from A. G. 


The Missionary Visitor 


An Adventurous Task 

Author's Note. 

As this article is written to supplement the outline 
for the March 25 Y. P. D. program for those who 
do not have the book, " The Adventure of the 
Church," by Cavert, referred to in the topic book, 
I am using the same subject and following in part 
the author's treatment of it. 

AMERICA is called a Christian nation. 
Many of her first settlers were Chris- 
tian people, seeking a land free 
from religious persecution. Many customs 
and traditions originated in a Christian set- 
ting, and Christian ideals are embodied and 
incorporated into the constitution, inter- 
twined and interwoven into the very fabric 
of our American life. And many good peo- 
ple have thought that what was American 
was Christian, and what was Christian was 
also American. Of course there were always 
some who realized that there was a marked 
distinction between the two terms. To have 
questioned the Christianity of our country 
would have been shocking to many. And 
for a while we lived in more or less of that 

But in recent years we are finding our- 
selves in a new world, made so partly by 
modern inventions and communications. The 
galleries of the world are listening in on us 
now and are whispering their approval, and 
at the same time offering their criticism, 
much of which cuts to the quick. The im- 
pact of our Western civilization has ex- 
tended to practically every part of the world. 
Its material progress and marvelous achieve- 
ments are widely known. It made itself felt 
both by what it accomplished at home and 
by the armies of trade and of missionaries 
which it sent to every nook and corner of 
the earth, particularly in the Orient. The 
first contacts of the Asiatic people with the 
West, mainly through physical strength and 
military force, were embarrassing to them. 
Several of the nations sought to study, adopt 
and appropriate all such things from the 
West as would serve their purpose to put 
them on equal footing with their physically 
superior nations, and Japan has succeeded 
very well. Students from these Eastern na- 
tions flocked to the West to study our ideas 
and our ideals, our methods and our achive- 
ments, our education and our civilization. 

Missionary to China 

And they not only learned our strength but 
also our weakness. They were trained in 
methods and equipped with ability to eval- 
uate their own civilization and compare it 
with that of the West. They have studied 
our Christian religion from the Bible and 
church history, and observed our attitudes 
and the way we live. In their own countries 
they have seen what to them are conflicting 
elements and inconsistent practices of peo- 
ple from the Occident. The business inter- 
ests on the one hand are out in these coun- 
tries for profits, and they exploit the native 
people to make them ; and on the other 
hand they see the missionaries creating and 
spreading goodwill and friendship. Often be- 
cause of their close association with com- 
mercial interests that exploit and embarrass, 
the noble efforts of missionaries are de- 

Since having studied and observed the 
civilization of the West, leaders of influence 
in the East are challenging the idea that 
Occidental civilization is superior. Gandhi of 
India " pictures the West as worshiping 
worldly success and physical force while 
India reverences men of spiritual vision. 
Captivated by the Sermon on the Mount, 
with its ideals of gentleness, humility, sim- 
plicity, and love, he sees the West rendering 
lip-service only." Claiming Jesus as the 
greatest Personality of history, he believes 
India is more true to the essential spirit 
of Jesus than is England or America. What 
does all this mean? For one thing, it means 
that the Orient is reacting against Western 
civilization, and placing more importance up- 
on their own. It means also that Christianity 
and Western civilization are not one and the 
same thing. This ought to help relieve us 
of that "superiority complex" attributed to 
the Anglo-Saxon folks, for others do not 
think as well of us as we are inclined to 
think of ourselves. 

Christianity and Christ. In these days it 
is not enough to discriminate between Chris- 
tianity and Western civilization. We must 
go further and distinguish between what is 
Christian and what is not Christian; what 
(Continued on Page 95) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Education Suitable for Indian Life 

Aims and Activities of the Vocational Training School, Anklesvar 


BEFORE establishing this school there 
had grown up widespread dissatisfac- 
tion with mission village secular and 
Sunday-schools. The lack is mainly that of 
teachers who not only have a genuine in- 
terest in the village folks, but who have the 
desire and ability to put across what they 
know in an interesting way. 

With the thought of the teacher in view, 
in the year 1922 our mission drew up the 
following as a general policy: 

The demands of village life should deter- 
mine our policy. 

1. We should aim at a community center 
designated to touch life at every possible 
point— intellectual, economic, moral, re- 
ligious, social. 

2. The village worker should be a recog- 
nized center and moving agent in com- 
munity activity, and hence should be 
given an all-round training so as to be 
able to touch life effectually. He should 

e. Able to lead in the improvement of cul- 

tivation and crop production and dis- 

f. Any and all activities allied with village 

life are considered a legitimate scope 
of the teacher's work and hence of his 
training in school; e. g., masonry, 
brick and tile making, pottery, tape- 
weaving, blacksmithing, first aid, etc. 


The Vocational Training School was 
opened June 6, 1924, and 15 young men pre- 
sented themselves as candidates for the 
teachers' class. In connection with this class 
a primary school was opened, which near- 
by village children attended. At first we 
had but one teacher, second-year trained, 
for this primary school, and only about fif- 
teen pupils attended. Year by year this 
school has improved in both quality and 
numbers of children. Our own trained boys 

Opening Day of the Vocational School 

a. A good teacher, capable of conducting 
a village school along approved lines 
and according to the best methods. 

b. Able to train village children in devel- 

oping a school garden. 

c. Able to help the villagers build more 

sanitary houses. This involves train- 
ing in hygiene and sanitation, as well 
as in carpentry and other trades. 

d. Able to teach and assist the villagers 

in the production of better cattle, of 
dairy products, and of improved poul- 

have been teachers in this school since the 
first year. 

In the first year teachers' class we had 
two qualified instructors, one whose special- 
ty was that of principles and methods of 
teaching, and the other, a B. Ag., who 
taught theory and practice of agriculture. 

With the opening of the second session, a 
year later, all the seventh-standard boys of 
the mission, together with a second class of 


The Missionary Visitor 


A Fine Pair of Bullocks 

The purchase price for this pair of bullocks was furnished a reliable farmer by the Bulsar Christian 
Cooperative Bank. It loans to farmers, dairymen and wage earners either on real estate or personal 
security. The common people of India are often under the heel of the money lender. Christians are 
unable to become respectable because they are slaves to debt. The mission treasurer, L. A. Blickenstaff, 
has organized this bank and loans are made on reasonable rates of interest. 

first year boys, were sent to us, and we 
began the system of holding the seventh- 
standard boys for two years and the first- 
year boys for a year and a half. We have 
held to the government curriculum and 
examination in either case, but the cur- 
riculum has been enriched to include sys- 
tematic instruction in the Bible, theory and 
practice of agriculture, carpentry, English, 
village social and economic problems, etc. 
The English is taught as far as possible by 
the direct method. 

For boys in either class a scholarship of 
seven rupees (a rupee is worth- 28c) is given. 
As a matter of fact, at this place it requires 
more than this amount for the supply of 
food for growing boys. The rest of the 
needed expense for bedding, clothing, inci- 
dentals, etc., boys are asked to earn by daily 
labor, whether in the shop, farm or garden. 
To give boys an incentive to work and in 
addition to earning a certain amount 
monthly, to learn to do by doing, the Project 
Idea was instituted both inside and outside 
the school. 

We endeavor to get the class or the in- 
dividual to undertake some purposeful activ- 
ity and carry it out to a finish. Having a 
large farm of black cotton soil to operate, 

and a good carpenter foreman from the 
start, we began to provide projects in their 
natural setting. This was held to for in- 
tensive or extensive farming, poultry raising, 
care of stock, etc., as well as for the teacher 
in the classroom itself. 

From the first boys were given individual 
plots of ground in both field and garden, 
the net proceeds from which became their 
very own. Each one needed additional in- 
come, and here under the supervision of the 
agricultural teacher was his chance to earn 
it. This worked far better than large group 
activity, we found, and for the first ten 
months when the numbers were low the 
boys made a net profit of $1.50 per month. 
The next-two years, being rather poor ones 
for this district, the boys' earnings were not 
nearly 'so much. 

The Farm 

The. school farm contains 135 acres of 
tillable land, 65 acres of which are culti- 
vated by the boys. The rest is rented. The 
boys are this year divided into five groups, 
as follows : The first-year boys, the trades 
class, and the seventh classes, divided into 
three groups, according to the districts 
whence they came. We are not having 


The Missionary Visitor 


individual plots this season. Fields are 
allotted in such a way that each group has 
a diversified line of crops. 

The cultivation is done by the use of 
three yokes of oxen, furnished by the mis- 
sion. Two yokes are driven by the boys 
themselves. A disc harrow and one iron 
plow of Indian manufacture are used. The 
general farm work, however, is done by 
means of the usual country tools, which for 
the current year happen to have been made 
by the boys in the school shop. 

Boys pay the current rate for the number 
of days the school bullocks are used by them 
in their fields. They also pay for seed and 
incidental expenses. By way of encourage- 
ment, they are given the land at low rental, 
just slightly more than the government tax. 

The School Shop 

In the shop an effort has been made to 
keep the instruction on a productive basis. 
A syllabus is followed to a certain extent, 
yet we have found that a syllabus must be 
kept in the background if boys are to ad- 
vance well beyond the stage of manual 
training. It is our experience that boys, 
given a financial incentive that is reason- 
able, can produce from the beginning 
something that has value. In this way they 
advance more rapidly than they would 

merely by practicing on small models. 

The demands of a school shop are wide 
and varied. Recently a babul tree was pur- 
chased from a near-by village. This is now 
being worked up into plows and harrows, 
several being for sale, and the rest being 
kept for use on the school farm. 

During the past year the boys under the 
supervision of the carpenter foreman were 
called upon to do the carpenter work on 
several large buildings and two cottages. 
Doors and windows were supplied for two 
other houses and several village houses were 
repaired by our boys. 

Then there are always miscellaneous 
orders for repairs ; also orders for chairs, 
book cases, tables, bread boards, etc. An 
effort is made to keep the range of projects 
as varied as possible. Only by such a course 
can sufficient opportunities for the develop- 
ment of a complete list of skills and practices 
be offered to the boys. 

For the most part the tools used are those 
found in the ordinary village. Each boy 
has an adz, plane, try square, foot rule, 3 
chisels, 2 mortise chisels, and a small saw. 
Rip-saws, cross-cut saws, brace and bits, 
steel squares, etc., are supplied as needed 
from the foreman's cupboard. Each boy has 
a small compartment in which to store his 
tools, under lock and key, and each one has 

John Paul and the Office Desk He Made 


The Missionary Visitor 


his own number stamped on his tools by 
means of a steel die. In this way the loss 
of tools is reduced to a minimum. Boys 
pay for tools lost or broken due to careless- 
ness. We have, moreover, thought the boys 
succeed best when seated on the earthen 
floor in the usual way. 

We are introducing blacksmithing into 
the shop. Here as in the main shop an 
effort will be made to provide the boys with 
opportunities for developing the skills and 
practices necessary for the making of the 
iron tools for the average village farm. 
Poultry Husbandry 

The boys by three-month turns care for 
a small flock of White Leghorn fowls. This 
work is new, only one year old here, but 
it has fortunately paid a modest profit from 
the start. Due to local conditions, rather 
substantial quarters have had to be built. 
These quarters were erected by the boys. 

Some work is being done in cross-breed- 
ing with country hens. This is done in the 
hope of developing a fowl that will be able 
to endure the hardships of the village better 
than pure-bred fowls are likely to do. 

The Cooperative Bank 

The question of how best to keep the 
boys' accounts faces every institution's staff. 
Boys who work and earn desire to know 
without a shade of doubt that their accounts 
are correct and that they are getting all 
that is due them. 

Some of the boys come to us from in- 
different homes, where education is not 
valued. Such come poorly supplied with 
bedding, clothing, etc. Moreover, while 
trades boys receive a small income monthly, 
the boys who grow juwar and cotton have 
to wait for months before getting into their 
hands any profits from their labors. It 
follows that one may have what the other 
needs. To give the one group a chance to 
aid the other, and to teach all in actual 
practice the advantage of cooperation in 
finance, a school bank was opened Jan. 11, 
1927. This makes possible deposit on the 
part of boys who have earnings, and bor- 
rowing in an honorable way on the part of 
those who need either for personal ends or 
to finance their growing crops. The bank 
is really a junior government cooperative 
society. The regular government forms 
and methods are used. 

Each of the four classes in school elects 
one member on the managing committee. 
These four elect one member at large, after 
which one of the five is chosen secretary. 
The farm foreman, a graduate of our own 
school, is advisory secretary of the bank. 
Deposits at present range from two annas 
to about eight rupees, and shares sell for 
four annas each. Any boy who is a mem- 
ber may borrow, and six per cent interest 
is charged on all loans. The boys them- 
selves drew up the rule that anyone wish- 
ing to borrow should bring two members 
as security, each of whom is to have more 
money in the bank than the applicant 
wishes to borrow, and boys who serve as 
security cannot without special permission 
withdraw their deposits while loans are in 

It is too early to speak intelligently of 
this special venture. At any rate the boys 
are all pleased with the idea, and con- 
fidence is established. The management, 
moreover, is relieved of the need, apparent 
or real, for making loans to the boys. This 
is great gain indeed. The bank provides a 
quiet yet persuasive force, impelling boys 
either to stand on their own legs or to 
look to their fellows for aid in time of need. 

The Stores 

A small store was opened. Goods are 
bought at merchants' rates instead of the 
ordinary retail rates, thus meaning a saving 
to the boys. One boy acts as merchant and 
does the work both of merchant and ac- 
countant. He sells soap, matches, ink, pens, 
cloth for all the boys' needs, grain, vegeta- 
bles, tea, sugar, etc. 

Boys take interest in their own store and 
it is a going concern, and in line with the 
new education. They are learning many 
practical things from this venture. 

Student Government 
The school has had practical self-govern- 
ment from the beginning. Twice only has 
a teacher butted in, contrary to this prin- 
ciple, and brought upon himself the deserved 
censure of the group. It is most interesting 
and encouraging, moreover, the way a group 
of boys, with a little tactful guidance, will 
manage their own community affairs. We 
have no housefather at all. It is true that 
the head teacher does look after the food 


The Missionary Visitor 


bills to see that all have been paid, and 
that every boy pays his share of the food 
expense. Also we have one teacher with 
the boys by night during study period, but 
he is a helping teacher, merely, and not a 
police, keeping order. 

School committees on the job at present 
are as follows: 

1. The mess committee, who look after all 
the bazarring for the main group. 

2. Lighting committee, who look after the 
lamps of both school and hostels. 

3. First aid committee, who look after the 

4. The municipal committee, who look after 
the premises, keeping them dry and clean, 
without and within. 

5. Social welfare committee, whose duties 
are to provide entertainment, programs, 
etc., monthly. 

6. The panchayat, who look into all dis- 
turbances, apportioning fines, punishment, 
etc. It is gratifying to be able to say 
that they have little work to do. 

All these committeemen change every 
month, the panchayat committeemen being 
the exceptions, and each one serving on 
committees is elected by ballot. 

Illustrative of how self-government works 

of the panchayat, backed up by the group, 
or else leave the school. The self-govern- 
ment idea in the school has prevailed! 

The Cottage System 

From the beginning it was our plan to 
have this system, but for lack of the cot- 
tages we could not introduce it till this 
session. At present, three groups of boys 
may be found living as families, doing their 
own bazarring, cooking, managing their own 
affairs wholly, and they are surely enjoying 
it, and getting real experience of life. This 
was not forced upon them, but opportunity 
was merely given the student body to 

Having so much work to do and of varied 
sorts, it is not our purpose to keep any 
group in this system for several years, as 
if preparing them for cooks. 

Record of Former Students 

Friends on visiting are sure to ask about 
the record of former students, hence this 
paragraph. Nineteen young boys have 
passed out of our first-year class for teach- 

New Boys' School at Anklesvar 

here, I give the following: Certain boys 
had the habit of being late at the morning 
prayers. Their tardiness was distracting to 
the rest. The panchayat decided each one 
should carry twenty baskets of dirt by way 
of road improvement. Since then these 
boys are on time. 

Other boys acted as if they had the right 
to use abusive language to younger boys. 
After handling several rather difficult cases, 
with the aid of one of the staff, the group 
made up their minds that every one will 
eventually have to abide by the decision 

ers, and have their first-year government 
certificate. Several others failed in the 
examinations. It would be false to say that 
all these teachers are a success. Some get 
into this class who should have been sent 
home after trial. Some expect fine flour 
from a poor grist. No staff can furnish 
ability to one who simply doesn't have 
ability along this line. Some unfortunately 
fancy teaching more of a gentleman's job 
than the doing of manual labor. 

However, we are able to say we hear 

(Continued on Page 87) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Brother Crumpacker Writes 

Ping Ting Chow, Shansi, China, Jan. 2, 1928 

ON Dec. 30, 1927, the joint executive 
committee of the mission held a 
meeting and decided among other 
things that the yearly meeting for 1928 
should be held regardless of the disturbed 
conditions. The 1927 yearly meeting did not 
convene and a good many of the duties of 
this meeting were either pushed back or 
performed by the executive committees. 
This time the plans are to have the meeting 
during the vacation that is occasioned by the 
Chinese New Year festivities, which will be 
in the latter part of January and the first 
part of February. Our meeting is appointed 
for Feb. 3. If some unexpected condition 
does not come in to prevent we will be com- 
ing together at that time with a view to 
transacting the regular business of the mis- 

In recent years this has been done by a 
delegate body and the larger per cent of 
the delegates are Chinese. 

At the recent meetings held the writer 
was present at most of the sessions, and it 
was a real joy to see the way the Chinese 
participated, and also the way they trans- 
acted the business. 

Several very grave problems were tackled 
and disposed of. It was very noticeable to 
see that the committeemen were contending 
for a solution that would be fair to all. 

The budget for 1929 was being passed 
upon and in a couple of cases it was re- 
ferred back to the station for revision, so 
it would not be out of proportion with the 
calls from other places. There was a real 
effort to keep the asked-for budget to a 
minimum. There were calls from one sta- 
tion, asking for a raise in salaries of sev- 
eral teachers. The call was pushed back 
one year. It is easily evident that living 
expenses are higher than last year, but the 
leaders say we will have to suffer some with 
the rest of the suffering people of China. 
The writer felt that the effort to be just 
and fair was several times brought to the 

Another thing that was in evidence to the 
writer (especially since he has not been in 
a general business meeting in China for 
about three years) was the freedom with 

which the Chinese leaders discussed prob- 
lems in which both Chinese and foreigners 
were involved. There was no spirit of 
criticism, but there was a spirit of making 
plans that would get the work done regard- 
less of who was concerned. It was not a 
disregard of foreigners, but rather a healthy 
emphasis on what action would bring the 
greatest good to the work. One could not 
help but make a contrast in the growth of 
interest and independence that has come 
about in the last three years. There was 
no desire, or even intimation, to get rid of 
the foreigners, but they regarded the advices 
of the foreigners every time when it was 
for the betterment of the work. 

The interests of our Middle School were 
discussed and a call was sent to the principal 
of the school, urging him to get back as 
soon as possible, to take care of conditions 
in the school that were very much in need 
of the principal's advices and decisions. 

A desire was felt that some committee be 
sent out by the yearly meeting, to have a 
conference with the stations and with de- 
partments in the stations with a view to 
coordinating the work. There was a hope 
expressed that the executive committee 
might make trips to the stations and carry 
out this kind of helpfulness. 

So far as the writer could see there was 
a real desire in every action that what was 
being done would work out for progress. 
To move forward seemed to be the unex- 
pressed call from all. 

The meetings were presided over by 
Chinese leaders, and the Chinese secretary 
positions were held by Chinese. The Eng- 
lish secretary work was done by Sister 
Minneva Neher. 

The writer was exceedingly well pleased 
to see the work taking on new life in the 
hands of the Chinese leaders. This is 
healthy and has the right ring. God bless 
the Chinese leaders. 

We should give God the same place in 
our hearts that he holds in the universe. 

Religion is the life of God in the soul of 

The Missionary Visitor 

Sharing Christ With India 

B. Y. P. D. Missionary Project, 1928 



THE Church of the Brethren is en- 
gaged in a great missionary enter- 
prise in India. The work is clas- 
sified under such heads as evangelistic, edu- 
cational, and medical. The General Mis- 
sion Board has given the missionaries 
authority to draw on the home church to 
the sum of $26,000 in 1928 for evangelism. 
This includes preaching at regular mis- 
sion stations, evangelistic meetings, tent 
tours by missionaries and native workers 
into country districts and new villages, dis- 
tribution of the Scrip- 
tures in whole or part, 
talks about Christ at 
the hospital dispensa- 
ries, special Bible teach- 
ing of women and dis- 
tribution of evangelistic 

The B. Y. P. D. Task 

A new day has come 
for young people. They 
are heard in the coun- 
cils of the church. 
Likewise they are given 
the responsibilities of 
the church. The Gen- 
eral Mission Board as- 
signs this far-reaching 
work to the young peo- 
ple. The money con- 
tributed will give credit 
to the local congrega- 
tion on the Conference 

How the Plan May Be 

Worked in a B. 

Y. P. D. 

Where the young 
people meet as a de- 
partment, offerings may 
be brought weekly or 
monthly as the group 
decides. Many depart- 
ments will set a goal 
f c r the year and work 

toward it. An Every-Member Canvass to 
secure each person's pledge for the year 
would bring the need definitely to every 
young person. 

Through Sunday-school Classes 
Where the young people do not meet in 
a department, but have one class or more, 
the foregoing plans may be made just as 

In the Weekly Church Offering 

In churches, receiving an offering in the 
(Continued on Page 96) 

Proclaiming the Abundant Life 

Evangelism in India will cost the Church of the Brethren $26,000 in 1 928. This large, far-reaching effort is being 

financed by the young people of the church. Students in our colleges are 

tackling $5. COO of the total amount. 

The blank spaces below are for use in recording pledges made by individuals, classes or groups. Thev may be 

used to record monthly payments. As soon as the pledge in a particular space is 

cettled it should have "PAID" written across it. 



Ymi -q(V A\ <* r\ *7s 




Pi id 












*TpTLT\q> Indies *6o 












Attach Reports Here 





The Missionary Visitor 


Notes from Our Fields 

General Notes for December, 1927 

Sent by Lulu U. Coffman 

The Nationalist army is slowly coming 
North. Feng Yu Hsing's power seems to be 
increasing. Chang Tso Lin's position is be- 
coming more precarious and he is with- 
drawing his army from North Shansi and 
they are talking peace. 

Mr. Liu Fu Jung, one of our most promis- 
ing young Christians, was stricken with 
tuberculosis in October while attending Yen 
Ching College, here in Peking. He was 
taken to the Peking Union Medical College 
Hospital and stayed there until Christmas; 
then was a little better and went back to 
Yen Ching. He hopes to arrange to go to 
a sanatorium in the Western Hills, not far 
from Peking, for a couple of months, and 
then back to his home in Liao Chou. He has 
no money, and gets a bit discouraged some- 
times, but the Chinese church needs him, for 
capable leaders are so few. Won't you pray 
with us for his recovery? 

Dr. Coffman writes from Pingting (Dec. 
16) : " I have so far found the students to 
be in good health and with the exception of 
a little undernourishment in a few cases 
(mostly those that live at home), they seem 
to be growing well and compare favorably 
with school-children in America. At the 
hospital there are about 35 in-patients and 
an equal number of out-patients daily. Have 
three babies in the nursery. Have the X- 
ray running again. Used it on a gunshot 
fracture of leg and for the extraction of a 
bullet a couple of days ago. Most of the 
military cases go to T'aiyuan, only the more 
serious ones being brought here, which is 
as it should be, I think. We are putting in 
the steam engine for the light plant, as the 
old gas engine is about on its last legs, so 
to speak. The nurses are writing their 
examinations just now, but will finish this 
week. After that regular school work be- 
gins again. Dr. Hsu has surgery, medicine, 
materia medica, and bacteriology ; I shall try 
to teach eye and X-ray, and Miss Flory will 
give practical nursing, dietetics, etc." 


Ping Ting Men's Evangelistic 

F. H. Crumpacker 
One of our out-station headquarters has 
been occupied by soldiers for more than a 
month. The evangelist who made that his 
headquarters has had to be out in other 
places all the time. He has also been hin- 
dered in his work, for the locality has been 
in confusion most of the time. Fear of 
fighting near there has kept the people so 

uneasy that they would hardly stop to listen 
to the Gospel message. Also the village 
officials have been pressed by the soldier 
officials to furnish grain for the animals, 
food for the soldiers, and money to buy 
ammunition; and, in short, the place was so 
busy with other things that not much real 
evangelistic work could be done. 

At one of the other places the evangelist 
has been very busy, for in addition to his 
pastoring the members he has undertaken 
the teaching of a school for poor children a 
part of each day except Saturday and Sun- 
day. In the meantime his good wife became 
the mother of a boy. This is their first, and 
so the parents have much to rejoice over, 
for even though they are Christian leaders 
they have not outgrown the idea that it is 
nicer to have a boy born to them than a girl. 

At another of our out-stations the evan- 
gelist and his wife have been enabled to 
make contacts with several of the better 
homes in the city. The writer was present 
at one of their Sunday morning services, 
when two of the city, or rather district, 
officers were present with their wives and 
several other prominent women of the city, 
in addition to the few members living at the 
place. These contacts are well worth hav- 
ing for the prestige they give to the church. 
That county has suffered some persecution 
in local places, and since this intercourse 
with the officials and better classes has been 
established, the persecution to the Christians 
has practically ceased. 

The most exciting event at one of the 
other out-stations in the past month was the 
wedding of the eldest son of the evangelist. 
Here there was a good bit more show than 
necessary, and some of the old marriage cus- 
toms were carried over, making the wedding 
stand, not so much as an example to the 
outsiders, as it raised a question mark in 
the minds of some of the folks who had 
known something of the teachings of the 
church on these things. It shows that words 
without a follow-up of consistent living does 
not count. We will have to go on teaching 
and see if it is possible to get away from 
these old customs. I feel personally that it 
will take the second generation before this 
transformation can be fully made. 

In our other out-station there has been 
a lively interest. Just at this writing they 
are having a fall Bible class for their mem- 
bers, and have some outside help, among 
whom is Miss Schaeffer, Here they plan to 
lead up to a big rally at Christmas. This 
place gives us glad hearts, and we hope the 
other places will take heart and do likewise. 
It is as it should be, so we think. 

The Missionary Visitor 


At Ping Ting the pastor and the writer 
have been busy with a Bible class for four 
weeks and now are teaching several in- 
quirers preparatory to baptismal services. 
In a week from now will take place the 
baptisms, and that will be followed by our 
communion, and then we will have our 
Christmas meetings, which are always 
entered into very heartily by the students. 

The writer has been invited by the city 
Middle School principal to teach some 
English. If I can get time for this it will 
again establish a fine contact between the 
government school and the mission. This 
good feeling has nearly always been in 
evidence at our station, for which we are 
wonderfully thankful. 

Dec. 16, 1927. 

Shou Yang Notes for November and 

Unsettled conditions, due to the Shansi- 
Chihli war, and the opposition caused by the 
propaganda of the " Kuo Min Tang" (Peo- 
ple's Party) have made work in the country 
districts during the last two months difficult, 
if not almost impossible. A proposed itiner- 
ary into the Pei Ho district (60 li from 
Shou Yang) by the women evangelists, at 
the close of the harvest season, was hin- 
dered by the opposition in that region, which 
the local evangelist there felt would make 
it unwise for them to venture into the field 
at that time. ; Reports from there since 
seem to indicate that the opposition has sub- 
sided, so it may be "possible to go into that 
field again before so long. Just at the time 
plans were all made for opening a class in 
phonetic script for the women in Tsung Ai, 
the war took on more serious aspects, which 
made the people very uneasy everywhere, 
making it necessary to give up plans for the 
class. Effort was made to do a bit of work 
in another one of our out-stations, Chin 
Ch'uan, but the unsettled state of affairs 
made it impossible to do more there than 
to encourage and comfort the hearts of the 

However, in the early part of November, 
in response to an urgent invitation from a 
Christian Who lived in a village some thirty 
li from Shou Yang, Sister Neher with Sister 
Kung made a- visit into this section, where 
our women workers had never gone. We 
stayed in the home of the Christian and 
found a most hearty welcome in the homes 
of his friends and fellow-villagers. The 
women seemed to be especially open to the 
gospel message, and we felt our invitation to 
that village was indeed a call from God. 
This section, shut off a bit from the main 
lines of travel, seemed to be practically un- 
touched by the world outside. We felt much 
of the openness was due to contacts with 
many of these women during fairs at Shou 

Yang. They remembered having seen us, 
and were glad to have a chance to welcome 
us into their homes. 

The local work here in the city has not 
been much interfered with by the prevailing 
conditions. Individual teaching of women 
to read the Chinese character is the method 
we are using to concentrate upon those who 
are most interested. Since the last writing 
two more women have started reading. One 
is the wife of a painter. Their two children 
are in the kindergarten and are having a 
very wholesome influence on the parents. 
The mother said that the children every 
night kneel down on their brick bed and 
pray to Jesus. "A little child shall lead 
them " is as true in China as elsewhere. 

Agitation by the Kuo Min Tang here in 
the city has died down, and we hear very 
little. It is worthy of mention that the 
leader of the party, a former teacher in our 
boys' school, during the last month seems 
to have changed his attitude towards the 
church, for he is often seen on the mission 
compound in conversation with the evan- 
gelists or other workers. We thank God 
for this change, and pray that he may be 
led to see the truth of the religion which 
he had been opposing. 

November 19 and 20 the regular fall coun- 
cil meeting, baptism and love-feast services 
were held. During the month preceding 
these meetings the men evangelists spent 
most of the time itinerating in the country 
districts, endeavoring to get in touch with 
all the Christians. The attendance at these 
meetings far exceeded our expectations, for 
with conditions so unsettled the Christians 
all felt a bit reluctant about leaving their 
homes. As it was there were close to sev- 
enty who came in from the country to 
attend the meetings. Bro. Crumpacker, at 
the invitation of the Christians here, came 
over from Ping Ting and assisted in the 
services. His splendid inspirational ad- 
dresses were greatly appreciated. At the 
baptismal services three girls, two women, 
and eleven men and boys entered into a 
covenant relationship with their Savior. 
The two women are wives of Christian 
workers here, and are among those who are 
learning to read the Chinese character. 
Their becoming Christian makes us especial- 
ly happy, as it means there are two more 
homes in which the husband and wife are 
united in Christ. One of the men who were 
baptized is blind, and one of his favorite 
songs is " He Leadeth Me." Some eighty 
brethren and sisters surrounded the Lord's 
table and partook of ihe love feast and com- 
munion of our Lord. The Lord was present 
to bless in all of the services, and all who 
came departed blessed, we feel sure. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Christmas was a happy time in Shou Yang 
in spite of wars without and financial 
stringency within. On Christmas eve the 
men's and women's evangelistic groups gave 
a program. Scenes were presented from 
" Pilgrim's Progress " is a very realistic way 
and a real evangelistic message was given 
to the audience as they followed Christian 
through all his temptations and pitfalls. The 
community people here turn out in great 
numbers for all the Christmas programs. On 
the afternoon of the 24th the women and 
children from the community gathered in 
the ladies' house for their Christmas meet- 
ings. In one room some thirty women as- 
sembled and listened to Sister Hsing, our 
Chinese doctor's wife, as she told them the 
meaning of Christmas and what the coming 
of Christ meant to the women of China. At 
the same time in another room were some 
forty-five children, happy in their celebra- 
tion with the head evangelist's wife, Mrs. 
Ho, leading them. If the American boys 
and girls who have made little gifts for the 
Chinese children could see the happiness and 
joy that these gifts bring to the childish 
hearts they would feel well repaid for all 
they have done. Little red bags of sweets 
and nuts were given to each little child, too, 
making his or her cup of happiness full. To 
each of the mothers a little gift of a picture 
(also made by American children) was 
given. The Chinese love pretty things and 
are always glad for pretty pictures. Our 
supply of Christmas gifts is almost ex- 
hausted, as nothing came this year from 
America. We trust ere another Christmas 
arrives conditions will be such that more 
gifts can come from America to these dear 
little Chinese boys and girls. 

The boys' and girls' schools gave their 
program on Christmas evening, and a very 
nice and well-prepared program it was, too. 
It was interesting to see the amount of time 
and energy that the Chinese have put into 
the preparations to make Christmas a happy 
time. This year, with everything mostly in 
their hands, it seems they took a keener 
interest than ever before. Some of their 
ways of celebrating seem quite strange to 
us, but to them quite appropriate of express- 
ing their joy. For instance, on Christmas 
eve most all in the compound and the older 
pupils from the schools assembled on the 
mission compound, which was gaily illumi- 
nated with paper lanterns made by them- 
selves for the occasion. They kept the air 
resonant with popping firecrackers and drum 
beating and fife playing. As Christmas day 
dawned they ushered it in singing their 
pretty Christmas carols. It was close to two 
o'clock in the morning after Christmas day 
had been properly ushered in, that they or 
any one else attempted to sleep. Christmas 
morning, however, found them all gathered 
for a Christmas worship program in the 
chapel of the boys' school. 

Christmas day was saddened a bit, as we 
were called to pay the last rites to one of 
the women whom we have been teaching 
for about a year. Her husband seems to be 
really interested in the Gospel, and was 
eager for us to come and have a bit of 
worship ere she was carried to her last 
resting place. As he talked to us about her 
going he said: "Her dying was different 
from that of other folks. She went easily 
with a smile on her face." Then he went 
on to say, " The road she was going I want 
to go, too !" Pray for him ! 

Christmas day seems to always be a chal- 
lenge to the anti-Christian movement. Here 
in Shou Yang they did nothing except put 
posters all over the mission compound walls 
with such statements as these: "Down with 
imperialism!" "Down with the running 
dogs of the foreigners!" "Out with the 



Down with their education. 

There was no procession or shouting, as 
there has been sometimes. Leaflets were 
scattered about, denouncing the mission, 
missionaries and Christians. The movement 
stated they were now too busy with the war 
campaign to pay much attention to us. It 
is reported that they have threatened to 
drive out the mission and take over the 
property for themselves. We are not 
alarmed at their threats, for so far they have 
done nothing but talk. What they might 
do in the future no one knows. But we 
trust in God, who is mightier than all. 


H. Stover Kulp 

The month of October is the last in the 
rainy season. The rains this year have been 
exceptionally good. The crops will be the 
best that have been harvested for years in 
this section of Nigeria. This is a special 
matter for rejoicing, because last season 
there was a great drought and very small 

Kulp's and Mallott were in Garkida in 
October for the regular Field Committee 
meeting and in order to complete some 
language work that had been under prepa- 
ration for some time. 


The Field Committee meeting in October 
was quite a busy one, owing to the fact 
that five of our number were soon to leave 
on furlough and four workers were expected 
to arrive on the field in a short time. 

On Oct. 24 we bid farewell to the Beahms, 
the Heckmans and Bro. Mallott. Our 
wishes for a helpful and restful furlough go 
with them. 

(Continued on Page 82) 


The Missionary Visitor 


The editor invites helpful contributions for this department of the Visitor 

Missionary News 

Cost of Foreign Missions the interests of the Methodist Episcopal 

Statement of Expenditures by the Foreign Mission Board of Foreign Missoins. 

Boards of the United States and Canada for « tvt 1 u r j ,1 

the Fiscal Year 1926 to 1927 M *ny globe trotters try to find the 

Chj na $ 9,629,772.00 worse phases of the social life of the coun- 

Japan, Korea 5,458,037.00 tries they visit," says Mr. Boyd, " and do 

India, Ceylon 5,859,969.00 not see k or see the benefits that missionaries 

Africa (Negro) 1,963, 430 .00 haye contributed to those lands Th after 

Near East— North Africa 1,099,661.00 . «.',.. , • 

Latin America (incl. West Indies, spending their days playing bridge and their 

Central America) 3,311,110.00 nights in dancing, they return to say they 

Oceania (incl. East Indies) .... 186,333.00 saw nothing of missionary results. 

Other Areas 1,656,938.00 u * ' ; . 

Unclassified 239,452.00 J believe that every dollar invested in 

foreign missions has produced greater re- 
Total $29,404,702.00 turns than any dollar invested in any human 

These figures represent the latest returns. enterprise. There is no incompetency in the 
Sixty-eight out of eighty-three Foreign carrying on of mission work or in the man- 
Mission Boards represented in the Foreign agement of its funds ; and there is not so 
Missions Conference of North America have much wasteful competition in the work as 
reported. The grand total and totals by is to be found everywhere in business." 
areas are therefore incomplete. Of those ^ ^ 
societies whose returns have not been re- Jhe Waynesboro Missionary Association 
ceived to date, the largest are: China In- . . . . 
land Mission, Seventh Day Adventists, Pres- ,J he ""^onary association of the 
byterian Chnrch of Canada, and Christian Waynesboro congregation, Southern Penn- 
,,. . • -kit t a sylvania, was again enabled a year ago to 
Missions in Many Lands. ' B J & ., 
, T .. £ . c • • „„ make an offer to double any amount raised 
More than forty foreign missionary . . / 
: . . . , T ,, A . , j- for foreign mission work by any bunday- 
societies in North America report expendi- f . : . : 

„-,, . • ^ 1 -3A u • school class or other organization in the 

tures in China; approximately 30 each in . . , A , A ,. 

T ,. T Ar . j Ti -A • 1 church, lhe association agreed to do this 

India, Japan, Africa and Latin America ; less . . ° 

, - XT T-, ^ , XT ,, in addition to paying the regular amount 

than a score in the Near East and North * f & . . 6 

. . . i • j j 1 r • for the support of a missionary. 

Africa combined and only five or six in Y . , 

~ . A committee was appointed to have this 


j» j» matter in hand for the year. This committee 

_ ^ . . . <•»*•• t r\ was composed of Brethren E. R. Stitely, A. 

Says Criticism of Missions Is Due to e 

H. Ressler, and M. B. Horst. 

The various organizations accepted the 

(Extract from Address at Foreign Missions . .. . . .. ,* . T . „ 

Conference, Atlantic City) challenge with considerable interest. The 

Criticism of foreign missions is based amount raised in this way during the year 

largely upon the ignorance of those who was $725, which when doubled results in 

give voice to such criticism, according to $1,450 for the mission work of the church. 

William Boyd, advertising manager of the The items are given in the financial report. 
Curtis publications, Philadelphia. Mr. Boyd One Sunday-school class, because of an- 

recently spent eight months visiting the other plan it has, did not enter into the 

mission stations of Europe and of India in arrangement. That class alone was able 


The Missionary Visitor 


to send in $1,000 for the Africa mission. 

We are reporting this with the hope that 
it may be suggestive to others. This fel- 
lowship in the furtherance of the Gospel is 
a great help to any organization or to any 
individual. E. R. Stitely. 

Waynesboro, Pa. 

•J* J* 
A Letter From Nurse Chao 
My Dear Friends : 

I am a member of the Church of the 
Brethren in China. Nurse Elizabeth Baker 
is my teacher. My mother is also a mem- 
ber of the church. At present I am in the 
hospital at Ping Ting, working for God. I 
would like for you in America to constantly 
ask God to help me to be a good Christian. 

China at present is very much disturbed. 
The evangelists' work is very difficult. 
Therefore I hope you will pray for China. 
I am glad to write you a letter, and if any 
of you would write to me I would send you 
an answer to America. But my English is 
not good and I do not know if you could 
read it or not. Nurse Baker's Chinese lan- 
guage is good and I am asking her to trans- 
late it for you. 

Aug. 21, 1927. Chao Ching Heng. 

J* ■£ 
Indian Christians Assume Responsibility 

In a recent letter from Bro. L. A. Blick- 
enstaff, in our India mission, he tells of turn- 
ing responsibilities for boarding schools over 
to the Indian Christians. This is a splendid 
sign of progress. We quote from his letter : 

" Our work is going along very well. Dur- 
ing this month I have had a most pleasant 
work of turning over the Bulsar Boys' Board- 
ing School and the Wankal Boys' Boarding 
School to school committees consisting en- 
tirely of our Indian brethren. They assumed 
the responsibility in the finest spirit, and 
it is a joy to see them take over the work. 
I have confidence that the work will go for- 
ward in their hands much better than I was 
able to do for it, as I have had so many in- 
terests that these boarding schools have had 
to be side issues. Placing boarding schools 
in the hands of Indians is an entirely new 
experience for us, and we are most hopeful 
that the experiment will prove entirely suc- 
cessful. I purposely have turned them over 
at this time in order that I may assist them 

in any possible way during the three months 
that I will still be in India." 


If any little word of mine 

May make a life the brighter, 
If any little song of mine 

May make a heart the lighter — 

God help me speak the little word, 

And take my bit of singing 
And drop it in some lonely vale 

To set the echoes ringing. 

If any little love of mine 

May make a life the sweeter, 
If any little care of mine 

May make a friend's the fleeter, 

If any lift of mine may ease 

The burden of another — 
God give me love, and care, and strength 

To help my toiling brother. 

The Missionary Review of the World. 


Frank F. Morris 
Dear friends, the Master bids us work 
And bear the joyful Message far away ; 
And seek to use the means at our command, 
That Christ may reign in hearts in foreign 

The Macedonian call is loud and long; 

It also represents a mighty throng, 
Who bow to idol gods of wood and stone, 

Yet yearning for the Christ we're pleased 
to own. 

Oh, can we not conceive how dark the blot, 

Where superstition reigns, and Christ is 


Where hate and fear and ignorance hold 


And none to point them to the living way? 

Are we enthused, imbued with holy zeal? 
And pray that Christ, to us, his will re- 
That go or stay, whate'er it be, we'll do, 
And prove our Blessed Master, we'll be 

" Go, teach all nations," is our Christ's com- 
mand ; 
We'll hasten to obey his just demand, 
We'll sacrifice, and labor, love and wait. 
And reap the fruits of joy at heaven's 

Thus, as we bring our sheaves from o'er the 

The task, complete ; in his dear Name to 

"Well done," the plaudit ; " enter thou thy 

And be with Christ and God forever blest." 


The Missionary Visitor 


h Cft* ©mttat'0 (Oparimetti 

Conducted by Nora M. Rhodes 


From Our Aid Societies 


THE Aid Societies of the Northern 
District of Virginia met in their an- 
nual District Institute, Sept. 3, 1927, 
at the Mt. Zion church, in Page County. 
The meeting was well attended. There were 
nine Aid Societies represented out of the 
fifteen in the District. 

The general theme of the meeting was 
service. Sister D. H. Zigler was again 
chosen president of the District. As a Dis- 
trict we decided to give some help at Smiths 
Creek, a mission point. We also decided to 
help some on a delegate's expense to An- 
nual Conference next year. It was recom- 
mended that the Aid Societies of the District 
start a fund to be used in furnishing a home 
for returned missionaries on furlough. 

Many of the Aid Societies meet a day 
each year at the Orphans and Old Folks' 
Home at Timberville and sew for the or- 
phans and old folks. These days are always 
enjoyed by all. 

Anna Roller, Secretary. 


Our Aid Society at Nampa meets once a 
week for quilting and other sewing, al- 
though we are usually busy with quilting. 
We have a kitchen at the Auction Sale 
yards where we serve dinners, sandwiches, 
pie and coffee every Saturday. For this we 
have three captains, with an equal number 
of members under each captain, who help 
and donate material for the kitchen. One 
captain has the kitchen for January, one for 
February, one for March, and so on 
throughout the year. 

We received from the kitchen, $696; quilt- 
ing, $30.66; prayer coverings, $7.85; interest 
on notes, $195.88; total during the year, 
$931.16. We use our money where we think 

the need is greatest. We pay $500 a year 
on our pastor's salary. Bro. Augustine 
Becker is our present pastor. 

Mrs. L. D. Goodman. 

Note — According to the last statistical 
report the Nampa, Idaho, Society ranked 
fourth in local Aids, with highest receipts 
Trotwood, Ohio, ranked seventh. 


What is emotion? Webster defines it as 
excited feeling. What is love? Somewhere 
I read that " love is emotion." God is love. 
In fact, our lives are grounded in emotions. 
We realize we are just as old as we feel. 
To continue to think youthful thoughts and 
do youthful things keeps us young. Keep 
an interest in everyday affairs ; specialize 
on the virtue of cheerful service for others. 
Is Aid work just for a very few or for all? 
Is it just for the old? Is it just for the 
middle-aged? Is it just for the young or for 
all? It is here we attribute our interest 
and cooperation at Trotwood. We try to 
find the work each one loves to do — grand- 
mother, mother, and daughter. Our bless- 
ings have been many at Trotwood, and we 
are very grateful for them. The faithful- 
ness and untiring efforts of our president, 
Sister Omy Erbaugh, has had a great in- 
fluence on the growth of our society. In- 
terest never lags. An all-day meeting each 
week keeps things moving and has been 
quite successful. Our average attendance is 
twenty-two. The old-fashioned schoolday 
lunch, with coffee at noon, is enjoyed in full. 

About once a month we have a special day, 
inviting a missionary or others for the day, 
with dinner in the basement and an address 
in the afternoon. Our aim for the day is 
not to get the largest amount of work done, 


The Missionary Visitor 


but to get in closer touch with our neighbors 
and friends. 

Our income is realized from making quilts, 
quilting for others, making bonnets, aprons, 
table covers, table cloths, towels, handker- 
chiefs' and serving dinners at public sales. 
Each one does the work she likes best, those 
quilting who prefer to quilt ; others doing 
the work on the sewing machine. Several 
kinds of embroidery work are in progress 
by those who enjoy doing that, the old and 

young often working on the same piece. 
In the midst of our work comes the devo- 
tional service, which is the very heart of the 
meeting. To pause for a Scripture reading, 
quotations, a motherly talk, a song and a 
prayer is a source of inspiration and brings 
help and comfort to each one. Just work- 
ing together, talking over our problems and 
sharing our joys — this is the path to suc- 
cess : this is the service of love. 

Mrs. Effie Eby, Secretary. 

An Ideal Aid Society 


AN ideal Aid Society is one that is well 
organized with Christian officers. A 
thoroughgoing Christian is a person 
with a stronger reason, kinder heart, firmer 
will and richer imagination than his fellow; 
one who has attained to his height in Christ. 

Its members work together, for no or- 
ganization is ideal without unity. They are 
ready to serve at all times, for service is 
the foundation of success. As we serve so 
do we succeed. The members encourage 
people. Just a touch of interest, sympathy, 
and love will give hope, cheer, and strength. 
They scatter sunshine by their smile and 
brighten the corner where they are. They 
study to be a winner of hearts to God. They 
do not forget that their prayer life is most 
vital. By prayer they become alert to the 
opportunities for service, and by prayer they 
become fit for service. They go where the 
Master would go if he were here. Sickness, 
trouble, poverty, and distress appeal to them 
as opportunities for service. They take an 
interest in the youth. Boys and girls need 
the strong, fine friendships of men and 
women outside the home. They give the 
aged love and encouragement. 

They study how to support leaders in their 
plans. A few individuals can rally people 
to a pastor's activities so as to double his 
usefulness while he is with them, and give 
him such courage that his whole future will 
be affected. 

They attend all meetings of their society 
and conduct their devotions without being 
interrupted by conversation of a social 
nature. Its meetings are not a place of 
gossip. A gossip can break up our society 
and our church. 

If all these things are carried out we will 
have an ideal Aid Society. 
Jonesboro, Tenn. 


Nora M. Rhodes 

A number of our missionary societies 
will soon be finishing the text, " A Straight 
Way Toward Tomorrow." If another text 
is desired, either as a review for one lesson 
or a number of lessons, " The Story of 
Missions," by White, is suggested. (Price, 
60c, paper; cloth, $1.) 

A very interesting activity in connection 
with this book would be the developing of 
a large map of the story of missions, tracing 
the outreaching of Christianity from its 
birthplace in Palestine into almost every 
part of the world. The most interesting 
work will be done with a home-made map. 
Paste sheets of wrapping paper or other 
large sheets together to obtain the desired 
size. For each chapter indicate on the map 
the progress of the story. For the first 
chapter Paul's missionary journeys may be 
traced, and the chief cities reached by 
Christianity during its first three centuries. 
Names of great missionaries may be entered 
where they worked. 

With the second chapter would be indi- 
cated the work of such missionaries as 
Ulfilas, Patrick, and others. Such centers of 
influence as Iona should be marked. Dates 
can tell when the several countries received- 

Map and devotional suggestions for chap- 
ters 4-6, inclusive, will be given in the April 
and May numbers. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Devotions for review of chapters 1-2, 
" Story of Missions," Chapter 1, 2 Tim. 2 : 
3; 2 Cor. 11: 24-33, or any one of numerous 
passages in the book of Acts, telling of the 
work of the apostolic missionaries. Heb. 
11: 30; 12: 2 would also be appropriate. 

Chapter 2, Psa. 20. Verse 7 is said to have 
been chanted by Patrick as he was led by 
the Druids before the king of Ireland for 
having lighted an altar fire when no fire was 
supposed to burn in all Ireland. 

Psa. 34: 1-10, which Columba was copying 
when he laid down his life's work. 


"Now I beseech you . . . that ye strive 
together with me in ^our prayers to God 
for me." 

5 — Dr. Barbara Nickey, India. 
11 — Mrs. Lulu Coffman, China. 
Pray for Our Missionaries 


(Continued from Page 77) 

A number of Bura boys came from vil- 
lages in Bornu to attend the school at 
Garkida. The government has forbidden us 
to go into that district. But even though we 
cannot go to them, they can come to us. 

The harvesting of peanuts, beans, okra, and 
other lesser crops is done largely by the 
women and girls. This has meant a de- 
creased attendance at the girls' school for 
the time being. 

On the evenings in November when the 
moon was full and bright, services were held 
in the village of Garkida. The people enjoy 
these moonlight services and attended in 
large numbers. 

On Nov. 12, Frances Kathleen came to 
begin her missionary preparation and to 
make things generally more interesting for 
Dr. and Mrs. Gibbel. We extend to her 
a glad welcome, and we think she is glad 
to be with us, too. 

Dr. Burke's and Dr. Robertson's arrived 
at Garkida the latter part of November. Dr. 
Burke proceeded to Dille, where they are 
now stationed. The Robertsons are at 
Garkida for language work. Dr. Burke 
spent a few days at Garkida before starting 
for Dille. During that time he performed a 
major operation. 

Since Bro. Mallott has gone on furlough, 
the services at Gardemna have been con- 
ducted by the native Christians from Gar- 

While the Kulps were away from Dille 
a case of smallpox developed. The man 
died. There has been no further develop- 
ment. There was also a case of the same 
dread disease at Garkida. But thanks to the 
vaccinations performed by the doctor, and 
to the native system of vaccination in vogue 
among the Buras, there has been no spread 
of the disease. The Margis do not practice 


"Difficulties increase activity." — Bura 

Recent Missionary Materials 


The Missionary Character of Chris- 
tianity. About sixty slides, including 
a magnificent worship hymn. This 
lecture shows the essentially mission- 
ary character of the missionary re- 
ligion. It is richly illustrated by 
biblical characters and of missionary 
personalities in our church. Lecture 
accompanies the set. Rental, $2, and 
return transportation. No rental 
charged to those who receive a mis- 
sionary offering at the time of the 
showing. Order well in advance. 

Junior Mission Study 

The Junior League Brings Health 
to India, 25c. A series of four lessons 
on India for children. Prepared by 
Minna Heckman and others. Useful 
in laying the foundation for the chil- 
dren's 1928 missionary project, the 
medical work in India. 

A Missionary Play 

Jeva Helps His People, 30c. Twelve 
or more characters, 7 male and 5 
female. About 1 hour and 15 minutes. 
Simple stage setting. Costumes In- 
dian, but can easily be made. Will 
help lay the foundation for the young 
people's missionary project for 1928. 

Elgin, III. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 

My dear Son : 

Today I have a real story to write you. 
I know you remember Sarah and Jerry, 
Uncle Clarence's baboons. Well, ever since 
you left Garkida, Sarah and Jerry have 
been growing and growing and getting SO 
BIG. For a long time Uncle Clarence kept 
them chained to big minna poles with a 
box nailed on top. They looked like this. 

But as they got bigger nobody liked 
Sarah and Jerry. They were too rough for 
playmates. A good playmate is not rough 
and does not fight. And he does not make 
too much noise. And because Sarah and 
Jerry just fought and made so much noise 
and could not play with people nicely, no- 
body liked them. 

The boys got tired of them. Aunt Lucile 
got tired of them, and I suspect Uncle 
Clarence, too, got tired of them. He built 
a big cage and put them in it. But he was 
not satisfied with that. All they did was 
eat and bother folks. 

A few days ago Uncle Clarence and Aunt 
Lucile and Uncle William and Aunt Esther 
got into the motor car and went to Jos. 
And what did Uncle Clarence do? He took 
Sarah and Jerry in the automobile. Jerry 

was so frightened. He was only a baboon. 
What did he know about automobiles? He 
fought and fought and bit and tried to 
get loose. So they had to put him in a box. 
Uncle Clarence took those baboons to the 
Dzur River and there he turned them loose 
to go back and live with the wild baboons. 
And he let them go. For they were his pets 
and he could never bear to kill them. One 
is good to pets always. So Jerry and Sarah 
are in the bush now. I can imagine them 
sitting on a wild fig tree. Sarah is sitting 
on a branch eating a fig and Jerry is hang- 
ing on by his tail and swinging. Do you 
think they would know Uncle Clarence if 
they saw him again? I think so. 

This was a real story, wasn't it? And 
it really happened. 

Your Father. 


During seven months of 1927 the Inter- 
mediate Sunday-school class of the Pleasant 
Valley church of Southern Ohio, taught by 
Mrs. Iva Oswalt, raised by Sunday collec- 
tions $10 for missions. We hope this same 
class will join in the Brown Brothers cam- 
paign for 1928 and help to bring health to 


The first Junior Church League to register 
for the 1928 Brown Brothers missionary 
project is composed of the fine-spirited 
youngsters of the Beaver Creek church, 
Southern Ohio. Their names are Martha 
Coy, Bertha Smart, Eva Smart, Eldon 
Smart, Robert Smart, Elizabeth Lewis, 
Thelma Stewart, Clayton Blake, Nadine 
Stewart, Ossie E. Rossell. Their leader is 
Mrs. Mabel Couser. See plans on' next 
page for " Brown Brothers " workers. 

84 The Missionary Visitor 

Our Brown Brothers 

The 1928 Junior Church League Missionary Project 


In India, where the Church of the Breth- 
ren has missionaries, there are many sick 
people who do not have doctors. The 
mission has several doctors and nurses. 
These medical workers give help to many 
people. They are training Indian girls to 
help heal sick people. Indian men have 
been trained as doctors. Two splendid 
hospitals have been built. One is at Bulsar 
and the other at Dahanu. The latter one 
was built at a cost of about $12,000. This 
money was supplied in 1 925 by the children 
in the Church of the Brethren. 

The Junior Task 

The annual cost of the missionary medical 
work is about $7,000. It costs more than 
this, but the Indian people pay as much as 
they can, and so only about $7,000 needs 
to be sent from America. The Junior 
Church League, including all children in the 
Sunday-schools of the Church of the Breth- 
ren, are assigned the task of furnishing this 
money. It should be provided before the 
year 1928 k over. 

The Plan 

It is suggested that every boy and girl 
figure out some good method of earning 
money. This work may continue up to 
Christmas, 1928. All money should be 
sent in by that date. 

In past years money was earned in all 
sorts of ways. Garden truck was raised, 
including potatoes, sweet corn, pop corn, 
cabbage, mangoes, tomatoes, beans, lettuce, 
sweet potatoes, and muskmelons. Chickens, 
ducks and geese were favorites. Some tur- 
keys also were raised. Sweeping floors, 
carrying water to harvest hands, selling junk, 
making and selling embroidery, making and 
selling candy, selling Hershey bars, picking 
apples, and washing dishes were methods of 
earning money. 

The Badge 

The children of the Brotherhood have a 
badge like this one. The initials stand for 
Junior Church League. It 
means that the juniors league 
together to do good. Making 
the Jesus way of life known 
is one of the best things any 
one can do. A badge will be 
sent for every worker who is enrolled and 
reported to the General Mission Board, 
Elgin, 111. 

Missionary Programs 

Be sure to give some programs to your 
church. Tell them what you are doing for 
the Brown Brothers. Tell why you are 
doing it. Watch the Junior Department of 
the Missionary Visitor and Our Boys and 
Girls for pictures and news about India. 
Write letters to either of these papers and 
tell what you are doing. Have your picture 
taken at your work. If it is a good one it 
will be published. 

J. C. L. Fund Included in the 
Conference Budget 

All money given by the children will help 
meet the budget adopted by our Annual 
Church Conference. It will apply on the 
missionary giving of your congregation. 

The J. C. L. First Reader 

Lesson I. 

This is Ruth. What 

is Ruth doing? Ruth 

is setting her Brown 

Brothers hen. Who 

are her Brown Broth- 
ers? The people of 


The Missionary Visitor 


Lesson II. 

Lesson III. 

Lesson IV. 


Fj3 %/>>c\JsA 

l -!ZZ-,' £ \ 



son V. 

Lesson VI. 

Who is this woman? She 
is Ruth's mother. What does 
she say about the Brown 
Brothers? She maizes it pos- 
sible for Ruth to share a good 
thing with others. What is 
this good thing? It is all the 
good which comes 
from following 

Here is Ruth 
again. She takes 
good care of her 
flock °f chickens. 

What is Ruth do- 
ing? Putting her in the offering 
box. What will be 
done with it? It will 
be sent to General 
Mission Board, Elgin, 
III, for the J. C. L. 

Who is the 
sick boy? He 
is a Brown 
Brother in India. 
Who is the 
woman? She is 
the missionary 

Who are these 
folks? The father 
was the sick bo}) in 
lesson V . He is now 
a Christian. He fries 
to live a godly life 
and helps others to do 
thz same. 


Well, if they had not come till July, they 
would still be welcome. These will put the 
finishing touches on the Black Brothers 
benevolence. It is also a beneficence. If 
you will look up those two words in the 
dictionary you will find one means wishing 
well, the other doing well. The first will 
not amount to much without the second. 
And our Juniors have been doers, all right! 
Up to the middle of January they sent in 
$3,187 for their black brothers. Below are 
noted the latest items contributed to the 
Africa Fund. See also announcement about 
"Our Brown Brothers" for 1928. 

Shiny Dollars From Silver Creek 

Enclosed find $23.87 from the children of 
the Silver Creek church (Primrose Divi- 
sion), Ohio, for our Black Brothers Fund. 
We are not many, but what we have are 
enthusiasts for mission work. 

Waldron, Mich. Eva L. Whisler. 

Bachelor Runners 

I know you are wondering why you have 
not heard from the children of the Bachelor 
Run church in regard to their last year's 
mission work for Africa. It was not pos- 
sible for different reasons to have their 
program until yesterday (Jan. 8). So I am 
sending it at once. Inclosed you will find 
bank draft for the amount. 

Bringhurst, Ind. Mrs. Cora Myer. 

Kindly Kansans 

I am enclosing a draft for $76.25 from 
our Juniors. This is what twenty-six of our 
boys and girls made from the quarters that 
were given each one in the spring. This 
should be credited to Junior Department of 
of Northeastern Kansas, and is to be used 
for missions in Africa. Lottie B. Eavey. 

Morrill, Kans. 

Virden in the Van 

You will find enclosed check for $8.25 for 
the hospital that is to be built in Africa, 
from the Junior and Intermediate depart- 
ment of the Virden Sunday-school. This 
was not started till after the middle of the 
year. The sum is small, but we trust it may 
do a great deal toward the hospital. The 
children were eager to give and on each 
Sunday, which was the third of every month, 
they had their little sum ready. We feel 
we would like to help out on some other 
mission work during this year. 

Chatham, 111. Mrs. Clinton Fahs. 


Dear Aunt Adalyn: We have moved, but I still 
go to the same church. I am very glad that the 
Juniors have been so faithful as to save so much 
money for Our Black Brothers. Our revival meet- 
ings started Sunday evening, Nov. 27, with Bro. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Coppock as our evangelist. They lasted two weeks. 
Our family missed only four nights. Twelve were 
baptized. We started on our goal New Year's Day. 
The goal is attendance at Sunday-school and church 
every Sunday. Our Sunday-school class and Bro. 
Ketterman's class at Lima had a contest lasting 
twelve weeks, beginning Sept. 11. Bases of the con- 
test were attendance, bringing our Bibles, and gett- 
ing new members. Our class won by 50 points. 
Bellefontaine, Ohio, R. 1. Bessie Crim. 

Now you are in good shape to do some big work 
this year! Do you have a Junior Xeague, with far 
India in the perspective? We are glad to see you 
back again. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: It has been a long time since 
I have written to you. I am twelve years old and 
in the second year of high school. I attend at Calla- 
way-Hi, which is about five miles from home. I 
ride a little gray horse to school. She can travel 
very fast, so I can make the trip in about an hour. 
I sure do get lonesome going to and from school. 
Sometimes I do not see a person from the time I 
leave home until I reach the school. My teachers 
are: Mr. Justus (principal), Misses Mary Washburn, 
Otelia Rose, Annie Prillaman and Ruth Robertson. I 
take four subjects, and hardly know which I like 
best. I go to Sunday-school at Antioch. My 
teacher is Mr. Quinton Flora. My father is a min- 
ister. We live on a farm of one hundred and eighty- 
one acres. We have enough work to keep us busy. 
I cracked the December Nuts. I don't know whether 
they are right or not — I got the kernel out just the 
same. Frances Layman. 

Callaway, Va. 

It seems to me you must be a bright, brave 
student, to be in the second year of high school, 
and drive five miles over a lonely road to get your 
education! I am glad there are no bandits in your 
country. The Nut kernels came out all whole! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I have just been reading the 
Junior letters and find that lots of boys and girls 
in India are also interested in the Junior page. My 
sister Frances is the oldest of our family, and I am 
next. She and I and my parents belong to the 
Brethren church. Then I have two brothers — Frank 
and Daniel — and a little sister named Ardine. I walk 
two miles to school and back every day. I go to 
a graded school. I am eleven years old and in the 
seventh grade. My brother Frank goes with me. 
My teacher is Mrs. Harve Plunkett. I love farm 
life fine. We are having unusually cold weather for 
old Virginia. My sister and I hope lots of the 
Juniors will write to us and we promise to answer 
all letters. Drusilla Layman. 

Callaway, Va. 

I should think it would take some grit for a two- 
mile jaunt on a disagreeable winter's day. But such 
things toughen one. Some day you will be thankful 
for what you had to go through with. 

My dear Aunt Adalyn: My sister and myself have 
been in Woodstock School, which is in the Himalaya 
Mountains. We go there nine months out of every 
year. The school is eight hundred miles from home, 
so we always have to ride on a train to get there. 
We arrived home this year on Dec. 7. We were 
very glad to get home again. After we had been 
home three days we went out to camp. At present 
we are camping at a village named Sisodra, which 
is an Indian name. Our tent is on the high bank of 
a small lake. Here in India they call it a " tank," 
or a " turlov." In this lake there is a little island, 
which is about a hundred and fifty yards from our 
tent. Now and again if we look across we see a 
big black or brown alligator; " mugger " is the 
Indian name. Usually they are lying there lazily 
having a sun-bath. At sunrise the water looks so 
pretty, the sunshine causing it to look golden and 
red. But at sunset it is prettier; there is a glow on 
the water which makes it look pink, purple, and a 
greenish-blue,- with green trees reflected in the 
water also. I like camping in the villages. 

I am eleven years old, and I am going to be in 
the seventh grade. I am four feet, seven inches tall, 
and I weigh sixty-eight. My bigger sister's name 

is Madelene; she is fourteen, and is going to be in 
third year high next year. Elizabeth Long. 

Anklesvar, Dist. Broach, India, Dec. 14, 1927. 

We can hardly imagine the distance you have to 
go to school. Why, it is farther than from New 
York to Chicago! India certainly has lots of room 
to get lost in. And when souls are lost, it is a 
hundred times worse. No wonder a handful of mis- 
sionaries have to work so hard to make an impres- 
sion on the millions moving about in misery. 
Doubtless you are making ready to follow in your 
parents' footsteps. 


1. Remove the first letter of " to repair " and leave 
" the last." 

2. Behead a suspended fog and leave noisy. 

3. Behead a timepiece and leave a means of security. 

4. Behead a transparent substance and leave a girl. 

5. Behead to jerk and leave a sorceress. 

6. Behead a piece of furniture and leave a part of 
the body. 

7. Behead to rebound and leave a weight. 

8. Behead a fish and leave to listen. 

Missing Words 

(Fill in the blanks with words that sound alike, 
but are spelled differently.) 

1. The man who walked is going to a 

new suit. 

2. The of the village rang the clapper of the 

3. He struck the of a boy with all his 

4.1 saw a girl carrying a of water. 

5. He a frisky horse along the stony 

6. The doctor thinks the cut on John's will 


7. The carpenters are planning to one building 

and another. 

8. During a in the conversation, we heard the 

scratching of a cat's 

(Answers next month) 

New Testament Women. — 1. Mary. 2. Lois. 3. 

Dorcas. 4. Bernice. 5. Anna. 6. Martha. 7. Phebe. 

8. Persis. 
Hidden Word.— February. 


Up to Feb. 1, 1928, the children of the 
Brotherhood sent in $6,036.10 for the Black 
Brothers in Africa. This money represents 
earnings for the 1927 missionary project. 
The personal supports of missionaries are 
all assigned to certain congregations, and 
individuals. The cost of new buildings was 
assigned to the young people of the church. 
The children had all the other expense as- 
signed to them. This includes schools, evan- 
gelistic, medical and industrial work, ocean 
transportation and literature. 

In 1926 the children earned money for 
the Liao Chou station in China. In 1925 they 
built the Dahanu Hospital in India. For 
1928 the project is Our Brown Brothers as 
explained on page 84. 

The B. Y. P. D. (young people) of the 
church raised $2,197.55 up to Feb. 1, 1928. 


The Missionary Visitor 


I J 

ip "- v "': 

A t i 


1 1 

Valiant Virdenites 

These enthusiastic children get missionary en- 
thusiasm from their teachers. This all helps the 
Virden church, So. 111., to have a good missionary 

Note. These pictures were referred to on page 56 


(Continued from Page 72) 

without soliciting that the large majority of 
our boys are gentlemen in conduct, are hard 
working, have the interest of the pup'ls at 
heart, and are able to teach to some extent 
at least by the "New Method!" Yes, this 
means preparation every night for the work 
of the new day. To them, the old method 
means they are able easily to teach the 
grades without preparation. They have 
learned that the Project Method entails 
effort, but that earnest, thoughtful effort 
brings its due reward. 

Outlook for the School 

Times have changed since the days of 
famines. Famines meant full support to all 
taken into the homes. Missionaries in those 
days were " good," for did they not supply 
everything to the children? And many 
even yet look back longingly to those old 
soldiers of the cross. 

But the old order had to change, for a 
new day has dawned, and what is happen- 
ing is all to the good. Yet the breaking 
down of the " ma-bap " idea was not easy. 
Some children are willing to nurse even 
long after they get teeth and can bite their 
mothers ! But we are winning and custom 
is being established. Children come and go 
at their own expense and somehow provide 
their own bedding, clothing, plate, loto, etc. 
Certain of our mission agents who are 
parents did not wish their children to do 

Allison Prairie Junior Leaguers 

These Black Brothers workers did not get started 
until June last year but we hope they get an earlier 
start for the Brown Brothers this year, 
jf the February Visitor. 

the work of a laborer, they said, and with- 
drew them from school. But they returned 
in due time. Boy teachers told us in the 
beginning that they had not come to do 
common labor; that they could do that at 
home if they wished, but had rather come 
to " learn." Learning is all mental ; educa- 
tion is all of the mind, they argued. Being 
called to work they feigned or played on 
the job. They came back, saying it is 
unreasonable to ask " boys going to college " 
to work, a thing never heard of before. Our 
first class was the most difficult by far. 
Next year new boys followed the older ones 
to the field and shop, and today friends 
visiting will find every boy at work. They 
are working on their own chosen projects. 
Labor is dignified, therefore, and a great 
idea has prevailed. 

There is, moreover, a fine sense of inde- 
pendence and self-confidence being devel- 
oped in the boys. These are very valuable 
gifts, too, to a depressed class. Because we 
had refused to supply all their needs, as of 
old, they felt we no longer loved them. They 
agreed even to work, doing what we desired, 
on condition that they might have all their 
needs supplied. Strange how deeply-seated 
this parasitic growth had become. But we 
held firmly to our course. Now the boys 
seem to have learned it is more manly to 
labor and pay one's way as nearly as may 
be. They are doing things they never 
thought they would or could do, and con- 
fidence in their own ability to do and make 
good is being developed. 

The Missionary Visitor 




g9& q£p 

Conference Offering, 1927. As of January 31, 1928, 
the Conference (Budget) offering for the year ending 
February 29, 1928, stands as follows: 
Cash received since March 1, 1927, $230,327.39 

(The 1927 Budget of $408,300.00 is 56.4% raised, 
whereas it should be 91.6%) 

Mission Board Treasury Statement. The following 
shows the condition of mission finances on January 
31, 1928: 

Income since March 1, 1927, $257,996.67 

Income same period last year, 287,905.11 

Expense since March 1, 1927, 318,305.56 

Expense same period last year, 282.512.87 

Mission deficit January 31, 1928, 69,193.50 

Mission deficit December 31, 1928 72,644.35 

Decrease in deficit for January, 1928, 3,450.85 

Tract Distribution: During the month of December 
the Board sent out 2,601 doctrinal tracts. 

Correction No. 21: See January, 1928, Visitor under 
World-wide Missions, sum of $43.00 credit to S. S. : 
Antioch (Killbuck), So. Indiana, was sent erroneously 
and has since been refunded. 

Correction No. 22: See October, 1927, January, 1928, 
and February, 1928, Visitors, under World-wide Mis- 
sions, credits of $28.10, $24.21, $30.39, and $9.31, to 
Happy Corner S. S., Lower Stillwater, Southern 
Ohio, have since been designated for the support of 
Betty Jean Brooks, India. 

Correction No. 23: See September, 1927, Visitor 
under Africa Mission, credit of $2.77 to Junior Dept., 
First Philadelphia, S. E. Pa., should instead have 
been credited to Africa Share Plan. 

December Receipts: The following contributions for 
the various funds were received during December: 

Arizona— $50.69 

Cong.: Glendale, $ 50.69 

California— $139.26 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elk Creek, $7; Empire, 
$27.83; Waterford, $19.10; Mrs. Nannie A. 
Harn (Lindsay), $3; John H. Price (M. N.) 
(Modesto), $.50; Mrs. Nina E. Wirth (Mod- 
esto), $5; S. S.: Live Oak, $3.52 65.95 

So. Dist., Cong.: Hermosa Beach, $24.31; 
Mrs. J. M. Miller (Calvary), $5; W. M. 
Piatt (M. N.) (Hemet), $.50; C. C. Kindy 
(M. N.) (Pasadena), $.50; S. S.: Hermosa 
Beach, $10; Indv.: B. F. Enyeart & Wife, $5; 
Beach, 10; Indv.: B. F. Enyeart & Wife, $5; 

M. Grace Miller, $2, 73.31 

Canada— $241.94 

Cong.: Second Irricana, $41.94; James Stout 

& Wife, (Second Irricana), $200, 241.94 

China— $25.00 

Indv.; Elizabeth Baker 25.00 

Colorado— $47.75 

E. Dist., Cong.: Antioch, $12.40; S. G. 
Nickey (M. IV) Colorado Springs), $.50; Mrs. 
Walter Zunkel (Sterling), $1, 13.90 

W. Dist., Cong.: Fruita, $23.85; Mrs. Hiram 
M. Long (Fruita), $5; Indv.: A. Cline, $5, .. 33.85 
Florida— $31.51 

Cong.: Seneca, $11.90; S. S.: Sebring, $6.61; 
Indv.: Eva Heagley Hurst, $3; B. F. Lightner 

& Wife of Bartow, $10, 31.51 

Illinois— $812.03 

No. Dist., Cong.: First Chicago, $299.28; 
Hastings Street Mission (Chicago), $55.91; 
Elgin, $205.23; Shannon, $31.50; A Sister 
(Bethel), $2; Ray Senger (Elgin), $.75; Mrs. 
Elizabeth Clark & Children (Mt. Morris), 
$4; S. S.: Bethel, $54.16; Milledgeville, $15.34; 
Rockford, $8.24; Young People's Class, Shan- 
non, $3.50; Aid Soc: First Chicago, $100, .. 779.91 

So. Dist., Cong.: Girard, $19.17; Virde», 
$4.95; Dow A. Ridgely (Big Creek), $2; Mrs. 
J. H. Neal (Girard), $1; No. 101801 (Spring- 
field), $5, 32.12 

India— $50.00 

Tndv.: Anna M. Hutchison, 50.00 

Indiana— $1,547.27 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Andrews, $21; Bethel 
Center, $5.05; Clear Creek, $25.12; Sugar 
Creek, $1; Walton, $8.95; West Manchester, 
$109; Phoebe Lee (Landesville), $5; Dessie 
Bollinger (Sugar Creek), $10; Iva Bollinger 
(Sugar Creek), $10; Sarah A. Ball (West Eel 
River), $1; S. S. : Beaver Creek, $15.84; 
Burnettsville, $4.34; Mexico, $37.27; West 
Manchester, $75, 328.57 

No. Dist.. Cong. : Auburn, $9.87; Blue River, 
$5.24; Elkhart City, $319.40; Elkhart Valley, 
$31.89; Wakarusa, $43.34; Union Center, $90.14; 
Levi Bontrager & Wife (Elkhart City), $2.19; 
Lanah Hess (Goshen), $2; I. S. Burns (M. N.) 
(Yellow Creek), $.50; S. S. : Mt. Pleasant, 
$3; North Liberty, $27.77; Oak Grove, $23.53; 
Yellow Creek, $12.26, 571.13 

So. Dist., Cong.: Anderson, $116.92; Beech 
Grove, $3; Bethany, $5; Buck Creek, $10; 
Fairview, $114; Four Mile, $35; Ladoga, $43; 
Maple Grove, $38; Middletown, $19.15; Mt. 
Pleasant, $111; New Hope, $2.50; Noblesville, 
$5; Prymont, $23.50; Richmond Mission, $2.50; 
Sampson Hill, $8; Upper Fall Creek. $12; 
White, $41; Celestia Miller, (Fairview), $1; 
Geneva Warfield (Fairview), $2; No. 101986 
(Four Mile), $10; Jemima Evens (Howard), 
$5; H. E. Brubaker (Kokomo), $5; Ross E. 
Oyler & Wife (Kokomo), $8; Mattie Mathews 
(Middletown), $4; Chas. H. Ellabarger (Nettle 
Creek), $15; Barbara Lamb (Nettle Creek, 
$2; Marguerite Loveless (White), $5; Indv.: 

B. L. Layman, $1, 

Iowa— $315.19 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Des Moines, $5; C. Z. 
Reitz (Maxwell) $2.25; S. S.: Bagley, $1; 
Waterloo, $93.50; David Brallier & Wife 
Pleasant View (Cedar), $4; Dallas Center, $119, 

No. Dist., Cong.: Sheldon, $20; South 
Waterloo, $93.50; David Brallier & Wife 
(Curlew), $10; W. O. Tannreuther (M. N.) 
(South Waterloo), $1; S. S.: Union Ridge 
(Franklin County), $19.54; Greene, $14.01; 
Slifer, $10; "Helping Hand" Club, Water- 
loo City, (South Waterloo), $10, 

So. Dist., S. S. : Franklin, 

Kansas— $275.93 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Ottawa, $16.25; John 
Beckner & Wife (Appanoose), $10; Mary 
Weybright (Overbrook), $5; Shuss Family 
(Sabetha), $10; S. S. : Ottawa, $51.16; Topeka, 
$2.30; Y. P. D.: Richland Center, $2.29, ...... 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Orpha Loshbaugh 
(Hollow), $5; Mrs. Calperna Renfro (Hollow), 
$1; Fannie Stevens (Osage), $2; Indv.: S. R. 
Perry, $1; Mrs. S. A. Smith, $5, 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Bloom, $6.77; Conway 
Springs, $60.97; First Wichita, $50; Mrs. 
V. E. Whitmer (First Wichita), $1; Oliver 
H. Austin & Wife (McPherson), $12.75; A 
Sister (McPherson), $5; A Sister (McPher- 
son), $5; Mrs. Lizzie A. Lehman (Newton), . 
$1; Kate Yost & Elizabeth Kener (Walnut 
Valley), $2; S.~ S.: Bloom, $10.44; Indv.; 
Jane and N. F. Rife, $5; Mrs. R. E. Sloan, 

$5, 164.93 

Maryland— $662.75 

E. Dist., Cong.: Bethany, $43.03; Green 
Hill, $5; Pipe Creek, $200; Union Bridge 







The Missionary Visitor 


(Pipe Creek), $37.41; Mollie C. Cool, (Beth- 
any), $25; S. D. Glick (Bush Creek). $4; 
S. S.: Pleasant Hill (Bush Creek), $26; West- 
minster (Meadow Branch), $91.24; Blue Ridge 
College (Pipe Creek), $17.70; Indv.: A. M. 
Keesey & Wife, $5; Mrs. Ethel Thompson, 
$.55; Unknown donor of E. Maryland, $10, .. 464.93 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Broadfording, $64.17; 
Brownsville, $8.25; Pleasant View, $48; Bar- 
bara J. Steele, (Beaver Creek), $1.90; Ida 
M. Wine (Hagerstown), $1; John A. Myers 
(Licking Creek), $5; Harvey C. Witter 
(Welsh Run), $5; A Sister (Welsh Run), 
$2; S. S.: South Brownsville (Brownsville), 
$5.50; " Willing Workers," Longmeadow, $20; 
Aid Soc: Broadfording, $10; Pleasant View, 
$15, 185.82 

W. Dist., Cong.: Georges Creek, $4; Indv.: 

C. H. Merrill, $8 12.00 

Massachusetts— $1.00 

Indv.: Catherine Spanogle, 1.00 

Michigan— $101.31 

Cong.: Crystal, $7; Grand Rapids, $12; 
Hart, $7.43; Sunfield, $6.84; Thornapple, $15; 
Zion, $6.27; Mrs. Alice Swanstra (Beaverton), 
$5; Mrs. A. Swihart (Hart), $.50; S. S. : 
Beaverton, $32.87; Grand Rapids, $6.40; Indv.: 

Mrs. Amanda Sielske, $2, 101.31 

Minnesota— $72.15 

Cong.: Guthrie, $7.88; Lewiston, $32.77; 
Monticello, $15.50; In memory of the son of 
Mrs. Chalmer Barley (Bethel), $5; Christ 
Wirt (Lewiston), $2; Malinda R. Booth 
(Minneapolis), $1; S. S. : Guthrie, $3; Monti- 
cello, $5, 72.15 

Missouri— $131 .64 

No. Dist., Cong.: North St. Joseph, $6; 
Rockingham, $69; South St. Joseph, $11.14; 
Aid Soc: Rockingham, $14, 100.14 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Nancy J. Harris, $10; 
Effie Long, $14.50 24.50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Louisa Shaw 
(Mountain Grove), $2; Indv.: Rebecca Mays, 

$5 • 7.00 

Montana— $27.25 

E. Dist., Cong.: Grand View, $15; S. S.: 

Florendale, $12.25, 27.25 

Nebraska— $59.05 

Cong.: Afton, $11.86; Kearney, $23.06; 
Octavia, $3.85; Fannie Daugherty (Kearney), 
$1; S. S. : Beatrice, $10; Lincoln, $2.28; Indv.: 

Sidney Cripe, $5; Emma Manners, $2, 59.05 

North Dakota— $18.75 

Cong.: Willow Grove, $13.75; Indv.: A. B. 
Long and wife, $5, 18.75 

Ohio— $1,012.01 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Center, $42.02; Reading 
$11.56; W. Nimishillen, $8.90; Wooster, $100; 
Zion Hill, $22.58; Ernest B. Rowe (Wood- 
worth), $5; Simeon Longanecker (Zion Hill), 
$5; S. S.: Ashland Dickey, $54.98; Beech 
Grove (Chippewa), $35.45; E. Chippewa, $23.88; 
Owl Creek, $6.28; Indv.: J. C. Snyder. $10, 325.65 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Black Swamp, $36.83; 
Fostoria, $21.80; Cora Ballinger, (County 
Line) $4; Mrs. Chester Adams (Fairview), 
$4; F. H. Kintner (Fairview), $5; P. J. 
Dukes, (Greenspring), $10; Mrs. Ray McDor- 
man (Lima), $5; Geo. W. Oder (Logan), $4; 
Mrs. Sarah Hartman (Swan Creek), $4; S. 
S.: Home Builders" Class, Fostoria, $25; 
North Poplar Ridge, $12.13, 131.76 

So. Dist., Cong.: Beaver Creek, $10.25; 
Beech Grove, $15.13; Cincinnati, $18.50; Con- 
stance, $5; Harris Creek, $66; Painter Creek, 
$15.84; Salem, $190.62; Trotwood, $46.62; Cedar 
Grove, Prices Creek, $8; John H. Rinehart & 
Wife (Salem), $5; Margaret B. Miller, 
(Union City), $5; Mrs. Geo. Sotzing (West 
Milton), $4; S. S.: Beech Grove, $14.94; Ft. 
McKinley, $9.96; Harris Creek, $4.80; Lara- 
mie, $27.44; Indv.: Lucinda Ann Hixson, $100; 

John J. Swartz, $7.50 554.60 

Oklahoma— $173.80 

Cong.: Big Creek, $14.60; Washita, $91.20; 
G. E. Wales and wife (Monitor), $2; J. W. 

Battey (Washita), $50; Indv.: Sarah Lati- 
mer, $15; C. A. Sale, $1, 173.80 

Oregon— $4.00 

Cong.: S. Breuer (Myrtle Point), 4.00 

Pennsylvania— $2,643.15 

E. Dist., Cong.: Chiques, $31; Mechanic 
Grove, $2.50; Midway, $124.49; Mingo, $70; 
Swatara, Big, $122.50; White Oak, $160; Mrs. 
Elizabeth L. Meekley (Conewago), $10; Un- 
known donor (Elizabethtown), $2; Miss O. E. 
Long (Harrisburg), $5; Mrs. Thos. L. Smith 
(Maiden Creek), $15; No. 102353 (Midway), 
$10; Samuel F. Gottshall (Mingo), $100; 
Beryl Firestone (Spring Creek), $50; S. S.: 
Annville, $29.10; South Annville (Annville) 
$22.60; E. Fairview, $15.00; E. Petersburg, 
$6.34; Hatfield, $125.07; Indian Creek, $50; 
Mechanic Grove, $30.13; John B. Showalter's 
Young Men's Bible Class, Palmyra, $5; 
Spring Creek, $17.75; Spring Grove, $27.33; 
Ladies' Bible Class, Hanoverdale (Swatara, 
Big), $5; Schubert (Swatara, Little), $17.25; 
Y. P. D.: Swatara, Little, $7.50, 1,060.56 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: 28th St. Altoona, $75; 
Dry Valley, $50; Lewistown, $75,23; Spring 
Run, $19.50; Pine Glen (Spring Run), $5.50; 
Mrs. R. E. Reisinger (First Altoona), $3; 
Martha Mentzer (28th St. Altoona), $4; 
Wealthy Burkholder (Aughwick), $4; Ada 
Secrist (Aughwick), $1; Mary A. Kinsey 
(Dunnings Creek), $12; A. B. Mock (Mar- 
tinsburg), $5; Hazel Ober (New Enterprise), 
$5; Wilbur O. Snyder (Tyrone), $2.50; S. S.: 
Rockhill (Aughwick), $17.27; Sugar Run 
(Aughwick), $1.82; Maitland (Dry Valley), 
$6.65; James Creek, $3.50; Friendly Bible 
Class, Lewistown, $5; Snake Spring, $10; 
Spring Run, $98; Williamsburg, $117; Curry- 
ville (Woodbury), $6.23; Indv.: E. G. Wake- 
field, $5, 532.20 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Roland L. Howe (First 
Philadelphia), $5; Francis W. Price (German- 
town, Philadelphia), $100; A Sister, (Green 
Tree), $5; S. S. : First Philadelphia, $100, .. 210.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Back Creek, $26.80; 
Brandts (Back Creek), $3.19; Lost Creek, 
$54.92; New Fairview, $56; Sugar Valley, $25; 
Upper Conewago, $46.64; Jacob E. Trimmer 
(Carlisle), $100; Mrs. Mary E. Bashore (Lost 
Creek), $1; Krissinger Sisters (Lost Creek), 
$6; Mary A. Paul (Lower Cumberland), $2; 
Mrs. Isaac S. Miller (Upper Conewago), $50; 
S. S. : Mechanicsburg, $11.45; "Truth Seek- 
ers" Class, Good Will (Lost Creek), $5; 
Mt. Olivet, $11.50; New Fairview, $13.25; 
Ridge, $12; Melrose (Upper Codorus), $5.03; 
Aid Soc: East Berlin (Upper Conewago), 
$25; Indv.: H. K. Latshaw, $2.90; Ellen S. 
Strauser, $1, 458.68 

W. Dist., Cong.: Glade Run, $10; Locust 
Grove, $18.09; Montgomery, $11.15; Mt. 
Union, $30; Pleasant Hill, $80; Cowanshan- 
nock (Plum Creek), $7.84; Maple Spring 
(Quemahoning), $15; Sipesville, $48; J. Lloyd 
Nedrow (M. N.) (Glade Run), $1; Emma C. 
Plough (Hooversville), $5; Cathrine A. 
Walker (Manor), $1; Edward Donahey & 
Wife (Montgomery), $3; Geo. L. Foster & 
Wife (Pittsburgh), $5; Wilbur Gloom & Wife 
(Rockton), $2; D. P. Hoover (M. N.) (Rum- 
mel), $.50; D. P. Hoover & Family (Rum- 
mel) $100; S. S.: Glade Run, $27.30; Plum 
Creek, $7.83; Greenville (Rockton), $1; Aid 
Soc: Greensburg, $5; Locust Grove, $3, .. 381.71 
South Dakota— $29.25 

Cong.: Willow Creek, $19.25; James Miller 
(Willow Creek), $5; Indv.: An Isolated 

Member, $5, 29.25 

Tennessee— $13.00 

Indv.: F. G. Davis, $3; Nicolaus Kail, 

$10, 13.00 

Virginia— $646.93 

E. Dist., Cong.: Hollywood, $3.86; Manas- 
sas, $110.37; Mt. Carmel, $26.21, 140.44 

1st Dist., Cong.: Mrs. J. C. Nininger 
(Antioch) $2; A. M. Frantz & Wife 
(Greenbrier), $7; S. S. : Cloverdale, $71.59, .. 80.59 

No. Dist., Cong.: Flat Rock, $4.17; Garbers 


The Missionary Visitor 


(Cook Creek), $40.25; Harrisonburg, $22.50; 
New Port (Mt. Zion), $7.55; Trout Run, $6.86; 
Upper Lost Diver, $3.15; Mrs. Phoebe Han- 
senfluck & Family (Salem), $10; Sarah C. 
Andes (Timberville), $1; S. S.: Smith Creek, 
$3; Sutherland, $6.02, 104.50 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Bridge water, $274.26; 
Mrs. Bettie Harnsberger (Barren Ridge), 
$25; Ira L. and Cora V. Garber (Middle 
River), $10; L. Sue and Leon Kiracofe, (San- 
gerville), $2; Mrs. Frank Stultz (Crab Run, 
Upper Lost River), $5; S. S.: Bridgewater, 

$5.14, '. 321.40 

Washington— $118.14 

Cong.: Greenwood, $6.87; Outlook, $12.41; 
Yakima, $78.36; Milo Barnhart (Tacoma), $5; 

B. F. Glick (Tacoma), $10; John W. Graybill 
(Wenatchee Valley), $5; R. F. Hiner (M. N.) 

(Wenatchee Valley), $.50, 118.14 

West Virginia— $95.22 

1st Dist., Cong.: Old Furnace, $9; Beulah 

C. Cosner (Allegheny), $5; Martha Blackman 
(Bean Settlement), $1; Edith Funkhouser 
(Bean Settlement), $1; S. L. Heare (Bean 
Settlement), $3; I. W. Poland (Bean Settle- 
ment), $1; A. J. Kearns (Capon Chapel), $4; 
O. W. Shanholtz (Capon Chapel), $10; R. A. 
Smith (Capon Chapel), $1; Chas. G. Snyder 
(Capon Chapel), $5; Fannie Michal (Green- 
land), $4; M. Kate Smith (Greenland), $1; 
Sarah Leatherman (Keyser), $4; W. F. Elli- 
fritz (New Creek), $2; Abe Ferribee (New 
Creek), $5; F. G. Ferribee (New Creek), $2; 
G. J. Cook (Old Furnace), $4; Gertie O'Brien 
(Old Furnace), $4; C. F. Bubar (Red Creek), 
$6; Isaac Mallow (Seneca), $4; Mrs. Alice 
Liller (White Pine), $5; S. S. : Kelley Chepel 
(White Pine), $4.22, 85.22 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Lettie Tenney (Beans 
Chapel), $4; A. J. Sines (Goshen), $5; Mary 

Spurgeon (Pleasant Valley), $1 10.00 

Wisconsin— $16.71 

Cong.: Chippewa Valley $11.28; S. S.: Stan- 
ley, $5.43, 16.71 

Total for the month, $9,362.68 

Total previously reported, 35,796.20 


Correction No. 21, 43.00 

Correction No. 22, 92.01 

Total for the year, $45,023.87 


Indiana— $882. .50 

Mid. Dist., Student Volunteers of Man- 
chester College, $ 882.50 

Total for the month $ 882.50 

Total previously reported 2,241.41 

Total for the year, $3,123.91 

Illinois— $61.00 

No. Dist., Student Volunteers of Mount 
Morris College, $ 61.00 

Total for the month, $.. 61.00 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 61.00 


Indiana— $76.00 

So. Dist., Aid Societies $ 76.00 

Ohio— $30.40 
N. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Danville 30.40 

Total for the month $ 106.40 

Total previously reported, 3,006.62 

Total for the year, $3,113.02 


California— $136.00 
So. Dist., and Arizona Aid Societies $ 136.00 

Pennsylvania— $48.00 

W. Dist., Aid Societies, 48.00 

Virginia— $24.00 

No. Dist., Aid Societies, 24.00 

Total for the month, $ 208.00 

Total previously reported, 297.00 

Total for the year, $ 505.00 

Alabama — $5.10 

Cong.: Oneonta, $ 5.10 

Arizona— $19.63 
Cong.: Phoenix, 19.63 

California— $1,413.99 

No. Dist., Cong.: Butte Valley, $24.71; 
Empire, $66.50; Fresno, $17.51; Lindsay. $30; 
McFarland, $48.71; Modesto, $34.75; Oakland, 
$69.55; Reedley, $71; S. S.: Figarden, $22.05, $ 384.78 

So. Dist., Cong.: Covina, $121.78; E. San 
Diego, $13.32; First Los Angeles, $116.30; 
Hemet, $13.36; Inglewood, $13.61; La Verne, 
$290.36; Pasadena, $418.32; Pomona, $3; San 
Bernardino, $19.16; Aid Soc: Hermosa Beach, 

$10; La Verne, $10, 1,029.21 

China— $100.00 

Indv.: Dr. D. L. Horning and wife, 100.00 

Colorado— $47.71 
E. Dist., Cong.: Colorado Springs, $20; 

McClave, $27.71, 47.71 

Florida— $14.75 

Cong.: Arcadia, $4.75; Sebring, $10 14.75 

Idaho— $86.62 

Cong.: Clearwater, $2.30; Emmett, $35; Mos- 
cow, $6.05; Nezperce, $27.37; Winchester, 
$10.90; S. B. Gochnour (Twin Falls), $5, .... 86.62 
Illinois— $846.87 

No. Dist., Cong.: Batavia, $11.01; Bethel, 
$80.39; Cherry Grove, $36.70; Hickory Grove, 
$7.50; Lanark, $170.46; Milledgeville, $116.05; 
Mt. Morris, $72; Shannon, $5; Yellow Creek, 
$12.50; Mrs. M. C. Stephens (Bethel), $5; 
Aid Soc: Freeport, $10; Indv.: Unknown 

donor of No. III., $2, 528.61 

So. Dist., Cong.: Astoria, $42.18; Cham- 
paign, $22.98; Girard, $19.38; La Motte Prairie, 
$21.20; Panther Creek, $8.02; Virden, $96.97; 
Woodland, $50.33; Congs. of So. 111., $56.20; 

Mrs. J. H. Neal (Girard), $1, 318.26 

Indiana— $967.29 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Andrews, $5; Clear 
Creek, $81.04; Flora, $67.50; Loon Creek, $45; 
Mexico, $54.96; Peru, $47; Pleasant Dale, 
$21.79; Portland, $15.26; South Whitley, $23.64; 
Spring Creek, $47.58; Sugar Creek, $2.40; 
Walton, $12.16; S. S.: Loon Creek, $20; Aid 
Soc: Loon Creek, $5; Pike Creek (Monti- 
cello), $3.58, 451.91 

No. Dist., Cong.: Auburn, $5.88; Bethany, 
$20.30; Bethel, $10; Blue River, $6; Bremen, 
$23.04; Cedar Creek, $13.58; Cedar Lake, $10.25; 
Center, $26.31; Pleasant Hill, $40; Pleasant 
Valley, $57.43; Rock Run, $46.10; Second 
South Bend, $10.39; Amos Hoover Family 
(Yellow Creek), $5; Aid Soc: Blue River, 

$15; Pleasant Valley, $5, 294.28 

So. Dist., Cong.: Beech Grove, $4.35; Grace 
(Indianapolis), $54.38; Kokomo, $5.50; Maple 
Grove, $23.65; Nettle Creek, $86.04; Upper 
Fall Creek, $1; White, $7.18; F. M. Bowers 
(Indianapolis), $20; Esta Lannerd (Nettle 

Creek, $14; Aid Soc: Beech Grove, $5 221.10 

Iowa— $943.99 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Cedar Rapids, $100; 
Dallas Center, $74.55; Des Moines, $19.10; Des 
Moines Valley, $55; Iowa River, $22; Panther 
Creek, $98.02; S. S. : Coon River, $11.41, .... 380.08 

No. Dist., Cong.: Franklin County, $22.25; 
Ivester, $257.70; South Waterloo, $36.75; 
Spring Creek, $20.53; Rebecca Heagley (Shel- 
don), $5; S. S.: Union Ridge, (Franklin 

County), $25.78, 368.01 

So. Dist., Cong.: English River, $101.50; 
Franklin, $20.95; Liberty ville, $45; Monroe 
County, $7.70; North English, $18.75; Mrs. 
Delia Huffine (Council Bluffs), $2, 195.90 


The Missionary Visitor 


Kansas— $647.11 

N. E. Dist. Cong.: Abilene City, $44.50; 
Calvary, $15; Morrill, $189.50; Olathe, $13.45; 
Ottawa, $2; Sabetha, $80.50; S. S. : Navarre, 
$6.08, 351.03 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: No. Solomon, $17.40; 
Quinter, $25; A. G. Bishop (Maple Grove), 
$10.28, 52.68 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Hollow, $5; Osage, 
$20.08; S. S. : Osage, $10; Aid Soc. : Osage, 
$10 45 - 08 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: McPherson, $103; Mon- 
itor, $36.32; Salem Community, $55; Mrs. 

V. E. Whitmer (First Wichita), $4, 198.32 

Louisiana — $76.75 

Cong.: Roanoke, 76.75 

Maryland— $289.90 

E. Dist., Cong.: Bush Creek, $35.98; First 
Baltimore, $24.29; Green Hill. $10.13; Long 
Green Valley, $11; Meadow Branch, $14.44; 
Washington City, $86; S. P. Early & Wife 
(Woodberry, Baltimore), $5; S. S.: West- 
minster (Meadow Branch), $36.50; Aid Soc: 
New Windsor (Pipe Creek), $10, 233.34 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: A Sister (Broadfording), 
$4; Aid Soc: Maugansville (Broadfording), 
$10; Pleasant View, $10, 24.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Fairview, 32.56 

Michigan— $60.53 

Cong.: Beaverton, $30.53; Long Lake, $10; 

Woodland Village, $20 60.53 

Minnesota— $44.06 

Cong.: Bethel, $3.12; Hancock, $12.62; 

Worthington, $28.32, 44.06 

Missouri— $256.21 

No. Dist., Cong.: No. Bethel, $10; No. St. 
Joseph, $13.40; Pleasant View, $11.66; Shelby 
County, $5.10; So. Fork, $50.45; Wakenda, 
$51.46 142.07 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mineral Creek, $31.41; 
Osceola, $1.91; Warrensburg, $31.87 65.19 

So. Dist., Cong.: Broadwater, $1055; Fair- 
view, $40.40, 50.95 

Montana— $5.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: D. M. Moothart (Grand 

View), 5.00 

Nebraska— $343.51 

Cong.: Bethel, $110; Enders, $60.35; Falls 
City, $39; Kearney, $44.66; Lincoln, $21; 
Octavia, $7; So. Beatrice, $56.50; H. J. Miller 

(Alvo), $5, 343.51 

New Mexico — $6.75 

Cong.: Clovis, 6.75 

North Carolina— $5.30 

Cong.: Mt. Carmel 5.30 

North Dakota— $60.03 

Cong.: Berthold, $3; Brumbaugh, $8.75; 
Egeland, $14.78; James River, $8.50; Minot, 

$25, 60.03 

Ohio— $1,254.15 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Baltic, $24; Black 
River, $121; E. Chippewa, $17.08; Danville, 
$54.21; Kent, $10; Maple Grove, $45.36; Olivet, 
$43.56; Owl Creek, $26.15: Richland, $37.07; 
S. S.: Bethel, $35.31; Aid Soc: E. Chip- 
pewa, $6; Reading, $20.11, 439.85 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Bellefontaine, $14.65; 
Black Swamp, $10.46; Greenspring, $24.92; 
Pleasant View, $91.16; Sand Ridge, $6.70; 
Sugar Creek, $9.60; Mrs. Agnes Smith 
(Deshler), $5; Y. P. D. : Portage, $5.13; Aid 
Soc: Fostoria, $28.63, 196.25 

So. Dist., Cong.: Bradford, $11.55: Castine, 
$42; Donnels Creek, $40.82; Fort McKinley, 
$80; Harris Creek, $82.13; Middle District, 
$50.82; New Carlisle, $73.28; Painter Creek, 
$51.07; Pitsburg, $27.41; Springfield, $16.35; 
West Charleston, $60.47; Laura J. Knisley 
(Brookville), $4; Aid Soc: Castine, $10; E. 
Dayton, $5; Springfield, $3.15; Indv.: Harris 
Harman & Family, $10; No. 102397, $50, .... 618.05 
Oklahoma— $65.75 

Cong.: Big Creek, $38.75; Thomas, $5; Mary 
Wattenbarger (Thomas), $2; Aid Soc: Big 

Creek, $5; Indv.: A Co- Worker $15, 65.75 

Oregon— $66.10 

Cong.: Ashland, $25; Grants Pass, $16; 

Mabel, $18.15; Newberg, $3.35; Portland, $13.60; 
Chas. E. Wolff & Family (Myrtle Point), 

$10, 86.10 

Pennsylvania— $2,152.66 

E. Dist., Cong.: E. Fairview, $38.15; Fred- 
ericksburg, $30; Hatfield, $70.66; Indian 
Creek, $179; Palmyra, $66.73; Ridgely, $18.27; 
Spring Creek, $33.81; Swatara, Little, $56.50; 
West Conestoga, $113; West Green Tree, 
$55.16; Mrs. Mattie O. Weaver (E. Fair- 
view), $1; No. 102353 (Midway), $10; S. S.: 
Bareville (Conestoga), $41.23, 713.51 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Bannerville (Dry Val- 
ley), $5.33; Bellwood, $15.35; Cherry Lane, 
$7.20; Dry Valley, $11.58; Huntingdon, $10.17; 
Lewistown, $98.36; New Enterprise, $50; 
Roaring Spring, $16.60; Snake Spring, $26; 
Spring Run, $97.50; Women's Missionary 
Society (Huntingdon), $5; C. Snyder (Snake 
Spring), $10; Levi E. Greenawalt (Yellow 
Creek), $1; S. S.: Huntingdon, $40; James 
Creek, $4.35; "Truth Seekers" Class, Roar- 
ing Spring, $10; Aid Soc: Huntingdon, $44.83; 
Spring Run, $25, 477.77 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Wilmington, 25.68 

So. Dist., Cong.: Back Creek, $22; Codorus, 
$128; Hanover, $23.60; Sugar Valley, $9.69; 
Waynesboro, $373.62; Indv.: Mrs. Mattie F. 
Hollinger, $2, 558.91 

W. Dist., Cong.: Beachdale (Berlin), $14; 
Cowanshannock, $5.96; Mt. Joy, $61.57; Penn 
Run, $30; Pleasant Hill, $50; Plum Creek, 
$11.73; Rockton, $5; Rummel, $39.15; Shade 
Creek, $40.67; Summit Mills, $42.71; Union- 
town (Georges Creek), $60; Mrs. Wesley 
Hossebroth (Cumberland) $1; Ada Bowman 
(Middle Creek), $5; E. G. and Ida R. Hetrick 

(Red Bank), $10, 376.79 

Tennessee — $32.60 

Cong.: Beaver Creek, $18.60; Mountain Val- 
ley, $14, 32.60 

Texas— $111.20 

Cong.: Ft. Worth, $65; Manvel, $30.20; 

S. S.: Falfurrias, $16, 111.20 

Virginia— $793.76 

E. Dist., Cong.: Belmont, $6.25; Locust 
Grove, $8; Madison, $10; Midland, $23; Mut- 
ton Hollow (Mt. Carmel), $4.35; Nokesville, 
$40.21; Oronoco, $5; Richmond, $3.25; B. Y. 
P. D.: Nokesville, $10, 110.06 

1st Dist., Cong.: Cloverdale, $65; Mrs. 
Ethel Ankrum (Chestnut Grove), $5; S. S. : 
Pleasant View (Chestnut Grove), $14.70 84.70 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cooks Creek, $37.50; 
Salem, $1.60; Smith Creek, $10.08; Unity, 
$45.35; S. S. : Wakeman's Grove (Pleasant 
View), $13; Aid Soc: Eastern, Mill Creek, 
$10; Western, Mill Creek, $53.50, 171.03 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Bridgewater, $146.21; Elk 
Run, $24; Pleasant Valley, $72.68; Sangerville, 
$83.62; Staunton, $15; Summit, $43.30; Valley 
Bethel, $6.78; Frank Stultz (Crab Run, 
Upper Lost River), $5; Aid Soc: Barren 
Ridge, $10.50; Oak Grove (Lebanon), $7.20, 414.29 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pulaski, $5; Shelton. $8.68, 13.68 
Wash in g ton— $250.55 

Cong.: Okanogan Valley, $9.75; Olympia, 
$24.61; Omak, $15.55; Seattle, $19.83; Wenat- 
chee Valley, $71.25; Whitestone, $24.76; S. S.: 

Adult Department (Sunnyside), $84.80, 250.55 

West Virginia— $408.29 

1st Dist., Cong.: Bethel (White Pine), $2.80; 
Greenland, $10.50; Harman, $72.76; Sandy 
Creek, $300; C. W. Martin (Greenland), $2; 
Anna Hershey (White Pine), $1.50; S. S. : 
Bright Hollow (Capon Chapel), $3.73; White 
Pine, $10, 403.29 

Sec Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Gertrude Brown 

(Bethany), 5.00 

Wisconsin— $38.14 

Cong.: Maple Grove, $6.50; Rice Lake, 
$17.83; White Rapids, $12.81; Mrs. A. M. 
Cornwall (Stanley), $1, 38.14 

Total for the month, $11,436.30 

Total previously reported, 5,429.75 

Total for the year, $16,866.05 


The Missionary Visitor 



California— $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: A Sister, (Fresno), $ 5.00 

Indiana— $18.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Bachelors Run, 18.00 

Iowa— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Dallas Center, .... 20.00 
No. Dist., Cong.: H. E. Slifer (Ivester), .. 5.00 

Kansas— $30.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : Junior Department, 

Morrill, 30.00 

Ohio— $100.00 

So. Dist., Indv. : Annie May Calvert, 100.00 

Oklahoma— $1 .00 

Indv.: Garst, 1.00 

Pennsylvania — $5.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Individual (Royersford), 5.00 

Virginia— $40.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Manassas, 40.00 

Total for the month, $ 224.00 

Total previously reported, 370.74 

Total for the year, $ 594.74 

Indiana— $141.81 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Cart Creek, $60.81; 
David Stoner (Flora), $1, $ 61.81 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bethany, $50; Vera 
Steele (First South Bend), $10, 60.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: F. M. Bowers (Indian- 
apolis), 20.00 

Kansas — 100.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Howard Button (Ra- 

mona), 100.00 

Maryland— $20.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Wm. E. Roop (Meadow 

Branch) 20.00 

Michigan— $36.89 

Cong. : Lake view, 36.89 

Missouri— $11.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Dorothy Oxley (Deep- 
water), 11.00 

North Dakota— $10.00 

Aid Soc: Ellison, 10.00 

Ohio— $116.11 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Baltic, 16.11 

So. Dist., Cong.: Greenville, $50; Indv.: 

No. 102397, $50, 100.00 

Pennsylvania — $151.75 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Huntingdon, $100; 
Raven Run, $8.43; S. S. : "Busy Bee" Class 
and " Beacon Lights " Class of Bannervil'.e, 
(Dry Valley), $6 114.43 

So. Dist., S. S. : Chestnut Grove (Upper 
Codorus), $22.32; Indv.: Calvert N. Ellis, $5, 27.32 

W. Dist., Aid Soc: Rummel, 10.00 

Washington— $3 .00 

Cong.: Omak, 3.00 

West Virginia— $50.00 

1st Dist, Cong.: W. W. Bane & Wife 
(Beaver Run), 50.00 

Total for the month, $ 6-10.56 

Total previously reported, 2,384.37 

Total for the year, $3,024.93 

California— $75.86 

No. Dist., S. S. : Primary Dept., Empire, 
$9.25; Junior Dept., Empire, $25; La ton, 
$32.61; Three Children's Classes, Live Oak, 

$9, $ 75.86 

Colorado — $1.45 

E. Dist., Cong.: Antioch, 1.45 

Idaho— $34.75 

S. S.: Children of Boise Valley, $ 34.75 

Illinois— $296.48 

No. Dist., S. S. : Beginners Class, Bethel, 
$9; Junior Classes, Bethel, $19.25; Primary 
Classes, Bethel, $14; Intermediate Classes, 
Bethel, $32.08; Junior C. W. S.'s, Milledge- 
ville, $21.40; Junior League, Polo, $25.82 121.55 

So. Dist., S. S. : Juniors, Cerrp Gordo, 

$23.40; Junior Dept., LaMotte Prairie, $25.76; 
Primary Dept., Okaw, $39.15; Children of 
S. S., Okaw, $26.05; Primary Dept.. Virden, 

$20.50; Woodland, $40.07, 174.93 

Indiana— $332.41 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Junior League, Hickory 
Grove, $63.26; Spring Creek, $75, 138.26 

No. Dist., S. S.: Bethany, $18.90; Primary 
Dept., Blue River, $67; Primary Dept., Union 
Center, $29.25; Junior League, West Goshen, 
$15, 130.15 

So. Dist., S. S.: Junior League, Four Mile, 

$64, 64.00 

Iowa— $67.40 

No. Dist., Cong.: Sheldon, 20.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Primary Dept., English 
River, $24.65; Junior and Intermediate Depts., 
English River, $21.75; Ruth & Myrna Fisher, 

Osceola, $1, 47.40 

Kansas— $13.31 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Children of Conway 

Springs, 13.31 

Maryland— $40.47 

E. Dist., S. S.: Junior League, Pleasant 
Hill (Bush Creek), $27.55; Junior League. 
Westminster (Meadow Branch), $8.92; D. 

V. B. S.: Detour (Monocacy), $4, 40.47 

Michigan— $42.39 

S. S.: Intermediate Girls, Beaverton, $3.71; 
Junior Dept., Lakeview, $20.68; Children of 

Manistee, $18 42.39 

Minnesota— $9.60 

S. S.: Intermediate Class, Bethel, 9.60 

Missouri — $40.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Walnut Grove (Smith 

Fork), 40.00 

Nebraska— $46.48 

Cong.: Bethel, $31.05; Lincoln, $15.43, .... 46.48 
Ohio— $473.92 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Children of Ashland 
Dickey, $65.76; Children of Center, $43.83; 
Freeburg, $146.50, 256.09 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Junior League, North 
Poplar Ridge, 5.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Beech Grove, $33.03; S. S.: 
Primary Dept., Ft. McKinley, $22; Junior • 
League, Lower Miami, $64; Junior League, 
New Carlisle, $70.74; Junior League, Union 
City, $7.36; Nine primary children of Wheat- 

ville (Upper Twin), $15.70, 212.83 

Oregon— $20.50 

S. S. : Junior Classes, Grants Pass, 20.50 

Pennsylvania— $383.56 

E. Dist., S. S.: Shamokin, 13.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Children of New Enter- 
prise, $59.53; Spring Run, $99.06, 158.59 

So. Dist., S. S. : Junior League, Brown's 
Mill (Falling Spring), $43.55; Intermediate 
Girls' Class, Pleasant Hill (Codorus), $28; 
"Sunbeam" Class, Ridge, $2; Black Rock 
(Upper Codorus), $57.12; Primary, Junior, 
Intermediate, and Young People's Classes, 
Chestnut Grove (Upper Codorus), $54, 181.67 

W. Dist., S. S. : "Sunshine" Class, Glade 

Run, $10; Rummel, $17.30, 27.30 

Virginia— $252.46 

E. Dist., S. S. : Primary Class, Hollywood, 
$3.13; Son of R. M. Figgers (Oronoco), $2, 5.13 

1st Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, 15.68 

No. Dist., S. S.: Primary Dept., Mt. Zion, 
$3.50; Primary Class, Valley Pike (Wood- 
stock), $5; Indv.: Vernie Baker, $1 9.50 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Sangerville, $80; S. S. : 
Barren Ridge, $80.35; _ Voilette V. Null 
(Pleasant Valley), $1; Primaries & Beginners, 
Summit, $23.56; Juniors, Summit, $37.24, .. 222.15 
Washington— $192.87 

S. S.: Outlook, $42.25; Children of Sunny- 
side, $120; Whitestone, $30.62, 192.87 

Wisconsin— $3.38 

S. S.: Worden, 3.38 

Total for the month, $2,327.29 

Total previously reported, 781.41 

Total for the year, ....$3,108.70 


The Missionary Visitor 


B. Y. P. D. FUND— 1927 
Indiana — $5.00 
So. Dist., Y. P. D. : Grace (Indianapolis), $ 

Iowa— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., Y. P. D.: Beaver , 

Kansas— $5.00 

N. E. Dist., Y. P. D.: Ottawa, 

Missouri — $5.50 

Mid. Dist., Y. P. D: Prairie View, 

Nebraska— $25.00 

Y. P. D.: Bethel, 

Ohio— $45.32 

N. E. Dist., Y. P. D.: Center 

N. W. Dist., S. S. : Mission Study Class. 
Marion. $10.32; Y. P. D. : Silver Creek, 6, 

So. Dist., Y. P. D.: Harris Creek, 

Pennsylvania— $109.11 

Mid. Dist., Y. P. D. : Spring Run, 

So. Dist., Y. P. D. : Brown's Mill (Falling 

W. Dist., Y. P. D.: Berkey (Shade 

Virginia — $8.62 

Sec. Dist., Y. P. D.: Moscow 

Washington— $4.95 

C. W. S.: Omak, 








Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported 


Total for the year, $ 1,154.71 


: H. E. Slifer (Ivester), $ 
Cong.: Mrs. M. Keller 

Iowa— $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong 
Kansas— $1.00 

S. W. Dist., 


Maryland— $2.00 

Mid Dist., Cong: John A. Myers (Licking 


Missouri — 2.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Lizzie Fahnestock 


Pennsylvania— $53.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Mattie O. Weaver 
(E. Fairview), $1; S. S. : "Ever Faithful" 
Class, Chiques, $22.50, 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Individual (Royersford), 

W. Dist., Cong.: John F. Graham (Shade 


West Virginia— $1.00 

1st Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Minnie B. Miller 

Total for the month, ■ $ 

Total previously reported, 







Total for the year, $ 1,926.92 


Indiana— 35.00 

No. Dist., S. S. : "Good Samaritan Class," 

Plymouth, $ 35.00 

Iowa— $5.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: So. Keokuk, 5.00 

Kansas— $37.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Bloom, $25; S. S. : 

First Wichita, $12 37.00 

Ohio— $6.25 

So. Dist., S. S. : "Golden Rule" Class, 

Lower Stillwater, 6.25 

Pennsylvania — $111.25 

E. Dist., S. S.: Florin (West Green 
Tree), $35; Aid Soc. : West Green Tree, 

$26.25; C. W. S. : Indian Creek, $50, 111.25 

Virginia— $35.00 

Sec. Dist, Aid Soc: Pleasant Valley 35.00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 


California— $50.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : Hemet, $ 50.00 

Indiana— $175.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pipe Creek, $100; Grace 

Miller Murphy (Mexico), $75, 175.00 

Maryland — $25.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: " Berean Bible Class," 

Ridge College, (Pipe Creek) 25.Cu 

Ohio— $87.50 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Claude G. Vore (Lima), 25.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Altruists" Class, E. 

Dayton, $12.50; Painter Creek, $50, 50.00 

Pennsylvania— $247.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Ridgely, $21.50; S. S. : 
" Character Builders " Class, Midway, $13, 34.50 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Roaring Spring 50.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Wm. P. Keim & Wife 
(Harmony ville), $25; S. S.: "Greater Mis- 
sionary Class," Norristown. $25 50.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: B. F. Lightner & Wife 
(Marsh Creek), 12.50 

W. Dist., S. S.: Men's Loyal Bible Class, 
Rummel, 100.00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $ 4,103.12. 

Pennsylvania — $30.00 
E. Dist., S. S.: "Gleaners Class," Ephrata, $ 30.00 

Total for the month, $ 30.00 

Total previously reported, 100.00 

Total for the year, $ 130.00 

Oregon— $18.25 

Cong.: Tucker Family (Weston), $5; S. S. : 
Junior Dept. Weston, $13.25, $ 18.25 

Total for the month, $ 18.25 

Total previously reported, 15.00 

Total for the year, ..$ 33.25 

Indiana — $2.05 

So. Dist., S. S.: Middletown, .$ 2.05 

Iowa— $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: H. E. Slifer (Ivester), 5.00 

Kansas— $5.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: McPherson, 5.00 

Maryland— $13.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Green Hill 10.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: John A. Myers (Licking 

Creek) 3.00 

Pennsylvania— $31.00 

E. Dist.. Cong.: Mrs. Mattie O. Weaver 

(E. Fairview), 1.00 

S. E. Dist.. Cong.: Individual (Royersford), 5.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: John F. Graham (Shade 

Creek), 25.00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $ 1,689.18 

Ohio— $75.00 

X. E. Dist., S. S.: Ashland Dickey, $ 75.00 

Washington— $94.38 

S. S.: Seattle, 94.38 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $ 904.24 

Total for the year, $ 300.33 

Illinois— $25.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Women's Class, Elgin, $ 25.00 
Indiana— $100.00 
Mid. Dist., Aid Soc: Manchester, 100.00 


The Missionary Visitor 


North Dakota— $25.00 

S. S. : Kenmare, .. 


Total for the month, $ 150.00 

Total previously reported, 1,271.09 

Total for the year, $1,421.09 

Cuba— $24.00 

Omaja Cuba Memorial, $ 24.00 

Total for the month, $ 24.00 

Total previously reported, 33.23 

Total for the year, $ 57.23 

Pennsylvania— $25.00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Hooversville, $ 25.00 

Total for the month, $ 25.00 

Total previously reported, O.flO 

Total for the year, $ 25.00 

Indiana— $8.09 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Walton, $ 7.09 

So. Dist., Cong.: D. T. Bailiff (Arcadia), 1.00 

Iowa— $7.75 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: C. Z. Reitz (Maxwell), 2.75 

No. Dist., Cong.: H. E. Slifer (Ivester), .. 5.00 

Kansas— $10.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Osage, 10.00 

Maryland— $26.02 

E. Dist., Cong.: Westminster (Meadow 
Branch), $16.02; D. V. B. S.: Westminster 

(Meadow Branch), $10, 26.02 

Ohio— $102.75 

So. Dist., S. S.: Junior Class, Gratis, $2.75; 

Indv.: Annie May Calvert, $100 102.75 

Pennsylvania — $341.65 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Mattie O. Weaver 
(E. Fairview), $1; S. S. : Ridgely, $35.65, ...$ 36.65 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: First Philadelphia, $125; 
Individual (Royersford), $5, 130.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Missionary Soc. (Rox- 
bury), $100; John F. Graham (Shade Creek), 
$25; S. S.: Beginners Classes, Geiger, $50, .. 175.00 
Virginia— $15.00 

Sec. Dist., Cong. : Elsie V. Crickenberger 

(Staunton), 15.00 

Washington— $10.00 

Cong.: M. A. Verbeck (Okanogan Valley), 10.00 
Wisconsin — $.50 

S. S.: Stanley, .50 

Total for the month, $ 521.76 

Total previously reported, 3,260.05 

Correction No. 23, 

$ 3,781.81 

Total for the year, $3,779.04 

Maryland— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Altruistic Bible Class, 

Hagerstown, $ 25.00 

Pennsylvania — $3.47 

S. E. Dist., S. S. : Junior Dept., First 
Philadelphia, 3.47 

Total for the month, $ 28.47 

Total previousl yreported, 468.40 

Correction No. 23, 

$ 496.87 

Total for the year $ 499.64 

Pennsylvania— $1.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Mattie O. Weaver 
(E. Fairview), $ 1.00 

Total for the month, $ 1.00 

Total previously reported, 77.95 

Idaho— $5.00 

Cong.: James A. and Adaline Stouder 

(Nampa), $ 5.00 

Illinois— $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bethel, $ 5.00 

Washington— $51 .00 

Cong.: No. 102063 (Olympia), $50; Lizzie 
D. Mohler (Whitestone), $1, 51.00 

Total for the month, $ 61.00 

Total previously reported, 67.50 

Total for the year, $ 128.50 

California — $21.02 

No. Dist., Cong.: Virgil & Jennie Fouts 
(Laton), $ 5.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Hermosa Beach, 16.02 

Illinois— $44.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: Lanark, $14; S. S. : Shan- 
non, $16.50, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Astoria, 

Indiana— $12.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: West Eel River, 

Iowa— $12.63 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Coon River, 

So. Dist., S. S.: Franklin, 

Maryland— $39.54 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Broadfording, 

W. Dist., S. S.: Maple Grove, 

Michigan— $1.00 

Indv.: Unknown donor of Brutus, 

Missouri— $17.04 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mineral Creek, 

Nebraska— $12.56 

Cong. : Octavia, $5 ; Omaha, $7.56, 

Pennsylvania— $609.93 

E. Dist., Cong.: Annville, $170; Maiden 
Creek, $29.92; Palmyra, $83.49; S. S.: Ann- 
ville, $24.12; Heidleberg, $35; " Character 
Builders Class," Midway, $5; Hannah Bin- 
ner's Class, Midway, $5; Elizabeth Martin's 
Class, Midway, $5; "Willing Workers" 
Class, Midway, $5; Skippack (Mingo), $21.50; 
Easton (Peach Blossom), $13.42; Spring 
Creek, $16.56; Springville, $30 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: First Altoona, $20; S. S. : 
Spring Run, $30.63, 

So. Dist., S. S. : New Fairview, 

W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Elizabeth Mills 
(Walnut Grove, Johnstown). $5; Ada Bow- 
man (Middle Creek), $5; S. S. : Maple Grove 

(Johnstown), $12; Plum Creek, $11.13, 

Virginia— $16.50 

No. Dist., S. S.: Valley Pike (Woodstock), 
Wisconsin— $3.10 

S. S.: Worden, 













Total for the month, $ 790.32 

Total previously reported 942.67 

Total for the year, $1,732.99 

Idaho— $2.25 

Cong.: Payette Valley, , $ 2.25 

Total for the month, $ 2.25 

Total previously reported, 5.00 

Total for the year $ 7.25 

Pennsylvania — $10.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. E. E. Borthwick 
(First Philadelphia), 10.00 

Total for the month, $ 10.00 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 78.95 

Total for the year $ 10.00 

California— $13.25 

No. Dist., S. S.: Patterson, $ 13.25 


The Missionary Visitor 

Illinois— $177.11 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elgin, 177.11 

Indiana— $178.67 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mexico, 103.51 

No. Dist., Cong.: Plymouth, $21.26; Rock 

Run, $53.90, 75.16 

Maryland— $50.00 
E. Dist., Cong.: New Windsor (Pipe Creek), 50.00 

Minnesota— $25.00 

Cong.: Minneapolis 25.00 

Ohio— $281.38 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Irena & Irma Kurtz 
(Canton City), $10; E. Chippewa, $41, 51.00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: E. Swan Creek (Swan 
Creek), 18.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: New Carlisle, $202.98; 

Union City, $9.40, 212.38 

Pennsylvania— $17.85 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Yellow Creek 11.85 

W. Dist., Cong.: Middlecreek, 6.00 

Virginia— $53.65 

No. Dist., Cong.: Unity, 49.65 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Chimney Run, 4.00 

Washington— $22.85 

Cong.: Tacoma, $12.85; Aid Soc. : Tacoma, 
$10, 22.85 

Total for the month, $ 819.76 

Total previously reported, 58,029.15 

Total for the year $58,848.91 


Indiana— $5.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Four Mile, $ 5.00 

Iowa— $6.33 

So. Dist., Cong.: Libertyville, 6.33 

Kansas— $3.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Orpha Loshbaugh (Hol- 
low), 3.00 

Michigan — $6.00 

S. S.: Wise (Shepherd) 6.00 

Pennsylvania— $29.92 

E. Dist., Cong.: Maiden Creek, 29.92 

Total for the month, $ 50.25 

Total previously reported, 95.98 

Total for the year, $ 146.23 

Ohio— $100.00 

So. Dist., Indv.: Lucinda Ann Hixson, ....$ 100.00 

Total for the month, $ 100.00 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 100.00 

Pennsylvania— $100.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: John Jacoby & Wife 
(Plum Creek) $ 100.00 

Total for the month $ 100.00 

Total previously reported, 1,385.00 

Total for the year $1,485.00 

California— $892.51 

No. Dist., Lindsay Cong, for Dr. Ida 
Metzger, $ 250.00 

So. Dist., La Verne Cong, for L. A. Blick- 
enstaff and E. D. Vaniman and wives, $107.51; 
Isaiah Brenaman (La Verne) for John I. 
Kaylor, $250; Sunday Schools for Clarence 

C. Heckman, $285, 642.51 

Colorado— $273.90 

E. Dist., S. G. Nickey (Colorado Springs) 

for Dr. Barbara Nickey, 273.90 

Idaho— $261.85 

Congs. of Idaho and W. Mont, for Dr. D. 
L. Horning, $123.46, for Anetta C. Mow, 

$138.39, 261.85 

Illinois— $1,102.28 

No. Dist., First Chicago S. S. for Floyd E. 

Mallott, $450; Franklin Grove Cong, for 
Bertha Butterbaugh, $28.67; Mt. Morris S. 
S. for Sadie J. Miller, $188.61; Franklin 
Grove Aid Soc. for Bertha Butterbaugh, $50, 677.28 

So. Dist., Virden S. S. for Dr. Laura M. 
Cottrell, $125; Individuals and S. S.'s of 

Okaw, for J. E. Wagoner, $300, 425.00 

Indiana— $252.15 

No. Dist., Oak Grove S. S. for Mary 
Schaeffer and Marguerite Burke, $17.25; B. 
Y. P. D.'s for Clara Harper Budget, $121, .. 138.25 

So. Dist., Rossville Cong, for Minerva 
Metzger, $100; Junior Class Buck Creek S. 
S.: for Nettie B. Summer, $13.90, 113.90 

Iowa— $125.00 

Mid. Dist., Panther Creek S. S. for Olivia 

D. Ikenberry, 125.00 

Kansas— $15.00 

S. E. Dist., J. L. Mohler (Mont Ida) for 
Emma H. Eby, $5; Mont Ida Aid Soc. for 

Emma H. Eby, $10, 15.00 

Maryland— $100.00 

Mid. Dist., Hagerstown Cong, for Harlan 

J. Brooks and wife, 100.00 

Ohio— $453.86 

N. E. Dist., Hartville Cong, for Anna 
Brumbaugh, $50; Owl Creek Cong, for Lola 
Helser, $26.44; Olivet Aid Soc. for Esther 
Mae Helser, $79.76 156.20 

N. W. Dist., Eden S. S. for Hattie Z. 
Alley, $22.65; Pleasant View S. S. for Ellen 

H. Wagoner, $275 297.66 

Pennsylvania — $1,139.10 

E. Dist., Indian Creek Cong, for Sara 
Shisler 300.00 

Mid. Dist., Albright Cong. & S. S. for 
Olivia D. Ikenberry, $20; Carson Valley 
Cong, for A. G. Butterbaugh, $85 105.00 

S. E. Dist., Coventry Cong, for H. Stover 
Kulp, 100.00 

W. Dist., Scalp Level Cong, for Dr. H. L. 
Burke, $600; Tire Hill (Quemahoning) Aid 

Soc. for Esther Beahm, $34.10, 634.10 

Virginia— $738.03 

1st Dist., Cloverdale S. S. for Rebecca C. 
Wampler 25.00 

Sec. Dist., Barren Ridge Cong, for Nora 
Flory, $100; Bridgewater Cong, for Ella 
Flohr, $198; Elk Run Cong, for Sara Z. 
Myers, $26.48; Lebanon Cong, for Chalmer 
Shull, $148.55; Middle River Cong, for B. M. 
Flory, $155; Pleasant Valley Cong, for Edna 
R. Flory, $70, 698.03 

So. Dist., Montevista (Bethlehem) S. S. for 
Rebecca C. Wampler, $10; for Elsie N. 

Shickel, $5, 15.00 

West Virginia— $53.65 

1st Dist., Eglon Cong, for Anna B. Mow, 53.65 

Total for the month, $5,447.32 

Total previously reported 35,203.89 

Correction No. 22, 92.01 

Total for the year, $40,743.22 


(Continued from Page 67) 
is a formal system and what is Christ or 
Christlike. The church's history is stained 
with blood, for a number of religious wars 
were waged by Christians, which is a blotch 
upon her record. And in the church life of 
our own day are there not many things we 
call Christian which are not in harmony 
with the spirit of Jesus? Can you think of 
situations that should be made more Christ- 
like? Is it Christlike to sanction, support or 


The Missionary Visitor 


take active part in war? or to lynch Ne- 
groes? or to strive against another church 
in your community? 

We usually think of the terms Christian 
and Christianity as having the same meaning, 
but Orientals do not. They make a distinc- 
tion between organized and institutionalized 
Christianity and Christ. Christ they see as 
a great" or as the greatest Personality of his- 
tory; a marvelous, attractive perfect Char- 
acter, whose life was above reproach. The 
leaders know his teaching, so they know 
what is Christian. Oftentimes they fail to 
take into account the weakness of human na- 
ture. But they are striking the heart of the 
problem when they say, as one Hindu lec- 
turer said to the Christians in his audience, 
"If you Christians would live like Jesus 
Christ, India would be at your feet tomor- 
row." The crying need is Christ and Christ- 
like lives. He " included all classes and con- 
ditions of men within the circle of his sym- 
pathies and fellowship." Is the average 
church in the community doing that today? 
Do the rich and the poor, the employers and 
the employees, the black, the white and the 
yellow meet together before the Lord, the 
Maker of them all? 

Would it not do us good to make a careful 
study to see wherein we could make our 
lives and our churches more in harmony with 
the spirit of Christ? So, then, ours is an 
adventurous task, for we want to make all 
of life — life in all of its relationships — Chris- 
tian, and give to the peoples of non-Chris- 
tian lands the best we have, Christ himself. 
And the important thing is that they re- 
ceive him, the Light, the Truth and the Way, 
and should not be expected to take all the 
outer forms of Christianity from the West. 
And we must not slacken our efforts nor 
lessen our support because the West is 
steadily pouring its worst elements into these 
non-Christian lands, and exploiting their 
natural and human resources. We are duty 
and honor bound to send to them the coun- 
teracting influences of the Gospel, which 
gives hope and life, to give to them Christ 
and his God, Father of all peoples. 


(Continued from Page 74) 

weekly Sunday worship, provision may be 
made for the young people's missionary 
offering. Since this money helps the local 

church raise its missionary money this sys- 
tem would be a distinct help to the congre- 
gation. Special coin envelopes may be used, 
so the treasurer can keep the project money 
separate. The General Mission Board will 
furnish such coin envelopes free for this 

Who Should Engage in This Project? 
All young people. Another project, the 
medical work in India, is proposed for the 
children. Young married people and adults 
may join in this effort. However, the Share 
Plan of Support is recommended for them. 
A leaflet will be sent free by the General 
Mission Board. 

How to Use the Poster 

The poster, " Evangelism in India," is ar- 
ranged so the progress of payments may be 
made in a visual way. If a goal is set for 
the year it may be divided into the amounts 
to be paid each month. These monthly 
goals can be recorded on the poster, and as 
soon as they are met the word PAID can 
be written across the space. 

Where to Get the Money 

The teaching of the Christian Gospel to 
all men is by divine order, and this mission- 
ary project has a just claim on a portion 
of whatever money we may have or be 
spending. Many young people will tithe or 
set aside some definite portion of their 
earnings. This is the best method. Some 
will deny themselves personal pleasures. 

Young people in rural churches may set 
out a field of grain. Several young men on 
an appointed day may prepare the ground 
for a field of corn. Working together they 
could plant and cultivate. The harvesting 
of the golden ears could easily be an enjoy- 
able social event for boys and girls and the 
crop would bring financial profit. 

Candy making, food sales, raising live 
stock, working definite days for the project, 
and doing odd jobs may furnish money for 
this task. 

Sending in the Money 

The money should be sent to General 
Mission Board, Elgin, 111. Designate it for 
the B. Y. P. D. Fund, 1928. Send it monthly 
or as frequently as seems best. Do not 
hold money until the end of the year. It 
should be sent on its way to do service in 
India. Besides, we want to send out good 
reports from your department. 

Church of the Brethren Missionaries 

Supported in Whole or in Part by Funds Administered by the General Mission Board 
With the Year They Entered Service 

Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Geer, Va. 

Bollinger, Amsey and Flor- 
ence, 1922 

Finckh, Elsie, 1925 

Hersch, Orville and Mabel, 

Kline, Alvin, 1926 

Wampler, Nelie, 1922 
Dayton, Va. 

Early, It. C, and Emma, 
In Pastoral Service 

Bowman, Price and Elsie, 
Bassett, Va., 1925 

Eby, E. L 1 ., and Emma, 3503 
St. Joseph Ave., St. Jo- 
seph, Mo., 1927 

Fahnestock, Rev. and Mrs. 
S. G., 1059 Michigan Ave., 
Portland, Ore., 1927 

Haney, R. A. and Irva, 
Lonaconing, Md., 1925 

Horner, W. J. and Hazel, 
3122 Ellis Ave., Fort 
worth, Texas, 1920 

Rohrer, Ferdie and Pearl, 
Jefferson, N. C, 1927 

Royer, Naomi, 1059 Michi- 
gan Ave., Portland, Ore., 

Showalter, R. K. and Flor- 
ence, Rose Pine, La., 1926 

White, Ralph and Matie, 
1206 E. Holston Ave.. 
Johnson City, Tenn., 1923 
In Evangelistic Service 

Smith, Rev. and Mrs. S. Z., 
Sidney, Ohio 

Spanhusvagen 38, Malmo, 

Graybill, J. F., and Alice, 

Buckingham, Ida, 1913 
Liao Chow, Shansi, China 

Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 

Senger, Nettie M., 1916 

Shock, Laura J., 1916 
Peking, China 
% No. China Language School 

Coffman, Dr. Carl, 1921, and 
Lulu, 1919 
Ping Ting Chow, Shansi, 

Crumpacker, F. H., 1908 

Flory, Edna R., 1917 

Metzger, Minerva, 1910 

Schaeffer, Mary, 1917 
Show Yang, Shansi, China 

Neher, Minneva J., 1924 

Ulery, Ruth F.. 1926 
T'ung Chow, Chihli, China 

Flory, Byron M., and Nora, 

Heisey, Walter J., and Sue, 

Oberholtzer, I. E., and 
Elizabeth, 1916 

Seese, Norman A., and 
Anna, 1917 

On Furlough 

Baker, Elizabeth, 426 E. 51st 

St., Chicago, 111. 
Bright, J. Homer and Min- 
nie, 3435 Van Buren St., 

Chicago, 111., 1911 
Ikenberry, E. L. and Olivia, 

3343 Whitney Ave., Mt. 

Carmel, Conn., 1922 
Brubaker, L. S., and Marie, 

1031^ W. 34th St., Los 

Angeles, Calif., 1924 
Clapper, V. Grace, 3435 Van 

Buren St., Chicago, 111., 

Cline, Mary E., Seth Low 

Hall, 106 Morningside 

Drive, New York City, 1920 
Flory, Raymond, and Lizzie, 

R. 4, Grants Pass, Ore., 

Crumpacker, Anna, McPher- 

son, Kans., 1908 
Horning, Dr. D. L., and 

Martha, 1136 Michigan 

Ave., Topeka, Kans., 1919 
Horning, Emma, 400 So. Ho- 

man Ave., Chicago, 111., 

Hutchison, Anna, Easton, 

Md., 1911 
Myers, Minor M., and Sara, 

Bridgewater. Va., 1919 
Smith, W. Harlan and 

Frances, 3435 Van Buren 

St., Chicago, 111., 1920 
Sollenberger, O. C, and 

Ha*el, % J. W. Coppock, 

Tippecanoe City, Ohio, 1919 
Vaniman. Ernest D.. and 

Susie, La Verne, Calif., 1913 
Wampler, Dr. Fred J., and 

Rebecca, Accomac, Va., 


Garkida, Nigeria, West Afri- 
can, via Jos 

Flohr, Earl W., and Ella, 

Gibbel, Dr. J. Paul, and 

Verda, 1926 
Harper, Clara, 1926 
Helser, Albert D., 1922, and 

Lola, 1923 
Robertson, Dr. Russell L., 

and Bertha C. 1927 
Shisler, Sara, 1926 
Dille, via Jos and Maiduguri, 
Nigeria, West Africa 

Burke, Dr. Homer L., and 

Marguerite, 1923 
Kulp, H. Stover, 1922, and 

Christina, 1927 
On Furlough 
Mallott, Floyd, and Ruth, 

No. Manchester, Ind., 1924 
Heckman, Clarence C, and 

Lucile, Polo, 111., 1924 
Beahm, Wm. M., and Es- 
ther, 5800 Maryland Ave., 

Chicago, 111. 

Ahwa, Dangs, India 

Butterbaugh, A. G., and 

Bertha, 1919 

Garner, H. P., and Kathryn, 
Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 

Grisso, Lillian, 1917 

Long, I. S., and Erne. 1903 

Moomaw, I. W., and Mabel, 

Shickel, Elsie. 1921 
Stoner, Susan L., 1927 
Woods, Beulah, 1924 
Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 
Blickenstaff, Lynn A., and 

Mary, 1920 
Blickenstaff, Verna M., 1919 
Cottrell, Dr. A. R., and 

Laura, 1913 
Mohler, Jennie, 1916 
Shumaker, Ida C, 1910 
Dahanu Road, Thana Dist., 
Ebbert, Ella, 1917 
Metzger, Dr. Ida, 1925 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 

Roop, Ethel, 1926 
Royer, B. Mary, 1913 
Wolf, L. Mae, 1922 
Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B., 1900 
Vada, Thana Dist., India 
Brumbaugh, Anna B., 1919 
Kaylor, John I., 1911 and 

Ina, 1921 
Swartz, Goldie E., 1916 
Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Alley, Howard L., and H*i 

tie, 1917 
Post Umalla, via Anklesvar. 
Lichty, D. J., 1902, and An 

na, 1912 
Miller, Arthur S. B., and 

Jennie, 1919 
Widdowson. Olive, 1912 
Ziegler, Kathryn. 1908 
Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 
Blougb, J. M., and Anna. 

Brooks, Harlan J., and Ruth, 

Mow, Anetta, 1917 
Burjor Bag, Lunsikui, Nav- 
sare, India 
Mow, Baxter M., and Anna, 

On Furlough 

Ebey, Adam. and Alice, 

North Manchester, Ind., 

Hollenberg. Fred M., and 

Nora, 3435 Van Buren St., 

Chicago, 111., 1919 
Kintner, Elizabeth, Ney, 

Ohio, 1919 
Miller, Sadie J., R. F. D., 

Waterloo, Iowa, 1903 
Shull, Chalmer and Mary, 

3435 Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago, 111., 1919 
Summer, B. F., and Nettie, 

3435 W. Van Buren St., 

Chicago, 111., 1919 
Wagoner, J. E., and Ellen, 

North Manchester, Ind., 


Please Notice. — Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 



Brother "C" 











In May, 1925, we told about Brother "A"; how he had 
just died and his annuity bonds became cancelled whereby the 
total of $40,000.00 became available for the Board's work. That 
was the highest sum thus far received from one person on 
the Annuity Plan. 

In January, 1925, the Board's Treasurer met Brother " C " 
on a train going to the World's Missionary Conference in Wash- 
ington, D. C. It was a most pleasant interview — our Brother 
" C " revealed his business sagacity by asking questions about 
the Board's handling of annuity finances and to ascertain what 
assurances there were as to safety and the exercise of sound 
business discretion. A year passed after which this brother in- 
vested in his first annuity bond of the Board. Six months passed 
and he increased another $10,000.00. Another six months passed 
and another $10,000.00. Very recently and quite unexpectedly 
came $20,000.00 more, making a grand total of $50,000.00. 

Brother " C " has made a record that will challenge any to 

excel who are able to do so. Be it remembered, however, that 

whatever the amount from $50.00 up we give the same careful 

attention to all alike. We shall be glad to tell you more 

about our Annuity Plan. Use the coupon below now. 


Treasurer, ^S^ 

22 So. State St 
Elgin, 111. 

Dear Brother: 

. \ 

Please send me without 

Ger\eral Missiorv Board 

£lgii\. Illinois 

obligation on my part your 
Booklet V 238. 


















^♦j| HiaHlia|limiH|»|ll|g|ll|»|ll|H|ll|B|ll|M|ll|«|M|B|ll|B|ll|B|ll|a|ll|B|l l| 





Church of the 'Brethren 

Vol. XXX 

April, 1928 

No. 4 


Volunteers Face Todays Problems 
The Missionary of the Future 

Echoes and Reflections from Detroit 

Edward Ziegler 
Charles D. Bonsacfy 

Lorell Weiss 

Detroit and the Brethren 

The Volunteer Groups at Work 
Making Missions Vital 

Telford Blovgh 

Mrs. A. S. B. Miller 

■'■;■■• . 







North Manchester, 



1912- 192S. 

A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa, 1916-1929. 
H. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa., 1923-1932. 
J. B. EMMERT, La Verne, Calif., 1924-1931. 
LEVI GARST, Salem, Va., R. R. 1, 1925-1930. 


OTHO WINGER, President, 1912-1928. 

A. P. BLOUGH, Vice President, 1916-1929. 

CHARLES D. BONSACK, General Secretary, 
1921. * 

H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor, 1918. 

M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary, 1919. 

CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer, 1920. 

Note. — The bold type date indicates the year when Board Members were first elected, the 
other date the year when Board Members' terms expire. 

* Although Bro. Bonsack was not elected secretary until 1921 he has been connected with 
the Board since 1906. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, 111. 


The subscription price is included in EACH donation of four dollars or more to the General 
Mission Board 5> either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the four dollars 
or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. Different 
members of the same family may each give four dollars or more and extra subscriptions, 
thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be interested in read- 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every four dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of four dollars or more, no 
matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the Com- 
mittee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will be sent 
to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address, give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year if 
possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice at Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 

Jeva Helps His People 

An India Missionary Play 

Four scenes presenting rural India today and her response to the 
Christian missionary. The scenes are full of suspense, pathos and love. 
No elaborate stage equipment is required. The participants should be 
dressed in Indian costumes, which are very simple and can easily be 
made. Helpful to the 1928 B. Y. P. D. missionary project, " Evangelism 
in India." Time, about 1 hour and 15 minutes. Price, 30c. Twelve 
speaking, parts, 7 male, 5 female. Others may be used. 

Elgin, 111. 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Vol. XXX 

APRIL, 1928 

No. 4 



How Volunteers Face Today's Problems, Ed- 
ward Ziegler 97 

The Conference Offering 98 

Contributed Articles 
The Missionary of the Future, Charles D. 

Bonsack 99 

Echoes and Reflections From Detroit, Lorell 

Weiss 101 

Detroit and the Brethren, Telford Blough 102 

The Volunteer Groups at Work 104 

Notes From Our Fields 109 

The Workers' Corner 

Missionary News 112 

A Voice From India 114 

Missionary Project Workers 114 

Our Women's Department 
Making Missions Vital, Mrs. A. S. B. Miller ..115 
Practical Work of Chicago Woman's Missionary 
Society, Mrs. Earl A. Landes 116 

The Junior Missionary 
Taking a Sick Baby to the Doctor in India, 

Mary Shull 117 

Self-Denial Week (Poem) 120 

By the Evening Lamp, 120 

Financial Report ... 121 

How Volunteers Face 
Today's Problems 

THE United Student Volunteers usually 
have a business meeting at Annual 
Conference in June, at which time 
they discuss problems, work out plans, and 
reorganize for the coming year. Since Con- 
ference this year is to be in the far West, 
and most of the colleges expected to be 
well represented at the Tenth Quadrennial 
Convention of the Student Volunteer Move- 
ment in Detroit, Dec. 28 to Jan. 1, they 
decided to have their business meeting at 
that time and place. About forty persons, 
mostly students, but including faculty mem- 
bers, missionaries, and board secretaries, 
were there. The president, Edward K. 
ZTegler, of Bridgewater College, presided. 

After a period of devotion, the traveling 
secretary, Bro. Harlan Smith, presented an 
illuminating report of his trip to the col- 
leges, that gave rise to some earnest, 
thoughtful discussions. Some of his findings 
are that the Volunteer groups in the various 
colleges seem to lack definite, clear-cut 
objectives ; that they are not quite sure of 
their place on the campuses ; that they want 
to be linked up more closely with the Gen- 
eral Mission Board secretaries ; and, perhaps 
most important of all, that nearly ten per 
cent of our college students are Volunteers, 
eager to serve, but not just sure where the 
church is going to need them, or whether 
the church will want them. In the discus- 
sion following Secretary Smith's report, it 
became clear that the Volunteers are doing 
many splendid types of work, but that 
there is a question about the adequacy of 
the organization for present needs. Perhaps 
a new organization is needed to do the work 
they have been doing. Or perhaps we need 
merely to reinterpret our aims, and to for- 
mulate more challenging objectives. Has 
the need for the Volunteer Movement in 
our church passed? Can its work be done 
just as well by other organizations, such as 
the B. Y. P. D., or the Y organizations? 
The movement has served worthily and 
acceptably in the past ; has it become obso- 
lescent? What is the place of the Volun- 
teers in the church today, in the college 
region, on the campus? These problems 
were discussed fearlessly and with frank 
optimism. Most of the delegates thought 
that it is not so much a change of name and 
organization that we need as a reinterpre- 
tation of aims and a clarification of objec- 

In order to have a scientific basis for such 
a study, the Volunteers decided that the 
traveling secretary for next year should 
make a careful study of the movement, and. 


The Missionary Visitor 


with the aid of a representative of the Mis- 
sion Board, study the work and place of 
each local group, with a view of making a 
report and recommendations to the meeting 
of the Volunteers in 1929. Representatives 
of each college group gave a report of their 
activities and ideals for the present year. 
The gist of these reports may be found 
elsewhere in this issue of the Visitor. To 
save expenses of traveling for the next year, 
the number of student officers was tempo- 
rarily reduced to two, who are to share the 
duties of the officers. The president is to 
do the work of the traveling secretary, while 
the secretary will edit Volunteer Talk, plan 
for deputation work, and have charge of 
the educational work. Because of the com- 
plexity of bur present problems, the new 
Officers were "chosen from the present cab- 
inet. Edward Ziegler, of Bridgewater, was 
reelected president, and Miss Bernice 
Bolinger, this year's efficient vice-president, 
was elected secretary. 

It is quite evident that the Volunteers are 
seriously and earnestly facing the problems 
of readjustment, which seems to be neces- 
sary in our mission program. They are 
eager to serve, passionately in earnest with 
the work of the kingdom, willing to sacrifice, 
and are courageously grappling with the 
problems of their own organization and of 
the church. They are discovering that the 
task is far from being done ; that there are 
vast areas, geographical and social, where 
Christ is not yet known ; that there are 
depths in his love and in his plans, and in 
sharing his work, that we have scarcely 
fathomed. And is it not really inevitable 
that, as we discover more of the real 
meaning of his " abiding in us," we, Volun- 
teers and the church at large, will recon- 
secrate ourselves to the task of sharing him, 
of lifting him up? "And I, if I be lifted 
up, will draw all men unto me !" 

Edward Ziegler. 


May is the month for the time-honored 
Conference offering. It is the occasion when 
many churches take steps to insure raising 
their portion of the Conference Budget. 
This year May 6 to 13 has been set as the 
time when every member should be seen 

and the claims of the church presented. An 
offering on Sunday at the church only 
partially reaches the ideal. Seldom if ever 
are all the members present. In the Sunday 
service there is not the freedom to ask and 
answer questions. Some people need a per- 
sonal presentation and solicitation more 
than can be accomplished in a group. For 
these reasons plans are prepared by which 
solicitors should call on every member and 
secure his response. 

Many churches have never had such an 
every-member canvass, but have counted on 
raising their money by offerings. Much 
good has been done by this method, but 
always the person absent from church is 
missed. He ought to do his share, arid will 
be a better church member by so doing. 
By the every-member-canvass method the 
churches can report to Elgin the amount 
to be reasonably expected during the year, 
and then the church board can build its 
plans on this basis. 

Such a system would go a long way to- 
ward eliminating deficits. The boards 
would then know how much to expect and 
would work accordingly. Under the present 
system the Conference approves a church 
budget, but cannot promise that the churches 
will raise the amount. The boards may work 
entirely within the limits set by the Con- 
ference, but not knowing what the churches 
will do may have a heavy deficit at the 
end of the year. The situation is comparable 
to a county launching a heavy road-build- 
ing program without first having assurance 
that the necessary funds will be paid for 
its completion. 

The plan of every church seriously fac- 
ing its duty toward the general work of 
the church has been worked out with great 
thoroughness. It may need to be altered 
in minor details to suit local conditions. 
But we cannot go on in a slipshod way and 
expect success in our general church work. 
More than half of the congregations fail 
to support the church as they ought. Seri- 
ous retrenchments in missions will have an 
adverse effect on the whole church. Now 
is the time to renew our hearts with the 
Spirit of Christ and May is the date to 
find out how well we intend to support our 
general church work. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Missionary of the Future 

Secretary of the General Mission Board 

CHANGES in Christian missions is a 
subject much discussed. Questions 
are being asked about the future 
missionary, his preparation, his work, and 
if he will be actually needed. These ques- 
tions are quite natural and must be faced. 
They grow out of the very progress of the 
work. Strong Christian leaders are develop- 
ing in these mission lands — those who 
understand their people and customs better 
than we. We are discovering things in our 
church life of the West that are sometimes 
challenged by the Christian minds of the 
East, and embarrassments often arise over 
the commercial aggression and unwise ac- 
tions of our Western business interests and 
governments. Of course these things create 
problems and questions. Nothing that means 
so much as the evangelization of the world 
could be expected to be either easy or cheap. 
. Centuries have been spent on some scien- 
tific discoveries. Billions of dollars have 
been invested in creating our largest com- 
mercial enterprises. Dozens of experts are 
employed by these enterprises to study care- 
fully their products, survey markets, and 
improve their organizations for greater 
service. Many mistakes are made, but these 
are corrected and used as stepping stones 
forward. We must put this same zeal and 
spirit into our mission work. Jesus said, 
" Tarry for power," and those who give 
themselves in earnest prayer and thought 
to this greatest of all tasks given to men, 
will find the way to meet these questions 
and contribute greatly to the kingdom of 
God among men. 

The Need of Mission Work in the Future 

It is evident that the world is becoming 
more and more interrelated. With the im- 
pact of nations in their commercial ag- 
gression, more and more there must be 
those who represent the God of all nations 
to see that goodwill, righteousness, and 
truth are taught and exemplified. If sin 
and wrong continue to exploit these nations 
with dangerous political propaganda, the 
evil of obscene and perilous films, the un- 
principled brewery and tobacco interests, 

then we must not fail in the only hope and 
cure for such corrupting agencies. As long 
as newspapers are used to broadcast preju- 
dice, we must also broadcast goodwill and 

In the second place, those Christian 
leaders in mission lands are our friends, and 
the children of our faith. We must stand 
by them. They need our friendship and 
sympathetic help. They will be opposed 
and criticized. They are yet so few amid 
the millions that if we would preserve the 
work of those who gave their lives to make 
the beginning, we must not retreat now. 

Moreover, we are helped by what we 
learn in this world-wide evangelism. It was 
so in the apostolic church, even as now. 
The church at Jerusalem found out what 
the vital things in Christianity were as they 
faced the gentile world. We shall miss our 
deepest experience of the power of Chris- 
tianity for the church at home if we fail 
to propagate our faith. Love and truth 
must be shared if we shall keep them. 
Light is extinguished under a bushel. 

World-wide evangelism is an attitude more 
than a program. Every generation must be 
challenged afresh to its call and opportu- 
nity. The love of courting days will not 
answer for the years of married life. Chris- 
tianity is a perennial flower that maintains 
brotherhood as well as creates it. To give 
the nations of the world some Bibles and 
the ecclesiastical machinery of our religion 
is not enough. We must share the life of 
Christ with them continually. We have 
made only a formal acquaintance with the 
nations to which Christ bade us go. Now 
we must share an abiding friendship in 

The Kind of Missionaries Needed 

Likely the kind of missionaries needed 
now is the kind tha-t always was needed, 
only conditions make this kind more im- 
perative. As the work advances, physical 
hardships become mental, social, and spirit- 
ual trials that require great personal fitness 
and grace divine. The duties become more 
administrative, but this must be done by 


The Missionary Visitor 


putting others into the foreground, and with 
friendly cooperation. Both the spirit of the 
East, and their growing knowledge of 
Christ's teaching, prohibit any spirit of 
authoritative domination. It requires the 
spirit of a trained student, that we may both 
learn from their thought-life and customs, 
as well as to find ways and means of adapta- 
tion and solution of the many problems 
daily, and yet be true to the Lord whom 
we serve. 

Some one has given this definition of a 
successful missionary: "One who is sound 
in body, with a normal nervous system, a 
clear, resourceful mind trained in the best 
schools, a friendly personality with a genius 
for unselfish cooperation, a developed spirit- 
ual life, and the experience that Jesus 
Christ alone is the Savior of men." 

The Missionary as a Man or Woman 

The missionary should have good health. 
It helps both mental and spiritual endurance 
and efficiency. A sense of humor, seasoned 
with grace, is indispensable. The outstand- 
ing characteristic of the most successful 
missionaries we have met is their ability 
to make friends and cooperate with others 
without talking much about it. Christianity 
spreads more by radiance and winsomeness 
than by machinery and overanxiety. Com- 
mon sense, which means those graces of 
character and life not denied to the masses, 
rather than that they are always found in 
us, is most important. These include good 
judgment, open-mindedness, originality, ex- 
ecutive ability, enthusiasm, resourcefulness, 
etc. All of these are increased in value by 
training, but academic training is no assur- 
ance of them. Above all, the missionary 
must have a Christian experience and a 
satisfactory definition and exemplification 
of Christianity to clarify much erroneous 
feeling and confusion as to what it really is. 

The Training Needed 

We cannot know too much, but it is 
better to not know so much than to know 
so much that isn't true. We need the train- 
ing that makes us students that we may 
ever learn, the kind that makes nature and 
human life a constant laboratory for further 
intelligence and service, the kind that sends us 
forth to serve. We need the best that our 
colleges afford, plus an intelligent dynamic 

Christian message that sends us out in 
happy and wise evangelism, whether by the 
route of medicine, nursing, teaching, eco- 
nomic guidance, or direct evangelism, re- 
membering that occasionally the Lord has 
used very humble servants in accomplish- 
ing very large tasks, but never as a sub- 
stitute for laziness or ignorance. 

The Work That May Seem Most Needed 

Likely with the changes that are taking 
place in the progress of missions it is less 
a matter of the particular work that we 
do, and more the kind of a workman and 
Christian that we are, though this is always 
proven in the thoroughness, skill, and spirit 
of our work. With the need for better 
health and sanitation and the world-wide 
need of kindness in sickness and trouble, 
it would seem that the fields of nursing and 
medicine would give large opportunities for 
many years. Teachers who can interpret 
life and Christianity, who may sympatheti- 
cally evaluate the life of all nations, face 
with intelligent skill, courage, and sympathy, 
the high castes of India and leaders in other 
lands, can serve an increasing need. A few, 
who can helpfully place on their feet eco- 
nomically some of the multitudes in dire 
poverty, will render a great service. 

We cannot close any list of opportunities 
in work without paying a high tribute to 
those ladies who have denied themselves the 
love and comradeship of home life to serve 
in these needy fields. Their consecration 
and absence of home duties make it possible 
to sacrifice and serve in a large way. These, 
and the mothers who have builded Chris- 
tian homes, have both in their different 
spheres made contributions limitless in in- 
fluence, and will continue to do so. 

The work is not done. The changes are 
but evidences of progress challenging us 
to further help. Both at home and abroad 
we must make new attacks upon the smug 
complacency that so easily stagnates our 
faith. As the peoples of the world come 
into closer contact with each other, the task 
demands higher, wider, and deeper vision 
and preparation. An old adage says that 
" misery loves company." God forbid that 
misery and sin, selfishness and hate, should 
exceed the children of God in making 
friends for Christ and truth among the na 
tions of the world ! 


The Missionary Visitor 


Echoes and Reflections From Detroit 


Loreti Weiss is a volunteer and 
a minister, in college at La Verne, 
Calif. He represented his college 
at Detroit, when he also won first 
prize in the peace oratorical contest 
fostered by the General Welfare 
Board. He is planning to go to 
Europe this summer to the world 
Youth Peace Congress. 

THE Quadrennial Student Volunteer 
Convention at Detroit was charac- 
terized by much questioning of the 
value of existing institutions. Widely di- 
verse views were expressed, and there was 
little in the whole Christian program that 
was not subjected to critical scrutiny. 

American foreign policies received severe 
criticism. Referring to present-day nation- 
alism, Reinhold Niebuhr said, " We have 
only raised tribalism to the nth degree." A 
student leader from Iowa said, " The world 
is afraid of us, and fear leads to hate." 
Social conditions within America also re- 
ceived their share of condemnation. 

But the brighter side was touched occa- 
sionally, as when Sterling Takeuchi, a 
Japanese, suggested that the soul of Amer- 
ica was to be found by living among Amer- 
icans, rather than by spending a few days 
in San Francisco, Chicago, or New York, 
or by reading the headlines of the daily 

The political and social evils of the mis- 
sion countries received much less attention, 
though a few speakers pointed out that 
these regions also had grave need of great 
reforms as yet. Robert E. Speer insisted 
that China herself was responsible for the 
incomparably vicious labor conditions there. 
Most of the foreign delegates, though they 
condemned most severely the nationalism 
of the West, proved quite intensely national- 
istic themselves. The radical young African, 
Akintunde D!peolu, declared that "Chris- 
tianity is one of the most radical religions 

in the world ; and once it is accepted by the 
Africans, they will no longer submit to 
the assumption of Nordic supremacy." 

The religion of America likewise received 
much very unfavorable comment. Using E. 
Stanley Jones' figure of the Christ of the 
Indian road, Appadurai Aaron of India said, 
" Woe to the world if there be a Christ of 
the American road, for such a Christ would 
appear in the guise of a millionaire riding in 
a costly automobile." After speaking of 
the Negro race problem in the United States, 
Dipeolu said, " We challenge you to out- 
distance us in practically applying the prin- 
ciples of Christ." 

Americans were no less free in their 
criticism. One of Niebuhr's terse statements 
was, " At home you are a part of a religion 
that doesn't change anything, but sanctifies 
everything as it is." Margaret Crutchfield 
told how she faced the problem of helping 
a group of unpopular girls in her college 
dormitory. "All the preachers who preached 
that year, and all the Christian association 
meetings never gave me a hint on helping 
people," she said. 

On the future of missions there were 
widely varying points of view. Some few 
were disposed to discount the value of 
Christ's teachings, but the real attitude of 
the convention was expressed in the con- 
clusion of the Chinese Dr. Wei's address on 
the meaning of Christ to China. He said, 
" Christ is love, unspeakable love. Yet, in 
these last few minutes, like a fool, I have 
been trying to speak about it." 

Many, both Americans and foreigners, felt 
that the West and the East should co- 
operate in the furtherance of Christ's teach- 
ings, and that the East would likely make 
some distinctive contributions to the cause. 
A few Orientals caught at the possibility 
of Eastern superiority rather too eagerly. 
Appadurai Aaron said, " We in India have 
been able to discover Christ better than 
the West," and later asserted that the Christ 
of the Indian road was the Christ whom 
the whole world needed. 

Though in general the convention did not 
at all favor the abandonment of missions, as 

(Continued on Page 103) 


The Missionary Visitor 



Detroit and the Brethren 


Telford Blough graduated from 
Juniata last year. Always an active 
religious leader on the carr.pus, he 
is norv alumni secretary for the 

TO discover the challenge or peculiar 
message that the Detroit Student 
Volunteer Convention had for the 
Church of the Brethren is no small task. 
It is difficult to reduce to essence the mean- 
ing of a legion of addresses, conferences, 
colloquia, entertainments, teas, prayer groups, 
and personal contacts. Possibly, unity of 
purpose and purport was not predominant. 
There were differences to be viewed differ- 
ently according to one's perspective. It is 
a puzzle to me to decide whether the con- 
vention was the effect of world conditions 
or whether it was a pretaste of a cause that 
will sway the future. It is conceivable that 
it was cause and effect simultaneously. 

What impact those five days will have on 
Christian thought and activity in the next 
few years is still a matter for conjecture. 

However, the convention theme, " Making 
Chr'st Known — a Joint Responsibility," con- 
tains the germ of the missionary discussion. 
Christians the world over must join in a 
fellowship of Christian experience. Nor can 
the Church of the Brethren or any church 
or any religion successfully maintain that 
it holds a monopoly on all truth. Truth is 
hidden in unexpected places. Nor can we 
declare that only those within our own de- 
nominational fold shall inherit eternal life. 
We can learn from religions other than 
Christianity, but we dare not lose sight of 
the Christ. Above all differences he stands 
divine, the Son of God and of Man, the 
truth, the way and the life. Other religions 
have truths, dissensions, rites, and conven- 
tions, but not the Christ. He is our message. 
He comes not to destroy but to fulfill. He 
is the approach to God, the Father of all 

This conception requires that all Christians 
be living epistles. The conduct of one lay- 

Juniata Student Volunteers 


The Missionary Visitor 


man can ruin the work of a dozen mis- 
sionaries. So the challenge that comes to 
the Church of the Brethren is not primarily 
for more missionaries or more funds, but for 
better Christians who are willing to practice 
every day what they preach every Sunday. 
It is then inevitable that missionaries and 
funds will be forthcoming. Both are needed. 
But the deepest impression of the con- 
vention grieved me as much as it pleased me. 
I found that the leading Christian thinkers 
of today are swinging whole-heartedly to- 
wards the tenets of the Church of the 
Brethren. (Or are they coming to recognize 
all of the New Testament?) This new 
friendliness pleased me, but it grieved me 
to discover that the Church of the Brethren 
relinquishes her place of rightful leadership 
with hardly a murmur. We have been 
zealous guards, but we are poor dissemina- 
tors. The problem of sharing what we have 
with those who are still groping is a distinct 
challenge to the Church of the Brethren. 
As in the past, the Bible should remain her 
only creed. This avoids dissension. How- 
ever, interpretations have caused us at times 
to assume almost antagonistic relations to 
other denominations. We must cooperate. 
At least, we dare not be militant or we are 
not Christian. Evil must be overcome with 
good. Christ said that if one would find his 
life he must lose it. If the Church of the 
Brethren would find her life, she will have 
to lose it. We must emphasize Christ above 
denomination. Can we do this without com- 
promise? I think we can if our faith is 
great enough. It is a challenge. 

The Church of the Brethren has been 
persecuted for her opposition to all war. 
Her practice of nonresistance has been 
ridiculed, but today Christian statesmen de- 
clare that no war is righteous. Nonresist- 
ance is proclaimed to be the fundamental 
move to end war. Kirby Page says, " There 
are tens of thousands of Christian ministers 
and laymen who would sooner go to jail 
than participate in another war." He says 
further, " Five per cent of the ministers and 
laymen, if sufficiently intelligent and coura- 
geous, could swing the churches against war. 
My own conviction is that it can be done. 
. . . Only it will require clear thinking 
and heroic action." Will the Church of the 
Brethren answer this challenge, or will she 

rest nonchalantly with her doctrine of peace 
hid in a napkin? 

The Church of the Brethren has always 
stood for temperance, simplicity, humility 
and purity in all things. These are largely 
matters of conduct. But nevertheless they 
are not matters for compromise. Today 
the challenge begs for true disciples of these 
Christian ideals. The Church of the Breth- 
ren has always held these doctrines, but un- 
fortunately they have often degenerated into 
mere forms of sectional or individual ec- 
centricities. The spirit of the doctrines was 
rendered an empty husk. Shall we not 
vitalize these ideals? Dare we be lavish 
when money is needed to take Christ to 
our brethren? Dare we be intemperate, 
impure, and proud when the world needs 
our example of Christian life? These ques- 
tions challenge the sincerity of our belief 
in the doctrines of our church. 

Huntingdon, Pa. 


(Continued from Page 101) 

some advocated, it was almost unanimously 
agreed that the mission program of the 
future must change its outlook, its attitude, 
and its methods. Sherwood Eddy said, " I 
believe in foreign missions, for they are the 
stark need of the world today," but he urged 
that we should go teachable, eager to learn, 
welcoming the wisdom of the East. Mildred 
Welch pointed out that we could no longer 
make Christ known through our prestige in 
the Orient, but that we must go to them 
in sincerity. Hashim Hussein, a Moham- 
medan, said, " No man or woman ought to 
leave this country until he is born anew." 

Amid all these varying views and opinions 
there was voiced, especially by the more 
mature spirits of the convention, a strong 
and abiding conviction that Jesus Christ is 
the Hope of the world;. that a mission pro- 
gram in his name has a limitless future ; 
that this program must not be localized 
any longer; that it must transcend all bar- 
riers of race and group; that it must be 
the mutual enterprise of all .Christians 
everywhere fighting all evil everywhere, and 
that it must not be afraid to speak out 
clearly on political, social, and economic 
problems, even though they be international 
in their scope. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Volunteer Groups at Work 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

JUNIATA Volunteers report a steady 
growth in membership and interest on 
the part of the student body. Rev. 
Statler, pastor of the Stone church, who 
has been a source of great inspiration and 
help to all of us, best expressed this in- 
terest in these words : " There is a warmth 
of feeling on the part of the student body 
for the Volunteers and their program that 
was not here before." Our devotional meet- 
ings, which are held on Monday and Thurs- 
day evenings of each week, have an average 
attendance of about seventy. Not more 
than half of these are signed Volunteers, 
but many others come in and worship with 

Our foreign Volunteers meet each Satur- 
day evening in the home of Bro. J. M. 
Pittenger, in the missionary residence. Our 
group of foreign Volunteers has increased 
from two members to eight members. Miss 
Florence Glover, daughter of Dr. R. Glover, 
and Miss Ruth Prentice, have come to us 
from Wheaton College, bringing much spirit- 
ual enthusiasm into our group. 

Our deputation teams, which form a link 
between the college, missions, and the 
churches, have gone into several churches 
where the Volunteers have not gone before. 
Our teams visited twenty-seven churches 
during the first semester. They have a full 
schedule — from 40 to 45 churches — for the 
present semester. Everywhere the work has 
been accepted heartily by the churches. 
Rev. Lewis Knepper, the college field secre- 
tary, has been assisting in deputation work. 
The Philadelphia trip, which was led by 
Rev. Knepper, was a great inspiration and 
help to those who went, as we hope it was 
to the people of Philadelphia. 

At the present time several new prayer 
groups are being started in both the girls' 
dormitories and in the men's dormitories. 
The development of these groups is yet to 
be seen ; but there seems to be a very fav- 
orable atmosphere for their growth. We 
feel that " through Christ " much good can 
be done for Juniata students. 

L. Grace Barkman. 

McPherson, Kansas 

LAST year interest seemed to die out 
of the Student Volunteer work on the 
campus here at McPherson. There 
were also only a few student ministers left, 
and their work as an association became 
somewhat lifeless. Each organization was 
left in the hands of one person. Last fall 
these two persons, with a faculty committee 
and Dr. Schwalm, our new president, went 
to work with a vigor to work out something 
that would replace the Student Volunteers 
and the Ministerial Association as organiza- 
tions, although continuing the work they 
had been trying to do; something that 
would stimulate the interest of the students 
and take a really vital place in promoting 
spiritual life on the campus. This group 
worked quietly but diligently, studying the 
problems and trying to arrive at a solution. 
In the meantime they fostered two mission 
study classes, one of which studied Cavert's 
" The Work of the Church," under the 
direction of Dr. J. J. Yoder, while the other 
was led in a study of China by Sister Anna 
Crumpacker, who has served two terms as 
a missionary in China, and whose husband 
is there now. These classes were well at- 
tended and appreciated. 

Finally, along in November, there was a 
meeting called for all those who were in- 
terested in a " World Service Group " which 
might be organized. Some talking had been 
done concerning it, so that some of us knew 
about what to expect and went eagerly to 
the meeting. Plans were discussed and 
officers elected. About a week later Bro. 
Harlan Smith was here and spoke to the 
group and talked over the problems with 
the executive committee. Several more 
meetings followed, a committee being ap- 
pointed to prepare a constitution. This was 
soon presented and d'scussed at length. 
Then came the Detroit convention of the 
Student Volunteer Movement and several of 
our members were permitted to attend. 
Soon after they returned from the conven- 
tion our organization was completed and the 
constitution adopted* We are now meeting 
every two weeks for helpful programs, fur- 


The Missionary Visitor 


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Mount Morris Student Volunteers 

nished largely by student members of the 
group. Aside from these biweekly meetings, 
we are planning to foster study classes in 
the spring similar to those which met in 
the fall. The series, " Christian Voices 
Around the World," will probably be 
studied. We recently put on the drive for 
evangelism in India and raised a goodly 
sum, although we wish that it might have 
been more. The interest in the group has 
been quite good, and we are expecting that 
this interest will become larger and larger 
as our work manifests itself to the student 
body. We expect quietly to exert an in- 
fluence on the campus that will stimulate 
interest in spiritual things from an individ- 
ual and from a world-wide point of view. 
Our aim is to promote Christian thinking 
and acting on the campus, stimulate an 
interest in the distinctive Christian voca- 
tions, as well as a determination to make 
Christ first in all vocations, and to promote 
the kingdom of Christ throughout the 
world, attempting to think and act in world 
terms, as our Lord, the Lord of all men, 
would have us do. In short, it is our pur- 
pose to make the will of God effective in 
the lives of ourselves and all men every- 

Lawrence E. Lehman. 

Mt. Morris, Illinois 

THIS year the Student Volunteer 
Group of Mt. Morris College has 
tried to help those who have not 
decided upon their life work and to give 
to them a vision of the whole world and its 
needs. We emphasize the " Jesus way of 
living " as the only way to service and 

It is said, "As we live in college, we will 
live out of college," and we have tried to 
realize the importance of service to others, 
while here. 

In our bimonthly programs this year we 
made a study of the needs in the higher 
religious types of service and discussed 
" Jesus and my life work." One talk given 
showed us the importance of personal work. 
A number of talks were given concerning 
the work of those who were in definite 
Christian service last summer. 

Before Christmas we studied the " Rain- 
bow or International Series " as a prepara- 
tion for the Quadrennial Conference held at 
Detroit. Prof. Miller and four of the stu- 
dents attended this conference and have 
been giving reports and leading discussions 
in the Volunteer programs. 


The Missionary Visitor 





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Bridgewater Student Volunteers 

In order that we might get in touch with 
those students interested in doing Christian 
service, we had the freshmen fill out ques- 
tionnaires at the beginning of the school 
year. Fifty per cent of the new students 
did not express themselves as being inter- 
ested in Christian service ; one was inter- 
ested in foreign missions and has definitely 
decided to become a foreign missionary. 
This was a challenge to us, and we have 
tried to present our purpose and create an 
interest in our great work. 

A deputation team composed of Merle 
Hawbecker, Lyle Wheeler, Paul Weaver, 
Russel Weller, and Prof. Stover represented 
our group in the churches of Southern 
Illinois during Thanksgiving vacation. We 
want to send a girls' deputation team out 
this spring. 

We have a personal workers' prayer group 
which meets every Wednesday evening. It 
is the purpose of this group to pray for 
those students and talk personally to those 
students who are not Christians and those 
who seem indifferent in their relation to 

We feel that the Volunteer Group fills 
a specific place on our campus, and that 
it is helping us reach the victorious life. 

Bridgewater, Virginia 

WE have in our group at Bridgewater 
this year about thirty students, 
most of whom are planning for 
home work. However, we are proud that 
we have three who are planning definitely 
for the foreign field. 

The Volunteers at Bridgewater College 
take a great deal of interest in deputation 
work. We lead the State in this line of 
endeavor. We have already given thirty- 
five programs this year and we hope to 
give about twenty-five more, making a total 
of about sixty programs. It was decided 
that we would have our meetings here on 
-the campus only bimonthly this spring, since 
there are so many religious organizations 
on our campus. In these meetings we have 
several types of programs. We take up the 
things that we think will help us most in 
meeting the problems of life and make us 
more consecrated for the work of the 

We have in the Volunteer group some of 
the outstanding students and leaders of the 
college. Edward Ziegler, who is president 
of our local group, is also president of the 
United Student Volunteers for this year 
and traveling secretary for the coming 


The Missionary Visitor 


year. It was through the work of our 
Volunteers that we were able to have the 
State Student Volunteer Convention at our 
college this year. It proved to be a source 
of inspiration and a' great help to all of us. 
Raymond Peters. 

La Verne, California 

THE La Verne College group consists 
of about twenty-two full-fledged 
members, the majority of whom are 
planning for definite home service. In 
addition to these members, there is quite 
a number of students who are interested in 
the movement. The meetings, which are 
held every Wednesday night, are used 
mainly for the discussion of problems of 
interest. One of the studies which are being 
followed is Cavert's book, " The Adventure 
of the Church." These discussion gather- 
ings are open to the entire student body. 
Besides individual work, the group is in- 
terested in practical work among the Mex- 
ican people, and has organized prayer 
bands to conduct services in some of their 

During the Bible Institute session, a beau- 
tiful and inspiring pageant, " The Call of 
the Church," taken from the International 
Tournal of Religious Education, was pro- 
duced under the auspices of the student 

The deputation team this year consists of 
Mary Piatt, Anna Emmert, Melvin Roth- 
rock, Joe Davis, George Berg, and Zafon 
Hartman. They made a trip as far north 
as Chico, Calif., as far south as San Diego, 
and as far east as Phoenix, Ariz., giving 
programs in the different churches. The 
distance covered was over three thousand 
miles. Up to this time eighteen missionary 
programs have been given and three more 
will have been given by the time this is 

The college's one representative to the 
Quadrennial Conference at Detroit — Lorell 
Weiss — is a member of the Volunteer Band 
and the winner of the oratorical contest. 
La Verne sent several delegates to the 
Southern California United Student Volun- 
teer Conference at the University of South- 
ern California. This spring, from April 20 

to 22, the conference will be held here at 
La Verne. The group is eagerly looking 
forward to this event. 

North Manchester, Indiana 

A STUDENT organization functioning 
with the right purpose in view fills 
a very distinct need on the college 
campus. One of these needs today is for 
an organization or organizations to aid in 
the development of the spiritual life of the 
student and to promote the principles of 
Jesus Christ within the student life on the 

With such a purpose in view we have 
tried to promote our organization on our 
campus at Manchester. With a Religious 
Activities Committee, composed of faculty 
members and working in cooperation with 
the chairmen of the religious organizations 
and Student Government, many worth-while 
activities have been introduced on our 
campus. This group has cooperated in 
putting on financial campaigns for mis- 
sionary and other worth-while causes. They 
have brought many inspirational " big men " 
to our campus, such as, Dad Eliot, Sherwood 
Eddy, Dr. C. C. Ellis, Dr. Kurtz, Dr. San- 
ford, and others. Considerable evangelistic 
work has been done. Doctors and nurses 
have been brought to give needed instruc- 
tion relative to the care of our physical life. 
Through the cooperative efforts of this 
group we were able to send a large number 
of people to the quadrennial convention at 

Much definite work has been done by 
the Volunteer organization itself. Twenty- 
five missionary programs have been given 
by deputation teams. Home visitation and 
Thursday morning prayer meetings are both 
sponsored by the Volunteers. 

Our group gave a missionary play, "The 
Color Line," at our State Student Volunteer 
Convention at Franklin College. Mention 
should be made of our meetings, which are 
held every two weeks. The Foreign Volun- 
teers are meeting for discussion of their 
particular problems each week, that the 
entire group does not meet. 

Gorman Zook. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Bethany Volunteers 


THE primary aim of the Volunteer 
organization is the making of mis- 
sionaries. In realizing this objective 
the appeal is made to those who have not 
yet chosen their life work, as well as to 
those who have decided definitely to enter 
the field of Christian service. First of all 
there must be presented a vision of the 
world's needs and in connection with this, 
there should be created a desire to meet 
those needs. According to these principles, 
the Bethany Volunteers have planned their 
year's program. 

Bethany is unusually benefited by having 
a large number of missionaries living on the 
campus each year, as well as by having 
occasional visits from others. There are 
also some in the student group who have 
been engaged in home missionary work in 
mountain or isolated districts and in the 
various churches. These workers who give 
of their enthusiasm and first-hand experi- 
ences add much in meeting the objective of 
the group. Programs of an educational and 
inspirational nature are given bimonthly. 
One particular feature in showing the need 
of mission work was the presentation of the 
play, " The Color Line," at the First Church 
of .the Brethren in Chicago. 

As a further manifestation of missionary 
interest, the students contributed to the fund 
for the evangelistic work in India. This 

project was sponsored by the Volunteers. 
In addition to this, financial aid was given 
to home missions by contributions made at 
programs carried out by deputation teams. 
Twenty-four churches in Iowa and Indiana 
were visited before Christmas. Other teams 
will be sent out later to present the needs 
to other churches. 

Financial aid is essential for the propaga- 
tion of missions, but it is not the only nor 
the greatest means of promoting growth. 
Each Tuesday evening the foreign Volun- 
teers meet for a half 'hour of intercessory 
prayer. The ministry of prayer functions 
here in the solving of definite problems, and 
our missionaries individually and generally 
are remembered. 

The city of Chicago is a world mission 
field of itself, having almost every type of 
people and a need for all kinds of religious 
work. The Volunteers engage in this work 
and are thus permitted to apply at once 
many of the principles learned in the class- 
room as well as doing real bits of service. 
A majority of the Volunteers look forward 
to doing full- or part-time Christian work 
during the summer vacation. Some will 
become summer pastors and others will 
engage in D. V. B. S. work. It is well for 
each Volunteer to do Christian service as 
much as possible along with his preparation, 
that the need may be ever before him and 
that his vision may continually grow. 

Ruth Glessner. 


The Missionary Visitor 

Notes From Our Fields 



Pastor Li 
Most of our members are engaged in 
Shansi government service, and often are 
unable to attend church services regularly. 
Generally speaking, we have more than 
thirty present at our service every Sunday. 

On account of the present conditions 
being so bad, the women evangelists have 
been unable to carry out some of their plans. 
However, Mrs. Chang and Mrs. Tan visit 
the families that are interested in Christian- 
ity, make friends with them and invite them 
to Church. 

I am glad to say that Messrs. Chang, 

Wang, and Tan are doing voluntary work 

in the boys' night school. 


Liao Chow for the Last Quarter of 1927 

Chang Tzu Hsiu 

Women's Bible School 

There were seven pupils during the past 
term and the wives of the chief of police 
and the sheriff are among this number. All 
passed the examinations well. When the 
teachers were not busy in school they visited 
the villages and were welcomed by the vil- 
lage people. 


Men's Evangelistic Department 

In November a conference was held for 
over thirty of those of responsibility in 
the church. Rev. Crumpacker was the 
leader. The sessions each day opened at 
eight A. M. and closed at nine, and at four 
P. M. and closed at five. This was necessary, 
as all were busy during the other hours of 
the day. 

Mr. Crumpacker, the one who opened up 
the work of the mission, is a well-known 
and well-eduated man of years and of high 
standards. He gave his message with 
dignity, yet at times using humorous illus- 
trations, and his hearers were greatly im- 
pressed and pleased by them. The " retreat " 
was very helpful because God was in our 


Sunday, Nov. 6, Rev. Crumpacker led the 
morning service. In the evening from four 
o'clock to seven, the love feast was held. A 
written invitation, giving order of the meet- 
ing, was sent to each church member, in- 
viting him or her to attend the love feast. 
Rev. Crumpacker officiated at the service 
of feet-washing and giving of communion. 
Altogether over eighty communed. I, the 

writer (Mr. Chang Tzu Hsiu), had never 
seen the service of feet-washing, but now 
I have observed this service and received 
benefit from it, and learned of more of the 
hidden meaning of our Lord. However, I 
think it is a difficult service for the Chinese 
women, who have bound feet. 

From Nov. 7 to the 17th members from 
Liao-chow, Ho-shun, Yu-she, Ma-tien, Wu- 
hsiang, altogether seventeen or eighteen, 
entered a Bible class held in the Liao-chow 
church. The teachers were from the evan- 
gelistic and boys' and girls' schools. At the 
close of each day's session the class was 
taken to visit some department of the mis- 
sion work. The class members expressed 
themselves as having received much benefit 
and it was the first they had heard of or 
seen the mission buildings. 

Two days before Christmas invitations 
were sent to the county magistrate to each 
department of the mission, and to the gov- 
ernment schools. A poster was pasted on 
the wall, giving the subject of an afternoon 
lecture, " Christ's Value to the World," in- 
viting farmers, laborers, merchants, students 
and soldiers to come. This meeting was 
held at two o'clock in the afternoon. All 
those who had received invitations came at 
the hour set. Songs were rendered by the 
boys' and girls' schools and the lecture was 
given by Mr: Tsai Yu. A victrola and a 
local city orchestra also furnished music and 
the church was crowded with the visitors. 

The Chin-chow district lacks a shepherd. 
The work is large but the workers are few. 
I, the writer (Mr. Chang), because of this 
lack have asked that the budget for 1929 
be increased five hundred dollars, in order 
to invite an evangelist to care for this work. 
The request for the increased budget has 
passed both the Hsieh Li Hui and the Chin 
Hsing Wei Ban. As yet there has been no 
one invited to fill this place. However, in 
the course of two or three years I am sure 
the work in Chin-chow will be equal to that 
of Pingting or Liao-chow. 

Medical Department 

During the months of September and 
October it was felt necessary that the doctor 
from Liao-chow (T. H. Wang) leave his 
work in the care of the nurses and go to 
Ping-ting to care for the work there, as 
Dr. Hsu Wen Ch'i could not return unes- 
corted through the military lines from Pek- 
ing. Altogether he spent over a month in 
the Ping-Ting hospital. Mr. Jung Le Ting, 
graduate nurse, went to Ping-Ting to assist 
in the nurses' examinations. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Dr. Hsu of Ping-Ting spent a few days 
visiting and assisting in the hospital. He 
came in a response to a telegram to bring 
us tetanus vaccine. (The patient recovered.) 
Orders for drugs, including much-needed 
vaccines, have been unable to reach us dur- 
ing the past three months, because of the 
railroad conditions. 

Christmas was observed in the hospital on 
Christmas Day by a short program in the 
evening. " The Prodigal Son " was acted 
out for the benefit of ambulatory patients 
and hospital employees. A little treat of 
candy and nuts and special food was pro- 
vided for each patient and servant. 


Boys* School 

The fifty boys in school this term are full 
of activity and diligent in their studies. 

Besides the regular routine of the school 
the students have been greatly interested in 
the following organizations and classes: 
Debating Society, Bible class, Y. M. C. A., 
the Gospel Team work, which goes out on 
Sunday afternoons, and Self-Government of 
the school, in which the students look after 
their own sick, in so far as they are able, 
special diets added to their regular menu, 
settling of quarrels among themselves, etc. 

Proofs of the interest in our school are 
:shown by the frequent visits we have had 
from the county magistrate and school in- 
spector, and through their words of appre- 
ciation for work the school is doing. Friend- 
ly relationships with the teachers of the 
:government schools are manifested by their 
willingness to come with their orchestra and 
furnish music at various programs. The 
common people are also showing an added 
interest by more frequent visits than for- 


General News 

T. H. Wang 
Although we are located in the much- 
disturbed province of Shansi, our own loca- 
tion is one of peace. Before the close of 
1925 the people in general, as well as our- 
selves, were much alarmed at the appearance 
of a soldier or soldiers, but nOw they pass 
through, going and coming so frequently 
from one place to another, that it has be- 
come a common matter for all of us and 
little attention is paid to it. 

We have much pity for the common peo- 
ple, however, because of the soldiers passing 
through, for each time it occasions the com- 
mandeering of their animals. Often their 
animals are disabled or die, and the owners 

or drivers suffer a great deal because of 
insufficient clothing and irregularity in eat- 
ing, due to haste made in preparation for 
travel and in traveling. 

Shou Yang, January 

Minneva J. Neher 

We are in the midst of the Chinese New 
Year festivities, coming twenty-three days 
after ours. Every one is out in new clothes, 
the children and the younger women in the 
gayest colors. The shops are all closed for 
about five days, and everyone is on holiday, 
feasting and visiting his friends, kith and 
kin. The little tots get a. lot of fun and joy 
going from house to house of their friends 
and relatives, for every bow which they 
give to their elders in wishing them a Happy 
New Year means a handful of nuts, sweets, 
or coins. Before long their little pockets 
are fairly bulging. The little tots of the 
Christians or others connected with the 
mission, such as the kindergartners, on the 
first two days of the New Year came in to 
wish the missionaries a " Happy New Year." 
We enjoyed it almost as much as they did, 
and our California raisins made a happy 
addition to their already bulging pockets. 
One belated visitor, a little kindergartner, 
appeared yesterday at the hall window, and 
after making an unsuccessful effort to get 
the door opened called to the writer, as she 
by chance passed through the hall. " Teach- 
er, I want to give you ' k'o t'ou ' " (a bow 
in which the head is bumped on the ground). 
The door was opened and the little visitor 
gave his " k'o t'ou." The writer, knowing 
his family to be very poor, sent him on his 
way happily jingling coppers in his pocket 
instead of raisins. Not only do the children 
go from house to house visiting and carry- 
ing wishes for the New Year, their elders 
also either send cards conveying their greet- 
ings or go in person. This year Sister Ulery 
and the writer also caught the spirit, and 
with several of the Christian women spent 
the better part of the first and second days 
of the New Year going to the various Chris- 
tians' homes or other homes interested in 
the mission. Everywhere we went we were 
given tea, nuts and sweets. We had a most 
happy fellowship with all the folks, and felt 
one with them in the " going over of the 
year," as they say it. The days following 
New Year's day have been celebrated here 
in our little Christian group with much 
feasting. With the exception of one day 
there has been a " dinner party " every day 
since New Year's day. Every home seems 
to be taking advantage of this season to 
invite guests. At this time every home eats 
special food. It would not be New Year's 
without this any more than it would be 
Thanksgiving without turkey or Christmas 
without mince pie. 


The "passing over of the year" has been 


The Missionary Visitor 


hard for many of our Shou-yang people, and 
likely for most of the Shansi people this 
year. Bills which have been accumulating 
all through the year must be paid at the end 
of the year if a man is to " keep f ace " in the 
community. The demands of the military on 
the none too full purses of the people have 
made this year especially hard. Then, too, 
the impossibility of moving merchandise has 
accentuated the situation greatly. Several 
of our local stores went bankrupt for this 
reason. Local products are very cheap, and 
anything which ordinarily comes in from the 
coast cities is very high in price. Coal oil 
is a good example of this, as it sells now for 
practically $5 per five gallon tin. It is not 
to be wondered that many folks found it 
difficult to pay their bills at the end of the 

year - * 

The closing of the school for vacation was 
marked with a bit of unusual excitement. 
The general educational committee, at the 
recommendation of the executive committee 
here, had asked the principal of the school 
to resign at the close of this term. When 
this became known to the teachers and 
students, they at once took steps to try to 
keep their principal. The students have 
threatened to not come back to school unless 
the principal is allowed to hold his position. 
The question seemed about to split our little 
church here into two distinct factions. But 
through the earnest and prayerful efforts of 
several of the Christians, who have worked 
most untiringly and faithfully to prevent 
harm being done to the work — harm which 
might require years to overcome — both sides 
seem agreed now that the principal shall be 
allowed to hold his position until the end 
of the school year if the general educational 
committee consents. Letters of petition 
from the students, from the teachers, the 
local Christians, and from the local execu- 
tive committee are being sent to the general 
committee, asking them to reconsider the 
matter. This cloud has hung pretty heavy 
over us all this month, but there have been 
some rifts, which have made us most thank- 
ful to our heavenly Father. We have gotten 
glimpses into depths of devotion and faith 
in prayer that has warmed our hearts. It 
is in experiences like we have been passing 
through here that the real gold or dross of 
personality shows forth. Much time has 
been spent in prayer. One of the Christians, 
who felt so concerned about the situation, 
sought the solitude of an empty, fireless 
room in his court after his family had re- 
tired, that he might pray. Another spent the 
whole morning in prayer. As a result of 
this situation a little prayer meeting has 
been started, which is meeting every evening 
to pray for our church here. Will you also 
join these faithful ones in prayer, that old 
grudges and prejudices may be . forgiven 
and forgotten. 

Ahwa. — December- January 

Bertha L. Butterbaugh 
The boarding school children put on a 
creditable program Christmas night. Some 
of our government friends were present; 
also some of the Hindu shopkeepers. 


A Christmas community tea was given 
to our Christian community. Two hundred 
and fifty were served and a pleasant social 
time was spent together. 

New Year's eve a splendid watch service 
was held in the church. Music, talks and 
prayer featured the meeting. The old year 
passes out the same here as it does in 


Jan. 12 Dr. Raymond Cottrell was here 
and examined the boarding-school children. 
He found them in much better condition 
than he had expected to. He also examined 
the teaching staff. Some of the masters 
were disappointed that he did not find any- 
thing physically wrong with them. 

Nine boys were baptized Jan. 1, having 
been in a class of special instruction during 
the month of December. Two new village 
boys come into the boarding this month and 
one former boy has returned. 

' Owing to the serious illness of Mrs. Garner 
this winter, Mr. Garner has been able to 
spend only a short time in District work. 
We miss Mrs. Garner very much in the 
work here. She is slowly regaining her 
strength at the Bulsar medical bungalow. 
Mr. Garner leaves for Bulsar soon to take 
over the treasury work of L. A. Blicken- 
staff, who is going home on his furlough. 

We have been here at Ahwa only a short 
time, but the vastness of the field seems 
larger each month. Oh, for more trained 
native workers ! The simple faith and love 
of Christ can alone win these people. We 
find that our approach of simple helpfulness 
and unselfish love toward them always 
awakens the best in them. The enemy 
forces are on the job here and are urging 
these simple Dangi Christians to take the 
pathway back to their old superstitions and 
idol worship. There is a great responsibility 
here and we feel the urge of it. 



Anna E. Lichty 

In the month of November the Vali- 
Umalla mission staff was increased by the 
coming of Bro. A. S. B. Miller and family 
(Continued on Page 128) 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Editor Invites Helpful Contributions for This Department of the Visitor 

Missionary News 

Air Mail Carries Mission Money 

The treasurer of the Pasadena (Calif.) 
church sent $653.90 by air mail. It left 
Pasadena February 27, with his expressed 
hope that it would reach Elgin in time to 
be credited on the old year, which it did. 

Feb. 29 in the Treasurer's Office 

The last day of the fiscal year, February 
29, was an exceedingly busy day in the 
mission treasurer's office. Churches are 
noticeably becoming more familiar with the 
fact that the year closes the end of Febru- 
ary, and many rush in their offerings to 
reach Elgin in time to count on the old 
year. The receipts for the last day were 
slightly under $12,000. 

C. M. Culp. 

Sister Garber Joins Her Husband 

On Feb. 17 Sister Jacob Garber, Green- 
mount congregation, Northern District of 
Virginia, passed to the other shore to join 
lier husband. In the new set of missionary 
slides entitled, " The Missionary Character 
of Christianity," a slide is shown of Bro. 
( Garber astride his horse and Sister Garber 
standing by his side, bidding him farewell 
as he goes out on a home mission journey. 
It happened that this set of slides was 
shown Bro. John M. Roller at the Green- 
mount church on Sunday night prior to 
Sister Garber's death. Bro. Miller, who 
preached her funeral, referred to the picture, 
stating that it would be shown all over the 
Brotherhood as a testimony of her devotion 
to the Lord's work and to the work to 
which her husband gave his life. 

Sorry for Those in Humdrum of Civilization 

Sister B. Mary Royer, missionary to India from 
the Richland congregation, Eastern Pennsylvania, 

of the Church of the Brethren, writes of her work 
abroad, in the following paragraphs. Sister Royer 
went to India in 1913, and is now returning to the 
United States on her second furlough: 

" I almost feel sorry for you folks who 
are in the humdrum of civilization every 
day of your lives. I believe you would agree 
with me if you could have a few days in a 
quiet, inspiring jungle like this. Just back 
of our camp are a few acres covered with 
straight, tall trees that tower towards the 
sky like cathedral spires. A perfect place 
for a quiet hour. 

" My Bible woman, who has been my 
companion in the work for ten years, and 
three of our former schoolgirls are with 
me. These girls have not been able to go 
on to training of any sort, as books go. 
For more than a year they have been making 
their own living by doing the laundry work 
for our family of Miss Sahibs and the hos- 
pital. Two of them are from this section 
and I brought them along to give them a 
vision of the condition and needs of their 
own people. Very often a little knowledge 
puffeth up, as is the case with a few of our 
girls who haven't even finished the grades. 
But I am so thankful that the attitude of 
these girls towards the village people is not 
that. There is no doubt about their getting 
the vision. They take turns going to the 
villages with the Bible woman and me, and 
I believe some day they will be useful 
women in this needy place. 

" Another important member of our party 
is a little chocolate drop thirteen months 
old. She came to us about a year ago. Her 
mother died, and her folks brought her be- 
cause she was half starved. She was cared 
for in the hospital for awhile. During the 
rainy season my Bible woman cared for 
her. When touring season came it was 
hard to part with her, so we brought her 
along. She is extra work, of course, but 


The Missionary Visitor 


she is also an asset to the work. She is a 
good example of what good care and en- 
vironment can do for these backward chil- 
dren. When the village people admire her 
and make remarks about her cute little per- 
formances we tell them, ' She is one of your 
own kind ' — their own particular caste, which 
means a lot to them." 

Busy, but Not Loud 

General Mission Board — Greeting: 

Lest you think we are not giving the 
missionary literature you send us the atten- 
tion it should have, we beg leave to inform 
you that we have been doing all that we 
can to keep before the church the work 
of the Board, with the view of getting them 
interested as much as possible. Personally. 
we feel that when a church ceases to be 
interested in misisonary work it most cer- 
tainly is falling far short of its mission in 
the world and is on the decline. 

We have no organized Y. P. D., because 
of some objections by a few, but we have 
been working, nevertheless. We gave to 
the children last spring $2.20 to invest and 
they brought in $26.80. We expect to work 
same way this year. 

A Sister in Maryland. 

A Heart Passionate for the Kingdom 

Dear Brethren of the Mission Board : 

As I read in the Messenger and Visitor 
of our great need it sure gives me a 
heartache, and I wonder what God thinks 
of us, anyway. I wouldn't be surprised, if 
he will spew some of us out. I wonder if 
we don't give just as much as we love 
Jesus and one another. I, for one, am so 
anxious for others to find Jesus in all his, 
fullness and glory as I have found him. I 
am in prayer so much that we all let our 
lights shine and love each other, that the 
world may know we are God's children. 

May God give our dear pastors wisdom 
to stir us up to our duty of giving, and not 
let God's work lag, is my prayer. God 
bless you, brethren, and the church and his 
people all over the world. 
In His name, 

A Sister in Nebraska. 

Enthusiasm for Missions 
The Circulation Man gets to see some of 
the interesting communications that come to 
the editor's desk. When he read the card 
of the good old sister who sent in five 
dollars for missions, and asked whether she 
was entitled to the Visitor for a year, he 
remarked, " The hope and support of the 
church must come from those who love the 
Lord, who love the church, and who love 
souls. These people will be found among 
the subscribers to our church publications. 
Would that we had twenty-five thousand 
subscribers to the Missionary Visitor!" 

Testimonial for New Missionary Slides 

The new set of slides for the lecture 

entitled, " The Missionary Character of 

Christianity," was shown at our church 

recently. They are fine. I think they will 

be helpful in getting people interested in 

church work. 

Mrs. J. C. Myers. 

Note.— Slides with lecture may be rented for $2, 
from the General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 

Stewardship Testimony 

It was only $5 we received the other day 
from a sister in Missouri, but her testimony 
on tithing, quoted as follows, was a gem : 
" Have been a tither since the first of the 
year, and such joy that has been in my soul 
since I have been a tither I can't express. 
Wish every one could be a tither, and they 
could if they would." 

Testimony for the Play, " Jeva Helps 
His People" 

I like it very much. In fact, I believe it 
is much above the average missionary play- 
let. I want the Lanark B. Y. P. D. to get 
acquainted with it and present it in the near 

Forest S. Eisenbise. 

Note. — This play may be secured for 25c from the 
General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 

Missionary Review of the World 
Special Offer 

The Missionary Review of the World is 
a monthly interdenominational and interna- 
tional journal of missions. It is interesting, 
informing, well written by the ablest writers 


The Missionary Visitor 


and illustrated with maps and pictures. 

The regular price is $2.50, but through the 
generosity of a friend of missions the Re- 
view may be secured for new subscribers 
at $1. We extend this proposition to minis- 
ters, members of missionary committees and 
such others who, by virtue of their work, 
have a vital connection with mission work. 

Send cash in advance to General Mission 
Board, Elgin, 111. 


(The following extract is from a personal letter 
to Brother C. D. Bonsack.) 

Dahanu Road, Thana Dist., India, 

Jan. 1, 1928. 

My dear Cousin Charles : 

I am very happy to be living here at 
Dahanu. I am glad for the opportunity of 
becoming better acquainted with my fellow 
missionaries here and think they are mighty 
fine folks. I feel that the Lord has been 
wonderfully kind in sending me to a place 
like this. May I be faithful to him. 

We had a very happy Christmas here at 
Dahanu. On Christmas Eve the church gave 
a program over at the school. There were 
many visitors who had never been to any 
of our services. Among these were Parsees, 
Brahmans, and a number of people from the 
lower castes. The princess of the Jewhar 
State, her nurse, and the state doctor also 
came, as her baby was in the hospital at 
that time. Her father, the king, had been 
brought here in a very critical condition 
some time before, and died that same day, 
in our " Family Line." 

The folks seemed very appreciative of 
what was done for him here, and in the 
write-up in the paper about his death Dr. 
Nickey was commended very highly for 
what she had done for him. We were glad 
for these contacts, and are hoping that it 
will help to pave the way for the Gospel 
to be taken into Jewhar State. These peo- 
ple gave a donation of two hundred rupees 
(about $60) to the hospital, for which we 
are very thankful. The folks here tell me 
that our missionaries were not allowed to 
go into that state some years ago. 

We are eagerly looking forward to Bro. 
Winger's visit here. 

Praying the Lord's richest blessings upon 

you all, and his divine guidance in the 
many problems which you have to face in 
planning for us missionary folks, I am, 
Sincerely yours, 

Ethel A. Roop. 


The following report shows the congrega- 
tions in which the 1928 missionary projects 
have been started. The figures show the 
number of persons (reported by March 13) 
taking up the Junior Church League work 
or the Young People's work as listed under 
the J. C. L. and B. Y. P. D. headings. 

Congregation J. C. L. B. Y. P. D. 

Northern California 

Empire 24 

Laton 10 

Lindsay 125 

Eastern Colorado 

Rocky Ford 42 


Nampa 30 

Northern Illinois 

Bethel 60 

Chicago SO 

Elgin 20 

Franklin Grove 25 

Rockford 20 

Southern Illinois 

Allison Prairie 26 

Okaw 60 

Virden 30 26 

Middle Indiana 

Flora 27 

Northern Indiana 

Bethany 25 

Cedar Lake 10 

Elkhart 30 35 

Rock Run 48 

Goshen 65 

Middle Iowa 

Beaver 30 

Dallas Center 40 

Panther Creek 40 

Southern Iowa 

Council Bluffs 10 10 

Liberty ville $7 

Northeastern Kansas 

Morrill 30 

Ottawa 15 

Southwestern Kansas 

Conway Springs 15 

Wichita West 6 

Eastern Maryland 

Frederick 20 

Monocacy 21 

Sams Creek 10 


Battle Creek 20 

Pontiac 20 

Northeastern Ohio 

Center 10 

Freeburg 28 

Southern Ohio 

Eaton 15 

Georgetown 10 

New Carlisle 40 


Newberg 16 

Eastern Pennsylvania 


Spring Creek 36 

(Continued on Page 128) 


The Missionary Visitor 




ft Cft? ©omnt b (Department g 



Conducted by Nora M. Rhodes 


Making Missions Vital 


Missionary to India 

IT has been interesting to note the pulse 
of different churches regarding our 
mission program. Many feel that the 
expense needed to carry on foreign missions 
is too great, so they do nothing at all. 
Others feel that there is enough to do at 
home, and so cast their donation entirely 
to the home field. Such a decision will not 
give them a world vision, for where you 
place your funds you will put your thoughts 
and interests. Recently I talked with a 
young man of another faith. He said, " I 
have been giving to the support of my pas- 
tor and to local churches. I help the poor 
through my business, but not as yet have 
I given a cent to foreign missions." He 
does not realize what a few dollars sent 
across the water would mean to him, to 
help him have a real sympathy for and 
interest in his brother over there. 

Then, too, our interest in others depends 
much on how well we are informed about 
them and their needs. Mission study af- 
fords a fine means of helping folks under- 
stand the other half of the globe. In this 
age of advancement we should not need 
to ask the question, " Am I my brother's 

It is noticeable, in many places, the way 
emphasis is put on the part of the children 
of the primary, junior, and intermediate 
grades for special study of the mission 
projects. This is right and as it should be. 
It is the time to start an interest in missions. 
The young people may find just as much 
and more lasting interest in reading such- 
thrilling books as " How I Know God An- 
swers Prayer," by Mrs. Goforth, for thirty 
years a missionary to China, as in poring 
over pages of recent fiction, or attending 

the movies. In other words, the great work 
of the church, Missions, should be vital in 
every department of the church. 

One feels quite at home in a missionary 
society. We hear of women's missionary 
societies. I have never heard of a man's 
missionary society. Don't we have them, 
or are we to consider the mission-study 
business only a woman's business? I was 
present recently in a church where there is 
a live missionary society. This is fine for 
our people and they did well. We ought 
to have them by the hundreds. A wonder- 
ful interest exists in this band of sisters. 
There were forty-eight present and their 
offering amounted to eight dollars. If every 
church had a missionary society, no matter 
how small, and each one took up an offering, 
our mission treasury would have a balance 
instead of a deficit. 

I submit the organization among the 
women as I saw it at work. It may be 
worth much to those who are interested. 
The Aid Society was composed of those who 
chose to take part in the activities that 
. belong to such a society, as quilting, sewing, 
and serving meals. The younger married 
women preferred other sewing and fancy 
work. Still another division is the Mis- 
sionary Society. All these divisions meet 
regularly. A member of one division is not 
barred from being a member of any other 
division. Joint meetings are held occa- 
sionally, to the benefit of all. Nothing is 
more effective than a band of people work- 
ing in harmony for one good and great 
cause. ^ ^ 

Should we spend less for righteousness 
than for fudge, fun, and fashion? How 
much per week is that? 


The Missionary Visitor 



Synopsis of Chapters 3 and 4. 

Devotions — Genesis 12: 1-3; 15: 5; 22: 

Give thanks for the vision, courage, and 
faithfulness of those who in the early days 
of our land determined that it should be 
won for Christ. Give thanks for what they 
made possible for us and pray that we may 
help to bring God's will to pass in our land. 

Map Helps — Chapter 3 — Bringing the 
Cross to the New World. The most im- 
portant of the great journeys of exploration 
should be traced; the centers of Spanish, 
Portuguese, and French mission work in- 
dicated with names of leading missionaries. 
A number of greatest religious migrations 
to North America should be traced and 
regions indicated where Pilgrims, Dutch 
Reformed, Anglican, and other religious 
groups planted their churches. Locate John 
Eliot's work. 

Chapter 4 — The Winning of America. 

Trace such great missionary journeys as 
those of Lee and Whitman, or the company 
that went by chartered ship around Cape 
Horn and via the Hawaiian Islands. Many 
points of home mission interest should be 


Our society consists of a group of Chris- 
tian women who are striving to do their 
part in bringing about God's great kingdom. 

We meet each fourth Monday evening in 
the home of one of our members. Here we 
discuss our problems, which are rather nu- 
merous in a large city. Just now we are 
doing some work among the boys of the 
Parental School. These boys have been 
taken here because of some crime they 
have committed against the school author- 

They are here from three to six months 
and are given a very fine training in disci- 
pline, as well as in taking care of their 
room and clothes. In the summer they are 
given a garden to attend. They also do 
some farming. What boy would not like 
such a clean, orderly, busy place to live? 
For this reason some want to stay, and some 

mothers think they may stay, for they are 
well taken care of. These mothers need 
some one to help them to realize their re- 
sponsibility as a mother. This our women 
are trying to do. They go into their homes 
and get them in touch with the closest 
Sunday-school. Besides going into these 
homes we also try to visit the homes of 
newly-resident people who have no church 
home, or new members who need to be made 
to feel welcome at our Sunday-school and 

There is also a class who are so lonely, 
for no one can be so lonely as a stranger 
in a large city without a friend. These are 
found in our community and we try to be 
a friend to them. There are nominal Chris- 
tians who need to know more about our 
Savior; there are those who are indifferent 
— perhaps church members of our own num- 
ber — who need to have folks visit them. 
Mrs. Earl A. Landes, Oak Park, 111. 




"Now I beseech you . . . that ye 
strive together with me in your prayers to 
God for me." 

10 — Nettie Senger, China. 

31— Mrs. Elizabeth Oberholtzer. 
Pray for Our Missionaries 

EASTER, 1928 

" And it came to pass that, while they 
communed together and reasoned, Jesus 
himself drew near, and went with them. 
But their eyes were holden, that they should 
not know him. . . . And it came to pass 
as he sat at meat with them, he took bread, 
and blessed it, and brake, and gave to them. 
And their eyes were opened, and they knew 
him" (Luke 24: 15-16, 30-31). 

They put him in a vaulted tomb — we put 
him into creeds ; 

And they, and we, go there to find his an- 
swers to our needs. 

But all the while he walks with us the toil- 
some road and waits till we, 

In some white hour of sacrifice, his living 
face shall see. 

— Catherine Culnan. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 

Taking a Sick Baby to the Doctor in India 

SHE was only three months old — not 
old enough to do anything but smile 
at her father and mother. But they 
thought they loved her more because they 
were in India, a long way from their own 
parents. You have guessed it — they were 
missionaries. But Baby Mae was sick. In 
America it is easy to send for aunties, grand- 
mothers, and doctors, but little Mae lived 
far from a doctor. It took three days to 
call him, as they had no telephones. 

The father, mother, and missionary neigh- 
bors did all they could. The Indian boys 
and girls and teachers held a prayer meet- 
ing to ask the heavenly Father to heal her. 
The missionary doctor made a trip there, but 
could not stay long because there were so 
many sick people at his station. Little Mae 
improved a little, but after a few days it 
seemed necessary to take her to the hospital. 
It meant more than packing a suitcase 
and taking the baby in an automobile. 
There was no automobile — only an old 
spring wagon like your grandfathers and 

Missionary to India 

grandmothers used to ride in. The roads 
were rough and rocky, so, to avoid jolting, 
they decided to do something else. First 
they made a soft bed in her little basket, 
then fixed a canopy top by bending split 
strips of bamboo over it. Wide leaves were 
spread over this for a covering, but they 
were not sufficient to keep out the heat of 
the tropical sun, so a pith hat was tied inside 
in the top. 

After laying her inside, they draped a 
large mosquito net over the entire basket 
to keep any insects from annoying her. A 
large, strong man was selected, and the 
b'asket, with its precious burden, was set 
on his head. A second man walked along 
with an umbrella tied to a long bamboo 
pole. This kept the sun from shining in 
her eyes through the open end. A nurse, 
who had come to attend the District Meet- 
ing, went along, and the father and mother 
were very glad for her help along the way. 

The first part of the journey was over 
the mountains, a distance of seven miles. 
They started at four o'clock in the after- 
noon, and reached the first rest house at 
eight o'clock. It was quite late when they 
cooked their supper, set up their sleeping 
cots, and did the other necessary things. 
They still had a long journey ahead of them, 
so they arose at two o'clock, which made 
it possible for them to travel a long time 
before the sun became very hot. When it 
did get too warm for little Mae they stopped 
at the river to make the leaves wet. 

They were all glad when they arrived at 
the railway station and settled down in the 
car for an easier way of travel. That night, 
at nearly eleven o'clock, they came to the 
hospital, where the kind doctor, who knows 
what to do for sick babies, was ready 


The Missionary Visitor 


to prescribe treatment for her disease. 
Today her father and mother do not cease 
praising the heavenly Father for the doctors 
in India. They know of many other little 
babies who have been healed because he 
put it into the hearts of some doctors to 
go to that far country, and into the hearts 
of others at home to support- them. 

Jolly Juniors and Peppy Primaries, with Three 

Teachers, on Church Lawn at Rocky Ford, 


Fording the Rockies 

The Junior Church League of Rocky Ford, 
Colo., are rejoicing as we send our money 
to the Mission Board. With prayers and 
good wishes from our happy children, we 
are hoping that the amount — $64.01 — though 
not a large sum, will help in furthering the 
education of our black brothers and sisters 
and in making them more comfortable and 

We raised flowers for a large seed grower 
here in the city last year. Rocky Ford is 
located in a large and very fertile valley 
near the Rocky Mountains. It was neces- 
sary to use irrigation as a means of watering 
our patches of flowers, and our pastor, Bro. 
Ernest Wampler, very successfully managed 
the irrigating process. 

The boys were usually on hand to help 
with this, as it was very interesting to them. 
Later the girls, with the supervision of the 
teachers, helped with the weeding, spacing, 
and transplanting. Then later, when the 
crop was ready to harvest, all together we 
gathered the seed into bags and hauled them 
away to the seed house. As we had to 
wait our turn to get our seed thrashed, it 
seemed rather long before we could know 
the results. 

We have an enrollment of about 42 in 
our children's department. For the Pri- 
maries we have one supervisor, Mrs. Maude 
Beaver. In the Junior department we have 
two instructors for the year — Mrs. Jessie 
Wine and Mrs. Jessie Andrews. These take 
charge every other evening. So the work 

can be planned together, present 
when needed, and each have an evening 
off occasionally. 

We have been studying Japan, and will 
soon take up the leaflet, "The Junior League 
Brings Health to India." At the close, of 
this study we* will "give a missionary pro- 
gram on Japan. Also the same evening 
there will be a play given by the B. Y. P. 
D. We hope soon to have our plans made 
for our work for^the Brown Brothers this 

Mrs. Jess'e Andrews. 

Ministering Marylanders 

The children of Meadow Branch Sunday- 
school, Eastern District of Maryland, have 
for a number of years been earning money 
in different ways each summer, and at 
Thanksgiving time they turn their money in. 
It is usecl for missions, both home and 
foreign. This year they earned $H0, and 
$10 of this amount is to go to our*Black 
Brothers in &itica, for which I enclose 
check. • Othen" benevolences which we re- 
member are : 

The Home for the Aged, at San Mar. 
The Industrial School in Virginia. 
Our County Home/ 

The aged and shut-ins and- sick of our 

Together with our gifts this year we 
visited a number of homes and sang for 
them and had a short service. 

There is in our town of Westminster a 
Home for the Aged. We rendered a Christ- 
mas program for them, and presented each 
guest of the Home with a calendar. 

Our gifts reached far over one hundred 
people, besides what we send to Africa. 
Mrs. J. Walter Thomas, 
Supt. Children's Division. 

Westminster, Md., R. 11. 


"What do you want us to do now?" wants 
to know Flo M. Spanogle, Lewistown, Pa., 
Junior leader. That means they have made 
a period after " Black Brothers," and have 
taken up the question of what to do for the 
" Brown Brothers." Color makes no differ- 
ence to these youngsters ! The 1928 Mission 
Study Prospectus and other literature are 
available for all inquirers. The " open sea- 
son " for missionary work is almost here. 
Hands to the hoe ! 

Here is a check of $24.52 from the Junior 
department of the Bridgewater Brethren 
Sunday-school, for the 1927 Africa mission 
work. Many of the boys and girls take 
great pride in working and giving the money 
which they have earned themselves. We 


The Missionary Visitor 


are wondering what our project shall be 
for 1928, and hope to do better this year. 
Edna L. Miller, 
Mt. Crawford, Va. Supt. Jun. Dept. 

The children of Price's Creek Sunday- 
school (So. Dist. of Ohio) have been sav- 
ing their pennies through the mite-box sys- 
tem for the past year. Christmas morning 
they gave a short program, when these 
boxes were brought in. They also gave the 
money which usually bought a sack of candy 
for them. Also the money from the Chil- 
dren's Day program last June. They have 
enjoyed doing this. The amount is $33.40, 
to be used in Africa. We adults felt we 
ought to help, so we raised $25.24 additional. 
Find check enclosed. 

E. C. Burnett, S. S. Supt. 

West Manchester, Ohio. 


Enclosed you will find check for $22.75 
from the Junior department of the Goshen 
City church, for the Africa Mission. The 
Juniors have been working hard, and are 
giving half of their money to our local build- 
ing fund. They want a new Junior depart- 
ment, as we have fifty-two Juniors in three 
small rooms. They also have a box of sup- 
plies to send to the Africa hospital — 12 
sheets, 6 pr. pillow slips, 6 bath towels, 6 hand 
towels, and a box of bandages. More will 
be added. We have started a Junior En- 
deavor, and will be glad for any helps you 
can offer. Edith M. Troyer. 

314 So. Main St., Goshen, Ind. 

Our secretary is sending the last of the 
money our boys and girls raised for our 
Black Brothers. It was raised in various 
ways : Some had paper routes, some raised 
vegetables, others poultry, and some of the 
girls had a candy sale. The Junior League 
gave $3.00; Beginners, $9.00; Primaries, 
$19.00; Juniors, $25.00; Intermediates, $34.00; 
making a total of $90.00. We are all look- 
ing forward to our work for India this year. 

Naperville, 111. Dora I. Shiftier, Supt. 


Find enclosed $38 from the Primaries and 
Juniors of Turkey Creek Sunday-school 
(Northern Indiana), for our Black Brothers 
Fund. We hope we will not have a deficit 
by the children being taught to give while 
young. We had forty children enrolled, and 
this money was given by thirty-five children. 
We will help India in 1928. 

Nappanee, Ind. Henry L. Pletcher. 

I am enclosing $8.51 to be credited to the 
1927 Junior League Fund, which, with the 
$64 previously sent in, raises the Four Mile 
(Southern Indiana) children's contribution to 
$72.51. I think the children have enjoyed 

doing the work, and we are hoping to do 
more this year. Mrs. F. E. McCune. 

Kitchel, Ind. 

The children are delighted with the J. C. 
L. buttons. There are seven in this group. 
Last fall, by raising garden and rabbits, 
they made a contribution of about $10 to the 
Africa mission fund. This year the Juniors 
will try again, following the same plan. 
Each one will be given a dime, with the op- 
portunity to increase it as much as possible 
by fall. We have a regular missionary jar, 
to which pennies are contributed each Sun- 
day. It does one's heart good to see the 
little folks take such an interest. Their little 
hearts are big. We hope in the near future 
to put on a missionary play. 

Elsie Anna Reed, Teacher. 

Newberg, Ore. 

The South James River Sunday-school 
loaned to the Juniors, and those of the 
Intermediates who cared to take part, a 
quarter to invest for " Our Black Brothers " 
fund in May, 1927. Some planted potatoes, 
some beans, some bought eggs and raised 
chickens, etc. Oct. 16 a program was given 
and the children brought their earnings. 
Twenty-two took part in the project. The 
total raised was $41.18. After returning the 
$5.50 to the Sunday-school, there is a balance 
of $35.68. We also have a donation from 
the Girls' Sunshine Club of $2.25. This club 
consisted of five of the girls who had taken 
part in the investment. They became so 
enthusiastic over their work for " Our Black 
Brothers " fund that they decided to donate 
the earnings of their club work too. This 
makes the total $37.93. 

Carrington, N. D. Mrs. D. M. Graham. 

Bula Fitz, Astoria, 111., thinks the Juniors 
of her school who earned money for the 
Africa fund worked diligently enough to get 
themselves into a picture. Look at the 
bunch, and see if you don't think they are 
worth it ! 


Enclosed you will find $25 from the Pri- 
mary Department of the Salamonie Sunday- 

Some Astoria Accomplishers 


The Missionary Visitor 


school (Middle Indiana), to be applied to 
the Black Brothers Fund. We use the third 
Sunday of each month as Missionary Day. 
The superintendent of the adult department 
gave each child that wished ten cents to 
invest and bring back the increase. This 
was our reward. Count on us to help in 
the missionary medical work of India for 

Mrs. Wade Shellenbarger, 
Huntington, Ind. Prim. Supt. 

A Correction 

On page 56 of the February Visitor Ernest 
B. Craun leaves us under the impression 
that the check sent for the Africa Fund was 
from the Weyers Cave Juniors. He would 
like us to say that it was the diligent young- 
sters of the Summit church who were re- 
sponsible for the money. Doubtless they are 
now ready to fall in line for the " Brown 
Brothers " parade. 


Dear Aunt Adalyn: May I join your circle? I 
am eleven years old, and in the sixth grade. I 
am a member of the Brethren church. We live on 
a farm of twenty acres. I go to school on a school 
truck. I hope some time I can help the Black 
Brothers. I wish some one of the circle would 
write to me. Dwight Sargent. 

Fruitland, Idaho. 

Do you think your folks could spare you a little 
garden spot which you might dedicate to the Black 
or Brown or Yellow Brothers? "Fruitland" sounds 
like a prosperous country. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I am nine years old and want 
to join your circle. I have a brother fourteen years 
old and a sister six. My baby sister, a year old, 
is walking every place. I am in the fourth grade. 
I am taking lessons on the piano. Leona Ruble. 

McVeytown, Pa. 

It won't be long till you can bring your baby sister 
into the circle. I am glad you are learning to make 
music for the family. 


1. Remove the last letter of a poet, and leave a 

2. Curtail to tie, and leave a place of storage. 

3. Curtail an opening in a barrel, and leave a kind 
of bread. 

4. Curtail a garment, and leave another garment. 

5. Curtail a six-sided object, and leave a young bear. 

6. Curtail a coin, and leave dusky. 

7. Curtail a sand hill, and leave a dull color. 

8. Curtail the head of the Catholic church, and leave 
to explode. 

Word Square 

First row across spells a Greek style of architecture. 

Second row spells a direction. 

Third row spells a city of India. 

Fourth row spells a man named in Judges 12: 8. 

Fifth row spells a river of Damascus. 

Put in order the first letters of the words, and you 

have one of our mission countries. 
Do the same with the last letters, and you have 

another country. 

(Answers next month) 


Decapitations.— 1. Mend— end. 2. Cloud— loud. 3. 
Clock — lock. 4. Glass — lass. 5. Twitch— witch. 6. 
Chair — hair. 7. Bounce — ounce. 8. Shark — hark. 

Missing Words. — 1. By— buy. 2. Belle— bell. 3. 
Mite — might. 4. Pale— pail. 5. Rode— road. 6. Heel- 
heal 7. Raze — raise. 8. Pause — paws. 

J* Jt 


Self-denial Week, and the mission band, 
As, of course, you really understand, 
Was planning for the purpose of giving a 

To the mission cause by an extra gift. 

" Oh, dear !" cried Bessie ; " Oh, my ! Oh, my ! 
I don't see how I can self-deny. 
I've nothing to do it with at all ; 
I've scarcely a penny my own to call; 
Whatever I save must be very small." 

" I wonder, I wonder," cried Tom and Lou, 
" What in the world we can ever do. 
Not a cent is ours to spend or give ; 
'Tis as much as we all can do to live, 
If we earned a little 'twould be so small 
It wouldn't be worth our giving at all." 

So the children talked, but they talked in 

For the leader hastened to make it plain 
That the " doing without " for the Savior's 

And the little sacrifice each could make 
Were the very things that they all should 

Just a day at a time, Self-denial Week. 

You might never guess how it came about, 
But each one found something to do without, 
For their hearts in earnest they really gave, 
And their best endeavors to earn and save. 
Not a single member of that bright band 
Had a chance to do something great and 

But the little things by the many wrought 
Exceeded all they had hoped or thought; 
And the gifts of their hands went far and 

That the bread of life might not be denied, 
But the hungry souls might be satisfied. 
If you add the littles and multiply 
You will find that they count up by and by. 
It is keeping on, after all, that counts, 
And that brings to the treasury large 


— Selected. 




The Missionary Visitor 




Confe ence Offering, 1927. As of February 29, 1928, 
the Conference (Budget) for the year ending Febru- 
ary 29, 1928, stands as follows: 
Cash received since March 1. 1927 $278,811.84 

The 1927 Budget of $408,300.00 is 68.3% raised, 
whereas it should be 100%.) 

Mission Board Treasury Statement. The following 
shows the condition of mission finances on February 
29, 1928: 

Income since March 1, 1927 $276,617.17 

Income same period last year, 315,180.40 

Expense since March 1, 1927, 365,137.20 

Expense same period last year 313,948.83 

Mission deficit February 29, 1928 97.404.64 

Mission deficit January 31, 1928, 69,193.50 

Increase in deficit for February, 1928, 28,211.14 

Tract Distribution: During the month of January 
the Board sent out 2,536 doctrinal tracts. 

Correction No. 24: See March, 1928, Visitor, under 
World-Wide Missions, $6.00 credit to No. St. Joseph 
Cong., No. Mo., $3.00 has since been designated for 
Junior League. 

January Receipts: The following contributions for 
the various funds were received during January: 


Arizona— $54.00 

S. S.: Glendale $ 54.00 

California— $413.97 

No. Dist., Cong.: Butte Valley, $13.33; 
Laton, $17.72; McFarland, $33.75; Modesto, 
$44.16; Reedley, $22.29; Sarah A. Garvey 
(Empire), $10; J. R. Wine (M. N.) (Empire), 
$.50; No. 102555 (Empire), $6; Lester B. 
Vaughn (Laton), $4; No. 102933 (Laton), $25; 
S. W. Fahnestock (Oakland), $10; Mrs. 
Orville Beckner (Reedley), $4; S. S. : Mod- 
esto, $19.66; Oakland, $42.18; Y. P. D. : 
Reedley, $5 257.59 

So. Dist., Cong.: Glendora, $85.08; C. Wal- 
ter Warstler (M. N.) (Calvary, Los Angeles), 
$1; S. L. Gross (Santa Ana), $3.40; S. S.: 
Hermosa Beach, $39.31; C. W. S.: E. San 
Diego, $17.88; Indv.: M. Grace Miller, $9.71, 156.38 

Canada— $6.50 

Cong.: Merrington, 6.50 

Colorado— $191.92 

E. Dist., Cong.: Colorado Springs, $25.82; 
Wiley, $18.25; Indv.: H. P. Lehman, $25, ... 69.07 

W. Dist., Cong.: First Grand Valley, 
$110.17; S. S.: Fruita, $5.18; Men's Bible 

Class, Fruita, $7.50, 122.85 

Florida— $125.81 

Cong.: Sebring. $84; Unknown donor of 
Orlando, $2; E. H. Hurst (Zion), $6; S. S. : 

Sebring, $30.02; Seneca, $3.79 125.81 

Idaho— $35.00 

Cong.: Emmett, $24; Fruitland, $11 35.00 

Illinois— $443.29 

No. Dist., Cong.: Franklin Grove, $5.33; 
Lanark, $20.25; Mt. Morris. $25; Polo, $75; 
Sterling, $6.75; Unknown donor of Elgin, 
$1.11; M. D. Wingert & Wife (Franklin 
Grove), $24; George Laughrin (Hickory 
Grove), $4; Little L. Myers & Wife (Lena), 
$5; I. C. Paul & Wife (Mt. Morris), $5; 
S. S. : Batavia, $8.73; Franklin Grove, $12.66; 
Lena, $24.88; Milledgeville, $3.39; Sterling, 
$6.29; West Branch, $27 254.39 

So. Dist., Cong.: Astoria, $43.40; Canton. 
$29; Decatur, $5.47; La Motte Prairie, $19.68; 
Okaw, $20; Virden, $4.90; Woodland, $41.50; 
Marv Hester (Girard), $1; S. S. : Allison 
Prairie, $5.71; La Place (Okaw), $18.24 188.90 

Indiana — $2,046.61 

Mid. Dist.. Cong.: Bachelor Run, $39.56; 
Clear Creek, $77.65; Flora, $91.33; Loon Creek, 
$30; Manchester, $606.07; Markle, $15; Pipe 
Creek, $46.76; Pleasant View, $143; Portland, 
$14.27; South Whitley, $8.85; West Eel River, 
$10.08; Cong. & S. S. : Eel River, $34.29; Mabel 
Monce (Manchester), $5; Marie Shively 
(Manchester), $5; Sarah Heaston (Markle), 
$4; S. S.: Hickory Grove, $112.70; Wabash 
Country, $35; Aid Soc. : Pipe Creek, $25, ... 1,303.56 

No. Dist., Cong.: Baugo, $26.08; Cedar 
Lake, $1.97; English Prairie, $29.22; Middle- 
bury, $14; No. Winona Lake, $40; Walnut, 
$54.10; Amos Kinzie (Middlebury), $2; In- 
dividuals (Nappanee), $16; Mrs. Margaret 
Wehrly (Syracuse), $3; S. S. : North Liberty, 
%32; Pleasant Valley, $57.15, 275.52 

So. Dist., Cong.: Anderson, $161.38; Ar- 
cadia. $21.25; Indianapolis, $19.10; Kokomo, 
$9; Nettle Creek, $37.64; Pyrmont, $133; 
Summitville, $3.50; White, $6.40; John W. 
Root (Fairview), $10; Cecile Carey (Howard), 
$1; Mark Himes (Ladoga), $1; Benj. F. Dear- 
dorff (Maple Grove), $4; Letha Hopkins 
(Maple Grove), $5; Mrs. Leslie Lambert 
(Maple Grove), $5; Samuel Barret (Middle- 
town), $10; Cecil Huffman (Mt. Pleasant), 
$5; Delbert E. William (Mt. Pleasant), $5; 
J. Andrew Miller (M. N.) (Muncie), $2.50; 
Harvey Dnnbar (White), $2; S. H. Price 
(White). $8; S. S. : Nettle Creek, $13.96; 

Indv.: R. A., $3.80, 467.53 

Iowa— $422.84 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Edwin L. West (Des 
Moines Valley), $67; C. Z. Reitz (Maxwell), 
$33.10; S. S.: Bagley, $1.78; Pleasant View, 
Cedar, $2.29; Panora, Coon River, $11.57; 
Robins, Dry Creek, $15.95; Walnut Ridge, 
Prairie City, $5; Y. P. D.: Cedar, $3 139.69 

No. Dist., Cong.: Kingsley, $5; Waterloo 
City (South Waterloo), $185; John Whitmer 
& Wife (Curlew), $10; Mrs. Lydia Sweitzer 
(Waterloo City, South Waterloo), $5; S. S. : 
Primary Dept., Waterloo City (South Water- 
loo), $5.15, 210.15 

So. Dist., Cong.: Lawrence Clark (Ot- 
tumwa), $5; S. S. : Libertyville, $50; Salem, 

$18 : 73.00 

Kansas— $504.60 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: H. R. Tice Richland 
Center), "$10;- S. S. : "Servants of the Mas- 
ter " Class, Morrill. $52; Richland Center, 
$20.63; Sabetha, $104.50; Aid Soc: Appanoose, 
$10 197.13 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Frances A. Singer 
(White Rock), $2; S. S. : No. Solomon, $17.07, 19.07 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: In memory of tbe wife 
and mother of W. H. Sell and Orlin (Fre- 
donia), $5; L. Watkins (Mont Ida). $5; Sadie 
Nice (Osage), $3; Lizzie Shank (Osage), $5; 
Gladys Shideler (Osage), $5; Indv.: Mrs. 
Mary Shank, $1, 24.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: McPherson, $84.20; 
West Wichita, $4; R. O. Boone (McPher- 
son), $150; A. Yoder (Peabody). $10; Etta 
McGonigle (Salem), $5; S. S. : Larned 
Rural, $9.30; Indv.: Julia A. Sandy, $1.90, .. 264.40 
Louisiana — $31 .69 

Cong.: Roanoke. $21.05; S. S. : Roanoke, 

$5.64; Indv.: John S. Metzger, $5, 31.69 

Maryland— $772.10 

E. Dist., Cong.: Bethany, $8.25; Frederick, 
$70; Long Green Valley, $28.04; Westminster 
(Meadow Branch), $157.52; Union Bridge 
(Pipe Creek), $16.69; Geo. E. Brengle (Fred- 
erick City), $10; H. E. Beard & Family 


The Missionary Visitor 



(Meadow Branch), $8; John D. and Wm. E. 
Roop (Meadow Branch), $100; Roy W. 
Grossnichel & Family (Middletown Valley), 
$50; A Helper (Piney Creek), $3; Arlene V. 
Guyton (Pipe Creek), $1.50; Wm. E. Gosnell 
& Wife (Sams Creek), $15; S. S. : Pleasant 
Hill (Bush Creek), $2.50; Meadow Branch, 
$22.48; Myersville (Middletown Valley), 
$84.30; Blue Ridge (Pipe Creek), $27.09; Indv.: 
No. 103189, $10, 614.37 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Beaver Creek, $11.14; 
A Sister (Longmeadow), $2, 13.14 

W. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, $85; Cherry 
Grove, $11.76; Westernport. $12.83; R. A. 
Haney & Wife (Cherry Grove), $10; Aid 

Soc: Accident, Bear Creek, $25, 144.59 

Michigan— $77.24 

Cong.: Battle Creek, $25.02; Sugar Ridge, 
$7.77; Zion, $2.95; Floyd N. Drake (M. N.) 
(New Haven), $.50; S. S. : Willing Workers 

Class, Beaverton, $11; Onekama, $30, 77.24 

Minnesota— $27.50 

Cong.: Hancock, $14.50; Winona, $5; Mrs. 
John Holmes (Guthrie), $3; Mrs. John Owen 

(Root River), $5, 27.50 

Missouri— $81.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: O. H. Feiler (M. N.) 
(Rockingham), $.50; Mrs. Emma Van Trump 
(Wakenda), $15; S. S.: Walnut Grove (Smith 
Fork), $55; Indv.: No. 103351, $1, 71.50 

So. Dist., S. S.: Carthage, 10.00 

Montana— $18.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Poplar Valley, $5; J. S. 
Geiser & Family (Grand View), $8; D. M. 

Moothart (Grand View), $5 18.00 

Nebraska— $157.64 

Cong.: Afton, $15.46; Bethel, $86.61; Octavia, 
$2; C. J. Lichty (Beatrice), $5; David Neher 
(Beatrice), $10; A Helper (Silver Lake), $10; 
Cong. & S. S.: Enders, $20.61; S. S.: Lincoln, 

$3.31; South Loup, $4.65, 157.64 

New Mexico— $3.00 

Indv.: Mary Hornbaker, 3.00 

North Carolina— $1.00 

Indv.: H. H. Masters, 1.00 

North Dakota— $10.00 

Cong.: Kenmare, 10.00 

Ohio— $1,423.34 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Danville, $53.13; New 
Philadelphia, $18.98; Springfield, $58.40; West 
Nimishillen, $18.48; Zion Hill, $2; J. C. Sum- 
mers & Family (Bethel), $25; Alice Emmert, 
(Cleveland), $4; M. A. Brumbaugh (Kent), 
$10; G. R. Gortner (Mohican), $5; Mrs. Sarah 
A. Dupler (Olivet), $5; Louisa Burkhart 
(Tuscarawas), $5; No. 103316 (Zion Hill), $6; 
S. S.: Ashland City, $35.69; Owl Creek, $28.88; 
Woodworth, $9.31, 284.87 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Dupont, $35.11; Green- 
springs, $12.14; Lima, $41.78; Pleasant View, 
$50; Poplar Ridge, $77; Ross, $4; Milford 
Dishong (Deshler), $1; S. P. Weaver (M. N.) 
(Lima), $.50; John H. Good (Logan), $20; 
Mary Snyder (Logan). $10; N. I. Cool (M. 
N.) (Pleasant View) 0.50; Beatrice Hartsough 
(Portage), $5; S. S.: Oak Grove (Rome), 
$41.87; Sand Ridge, $11.65 310.55 

So. Dist., Cong.: Brookville, $26.70; Don- 
nels Creek, $36.32; East Dayton, $12; Pits- 
burg, $9.01; Pleasant Hill, $40.09; Sidney, 
$15.90; Trotwood, $136.11; Union City, $44.92; 
West Dayton, $113; West Milton, $49.16; 
Mose Eby (Salem), $2; Chas. O. Lightner 
(Salem), $5; J. F. Burton (M. N.) (Trot- 
wood), $.50; Elaine Alcorn (West Dayton), 
$20; Joe Doner (West Milton), $4; S. S. : Bear 
Creek, $78.30; " Buds of Hope " Class (Cin- 
cinnati), $10; " Berean " Bible Class, Ft. Mc- 
Kinley, $4.50; Ft. McKinley, $9; Greenville, 
$32.68; Happy Corner (Lower Stillwater), 
$24.75; Painter Creek and Red River (Painter 
Creek), $78.56; Pitsburg, $19; Intermediate 
Class, Pleasant Valley, $10; Springfield, 

$37.87; Union City, $8.55, 827.92 

Oklahoma— $3.90 

S. S.: Guthrie, 3.90 

Oregon— $86.82 

Cong.: Ashland, $11.32; Grants Pass, $22; " 
Mabel, $16; Portland, $24; S. S.: Ashland, 
$3.50; Indv.: Charles E. Wolff & Family, $10, 86.82 
Pennsylvania — $4,519.88 

E. Dist., Cong.: Elizabethtown, $1,060.55; 
Ephrata, $41.15; Mechanic Grove, $20.59; 
Lebanon (Midway), $10; Reading, $20; Rich- 
land, $29.65; Spring Grove, $24; Swatara, 
Little, $137; Unknown donor (Elizabethtown), 
$1; Levi M. Wenger (Fredericksburg), $15; 
A Sister (Indian Creek), $2.50; Florence B. 
Gibbel (Lititz), $10; Augusta Reber (Lititz), 
$12.50; U. C. Fasnacht (M. N.) (Mechanic 
Grove), $.50; S. S.: Gleaners' Class, Akron, 
$5; Bareville (Conestoga), $50; E. Fairview, 
$14.45; E. Petersburg, $8.53; Elizabethtown, 
$340; Ephrata, $22.62; Harrisburg, $149.31; 
Lansdale (Hatfield), $20; Indian Creek, 
$24.61; Mechanic Grove, $28.26; Mingo, $200; 
Mount ville, $30.24; Reading, $35; Richland, 
$70; Hummelstown (Spring Creek), $14.24; 
Aid Soc: Mingo, $25; Indv.: Emma K. 
Landis, $5; No. 102584, $5; Elizabethtown 
College, $75.56, 2,507.26 

Mid. Dist.: 28th St. Altoona, $50; Cherry 
Lane, $3.85; Lewistown, $70.05; Woodbury, 
$108.60; Women's Missy. Soc. (First Al- 
toona), $3; Mary A. Kinsey (Dunnings 
Creek), $10; Susan Rouzer (Dunnings Creek), 
$5; Frank Myers & Wife (James Creek), 
$50; S. S.: 28th St. Altoona, $44.04; Germany 
Valley (Augh wick), $6.04; Rockhill (Augh- 
wick), $10; Sugar Run (Aughwick), $1.77; 
B^llwood, $15; Maitland (Dry Valley), $7.37; 
Fairview, $14.42; New Enterprise, $97.51; 
Spring Mount (Warriors Mark), $21.26; Cur- 
ry ville (Woodbury) $6.79; Yellow Creek, 
$12.45, 537.15 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Coventry, $25; German- 
town (Philadelphia), $92.33; Springfield, $2; 
W. G. Nyce (Pottstown), $1; S. S.: Norris- 
town, $7.51; Parkerford, $270.38; Primary 
Dept., Parkerford, $10; " Friendly Helpers " 
Class, Parkerford, $10; First Philadelphia, 
$4; Quakertown (Springfield), $65.75, 487.97 

So. Dist., Cong.: Antietam, $6.50; Carlisle, 
$25; Huntsdale, $26.71; Newville, $12.50; 
Pleasant Hill, $64.49; Mrs. Otelia Hereter 
(Marsh Creek), $2; Mary E. Bixler (York), 
$2; S. S.: Hanover, $12.35; Mechanicsburg, 
$7.37; New Fairview, $11.28; Melrose (Upper 
Codorus), $5.90; Waynesboro Classes: "Truth 
Seekers " Class, $122; " Busy Bee " Class, 
$30; Nelson Gingrich's Class, $30; Primary 
Department, $50; Loyal Workers Soc, $10; 
Dorcas Society, $50; Earl Snader's Class, $5; 
" Fedelis " Class, $100; Cradle Roll Dept., $30; 
Waynesboro, $25.64; Primary Dept., York, 
$10; Aid Soc: York, $25, 663.74 

W. Dist., Cong.: Conemaugh, $13.40; Con- 
nellsville, $12.62; County Line (Indian Creek), 
$10; Meyersdale, $95.29; Mt. Joy, $36.97; Penn 
Run, $15; Plum Creek, $20.50; Redbank, $2.38; 
Geo. B. Pritts (Ligonier), $5; A Brother 
& Sister (Manor), $50; Anna R. Meyers 
(Marklesburg), $1; R. E. Reed (Mt. Union), 
$20; W. J. Hamilton (Rockwood), $10; S. S.: 
Rayman (Brothersvalley), $25; Montgomery, 

$6.60, 323.76 

South Carolina — $18.06 

Cong.: Melvin Hill, 18.06 

Tennessee— $22.05 

Cong.: Johnson City, $14.05; S. S.: Jolin r 
son City, $6; Indv.: Mrs. Mary K. Clark, 

$2, : ,,.. . . • 22.05 

Texas— $114.28 

Cong.: Manvel, $50; Nocona, $57; S. S.: 

Falfurrias, $7.28, ..: .... 114.28 

Virginia — $403.14 

E. Dist., Cong.: Midland, $12.48; Mt. Car-, 
mel, $64.16; Oronoco, $4.50; S. S. : Nokesville, 
$34.61; Valley, $16.93, \ 132.68 

1st Dist., Cong.: Mrs. E. P. Fan'ss 
(Antioch), $1; Mrs. Sallie E. Pursley (Mt. " 
Joy), $4.50, 5.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: Riley ville, $44.45; South 
Fork, $6.50; Unity, $38.47; Upper Lost River, 
$5.25; J. B. Coffman (Cooks Creek), $.15; 


The Missionary Visitor 


S. S.: Bethel (North Mill Creek), $20; Riley- 
ville, $8.05; Salem, $9.81; Aid Soc.: Green- 
mount, $10, 142.68 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Barren Ridge, $17; Sum- 
mit, $17.37; Mrs. B. F. Miller (Beaver 
Creek), $5; Addison Crummet & Wife (Hiner, 
Sangerville), $15; Bettie F. Lamb (Waynes- 
boro), $5; S. S.: Bridgewater, $10.59; San- 
gerville, $15.32; Branch (Sangerville), $26, .. 111.28 

So. Dist., Cong.: Sarah J. Hylton (Coul- 
son), $1; Mrs. Pauline Nolley (Christians- 
burg), $10, 11.00 

Washington— $22.92 

Cong.: Omak, $6.10; Whitestone, $6.82; S. 

S.: Mt. Hope, $10, 22.92 

West Virginia— $129.30 

1st Dist., Cong.: Matilda J. Ely, (Bean 
Settlement), $1; Geo. H. Hoke (Bean Settle- 
ment), $4; A. G. Bohrer (Capon Chapel), $1; 
D. C. Shanholtz (Capon Chapel), $2; D. L. 
Shanholtz (Capon Chapel), $3; Mrs. H. R. 
Whisner (Capon Chapel), $4; Lizzie Carr 
(Eglon), $5; C. W. Martin' (Knobley), $5; 
Albert L. Sites (Knobley), $4; Baker Sisters 
(New Creek), $5; Henry N. Abe (Old Fur- 
nace), $5; Edward Beeman (Old Furnace), 
$4; Dennis Culp (Old Furnace), $4; H. M. 
Grapes (Old Furnace), $4; D. W. Tusing 
(Old Furnace), $5; Daniel B. Harper (Red 
Creek), $4; John Miley (Seneca), $25; Arthur 
Vance (Seneca), $5; S. S. : Pennington (Red 
Creek), $5; White Pine, $12.30; Indv.: D. J. 
Simmons, $10, 112.30 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Goshen, $8; C. A. 

Spurgeon (Pleasant Valley), $4, 12.00 

Wisconsin — $23.10 

Cong.: Rice Lake, $11; White Rapids, $8.10; 
S. S. : Chippewa, $2; Maple Grove, $1; Indv.: 
Mrs. Phoebe Barber, $1, 23.10 

Total for the month, $12,191,00 

Total previously reported, 45,023.87 

Correction No. 24, 3.00 

Total for the year, $57,211.87 

Illinois— $31.50 

No. Dist., Bethany Volunteer Band, $ 31.50 

Total for the month, $ 31.50 

Total previously reported, 3,123.91 

Total for the year, $3,155.41 

Illinois— $165.00 

No. Dist., Bethany Volunteer Band, $ 165.00 

Total for the month, $ 165.00 

Total previously reported, 61.00 

Total for the year, $ 226.00 

Virginia— $10.00 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: Greenmount, $ 10.00 

Total for the month, $ 10.00 

Total previously reported, 3,113.02 

Total for the year, $ 3,123.02 

Kansas— $22.50 

S. W. Dist., Aid Societies, $ 22.50 

Maryland— $70.00 

E. Dist., Aid Societies 25.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Societies, 45.00 

Oregon— $83.25 

Aid Societies, $24.25; Grants Pass, $13; 

Myrtle Point, $23; Portland, $23, 83.25 

Pennsylvania— $298.50 

E. Dist., Aid Societies, 298.50 

Tennessee — $44.40 

Aid Societies 44.40 

Virginia— $4.00 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: Greenmount, 4.00 

Total for the month, $ 522.65 

Total previously reported, 505.00 

Total for the year, $1,027.65 

California— $11.10 

No. Dist., Cong.: Empire, $4; Mrs. Myra 
Lei (Empire), $1, 5.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: La Verne, 6.10 

Idaho— $56.31 

Cong.: Twin Falls, 56.31 

Illinois— $14.78 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. W. W. Lehman 
(Dixon), $1; S. S. : Milledgeville, $3.01, .... 4.01 

So. Dist., Cong.: Astoria, 10.77 

Indiana— $29.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mississinewa, 29.00 

Kansas— $15.73 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Kansas City, 15.73 

Maryland— $10.00 

E. Dist., Indv.: No. 103189 5.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Welsh Run, 5.00 

Michigan— $12.65 

S. S.: Long Lake, 12.65 

Missouri — $25.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Broadwater, 25.00 

Nebraska— $7.00 

Cong.: Beatrice, $2; Indv.: Sarah A. Kohler, 

$5, 7.00 

North Dakota— $6.00 

S. S.: Three Primary Classes, Zion, 6.00 

Ohio— $61.80 

N. E. Dist.. Cong.: Cleveland, $3; Mrs. 
Delia Keller (Owl Creek), $1, 4.00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Defiance 20.15 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Lower Miami, $4.65; 

Middle District, ^33, 37.65 

Pennsylvania— $248.54 

E. Dist., Cong.: Augusta Reber (Lititz), .. 12.50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: 28th St. Altoona, $25.41; 
Everett, $26.40; Hollidaysburg, $13.54; Upper 
Claar, $9.34; S. S. : 28th St. Altoona, $2; 
Aid Societies, $37.50, 114.19 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Norristown, $18.40; 
S. S.: Norristown, $10.16 28.56 

So. Dist., Cong.: Newville, $12.69; Shippens- 
burg, $50; Mary Bixler, (York), $2; Indv.: 
Millie I. Bard, $1, 65.69 

W. Dist., Cong.: Windber, $20.26; S. S. : 

Geiger, $7.34, 27.60 

Virginia— $154.89 

E. Dist., S. S.: Drainville (Fairfax), $4.50; 
Aid Soc: Valley, $4.35, 8.85 

1st Dist., Cong.: Daleville, $77.92; N. E. 
Lintecum (Crab Orchard), $2.25, 80.17 

No. Dist., Cong.: South Fork, $5.87; S. S. : 
Bible Class, Linville Creek, $50; Aid Soc: 

Linville Creek, $10, 65.87 

West Virginia— $16.00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: M. C. Czigan, (Pleasant 
Valley), $5; L. D. Charles, Jr. (Pleasant 
Valley), $10; H. G. Spurgeon (Pleasant Val- 
ley), $1, 16.00 

Total for the month, $ 668.80 

Total previously reported, 16,866.05 

Total for the year, $17,534.85 

Idaho— $2.50 

S. S.: Junior Class, Winchester, $ 2.50 

Indiana— $10.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : "Sunshine Class," White 

Branch (Nettle Creek) 10.00 

Pennsylvania — $1 .00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: 28th St. Altoona, 1.00 

Virginia— $60.99 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Chas. B. Gibles (Valley 
Bethel), $10; S. S.: Primary Dept., Middle 
River, $50.99, 60.99 


The Missionary Visitor 



Total for the month, .;.....$ 74.49 

Total previously reported, 594.74 

Total for the year, $ 669.23 

Illinois— $23.00 

No. Dist., Aid Soc. : Milledgeville, $ 10.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Canton, 13.00 

Indiana— $20.00 
No. Dist., Cong.: Chas. J. Lauer & Wife 

(Elkhart), 20.00 

Kansas — $5.00 
S. W. Dist., Cong.: West Wichita 5.00 

Minnesota— $80.95 
Cong.: Root River, 80.95 

Ohio— $109.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Black River, 94.30 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Bellefontaine, >. . 11.70 

So. Dist., S. S.: Middletown, 3.00 

Pennsylvania— $336.30 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Ardenheim, 10.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Coventry, $75; S. S. : 

First Philadelphia, $31, 106.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Brothers Valley, $65; 

Westmont, $128.80; S. S. : Westmont, $26.50, 220.30 

Washington— $6.00 
Cong.: Omak, 6.00 

Total for the month, $ 580.25 

Total previously reported, 3,024.93 

Total for the year, $3,605.18 

Idaho— $3.93 

S. S.: Winchester, $ 3.93 

Total for the month, $ 3.93 

Total previously reported, 816.20 

Total for the year, $ 820.13 

Colorado— $61.59 

E. Dist., S. S.: Children of Denver, $28.59; 
Junior and Intermediate Girls, Haxtun, $18.50; 

Junior League and S. S., Wiley, $14.50, $ 61.59 

California— $165.33 

No. Dist., Cong.: Reedley, $23.58; S. S. : 
Oakland, $31.64; Laton,_ $3.60; Lindsay, $53.68; 
Second Primary, Junior and Intermediate 
Classes, Waterford, $26.70; " Frontier Boys," 
Mt. Hermon Summer Assembly, $2.50, 141.70 

So. Dist., S. S. : Junior Dept., Covina, 23.63 

Florida— $15.00 

C. W. S.: Junior-Intermediate, Sebring, .. 15.00 

Idaho— $3.50 

S. S.: Red Rose Class, Nampa, 3.50 

Illinois— $194.62 

No. Dist., S. S.: Junior League, Dixon, 
$7.38; Mt. Morris, $53.82; Children of Lanark, 
$97.27, .. 158.47 

So. Dist., S. S. : Junior League, Allison 
Prairie, $6; Children of Astoria, _ $11.59, 
Juniors of Cerro Gordo, $10.31; Junior and 

Intermediate Depts., Virden, $8.25, 36.15 

Indiana— $615.28 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Manchester, $165; S. S. : 
Children of Bachelor Run, $60.11; Children of 
Cart Creek, $8; Children of Eel River, 
$30.83; Pleasant Dale, $67.81; "Willing Work- 
ers" Class, West Eel River, $3.57, 335.32 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bethel, $51.29; Rock Run, 
$168.42; Juniors of Goshen City, $22.75; Junior 
Class, Middlebury, $8; Primary Dept., North 
Liberty, $4; Beginners Class, Pleasant Val- 
ley, $3.85; Primary Dept., Walnut, $21.65, .. 279.96 
Iowa— $111.75 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Walnut Ridge (Prairie 
City), 15.75 

No. Dist., S. S.: Junior & Intermediate 
Depts.. South Waterloo, 83.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Children's Division, Salem, 13.00 
Kansas— $275.54 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Boys' Class, Abilene 
City, $15; "Cradle Roll" Dept., Morrill, 

$2.25; "Helping Hand" Class. Morrill, $12; 
Intermediate Dept., Morrill, $35; Junior De- 
partment, Morrill, $76.25; Primary Dept., 
Morrill, $62.04; Mrs. Gussie McPherson's 
Class, Richland Center, $11.50; Sabetha, $30.50, 244.54 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Children of Larned, 

$11.80; Children of Larned Rural, $19.20, 31.00 

Maryland— $317.84 

E. Dist., S. S.: Primary Dept., Blue Ridge 
(Pipe Creek), $32; Children of Washington 
City, $250, 282.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Junior League, Pleasant 
View, 28.00 

W. Dist., Junior League, Cherry Grove, .. 7.84 

Michigan — $6.35 

S. S. : Junior Dept., Sugar Ridge, 6.35 

Missouri— $14.47 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Juniors, Happy Hill, .... 5.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Two Classes, North St. 
Joseph, 4.14 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mountain Grove (Cabool), 5.33 

North Dakota— $16.00 

S. S.: "Willing Workers" Class, Ellison, 

$11; Primary Class, Minot, $5, 16.00 

Ohio— $60637 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Baltic, $21.05; Primary 
Classes, Baltic, $12.15; Junior League, Dan- 
ville, $129.52; Children, E. Chippewa, $5; 
Olivet, $49.45, 217.17 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Children, Defiance, 
$41.14; "Light Bearers" Class, Marion, $8.85; 
Ross, $11; Primrose Div., Silver Creek, 
$23.87, 84.86 

So. Dist., Cong.: Trotwood, $120.03; S. S. : 
Primary Dept., Bear Creek, $52.90; Children, 
Beaver Creek, $6.11; Junior League, Beaver 
Creek, $5; Primary, Junior & Intermediate 
Classes. Donnels Creek, $51.70; J. C. L. Girls 
Class, Ft. McKinley, $16.20; Juniors, Harris 
Creek, $12; Beginners Class, Poplar Grove, 

$7; Children, Prices Creek, $33.40, 304.34 

Oklahoma— $4.75 

S. S.: Children, Washita, 4.75 

Oregon— $22.07 

S. S.: Ashland, .' ; 22.07 

Pennsylvania— $371 .53 

E. Dist., S. S.: Harrisburg, $52.80; Hum- 
melstown (Spring Creek), $13.15, 65.95 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Primary Class* Juniata 
Park, $25; Lewistown, $53.66; Junior Class, 
Waterside (New Enterprise), $2.52, 81.18 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Harmony ville, $15; 
"Truth Seekers" Class, Quakertown (Spring- 
field), $31.25; First Philadelphia, $8.50, .... 54.75 

So. Dist., S. S. : Three Springs (Perry), 
$40.60; D. V. B. S. : Waynesboro, $41, 81.60 

W. Dist., S. S. : "Sunshine Band," Geiger, 
$6.50; Mrs. Arthur Wolford's Class, Ligonier, 
$3.60; Middle Creek, $36.50; Junior League, 

Mt. Joy, $3; Red Bank, $38.45, 88.05 

Virginia— $92.82 

E. Dist., S. S.: J. Hiram, Jacob S. and 
Barbara R. Zigler, Belmont, 2.50 

1st Dist., S. S.: Juniors, Daleville, 31.28 

No. Dist., S. S. : Junior League, Unity, 2.12 

Sec. Dist., S. S. ^Primary Dept., Bridge- 
water, $15.50; Junior Dept., Bridgewater, 
$24.52; Orlando, Jasper, and Esther Miller, 
Elk Run, $13.90; Dorothy Cox, Virginia Chat- 

terbuck, and Nellie Harper, Moscow, $3, 56.92 

Washington— $7.34 

S. S.: Juniors, Spokane, 7.34 

Wisconsin— $22.25 

S. S. : Junior League, White Rapids, .... 22.25 

Total for the month, $ 2,924.40 

Total previously reported, 3,108.70 

$ 6.033.10 
Correction No. 24 3.00 

Total for the year, $6,036.10 

B. Y. P. D. FUND— 1927 
Illinois— $65.00 

No. Dist., Y. P. D.: First Chicago, $15; 
Franklin Grove, $50, $ 65.00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Indiana— $235.93 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Manchester, $228.93; 
S. S.: Young People's Class, Cart Creek, $7, 235.93 
Iowa — $10.00 

So. Dist., Y. P. D.: Salem, 10.00 

Ohio— $66.53 

N. E. Dist., Y. P. D.: Akron, 66.53 

Oregon— $7.00 

Y. P. Class, Ashland, 7.00 

Pennsylvania — $618.38 

Mid. Dist., Y. P. D. : Waterside (New 
Enterprise), 6.60 

So. Dist., S. S.: Waynesboro-Beginners 
Dept., $40; Evelyn Benedict's Class, $20; 
" Dorcas " Class, $40; Robert Fitz's Class, 
$16; "Light Bearers" Class, $40; Men's Bible 
Class, $120; Jessie Oellig's Class, $7.52; 
" Silent Gleaners " Class, $108.54; J. B. 
Stoner's Class, $30; Sister Sweger's Class, 
$10; Teacher Training Class, $70; W. L. 
Widdowson's Class, $11; "Victor" Class, $12; 
C. W. S.: Intermediate, Waynesboro, $40.72; 
Young People's $46, 611.78 

Virginia — $37.60 

Sec. Dist., B. Y. P. D. : Summit, 37.60 

Washington— $2.40 

Y. P. D.: Omak 2.40 


Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $2,197.55 

California— $10.00 

So. Dist., Indv.: M. Grace Miller, $ 10.00 

Florida— $9.09 

S. S.: Primary Dept., Sebring, 9.09 

Illinois— $2.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. C. M. Culp (Elgin), 2.00 

Iowa— $43.45 

No. Dist., S. S.: Junior Classes, Kingsley, 43.45 
Kansas— $85.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Katie Schul (Fredonia), 10.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: First Wichita, 75.00 

Pennsylvania— $82.69 

E. Dist., Cong.: Eugenia Geiman (Eliza- 
bethtown), 10.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Belhvood, $4.25; S. S. : 
28th St. Altoona, $10; Rockhill (Aughwick), 
$5; Bellwood, $5.75, 25.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : Anna Bushman's Classes, 
Wavnesboro, 45.02 

W. Dist., S. S.: Beginners Dept., Geiger, 2.67 

West Virginia— $5.46 

1st Dist., Aid Soc: Eglon, 5.46 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, 

Florida— $10.00 


.$ 2,164.61 

Indv.: J. E. Young $ 

Maryland— $40.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: E. C. Bixler & Wife. 

(New Windsor, Pipe Creek) 

Ohio— $25.00 

N. W. Dist., Aid Soc: Pleasant View, 



Total for the month, $ 75.00 

Total previously reported, 480.00 

Total for the year, $ 555.00 

Illinois— $1.81 

No. Dist., S. S.: Milledgeville, $ 1.81 

Indiana— $35.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Fairview 35.00 

Pennsylvania— $219.04 

E. Dist., S. S.: Lititz, $74.54; Aid Soc: 
White Oak, $45, 119.54 

So. Dist., S. S.: Alpha Class, Carlisle, $25; 
Primary Class, Carlisle, $4; Junior Girls' 

Class, Carlisle, $3 32.00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Maple Glen, $17.50; Pike 
Run (Middlecreek), $20; Aid Soc: Meyers- 
dale, $30, 67.50 

Total for the month, $ 255.85 

Total previously reported, 904.24 







Total for the year, $ 1,160.09 

California— $12.50 

No. Dist., S. S.: "I Will" Class, Em- 
pire $ 

Indiana— $62.50 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Junior Girls' Class, Pipe 

No. Dist., S. S. : "Ever Ready" Class. 

Turkey Creek, 

Kansas— $11.46 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Conway Springs, 

Ohio— $131.25 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: "Gleaners Class" 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Black Swamp, 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Lily Band," Pleasant 
Hill, $25; "Loyal Workers" Class, Poplar 
Grove, $25; "Good Will Circle" College St. 

S. S., (West Dayton), $25, 

Pennsylvania — $178.73 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Snake Spring, $50; S. S. : 
" Willing Workers " Class, Snake Spring, 
$50, 100.00 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: "Help One Another" 
Class, First Philadelphia, 25.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : "Sunbeam" Class, Ridge, 15.00 

W. Dist., S. S.: "Missionary Helpers," 
Conemaugh, $10; Women's Adult Bible Class, 

Somerset, $28.73, 38.73 

Tennessee— $70.00 

Cong.: French Broad, $25; W. H. Wine 
(Mountain Valley), $25; Indv.: Nicolaus 

Kail, $20 70.00 

Texas— $25.00 

Cong.: Manvel, 25.00 

Virginia— $25.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" Class, 
Mill Creek, 25.00 


Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $4,619.56 

California— $5.00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Covina, $ 5.00 

Total for the month, $ 5.00 

Total previously reported 130.00 

Total for the year $ 135.00 

Kansas— $11.09 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Primary Dept., Monitor, $ 11.09 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, S 



California— $5.00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Covina S 



Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 



Pennsylvania— $50.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Helping Hand" Class, 
Waynesboro, $ 

Total for the month, S 




The Missionary Visitor 


Total previously reported, 260.86 

Total for the year $ 310.86 

Kansas— $21.09 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Katie Schul (Fredonia), $ 10.00 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Primary Dept., Monitor, 11.09 
Pennsylvania— $26.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: J. G. Reber (Maiden 
Creek), 6.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : Second Year Juniors, 
Waynesboro, 15.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: J. W. Wegley (Middle 

Creek), 5.00 

Virginia— $7.50 

Sec. Dist., S. S. : Primary Dept., Middle 

River, 7.50 

Washington— $23.00 

Cong. : Missionary Society (Wenatchee 

Valley), 23.00 

West Virginia— $5.46 

1st Dist., Aid Soc: Eglon 5.46 

Total for the month, $ 83.05 

Total previously reported, 1,689.18 

Total for the year, $1,772.23 

Nebraska— $5.00 

Cong.: A Helper (Silver Lake) $ 5.00 

Total for the month, $ 5.00 

Total previously reported, 70.73 

Total for the year, $ 75.73 

Nebraska— $5.00 

Cong.: A Helper (Silver Lake), $ 5.00 

Total for the month, .$ 5.00 

Total previously reported, 12.74 

Total for the year, $ 17.74 

California— $61.75 

So. Dist., S. S.: Hermosa Beach, $36.75; 

Inglewood, $25 61.75 

Indiana— $103.18 
Mid. Dist., S. S.: Junior Boys' Class, .... 53.18 
No. Dist., S. S.: Men's Class, First South 

Bend, 50.00 

Maryland— $131.25 
E. Dist., S. S.: Mission Study Class, Long 

Green Valley, $6.25; Union Bridge (Pipe 

Creek), $25; Woodberry, $50; Aid Soc: 

Westminster (Meadow Branch), $50, 131.25 

Pennsylvania — $225.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Fairview, 75.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : "Always There" Class, 

Waynesboro, 150.00 

Total for the month, $ 521.18 

Total previously reported, 1,421.09 

Total for the year, $1,942.27 

Illinois— $1.51 

No. Dist., S. S.: Milledgeville, $ 1.51 

Total for the month, $ 1.51 

Total previously reported, 25.00 

Total for the year, $ 26.51 

West Virginia— $5.46 

1st Dist., Aid Soc: Eglon, $ 5.46 

Total for the month, $ 5.46 

Total previously reported, 78.95 

Total for the year, $ 84.41 

California— $28.41 

So. Dist., Cong.: First Los Angeles, $18.41; 

Indv.: M. Grace Miller, $10, $ 28.41 

Colorado— $3.15 

W. Dist., S. S.: Intermediate Boys' Class, 

Fruita, -. 3.15 

Florida— $34.09 

S. S.: # Primary Dept., Sebring, $9.09; C. W. 

S. : Senior, Sebring, $25, 34.09 

Illinois— $46.83 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elgin, $21.81; Lanark, 

$24; S. S.: Beginners Class, Elgin, $1.02 46.83 

Indiana — $69.50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Flora, 69.50 

Iowa— $75.68 

No. Dist., S. S. : Home Dept., Greene, 

$25.68; Indv.: No. 103187, $50, 75.68 

Kansas— $54.87 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Olathe, $22.92; Over- 
brook, $10.07, 32.99 

N. W. Dist, S. S.: North Solomon, 11.88 

S. E. Dist, Cong.: Katie Schul (Fredonia), 10.00 
Maryland— $55.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" ri a ss. 
Woodberry (Baltimore), $25; "Good Will" 

Class, Washington City, $30, 55.00 

Nebraska— $40.48 

S. S.: So. Beatrice, 40.48 

Ohio— $90.51 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Danville, $1; Maple 
Grove, $16.84; Mrs. Flora Kessler (Ash- 
land), $5 22.84 

So. Dist., Cong.: Beaver Creek, $37.43; 
Prices Creek, $25.24; Junior Aid Soc, Harris 

Creek, $5, 67.67 

Oklahoma — $5.00 

Cong.: Ellen Garst (Bartlesville), 5.00 

Oregon— $15.00 

Indv.: J. A. Sheets & Wife, 15.00 

Pennsylvania— $1,683.08 

E. Dist., S. S. : Junior Boys' Class, 
Chiques, $15; Elizabethtown, $30; "Ever 
Faithful " Class, Richland, $15; Elizabeth- 
town College Bible Institute, $326, 386.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: 28th St. Altoona, $1.90; 
Curry ville (Woodbury), $57.12, 59.02 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: First Philadelphia, 
$125; S. S.: First Philadelphia. $21.50, 146.50 

So. Dist., S. S.: A. H. Culler's Class, 
Waynesboro, $10.60; "Always Willing" Class, 
Waynesboro, $1,000; C. W. S.: Junior, 
Waynesboro, $22; Aid Soc: Waynesboro, 
$51.96, 1,084.56 

W. Dist., Cong.: Ten Mile, 7.00 

Virginia— $2.00 

E. Dist., C. W. S.: Hollywood, 2.00 

Washington— $25.00 

Cong.: No. 103503 (Wenatchee Valley), .... 25.00 
West Virginia— $5.46 

1st Dist., Aid Soc: Elglon, 5.46 

Total for the month, $2,234.06 

Total previously reported, 3,779.04 

Total for the year, $6,013.10 

Indiana— $35.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Brick (Nettle Creek), ....$ 35.00 
Maryland— $25.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Live Wire" Class, Wood- 
berry (Baltimore) 25.00 

Ohio— $12.50 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Young People's Class, 

Oak Grove (Rome), 12.50 

Pennsylvania— $35.50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: No. 103195 (Lewistown), 25.00 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: First Philadelphia 10.50 

Total for the month, $ 108.00 

Total previously reported, 499.64 

Total for the year, $ 607.64 


The Missionary Visitor 


California— $15.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Glendora, $ 15.00 

Iowa— $30.00 

No. Dist., Indv.: No. 103187 30.00 

Total for the month, $ 45.00 

Total previously reported, 128.50 

Total for the year, $ 173.50 

Illinois— $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: A Sister (Milledgeville), $ 5.00 

Indiana— $21.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong. : Marie Shively (Man- 
chester). $2; S. S.: Delphi, $10, 12.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Amos Kinzie (Middle- 
bury), $1; S. S.: Cleveland Union, $8, 9.00 

Maryland— $38.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Long Green Valley, $28; 
Aid Soc: Grossnickle (Middletown Valley), 

$10 38.00 

Missouri— $4.66 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Happy Hill, 4.66 

Oregon— $13.25 

S. S.: Mabel, 13.25 

Pennsylvania— $267.98 

E. Dist., Cong.: Chiques, $51.50; Indian 
Creek. $100; Richland, $28; S. S. : Chiques. 
$15; Hannah Binner's Class, Midway, $5; 
"Character Builders" Class, Midway, $5; 
Elizabeth Martin's Class. Midway, $5; "Will- 
ing Workers " Class, Midway, $5; Manheim 
(White Oak),- $38.48 252.98 

W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Elizabeth Mills 
(Walnut Grove, Johnstown), $5; W. J. Ham- 
ilton (Rockwood), $10, 15.00 

Virginia— $6.46 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Barren Ridge, 6.46 

Total for the month, $ 356.35 

Total previously reported, 1,732.99 

Total for the year, $ 2,089.34 

Pennsylvania— $10.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: James Creek, $ 10.00 

Total for the month $ 10.00 

Total previously reported, 7.25 

Total for the year, $ 17.25 

Arkansas— $12.00 

N. W. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Mary Babb & 

Daughter, $ 12.00 

California— $4.53 

No. Dist., S. S. : Patterson, 4.53 

Illinois— $21.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elgin, $1; J. W. Lear 

(First Chicago), $20, 21.00 

Indiana— $179.84 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Bachelor Run, $16.40; 
S. S.: Pleasant Dale, $31.99, 48.39 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Pleasant, $25.34; 
Plymouth, $14.61; Rock Run, $69.50, 109.45 

So. Dist., Cong.: Kokomo 22.00 

Iowa— $11.80 

No. Dist., Cong.: Spring Creek, 11.80 

Kansas— $20.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Abilene City, 20.00 

New Mexico— $2.00 

Indv.: Mary Hornbaker, 2.00 

Ohio— $189.52 

So. Dist., Cong.: New Carlisle, $134.79; 

Poplar Grove, $54.73, 189.52 

Pennsylvania— $74.25 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Huntingdon, 74.25 

Virginia— $503.57 

1st Dist., Cong.: Cloverdale, $50; Congre- 
gations of District, $148.46, ..Y 198.46 

No. Dist., Cong.: Greenmount, $111.51; 

Linville Creek, $155; Unity, $20.13; Congrega- 
tions of District, $18.47, 305.11 

Washington— $139.55 

Cong.: Olympia, $26.30; Tacoma, $20; S. S. : 
Wenatchee Valley, $93.25 $ 139.55 

Total for the month $1,158.06 

Total previously reported, 58,848.91 

Total for the year, $60,006.97 

Indiana— $2.48 

So. Dist., Cong.: White, $ 2.48 

Pennsylvania— $38.48 

E. Dist., S. S.: Manheim (White Oak), 38.48 

Total for the month, $ 40.96 

Total previously reported, 146.23 

Total for the year, $ 187.19 

California— $560.50 

No. Dist., Lindsay Cong, for Dr. Ida 
Metzger, $ 50.00 

So. Dist.. LaVerne Cong, for L. A. Blick- 
enstaff and wife and E. D. Vaniman and 
wife, $344; Ira Butterbaugh (La Verne) for 
A. G. Buttermaugh, $116.50; Mothers' Class 
(La Verne) for Stephen Claire Blickenstaff, 

$50, 510.50 

Colorado— $27.15 

E. Dist., Rocky Ford S. S. for Anna N. 

Crumpacker, 27.15 

Idaho— $103.25 

Congs. of Idaho and W. Mont, for Dr. D. L. 
Horning, $35.60; for Anetta C. Mow, $67.65, 103.25 
Illinois— $24.80 

No. Dist., Douglas Park (Chicago) S. S. 

for Kathryn Garner, 24.80 

Indiana— $320.18 

Xo. Dist., S. S.'s for Marguerite Burke 
Budget and Mary Schaeffer, $173.17; Yellow 
Creek Y. P. D. for Clara Harper Budget, 
$18.01, 1-91.18 

So. Dist., Buck Creek Cong, for Nettie B. 

Summer, 129.00 

Iowa— $246.22 

So. Dist., English River Cong, for Nettie 
M. Senger, $184; No. English S. S. for Nettie 

M. Senger, $62.22, 246.22 

Kansas— $581.55 

S. E. Dist., Parsons S. S. for Emma H. 
Eby, 11.65 

S. W. Dist., Congs. for F. H. Crumpacker. 
$19.90; J. D. Yoder (Monitor) for Myrtle 

Pollock, $550, 589.90 

Maryland— $960.00 

E. Dist., Frederick Cong, for Ethel A. 
Roop. $30; Women's Bible Class (Washing- 
ton City), for Ethel Roop. $5, 35.00 

Mid. Dist., Sunday Schools for H. P. 
Garner and B. F. Summer 625.00 

B. Y. P. D.'s of Marvland for Earl W. 

Flohr, 300.00 

Michigan — $76.40 

Grand Rapids Cong, for Haven Crumpacker, 
$7.91; for Maurine Miller, $3.28; Primary 
Depts. for Haven Crumpacker, $10.78; Junior 
Depts. for Maurine Miller, $10.93; Sunday 
Schools for Dr. J. Paul Gibbel, $43.50, .... 76.40 
Missouri — $6.25 

Mid. Dist., Happy Hill S. S. for Jennie 

Mohler, 6.25 

Ohio— $415.51 

X. E. Dist., Owl Creek Cong, for Lola 
Helser, 40.51 

So. Dist., Trotwood CSng. for Elizabeth 
Oberholtzer, $100; Bear Creek S. S. for Anna 

Lichty, $275, 375.00 

Pennsylvania — $3,059.28 

E. Dist.. S. S.'s for Kathryn Ziegler 550.00 

Mid. Dist., Albright Cong, for Olivia D. 
Ikenberry, $20; Huntingdon Cong, for J. M. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Blough. $495.60, 515.60 

S. E. Dist., Coventry Cong, for H. Stover 
Kulp, 100.00 

So. Dist., Missy. Assn. (Waynesboro) for 
Martha D. Horning, 250.00 

W. Dist., Scalp Level Cong, for Dr. H. 
L. Burke, $600; S. S.'s for Wm. H. Beahm, 
Ida Shumaker, Olive Widdowson, and Grace 

Clapper, $1,043.68, 1,643.68 

Virginia— $1,053.69 

E. Dist., Mothers' Class, Oakton S. S. 
(Fairfax) for Minor M. Myers, : 25.00 

1st Dist., Pleasant View (Chestnut Grove) 
S. S. for Rebecca C. Wampler, 50.00 

No. Dist., Greenmount Cong, for M. M. 
Myers, $50; for I. ' S. Long and Wife, $87.50; 
for F. J. Wampler, $5; S. S.'s for Dr. F. J. 
Wampler, $181.98, 324.48 

See Dist., Barren Ridge Cong, for Nora 
Flory, $81; Middle River Cong, for B. M. 
Flory, $100.68; Pleasant Valley Cong, for 
Edna Flory, $322.53; Middle River Aid Soc. 
for Wendell Flory, $50; Middle River Aid 

Soc. for B. M. Flory, $100, 654.21 

West Virginia— $86.11 

1st Dist., Eglon Cong, for Anna B. Mow, 86.11 

Total for the month $7,520.89 

Total previously reported, 40743.22 

Total for the year, $48,264.11 


(Continued from Page 114) 

Middle Pennsylvania 

Altoona 28th St 20 

Juniata Park 36 

Waterside 15 

Williamsburg 20 

Texas and Louisiana 

Rosepine 24 

Northern Virginia 

Cooks Creek (Garber's Ch.) 7 

Cooks Creek (Pleasant Run) 10 

Mill Creek 30 

Southern Virginia 

Antioch 40 

Bethlehem 25 

Fraternity 18 

Boone Mill 25 

Sunnyside 40 

The Missionary Character of Chris- 
tianity. About sixty slides, including 
a magnificent worship hymn. This 
lecture shows the essentially mission- 
ary character of the missionary re- 
ligion. It is richly illustrated by 
biblical characters and of missionary 
personalities in our church. Lecture 
accompanies the set. Rental, $2, and 
return transportation. No rental 
charged to those who receive a mis- 
sionary offering at the time of the 
showing. Order well in advance. 
Elgin, 111. 

Edward Ziegler, president of the 
United Student Volunteers, is a 
student in Bridgewater College, Va. 
In this capacity he has secured the 
special material for this special Stu- 
dent Volunteer issue of the Visitor. 
The editor is deeply indebted to 
him for the splendid material se- 
cured and for the editorial written 
by him. 


(Continued from Page 111) 

to Vali and Nurse Wolfe to Umalla. 

The Millers have assumed the duties of 
supervising the Boys' Boarding-school and 
station work in general. In spite of re- 
peated attacks of flu and malaria they are 
taking up the work cheerfully and zealously. 

Miss Wolfe is taking charge of the Baby 
Home, as Miss Widdowson is about to pro- 
ceed on her furlough. 

Miss Ziegler, as usual, is devoting the 
winter season to touring in the villages. 

The Lichtys, also, are privileged to give 
their full time to evangelistic work in the 
villages this winter. We have met with good 
response thus far in our work, and with but 
one exception there has been no opposition. 
In this one particular case the opposer was 
a representative of the Arya Samaj, a society 
which bitterly opposes the conversion of 
Hindus to another religion. He came into 
our midst where we were camping, with the 
hope of dissuading the candidates for 
baptism from embracing the Christian re- 
ligion. But his efforts availed nothing. Six 
men and boys were baptized while their 
ardent opposer stood on the bank of the 
stream witnessing their profession of Christ. 
In another village thirteen were baptized, 
most of whom were won to Christ through 
the personal work of Christians of their 

Recently twenty-six boys of the Vali 
Boarding-school were baptized. On New 
Year's eve the Vali church enjoyed a quiet 
and spiritual love feast. Some of the new 
converts from out-stations partook of the 
sacred emblems for the first time. A few 
weeks later, in the little village of Jamoli, 
about sixty communicants gathered iround 
the Lord's table. 

Church of the Brethren Missionaries 

Supported in Whole or in Part by Funds Administered by the General Mission Board 
With the Year They Entered Service 

Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Geer, Va. 

Bollinger. Amsev. and Flor- 
ence, 1922 

Finckh, Elsie, 1925 

Hersch, Orville, and Mabel, 

Kline. Alvin. 1926 

Wampler, Xelie, 1922 

Dayton, Va. 

Early, H. C. and Emma. 
In Pastoral Service 

Bowman, Price, and Elsie, 
Bassett, Va., 1925 

Eby, E. H., and Emma, 3503 
St. Joseph Ave., St. Jo- 
seph. Mo., 1927 

Fahnestock, Rev., and Mrs. 
S. G., 1105 Haight Ave., 
Portland, Ore., 1927 

Haney, R. A., and Irva. 
Lonaconing, Md., 1925 

Horner, W. J., and Hazel. 
3122 Ellis Ave.. Fort 
Worth, Texas, 1920 

Rohrer, Ferdie. and Pearl. 
Jefferson. N. C. 1927 

Royer, Naomi. 1059 Michigan 
Ave.. Portland Ore., 1927 

Showalter, R. K., and Flor- 
ence, Rosepine, La., 1926 

White, Ralph, and Matie. 
1206 E. Holston Ave., 
Johnson City, Tenn., 1923 
In Evangelistic Service 

Smith, Rev., and Mrs. S. Z., 
Sidney, Ohio 


Spanhusvagen 38, M a 1 m b, 

Graybill, T. F., and Alice, 

Buckingham, Ida, 1913 
Liao Chow, Shansi, China 
Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 
Senger, Nettie M., 1916 
Shock, Laura J., 1916 
Peking, China 

c /i No. China Language School 
Coffman, Dr. Carl, 1921. and 
Lulu, 1919 
Ping Ting Chow, Shansi, China 
Crumpacker, F. H., 1908 
Flory, Edna R., 1917 
Metzger, Minerva, 1910 
Schaeffer, Mary, 1917 
Show Yang, Shansi, China 
Xeher, Minneva T., 1924 
Ulery, Ruth F.. 1926 
T'ung Chow, Chihli, China 
Flory. Byron M., and Nora, 

Heisey, Walter J., and Sue, 

Oberholtzer, I. E., and 

Elizabeth. 1916 
Seese. Norman A., and Anna, 

On Furlough 

Baker, Elizabeth. 426 E. 51st 

St., Chicago, 111. 
Bright. J. Homer, and Min- 
nie, 3435 Van Huren St., 

Chicago, 111.. 1911 
Brubaker, L. S.. and Marie, 

La Verne, Calif., 1924 
Clapper, V. Grace. 3435 Van 

Buren St., Chicago, 111.. 

Cline, Mary E.. Seth Low 

Hall, 106 Morningside 

Drive, New York City. 1920 
Crumpacker. Anna. McPher- 

son, Kans.. 1908 
Horning, Dr. D. L., and 

Martha. 113 6 Michigan 

Ave., Topeka, Kans., 1919 
Horning, Emma. 400 So. Ho- 

man Ave., Chicago, 111., 

Hutchison, Anna, Easton, 

Md., 1911 
Ikenberry, E. L., and Olivia. 

3343 Whitney Ave.. Mt. 

Carmel, Conn.. 1922 
Myers, Minor M.. and Sara, 

Bridgewater, Va.. 1919 
Smith, W. Harlan, and 

Frances. 3435 Van Buren 

St., Chicago, 111., 1920 
Sollenberger, O. C. and 

Hazel, ( "r J. W. Coppock. 

Tippecanoe City, Ohio, 1919 
Vaniman, Ernest D.. and 

Susie. La Verne. Calif.. 1913 
Wampler, Dr. Fred J., and 

Rebecca, Accomac, Va., 


Garkida, Nigeria, West Afri- 
can, via Jos 

Flohr, Earl W., and Ella, 

Gibbel. Dr. L Paul, and 
Verda. 1926 

Harper, Clara. 1926 

Helser, Albert D., 1922. and 
Lola. 1923 

Robertson. Dr. Russell L., 
and Bertha C. 1927 

Shisler, Sara, 1926 
Dille, via Jos and Maiduguri, 
Nigeria, West Africa 

Burke, Dr. Homer L., and 
Marguerite. 1923 

Kulp. H. Stover, 1922, and 
Christina, 1927 
On Furlough 

Mallott, Floyd, and Ruth. 
No. Manchester, Ind., 1924 

Heckman. Clarence C, and 
Lucile, Polo, 111., 1924 

Beahm. Wm. M., and Es- 
ther, Elgin, 111.. % Gen- 
eral Mission Board 
Ahwa, Dangs, India 

Butterbaugh. A. G., and 
Bertha. 1919 

Garner, H. P., and Kathrvn, 
Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 

Grisso Lillian, 1917 

Long, I. S., and Effie. 1903 
Moomaw. I. \V. f and Mabel, 

Stoner. Susan L.. 1927 
Woods. Beulah, 1924 
Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 
Blickenstaff, Verna M., 1919 
Cottrell, Dr. A. R., and 

Laura. 1913 
Mohler. Jennie, 1916 
Shumaker. Ida C, 1910 

Dahanu Road, Thana Dist., 

Ebbert. Ella, 1917 
Metzger, Dr. Ida. 1925 
Nickev. Dr. Barbara M., 

Roop, Ethel, 1926 
Wolf, L. Mae, 1922 
Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Miller, Eliza B., 1900 
Vada, Thana Dist., India 
Brumbaugh. Anna B., 1919 
Ebey, Adam, and Alice, 1900 
Kaylor, John I., 1911, and 

Ina, 1921 
Swartz. Goldie E., 1916 
Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Alley, Howard L., and Hat- 
tie, 1917 
Post Umalla, via Anklesvar, 

Miller, Arthur S. B.. and 

Jennie, 1919 
Ziegler. Kathrvn. 1908 
Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 
Brooks, Harlan J.,and Ruth, 

Mow, Anetta, 1917 
Burjor Bag, Lunsikui, Nav- 
sare, India 

Mow. Baxter M., and Anna, 

On Furlough 

Blickenstaff. Lynn A., and 

Marv. 129 Orange Ave., 

Long Beach. Calif., 1920 
Blough. J. M., and Anna, 

1309 Franklin, Tohn-stown, 

Pa., 1903 
Hollenberg, Fred M.. and 

Nora. 3435 Van Buren St., 

Chicago. 111.. 1919 
Kintner. Elizabeth, Nev, 

Ohio, 1919 
Lichty, D. L, 1902. and 

Anna. 1912. Trotwood. Ohio 
Miller. Sadie J., R. F. D., 

Waterloo. Iowa, 1903 
Rover, B. Marv, Richland, 

Pa., 1913 
Shickel, Elsie N., 2211 Orange 

Ave. N. W., Roanoke, Va., 

Shull. Chalmer. and Mary, 

3435 Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago. 111.. 1919 
Summer. B. F.. and Nettie, 

3435 Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago. 111.. 1919 
Wagoner. T. E.. and Ellen. 

North Manchester, Ind., 

Widdowson, Olive. Penn 

Run. Pa.. 1912 

Please Notice. — Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 


The above is the " theme " for the 1928 Conference 
Budget campaign if such a matter-of-fact thing as money- 
raising can have a theme. Every member in every con- 
gregation taking a part in raising $389,000 authorized by 
Hershey Conference in 1927 to be used this year by the 
general boards in their work means each one " sharing in 
our common task." 

The Church Functions 

The Mission Board functions in home and foreign 
missionary work with 145 missionaries; the Sunday 
School Board in religious education ; the Ministerial Board 
in the supply and direction of the ministry; the Educa- 
tion Board in church-centered higher education; the 
Welfare Board in propagation of the ideals that distinguish 
our church; the Music Committee in development of bet- 
ter music; further, in assistance to world distribution of 
the Scriptures through the American Bible Society. 

Your Congregation Should Function 

Besides your local interests under the leadership of 
elder or pastor, a well-rounded program demands a right 
" share " in the national interests as outlined above. Just 
as your church knows what it will cost for minister, jani- 
tor, fuel, and light for a year, it is expected that your 
council will determine about what part it will take in the 
Annual Conference Budget. 

THE CAMPAIGN IS ON NOW! Your treasurer 
and pastor or elder have received important plans. More 
is following. Talk to them about it. Pray for its success 
that the Lord's Kingdom interests may not lag. 

Council of Promotion 

Church of the Brethren 

J. W. Lear, General Director 
Elgin, Illinois 

(Representing by agreement all the Boards and interests in the Budget, organized 
to promote the 1928 campaign.) 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Vol. XXX 

MAY, 1928 

Xo. 5 



Honest Heirs 129 

Go After Your Mission Money 129 

The Trial and Error Method 130 

April Meeting of the General Mission Board 131 

Contributed Articles 

The Bulsar Cooperative Bank, L. A. Blickenstaff 133 
Messengers of Friendship to Mexican Children 

Sidney Gulick 136 

First Impressions of India, Susan Stoner 137 

Opportunities for Volunteers in the South, Foster 

M. Bittinger 138 

Raimal Writes a Letter 140 

Missionary Project Workers 140 

India, Jennie E. Mohler 141 

China — February 141 

Africa, Lola Helser 142 

Our Workers' Corner 

Missionary News 143 

What Is My Share of the Missionary Enterprise? 146 

The Women's Department 

Women and Stewardship 147 

Missionary Projects of Aid Societies, Church of 

the Brethren _J48 

Missionary Mother's Day 148 

Birthdays of Our Women Missionaries 148 

The Junior Missionary 
Spring in Moccasins (Poem), Adaline Holf Beery 150 

By the Evening Lamp 151 

Nuts to Crack 151 

Financial Report 152 



A maiden lad}- died, leaving an estate to 
her brothers and sisters. She had been an 
enthusiastic supporter of missions. She 
intended to make a will or give an endow- 
ment to missions. As she was not old there 
seemed no urgency and the matter was 
put off until the manner in which she 
should do it seemed more clear. Then a 
brief illness and death. Her estate was set- 
tled and her heirs, believing that she in- 
tended the church to receive generously 
from her estate, voluntarily gave a portion 
to the General Mission Board. In days 
when we hear of wills being broken by 

heirs who object to missions receiving a 
portion, it is refreshing to learn of heirs 
executing an unwritten will. 


Said he : " If the mission cause is to be 
adequately financed the General Mission 
Board will have to go out after its money 
like everybody does these days." His words 
were not spoken in a pious way, but had a 
commercial tone. Indeed, must the Board 
of Missions, representing the very heart of 
the Gospel, now jostle with the intriguing, 
high-pressured, slick-tongued host of sales- 
men for silk stockings, vacuum cleaners, 
can openers, " good for what ails you " 
remedies and the well-nigh countless 
varieties of insurance? 

Impossible. The givers would never stand 
for it. The cost of raising the money would 
be too high. A large percentage of the 
gift would be used to pay the solicitor. It 
would not be right. The cause of missions 
is a matter of heart conviction. Spontane- 
ously, without high-pressure appeals, the 
Christian pours out his energy that God's 
children may have the Gospel. At least this 
is the theory and we believe it to be the 
truth in fact. 

Yet we behold the spectacle of empty 
church treasuries, and good Christian people 
distressed because they have pledged them- 
selves for the wares of the salesmen and now 
they cannot give for the spread of the 

"The Mission Board will have to go after 
its money " is probably more true than 
pleasing or right. But a solution has been 
found. The Every-Member Enlistment will 
help solve the problem. The General Mis- 
sion Board, in cooperation with the other 
boards in the Conference Budget, designates 
the second week in May as a time for 
solicitors in each congregation to see every 


The Missionary Visitor 




member, securing his gift in cash and 
pledges for the Conference Budget. Printed 
matter, helpful in conducting this solicita- 
tion, has been sent to every minister in 
charge of a church, to every treasurer of a 
congregation, and to all missionary com- 
mittees of record in the Elgin headquarters. 
It is honorable and Christlike to make a 
pledge for the church. Jesus, in his prayer 
to the Father, pledged to go to the cross 
if it were the Father's will. It is a sin to 
make pledges for all the necessities and 
luxuries of life and then decline to give a 
pledge for missions. 

This proposed every-member enlistment 
is the way by which the General Mission 
Board can actually go after the necessary, 
mission money, and yet there shall be no 
expense for solicitation. 


A farmer planted a field in wheat last fall. 
The hard winter froze it out and now he 
has replanted in oats. He lost all his seed 
and the labor of planting. If he could have 
foreseen and saved his seed! 

A minister preached a sermon on Christian 
living, but sent his hearers away critical and 
unhelped. His intentions were good, but he 
miscalculated his hearers and did not supply 
their need. 

A missionary went out and spent years in 
zealous evangelism, only to discover that the 
converts slipped back for want of Christian 
training. Then he decided that there must 
be Christian schools, which were straight- 
way established according to the best ideals 
of American education. The schools flour- 
ished, but eventually it was seen that they 
were not suited for the Indian culture and 
children were not properly fitted for life in 

A famine arose and a generous man's 
heart was touched and he poured from his 
horn of plenty, only to discover that he had 
overdone it and made paupers of people who 
succumbed to weakness and continued to 
whine, " Please give me more." 

A student volunteer was challenged with 
the ideal that he go to China and there 

become the missionary who would direct 
dozens of native Christians in evangelizing 
their countrymen. After years of hard ef- 
forts, when the Chinese Christians should 
have assumed the leadership they were un- 
prepared because he had always treated 
them as his inferiors in organization and 
they did not develop strength. 

For several years Annual Meeting has 
been approving a Conference Budget for 
general church work, larger than the con- 
gregations pay. The figure was continued in 
the hope that the members would be inspired 
to reach new heights. Now the resulting 
deficit seems to have discouraged more than 
it has inspired. 

Students in colleges were encouraged to 
volunteer for the mission field. At one time 
more than 500 had signed the pledge card. 
Now, with little money, few new missionaries 
can be sent and volunteers feel a sense of 
being misled to expect missionary service 
abroad when foresight should have seen that 
all could not go. 

Is the trial and error method the only way, 
or can we exercise a foresight that will 
eliminate the mistakes? We ought to de- 
velop skill of foresight which helps us to 
eliminate costly errors. The Psalmist tells 
us of God's dependability : 

" The law of Jehovah is perfect, restoring 
the soul : 

The testimony of Jehovah is sure, making 
wise the simple. 

The precepts of Jehovah are right, rejoic- 
ing the heart : 

The commandment of Jehovah is pure, en- 
lightening the eyes. 

The fear of Jehovah is clean, enduring 
forever : 

The ordinances of Jehovah are true, and 
righteous altogether. 

In keeping them there is great reward." 

Since God's Word is sure there are some 
things we can foresee, and it is the sacred 
duty of all Christian workers to strive to- 
ward definite attainments. It is possible 
to have a great volume of WORK, but no 
fruits worth the effort. God is not a 
magician to wave a wand and bless hap- 
hazard labors with luscious fruit. 


The Missionary Visitor 



But the trial and error method is neces- 
sary. By it progress is made. Truth can- 
not be discovered apart from experience. 
The baby makes many trials and errors in 
the process of learning to walk. The 
preacher learns by experience what type of 
sermons is the most helpful. If an educa- 
tional program for the church had been 
carefully worked out before ever starting 
in the field of education we might have 
located our colleges differently, but this was 
not possible. The trial and error method 
was necessary. The General Mission Board, 
with all the foresight possible, must still be 
partially dependent on making experiments. 
If they bring good results the Board feels 
justified in continuing along proven lines. 

The past is not without its errors. In a 
sense these are to be regretted. On the 
other hand, they are but stepping stones to 
progress. Without these experiences we 
would not be fitted to meet the problems of 


The Board met April 4, with Members A. 
P. Blough, Levi Garst, and J. B. Emmert. 
Neither Bro. Otho Winger nor H. H. Nye 
could be present, the former being in India 
at the time of the meeting. Bro. J. J. 
Yoder, former member of the Board, being 
in Elgin, was invited to sit with the Board 
and help with the discussions. 

Since the support of missionaries in the 
different foreign fields is not the same on 
account of varying costs of living, the Board 
made arrangements by which the support of 
missionaries on furlough would be the same, 
since the cost for one missionary is the same 
as another on furlough. 

The Board continued its committee in- 
vestigating the subject of our tract litera- 
ture, and asked them to present a plan of 
action at the next meeting. 

Bro. J. E. Miller was reelected as a mem- 
ber of the Gish Publishing Committee. 

On account of the financial shortage in 
mission funds, the Board reconsidered its 
1928-29 budget, which includes $15,000 for 
Ministerial Relief, -$10,000 for church exten- 

sion, and $2,000 for the Student Loan Fund. 
The money which was to have gone into 
these funds will now be turned into the 
World-Wide Mission Fund. As there is 
sufficient Ministerial Relief money to care 
for the needs for some little time to come, 
and there is no urgent need for the Student 
Loan Fund under present conditions, and as 
the building of new churches must be 
secondary to the carrying on of the existing 
programs of activity, the Board felt it 
expedient to make this decision. 

The question of the future of the Mis- 
sionary Visitor was discussed. Since the 
Visitor costs over $8,000 annually and is 
given free to donors of $4 or more for mis- 
sions, the value of this expenditure was 
discussed. No action was taken, as the 
matter was referred to the next meeting of 
the Board. 

In the light of the financial shortage, de- 
cision was made to send no new workers to 
the foreign field this year. 

The India mission field, which has the 
heaviest mission program of any of our 
foreign fields, is being informed of the latest 
development of the financial situation, and 
the workers there are requested to system- 
atically reduce their expenditures for the 
present year as far as possible. The workers 
are in splendid sympathy with the Board's 
financial problems, but we do not want them 
to be forced to suffer great losses in their 
work by too drastic a cut in their program. 

Inasmuch as four families of missionaries 
with small children in China have been de- 
tained away from our mission stations and 
unable to pass through military lines to 
reach their work, they have been invited to 
return to America. The four families re- 
ferred to are those of Brethren N. A. Seese, 
W. J. Heisey, B. M. Flory, and I. E. Ober- 
holtzer. The future of the situation in China 
is such that the Board cannot forecast when 
the disturbed condition will be cleared. 
These faithful workers have tried by various 
means to take up their appointed work. The 
Board feels that the uncertainty of adequate 
food supply for small children, and safety 
for them under the present reign of revolu- 
tion in China, justifies the return of these 


The Missionary Visitor 




families to America. They would have been 
invited home sooner had not the Board held 
out a hope that the situation would grow 
more nearly normal by this time. Ten 
workers are now at our mission stations, but 
no small children are with them. 

In the light of the splendid work done by 
Orville Hersch in the Greene County School, 
and our inability to send new workers to 
Africa this year, his resignation as appointee 
to Africa was accepted. Bro. Hersch will 
continue at Greene County. 

The Board approved the principle of dis- 
avowing military protection for China mis- 
sionaries. Many missionaries in China have 
been protected by the use of American gun- 
boats and military forces, a principle which 
is in direct opposition to the Gospel of Jesus 
Christ. Many missionaries feel that they 
cannot succeed in their spiritual work until 
they renounce all rights or desire for such 
military protection. Our Board expressed 
approval of this principle, but is not com- 
mitting any missionary to this status, as each 
worker has the privilege of expressing his 
own desire in this matter. 

Missionaries from China, now in America 
on furlough, due to return to the field, are 
prevented from going. These workers have 
been under the support of the Board during 
their normal furlough periods. The Board 
is now asking that missionaries due to re- 
turn to China, but unable to do so, should 
secure positions here until such a time as 
their return is expedient. Undoubtedly 
some of these missionaries can profitably 
assume pastorates. The missionary women 
in some cases could be used to good ad- 
vantage in large churches where pastors 
need assistants. 

Bro. B. F. Summer and wife, who are now 
on furlough, were authorized to return to 

The resignation of Brother and Sister 
Fred Hollenberg from India was accepted 
with a vote of appreciation for their past 

The Board at a previous meeting author- 
ized a deputation, composed of Secretary 
Chas. D. Bonsack and Elder J. B. Emmert, 
a member of the Board to act as a deputa- 

tion to Africa this fall. The Board feels the 
necessity of maintaining a personal touch 
with the foreign fields for which it is re- 
sponsible. The Africa missionaries, not hav- 
ing had previous experience as missionaries, 
feel that the Board, which employs them, 
should have representatives from the home 
force to help them lay out their plans for 
the years to come. The deputations to other 
fields in past years have been criticized by 
some in the church who do not understand 
the need of members of the home Board 
having personal contact on the field. In the 
light of this situation and the present finan- 
cial shortage, the Board hesitates to make 
the expenditure of funds necessary for a 
deputation unless there is a good under- 
standing on the part of the home church. 
For this reason the question of the deputa- 
tion will be brought to the attention of the 
Standing Committee at the coming La Verne 

The Board approved Bro. Clarence Heck- 
man's taking a month's course in weaving and 
spinning in London, en route to Africa this 
fall. Bro. Heckman is responsible for the 
industrial work in Africa. The Bura people 
raise cotton and it is quite important that 
Bro. Heckman be able to make valuable con- 
tributions in the development of their indus- 
trial work. As Bro. Heckman will pass 
through England en route, there will be no 
extra expense in transportation. 

The Home Department of the Board was 
authorized to employ five summer workers. 
This is a reduction of a previous allowance 
for this work. 

As only three members of the Board of 
five were present, a number of very im- 
portant matters were deferred to the next 
meeting at La Verne, when it is hoped to 
have a full membership of the Board present. 
A number of missionaries were present in 
this meeting and made helpful contributions. 
Those present were Brother and Sister Wil- 
liam Beahm and Clarence Heckman from 
Africa; Brother and Sister J. Homer Bright, 
Harlan Smith, Winnie Cripe, Emma Horn- 
ing, and Elizabeth Baker from China ; Chal- 
mer Shull and B. F. Summer from India. — ■ 
H. S. M. 


The Missionary Visitor 



The Bulsar Co-operative Bank 

Treasurer, the India Mission 

THERE is nothing so cheering in any 
project as to see those whom one 
desires to see progress, as to find 
them making an honest effort to help them- 
selves. And undoubtedly the greatest if not 
the only lasting economical service Chris- 
tianity can give to any people is to help 
folks to help themselves. Missions have 
found out and are finding more and more 
that handing out gifts, without fixing upon 
the recipient some definite obligation, only 
plunges a poor man into a more distressing 
condition. But when a man is encouraged 
to stand alone and is shown a way to do so, 
the result is more gratifying, and it is re- 
freshing to see how temporary props can 
be gradually removed and the man continue 
to develop legs of sufficient strength to carry 
him in an upright position. In order to 
supply just this sort of assistance, the Bulsar 
Christian Cooperative Bank or Society was 
organized. The mission furnished no capital 
stock, but made a substantial deposit on 
which the bank paid 6 r /c interest. How sat- 

isfactory it is to report that the entire 
deposit has been repaid with full interest 
and after five years the society is in a flour- 
ishing condition, standing entirely independ- 
ent of mission support. At the time of or- 
ganization and for some years afterward the 
mission made a very definite contribution 
toward the management of the society. 
This, too, was gradually withdrawn, and 
after four years the small but strong in- 
stitution is managed by a board of directors 
consisting entirely of Indians, all of whom 
were trained for their important positions. 
It is worthy of note that none of the mem- 
bers of the board had previous experience 
on boards of directors for like institutions. 
This society has nearly 100 shareholders, a 
large majority being heads of families. Al- 
most without exception each one has been 
assisted in buying land, building houses, pur- 
chasing cattle, carts, grain, seed, fertilizer, 
and in paying off old debts. 

Rates of interest range in India from 10 to 
500 per cent per year, and in some cases to 

THE FUNDS FOR CONSTRUCTION of this house were furnished by the Bulsar 
Christian Cooperative Bank. A mortgage was taken to secure the money. The amount 
has all been repaid with interest. The owner occupies the building. 


The Missionary Visitor 




THIS HOUSE BELONGS TO AN ELDER in the Church and was possible with the 
aid of the Bulsar Christian Cooperative Bank. 

He does not occupy the property and will not for years, if ever. It is entirely rented 
and the income goes toward the liquidation of the debt to the Cooperative Bank. The 
bank holds a mortgage on this and practically all other real property on which they 
extend credit. 

A HOUSE IN COURSE OF CONSTRUCTION, the owner of which is a building 
contractor. He has secured a loan from the Bulsar Christian Cooperative Credit Bank 
of Rs. 1,000 to assist him in financing this building project. The contractor is a fine 
Christian, a deacon in the church. He lives in a very small house and most likely will 
never occupy this fine home himself. He will sell to others more able to occupy such 
a home, or he will rent the house for a very fair return on his investment. 

In fairness it should be pointed out that this house is not as expensive as it appears. 


The Missionary Visitor 



A GENERAL VIEW OF SOME 22 HOUSES built by the Indian Mission and resold 
to worthy Christians on easy terms. 

Title to the property remains in the name of the General Mission Board, Elgin, until 
such time as payment in full is made. Deeds already have been delivered for several 
of these houses. 

even more unreasonable rates. Seventy-five 
to 150 per cent is not unusual. This society 
charges 9%, pays 6% on deposits and has • 
earned nearly 30%, and pays 9% as a divi- 
dend to shareholders. A substantial surplus 
has been accumulated. 

In another project, the mission has ren- 
dered valuable economic assistance to 
worthy Christians, by purchasing land, sub- 
dividing it and reselling to Christians on 
easy deferred payments. Six per cent in- 
terest is paid on these contracts. To people 
accustomed to paying exorbitant rates of in- 
terest, 6% seems too reasonable to be true. 
Half astonished parties to contracts have 
asked if some error has not been made in 
calculation when they were told the amount 
•of interest due. Up to the present time the 
India Mission has assisted more than 75 
heads of families, members of the Indian 
church, to purchase land, and now plans are 
being perfected to extend the system to 
many others whose only hope of any degree 

of independence lies in such assistance as is 
provided by the mission. With a very few 
exceptions, payments are made according to 
contract, and it is most encouraging to see 
a very marked improvement in the houses 
which were already on the land or in those 
afterward constructed by the purchaser. 

It is a long look ahead to the time when 
the Indian people will realize any satis- 
factory degree of economic independence. 
But it is certain that none of the commu- 
nities of India has made such certain pro- 
gress toward economic liberty as the Chris- 
tian community. Christianity should and 
does mean an all-round uplift, advancement, 
and improvement, and nothing so inspires 
an Indian to better living, morally, spirit- 
ually, and economically than to see within 
himself a growing possibility of economic 
freedom. No agency anywhere is doing as 
much to create and cultivate a desire for 
better living as Christianity, as manifested 
in its missionary projects. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Messengers of Friendship to Mexican Children 


THOUSANDS of young people had 
wonderful fun last winter in dressing 
and sending to Japan 12,739 beautiful 
" Doll Messengers of Friendship." These 
messengers were welcomed by millions of 
Japanese children in schools, at official re- 
ceptions, in which mayors, governors, princes 
and princesses took part, and at railway 
stations, steamship wharves, and scores of 
huge department stores. 

" Miss America " and her 48 State sisters 
were given many special welcomes. In ad- 
dition to all the rest of their entertainment, 
they were received and spent an entire week 
at the imperial palace. When they left, the 
empress presented each little messenger with 
a toy and also donated a doll palace for 
their permanent home. This palace, enclosed 
in a great glass case, is in the Imperial Edu- 
cational Museum in Tokyo, where for dec- 
ades to come the dolls will continue to tell 
their story of America's friendship gesture 
and Japan's response. 

The rest of the 12,739 little messengers 
have found their homes each in a separate 
primary school or kindergarten. Every doll 
festival day they will come out of their show 
cases, say " Mama," roll their eyes, and be 
hugged by new generations of Japanese 
school-children. "Thank-you letters," photo- 
graphs and art work have been coming by 
the thousands to the senders of the friend- 
ship dolls. Thus waves of good-will have 
been rolling back and forth over the Pacific. 

But this is not the end of the story. To 
let the American people know how happy 
they have been to hear the voices and to 
learn the stories told by the American 
" Messengers of Friendship," 2,610,000 Jap- 
anese school-children have joined their 
pennies and have sent to America 58 superb 
" Doll Ambassadors of Good-Will." These 
dolls have wardrobes of silk kimonos, beau- 
tiful jet black lacquer chests of drawers, 
trunks and study desks and special station- 
ery. The dresses and possessions of several 
of the more important dolls are marked with 
their own family crests. They came to 


share in our Christmas festivities. After 
attending many receptions in Washington 
and New York, the little ambassadors will 
separate into many parties to tour our coun- 
try. Communities and even individual 
schools which desire to see them and give 
them welcome receptions may communicate 
with the Committee on World Friendship 
Among Children,* which has charge of the 

New plans have recently been announced 
by the Committee on World Friendship 
Among Children. The new adventure is 
with Mexico. The plan is to send " Friend- 
ship School Bags " for boys and girls in the 
schools of our neighbor to the south. Each 
bag will contain articles of interest and 
help in the life of school children. The 
Mexican vice-minister of education has ap- 
proved the project and will distribute the 
bags in the schools, of which there are 
about 15,000, with 1,250,000 pupils. 

The bags, which will be made of durable 
fabrikoid, decorated with a beautiful design, 
are to be especially manufactured for the 
committee. The school or group participat- 
ing in the project will add certain articles 
to be made or bought and will send the bag 
by parcel post direct to Mexico City. The 
bags will be officially distributed in the 
schools on Mexico's Independence Day, Sept. 
16, 1928, which is universally observed in the 
public schools. The project may be under- 
taken and the bags sent to Mexico at any 
time between January and July, 1928, ac- 
cording to the convenience of American 
schools and communities. 

Now that our ambassadors, Dwight W. 
Morrow and Charles A. Lindbergh, have 
started a new spirit in Mexican-American 
relations, these plans for Friendship School 
Bags give fine opportunity for scores of 
thousands of our young people to have a 

* This committee was instituted in 1925 by the 
Commission on International Justice and Good-will 
of the Federal Council of Churches, of which the 
Rev. S. Parkes Cadman is president. The chairman 
of the Children's Friendship Committee is Mrs. 
Henry W. Peabody. 


The Missionary Visitor 



concrete and practical part in carrying for- 
ward the good-will spirit. 

Groups of every kind, of young people and 
children, are invited to have a share in this 
adventure in international fun and friend- 
ship. Classes in public schools, Sunday- 
schools — in fact all kinds of groups and 
organizations are invited to share in the fun. 
It is hoped that each group will send two 
bags so that there will be equal numbers 
for boys and girls. A pamphlet giving de- 
tailed instructions and suggestions has been 
prepared and will be sent free (send a stamp 

to cover postage) to those who desire to 
share in the project. No one should begin 
work on this enterprise before the pamphlet 
has been secured from the Committee on 
World Friendship Among Children, 289 
Fourth Avenue, New York. 

The project aims to cultivate in American 
boys and girls an increased appreciation of 
and good-will toward the Mexican people. 
Culminating on Mexico's Independence Day, 
it also aims to reveal to the Mexican peo- 
ple that there is a widespread feeling of 
sympathy among hosts of Americans for 
Mexico's struggle for a better national life. 

First Impressions of India 

Missionary to India 

ONE who comes from the West to the usually well-beaten 
East, with all the differences in cus- 
tom existing between the orient and 

the Occident, receives many new impressions. 
These at first stand out quite vividly, but 
as one becomes used to them they seem 
quite matter-of-fact. However, here fol- 
low a few unrelated statements of the 
writer's early impressions received during 
the first six weeks in India. 

One of the first surprises to me was the 
fact that Bombay was located on a long, 
peninsular island. As a gateway to the East, 
the city was teeming with business. The 
residential section, with its many red-roofed 
and whitewashed houses, surrounded by 
green palm trees, reminded me of familiar 
scenes in Southern California. However, I 
have learned since then that one cannot 
judge all of India by what one sees in a 
limited environment, and especially by that 
which is found in cities largely influenced 
by Europeans. The thatched-roof huts with 
their dirt floors and simple household equip- 
ment, such as are seen in the outlying vil- 
lages, reveal quite another picture. 

Coming to India in the fall of the year 
one sees it at its best as far as climate and 
crops are concerned. The rice fields — little, 
irregularly-shaped plots of ground separated 
by high ridges of dirt over which there are 

paths — make quite a 
pretty picture. 

A variety of fruit, such as the red, yellow 
and green bananas, the guava, pamolo, chiku, 
papaya, custard-apple or sitaful, tangerine 
and white lime, have all been tried and ap- 
proved to a more or less degree by the 

The first experiences in sleeping under a 
mosquito net, becoming acquainted with a 
dozen or more varieties of bugs and insects 
as they buzz around the lamp or lantern, 
or being greeted by the friendly lizard each 
evening as he darts out from his hiding 
place behind a picture on the wall to snap 
an insect — all help one to get acquainted 
with life in India. Then there comes one's 
first ride on the train (third class), on either 
a day or a night trip, or a ride in a victoria, 
tonga, or oxcart. Lanterns and canteens 
and bedding rolls are common necessities of 
travel equipment. The first trip to a native 
bazaar brings forth many reactions to the 
senses of sight, sound and smell. The little 
open-front shops have their goods displayed 
to the ready view of the passer-by, as well 
as to flies. The occasional sight of a leper 
sitting beside the road, begging, gives one 
a mingled feeling' of pity and repulsion. 

As the histories of the various stations 
were read at the Mission Conference, we 
recognized the untiring efforts of the early 


The Missionary Visitor 




missionaries who opened up the work, 
launched out on faith, and sowed the seed 
which in some places is just now bearing 
fruit. These foundations, were not entirely 
flawless, but on the whole they were basic. 
One sad note running throughout these 
histories was the disappointment in native 
leaders. There were many cases where a 
teacher or an evangelist, who was seemingly 
trustworthy and was trained to the point 
where he could really be of valuable service, 
would be found guilty of great sin and have 
to be removed from office. The work has 
suffered severely under such handicaps. 

Physical inconveniences and discomforts 
are a small matter to the missionary com- 
pared to the agonizing hours of concern in 
caring for the burden of souls, dealing with 
sin — largely dishonesty and immorality — 
and trying to act wisely for the welfare of 
both the individual and the work. Lest this 
picture seem too dark, I will gladly add that 
the staunch Christian character of a number 
of the members, as they meet temptations 
and suffer persecution from non-Christian 
relatives and friends, is indeed an encour- 
agement to the missionaries. 

I am greatly impressed with the tremen- 
dous task of each missionary, whether he or 

she be assigned particularly to the educa- 
tional, industrial, medical, or evangelistic 
phase of the work. Each worker has mani- 
fold opportunities for service far beyond 
that which he might meet in his own 
strength. The very nature of the work 
itself demands one's best, plus the resources 
of God's love, grace, wisdom, and strength. 

One of the greatest challenges that have 
come to me since I have been in India was 
presented by a Mohammedan who teaches 
English in the government school for boys 
at Vada. Just as Miss Swartz and I were 
about to leave his home, after a brief visit,, 
he said to me, " Now that you have felt 
the call of God to come out to India,- and 
have been sent out by your Missionary 
Society or Board, what message of good 
tidings can you bring me?" It was so 
direct and seemingly sincere that I confess 
I was a bit surprised. With a pra}^er on my 
heart, I gave my testimony of the love of 
God and the saving power of the Lord 
Jesus Christ. 

The meditative, religious folk of India 
present challenges which we cannot evade. 
Only by a sense of awareness to the leading 
of the Holy Spirit can we meet these great 

Opportunities for Volunteers in the South 


AS America was the land of opportu- 
nity for the oppressed of Europe, so 
has the South become the field of 
opportunity for the manufacturer and the 
investor. The South includes one-third of 
the total area of the United States and 
three-fifths of her coast line. It embraces 
40% of her forest resources, the largest gas 
fields known, a coal area twice that of all 
Europe, and 55 million acres of reclaimable 
land. It produces 60% of the world's cotton. 
Its exports amount to five times the value 
of those of the Pacific Coast States. It is 
on the verge of a great industrial develop- 
ment and offers prosperity to the home 

To the rural social and religious worker 
it also offers great opportunities. There are 

more people living in the rural communities 
in the South than in any other section of 
the United States. It is 72% rural today. 
There are 250 counties in its highland region 
known as " the backyards of eight southern 
States." Here sanitation is poor and epi- 
demics are frequent. No nurses, physicians, 
or hospitals are in reasonable reach. Pov- 
erty is common and severe. Illiteracy in one 
State is 23% for all males over 21 years of 
age. In the mountain sections it is much 
higher. Libraries are unknown. Schools are 
poor and roads are bad. But an awakening 
is coming. Will the church take advantage 
of this awakening movement and help these 
people find Christ? 

The churches of the South are almost 
entirely Protestant and predominately rural. 


The Missionary Visitor 





Yet only 28% of the rural population are 
members of some church. One community 
in seven does not have a church. For every 
seven active churches there is an abandoned 
one. Church programs are primarily preach- 
ing, and the circuit rider minister visits the 
church only once or twice a month and 
then stops only long enough to preach. 
Sunday-school lessons are taught in a life- 
less way. Scholars are given no other 
activities to absorb their interests and 
energies. As a result 3-oung people are not 
attracted or held. The church holds only 
37% of her converts. Absence of adequate 
leadership has caused the paralysis of the 
southern rural church. 

The solution is a resident, capable, and 
consecrated leadership, and larger churches. 

Of the churches with a membership under 
fifty, 75% are losing ground, while of those 
with a membership over one hundred 80% 
are gaining. Therefore, the smaller church 
must be built up and given a stronger pro- 
gram. It must be built up by a greater 
and better evangelism, by a program of 
religious education to hold the converts, 
better sanitation to give the people the 
health which is lacking, better roads to 
make church attendance possible, and con- 
solidation in some cases practicable. This 
must be a part of the church program if 
she is to save herself. 

Only permanent resident leadership can 
do this. Such leadership only can under- 
stand these people and gain their confidence 
completely, train young converts, provide a 
consistent year-round program, wield a 
telling influence in community welfare work, 
lift youth with understanding sympathy and 
patience to higher planes of living, and 
supply the shepherding care needed to keep 
older ones on right paths which are so dif- 
ferent from those they have been traveling. 

How necessary this is, an illustration will 
show. At a certain point in one of our 
mountain pastorates was a man known for 
the illegal manufacture and consumption of 
liquors, and general lawlessness. He had 
broken up several church services and driven 
from the community most of the good peo- 
ple, including his own parents. We tried 

to be a friend to him, and after months of 
struggle he became a Christian. Then some 
of his family followed his example. He 
became a law-abiding citizen and he and his 
eldest son began work on a sawmill. That 
family became good supporters of the 
church in that community and remained so 
during the remaining years of our stay 
there. But his struggle was hard. Often 
he told of how old friends would tempt him 
to drink and try his temper, for that, too, 
was one of his big struggles. Our talks and 
prayers would strengthen him. He was 
growing stronger. Then we left and went 
back to school. Within a year we got the 
news that he was again drinking, and in a 
drunken fit of rage he had shot one of his 
neighbors dead. He will spend the rest 
of his life in the penitentiary and his family 
will likely grow up into fatherless, lawless 
citizens without the church, for still no one 
is working that community. They, I think, 
have had no preaching service or Sunday- 
school for over two years. 

Young Brethren Volunteers, does this not 
present a challenge to you? You are 
young. You can easily adapt yourself. You 
can build a church and community welfare 
program that will bring the " more abundant 
life" to many. Will you? 

Browntown. Ya. 


Many members for occupational reasons 
are prevented from living within the boun- 
daries of a local congregation. The mis- 
sionary appeal that comes to the congrega- 
tions does not reach isolated members ex- 
cept by the printed page. During the sec- 
ond week in May a large number of the 
churches will be having an every-member 
solicitation for the Conference Offering. 
Some will receive pledges to be paid 
throughout the coming year. We extend 
this notice to all members to make your 
contribution direct through the church 
where you hold your membership or direct 
to The Council of Promotion, Elgin. 111. 
If you send it direct to Elgin give the name 
of your local church and it will receive credit. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Raimal Writes a Letter 

RAIMAL SHIVALAL (marked X) with five recent 
converts in his village. The old man with the white 
turban in the back row standing second from the 
left is Raimal's father. 

This picture was taken quite recently while the 
letter was written more than a year ago. Raimal 
has proven himself a faithful witness and the picture 
shows others who have been led to Christ. 

Note: This is a literal translation of a Gujarati 
letter written by one of our Vali boarding boys while 
at home during his summer vacation to his mis- 
sionary teacher. The translation from Gujarati into 
English was made by one of our Indian girls who 
has studied English. From the Church of the 
Brethren Mission to India. 

Most respected Saheb at Vali : 

Moreover, accept humble greetings from 
a student of fifth standard, namely, Raimal 
Shivalal. Some men from my village want 
to become Christian, therefore please be 
kind to baptize thenn so that our village may 
be reformed. It is my prayer that my vil- 
lage may be happy in the future. If two 
or three men will be baptized, then seeing 
them the others will be baptized also, and I 
hope that they will enter in our true re- 
ligion. When I came on vacation I read 
from my Bible and people came to hear, 
and I also explained to them. I read before 
them the 115th Psalm and explained to them 
as the Lord gave me understanding, without 
shame and with boldness without confusion. 
They also bore witness that the Christian 
religion is a true religion and that they 
worship idols and spend money after them, 
but do not get any profit. I am very glad 
that some men are considering to give up 
the drinking of liquor. And I know that 
gradually the liquor will be destroyed and 
the men will come in our religion. 

When I came on vacation many tempta- 

tions came to me, but I asked help from the 
Lord and he removed the temptation from 
me. Some men told me to drink liquor, but 
I did not drink it. They tempted me to 
smoke bidi, but I explained to them that I 
have abandoned drinking liquor and smok- 
ing bidi, so you also abandon it and worship 
the Lord, who is a true Teacher, and he will 
always cure your diseases. 

Yet I have not so much understanding 
that I can answer all their questions, but I 
explain to them as much as the Lord gives 
me. They are so eager that they themselves 
come to me to hear, and I tell them some 
stories from the Bible, such as the giving 
the sight to the blind, and I explain to them 
such other stories. May God give me 
understanding to explain to them, and may 
the Lord send his Holy Spirit on these re- 
penting men. 

I am your obedient student, 

Sanklia. Raimal Shivalal. 


Enrollments for the 1928 Missionary 
Projects by the children and young people. 
The former are providing money for the 
India Medical Work and the latter for the 
India Evangelistic Efforts. These enroll- 
ments were received by the General Mission 
Board, Elgin, 111., from March 13 to April 
10. Many more groups of workers are 
needed. ' Previous enrollments were pub- 
lished in the April Visitor. 

Congregation J. C. L. B. Y. P. D. 
Northern California 
Reedley 12 

Northern Illinois 

Lanark 40 

Milledgeville 15 

Shannon 11 

Southern Illinois 

Springfield 18 

Woodland 30 

Middle Indiana 

Pleasant View 30 

Spring Creek 20 

Northern Indiana 

Nappanee 45 

South Bend (First) 25 

Southern Indiana 

Anderson 25 

White 15 

Middle Iowa 

Garrison 13 15 

Northern Iowa and Minnesota 
Spring Creek ...18 

(Continued on Page 159) 



The Missionary Visitor 



Jennie E. Mohler 

For the first time in fourteen years Bulsar 
and surrounding villages are infected with 
bubonic plague, and in a virulent form. 
About ninety per cent of the cases have 
proved fatal and most of them in only a 
few days' time. The plague has spread to 
surrounding villages and has come near the 
mission. Some dead rats were found in 
buildings occupied by the boys' school and 
hostel, and also in the buildings occupied 
by the Widows' Home. The boys were 
moved out into the Bible School buildings 
which were not in use at the time for 
Bible School, and the widows were moved 
into some of the hospital rooms, temporarily. 
Recently the boys were given their regular 
annual examinations and school closed for 
the summer vacation, though about two 
months early. All the boys who had homes 
were sent there, and only a few remain. 
Provisions are being made to take care of 
those elsewhere. A few weeks ago one of 
our Christian women died of the plague. 
She was the mother of three children. She 
had not taken the antitoxin which most of 
them had used. At the present another 
Christian, the mother of three children, is 
very low of the same disease and pneumonia 
combined, her recovery being very doubtful. 
She had been inoculated against it, or she 
would not have survived until the present 
time. Many of the people have moved out 
of the bazar into grass huts built along the 
road sides and in open fields, to escape the 
rats which carry the disease. Some of the 
Christian people also have moved out of 
their homes. People from other towns and 
railway stations are afraid to come to Bulsar 
because of the plague, so the number of 
cases in the dispensary from outside towns 
is less. Up to date almost 1,000 persons have 
been inoculated here in our dispensary 
against it, and others are still coming. The 
railway and government doctors also have 
inoculated large numbers of people. We are 
almost entirely surrounded by the disease 
and yet we do not fear. We have done all 
we know to do as prophylaxis, so we leave 
the results to Him. Last year it was small- 
pox, and we were all spared from infection. 
Government supplies vaccines for these dis- 
eases, which can be had for a nominal cost. 
Most of the Christian people came and took 
it on the announcement that it was available, 
without any urging. 

In January the Girls' Boarding-School at 
Khergam celebrated its first birthday with a 
program of thanksgiving and celebrations 
suitable to the occasion. This work has 
grown and prospered beyond expectations, 
and is met with approval by most of the 
people for whom it is intended in the terri- 
tory in which it is located. We expect great 

results from the work in this school and the 
corresponding boys' school at Wankel, only 
six miles distant. The Christians in the 
Khergam District are now asking that they 
be allowed to form a separate church or- 
ganization and be independent financially as 
well as otherwise. This is one request that 
is to go up to District Meeting for permis- 


The committees of Indian men who have 
been given responsibility of management of 
the Bulsar and Wankel boys' schools are 
proving their ability to manage what has 
been given them to do. There is a separate 
committee for each school, and both are 
much concerned and feel their responsibility. 
They have had the management of these 
schools for about three months and have 
proved in that time the wisdom of giving 
them over into their hands. They are all 
capable men and we feel the schools will 
make progress in their hands. They are 
trying to devise ways and means of econ- 
omizing in finances as well as to improve in 
efficiency in the teaching and the hostel 


Brethren Oberholtzer and Heisey, together 
wth some of our American Board friends, 
are making another attempt to get into 
Shansi. Today's mail (March 10) brings 
word that they left the railroad this side of 
Shihchiachuang and are attempting to go 
across country from there. It will be a long, 
hard trip, but they will likely succeed if 
they are not held up when they reach the 
Fengtien-Shansi lines. 

We were all saddened last week by the 
passing of Liu Fu Jung. He was taken sick 
last October while attending Yenching Col- 
lege, with miliary T. B. He was our only 
college student and was to graduate in June. 
A simple but appropriate funeral was held 
for him at Yenching and he was buried in 
the school cemetery. He was unusually 
capable and well liked. We had counted 
much on his help during these reconstruction 
days, but God has called him to higher 

Miss Flory sends the following report of 
the work of the Pingting Hospital for 1927: 
The hospital was handicapped the past year 
because of a shortage of doctors. Dr. Horn- 
ing went on furlough in March. Dr. Chang 
also left about that time, his year being up. 
Dr. Hsu Wen Chih came to us the first of 
April and it was the intention to have two 
doctors in the Pingting Hospital last year, 
but when we foreigners were called out to 
the coast Dr. C. C. Wang also left, leaving 
Dr. Hsu all alone with the work. Dr. Hsu 
was called home twice. In July he was home 
several weeks because of his mother's illness, 


The Missionary Visitor 


and on the 23rd of September he was called 
home because of her death, and on account 
of bad railroad conditions he did not get 
back until the last of November. During 
that time Dr. Wang of Liao was with us 
about four weeks. Drs. Hsu and Coffman 
came in to Shansi together the last of 
November. Dr. Coffman was with us here 
until last week, when he went to Liao, where 
he expects to begin country work soon. 

In spite of this handicap the total number 
treated during the year was 9,096. Of these, 
1,363 were first calls in dispensary and 6.784 
were return calls ; 949 were regular patients 
in the hospital; 130 of them were surgical 

Since Jan. 1 to Feb. 12 we have had 8 
obstetric cases, two being Caesarian sections. 
Both made a remarkable recovery, notwith- 
standing both had active T. B. of the lungs. 

The four nurses who took the N. A. C. 
examinations passed. We had their gradu- 
ation exercises in January. They were very 
anxious to know if they had passed, for they 
thought that if one of them should fail he 
would lose a lot of "face." All of the juniors 
who took the first part of the N. A. C. ex- 
amination also passed. At present the 
Nurses' Training School has seven boy and 
four girl nurses. At a recent staff meeting 
it was decided to take on new nurses the 
first of August, three girls and one boy. 


Shou Yang 

The Annual Meeting of the Church of the 
Brethren in China was held at Shou Yang, 
Feb. 3 and 4. In spite of zero weather, there 
was a good attendance by all the delegates. 
A most splendid spirit pervaded the whole of 
the meeting, and it brought joy to the hearts 
of the missionaries present to see the zest 
and interest with which our Chinese breth- 
ren tackled and handled the business in 
hand. The day previous to the opening of 
the meeting proper was given over to meet- 
ings of the general committees, and they 
handled very important matters in a most 
creditable way. Some of our senior mis- 
sionaries remarked about the change which 
has come about in the Chinese church in the 
last few years. Formerly it was the mis- 
sionary who took the lead in the meetings ; 
it was the missionary who did most of the 
talking and who really decided things, but 
you would need only to have listened in on 
our Shou Yang meeting to realize that a 
■ new day is on in our mission. It is the 
Chinese who are wrestling with the problems 
now. It is they who are really shouldering 
the burden. The experiences of the past 
year have ushered in a new era. We praise 
God for it. Let us keep back of this young 
growing church which our prayers, money 

and life have planted here. Let us not be 
too disappointed if sometimes in her inex- 
perience she makes mistakes, or if some- 
times she may differ a bit from the ways 
of her mother church. 

The week Feb. 13-18 was observed as 
evangelistic week by our Shou Yang evan- 
gelists. It was a bit delayed, as evangelistic 
week proper came just at the time we were 
in the midst of our Annual Meeting. The 
delay cut down the number of volunteers, as 
the opening of school made it impossible for 
the teachers or students to assist in the work 
as they have in other years. The flu epi- 
demic further lessened our numbers, so that 
the actual number of women who were able 
to help in telling the Good News was only 
four to six each day, while among the men 
the number was smaller, yet having only one 
to four. In spite of the fact that our work- 
ers were few the women were able to touch 
ten villages during the week, besides getting 
into a number of the local homes. This year 
posters and pamphlets using the common 
Chinese couplets (which are pasted upon the 
door posts at the Chinese New Year to in- 
sure happiness and prosperity throughout 
the year) as subjects to teach the true 
source of happiness, peace, and prosperity, 
were used very effectively. 


Lola Helser 

The year closed with an enrollment of 
eighty-five in the boys' school. Due to some 
of the missionary staff being on furlough, 
the more advanced boys who have reached 
only the fifth grade need to be used in the 
teaching of many of the beginning classes. 
Considering their lack of experience and 
their short period of training they do com- 
mendable work. Some thirty of the school- 
boys are from across the river in territory 
which is as yet closed to the Gospel. Were 
it not for this splendid group of boys in 
school there would be no direct evangelistic 
effort in all that territory. 

January 6 was a day of rebirths and a 
birth at Garkida. On that day Jane Vena 
Robertson came to cheer the home of her 
parents. Nine splendid young men were 
received into the church by baptism after 
having received the usual course of instruc- 
tion. Some twenty other boys are looking 
forward to taking this step. The four boys 
who were baptized in June, 1927, have been 
faithfully trying to live and preach the 
Gospel. Two of the four are in Christian 
service at Dille. Two of the nine are at 
Gardemna and one at Dille. 

(Continued on Page 159) 



The Missionary Visitor 


The editor invites helpful contributions for this department of the Visitor 

Missionary News 

Russia Permits Bible Printing 

The Russian Soviet Government, which 
officially recognizes no religion and no God, 
has given permission to the All-Russian 
Evangelical Christian Union to print Bibles 
in the Russian language. (This was denied 
by previous Russian governments.) 

The Soviet government now gives a very 
nice piece of land in the heart of the city 
of Leningrad on which its native evangel- 
ical Christians may build a large Bible col- 
lege or institute, provided American Chris- 
tians will help them obtain sufficient money 
to erect the building within a specified time. 

An Indian Moderates District Meeting 

Bro. J. M. Blough. writing from India, tells 
of the spring mission conference held at 
Anklesvar. The meeting was to have been 
held at Bulsar, but on account of the 
severity of the plague, the meeting was 
moved to Anklesvar. 

He reports that Bro. Otho Winger, presi- 
dent of the General Mission Board, was with 
them and gave helpful, encouraging talks. 

An outstanding event of this meeting was 
the fact that Rev. Govindji Satvedi mod- 
erated the meeting. He is the first Indian 
to moderate a District meeting in our mis- 
sion. It is a landmark in history for which 
Bro. Blough writes, " We praise the Lord." 
Bro. Satvedi was an orphan, taken into the 
mission in the days of Bro. McCann, and has 
risen from a lowly state to a genuine Chris- 
tian leader. 

Famine in China 

The famine in China, due to three 3-ears 
of drouth and prolonged civil war and bad 
government, has brought 4,000,000 people in 
Western Shantung Province to the point of 
starvation. Nine-tenths of the population 

are reported to be eating unwholesome food 
substitutes. Men have abandoned their 
homes and gone to Manchuria in search of 
work. Children are being offered for sale ; 
boys of six selling, in some instances, for 
twelve silver dollars, the equivalent of $5, 
American money. 

As yet the Church of the Brethren has 
not established a relief campaign, but funds 
for relief will be received by the General 
Mission Board, Elgin, 111., and properly ad- 
ministered through channels that are being 

Sees Japan Becoming Christian 

"Japan is becoming a Christian nation, 
slowly but surely," says the Rev. T. T. 
Brumbaugh, missionary in the city of Sap- 
poro. " The final product may not be just 
like an American Methodist, a German 
Lutheran, or a French Catholic, but lives are 
coming under the influence of Jesus' spirit, 
and a nation's thoughts and conduct are 
being molded along Christian lines. Wit- 
ness the strong present agitation in Japan 
to abolish licensed vice and its attendant 
evils ; consider Japan's delegates revealing 
the desires of their people at the Geneva 
Disarmament Conference. ' We labor not in 
vain in the Lord.' " 

.< -J* 

Plan to Make Shrine of Livingstone's 

A movement to acquire the birthplace of 
David Livingstone on the banks of the Clyde 
at Blantyre, not far from Glasgow, and to 
make it a shrine and center of missionary 
education and inspiration, has been organ- 
ized in Scotland, and is spreading through- 
out the Christian world. Near the early 
home of Livingstone there still stand the 
school where he received the rudiments ot 


The Missionary Visitor 


education and the cotton mill where, at the 
age of ten, he made intimate acquaintance 
with hard work. Circumstances have made 
it possible to purchase now the house where 
he was reared and the adjoining wooded 
park and river bank where he played as a 
boy. The house has fallen into disrepair 
and is threatened with demolition. 

It is proposed to restore the house to its 
original state and make some necessary 
changes in it and in the house that adjoins 
it. When completed the edifice will form a 
home for personal relics of Livingstone. 

For the purchase and repair of the prop- 
erty about $35,000 is required ; and an en- 
dowment of about $25,000 is considered 
necessary for maintenance. It is believed 
that American Christians will want to make 
.some contribution. 

The Thrill in Missions 

May this little portion of His, I am send- 
ing you, be used for His glory. 

I was well pleased to know that what I 
sent you before went as a light to China. 

How my soul rejoices to hear how foot- 
binding was so prevalent in China, but now 
is prohibited ! 

It is thrilling to me to know, how Chris- 
tianity does lift downtrodden women to their 
rightful place and causes righteousness to 
dwell in the hearts of men and women of 
every race and nation. 

A California Member. 

Indianapolis B. Y. P. D. Set Goal at $75 

After the Sharing Christ With India proj- 
ect was presented to the Indianapolis young 
people, they took steps immediately to insure 
success. One of their enthusiastic members, 
F. A. McGuire, agreed if the class would 
raise $50 before June 1 he would add $25 
to it. So their goal is $75. While the young 
people of the Indianapolis church do not 
possess a great wealth, they are liberal and 
enjoy taking up this work. 

Shares in Home Missions 

The Share Plan of Support of Missions 
which has been so successful for foreign 
missions is now in use for Home M"ssions 
also. The first subscriber is Mrs. Blanche 
Marquiss of the Okaw congregation, South- 

ern Illinois. She subscribed for a share of 

By this plan the amount of $50 is paid 
annually for a period of five years, at which 
time the certificate to each share subscriber 
will have on it five seals indicating the 
completion of the task. 

As the Home Mission Share plan is in its 
beginnings, many subscribers are needed. 
Shares will be issued in amounts from $25 

The Missionary Character of Christianity 

At the beginnig of our services last eve- 
ning, I told the audience that I felt that 
each new set of slides made up by the Mis- 
sion Board was better than the preceding 
one, and I am sure they felt the same way 
after seeing the new set, "The Missionary 
Character of* Christianity." I want to con- 
gratulate you for your accomplishment and 
hope you will continue to get out additional 
sets of slides from time to time. I think 
we have now used every different subject 
that you have ; also additional slides from 
elsewhere, but I find we appreciate most 
those made up by our Mission Board. W T ith 
personal regards, I am, 

A Brother in Southern Ohio. 
J* <£ 
Training Schools for Pastors 

The Home Missions Council, being the 
cooperative body for many Protestant de- 
nominations, is providing summer schools 
for pastors in town and country fields. One 
of these schools was held at Vanderbilt 
University, Nashville, Tenn., April 9-20. 
Five of our pastors in the southern field 
attended. They are : E. F. Sherfy and 
Walter Kahle, both of Daleville, Va. ; Rus- 
sell Showalter, Rosepine, La. ; Ralph White, 
Johnson City, Tenn. ; and Foster Bittinger, 
Browntown Mission, Va. 

Among the courses offered in this school 
are : Rural Sociology ; Agricultural Eco- 
nomics ; Rural Church Methods and Pro- 
gram ; Rural Leadership ; Evangelism ; Com- 
munity Surveys and Organization ; Religious 
Education; Cooperative Marketing; Re- 
ligious Dramatics; The- Family; The Farm 
Home ; Country Life Aspects of the Bible ; 
The Rural Young People ; Rural Church 



The Missionary Visitor 


Administration ; Rural Human Relations ; 
Bible Study; Song Leadership. 

Other schools are held as follows : Kansas 
State Agricultural College, Manhattan, 
Kans., June 11-28; Pacific School of Re- 
ligion, Berkeley, Calif., June 4-15 ; Pastors' 
Summer School, June 18-29, at Ohio State 
University, Columbus, Ohio; summer con- 
ferences for country and town ministers, 
Sept. 3-14, Washington College, Chester- 
town, Md. 

Los Angeles World Sunday School 

Aside from the general program for the 
tenth convention of the World's Sunday 
School Association, to be held at Los 
Angeles, July 11-18, with its outstanding 
speakers from many nations, a number of 
special features are being arranged which 
will add much to the value of the conven- 
tion. A conference of officials will be con- 
ducted July 9-10. On three mornings during 
the convention, seven seminar groups, lim- 
ited to approximately one hundred persons 
each, will study intensively the technique 
of modern religious education. Half the 
enrollment for each group will be for dele- 
gates outside the United States. At the 
same time, four simultaneous sessions of a 
popular nature will be held dealing with the 
three age groups of the Sunday-school and 
a fourth group with administrative workers, 
including pastors and superintendents. 

& & 

Well-Attended Sunday School Institutes 

in Korea 

Under the auspices of the Korea Sunday 
School Association, which is a unit of the 
World's Sunday School Association, conven- 
tions and institutes are held throughout that 
nation. Five hundred and sixty-five dele- 
gates were enrolled from the North Pyeng 
An Province when the convention met re- 
cently at Shinweiju. In addition a number 
came as guests from other provinces, mak- 
ing the total enrollment over 600. The sec- 
retaries of the Korea Association — Rev. J. 
G. Holdcroft, D. D., and Rev. James K. 
Chung — were among the instructors. 

Special features were a musical evening 
and some most enlightening addresses on 

temperance. Over 2,000 people assembled 
for the general meetings each night. 


Stir me, oh, stir me, Lord — I care not how, 
But stir my heart in passion for the world; 

Stir me to give, to go, but most to pray. 
Stir till the blood-red banner be unfurled 

O'er lands that still in heathen darkness lie, 
O'er deserts where no cross is lifted high ! 

Stir me, oh, stir me, Lord, till all my heart 
Is filled with strong compassion for these 
Till thy compelling MUST drives me to pray, 
Till thy constraining love reach to the 
Far north and south, in burning deep desires, 
Till East and West are caught in Love's 
great fires. 

Stir me, oh, stir me, Lord, till prayer is pain, 
Till prayer is joy — till prayer turns into 
praise ; 
Stir me till heart and will and mind, yea, all 
Is wholly thine to use through all the 
days ! . 
Stir till I learn to pray " exceedingly " ; 
Stir till I learn to wait expectingly. 

Stir me, oh, stir me, Lord, thy heart was 
By love's intensest fire, till thou didst give 
Thine only Son, thy best beloved One, 
E'en to the dreadful cross, that I might 
Stir me to give myself so back to thee 
That thou canst give thyself again through 
me ! 

Stir me, oh stir me, Lord, for I can see 
Thy glorious triumph day begin to break : 

The dawn already gilds the eastern sky ; 
O Church of Christ, awake ! Awake ! 

Oh, stir us, Lord, as heralds of that day! 
For night is past — our King is on his way ! 

— Anonymous. 
J* & 


They tell me I must bruise 

The rose's leaf, 
Ere I can keep and use 

Its fragrance brief. 

They tell me I must break 

The skylark's heart, 
Ere her cage song will make 

The silence start. 

They tell me love must bleed, 

And friendship weep, 
Ere in my deepest need 

I touch that deep. 

Must it be always so 
With precious things? 

146 The Missionary Visitor May 

Must they be bruised and go his income he would give for God's work. 

With beaten wings? He rep lied : 

Ah, yes! By crushing days, "What I give is nothing to nobody!" 

By caging nights, by scar Because this man has numerous relatives, 

Of thorn and stony ways, . . .... 

These blessings are ! " raising money tor missions is not an easy 

—Author Unknown. J ob - 

£ j& E — ncouraging missionaries on the field by 

WHAT IS MY SHARE OF THE MIS- our letter f ; enlarging our own vision of 

SIONARY ENTERPRISE? t ^ le wor ^' s needs by reading and study; 

extending a helping hand to " the heath- 

1 Thessalonians 1: 1-10 en at our door."— Mrs. Ida Q. Moultin^ 

My share may be in Record of Christian Work. 

M — oney. ^ ^ 

The Romans worshiped their standard, and VISITOR QUESTIONS 

the Roman standard happened to be an These questions and answers may be use d 

eagle. Our standard is only one-tenth of an whh profit {n the Sunday . school> in a class 

eagle — a dollar — but we make it even by ,. . ,, . 

...... ,111 • meeting or at some other gathering: 

adoring it with tenfold devotion. 


Y — ielding my life for the cause. 1 u„ ,4.1, tv/t- ■ o a 

& J 1. Jtiow can the Mission Board raise 

After the Mexican war Melinda Rankin more money with less cost? . . 129 

tried in vain to rouse the churches of the A , r , « , ,. , . 

__ . , _ . . . _.. 2. Why is a deputation to our foreign 

united Mates to send missionaries to Mex- . . ..... ,__ 

. . , ... missions advisable? 132 

ico. At last she exclaimed : _ , 

( , ^ . . . . T ,.. .,,„ 3. What is the Bulsar Cooperative 

God helping me, 111 go myself! _ , _ 

Bank? 133 

S — upporting a missionary. 

4. Give the interest rates often charged 

An English lady gave liberally for the sup- . T .. ior 

r & . . & . , ,. „ T1 . m India 135 

port of a missionary m India. When the 

two met the missionary expressed great ap- 5 ' Wh ^ are children sending Friendship 

preciation for the help she had received. Sch ° o1 Ba § s to Mexico? 136 

But the lady, with an earnest look, said: 6. What missionary project workers from 

"You are under no more obligation to go m y district are listed this month? ...140 

and teach the women of India than I am." 7. Why are so few Christians afflicted 

H— earing the cry of heathendom, if I can with P la S ue In India ? 141 

not heed it get others to do so! 8. How many young men were baptized 

"Paint a starless sky; hang your picture m Afnca last January? 142 

with night; drape your mountains with far- 9. Who was the first Indian to moderate 

reaching vistas of darkness ; darken all the a Church of the Brethren District 

past ; let the future be draped in deeper and Meeting? 143 

yet deeper night; fill this gloom with sad- 10 . How much have the women raised 

faced men, women and children crying for for spe cial mission projects since 

light!" That is the cry of heathendom. 1915? . ..148 
A — dvocating the giving of one-tenth of 
one's income to the Lord's work. 

Did you know that every Mormon who THE MISSIONARY VISITOR 

joins the church is pledged to give One-tenth Published monthly by the General Mission Board, 

r 1 ■ ■ t ^ irivr • tj Church of the Brethren, Elgin, 111., at $1 per year 

of his income for the spread of Mormonism? . , ', , , ' 

or given free upon request to contributors of $4 or 

Thus the authorities have plenty of means more to m i ss ions administered by the Board. 

to make Mormonism such a menace against Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of 

which the Christian forces have to contend. Elgin, Illinois. 

R — aising money for missions. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage 

... , , , , r provided for in section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917,. 

A miserly man was asked how much of authorized Aug . 20 , 1918 . 


The Missionary Visitor 


©lj£ Qfamwt'* ©tfjrarittmtt 8 

Conducted by Nora M. Rhodes 

Women and Stewardship 

" Stewardship is an obligation to live life 
at its best in order to make the kingdom of 
God a reality here and now." 

Stewardship in Service 

Paul says, " Whatsoever ye do, do all 
to the glory of God." Nothing is gained 
and much time and talent lost by com- 
plaining that we have not the right tools ; 
our duty lies in using well the tools we 
have. That with which a woman is most 
dexterous is the tool with which the steward 
should start to work. It may be the pen 
or the paint brush, the clinical thermometer, 
or the kitchen utensils, or that tiniest of 
all tools, the bright, shining needle, which 
since the days of Dorcas has ministered to 
the kingdom in thousands of women's so- 
cieties. The slogan of one of the large mis- 
sionary movements expresses tersely the call 
to Christian stewardship : " Rearrange your 
life activities in the light of the great com- 
mission." What a change this rearrange- 
ment brings about ! One woman who has 
a beautiful car, recognizing her stewardship, 
now uses her car as a tool of Christian 
service almost every day. Ask God to use 
you and surely the way will be opened. 

Stewardship in Child Training 

The mother in the home should not only 
herself be conscious of God's ownership of 
all, but she should train the children to 
recognize this principle as one of the funda- 
mentals, a primary truth underlying all 
Christian living. When once God's owner- 
ship of all has firmly taken root, it is not 
a very long step to the recognition of the 
fact that men and women, boys and girls, 
are stewards and are accountable to God 
for all that they have and all that they do. 

" As the twig is bent, so is the tree in- 
clined." and the future men and women 

of Christian lands will be " inclined " largely 
in accordance with the " bending " done by 
mother's hand. 

Money: Opportunity and Obligation 

The subject of money is not one to be 
avoided when talking of spiritual things. 
Money is here in our midst ; we handle it 
every day and we must take it into consid- 
eration in the planning of our lives. It 
needs to be set in its proper place, and it 
has a very important place. Possessions 
should become a help to the building of the 
kingdom, instead of a hindrance. 

Today, as never before, the women are 
handling the money of the world. The 
editor of a popular business publication 
states that, after a long investigation, he has 
come to the conclusion that the women are 
the spenders of the nation. They buy 76 
per cent of all the merchandise in the shops. 
They buy for themselves, for the children, 
and for the home. Woman faces grave re- 
sponsibilities in the spending of the family 
income. We are living in an extravagant 
age, and Christians should set an example in 
reasonableness. Saving is a real part in the 
stewardship obligation. The Christian stew- 
ard will decide first of all just what the 
Giving proportion shall be and then regulate 
the Living and Saving accordingly. The 
reason for this is that " honor the Lord with 
the first fruits " is the stewardship law. 
The Christian will desire to set aside at 
least a tenth to begin with, unless she feels 
sure that God has set another ratio for her. 
Bishop Quayle has said, " The tenth is a 
good place to start. It is no place to stop." 
Women who for years have practiced the 
setting aside of a fixed proportion for the 
kingdom testify that the remainder somehow 
goes just as far (if not farther) as the whole 
in meeting the daily needs. No one need 


The Missionary Visitor 



have any fear of wanting any good thing 
because of having given into God's treasury. 

Stewardship of Acknowledgment 

The sacrificial gifts of time, the offering 
of money, the exercise of prayer — these 
three measure the genuineness of the Chris- 
tian's love for the Master. One of the best 
ways for a woman to make sure that her 
day will be well spent is to make out a time 
budget. This was tried by a group of 
women and it proved a very illuminating 
experience, showing a great waste of hours 
which were lost forever. The dedication of 
both time and money is needed. A farmer's 
wife began by tithing her eggs. With this 
money she was able in time to pay for the 
support of a Bible woman in India. Some 
women decided they would be " garment 
givers." Of every sum of money set aside 
for clothing, one-tenth was set aside for 
the Lord. If twenty-five dollars was paid 
for a gown, two dollars and a half was set 

No life can be fully consecrated unless 
time is given to the stewardship of prayer. 
Jesus said, " Without me ye can do nothing." 
In order to pray for others, we must be in- 
terested in others ; and interest in others is, 
of course, a prerequisite of stewardship. We 
need never try to carry out God's program 
in our own feeble strength; we have the 
power of the Almighty to depend upon. — 
Extracts from Woman and Stewardship. 


1. Began in 1915. Quinter Memorial Hos- 

pital (entire project not yet completed). 

Amount raised $13,471.91 

Amount spent on project 6,900.00 

Balance available for future developments 6,571.91 

2. Began in 1920. Goal, $24,000. One-half for ■ 

Anklesvar Girls' School building; one- 
half for Ping Ting Hospital Administra- 
tion building 
Amount raised, about 25,000.00 

3. Began in 1922. Goal, $35,000; three- year 

project. Greene County, Virginia, In- 
dustrial School. 
Amount raised 35,424.07 

4. Began in 1925. Goal, $12,000; two-year 

project. Ruth Royer Kulp Memorial Hos- 
pital in Africa. 
Amount raised 12,274.76 

5. Began in 1927. Goal, $15,000; three -year 

project. India Hospital Fund. 


May brings Mother's Day. Why not have 
a special program on missionary mothers 
on Sunday, or some other day, of the first 
week in May? The whole church would be 
interested in such a program. Appropriate 
Bible lessons would be on Mary, the mother 
of our Lord, or Hannah, who loaned her 
child to the Lord. 

The story of Monica, a missionary mother 
of the early church, may be given as a 
monologue. William Carey looked back to 
the time when as a little boy, he counted 
his mother's sympathetic interest one of 
his greatest sources of inspiration. During 
the long winter evenings, in a quiet Scot- 
tish home, a mother talked with her boy 
about the people who had never heard of 
God. Years afterward the mother sat alone 
in that home, reading the letters from her 
son, Robert Moffat, the pioneer missionary 
to Africa. From any good life of David 
Livingstone, get word pictures of the home 
at Blantyre. Tell of the abiding influence of 
his mother in the life of the great missionary 
explorer. Other stories of missionary moth- 
es of early or modern times may be told. 

If there are any mothers of missionaries in 
the community they should be special guests. 
Other features will suggest themselves to 


" Now I beseech you . . . that ye strive 
together with me in your prayers to God 
for me." 

2 — Edna R. Flory, China. 
6— Mrs. Hattie Alley, India. 
18— Mrs. Bertha Butterbaugh, India. 
29— Mrs. Mary Blickenstaff, India. 

Elsie Shickel, India. 
30 — Mrs. Marie Brubaker, China, now on 

3 — Jennie Mohler, India. 
4 — Mrs. Hazel Sollenberger, China, now on' 

7 — Mrs. Martha Horning, China, now on, 
27 — Mrs. Nettie Summer, India, now on fur- 
28— Beulah Woods, India. 


The Missionary Visitor 


29— Goldie Swartz, India. 
31— Mrs. Anna Mow, India. 

4 — Laura Shock, China. 
7 — Ida Buckingham, Sweden. 
10 — Lucille Heckman, Africa, now on fur- 
13— Myrtle Pollock, China. 
20— Mrs. Bertha Robertson, Africa. 
26— Mrs. Sarah Myers, China— now on fur- 
30— B. Mary Royer, India. 

Pray for our missionaries. 


Devotions — Isa. 54: 2 is the text from 
which Carey preached the epoch-making 
sermon that aroused a meeting of English 
Baptists to take definite steps toward plan- 
ning a foreign mission organization, and so 

led the way to the vast foreign missionary 
work of England and America. Isa. 52: 
7-10; 40: 3-5; 42: 1-16 would be appropriate. 
The Map. The map should show who the 
pioneers in each land were and when they 
began their work. In some prominent way 
all lands occupied by Christianity should 
stand out, leaving visible those areas still 
unreached. Places where famous mission- 
aries worked may be shown. 


"The twelve were with Jesus and certain 
women whom he had delivered from . . . 
various diseases . . . Joanna, the wife of 
Chuza, Herod's steward, and Susanna, and 
many other women, all of whom contributed 
to the support of Jesus and his apostles " 
(Luke 8: 1-3). 

Note : From Wevmouth's translation. 

ANGEL FOOD FOR SWINE. One man hauls five truck loads weekly of second day 
pastry from Chicago to feed the hogs. Cakes and doughnuts comprise this load of 3400 
pounds. We American people demand strictly fresh bread. The baker charges enough 
to offset his loss and Christian people pay the bill. Pretty hard to convince missionaries 
and native Christians that a decline in mission funds is due to hard times! 


The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 


Adaline Hohf Beery 

Blossoms burst and cow-bells tinkle, 
Robins twitter, " Can't catch me !" 

Stars throw kisses as they twinkle 
Thro' the rustling maple tree. 

Dogs are racing, clear brooks babble, 
Bees are swarming round the hive; 

Barefoot children splash and dabble, 
Shouting, " Everything's alive !" 

Shady paths lead thro' the timber 
To the white church, steeple-crowned ; 

Necks and knees grow strangely limber, 
At its altar gathered round. 

Hills and valleys bloom not only — 
Hearts swell up like fragrant May ! 

There's no reason to be lonely 

When we play with God all day ! 


Enclosed find a snapshot of the Junior 
Department of South Waterloo Sunday- 
school. Three teachers at left back are 
H. H. Harbaugh, Mrs. Dorthy Paris, Mrs. 
Simon Saylor. Next Mrs. S. M. Harbaugh, 
missionary superintendent, last, Mrs. Robert 
Lichty, superintendent Junior department. I 
am enclosing a check for $13.50, the last of 
the Junior and Intermediate money for 
Black Brothers for 1927. Hope we can do 
more for India next year. 

Waterloo, Iowa. Mrs. S. M. Harbaugh. 

Read on page 140 the letter Raimal 
wrote. It is a good message for all 
the Junior Church League workers 
for India. Then read on the same 
page the names of new groups enroll- 
ing during the past month. Hundreds 
of new groups with thousands of 
workers are needed to carry out the 
1928 plans for India's Medical Work. 
Send for a leaflet explaining the chil- 
dren's missionary project. Address 
General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 

South Waterloo Sprinters Hand in Another Check 
for Their African Brothers 


This morning we started out our children 
on their work for India. Instead of the 
sermon, as usual, our pastor gave us the 
time to put on a program. It was led by 
an Intermediate boy, and the parts were 
given by Intermediates and Junior Young 
People. It was gleaned entirely from " The 
Junior League Brings Health to India." At 
the close each child present was given a 
" Beehive " coin collector in which to put 
their money for India. Most of the 125 
collectors were taken, and the rest will be. 
The children are always enthusiastic about 
their boxes. The J. C. L. buttons will also 
arouse interest. At the close of the program 
one good brother with gray hairs said he 
would like one of those beehives to put in 
some of the pennies, etc., that collect and 
get in his way. He also urged others to 
do the same. Effie Metzger. 

Strathmore, Calif., Feb. 26, 1928. 


It was pouring rain and auntie was get- 
ting short of stories. " Let's play church," 
said Jimmy. They put a chair for a pulpit. 
Jimmy said he ought to be the minister be- 
cause he knew the most texts. They sang 
a hymn with great enthusiasm. Then 
Jimmy mounted the platform. " My text 
this afternoon is, ' Do unto others as you — ' " 
" O Jimmy, you can't have that. You know 
you took my ball away from me today." 


The Missionary Visitor 


"Never mind. My text is. 'Judge not — '" 
" But, Jimmy." piped another, " you said you 
guessed Benny Green played truant yes- 
terday because he wasn't at school." Jimmy 
swallowed hard and said, " Here's another : 
' It is more blessed to give than to receive 
— ' " " O Jimmy," howled the whole con- 
gregation, " not that. You ate all the jam 
at the tea party and we didn't have any !" 
— The Presbyterian. 



Here is a little story that comes to us 
from France. A girl of twelve was tending 
sheep on the bare, peaked hills of Auvergne 
with a dog she had known only a day or 
two — a surly and suspicious dog. As eve- 
ning came on, and the little shepherdess 
thought of returning to the farm, the dog 
sprang at her and savagely gashed her 
cheek. The plucky little maid herded the 
sheep together and led them home, where 
she explained what had happened, and 
added : " What luck that it happened at turn- 
ing-in time !" As the doctor stitched up 
the wounded cheek he said : " So if the dog 
had bitten you earlier in the day you 
would not have come back at once?" The 
child looked up. " Who would have tended 
my sheep?" she said. — Children's Newspaper. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I have never written to the 
Visitor before, but I like to read the letters the boys 
and girls write. I am ten years old, and in the 
sixth grade. I like to go to church. I like to read 
about India, and expect some day to be a missionary 
there. I have an aunt in India. Her name is Mae 
Wolf. My father is a minister. I have two sisters 
and two brothers. I like to read books. 

Waddams Grove, 111. Wilbur Stern. 

You iike a lot of good things. May your best 
ambition turn out to be a dream come true! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I have never written to you, 
but I have often read the children's letters. I am ten 
years old, and in the fifth grade. I have four sisters 
and four brothers. Their names are Miriam, Judith. 
Josephine, Genevieve. Xorman, Galen, Keith and 
Harold. The oldest, Harold and Genevieve, are at 
college. I do not belong to the church, but expect 
to join pretty soon. I go to Mississinewa. I am 
going to have a new teacher at Sunday-school. His 
name is Paul Weaver. In English at school we had 
to make up a poem about a bird. I thought I would 
send mine in to you. 

Little Sparrow 
Merry, bright-eyed sparrow 

At my kitchen door, 
Picking up the crumbs 

Here on my porch floor. 

Happy little fellow, 

Always somewhere near, 

Merry little sparrow. 

Your heart is full of cheer. 
Muncie, Ind. Virginia Rarick. 

Xot a bad combination— a bird, a breakfast, spring, 
and a ten -year-old girl. Maybe in time you will 
really show signs of the divine afflatus. (Ask your 
parents what that means.) I have a pleasant mem- 
ory of those college youngsters when they weren't 
much more than babies. How time flies! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn : Isn't this a grand old world we 
are living in? Even though we have troubles and 
trials, there is, always, happiness lurking near. 
Things don't always go right for me. but I always 
try to smile. Isn't that the best way, after all? 
I wrote to you, auntie, over two years ago and 
gained so many new friends I thought I'd write 
again. I find it very interesting to correspond and 
exchange ideas with other young people. Those I 
do write to just seem like old friends to me. I 
have pictured in my mind what I think these friends 
are like, and hope to see them all some day. Rev. 
Paul Studebaker is our pastor, and I think he is just 
wonderful. Our B. Y. P. D. is continually growing 
and I find it real interesting. I have not missed a 
meeting yet this year and hope to continue this 
record. I am a Junior in high school, and find my 
work interesting. My ambition is to finish my high 
education and take a nurses' training course. Don't 
you just love flowers? I do. We haven't a very 
good place to grow them, but have lots of them 
anyway, especially roses, and they are so beautiful 
when all in bloom. Our lilies-of-the-valley and tulips 
are coming up; it makes me think of spring. We 
do not take the Visitor at present, but I thought 
perhaps you would have my letter printed anyhow. 
Mr. Shamberger was with us yesterday and I think 
he is just fine. May all you young people write to 
me. I enjoy the letters so. I am seventeen years 
old. Ruth E. Barnhart (sometimes Billy). 

507 W. Walnut St.. Xappanee, Ind. 

You are a young philosopher. I hope you will 
always keep such an optimistic outlook on the 
world and life. A trained nurse certainly needs a 
lot of courage, endurance, sympathy, and cheerful- 
ness. For that matter, those are highly valuable 
assets to anybody! 


the first letter of a heavenly body, and 

black, sticky substance, 
a floating vapor, and leave noisy, 
congealed vapor, and leave the present. 
a floating vessel, and leave part of the 

another floating vessel, and leave a grain. 

a conflagration, and leave anger. 

a stream of water, and leave a bird. 

a high temperature, and leave part of the 

a low temperature, and leave the opposite 

1. Remove 
leave a 

2. Behead 

3. Behead 

4. Behead 

5. Behead 

6. Behead 

7. Behead 

8. Behead 

9. Behead 
of youn 

American Cities Demolished 

1. Tom Case ran. 6. Gash in town. 

2. One slip, Mina. 7. Anna in soot. 

3. One learns W. 8. And level C. 

4. F piled rings. 9. Sprig ran add. 

5. Ill shaven. 10. U slum cob. 

(Answers next month) 

Curtailments. — Bard — bar. 2. Bind — bin. 3. Bung- 
bun. 4. Cape — cap. 5. Cftbe — cub. 6. Dime — dim. 7. 
Dune — dun. 8. Pope — pop. 
Word Square. — 

I O X I c 
X O R T H 
I B Z A X 
A B A X A 


The Missionary Visitor 



Conference Offering, 1928. As of March 31, 1928, 
the Conierence (Budget) offering for the year end- 
ing February 28, 1929, stands as follows: 
Cash received since March 1, 1928 $11,905.51 

(The 1928 Budget of $389,000.00 is 3.1% raised, 
whereas it should be 8.3%.) 

Mission Board Treasury Statement. The following 
shows the condition of mission finances on March 
31, 1928: 

Income since March 1, 1928 $14,680.17 

Income same period last year 17,230.96 

Expense since March 1, 1928 15,144.48 

Expense same period last year 23,423.73 

Mission deficit March 31, 1928 97,868.95 

Mission deficit February 29, 1928 97,404.64 

Increase in deficit for March, 1928 464.31 

Tract Distribution: During the month of February 
the Board sent out 966 doctrinal tracts. 

Correction No. 25: See April, 1928, Visitor, under 
World-Wide Missions. Credit of $20.63 to Richland 
Center S. S., N. E. Kansas, should instead have been 

February Receipts: The following contributions for 
the various funds were received during February: 

Arizonar— $13.52 

S. S.: Glendale, $ 13.52 

Arkansas— $10.00 

Indv.: Mrs. Mary J. Babb & Daughter, .. 10.00 

Calif ornia— $931 .14 

No. Dist., Cong.: Butte Valley, $4.70; Elk 
Creek, $7.50; Nannie A. Harmon (Lindsay), 
$3; S. S.: Oakland, $7.63; Aid Soc: Lindsay, 
$15, 37.83 

So. Dist., Cong.: Hemet, $18.70; Pasadena, 
$631.15; Mrs. J. M. Miller (Calvary). $10; 
L: M. Myer (Calvary), $2; Edmund Taylor 
<E. San Diego), $5; La Verne College Bible 
Institute, $212.88; Indv.: J. H. Huff, $13.58, 893.31 
Canada— $25.00 

Cong.: Merrington, $10.95; Miss C. Rinehart 
(Bow Valley), $5; S. S. : Merrington, $5.31; 

Aid Soc: Merrington, $3.74, 25.00 

Colorado— $42.17 

E. Dist., Cong.: Antioch, $7.17; S. J. Heck- 
man & Wife, (Colorado Springs), $25; No. 
103912 (Sterling), $5; W. S. Ellenberger 

(Wiley), $5, 42.17 

Florida— $7.24 

Cong.: Seneca, $2.24; Mrs. Wm. Lind 

(Zion), $5, 7.24 

Idaho— $68.73 

S. S.: Winchester, $58.73; Aid Soc: Boise 

Valley, $10, 68.73 

Illinois— $664.10 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cherry Grove, $151.42; 
Elgin, $23.03; Lanark, $13.25; O. E. Gibson 
& Wife (Bethel), $8.50; Celesta Wine (First 
Chicago), $20; O. D. Barnhart (Elgin), $4; 
Chas. D. Bonsack & Wife (Elgin), $50; A 
Sister (Milledgeville), $18; S. S. : Bethel, 
$29.24; Women's Class, First Chicago, $5.80; 
Lena, $28.53; Sterling, $18.49; Aid Soc: 
Bethel, $16.18; Franklin Grove, $10, 388.44 

So. Dist., Cong.: Allison Prairie, $55.50; Big 
Creek, $25; Camp Creek, $2; Liberty, $47; 
Loraine, $9; Martin Creek, $2; Oak Grove, 
$5.50; Virden, $4.86; Woodland, $4.85; D. S. 
Baker (Astoria), $8; N. Eichenberg (As- 
toria), $3; Ann L. Fitz (Astoria), $5; I. W. 
Ludlum (Canton), $4; Walter Ludlum (Can- 

ton), $4; Clara Steiner (Champaign), $10; 
R. D. Wickert & Family (Woodland), $5; 
S. S. : La Motte Prairie, $5.95; Aid Soc: 

Girard, $50; Virden, $25, 275.66 

I ndiana— $3 ,023.34 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Flora, $131.57; Lower Deer 
Creek, $9.35; Manchester, $1,327.97; Monticello 
$59.73; Pleasant View, $7; Roann, $17.45; Sal- 
amonie, $45.65; Spring Creek, $25; West Man- 
chester, $75.15; Marie Shively (Manchester), 
$10; E. P. Tridle&Wife (Spring Creek), $10; 
S. S.: Eel River, $44.62; Guernsey (Monticello), 
$10; Salamonie, $42.69; Spring Creek, $40; West 
Manchester, $25; Aid Soc: Andrews, $52.41; 
Eel River, $25; Huntington, $10; Dorcas Aid 
Soc. (Huntington) $25; Dorcas Aid Soc. 
(Mexico), $15; Salamonie, $35; Spring Creek, 
$10.00; West Manchester, $35; Dist. Aid Soc. 
Meeting, $44; Indv.: Henry Warner, $2, 2,134.59 

No. Dist., Cong.: Blue River. $2.68; Goshen 
City, $107.80; Nappanee, $129.55; Junior Church 
(Nappanee), $4; Pleasant Hill, $10; Pleasant 
Valley, $35.27; Plymouth, $9.78; Union Center, 
$43.65; Wakarusa, $20; Amanda Hanson 
(Auburn), $1; Mrs. Dora Smith (Blue River), 
$.61; Maggie A. Johnson (First So. Bend), 
$5; Myrtis Weaver (Rock Run), $4; Godfrey 
Sprang (Shipshewana), $4; S. S. : "Elite" 
Class, Nappanee, $10; Yellow Creek, $10.75; 
Aid Soc: Mt. Pleasant, $25; Pleasant Hill, 
$10; West Goshen, $32, 465.09 

So. Ind., Cong.: Anderson, $140; Beech 
Grove, p.66; Four Mile, p7; Orley Dunk 
(Fairview), $2; Henry Guinn (Fairview), $5; 
Linnie E. Toney (Four Mile), $10; Freda 
Michael (Grace, Indianapolis), $4; Mrs. Sarah 
McCoy (Howard), $4; Audra Hoppis (Ko- 
komo), $4; Michael Andes (Middletown), $100; 
Isaac Huffman (Mt. Pleasant), $6; Wm. J. 
Ronk (Mt. Pleasant), $15; I. C. Mikesell 
(Union City), $5; Sylvia Cory (White), $15; 
Laura E. Lynch (White), $6; Anna Rake- 
straw (White), $4; Denzel Copeland (Wind- 
fall), $4; Elbe Love, (Windfall), $1; Trell 
Turner (Windfall), $8; Aid Soc: Pyrmont, 

$10, 423.66 

Iowa— $632.22 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Panther Creek, $75.84; 
Mrs. Alice B. Snyder (Cedar Rapids), $25; 
A Friend (Dallas Center), $100; C. Z. Reitz 
(Maxwell), $3.75; S. S.: Bagley $1.27; Brook- 
lyn, $10; Pleasant View (Cedar), $1.29; "Rose 
Bud" Class, Panther Creek, $10.35; Aid Soc: 
Panther Creek, $100, 327.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: Waterloo City (South 
Waterloo), $30; David Brallier & Wife 
.Curlew), $10; S. S. : Waterloo City (South 
Waterloo), $27; Aid Soc: Waterloo City 
(South Waterloo), $150, 217.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Council Bluffs, $5.10; Lib- 
erty ville, $15.64; Dr. Lawrence A. Miller & 
Wife (North English), $25; S. S. : Council 
Bluffs, $3.32; Franklin, $4.41; Muscatine, 
$19.25; Aid Soc: Council Bluffs, $5; Indv.: 

S. W. Brown, $5; Chas. B. Knee, $5 87.72 

Kansas— $438.84 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Morrill, $68.23; Over- 
brook, $39; Topeka, $135.07; S. S.: Ramona, 
$5.90; Topeka, $29.82; Y. P. D. : Richland 
Center, $10.38, 288.40 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Quinter, 54.75 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Orpha Loshbaugh (Hol- 
low), $5; Lizzie Shank (Osage), $5; Indv.: 
S. C. Gilbert, $4.05; Fannie Stevens, $5.25, .. 19.30 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Garden City, $14.89; 
Walnut Valley, $10; West Wichita, $11.50; 
The Whitmers, (East Wichita), $5; Mrs. Liz- 



The Missionary Visitor 


zie A. Lehman (Newton), $5; Kate Yost 

(Peabody), $5; S. S. : Bloom, $25, 

Louisiana — $121 .25 
Cong.: Roanoke, $10; Rosepine, $96.07; S. 

S.: Roanoke, $15.18, 

Maryland— $1,038.69 

E. Dist., Cong.: Green Hill, $2.81; Meadow 
Branch, $52.23; Pipe Creek, $185; J. S. Lau & 
Wife (Woodberry, Baltimore), $20; Mrs. D. E. 
Dunham (Beaver Dam), $5; Mrs. Mollie E. 
Sigler (Frederick Citv), $3; No. 104430 (Piney 
Creek). $15; Edgar S. Jenkins (Pipe Creek), 
$4; S. S.: Pleasant Hill (Bush Creek), $2.50; 
Blue Ridge College (Pipe Creek). $22.26; 
Men's Bible Class (Pipe Creek), $5; Aid Soc: 
Westminster (Meadow Branch), $43.09; Pipe 
Creek, $10; Washington, $10; Indv.: N. S. 

Sellers (M. N.), $.50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Brownsville, $7.30; Hag- 
erstown, $385; Licking Creek, $10; I. F. Hol- 
lenberger (Beaver Creek), $25; Mrs. Barbara 
J. Steele (Beaver Creek), $19; D. D. Mul- 
lendore & Family (Brownsville), $25; S. S. : 
Chas. T. Hoffmaster's Class, Brownsville, $5; 
Aid Soc: Mt. Zion (Beaver Creek), $25; 
Brownsville, $15; Pleasant View, $50; Indv.: 

No. 104000. $50, 

W. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, $10; Arthur 
Scrogum & Wife (Bear Creek), $15; C. H. 

Merrill & Wife (Cherry Grove), $17 

Michigan— $142.67 

Cong.: Crystal, $.67; Detroit, $100; Durand 
(Elsie), $5; Long Lake, $2; Thornapple, $10; 
S. S.: Shepherd, $10; Aid Soc: Midland, $5; 
Rodney, $5; Indv.: Mary M. Nevinger, $5,.. 
Minnesota— $48.52 

Cong.: Root River, $45.13; S. S. : Guthrie, 


Missouri— $196.98 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Elda Gauss (Center- 

No. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, $8.95; 
South St. Joseph, $6.72; J. E. Stanturf (North 
St. Joseph), $5; S. B. Shirky & Wife 
(Rockingham), $10; Geo. W. Hoover & Wife 
(Smith Fork), $100; S. S. : Wakenda, $5.49; 

Indv.: Ruth A. Pulse, $5, 

So. Dist., Cong.: No. 104123 (Carthage), 
$5; Clara Miller (Nevada), $25; S. S. : Cabool, 
$10.82; Indv.: H. J. Masters & Wife, $10, .. 
Nebraska— $126.10 

Cong.: Enders, $4.83; Octavia, $3; D. F. 
Eberly (Octavia), $50; H. J. Frantz & Fam- 
ily (South Beatrice), $10; S. S. : Lincoln, 
$3.27; Aid Soc: Bethel, $50; Falls City, $5, 
North Carolina— $45.00 

Aid Soc: Fraternity, $10; Indv.: J. I. 
Branscom, $25; Thomas Dolby & Wife, $10, 
North Dakota— $23.00 

Cong.: Walter Troxel (Berthold). $3; Mrs. 
M. A. Martz (Ellison), $10; Aid Soc: Zion 

(Cando), $10, 

Ohio— $2,377.58 

X. E. Dist.. Cong.: Ashland, $20; Chip- 
pewa, $4; E. Chippewa, $46.05; E. Nimishil- 
len, $75; Hartville, $100; Owl Creek, $15; 
Richland, $2.50; W. Nimishillen, $10.59; 
Wooster, $175; Zion Hill, $74; Catharine 
Wohlgamuth (Mohican), $10; L. S. Garver 
(Wood worth), $25; D. S. Longanecker, 
-(Woodworth), $1; S. S. : Owl Creek, $.93; 
Woodworth, $5.41; Aid Soc: Center, $10; E. 
Chippewa, $55; Indv.: J. D. Miller & Wife, 2, 
N. W. Dist., Cong.: Sugar Creek, $25; J. 
L. Guthrie (M. N.) (County Line), $.50; No. 
104132 (Greenspring), $15; J. W. Hornish & 
Wife (No. Poplar Ridge), $50; S. S. : County 
Line, $36; Eagle Creek, $26.10; Aid Soc: 

Greenspring, $35; Silver Creek, $10 

So. Dist., Cong.: Donnels Creek, $85; Paint- 
er Creek, $16; Piqua, $5.85; Salem, $285.78; 
West Charleston, $32.58; Charles Knoepfle & 
Wife (Cincinnati), $25; Harry McPherson 
(W. Dayton), $30; Cong.: & S. S.: Constance, 
$10; S. S. : Lower Miami, $28.04; Happy Cor- 
ner (Lower Stillwater), $31.27; Painter 
Creek. $6; Union City, $14.40; S. S.'s of 
district, $850.58; Aid Soc: Donnels Creek, $5; 













Salem, $25; Indv.: Lucinda Ann Hixson, 

$100, 1,548.50 

Oklahoma— $113.00 

Cong.: Thomas, $100; Indv.: G. E. Wales, 

$3; A Tither, $10, 113.0C 

Oregon— $5.00 

Aid Soc: Grants Pass, 5.00 

Pennsylvania — $3,957.28 

E. Dist., Cong.: Heidleberg, $56; Ridgely, 
$7.45; Spring Grove, $10; No. 104234 (Chiques), 
$100; Unknown donor (Elizabethtown), $1; 
J. C. Eshleman & Wife (Harrisburg), $5; 
Unknown donor (Harrisburg), $2; Adaline 
H. Witter (Myerstown), $4; Bernard N. 
King (Ridgely), $5; A Brother (Spring 
Creek), $2; S. S. : Gleaners' Class, Akron, $5; 
E. Fairview, $15.32; E. Petersburg, $12.51; 
Harrisburg, $39; Hatfield, $50r60; Mountville, 
$14.47; Myerstown, $7.71; "Busy Bee" Class. 
Palmyra, $10; Buds of Hope Class, Palmyra, 
$20; Senior Men's Bible Class, Palmyra, $72.27; 
Servants of the Master Class, Palmyra, 
$118.10; Work & Win Class, Palmyra, $11.97; 
Spring Creek, $5.72; Spring Grove, $4.70; Aid 
Soc: Heidleberg, $10; Lititz, $25; Mount- 
ville, $15; Richland, $25; C. W. S.: Chiques, 
$61, 715.82 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: 1st Altoona, $634.76; 
28th St. Altoona, $55; Cherry Lane, $4.29; 
Lewistown, $232.24; Woodbury, $21; Yellow 
Creek, $7; Mary A. Kinsey (Dunnings 
Creek), $10; Mary E. Detweiler (Hunting- 
don), $4; Mrs. John T. Dopp (Huntingdon), 
$1; Hazel Ober (New Enterprise), $5; Homer 
Shrimer (Raven Run), $5; F. H. Mohr & 
Wife (Woodbury), $20; S. S. : Sugar Run 
(Aughwick), $2.64; 1st Altoona, $250; Mait- 
land (Dry Valley), $6.14; James Creek, $5.12; 
Curryville (Woodbury), $6.69; Aid Soc: 
Roaring Spring, $25, 1,294.88 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Coventry, $118.07; Nor- 
ristown. $7.89; John S. Grater (Norristown), 
$5; S. S.: Coventry, $21.32; Primary Dept., 
Coventry, $25; Aid Soc: Coventry, $25; C. 
W. S.: Coventry, $50, 252.28 

So. Dist., Cong.: Hanover, $5; Densie R. 
Clopper (Carlisle), $5; Katharine M. Hart- 
ranft (Chambersburg), $15; Wm. B. Harlach- 
er (Hanover), $1; Krissinger Sisters (Lost 
Creek), $10; Elder S. B. Myers (New 
Fairview). $1; A Sister (Upper Conewago), 
$4; No. 104057 (Upper Conewago), $100; J. 
J. Oiler & Wife (Waynesboro), $1,100; A 
Sister |Waynesbcro), $3; Mary E. Bixler 
(York), $1; S. S.: Brandt's (Back Creek), 
$2.37; Pleasant Hill (Codorus), $4.98; Han- 
over, $12; Mechanicsburg, $6.46; Melrose 
(Upper Codorus) $13.66; Aid Soc: Hunts- 
dale, $10; Gettysburg (Marsh Creek), $15; 
Mechanicsburg, $25; Newville, $5; Waynes- 
boro, $30; Indv.: Annie M. Baltozer, $4; 
N. S. Sellers (M. N.) $.50 1,373.97 

W. Dist., Cong.: Penn Run, $19.35; Red 
Bank, $100; Rockton, $10; Roxbury, $75; Mrs. 
Anna Saylor (Middlecreek), $7; A Sister 
(Rockton), $1; S. S. : Plum Creek, $18.26; Red 
Bank, $3.72; Aid Soc: Greensburg, $10; Pur- 
chase Line, Manor, $5; Women's Missy. Soc. 
(Moxham), $16; Mt. Joy, $50; Indv.: Mag- 
gie Sterrett, $5 320.33 

South Dakota— $10.00 

S. S.: Willow Creek, :. 10.00 

Texas— $1.00 

Indv.: L. E. Brown, 1.00 

Virginia— $1,454.37 

E. Dist., Cong.: Fairfax, $31.41; Holly- 
wood, $16; Mt. Carmel. $14.32; Nokesville, 
$27.86; C. D. Gilbert (Oronoco), $5; S. S. : 
Valley, $15.38; Aid Soc: Midland, $5 114.97 

First Dist., Indv.: Lucy A. Mauzy, 5.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Grove (Brock's 
Gap), ^,37; Cooks Creek, $40.85; Greenmount, 
$3.12; Mill Creek, $747.50; Geo. L. Dove 
(Damascus), $3; Elmer E. Miller (Flat 
Rock), $3; J. M. Zigler (Unity), $5; Frank 
Stultz & Wife (Crab Run, Upper Lost Riv- 
er), $5; S. S. : Intermediate Class, Linville 
Creek, $1.80; Fairview (Unity), $9.87; Aid 


The Missionary Visitor 



Soc: Cedar Grove (Flat Rock), $20; Unity, 

$2.71, 878.85 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Silas B. Miller (Bridge- 
water), $5; S. S. : Bridgewater, $5.32; Aid 
Soc: No. 2, Sangerville, $7; Student Volun- 
teers of Bridgewater College, $30.13, 47.45 

So. Dist., Cong.: Antioch, $58.85; Bethle- 
hem, $17.60; Brick, $22; Pleasant Valley, 
$10.17; Red Oak Grove, $10; Congs. of dis- 
trict, $285.28; Sarah J. Hylton (Coulson), $3; 

Indv.: W. M. Kahle, $1.20, 408.10 

Washington— $20.22 

Cong.: Outlook, $5.22; J. M. Arbogast 
(Okanogan Valley), $10; Indv.: No. 40, $5, .. 20.22 
West Virginia— $250.75 

First Dist., Cong.: Sandy Creek, $200; B. 
F. Bucklew (Bean Settlement), $3; Maude 
Snyder (Capon Chapel), $2; Henry Elmick 
(Eglon), $5; R. B. Leatherman (Knobley), $20; 
Cong. & S. S.: Beaver Run, $5.75; Aid Soc: 

Keyser, $10; Indv.: O. P. Jones, $5, 250.75 

Wisconsin— $11.00 

Cong.: Rice Lake, $7; S. S. : Chippewa Val- 
ley, $3; Maple Grove, $1, 11.00 

Total for the month, $15,798.71 

Total previously reported, 57,211.87 

Correction No. 25, 20.00 

Total for the year, $72,990.58 


Indiana— $260.50 

Mid. Ind., Student Volunteers of Manches- 
ter College, $ 260.50 

Total for the month, $ 260.50 

Total previously reported, 3,155.41 

Total for the year, $3,415.91 

Pennsylvania — $131.42 

Mid. Dist., Student Volunteers of Juniata 

College, $ 131.42 

Virginia— $32.00 

Sec. Dist., Student Volunteers of Bridge- 
water College, 32.00 

Total for the month, $ 163.42 

Total previously reported, 226.00 

Total for the year, ^ $ 389.42 


Pennsylvania — $10.00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Bunkertown (Lost 
Creek), $ 10.00 

Total for the month, $ 10.00 

Total previously reported, 3,123.02 

Total for the year, $ 3,133.02 

Colorado— $64.38 

E. Dist., Aid Societies, $ 64.38 

Florida— $56.00 

Aid Societies of Florida and Georgia, 56.00 

Idaho— $30.00 

Aid Societies of Idaho and Western Mon- 
tana, 30.00 

Indiana— $96.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Societies, 96.00 

Iowa— $128.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Societies, 128.00 

Kansas— $76.50 

N. W. Dist., Aid Societies, 33.00 

S. W. Dist., Aid Societies, 43.50 

Missouri— $44.00 

No. Dist., Aid Societies, 44.00 

Ohio— $110.00 

N. W. Dist., Aid Societies, 110.00 

Oklahoma— $10.00 

Aid Soc: Oklahoma City, 10.00 

Pennsylvania— $95.00 

S. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Bethany, $10; Cov- 
entry, $25; Pottstown, $10, 45.00 

So. Dist., Aid Societies, 50.00 

Virginia — $82.00 

No. Dist., Aid Societies, 82.00 

Total for the month, $ 791.88 

Total previously reported, 1,027.65 

Total for the year, $ 1,819.53 

Arkansas — $13.00 

Cong.: New Hope, $ 13.00 

California— $3.20 

So. Dist., Cong. : A Sister (San Bernard- 
ino), 3.20 

Idaho— $103.00 

Cong.: Fruitland, 103.00 

Indiana— $10.87 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: L. T. Holsinger & Wife 
(Delphi), $2; S. S. : Lower Deer Creek, $5.87, 7.87 

No. Dist., Indv.: Elsie Finley, $1, 1.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Florence Rigney (Upper 
Fall Creek), $1; Ethel Tutrow (Upper Fall 

Creek), $1, 2.00 

Iowa— $23.60 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Prairie City, : 20.60 

So. Dist., Cong.: Monroe County, 3.00 

Kansas— $27.70 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Veta V. Thompson 
(Victor Rock), 5.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Independence, $5; Par- • 
sons, $12.70; M. C. Shaefer (Mont Ida), $5, 22.70 
Michigan— $3.50 

Cong.: Pontiac, 3.50 

Missouri— $84.13 

No. Dist., Cong.: Smith Fork, 33.53 

So. Dist., Cong.: Broadwater, $45; S. S. : 

Jasper, $5.60, 50.60 

Ohio— $64.95 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: John Culler (E. Nimi- 
shillen), 10.00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Silver Creek, $31.41; 
Mrs. E. L. Taylor (Bellefontaine), $5; Cath- 
erine Brown (Fostoria), $1, 37.41 

So. Dist., Cong.: Wheatville (Upper Twin), 17.54 
Pennsylvania— $109.78 

E. Dist., Cong.: Heidleberg, $56; Lan- 
caster, $43.28, 99.28 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: 28th St. Altoona, 2.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pittsburgh, $7.50; Mary E. 

Bixler (York), $1, 8.50 

South Dakota— $5.00 

S. S.: Willow Creek, 5.00 

Virginia— $37.97 

No. Dist., Cong.: Frank Stultz & Wife 
(Crab Run, Upper Lost River), 5.00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Forest Chapel, $12.50; 
Ressie Kanost (Moscow), $10, 22.50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Smith River, 10.47 

Washington— $5.00 

S. S.: Mt. Hope, 5.00 

Total for the month, $ 491.70 

Total previously reported, 17,534.85 

Total for the year, $18,026.55 

P e nnsy 1 vania— $23 .00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Lancaster, $ 23.00 

Total for the month, $ 23.00 

Total previously reported, 669.23 

Total for the year, $ 692.23 

California— $16.45 

So. Dist., Cong.: San Bernardino, $ 16.45 

Denmark— $14.49 

Cong.: Thy, 14.49 



The Missionary Visitor 


Indiana— $4.00 . 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bremen, 4.00 

Missouri— $8.50 

Mid Dist., Cong.: Dorothy Oxley (Deep- 
water), 8.50 

Nebraska— $4.00 

S. S.: Arcadia, 4.00 

Ohio— $31.18 

So. Dist., Cong.: Wheatville (Upper Twin), 
$15.38; S. S.: Middletown, $5.80; Indv. : L. C. 

McCorkle, $10, 31.18 

Oklahoma— $100.00 

Cong.: Isaac Williams & Wife (Paradise 

Prairie), 100.00 

Pennsylvania— $79.86 

"S. E. Dist., Cong.: Geiger Mem. (Philadel- 
phia), $45; Wilmington, $27.36, 72.36 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pittsburgh, 7.50 

Sweden— $107.20 

Congregations of Sweden, 107.20 

Texas— $25.00 

Cong.: Ft. Worth, 25.00 

Virginia— $100.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Timberville, $50; Aid 
Soc: Timberville, $50.00, 100.00 


Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $4,095.86 

California— $24.75 

So. Dist., S. S. : Beginners' Dept., Pasa- 
dena, $10; Junior Dept., Pasadena, $12.75; 

Junior Class, Waterford, $2, 24.75 

Colorado— $64.01 

E. Dist., Cong.: Rocky Ford, 64.01 

Illinois— $40.84 

No. Dist., S. S. : Primary, Junior & Inter- 
mediate Classes, Bethel, 15.67 

So. Dist., S. S.: Junior Dept., Oakley, 
$21.10; Children of S. S., Panther Creek, 

$4.07, 25.17 

Indiana— $131.01 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Primary Dept., Salamonie, 25.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Robert Hanson (Au- 
burn), $1; Wayne W. Wagner (Yellow Creek), 
$1; S. S. : Junior Class, Oak Grove, $5; 
Children of S. S. : Pine Creek, $42; Children 
or S. S., Turkey Creek, $38; " Ever Ready " 
Class, Wakarusa, $10.50, 97.50 

So. Dist., S. S.: Junior League, Four Mile, 8.51 

Iowa— $57.33 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Junior & Primary Clas- 
ses, Bagley, 9.15 

No. Dist., S. S.: Children of S. S., Curlew, 
$29.68; Sheldon, $5; Junior & Intermediate 

Depts., So. Waterloo, $13.50, 48.18 

Kansas— $81.75 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : Primary & Junior Depts., 
Washington Creek, '. 44.66 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Primary Class, Mont 
Ida, 5.00 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Children of S. S., Mon- 
itor, 32.09 

Maryland — $20.50 

E. Dist., S. S.: Children of S. S. : Meadow 
Branch, 10.00 

-Mid. Dist., S. S.: Clayton Phillips. West 
Brownsville (Brownsville), $2; " Light Bear- 
ers " Class, Brownsville, $8.50 10.50 

Michigan— $16.17 

S. S. : Primary & Junior Classes, Shepherd, 16.17 

Missouri— $2.40 

So. Dist., S. S.: Children of S. S., Broad- 
water, 2.40 

Ohio— $301.37 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : Primary & Junior Depts., 
E. Nimishillen, $25.20; Junior & Intermediate 
Depts., Hartville, $47.15, fc 72.35 

X. W. Dist., S. S. : Junior Dfague, Logan, 
$65.40; S. S.: North Poplar Ridge (Poplar 
Ridge), $10; Junior Sunbeam Class, North 
Poplar Ridge (Poplar Ridge, $20.12 95.52 

So. Dist., S. S. : Junior Class, Georgetown, 
$8; Children of S. S. : Oakland, $12; Interme- 
diate & Junior Classes, Pitsburg, $40; Junior 

Dept., Salem, $73.50, 133.50 

Pennsylvania— $13.30 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Junior League, Martins- 
burg, 3.62 

S. E. Dist., S. S. : Primary League, Ger- 
bantown (Philadelphia), 8.50 

W. Dist., S. S.: Junior Girls' Class, Berkey 

(Shade Creek), 1.18 

Virginia— $385.45 

E. Dist., Cong.: Fairfax, 59.17 

No. Dist., S. S.: Junior League, Linville 
Creek, 25.07 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Elk Run, $20.55; Junior 
& Intermediate Classes, Middle River, ^$33, 53.55 

So. Dist., Cong.: Antioch, $41.54; Boone 
Mill (Bethlehem), $20; Brick, $55; Congs. of 

district, $131.12, 247.66 

Washington— $2.52 

S. S. : Children of S. S., Tacoma, 2.52 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $7,177.50 


California— $16.46 

So. Dist., S. S. : Junior Dept., Covina, ... 
Ohio— $3.00 

X. E. Dist., C. W. S., Junior, New Phila 


Pennsylvania— $3.64 

E. Dist., S. S. : Ridgely, 




Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $ 23.10 

B. Y. P. D.— 1927 
Illinois— $35.00 

No. Dist., Y. P. D. : Elgin, $ 35.00 

Indiana— $21.57 

No. Dist., Y. P. D.: Second South Bend, .. 11.57 

So. Dist., Y. P. D. : Anderson, 10.00 

Maryland— $30.61 

K. Dist., Y. P. D. : Myersville, 30.61 

Pennsylvania— $175.00 

Mtd. Dist., Y. 1*. D. : Lewistown, 175.00 

Virginia— $447.51 

No. Dist., B. Y. P. D.'s, 273.89 

Sec. Dist., S. S. : "Friendship Circle Class." 
Beaver Creek 60.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Antioch, ^33; Bassetts 
(Mt. Hermon), $o; Boone Mill (Bethlehem), 
$20; Brick, $25; Congs. of district, $30.62, .. 113.62 
Washington— $3.45 

C. W. S. : Omak, 3.45 

Total for the month 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, 


Illinois— $1.66 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Lottie Hunter (Mul- 
berry Grove), !j 

Kansas— $4.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Parsons, 

Oklahoma— $25.00 

Aid Soc: Big Creek, 

Pennsylvania— $566.91 

E. Dist., Cong.: Eld. J. G. Reber (Maiden 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Ruth P. Chilcoat (Augh- 
wick), $4; Mrs. J. H. May (Everett), $5; 
S. S.: Rockhill (Aughwick), $4.25, 

S. E. Dist., Cong. : Royersford, $19.40; S. S. : 
Royersford, $259.26, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Paul P. Hershey (York), 

.$ 713.14 

. 2,197.55 

.$ 2,910.69 







The Missionary Visitor 



Washington— $25.00 

Cong.: No. 103788 (Wenatchee Valley), .... 25.00 

Total for the month $ 622.57 

Total previously reported, 2,164.61 

Total for the year, $2,787.18 

Florida— $10.00 

Indv.: Rev. J. E. Young, $ 10.00 

Maryland— $80.00 

E. Dist., S. S. : Meadow Branch, 80.00 

Ohio— $100.00 

So. Dist., Indv.: Annie May Calvert, 100.00 

Pennsylvaniai — $10.00 

E. Dist., Indv.: C. C. Madeira, 10.00 

Total for the month, $ 200.00 

Total previously reported, 555.00 

Total for the year $ 755.00 

Ohio— $25.00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Sugar Creek $ 25.00 

Pennsylvania — $194.50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. W. S. Long (First 
Altoona), $82; S. S.: Class No. 32, First Al- 
toona, $17.50, 99.50 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Primary Dept., Par- 
kerford, $35, "Ever Faithful" Class, Royers- 
ford, $25; Y. P.: Christian Endeavor, Parker- 
ford, $35, 95.00 

Virginia— $85.00 

First Dist., S. S. : Women's Bible Class, 
First Roanoke, 35.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Women's Bible Class, 
Timberville, 50.00 

Total for the month, $ 304.50 

Total previously reported, 1,160.09 

Total for the year, $ 1,464.59 

India— $12.50 

No. Dist., S. S.: Pleasant Chapel, $ 12.50 

Maryland— $125.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Scott Y. Garner & Wife 
(Pipe Creek), $25; S. S.: "Sunshine Band," 
Meadow Branch, $25; Berean Bible Class, 
Blue Ridge College (Pipe Creek), $25; Pipe 

Creek, $50, 125.00 

Michigan— $25.00 

S. S.: Primary Dept., Woodland, 25.00 

North Dakota— $50.00 

S. S.: Beacon Light Class, Minot, 50.00 

Ohio— $37.50 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Junior Boys' Class, 
Fostoria, $25; Primary Classes, Pleasant 

View, $12.50, 37.50 

Pennsylvania— $340.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: Ridgely, $28; S. S. : Young 
Folks Class, Harrisburg, $25; " Other Folks" 
Class, Hatfield, $25; " Sunshine " Class, In- 
dian Creek, $12.50; Gleaners Class, Palmyra, 
$25; Onward Bible Class, Palmyra, $100; Pri- 
mary Dept., Palmyra, $50, _ 265.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : "Living Links" Class, 

Lewistown, $25; Williamsburg, $50, 75.00 

Tennessee— $25.00 

S. S. : Young People's Class, Meadow 
Branch, 25.00 

Total for the month $ 615.50 

Total previously reported, 4,619.56 

Total for the year, $5,235.06 

Pennsylvania— $30.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Gleaners' Class, Ephrata, $ 30.00 

Total for the month, $ 30.00 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $ 165.00 

Iowa— $52.75 

No. Dist., Cong.: Sheldon, $ 52.75 

Total for the month $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 

Illinois — $1.67 

So. Dist.. Cong.: Mrs. Lottie Hunter 


(Mulberry Grove), $ 

Pennsylvania— $189.33 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Royersford, $9.70; S. 
S.: Royersford, $129.63, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Dr. S. S. Conner (Waynes- 
boro), $25; Paul P. Hershey (York), $25, .... 
Virginia — $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: S. E. Wisman (Harrison- 
burg) , 





Total for the month $ 196.00 

Total previously reported, 1,772.23 

Total for the year, $1,968.23 


Missouri — $26.92 

No. Dist., S. S. 

Wakenda, $ 


Total for the month, $ 26.02 

Total previously reported, 300.33 

Total for the year, $ 327.25 


Missouri — $2.25 

No. Dist., S. S.: Intermediate Class, Wa- 
kenda $ 2.25 

Total for the month $ 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $ 77.98 


California — $12.50 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Friendship Bible Class, 

Pasadena, $ 12.50 

Maryland— $6.25 

E. Dist., S. S. : Mission Study Class, Long 

Green Valley, 6.25 

Ohio— $28.75 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Young People's Bible 
Class, E. Chippewa 12.50 

So. Dist., S. S.: Royal Bible Class, Middle 

District, 16.25 

Pennsylvania.— $425.00 

E. Dist., S. S. : Mechanic Grove, $25; In- 
termediate Boys' Class, Palmyra, $25; Loyal 
Workers Class, Palmyra, $75; Onward Bible 
Class, Palmyra. 50; " Sunbeam Class," Pal- 
myra, $50; Willing Workers Class, Palmyra, 
$50; Young Men's Bible Class, Palmyra, $100, 375.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Truth Seekers Class, 
Williamsburg, 50.00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $2,414.77 

Illinois— $9.82 

So. Dist., Cong.: Okaw, $8.15; Mrs. Lot- 
tie Hunter (Mulberry Grove), $1.67 $ 

Indiana— $63.70 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : "Helping Hand" Class, 
Eel River, /f 

No. Dist., Cong.: Iremen 

So. Dist., Aid Soc. : Loyal Circle, Grace 
(Indianapolis) , 






The Missionary Visitor 


Kansas— $17.57 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Independence, $5; Par- 
sons, $6.01 11.01 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Conway Springs, 6.56 

Maryland— $2.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: New Windsor (Pipe Creek), 2.00 

Ohio— $150.59 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Ashland, 5.00 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Primary Dept., Eagle 
Creek 129.34 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pitsburg, 16.25 

Oregon— $7.15 

S. S.: Portland, 7.15 

Pennsylvania — $297.08 

E. Dist., Cong.: Lancaster, $5; S. S.: Pri- 
mary Class, Annville, $12; D. V. B. S. : 
Palmyra, $65, 82.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Spring Run, 5.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Royersford. $9.70; B. 
K. G. (First Philadelphia), $10; S. S. : Brook- 
lyn Italian, $28.41; Royersford, $129.63, 177.74 

So. Dist., S. S.: Melrose (Upper Codorus), 32.34 
Virginia — $38.35 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Eugene L. Miller 
(Mill Creek), $7; S. S. : Several Classes of 
Timberville, $31.35, 38.35 

Total for the month, $ 586.26 

Total previously reported 6,013.10 

Total for the year, $6,599.36 

Indiana— $50.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Excelsior (Mt. Pleasant), $ 50.00 
Iowa— $5.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Lawrence Clark (Ottum- 

wa) 5.00 

Penn sy 1 vania— $225 .00 

E. Dist., S. S. : Gleaners Class, Palmyra, 
$25; Willing Workers Class, Palmyra. $100; 
Young Men's Bible Class, Palmyra, $100, .. 225.00 

Total for the month, $ 280.00 

Total previously reported, 607.64 

Total for the year, $ 887.64 

Ohio— $2.50 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Mary E. Swallen (Al- 
liance), $ 2.50 

Oregon— $13.00 

Cong.: Portland, 13.00 

Pennsylvania— $343.37 

E. Dist., Cong.: Midway, $115.52; Spring 
Creek, $75; Swatara, Little, $111.27; S. S. : 
Hannah Burner's Class. Midway, $6; Charac- 
ter Builders' Class, Midway, $4.35; Elizabeth 
Martin's Class, Midway, $5; Spring Creek, 
$6.23, 323.37 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: F. H. Mohr & Wife 
(Woodbury), 20.00 

Total for the month, $ 358.87 

Total previously reported, 2,089.34 

Total for the year, $2,448.21 

Ohio— $26.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Clara Knisley's Class. 
Salem, $ 26.00 

Total for the month, $ 26.00 

Total previously reported, 10.83 

Total for the year, $ 36.83 

California— $15.00 

No. Dist., Aid Soc. : Oakland, $ 15.00 

Colorado— $5.00 

E. Dist., Indv.: Laura V. Ullom, 5.00 

Florida— $50.00 

Cong.: Eva Heaglev Hurst (Zion), $25: 
Aid Soc: Sebring, $25, 58.00 

Idaho— $35.00 

Cong.: Emmett, $20; Aid Soc: Twin Falls, 

$15, 35.00 

Illinois— $31.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: C. J. Sell (First Chi- 
cago), $10; No. 140494 (Elgin), $10; Mrs. Geo. 
Laughrin (Hickory Grove), $10; Rosy Roos 

(Mt. Morris), $1, 31.00 

Indiana— $785.90 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Clear Creek, $36.90; 
Mexico, $58.96; Pleasant Dale, $33.68; Emma 
B. Hamilton (Huntington City), $10; S. S. : 
Santa Fe, $25; Aid Soc: Santa Fe, $25, 189.54 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bethany, $40; Bremen, 
$84.71; Cedar Lake, $17.10; Mt. Pleasant, $2; 
New Paris, $331.50; Osceola, $50; Elizabeth 
Hay (No. Liberty), $5; Bertha M. Neher 
(No. Winona). $20 550.31 

So. Dist., Cong.: Kokomo, $19.15; White, 
$1.90; Dora Mitchel (Maple Grove), $5; Chas. 
H. Ellabarger (Nettle Creek), $10; Indv.: 
Mrs. Maurice L. Scholl, $5; Omer White & 

Wife, $5 46.05 

Iowa— $46.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Des Moines, $5; Olin F. 
Shaw (Cedar Rapids), $10, 15.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Wm. V. Smith 
(Ivester), $5; Aid Soc: Greene, $10, 15.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Ethel Graham (Council 
Bluffs), $6; Everett Coffman & Wife (Eng- 
lish River), $10, 16.00 

Kansas— $163.00 

N. E. Dist.. Cong.: Sabetha, $35; B. Alles 
& Wife (Holland). $5; Mrs. Lydia Kimmel 
(McLouth), $15; Erne Steffey (Ozawkie), $1; 
Shuss Family (Sabetha), $15; Aid Soc: Over- 
brook, $5 76.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: J. W. and I. A. 
Eikenberry (Independence), $5; S. S. : Gales- 
burg. $7; Aid Soc: Galesburg, $25, 37.00 

S. W. Dist.. Cong.: Oliver & Hazel Aus- 
tin (McPherson), 50.00 

Maryland— $383.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: New Windsor (Pipe 
Creek), $68; Mrs. J. C. McKinney (Sam's 
Creek), $5; Mrs. Rebecca Myers and Family 
(Sam's Creek), $5, 78.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, $300; 

Wm. J. Leatherman (Longmeadow), $5 305.00 

Michigan— $95.75 

Cong.: Rodney, $3.75; Shepherd. $80; James 
Bennett and Wife (Long Lake), $2; John 
Landis & Wife (Long Lake), $5; Wm. Landis 

& Wife (Long Lake), $5, 95.75 

Missouri — $116.00 

Mid. Dist.. Cong.: Turkey Creek. $14; 
Erne Long (Kansas City), $37; S. S. : Mineral 
Creek. $50, 101.00 

So. Dist., Cong. : Mrs. Clav Dillon (Nevada), 

$5; Indv.; H. J. Masters & Wife, $10, 15.00 

Nebraska— $91.00 

Cong.: Bethel, $12; H. J. Miller (Alvo), 

$4; Indv.: Sidney Cripe, $75 91.00 

North Carolina — $19.50 

Cong.: Peak Creek, $6; Pleasant Grove, 

$7.50; Spindale, $6, 19.50 

Ohio— $692.14 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Ashland Dickey, $25.17; 
Chippewa, $102.47; E. Chippewa, $35; Goshen, 
$60; No. 103783 (Black River), $5; Lorena 
Horn (Goshen), $10, 237.64 

N. W. Dist.. Cong.: Dupont, $4; East 
Swan Creek, $20; Logan, $90; Marion, $25; 
A Sister (Black Swamp). $5; Leonard, Ella, 
and Harold Dodge (Lima), $3, 147.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: New Carlisle. $149.62; 
Poplar Grove, $77.88; Springfield, $25; Congs. 
of district, $20; John L. Mote & Family 
(Brookville), $5; Barbara & Mary West 
(Pleasant Hill), $5; Geo. W. Teeter & Family 
(Salem), $5; No. 103830 (West Branch), $20, 307.50 
Oklah oma— $ 16 .00 

Cong.: Bartlesville, 16.00 

Oregon— $12.00 

Cong.: Mabel 12.00 


The Missionary Visitor 



Pennsylvania— $1,089.62 

E. Dist., Aid Soc. : Lake Ridge, 10.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Aughwick, $32.67; Snake 
Spring, $66.44; Spring Run, $339.20; Wilbur 
O. Snyder (Tyrone), $5; Levi E. Greenawalt 
(Yellow Creek), $1; S. S. : "Living Links" 
Class, Lewistown, $10, 454.31 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Germantown (Philadel- 
phia), 500.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Buffalo, $17; No. 104202 
(Huntsdale), $5; Mrs. Otelia Hereter (Marsh 
Creek), $4; Mrs. Lillie Westfall (Mechanics- 
burg), $20, , 46.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Cowanshannock (Plum 
Creek), $3.10; Locust Grove, $11.04; Mt. Joy, 
$25.09; Plum Creek, $35.08; J. C. Reiman 

(Brothersvalley), $5, 79.31 

Texas— $5.00 

Indv.: Mrs. T. W. Range, 5.00 

Virginia— $2,299.19 

E. Dist., Cong.: J. A. Miller & Wife (Fair- 
fax), $4; S. S.: Young People's Class, Mid- 
land, $25 29.00 

First Dist., Cong.: Peters Creek, $292.50; 
Congs. of district, $851.78; Mrs. A. A. Hedge 
(Johnsville), $1; Sarah J. Fellers (Terrace 
View), $5; Mrs. O. E. Crush (Trinity, Trout- 
ville), $5; Aid Soc: Cloverdale, $50, 1,205.28 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cooks Creek, $78.30; 
Damascus, $2; Linville Creek, $155.83; Green- 
mount, $20; No. Mill Creek, $22.50; Powells' 
Fort, $5; Timberville, $452.16; Unity, $35; S. 
S.: Valley Pike (Woodstock), $51.87, 812.66 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Bridgewater, $72.25; 
Summit, $164; No. 104142 (Pleasant Valley), 
$10; Signora & Lula Hisey (Sangersville), $5, 251.25 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Nannie Sutphin (Red 

Oak Grove), 1.00 

Washington— $153.39 

Cong.: No. Spokane, $2.31; Tacoma, $15.33; 
Wenatchee Valley, $110.75; No. 103999 (Wen- 

atchee Valley), $25, 153.39 

West Virginia— $10.00 

1st Dist., Cong.: W. H. Muntzing (Green- 
land), $5; Elvie & Bertha Spaid (Tearcoat), 
$5, 10.00 

Total for the month, $6,113.49 

Total previously reported 60,006.97 

Total for the year, $66,120.46 

Illinois— $6.74 

No. Dist., S. S.: Franklin Grove, $ 6.74 

Total for the month, $ 6.74 

Total previously reported, 187.19 

Total for the year, $ 193.93 

Indiana— $100.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Michael Andes (Middle- 
town), $ 100.00 

Total for the month, $ 100.00 

Total previously reported, 1,485.00 

Total for the year, $1,585.00 

California— $1,087.78 

No. Dist., Lindsay Cong, for Dr. Ida 
Metzger, $196; Sunday Schools for Minneva 
Neher, $189.80, $ 384.80 

So. Dist., La Verne Cong, for L. A. 
Blickenstaff & Wife, $126.48; Long Beach S. 
S. for Lucille Heckman, $300; Sunday Schools 
of Southern California and Arizona for C. C. 

Heckman, $276.50, 702.98 

Canada— $550.00 

No. 103907 (Irricana) for I. E. Oberholtzer, 550.00 
Colorado— $50.00 
. E. Dist., S. G. Nickey (Colorado Springs) 

for Dr. Barbara M. Mickey, 50.00 

Illinois— $1,191.50 

No. Dist., Franklin Grove Cong.: for Ber- 

tha Butterbaugh, $223.34; Mt. Morris Cong. 
for Ruth Ulrey, $100; J. E. and Edna Wolf 
(Franklin Grove), for Mae L. Wolf, $200; 
F. H. Butterbaugh (Polo) for A. G. Butter- 
baugh, $25; First Chicago S. S. for F. E. 
Mallott, $150; First Chicago S. S. for Junior 
Mallott, $120; Mt. Morris S. S. for Sadie J. 

Miller, $102.25, 920.59 

So. Dist., Oaklev Cong, for Ida Bucking- 
ham, $120.91; Girard S. S. for Dr. Laura M. 

Cottrell, $150, 270.91 

Indiana— $667.00 
Mid. Dist., Sunday Schools for Mabel W. 

Moomaw, 175.00 

No. Dist., Sunday Schools for Mary 
Schaeffer and Marguerite Burke Budget, .. 75.00 

So. Dist., Rossville Cong, for Minerva 
Metzger, $117; Sunday Schools for W. J. 

Heisey, $300, 417.00 

Iowa— $375.00 

No. Dist., Ivester Cong, for W. Harlan 
Smith & Wife, $300; Waterloo City S. S. 

(South Waterloo) for Mary Shull, $75, 375.00 

Kansas— $616.83 
N. W. Dist., Sunday Schools for H. L. 

Alley, 50.00 

S. E. Dist., Parsons S. S. for Emma H. 

Eby, 4.10 

S. W. Dist., Pleasant View Cong, for F. 
H. Crumpacker, $12.73; J. D. Yoder (Mon- 
itor) for Lulu U. Coffman, $550, 562.73 

Maryland— $903.50 

B. Y. P. D.'s for Earl W. Flohr, 290.00 

E. Dist., Sunday Schools for Ethel A. Roop, 613.50 
Michigan — $137.79 

Phoebe M. Oaks (Woodland), for Ethel A. 
Roop budget, $75; Sunday Schools for Dr. J. 
Paul Gibbel, $52.79; Primary Departments 
for Haven Crumpacker, $5; Junior Depart- 
ments for Maurine Miller, $5, 137.79 

Missouri— $281.50 

Mid. Dist., Turkey Creek Cong, for Jen- 
nie Mohler, $28; No. 104323 (South Warrens- 
burg) for Jennie Mohler, $250; Happy Hill 

S. S. for Jennie Mohler, $3.50, 281.50 

Ohio— $1,397.43 

N. E. Dist., E. Nimishillen Cong, for Goldie 
Swartz, $100; Owl Creek Cong, for Lola 
Helser, $67.20; Olivet S. S. for A. D. Helser, 

$33.40, 200.60 

N. W. Dist., Lick Creek Cong, for Eliza- 
beth Kintner, $168.75; Eagle Creek S. S. for 
Lewis B. Flohr, $57.50; J. J. Anglemeyer's 
Y. P. Class, Eagle Creek S. S., for Julia A. 
Flohr, $57.50; Sunday Schools for Hattie Z. 

Alley, $363.08 646.85 

So. Dist., Sunday Schools for Elizabeth 

Baker, 550.00 

Pennsylvania— $3,991.63 

E. Dist., Chiques Cong, for Alice Graybill, 
$550; Indian Creek Cong, for Sara Shisler, 
$300; Peach Blossom Cong, for Anna Hutchi- 
son^ $70, 920.00 

Mid. Dist., Carson Valley Cong, for A. G. 
Butterbaugh, $98.35; Everett Cong, for Dr. 
Carl Coffman, $143.61; New Enterprise Cong. 
for Fred M. Hollenberg. $500; Ellis and Carl 
Beaver (Lewistown) for Minor M. Myers, 
$135; Albright Cong. & S. S. for Olivia D. 
Ikenberry, $20; Everett S. S. for Dr. Carl 

Coffman, $47.09, 944.05 

S. E. Dist., Green Tree Cong, for Nora 

Hollenberg, 125.00 

So. Dist., No. 104057 (Upper Conewago) for 
E. L. Ikenberry. $500; Sunday Schools for 

Adam Ebey, $297.40, 797.40 

W. Dist., Maple Spring, Tire Hill, and 
Quemahoning Congs. for Esther Beahm, 
$592.68; Scalp Level, Rummel, and Windber 
Congs. for Anna Z. Blough, $412.50; Sunday 
Schools of 7th Circuit, for Marie Brubaker, 

$200, 1,205.18 

Virginia— $1,922.82 

First Dist.. Oak Grove Cong, for Re- 
becca C. Wampler 25.00 

No. Dist., Greenmount Cong, for I. S. 
Long & Wife, $5, for F. J. Wampler, $5; 


The Missionary Visitor 


Pleasant View Cong, for I. S. Long & Wife, 
$12.55; Unity Cong, for I. S. Long & Wife, 
$58.40; Congs. for I. S. Long & Wife, $500; I. 
C. Senger & Wife (Greenmount) for Sara Z. 
Myers, $250; Sunday Schools for Dr. F. J. 
Wampler, $286, 1.116.95 

Sec. Dist.. Barren Ridge Cong, for Nora 
Flory, $108.78; Bridge water Cong, for Ella 
Flohr, $129.39; Lebanon Cong, for Chalmer 
Shull, $104.24; Pleasant Valley Cong, for 
Edna Flory, $10; Mae Lillie Cline (Lebanon) 
for Alfred Eugene Hollenberg, $90; Willie B. 
Cline (Lebanon) for Alfred Eugene Hollen- 
berg, $20; Bridgewater S. S. for X. A. Seese, 
$275, 737.41 

So. Dist., Cong, for Rebecca Wampler, 

$33.46; for Elsie Shickel, $10, 43.46 

West Virginia— $25.00 

First Dist., Aid Soc. : Eglon for Anna B. 
Mow 25.00 

Total for the month, $13,197.78 

Total previously reported, 48,264.11 

Total for the year, $61,461.89 

■J* .J* 


(Continued from Page 140) 

Southern Iowa 

English River 20 

Mt. Etna 20 

Northeastern Kansas 

Ottawa 20 

Northwestern Kansas 

North Solomon 20 

Eastern Maryland 

Baltimore 12 

Green Hill 10 

Long Green Valley 15 

Washington 34 


Thornapple 15 

Middle Missouri 

Happy Hill 12 

Southern Missouri and Arkansas 

Peace Valley 16 


Lincoln 30 15 

North Dakota 

Kenmare 14 

Northwestern Ohio 

Lick Creek 45 

Ross 20 

West Fulton 13 

Southern Ohio 
Happy Corner (Lower Stillwater) ...19 

Piqua 20 

Poplar Grove 31 

Salem 18 

Trotwood 25 

Middle Pennsylvania 

Geiger 14 

Huntingdon 25 

Spring Run 40 

Southern Pennsylvania 

Antietam 60 

Codorus 10 

Falling Spring 65 25 

Shippensburg 15 

Western Pennsylvania 

Pittsburgh 20 

Westmont 12 

First Virginia 

Lynchburg 15 15 

Peters Creek 15 

Oak Grove 10 

Roanoke, First 25 

Second Virginia 
Barren Ridge 85 


(Continued from Page 142) 

Also in January our hearts were made to 
rejoice when Julia Ann Flohr gave her life 
to Jesus and received baptism. 


On Jan. 5 the Annual Meeting of the 
Church of the Brethren Mission in Africa 
was held at Garkida. Bro. Kulp and Dr. 
and Mrs. Burke attended this meeting. We 
were sorry that Mrs. Kulp, also, could not 
be with us. She, with the help of Risku, 
carried on the work at Dille in their absence. 

Dr. and Mrs. Robertson are hard at work 
on the language, as well as helping Dr. 
Gibbel in the hospital. Due to the absence 
of a builder this year Dr. Gibbel has had 
to take charge of the erection of the Ruth 
Rover Kulp Memorial Hospital. 

An examination of the schoolboys revealed 
the fact that only three were physically 
normal. Thus the need for a school and 
village health program. In January alone 
there were 2.235 treatments (average of 71 
daily) given in the hospital. The people are 
learning to bring their fees for medicine. 
Regular services are held for patients, and 
the evangelistic spirit pervades all of the 
medical work. The doctor makes bimonthly 
trips to Gardemna to see after the needs of 
the sick there. 

Regular Sunday services are held at five 
other villages round about Garkida ; also 
Bible instruction and reading classes three 
times a week. Through the faithful efforts 
of the native Christian boys regular Sunday 
services have been held at Gardemna since 
Bro. Mallott went on furlough. Then the 
latter part of January Bro. Flohr and family 
took over the work there. That means a 
much-depleted staff in the evangelistic and 
school work at Garkida. But God is bless- 
ing the work and by his help we shall carry 
on as best we can. 

Both the native Christians and the mis- 
sionaries are praying as hard for the girls' 
school and the women's work as for any 
other one thing. The thirty some girls in 
school are doing very good work but the 
women's work is difficult. Polygamy sticks 
hard with those who have known nothing 
else. May God strengthen our faith, that 
some of the older men and women may be 
won for Christ. We have high hopes in 
the Christian boys who are taking such a 
strong stand on the side of monogamy. 

The Time: The week of May 6 to 1 3, 1 928. 

The Occasion: An every-member solicitation in every 
congregation in the Brotherhood (except where the 
church carries a full budget fully subscribed for a 
calendar year including a " share " for the general 
church needs). 

The Purpose: To secure sufficient cash and pledges in 
each congregation to make up its share for the year 
ending February 28, 1 929, in the Conference Budget 
of $389,000 authorized by Hershey Conference in 

The Plans: All the details have been placed in the hands 
of the treasurer and pastor or elder of each congrega- 
tion to work out locally. It was made possible for 
them to order enough free Gospel Messengers to give 
to each member. This special issue was fully descrip- 
tive of the great interests of the church represented 
in the " pooled " budget. 

Are you cooperating in your church " sharing in our 
common task " ? 

Council of Promotion 

Church of the Brethren 

J. W. Lear, General Director 
Elgin, Illinois 

(Representing by agreement all the Boards and interests in the Budget, organized 
to promote the 1928 campaign.) 


Church of the ^Brethren 


Vol. XXX 

June, 1928 

No. 6 

Forty-third Annual Report of the General 
Mission Board 

For the Fiscal Year Ending February 29, 1928 

Reports become more difficult and inade- 
quate as work increases — and perhaps more 
useless. Especially is this true of the mission 
work of the church. It deals with life, faith, 
character and the spiritual elements of life. 
These cannot be well evaluated or stand- 
ardized. The greatest blessings of world- 
wide evangelism are not represented in any 
statistics or even church membership alone, 
but in the Christian faith and hope that is 
permeating the thought life and conduct of 
people wherever Christ is lifted up. Neither 
does the report of any one year represent 
the zeal or effort of that year alone. The 
faith of departed ones is still bearing fruit. 
The gifts and work of the present generation 
shall have their richest harvest, perhaps, 
when we have passed on. So many have 
contributed in service, means, prayer, friend- 
ly counsel and criticism through the forty- 
three years since the first report that no 
one could give proper credit or value. The 
Lord has blessed your efforts and we praise 
him with all who have shared in the work. 


During the year many have volunteered 
for service, but owing to the limited funds, 
we sent but three to the foreign fields. 
These were Susan Stoner, of California, to 
India, and Dr. Russell Robertson, of North 
Carolina, and his wife, Bertha, from Illinois, 
to Africa. Feeling the need of strengthening 
the home churches, some increased effort 
was devoted to this work. Five years ago> 
we had 129 foreign missionaries under the 
support of the Board. Now there are but 
118 and some of these are detained from 
China and are temporarily supporting them- 
selves. Remembering that in this time we 
have increased the workers in Africa by 
fourteen, it is easily seen that there has been 
a reduction of 25 missionaries in the two old- 
er fields in these five years. While there has; 
been some sickness, and a few have re- 
turned home for this reason, yet there have 
been no deaths among our foreign workers 
during the year. 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

TERMS. — $1 per year or given free upon request 
to contributors of $4 or more to missions admin- 
istered by the Board. 


OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind., 

A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa, 1916-1929. 
H. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa., 1923-1932. 
J. B. EMMERT, La Verne, Calif., 1924-1931. 
LEVI GARST, Salem, Va., R. R. 1, 1925-1930. 


OTHO WINGER, President, 1912-1928. 

A. P. BLOUGH, Vice President, 1916-1929. 

CHARLES D. BONSACK, General Secretary, 
1921. * 

H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor, 1918. 

M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary, 1919. 

CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer, 1920. 

Note. — The bold type date indicates the year when 
Board Members were first elected, the other date the 
year when Board Members' terms expire. 

* Although Bro. Bonsack was not elected secretary 
until 1921 he has been connected with the Board 
since 1906. 

All correspondence for the Board should be ad- 
dressed to Elgin, 111. 


Forty-third Annual Report of General Mission 
Board 161 

Comparative Statement of Mission Funds 163 

Supports of Missionaries 164 

The India Mission 167 

Statistics J69 

The Africa Mission 171 

Statistics 173 

The Scandinavian Mission 174 

Statistics 175 

Financial Report (Annual) 176 

Statement of Gish Publishing Fund 188 

Will Bukar Walk the Road of Jesus? F. E. 

Mallott, 190 

John Comes Home from India, Alice K. Ebey 192 

Missionary Project Workers 194 

Notes from Our Fields 196 

The Junior Missionary 

Nurse Roop Writes to Brown Brothers Workers 198 

By the Evening Lamp 199 

Financial Report (Monthly) 202 


The work in India has gone forward un- 
hindered this past year. This is our oldest 
field and is now occupied by about 55 foreign 
missionaries under our Board, assisted by a 
staff of about 225 native workers. Baptisms 
were 365 for the year, which is a large in- 
crease over the year before. The church 
membership in India is now more than 3,800, 
with many more under Christian teaching. 
They had more than 4,000 in their various 
schools and gave about 30,000 treatments to 
patients in the hospitals during the year. 
No one can measure the extent of this serv- 
ice nor even imagine the need and oppor- 
tunity even among the 1.200,000 people in 
the territory assigned to us. 

The problems center around building self- 
supporting and indigenous churches and the 
best way of doing it, the kind of schools to 
educate toward self-support and the build- 
ing of Christian character, the wise use of 
native Christians in service, and many more 

too numerous to mention. But to see the 
growing Christian men and women, the hun- 
dreds of boys and girls in school, the in- 
creasing number of Christian families and 
the light of the Christ radiating from the in- 
creasing number of villages gives assur- 
ance of increasing reward to our faith and 
gifts in this land of religious hunger. 


The past year has been one of struggle 
in China. Civil wars, as they struggle for 
greater freedom, have torn the country, 
asunder only to deepen the patriotic pas- 
sion. This has made mission work difficult. 
But after the absence of missionaries for 
some months because of the American Con- 
sul's orders, ten of them were permitted to 
return and found the native church faithful 
and benefited for the most part by the brief 
experience of carrying the load. While years 
may be required for them to solve their 
national problems, it is the hour of urgent 


The Missionary Visitor 


need and opportunity to share the light of 
the world with them. Many feel the largest 
opportunity Christianity has ever had just 
lies ahead in China. 

While this is going on, the work has kept 
apace. The schools are more largely attend- 
ed than a year ago. The hospitals are busy. 
Evangelism has been hindered most, yet 
quite a few baptisms have taken place, but 
we have no definite reports for the year. The 
work has gone forward by men separated 
from their families. All have assumed the 
risk of their lives in a land of bandits and 
wars. Many at home are only too anxious 
to share the life of risk with their brethren, 
if the Board had the funds, or felt the con- 
ditions in China justified permitting them to 
go. Meanwhile many are helping in the 
home field or engaged in other work tem- 
porarily to help meet the financial situation. 
All these workers need our prayers and es- 
pecially the Chinese Christians who we be- 
lieve are the nucleus of an increasing church 
in that land. 


While the work in Africa is new, and we 
have been hindered from entering the larg- 
er territo^ hoped for, yet the work is go- 
ing forward. They have now three stations 
fairly well developed, have baptized more 
than a dozen, with others waiting, among 
whom is a woman or two. Their new hospi- 
tal provided by the Sisters' Aid Societies is 
nearing completion. Meanwhile they report 
more than 2,000 patients per month the past 
few months. But few can understand the 
difficulties in this pioneer field, where mis- 
sionaries must reduce the language to writ- 
ing, provide the scriptures and all literature, 
and in a climate almost unendurable for 
white people. But it is easy to believe that 
in 25 years the results may far exceed our 
hopes, if we are faithful to the need. 

Home Field 

History shows that the reaction to foreign 
missions has always been more zealous work 
at home. The past year increased attention, 
and investment of money was given to this 
work, and we believe wisely so. This was in 
the form of summer pastors, helping special 
places in isolated fields and District Boards 
that were facing special needs and opportuni- 

ties. Much careful study and sympathetic 
counsel and supervision was given by the 
Board through the Home Secretary. This 
phase of our home work needs continued 
support and the District Mission Boards wel- 
come our sympathetic cooperation. Loans 
on churchhouses have been extended so far 
as funds at hand permitted. These amounts 
could be increased with profit as well as the 
funds for the care of aged ministers and 
their dependent families. We cannot neglect 
the work in the home land, for more and 
more the pagan nations of the world are 
confused by what they learn of our Bible 
and Christ compared with what they hear 
through newspapers, and otherwise, of our 
conduct. Neither should we diminish our ef- 
forts in foreign missions lest we be found 
breaking the mirror that shows us our need 
of cleansing. 

Comparative Statement of Mission Funds 


1926-1927 1927-1928 Increase 

Contributions of liv- 
ing donors $236,312.66 $215,391.75 $20,920.91* 

Bequests and lapsed 
annuities, net income 
from investments, 
etc 77,901.20 61,225.42 16,675.78* 

Miscellaneous 966.54 966.54* 

$315,180.40 $276,617.17 $38,563.23* 
Endowments and an- 
nuities $78,188.01 $105,214.74 $27,026.73 

Relief donations 14,793.14 13,196.32 1,596.82* 


Administration $12,159.58 $13,486.41 $1,326.83 

Missionary education 15,836.31 18,833.53 2,997.22 

India Mission 159,558.68 173.051.01 13,492.33 

China Mission , 69,406.03 69,013.68 392.35* 

Sweden Mission .... 6,090.05 8,219.10 2,129.05 

Denmark Mission .... 203.05 132.67 70.38* 

Africa Mission 17,486.40 33,099.17 15,612.77 

Home Mission 33,208.73 49,301.63 16,092.90 

$313,948.82 $365,137.20 $51,188.37 

* Decrease. 

The foregoing statement shows how a de- 
crease in receipts and an increase in ex- 
penditures have resulted in the very large 
deficit of $97,404.64 shown in the auditor's 
balance sheet of the General Mission Board. 
This deficit is largely an operating deficit 
for the current year, inasmuch as the year 
for which the report is made started with 
but a nominal deficit of $8,884.61. If more 
nearly all of the authorized Conference Budg- 
et had been realized, instead of but 68%, 
the figures would have changed from a defi- 
cit to a surplus. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The decrease in the Board's mission in- 
come is a large contributing cause to the 
deficit. It is difficult to explain all the fac- 
tors entering into the matter of this shrink- 
age in income. However, an effort is made 
to do this in the Board's official report to 
Annual Conference to which reference is 
made for those interested. 

Under Expenditures we find more than 
$50,000 increase over the previous year. This 
fact, together with more than $38,000 de- 
crease in receipts makes apparent the net 
result at the end of the year. In explana- 
tion of the increase in expense, an analysis 
reveals the following: Under Administra- 
tion, the increase is due largely to help to 
Foreign Missions Conference and stocking 
up of receipt forms and other stationery. 
Under Missionary Education, the increase is 
due largely to special solicitor in the field, 
special descriptive literature, and increased 
postage. India increase is altogether in new 
buildings. China mission had certain reduc- 
tions in normal expense which was largely 
offset by expenses of about $5,000 incidental 
to war emergencies. The increase in Swe- 
den is in paying off the Malmo church loan 
by installments. Africa expenses doubled 
in the year. About one third of the in- 
crease is in supports of more people, 
about one-third in regular operations, and 
one-third in new property items, the latter 
largely in the construction of the Memorial 
Hospital. The increase in Home Missions 
lies in extra assistance tq weak Districts to 
the extent of $12,000; in pastorates, largely 
in now supporting two workers at Portland, 
Oregon; and for the construction of a new 
barn at the Greene County School. 

General Mission Board. 


The Workers' Corner and Women's De- 
partments have been omitted from this issue 
for want of space. As the June Visitor is 
regularly given over to the annual report, 
regular features must needs be omitted if 
space is not available. 

No report for this issue has come from the 
missionaries in China. Civil war with all 
the attendant irregularities makes it very 
hard for them to give a report of the usual 


The following individuals and organiza- 
tions are at present on our honor roll as 
financial supporters of workers on the for- 
eign field : 

California — 

Butterbaugh, Ira 3 two-thirds support of A. 
G. Butterbaugh, India. 

Covina Missionary Class, one-half support 
of Henry K. Oberholtzer (son of I. E. Ober- 
holtzer), China. 

" Harmony Class " and " The Gang at 
Home," La Verne congregation, Edward L. 
Brubaker (son of Leland Brubaker), China. 

La Verne congregation and Sunday-school, 
Lynn A. Blickenstaff and wife, India; John 
I. Kaylor, India. 

La Verne " Mothers' Class," Stephen Claire 
Blickenstaff (son of L. A. Blickenstaff), 

Lindsay congregation, Dr. Ida Metzger, 

Long Beach Sunday-school, Lucile G. 
Heckman, Africa. 

Northern California Sunday-schools, Min- 
neva Neher, China. 

Southern California Sunday-schools, Clar- 
ence C. Heckman, Africa. 

Colorado — 

Eastern Colorado congregations, Anna N. 
Crumpacker, China. 

Nickey, S. G., of Sterling congregation, Dr. 
Barbara Nickey, India. 

Idaho — 

Idaho and Western Montana Christian 
Workers' Societies, Anetta C. Mow, India. 

Idaho and Western Montana Sunday- 
schools, Dr. D. L. Horning, China. 


Cerro Gordo Sunday-school, Dr. A. R. 
Cottrell, India. 

Chicago, First, Sunday-school Elementary 
Depts., Floyd Mallott, Jr. (son of Floyd Mal- 
lott), Africa. 

Chicago, First Sunday-school, Floyd Mal- 
lott, Africa. 

Decatur Sunday school, Primary Dept., 
one-half support of Darlene Butterbaugh 
(daughter of A. G. Butterbaugh), India. 

Franklin Grove congregation, Bertha L. 
Butterbaugh, India. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Mt. Morris College Missionary Society, D. 
J. Lichty, India. 

Mt. Morris congregation, Ruth Ulery, 

Mt. Morris Sunday-school, Sadie J. Miller, 

Northern Illinois and Wisconsin Sunday- 
schools, Kathryn Garner, India. 

Individuals and Sunday-schools of Okaw 
congregation, J. E. Wagoner, India. 

Virden Sisters' Aid Society, one-half sup- 
port of Leah Ruth Ebey (daughter of Adam 
Ebey), India. 

Virden and Girard Sunday-schools, Dr. 
Laura M. Cottrell, India. 

Wolf, J. E., and daughter, Edna, of Frank- 
lin Grove congregation, Mae Wolf, India. 

Indiana — 

Buck Creek congregation and Sunday- 
school, Nettie B. Summer, India. 

Manchester College Sunday-school, Laura 
J. Shock, China. 

Manchester College Student Volunteers, 
Clara Harper budget, $500, Africa. 

Manchester Sunday-school, Alice K. Ebey, 

Mexico congregation, Lillian Grisso, India. 

Middle Indiana Sunday-schools, Mabel W. 
Moomaw, India. 

Northern Indiana Sunday-schools, Mary 
Schaeffer, China; Marguerite Burke, budget, 
$550, Africa. 

Rossville congregation, Minerva Metzger, 

Southern Indiana Sunday-schools, W. J. 
Heisey, China. 

Ladies' Missionary Society, First South 
Bend, partial support Dorothy Summer 
(daughter of B. F. Summer), India. 


Cedar Rapids Sunday-school, Emma Horn- 
ing, China. 

Dallas Center Sunday-school, Helser budg- 
et, $500, Africa. 

Heagley, Rebecca, Mary K. Coffman 
(daughter of Dr. Carl Coffman), China. 

Ivester congregation, partial support, W. 
Harlan Smith and family, China. 

North English and English River Sunday- 
schools, Nettie M. Senger, China. 

Panther Creek Sunday-school, one-half 
support of Olivia D. Ikenberry, China. 

South Waterloo Sunday-school, Jennie B. 
Miller, India. 

South Waterloo Christian Workers' So- 
ciety and Aid Society, A. S. B. Miller, India. 

South Waterloo Sunday-school, " Loyal 
Helpers' Class," one-half support of Jose- 
phine Miller (daughter of A. S. B. Miller), 

South Waterloo Sunday-school, Primary 
Department, Marjorie Miller (daughter of 
A. S. B. Miller), India. 

South Waterloo Sunday-school, Intermedi- 
ate and Junior Departments, Lorita Shull 
(daughter of C. G. Shull), India. 

Waterloo City congregation and Sunday- 
school, Mary S. Shull, India. 

Kansas — 

Northeastern Kansas Sunday-schools, Ella 
Ebbert, India. 

Northwestern Kansas Sunday-schools, 
Howard L. Alley, India. 

Southwestern Kansas congregations, Frank 
H. Crumpacker, China. 

Yoder, J. D., of Monitor congregation, Lu- 
lu U. Coffman and Myrtle Pollock, China. 

Maryland — 

Hagerstown congregation, Harlan J. and 
Ruth F. Brooks, India. 

Middle Maryland Sunday-schools, H. P. 
Garner and B. F. Summer, India. 

Eastern Maryland Sunday-schools, Ethel 

A. Roop, India. 

Y. P. D. of Maryland, D. C. and Delaware, 
Earl W. Flohr, Africa. 

Michigan Sunday-schools, Dr. J. Paul Gib- 
bel, Africa. 

Michigan Sunday-schools, Primary Depart- 
ments, Haven Crumpacker (daughter of F. 
H. Crumpacker), China. 

Michigan Sunday-schools, Junior Depart- 
ments, Maurine Miller (daughter of A. S. 

B. Miller), India. 

Oaks, Phoebe M., of Woodland congrega- 
tion, Ethel A. Roop budget, $150, India. 

Missouri — 

Middle Missouri congregations, one-half 
support of Jennie M. Mohler, India. 

North Carolina — 

Fraternity congregation, one-half support 
of Dr. Russell L. Robertson, Africa. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Bear Creek congregation, Anna M. Lichty, 

Cleveland and East Nimishillen congrega- 
tions, Goldie E. Swartz, India. 

Covington congregation, I. W. Moomaw, 

Eagle... Creek Sunday-school, one-half sup- 
port of Lewis B. Flohr (son of Earl W. 
Flohr), Africa. 

J. J. Anglemeyer's. Y. P. Class, Eagle 
Creek, one-half support of Julia A. Flohr 
(daughter of Earl W. Flohr), Africa. 

Freeburg Sunday-school, Sue R. Heisey, 

Happy Corner Sunday-school (Lower 
Stillwater congregation), Betty Jean Brooks, 
(daughter of H. J. Brooks), India. 

Hartville congregation, Anna B. Brum- 
baugh, India. 

Lick Creek congregation, partial support, 
Elizabeth Kintner, India. 

Northwestern Ohio Sunday-schools, Hattie 
Z. Alley, India. 

Olivet congregation, A. D. Helser, Africa. 

Olivet Aid Society. Esther Mae Helser 
(daughter of A. D. Helser), Africa. 

OavI Creek congregation, one-half support, 
Lola Helser, Africa. 

Pleasant View Sunday-school, Ellen H. 
Wagoner, India. 

Salem congregation, Minnie F. Bright, 

Southern Ohio Sunday-schools, Elizabeth 
Baker, China. 

Trotwood congregation, Elizabeth Ober- 
holtzer, China. 

Pennsylvania — 

Albright congregation and Sunday-school, 
one-half support of Olivia D. Ikenberry, 

Beaver, Ellis and Carl of Lewistown con- 
gregation, Minor M. Myers, China. 

Brandt, D. E., and family of Upper Cone- 
wago congregation, E. L. Eikenberry, China. 

Carson Valley congregation, one-third sup- 
port of A. G. Butterbaugh, India. 

Chiques congregation, Alice M. Gra}^bill, 

Conestoga congregation, Ida Buckingham, 

Coventry congregation, H. Stover Kulp, 

Eastern Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, 
Kathryn Ziegler, India. 

Everett congregation, Dr. Carl Cofrman, 

" Good Samaritan Bible Class," Walnut 
Grove congregation, one-third support of 
Anna Hutchison, China. 

Green Tree congregation, Nora Hollen- 
berg,. India. 

Huntingdon congregation and college, J. 
M Blough, India. 

Indian Creek congregation, Sara Shisler, 

Johnstown Sunday-school, B3T011 M. Flory, 

Maple Spring (Quemahoning congrega- 
tion), Esther Beahm, Africa. 

Palmyra congregation, J. F. Graybill, 

Peach Blossom congregation, two-thirds 
support of Anna Hutchison, China. 

Pittsburgh and Greensburg congregations, 
Leland S. Brubaker, China. 

Richland congregation, B. Mary Royer, 

Salunga Sunday-school (E. Petersburg 
congregation), Baxter M. Mow, India. 

Scalp Level congregation, Dr. H. L. 
Burke (full support), Africa. 

Seventh Circuit Sunday-schools, Marie W. 
Brubaker, China. 

' Shade Creek, Rummel, Scalp Level and 
Windber congregations, Anna Z. Blough, In- 

Southern Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, 
Adam Ebey, India. 

Spring Creek congregation, Eliza B. Mil- 
ler, India. 

Waynesboro congregation, Martha D. 
Horning, China. 

Western Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, Ida 
Shumaker and Olive Widdowson, India ; 
Grace Clapper, China, and William M. 
Beahm, Africa. 

Mechanicsburg Sunday-school, " Willing 
Workers' Class/' Lois Mow (partial support) 
(daughter of B. M. Mow), India. 

Western Pennsylvania Young People's 
Council, Marguerite S. Burke, Africa. 

Tennessee — 

Sunday-schools of Tennessee, Anna B. 
Seese, China. 

(Continued on Page 195) 



The Missionary Visitor 


The India Mission 

Report for 1927 

ONLY a few of the outstanding features 
of this great work can be included 
in this brief yearly report. Details, 
admitted to be important, must be omitted 
with the hope they will appear in the full 
5-year report in contemplation. 

In almost every department of the work 
optimism reigns. Churches report increas- 
ing membership, wider influence, more spir- 
ituality, a deeper interest in preaching the 
word and in the distribution of gospels and 
tracts. A new church building, made possible 
by the generous gift of a good brother in 
America, adds much to the interest and con- 
venience of the congregation at Umalla. 

The Bulsar and Vyara churches report a 
good interest in the tithing of income, the 
latter having raised upwards of Rs. 4000 to- 
ward the erection of a church building. 
These two churches have Indian pastors, par- 
tially supported by the congregations. At 
Bulsar Govindji K. Satvedi is in full charge 

as presiding elder. Several churches report- 
ed elections and ordinations. At Jalalpor 
two deacons were chosen and one elder or- 
dained, viz., B. M. Alow. At Anklesvar 2 
ministers were elected, and I. W. Moomaw 
and Mithalal Amthabhai were ordained eld- 
ers. At Vyara the Indian pastor, Jivanji 
Haribhai, was ordained as an elder. 

The Anklesvar church has taken over 
d'rect responsibility for management of 
evangelistic work. A scheme was initiated 
this year whereby the five churches of Gu- 
jarat plan to manage the evangelistic pro- 
gram of their districts, including village 

Emphasis has been placed on village evan- 
gelistic work. Touring among villages of 
the various districts has been general. A 
new village school was opened at Palghar. 
At Umalla in a village where for thirteen 
years the effort appeared fruitless a Bhil, 
his son, three other vouths, and the father 

Photo by E. Kintner 

ELDER G. K. SATVEDI AND FAMILY. Brother Satvedi whose first name is Govindji and his 
wife Kankubai are faithful workers. She was left an orphan by the famine of 1900. Besides caring for 
her family she spends several hours daily at the dispensary where she talks to the women who come 
for medicine. Govindji also speaks to the men who come to the dispensary. He edits a small Gujarati 
paper issued under the direction of our mission. He is pastor and elder of the Bulsar church. He has 
written articles for our church papers. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Photo by E. Kintner 

N. V. SOLANKY AND FAMILY. Brother Solanky and wife, Benabai, live at Khergam at the new 
girls' school about thirteen miles east of Bulsar. He supervises the district schools and evangelistic 
work and his wife is one of the teachers and house mother in the girls' school. 

of the boarding school boy, faced strong op- 
position and accepted Christ. Patiently and 
•devotedly a village teacher in the same ter- 
ritory endured the shameful persecution of 
Tiis father, finally winning parental favor 
with no denial of his Lord. 

In several places, Hindu Missionary So- 
cieties have made strenuous effort to win 
back Christians to Hinduism. A few tempted 
away have tasted again the flesh pots of sin 
and then returned to the Christian fold. 

Of general interest and importance is the 
opening this year at Navsari by Brother and 
Sister B. M. Mow, of an effort to win Mo- 
hammedans to Christ. 

Educational work has been carried on with 
good results. In schools everywhere effort 
has been made to strengthen and encourage 
teachers. In the Vyara Girls' Boarding 
School one teacher brought twenty-two new 
pupils into her primary class. At Dahanu a 

High School graduate has been added to the 
teaching staff, and the matron there has, 
with marked effort, improved the spiritual 
and moral uplift of the girl pupils. A Board- 
ing School for girls opened at Khergam, fif- 
teen miles from Bulsar, has met with splen- 
did success. The schools at Jalalpor and 
Anklesvar show marked progress and in the 
latter a class is being prepared by the head 
master for vernacular final examinations. 
Bulletin boards in classrooms and character 
sheets in the hostel are proving valuable at 
Anklesvar. At Jalalpor for the first time 
girls from the fisher people were enrolled 
in the school. Emphasis generally at Vada 
has shifted from the station to the district, 
and the station Girls' School was closed. 
Both girls and boys are now provided for in 
a promising District Boarding School. 

Boys' Boarding Schools continue to pros- 
per. More boys apply for admission than 



The Missionary Visitor 


Photo by E. Kintner 

MISSION. Left to right Madhev, who was one of 
the first men baptized by Brother Wilbur Stover. 
The next is Ranchod (now deceased), who was one 
of the first Christians to work with Brother Stover. 
The third is Valjibhai, whose family came t® Bulsar 
in 1901. He is the father of Elder Solanky, shown in 
another picture. 

can be accommodated. At Vyara a course 
in agriculture for fifth and sixth standards 
under an agricultural specialist provides work 
in both classroom and field. At Palghar the 
Boys' School has been registered. Every- 
where parents are showing improved inter- 
est by providing more of the necessary 
clothing for children, and students are more 
willingly taking up work in industrial proj- 
ects. At Bulsar and Wankal the manage- 
ment was, toward the close of the year, 
placed in the hands of Indian Managing 
Committees. Practically every station re- 
ports splendid results in the matter of bap- 
tisms from among Boarding School pupils. 
Our Special Schools are steadily improving 
courses and even the Government is be- 
coming interested in practical and classical 
courses as are offered in both our Voca- 
tional Training School and School of Prac- 
tical Arts in Anklesvar. More industries 
are being developed ; attention to business 
accounting on individual plots is being giv- 
en ; graduates are being prepared for teach- 
ing and home founding in the schools. 

In the Vocational Training School, besides 
gardening and farming, Agricultural classes 
have taken over poultry raising. Carpenter 
classes have found practical work in assist- 
ing with building the Rhodes Memorial Hall. 
Family life and self-government in hostel 
groups and the Farm Boys' Cooperative 
Bank are proving successful. 

The main medical work, at Bulsar and 

Dahanu, has been carried on with very 
satisfactory success. At Ahwa, Vada, and 
Umalla medicine is dispensed, and in almost 
every village visited by missionaries much 
good is accomplished in the distribution of 
simple remedies. 

The new hospital at Dahanu has proved a 
great blessing to high and low caste, rich 
and poor. Especially in obstetrical cases, all 
expectations have been exceeded. The motor 
dispensary is proving a success in reaching 
many patients living great distances from 
the station. Needy cases from far places 
come in to the hospital for treatment. 

The health of the Christian community has, 
for the most part, been good. Bubonic 
plague in a virulent form is in Bulsar and 
surrounding villages, but up to the close 
of the year none of the Christian community 
has become infected. 

The year marked the passing into eternal 
rest of three of the oldest Indian Mission 
workers, Elder Lallubhai Kalidas, Ranchhod 
Madhav and Jivan Muktaji. 

Early in the year, the Mission was visited 
with profit and encouragement to all, by the 
Home Board's Deputation, Brethren Bon- 
sack and Yoder. 

L. A. B. 

India Mission Statistics, 1927 


































1894 | *57 | 15 | 3 | 18 | 21 | 

I 9 

12 of this number on furlough. 






Mission Stations 























Umalla-Vali * 









* No report from Umalla 









The Missionary Visitor 



Mission Stations- 

Native Staff 

The Church 













































P. 2 




£ o 


Anklesvar . 


Dahanu . . . 
Jalalpor ... 


















• 1 


















9| 380 




























Totals |223[ 10|151| 62] 12] 63l36516,123|3,824|2,62912,3541 95|4,316[2,596 






o 1 


Elem. Schools 

High & Mid. 

Ind. Schools 

Teach. Train. 






to" tn 

<u ^ 
« ca 

* P 

TJ 1 

Mission Stations 
































1— 1 
























































, |4,026|13613,637|2,97816591 15[3131219| 91 1 4| 59| S7\ 2| 2] 17| 11| 6] 46 





Hospitals and Dispensaries 










Mission Stations 

























































































































Ahwa 1 - - - 1 - - - 1 - - - 








Bulsar 1 

1 1 1 
















..." 2J 1 












Vada | 



Totals | 1| 3| 2| 1|...| 2| 3| 2| 28|420| 3|29,597| 81|531| 40|544|13,6Ol|28,132|ll,537 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Africa Mission 




It is encouraging when for each year we 
can see some distinct steps in advance in the 
educational work. Perhaps the year 1927 
can be characterized by at least two such 
steps. (1) It was the first year when a good 
regular attendance was secured throughout 
the year. (2) The Girls' School was started 
in August of 1927. The endeavors of past 
years are bearing fruit and school is be- 
coming more or less a regular part of the 
community life at Garkida. A Christian 
community can scarcely exist without Chris- 
tian homes. Girls and women trained in 
Christian ideals must be the corner stones 
of such homes. 

The spirit of evangelism in the school has 
been very fine. The teachers in the school 
were made happy to see fifteen pupils take 
their stand for Christ on May 29. By this 
step they entered a class preparatory for 
baptism. On June 12, the first four appli- 
cants were baptized by the Church of the 
Brethren in Africa. All of these were young 
men who were attending the school at the 
time. While it is hoped to make the school 
as good as possible from the educational 
standpoint, yet the primary aim is to lead 
the younger generation of Buraland to Christ 
and to train them to be effective workers 
for him. 

The Boarding department of the Boys' 
School is making it possible to care for 
pupils who come from a distance, especially 
those who come from districts into which 
for the present we are not allowed by gov- 
ernment to carry on missionary work. There 
are thirty-four boys from such districts, 
twenty coming from one district alone. Some 
of these have already asked to be received 
into the Church. 

In August the Girls' School was begun. A 
good beginning has been made and although 
there are some hindrances to be overcome 
the work is gradually progressing. There 
were thirteen girls on the roll during the 
last quarter of the year. 

All of the foregoing report concerns the 
Educational work at Garkida. The teaching 

at Gardemna and Dille was largely confined 
to the instruction of the employees of the 
mission and missionaries who had gone from 
Garkida to these stations. 

Medical Work 

No physician was on our field the last 
three months of 1926. Dr. Gibbel arrived 
just as the year was closing. Taking into 
consideration that the work was new to him 
and that he was largely occupied at the be- 
ginning with language study, the progress 
of the medical work was quite commendable. 
Miss Harper assisted in the medical work 
throughout the entire year. Mrs. Helser, 
who is a trained nurse, helped in operative 
work. Dr. and Mrs. Burke returned from 
furlough in December and proceded to Dille 
station. Dr. and Mrs. Robertson came to the 
field at the same time. Both Mrs. Burke and 
Mrs. Robertson are trained nurses. The 
Robertsons have been stationed at Garkida 
for language work. At the same time they 
will be of great assistance to Dr. Gibbel who 
has taken charge of the erection of the 
Ruth Royer Kulp Memorial buildings. Risku 
and Yamta, the medical assistants, rendered 
valuable services throughout the year. Risku 
accompanied the Burkes to Dille. 

After the middle of the year the work in- 
creased rapidly. There were over 300 new 
cases the third quarter. During the same 
period 700 vaccinations were done in the 
vicinity of Garkida and Gardemna. Smallpox 
broke out in the Whona tribe not far from 
Gardemna Station and Dr. Gibbel spent 
three days in the endemic area, performing 
about 350 vaccinations. 

As the year closes the work continues to 
grow. In December alone there were 1,459 
treatments. An examination by Dr. Robert- 
son of 102 schoolboys revealed the fact that 
only three were physically normal. This be- 
speaks a great need for a community health 

In laboratory work several cases of Hook 
Worm were demonstrated. These discoveries 
will be helpful in making plans for future 
sanitation and health work. The evangelistic 


The Missionary Visitor 


spirit pervades all the medical service. Reg- 
ular services are held for patients. Risku, 
the hospital assistant, was one of the first 
four to be baptized in June. 

It should be mentioned that dispensary 
work was carried on at both Gardemna and 
Dille. Hundreds of treatments were given. 
Ulcers and fevers were the most common 

Building and Industrial Work 

Four residences were built in the beginning 
of the year, two at Garkida, one at Dille, 
and one at Gardemna. The group of indus- 
trial buildings was also completed in the 
fore part of the year. They will open the 
way for the carrying out of the industrial 
program of the school. As the year closed 
the work of building was centered upon the 
Ruth Royer Kulp Memorial buildings. These 
number three — a hospital, a doctor's resi- 
dence and a nurse's residence. 

In industrial education, in addition to rope 
making, mat weaving, carving native axe 
and hoe handles, considerable work was done 
in weaving and some first lessons were given 
in carpentry. Near the close of the year 
under the guidance of the instructors, the 
native looms were made to weave cloth 
much wider than the ordinary Bura cloth. 
A keen interest was shown by the Buras in 
this for it touches their own life. Cotton 
weaving is one of their principal industries. 

All the boys in the school have a period 
each day when they work. They have been 
used to help in the building and to keep por- 
tions of the mission compound under cul- 

The dignity of manual labor is being up- 
held and an outlet to a larger and fuller life 
is being made ; a life that shall be adapted 
to their own conditions and which will ful- 
fil their own needs in a Christian community. 

Language and Literature 

In the preparation of Literature the Lan- 
guage Committee cooperates with the Edu- 
cational and Evangelistic Departments. Dur- 
ing the year lessons in Hygiene and Arith- 
metic were put in mimeograph form for 
use in the schools. A portion of Pilgrim's 
Progress has been translated and is used as 
material for the reading classes in the school. 

Old Testament Stories has been received 
from the press. A Song and Worship Book 

containing some forty songs and hymns in 
Bura as well as a goodly number of scrip- 
ture selections has been sent to the press. 
The Book of Acts has been translated and 
as the year closes is ready to be sent to the 

Perhaps the most important Language 
work of the year has been the compiling of 
a Bura-English vocabulary. The most help- 
ful feature of this has been the standardiza- 
tion of the spelling of these Bura words. 

The six new missionaries as well as those 
sent to Dille have been engrossed in the 
study of a new language. In consideration of 
the fact that neither literature on these 
languages nor trained teachers are available 
commendable progress has been made. 

Evangelistic Department 

The year 1927 will be outstanding for at 
least three reasons. It witnessed the first 
baptisms and the beginning of the indigenous 
church. In 1927, the first village to do so, 
erected its own " church and school " build- 
ing and asked for a teacher. Two new sta- 
tions were opened. 

At Garkida there were forty-five young 
men who had publicly convenanted to follow 
Christ. These were in classes for instruction 
until they would be sufficiencly matured in 
biblical knowledge and character to warrant 
baptism. Four were baptized on June 12. 
What a glorious event ! We wish that every 
member of the Church of the Brethren might 
have been there to receive the inspiration 
and to extend the right hand of fellowship. 
(Nine others were baptized early in January 
at the time of the 1928 Annual Meeting of 
the Mission.) 

The work of witnessing and the giving of 
this group at Garkida is indeed gratifying. 
They support one of their own number who 
goes three times a week to conduct reading 
and Bible classes in a village some three or 
more miles away. They paid for the erec- 
tion of a small building at Dille which is 
used as a church and school building. In 
addition they have contributed to many local 
needs about Garkida. Some of their num- 
ber have conducted morning prayers daily 
in the two villages nearest the mission sta- 
tion. They are frequently called upon to 
conduct services in near-by villages and even 
at the Mission Station. After Bro. Mallott 


The Missionary Visitor 



Photo by Clarence Heckman 

OLESHO AND MATAGI. Matagi is the woman 
who recently expressed her desire to follow Christ. 
She is likely to become the first full fledged Chris- 
tian woman in the Africa Church of the Brethren. 
When asked if she counted the cost of being the 
first Bura woman Christian and possibly the only 
one for a while, she said, " I will follow him re- 
gardless of the cost." 

went on furlough, two from their number 
went weekly and conducted services at Gar- 
demna over the week end. This meant a 
walk of twenty-five miles or more. 

A beginning of the village " church and 
school " idea has been made. The village of 
Wiaku Kwatigar erected their own structure 
and asked for a teacher. One of the Bura 
Christians goes three times a week to con- 
duct Bible and Reading classes. Preaching 
is also held on Sunday. Four boys and two 
men have expressed the desire to become 
Christians. As the year closes other villages 
are making plans for similar church and 
school projects. 

The coming to the field of the single sis- 
ters has given an impetus to women's work. 
In two villages classes twice a week are 
held for women. 

Three evangelistic tours were made from 
Garkida. Twelve villages were visited. 

New Stations 

In the month of March both Gardemna 
and Dille were occupied. At both places it 

(Continued on Page 195) 







































1922] 20 | 

J 9 | 2| 


























co tn 

rt > 
fa v 












u m 




_c * 



D Ih 

J3 ■£ 







Garkida | 1| 5| 4| 24| 37|286.40 








Elementary Schools 















2| 85| »13|$35.40 



Hospitals and Disp. 















Mission Station 























































Garkida | 1| 1| 1| 1| 8) 1| 50| 9|1,118|5,129 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Scandinavian Mission 

Report for 1927 

J. F. Graybill 


Since last year's report we have had the 
happy privilege of having with us the Mis- 
sion Embassy, Brethren Bonsack and Yoder. 
While their time was rather limited they 
were able to take a hasty survey of the work 
here, visiting all the stations and holding 
services at all of them. We can not say 
they took a survey of the field. The field is 
the entire country, and we work only in the 
most southern province. They seemed to ob- 
serve more development in the work than 
we who are constantly on the job. 

We were also glad for Brother and Sister 
Winger's visit, if one can call it a visit. 
They were with us over night, all in all 
thirty-six hours. The best use was made of 
the short time and Brother Winger, who is 
used to work on high pressure, got a fairly 
good idea of our work. By the aid of rapid 
transit, the Ford, he was able to visit four 
of the five stations and preach a sermon in 
the Malmo church, in the evening. 

Sunday-school and Junior work is moving 
along nicely with a steady increase in at- 
tendance and interest. One addition to the 
work in Malmo is open air services in one 
of the suburbs of the city during the summer 
months. People who never attend church 
services stop at these meetings and in this 
way receive a gospel message. 

Our joint Young People's Organization is 
growing in number, interest and influence. 

The Olserod Mission is now well equipped 
for work, having during the past year erect- 
ed and dedicated a new and convenient 
house of worship in a good location. During 
special occasions the capacity of the house 
is tested. There has been a steady growth at 
this place. Lately two were baptized and 
there is an applicant awaiting baptism. The 
writer held a series of meetings at this place 
in January which was well attended. 

The young sister in preparation as evangel- 
ist was obliged to change her course on 
account of her health. 

Our District Meeting has been one of the 
best of its kind since in Sweden. We have 
made a change in order to give time to 

more devotional meetings. This has proved 
to be practical, and there is a desire to con- 
tinue this order. The spirit of the time is 
such as calls for more effort in fostering the 
spiritual side of life. There is so much to 
suppress the most vital side of our religion, 
and all efforts must be put forth to counter- 
act worldly tendencies. 

Last year one of our splendid young men 
of the Malmo Church went to the States, 
and at this writing one of our young sisters 
is about leaving. Both these young members 
have been active in church work and we do 
not like to see them leave us. We need 
them here. But since they have left, we are 
glad to help them to a place where they will 
have fellowship with the church of their 
choice. Our loss will be some others' gain. 
We are glad to hear of the good and friend- 
ly manner in which they are received and 
pray that they may enjoy their new homes 
and be of service to the Master in a strange 

When you have the ear of our heavenly 
Father, remember the work of the Lord in 
Scandinavia. We need power, divine wisdom 
and grace. 


The work in Denmark is still alive and 
fighting the good fight of faith. These mem- 
bers, with large families, hold the doctrine 
of our church dear to their hearts and are 
interested in the spiritual welfare of their 
children. They lack the proper leadership. 
We were glad the Mission Embassy was able 
to make a passing visit to this work. We are 
sure that during their short visit they could 
see what is needed, and what the possibili- 
ties might be under the proper leadership. 
We would not in the least reflect on the 
workers there, but age and other duties un- 
fit them for the service required. 

The Thy Church in Denmark, where the 
possibilities are greatest for our work, have 
decided, on account of the deficit in the Gen- 
eral Mission Treasury, not to urge their 
needs at this time, but instead try and re- 
lieve the Board by establishing a Ministerial 
Support Fund, with weekly contributions, to 


The Missionary Visitor 


help support the family to be sent some 
time in the future, when the Lord's Treasury 
in the Church of the Brethren is able to 
bear the expense involved. Does not this 
prove faith, hope and good will? May the 
Lord crown their efforts and blessing is sure 
to follow. 

After reenforcement comes to Sweden, we 
will be able to give more time and encour- 
agement to the work in Denmark, but this 
will not fully suffice. They need a family to 
live among them and shepherd them and win 
others to the fold. 





S P 


Vannaberga | 2| 

Malmo | 2j 2 

Olserod | 0| 1 

Kjavlinge I 1| 

Simrishamn | 0| 0| 


0| 0| 

3|350| 31| 0| 0| 37| 554| 2| 2| 1| 0| 1| 0| 68|$ 304.05 $124. 55 $ 614.93 

2|141| 27| ' 

1160| 30| 

0| 72| 1| 

0| 6| 0| 0| 0| 0| 7\ 1| 1| 0| 0| 0| 0| 0| 7| 20.00| 35.00| 

45J 47 l 38| 487| 4) 3| 1| 0| II 1| 2 
16| 0| 35| 47 1 4j 4 1| 3 0| 
0| Oi 37| 127| 2| 0| 1| 0| 0| 2| 

55| 832.70J 61.19| 935.S 
30 1 160.00| 19.33J 445.79 
101 10.001 10.001 120.00 

| 5| 3| 1| 2| 6[729| 89| 61| 47|147|1,222| 13| 10| 4| 3\ 2| 3| 2|170|$l,326.75l$25O.07|$2,151.60 


Missionaries' supports, including taxes Kr. 7.219.56 

Native workers' support, 6 11,035.00 

Traveling expense 1.755.00 

Rents 1.323.50 

Property expenditures 128.21 

Publication 663.10 

Total Kr. 22.124.37 

Kroner 3.73 equal $1.00. J. F. Graybill, Treas. 







































1 ^ 




























« P 




Thy | 

1| 11 3| 32 

I 1 

11| 2| 1| 2| 1 

46| l$876.46 


lj 0| 0| 12 



38| 4| 1| 1| 3 


:| 3[ 44 1 27| lj 12| 49 1 6| 2| 3\ 4[ 64|$16.00|$876.46 


Traveling expense Kr. 114.08 

Property expenditures 206.70 

Publication 239.79 

Total Kr. 560.57 

J. F. Graybill, Treas. 


The Missionary Visitor 



of the General Mission Board of the Church of the Brethren 
For the Year Ended February 29, 1928 


Income — 

World Wide- 
Contributions reported in Visitor $ 72,990.58 

Conference Budget— 1927 (Schedule 14) ... 28,543.58 

Special Supports (Schedule 20) 1,040.25 

Mission Building and Contingent Reserve 

(Schedule 18) 60,000.00 $ 162,574.41 

India Mission (Schedule 1) 41,549.09 

China Mission (Schedule 2) 17,810.72 

Sweden Mission (Schedule 3) 1,110.36 

Denmark Mission (Schedule 4) 8.95 

Africa Mission (Schedule 5) 33,508.99 

Home Missions (Schedule 6) 20,054.65 

Memo — 

From living donors 215,391.75 

From other sources 61,225.42 

Total Mission Income $ 276,617.17 

Deficit, February 29, 1928— 

World-Wide Missions 137,610.07 

Less balances — 

India funds (Schedule 1) 21,567.26 

China funds (Schedule 2) 2,213.00 

Africa funds (Schedule 5) 14,996.04 

Denmark funds (Schedule 4) 1,429.13 40,205.43 97,404.64 

Deficit, February 28, 1927— 

World-Wide Missions $ 61,955.44 

Less balances — 

India funds (Schedule 1) $ 34,109.78 

China funds (Schedule 2) 2,945.70 

Africa funds (Schedule 5) 14,586.22 

Denmark funds (Schedule 4) 1,429.13 53,070.83 $ 8,884.61 

Expense — 

Administration (Schedule 7) 13,486.41 

Missionary Education (Schedule 8) 18,833.53 

India Mission (Schedule 1) 173,051.01 

China Mission (Schedule 2) 69,013.68 

Sweden Mission (Schedule 3) 8,219.10 

Denmark Mission (Schedule 4) 132.67 

Africa Mission (Schedule 5) 33,099.17 

Home Missions (Schedule 6) 49,301.63 

Total Mission Expense 365,137.20 


J™J The Missionary Visitor 177 

as at February 29, 1928 

Cash in office 

Cash in bank 

Commercial Notes — short term 

Accounts Receivable — 

Foreign bills paid and advances 

Income Special 

Advances to Field Treasurers (Schedule 21) 

Total current resources 

General Securities — 

Church Extension Bills Receivable (Schedule 16) 
Contingent Investments Receivable 

Investments for Endowments and Annuities — 

First Mortgage Farm Loans 

City Real Estate Bonds 

Public Utility Bonds 

Railroad Bonds 

Brethren Publishing House 

Advances on Real Estate 

Less Reserve for investment losses 

Mission Deficit — 

Overexpended mission funds 


Notes Payable (Schedule 23) 

Transmission Certificates (Schedule 22) 

Specific Funds — unexpended balances — 

Ministerial and Missionary Relief (Schedule 13) 
Miscellaneous Funds (Schedule 14) 

Total current liabilities 77,116.19 

Reserve Funds — 

Mission Building and Contingent Fund (Sched- 
ule 18) 

Reserve for Mission Advances 

Special Funds — 

Church Extension Fund (Schedule 15) 

Contingent Agreements (Schedule 17) 

Endowment and Annuity Funds — 

Mission endowment balances (Schedule 9) .... 
Miscellaneous endowment balances (Schedule 


Endowment annuity bonds (Schedule 11) 

Mission annuity bonds (Schedule 12) 

$ 300.00 

$ 11,981.91 















$ 22,633.90 

$ 23,851.55 












The Missionary Visitor 




1. India Mission Fund 

Balances, March 1, 1927— 

Rhodes Memorial 

Fund $ 5,618.00 

Quinter Memorial 

Fund , 6,571.91 

India School Dormi- 
tory Fund * 2,375.00 

India Village Church 

Fund 950.00 

Anklesvar Church 

House Fund ...... 3,938.45 

Vyara Church Bldg. 

Fund 54.00 

Ross Auto Fund ... 1,500.00 

D a h a n u Hospital 

Bldg. Fund 13,102.42 $34,109.78 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported 
in " Visitor " — 
Student F. F.— 1926- 

27 • $ 2,277.27 

Student F. F.— 1927- 

28 389.42 

Aid Society Mission 

Fund— 1927 1,819.53 

Foreign Missions 

Fund 2,047.93 

Junior League— 1928 23.10 
India general dona- 
tions 2,787.18 

India Native Worker 755.00 
India Boarding 

School 1,464.59 

India Share Plan ... 5,235.06 
Quinter Memorial 

Hospital 165.00 

Anklesvar Church 

House Fund 249.04 

Dahanu Hospital . . 33.25 
Vyara Church Bldg. 

Fund 310.86 

India Hospitals 101.99 

India Widows' Home 20.01 

Missionary Supports 

(Schedule 20) 

Endowment income 

(Schedule 19) 

India general endow- 
ment 547.54 



Rohrer Memorial . . 



Bequests (Schedule 24) 


Total receipts 

From World Wide 
Fund to balance . . , 

Expenditures — 
American Missionaries — 


Medical expenses .. 

Furlough rents 

Sending to field 

Doctors' literature . 
To Annual Confer- 

Publications to field 
Unclassified expense 

$ 37,276.03 









Total expenses di- 
rected from home 

$ 46,137.57 

Annual Budget Ex- 
penses (Field Oper- 

Ahwa — 
Boys' Board. School $ 

Girls' Board. School 385.71 

Medical 170.66 

Property Expense . . 449.56 

Women's work .... 183.48 5,025.51 

Anklesvar — 

Evangelistic 3,440.35 

Girls Board. School 4,293.33 

Industrial School ... 199.68 

Property Expense .. 688.90 

Training School ... 310.01 
Vocational Training 

School 4,177.07 

Women's Work .... 385.29 

Less farm income .. 95.56 13,399.07 


Boys' Board. School 3,209.81 
Wankal Boys' Board. 

School 2.305.18 

Evangelistic ........ 2,662.06 

Khergam Girls' 

Board. School ... 916.36 

Industrial School ... 744.99 

Medical 2,169.57 

Property Expense .. 686.27 

Women's work 45.68 12,739.92 

Dahanu — 

Evangelistic 1,252.60 

Girls' Board. School 1,803.71 

Medical 370.88 

Property Expense . . 610.86 

Women's work 308.31 4,346.36 

Jalalpor — 

Evangelistic 4,286.83 

Girls' Board. School 2,354.20 

Property Expense .. 471.78 

Women's work 470.65 7,583.46 

Palghar — 

Boys' Board. School 3,336.19 

Evangelistic 772.42 

Industrial School ... 15.91 

Property Expense .. 151.09 4,275.61 

Umalla — 

Boys' Board. School 3,638.11 

Evangelistic 2,181.67 

Industrial School ... 38.18 

Medical 39.65 

Property Expense .. 572.73 

Women's work 692.73 7,163.07 


Boys' Board. School 684.37 

Evangelistic 1,954.14 

Girls' Board. School 377.66 

Property Expense .. 140.89 

Women's work 200.21 3,357.27 

Vyara — 

Boys' Board. School 4,363.64 

Evangelistic 4,363.64 

Girls' Board. School 2,936.82 

Industrial School . . 436.36 

Property Expense .. 480.00 

Women's work 656.36 13,236.82 

General — 

Administrative Of- 
fices 752.58 

Baby Home 1,259.83 

Bible School 1,582.56 

Council Fees 25.45 

Famine Relief Fund 160.48 

Furlough 7,315.36 

Income tax 70.52 

Landour Property 

Expense 184.99 

Language School . . 680.59 

Medical 275.05 

Miss. Child. Rent 

and Travel 1,030.05 

Publishing 537.45 

Released Workers' 

Fund ,,, 1,454.36, 


The Missionary Visitor 


Social Welfare 172.80 

Training 281.19 

Vacations 987.64 

Widows' Home .... 459.75 

Total Annual Budget 

New Property (new 
land, buildings and 

Ahwa — 

Fence (balance) 119.11 

Garage 439.00 

Anklesvar — 

Bungalow No. 4 .... 7,583.68 

Dept. Prin. House 2,869.23 

Land and grading . . 136.36 

Toilets 107.54 

Servants' Quarters .. 2,166.62 

Hospital Line Wards 7,918.02 
Toilets (balance) .. 218.22 

Dahanu — 

Hospital Line Wards 2,274.57 

Nurses' Home 2,788.54 

Toilets 109.09 

Jalalpor — 

Land and grading .. 454.54 
Workers' Quarters 403.83 

Palghar — 


Total New Property 
projects completed.. 

Cost of partly com- 
pleted projects (to be 
itemized when com- 

Less — the same last 

year 8,050.56 

— exchange adjust- 
ment 731.87 

Actual New Property 

Gross expenditures ... 

Less — gain in ex- 
change — 
On Annual Budget 
















On New Property 




Balances, February 29, 


Rhodes Memorial 



Quinter Memorial 



India School Dormi- 

tory Fund 


India Village Church 



Anklesvar Church 

House Fund 


Vyara Church Build- 

ing Fund 


Ross Auto Fund ... 



2. China Mission Fund 
Balances, March 1, 1927— 

Liao Chou Girls' 

School Building .. $ 813.00 

Liao Chou X-Ray 

Fund 1,732.70 

Ping Ting Girls' 

Dormitory Fund . 400.00 $ 2,945.70 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported 

in " Visitor " — 

Foreign Missions 

Fund $ 1,023.96 

Junior League— 1926 820.13 

China general dona- 
tions 1,968.23 

China Native Worker 327.25 

China Boys' School 77.98 

China Girls' School 17.74 

China Share Plan .. 2,414.77 

China Hospitals 26.51 

Liao Chou Hospital 57.23 6,733.80 

Missionary Supports 

(Schedule 20) 10,872.82 

Endowment income 

(Schedule 19) 141.00 

Bequests (Schedule 24) 63.10 

Total receipts 17,810.72 

From World Wide 
Fund to balance ... 50,470.26 

$ 71,226.68 

Expenditures — 
American Missionaries — 

Supports $31,041.52 

Medical expense 138.63 

Educational 85.34 

Furlough rents 1,447.17 

Sending to field .... 440.02 
Doctors' literature . 60.00 
To Annual Confer- 
ence 243.03 

Publications to field 89.65 
Exchange on silver.. 15.25 
War emergency ex- 
pense 3,517.17 

Unclassified expense 102.62 

Total expenses di- 
rected from home 

office $ 37,180.40 

Annual Budget Ex- 
penses (Field Operating) 

Liao Chou — 

Rent $ 42.51 

Repairs 136.51 

Boys' School 1,204.18 

Girls' School 857.06 

Men's Evangelistic . 1,247.75 
Women's Evangel- 
istic 823.24 

Medical 1,762.76 

Language Teacher . 102.00 

Miscellaneous 86.77 6,262.78 

Ping Ting- 
Rent 50.00 

Repairs 384.35 

Boys' School 1,276.41 

Girls' School 951.56 

Men's Evangelistic 1,154.64 

Medical 2,434.41 

Language Teacher . 131.00 

Miscellaneous 135.93 

Middle School 1,994.29 8,512.59 

Shou Yang — 

Rent 29.73 

Repairs 145.52 

Boys' School 1,702.97 

Girls' School 529.72 


The Missionary Visitor 


Men's Evangelistic 858.70 
Women's Evangel- 
istic 95.56 

Medical 598.21 

Language Teacher . 193.80 

Miscellaneous 142.97 

Tai Yuan- 
Rent 639.52 

Repairs 30.75 

Men's Evangelistic 500.85 
Women's Evangel- 
istic 95.03 

Language Teachers 18.00 

Miscellaneous 30.10 

General — 

Agency Hire 375.00 

Building Dept. Ex- 
pense Fund 49.00 

Furloughs 9,187.90 

Inter-furloughs 1,008.38 

Language School .. 324.60 

Miscellaneous 500.00 

Scholarships 55.00 

Tung Chou Tuition 68.75 
Chile, Shansi, Chris- 
tian Ed. Ass'n. ... 62.50 
National Christian 

Council 240.00 

Total Annual Budget 

New Property (new 
land, buildings and 

Liao Chou — 

Hospital beds 595.86 

Changing Girls' to 

Boys' School 4,070.75 

Hospital equipment 1,000.00 

Additional property 363.73 

X-Ray plant 732.70 

Furnishing private 

rooms in hospital 391.83 
Junior Church and 

S. S. equipment . . 71.94 

Agriculture equip. .. 18.00 

Ping Ting- 
Middle School Bldg. 

Shou Yang — 

Heisey Court 392.51 

Chinese Doctor's 

Residence 375.00 

Contagious wards .. 375.00 

General — 

Total New Property 
projects completed 

Cost of partly com- 
pleted projects (to be 
itemized when com- 

Less the same last 

Actual New Property 

Gross expenditures .. 

Less-Exchange gain- 
On Annual Budget 


On New Property 


Less-R e n t Tientsin 


Balances, February 29, 

Liao Chou Girls* 
School Building .. 

Liao Chou X-Ray.. 

Ping Ting Girls' 
Dormitory Fund . . 

3. Sweden 

Receipts — 

Contributions re- 
ported in " Vis- 











$ 71,226.68 


Missionary Supports 
(Schedule 20) 

Total receipts 

From World Wide 
Fund to balance .. 

Expenditures — 
American Missionaries — 



$ 1,110.36 


$ 8,219.10 


Personal taxes (two 

Publications to field 

32,257.93 , „' 

Annual Budget Ex- 
penses (Field oper- 


Publication $ 

Traveling expense . . 

Native worker 

Native Worker in 

$ 2,232.68 






Hall rent 

Traveling expense .. 



Olserod — 

Native Worker 

Property expense . . . 
Traveling expense . . 



Vannaberga — 

Native Worker 

Property expense .. 
Traveling expense . . 





Native Worker 

Hall and house rent 
Traveling expense . . 






Native Worker 

House rent 

Traveling expense .. 



Total Annual Budget 




New Property (new 
land, buildings and 

2,039.16 Malmo— 


71,477.49 building 

Gross expenditures ... 

Less-Exchange gain- 
On Supports 

On Annual Budget 





$ 8,219.10 



The Missionary Visitor 


4. Denmark Mission Fund 







Balance, March 1, 1927— 

Denmark Church- 

house Fund 

Receipts — 

Contributions re- 
ported in " Vis- 
itor " 

From World Wide 
Fund to balance .. 

E xpenditure s— 
Johansen traveling 


Interest on church 

loan . 

Publishing literature 
Property repairs ... 
Publications to field 

Gross expenditures .. 
Less Exchange gain- 
Refund 1926 advance 

Balance, February 29, 

Denmark Church- 
house Fund 

5. Africa Mission Fund 

Balance, March 1, 1927— 

Ruth Royer Kulp 

Memorial Hospital 

Fund $ 9,151.74 

General Fund 5,434.48 

Contributions reported 
in " Visitor " — 

A. S. F. M. F $ 3,133.02 

Foreign Missions do- 
nations 1,023.97 

Junior League— 1927 7,177.50 

B. Y. P. D.— 1927 .. 2,910.69 
Africa general do- 
nations 6,599.36 

Africa Share Plan .. 887.64 21,732.18 

Transfer from Miscel- 

laneous Funds 

(Schedule 14) 553.85 

Missionary Supports 

(Schedule 20) 11,222.96 

Total receipts 

Expenditures — 
American Missionaries 

$ 11,773.57 


Doctors' literature . 

Furlough rents 

Exchange on money 
To Annual Confer- 

Publications to field 
Return on furlough 
Outfit allowances .. 

Sending to field 

Unclassified expense 






Total expense di- 
rected from home 

nnual Budget Ex- 
penses (Field oper- 



$ 1,429.13 



$ 1,561.80 



$ 1,561.80 







Residence equip. .. 

Upkeep of premises 

Upkeep of shop and 


Total Annual Budget 

New Property (new 
land, buildings and 
Industrial Buildings 
Missionary Residence 


Ford auto truck ... 

Total New Property 
projects completed 

Cost of partly com- 
pleted projects (to 
be itemized when 

Less the same last 
year $ 689.03 

Less exchange ad- 
justment 19.29 

Actual New Property 

Gross expenditures .. 

Less Exchange gain — 
On Annual Budget 


On New Property 


Less Phelps - Stokes 
Fund gift 

Balances, February 29, 

Ruth Royer Kulp 
Memorial Hospital 

General Fund 












6. Home Missions Fund 
Contributions reported 
in " Visitor " — 
Student F. F. 1926-27 $ 1,138.64 
Home general dona- 
tions 18,026.55 

Greene County, Va., 
Mission donations 692.23 

Transfer from Mis- 
cellaneous Funds 
(Schedule 14) 

Total receipts 

From World Wide 
Fund to balance . . 

Expenditures — 
Aid to Districts — 


So. Virginia 

No. Illinois & Wis. 

Southern Iowa 


Northwestern Ohio 
Okla.,P.T.&N. Mex. 
Virginia Regional .. 

Northern Iowa 

Florida & Georgia . . 
















$ 48,095.21 

$ 20,054.65 


$ 49,301.63 


The Missionary Visitor 



Michigan . . . ; 


Northeastern Ohio . . 


Western Maryland 


Western Canada ... 


W. Pennsylvania ... 


So. Calif. & Ariz. .. 


Middle Missouri . . . 


N. D. & E. Mont. . . 


No. California 


Southeastern Kansas 


N. & S. Carolina .. 


First Virginia 




Idaho & W. Mont. 


Northern Missouri . . 


Southern Missouri . . 


Eastern Maryland.. 

300.00 $ 22,030.89 

Summer Pastorates — 

Canada circuits 


Maple Grove, Wis. 


Granada, Kansas ... 


Beaver, Iowa 


Pontiac, Mich 


Antioch, Va 


Georges Creek, Md. 


Galesburg, Kansas . 


Shelton, S. C 


Windber, Pa 


E. Virginia circuits 


Carthage, Mo 


Taylors Val., Tenn.) 

Flat Rock, N. C. ) 


Mountain Val., Tenn. 


Richmond, Ind 


Emmett, Idaho 


D. V. B. S.— E. Md. 


D. V. B. S.— Mich. 



5.85 4,088.43 

Regular Pastorates — 

Johnson City, Tenn. 


Fort Worth, Texas 


Broadwater, Mo. ... 


Rosepine, La 


No. St. Joseph, Mo. 


Portland, Ore. (with 



Fruitland and Cit- 

ronelle, Ala 

450.00 7,909.11 

Traveling Evangelists- 
Louisiana, W. Md., 
Okla., Sec. W. Va., 
Mo., Oregon (less 
offerings received) 

Miscellaneous — 

Rural Church Com. 


Pub. to workers 


Greene Co., Va., Mis- 

sion — School opera- 

tion — 

Workers' wages .... 






Light Plant 


Heating Plant 


Telephone dues 



School Equipment- 

Office supplies 


Dormitory equipment 



Farm Operation — 



Fertilizer and lime . . 




Cow peas and beans 

Cotton seed and calf 



Gas and oil 


Tires and repairs .. 


Auto and truck 








Farm Equipment- 
Fence 102.76 

Spray materials .... 24.73 

Small tools 45.88 173.77 

New Property — 

New Barn 2,422.92 

Storm Shed 75.00 

Silo 200.00 

Ensilage cutter 129.00 

Feed grinder 45.00 


Less cost of incom- 
pleted projects last 
year 38.32 

Actual New Property 
expense 2,833.60 

New Road 100.00 

Insurance Premium . 67.50 

Miscellaneous 8.70 176.20 

Total expense 10,554.11 

Less income from — 
Board, room and 

tuition 1,020.05 

Farm 802.48 

Miscellaneous 10.45 

Fire loss 10.32 1,843.30 

Home Secretary De- 
partment Expense — 

Advisory Council . . 

Information service 

Isolated members . . 


Office rent 

Office stationery and 

Postage and mailing 

Salaries and office 

Telephone and tele- 

Traveling expense .. 










$ 49,301.63 

7. Administration Expense 

General Secretary's De- 
partment — 

Boarding meetings . $ 641.59 

Foreign deputation 2,371.71 

Information service 36.75 

M e d ic a 1 examina- 
tions 27.00 

Contribution to Com- 
mittee of Ref. & 
Counsel 1,080.00 

Camp Harmony 
Conference 170.00 

Miscellaneous 54.62 

Office rent 247.00 

Office stationery and 
supplies 89.05 

Postage 95.78 

Salaries and office 
help 3,885.69 

Student Volunteer 
work 172.26 

Telephone and tele- 
graph 43.09 

Traveling expense .. 179.85 $ 9,094.39 

Treasurer's Depart- 

Auditing 136.31 

Fidelity Bonds 27.50 

Interest on borrowed 

money 287.50 

Miscellaneous 18.29 

Office rent 234.00 

Office stationery and 

supplies 829.19 

Postage and mailing 278.06 



Salaries and office 

Telephone and tele- 

Traveling expense . . 

lary Ed 














Total Administration 

8. Missioi 

Missionary Visitor — 

Illustrating $ 

Subscription blanks 
Printing and mailing 
(average circula- 
tion 13,300) 

Less paid subscrip- 


$ 8,383.48 

Net cost of "Visitor" 
Deputation work ... 

Mimeo supplies 

Missionary Educa- 
tion Movement .. 


Mission Study — 
Outside purchases 
Our publications . 

Office stationery and 

Traveling expense .. 

Pamphlets, leaflets, 


Postage and mailing 

Salaries and office 

Stereopticons and 

Telephone and tele- 


The Missionary Visitor 


Less sales of — 
Outside purchases.. 
Our publications ... 
Slide rentals 

Net general expenses 

Total Missionary Edu- 
cation Expense 





9. Mission Endowment 
World Wide- 
Balance, March 1, 


Receipts numbered— 

96689 $ 500.00 

99344 18.56 

99368 31.44 

99783 950.00 

101772 50.00 

102630 1,000.00$ 2,550.00 


Transfer from en- 
dowment annuities 
(death lapses) 
(Schedule 11) 34,520.00 

Total receipts 

Balance, Feb. 29, 1928 
India — 
Balance, March 1, 


Receipts No. 97270 . . 

Balance, Feb. 29, 1928 
Balance, March 1, 


No receipts 

Balance, Feb. 29, 1928 





$ 13,486.41 

$ 7,933. 


$ 18,833.53 



$ 2,350.00 

H. H. Rohrer Memorial- 
March 1, 



No receipts 


Balance, Feb. 29, 1928 1,000.00 

Total Mis. Endowment $566,498.84 

10. Miscellaneous Endowment 
Ministerial & Mission- 
ary Relief — 

Balance, March -1, 


No receipts 

Balance, Feb. 29, 1928 
Gospel Messenger — 
Balance, March 1, 

Receipt No. 100578 .. 




Balance, Feb. 29, 1928 
Gish Estate- 
Balance, March 1, 


No receipts 


Balance, Feb. 29, 1928 
D. C. Moomaw Memorial — 
Balance, March 1, 





Balance, Feb. 29, 1928 
Book and Tract — 

Balance, March 1, 


Receipts numbered— 

102314 $20.00 

103396 20.00 



Balance, Feb. 29, 1928 


Total Miscellaneous 


11. Endowment Annuity Bonds 

Balance, March 1, 


Receipts numbered — 

96820 $ 300.00 

96851 500.00 

97037 500.00 

97297 300.00 

97764 250.00 

97914 7,000.00 

98340 200.00 

99199 500.00 

99254 1,000.00 

99597 500.00 

99705 2,000.00 

100141 100.00 

100591 1,000.00 

100888 2,000.00 

100965 100.00 

100996 200.00 

101005 100.00 

101480 500.00 




102892 1,000.00 

102893 50.00 

103212 50.00 

102297 20.00 

Total receipts 



The Missionary Visitor 


Less — 

Transfers to World 
Wide endowment — 

(death lapses) „,--„«„» 

(Schedule 9) 34,520.00 

Balance, Feb. 29, 1928 $669,989.61 

12. Mission Endowment Bonds 

Balance, March 1, 1927 ' $ 28,643.62 

Receipts numbered— 

96561 $ 250.00 

96929 500.00 

97032 500.00 

97218 385.00 

97253 15.00 

97341 1,000.00 

97466 100.00 

97467 10,000.00 

97590 2,000.00 

100220 500.00 

101183 4,000.00 

101483 5,000.00 

101511 500.00 

102034 5,000.00 

102192 65.00 

102313 5,000.00 

102835 10,125.00 

103112 1,000.00 

103113 1,000.00 

103207 100.00 

103273 100.00 

103274 700.00 

103473 20,000.00 

J-208 35.00 

103587 1,000.00 

103960 1,000.00 

Total receipts 69,875.00 

Less — 
Transfers to Be- 
quests and Lapsed 
Annuities (death 
lapses) (Schedule 
24) 31,700.00 

Balance, Feb. 29, 1928 $356,438.50 

13. Ministerial and Missionary Relief 

Balance, March 1, 1927 $ 28,643.62 

Receipts — 

Donations $ 173.50 

Refunds on support 69.95 

Breth. Pub. House 
(Schedule 25) 8,000.00 

Conference Budget 
(Schedule 14) 9,845.53 

Gish Estate endow- 
ment (Schedule 19) 680.00 

General endowment .60 

Total receipts 18,769.58 


In, assistance to 
ministers, their 
widows or orphans 13,400.40 

Balance, Feb. 29, 1928 $ 34,012.80 

14. Miscellaneous Funds 

General Relief and Re- 
construction — 

Balance, March 1, 

1927 $ 145.01 

Donations reported 

in " Visitor "— 

Near East Relief ..$ 2,448.21 

Armenian Relief .. 


General Relief .... 


Mississippi Valley 

Flood Relief .... 



Total receipts 


Expenditures — 

Near East Relief, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 


Near East Relief, 

Indianapolis. Ind. 


Near East Relief, 

Omaha, Nebr. .. 


Near East Relief, 

New York 


National Red Cross, 

Washington, D. C. 


Russian Relief 



Balance on German 




Total expenditures . 

Balance, Feb. 29, 1928 



Sundry Balances* 

Japan Mission 


Philippine Mission . . 


Porto Rico Mission 


Arab Mission 


So. American Mission 


New Eng. Mission . 


Southern Native 

White Mission . . . 


Transfer to Home 

Mis. (Schedule 6) 


Cuba Mission 


Australia Mission .. 


Jerusalem Mission .. 


Colored Mission ... 


Colored Mission In- 




Transfer to Africa 

Mis. (Schedule 5) 


* Same balances as a year ago except as noted. 
Italian Mission — 
Receipts — 
Donations reported 
in " Visitor " ... 


Expenditures — 
Sent to D. M. B. 
S. E. Pa., N. 
& N. Y 

Student Loan Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 


Receipts — 

Donations reported 
in " Visitor " ... 

Conference Budget 

(Schedule 14) ... 

Repayment of loans — 





Total receipts 

Loans to students 

Balance, Feb. 29, 1928 
Stover Lecture Foun- 
dation — 
Balance, March 1, 


Receipts — 
Interest from in- 









The Missionary Visitor 


Balance, Feb. 29, 1928 335.67 

Gish Pub. Fund*— 
Balance, March 1, 
1927 3,692.28 

Receipts — 
By sales of books 1,414.85 
Gish Estate en- 
dowment (Sched- 
ule 19) 2,720.02 4,134.87 

Total receipts 7,827.15 

Purchase of books 4,468.84 
Printing, etc 31.53 4,500.37 

Balance, Feb 29, 1928 3,326.78 

* See details elsewhere in this issue. 
Conference Budget — 
Balance, March 1, 

1927 4,280.00 

Receipts — 

Contributions re- 

ported in " Visi- 
tor "— 

Conference Budget 66,120.46 
Conference Budget 

Designated 193.93 

March World Serv- 
ice 1,585.00 

Total receipts 67,899.39 


Expenditures — 

General expense — 

Literature and gen- 

eral printing 




Stationery and sup- 





Office rent 


Salaries and office 



Traveling expense 



Less expense balance 

from last year ... 



Distribution — 

World Wide Mis- 


Church Extension 

(Schedule 15) ... 


Ministerial & Mis- 

sionary Relief 

(Schedule 13) ... 


Student Loan 

(Schedule 14) ... 


General Sunday 

School Board . . . 


General Educa- 

tional Board 


General Ministerial 



General Music 



General Welfare 


American Bible 



Book and Tract Work- 

Balance, March 1, 




Endowment note 



Endowment income 

(Schedule 19) ... 1,696.54 
Sale of tracts .... 42.78 

Transfer from 

Tract Examining 

Committee 713.06 2,528.58 

Total receipts 4,646.73 

Missionary Gospel 

Messengers 511.00 

Rebates on endow- 
ments 68.80 

Tract mailing 138.01 

Tract publication 61.94 

Manuscripts 15.00 

Total expenditures 794.75 

Balance, Feb. 29, 1928 3,851.98 

Gish Testament Fund — 
Receipts — 
Sales by Brethren 
Publishing House 

(Schedule 25) ... 347.11 

Less Deficit, 
March 1, 1927 .. 143.14 

Balance, Feb. 29, 

1928 203.97 

Denmark Poor Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 

1927 2,334.44 

Receipts — none 

Expenditures — 

In assistance to 
Danish Brethren 100.40 

Balance, Feb. 29, 1928 2.234.04 

Total of Miscellaneous 
Funds $ 19,251.84 

15. Church Extension Fund 

Balance, March 1, 1927 $ 36,085.04 

Receipts — 
Contributions report- 
ed in " Visitor " ..$ 100.00 
Conference Budget 

(Schedule 14) 6,579.35 

Interest on loans . . . 97.46 

Total receipts 6,776.81 

Expenditures (Transfer)— 
Loss on Garfield, 
Colo, loan 50.00 

Balance, Feb. 29, 1928 $ 42,811.85 

16. Church Extension Bills Receivable 

Balance, March 1, 1927 $ 21,693.11 

Loans made — 

Brooksville, Fla. ...$ 800.00 

Battle Creek, Mich. 3,500.00 

Cleveland, Ohio .... 5,000.00 

Phoenix, Ariz 600.00 

Johnson City, Tenn. 5,000.00 
Total loans made .... 14,900.00 

Payments on loans — 

Vidora, Canada .... 300.00 

Oklahoma City, Okla. 38.11 

Mt. Garfield, Colo. .. 50.00 

Figarden, Calif 200.00 

Oakland, Calif 1,050.00 

Rockford, 111 800.00 

Fresno, Calif 500.00 

N. Spokane, Wash. 29.83 

Detroit, Mich 500.00 

Lakeland, Fla 160.00 3,627.94 

Balance Feb. 29, 1928 $ 32,965.17 


The Missionary Visitor 



17. Contingent Agreements 

Balance, March 1, 1927 $ 79,408.53 

Receipts — 
For year (7 items) . . 49,194.82 

Less — 
Transfers 3,294.64 

Balance, Feb. 29, 1928 $125,308.71 

18. Mission Building and Contingent Reserve 

Balance, March 1, 1927 $ 56,224.44 

Receipts — 

Contingent Invest- 
ments Receivable .$ 100.00 

Bequests & Lapsed 
Annuities (Sched- 
ule 24) 44,657.40 

Brethren Pub. House 
(Schedule 25) .... 36,697.18 

Investment Expense 
and Income (Sched- 
ule 19) 12,457.78 

Total receipts 93,912.36 

Expenditures — 
Transfer to World 

Wide Fund 60,000.00 

Transfer to Reserve 
for investment 
Losses (Sched. 26) 27,157.75 87,157.75 

Balance, Feb. 29, 1928 $ 62,979.05 

19. Investment Income and Expense 

Receipts — 

Interest received from — 
Endowment c o n- 

tracts $ 304.51 

Farm Mortgage 

loans 62,929.40 

Public Utility bonds 11,358.34 

Railroad bonds 1,933.48 

City Real Estate 

bonds 4,398|80 

Short Term loans .. 1,023.94 

Local bank balances 585.34 

Foreign bank bal. 199.84 

Total receipts $82,733.65 

Expenditures — 

Annuities paid 57,192.02 

Endowment income 

transferred — 

Rohrer Memorial 
(Schedule 1) ....$ 60.00 

India general 
(Schedule 1) .... 547.54 

China general 
(Schedule 2) ... 141.00 

Ministerial & Mis- 
sionary Relief 
(Schedule 13) ... .60 
Gish Estate- 
Pub. Fund (Sched- 
ule 14) 2,720.02 

Ministerial & Mis- 
sionary Relief 
(Schedule 13) ... 680.00 

D. C. Moomaw 
Memorial 525.19 

Book and Tract 
Work (Schedule 
14) 1,696.54 

Gospel Messenger 
(Schedule 25) ... 993.16 

C. C. W e n g e r 
Trust 180.00 7,544.05 

General expenses — 
Legal papers 5.35 

Annuity publicity 162.54 

Auditing 68.16 

Fidelity bonds .... 27.50 

Information service 79.20 

Legal services ... 37.55 

Loan agencies 240.02 

Miscellaneous .... 15.05 

Office rent 169.00 

Securities safe ... 964.80 
Office stationery and 

supplies 78.49 

Postage and mail- 
ing 164.64 

Recording fees ... 3.00 

Salaries and office 

help 3,251.00 

Telephone and tele- 
graph 42.85 

Traveling expense 230.05 5,539.80 

Total expenditures 70,275.97 

Net_ receipts to 
Mission Building 
and Contingent Re- 
serve (Sched. 18) 12,457.78 

$ 82,733.65 

20. Missionary Supports 

Receipts — 

Contributions report- 
ed in " Visitor " 
(credited to sup- 
porting accounts) $ 61,461.89 
Deficit, March 1, 1927 $ 14,451.37 
Transfers — 

Net receipts after 
charging off deficit 
were credited to — 

India Mission Fund 

(Schedule 1) $ 22,848.54 

China Mission Fund 
(Schedule 2) 10,872.82 

Sweden Mission Fund 
(Schedule 3) 1,025.95 

Africa Mission Fund 

(Schedule 5) 11,222.96 

World Wide Mission 
Fund 1,040.25 

Total transfers 47,010.52 $61,461.89 

21. Advances to Field Treasurers 

India Treasurer — 

March 1, 1927 .... 
Charged for — 

Drafts paid $155,000.00 

Advices sent 13,179.29 

Other transfers .. 871.17 

$ 32,357.87 


Credited for — 

Expenditures on 


Balance on field, 
February 29, 1928 . 

$ 31,617.76 

China Treasurer — 

Balance on field, 
March 1, 1927 .... 


Charged for — 

Drafts paid 43,640.00 

Advices sent 16,451.41 

Other transfers .. 950.49 


Credited for — 


Expenditures on 


Balance on field, 
February 29, 1928 . 



The Missionary Visitor 


Sweden Treasurer — 

March 1, 1927 .... 


Charged for — 

Draft remittances 
Other transfers ... 



Credited for — 


Expenditures on 


Balance on field, 
February 29, 1928 . 

Denmark Treasurer — 

Charged for— 
Draft remittances 267.50 
Other transfers ... 62.22 



Credited for — 

Expenditures on 


Balance on field, 
February 29, 1928 . 


Africa Treasurer — 

Balance on field, 
March 1, 1927 


Charged for — 

Funds transferred 

Advices sent 

Other transfers .. 





Credited for — 

Expenditures on 


Balance on field, 
February 29, 1928 . 


Greene Co., Va., Mis- 
sion Treasurer — 

Balance on field, 
March 1, 1927 .... 

Charged for — 
Advances by check 

Credited for — 
Expenditures in- 




Balance on field, 
February 29, 1928 . 

Total Advances to 
Field Treasurers ... 


$ 88,927.37 

22. Transmission Certificates 

Balance outstanding 

March 1, 1927 

$ 3,859.70 

Receipts — 


96621 ....$ 15.00 

J.204 .. 

..$ 8.47 

97025 .... 76.25 

100953 .. 

. . 10.00 

97161 .... 5.25 

100987 .. 

.. 5.00 

97191 .... 28.50 

101047 .. 

.. 41.50 

97255 .... 25.00 

101203 .. 

.. 5.00 

97328 .... 9.00 

101309 .. 

. . 4.05 

97403 .... 162.15 

101380 .. 

.. 37.75 

J.187 .... 100.00 

101579 .. 

. . 10.00 

97464 .... 34.35 

101621 .. 

.. 7.00 

J. 189 .... 137.71 

101677 .. 

.. 15.00 

97571 .... 33.00 

102061 .. 

. . 10.00 

97599 .... 10.00 

J.207 .. 

.. 4.00 

98460 .... 3.00 

J.207 .. 

.. 3.00 

98966 .... 161.00 

102241 .. 

.. 64.50 

99641 .... 2.67 

J.208 .. 

.. 102.00 

99786 .... 10.00. 

102475 .. 

.. 2.10 

99786 .... 10.00 

102583 .. 

.. 5.00 

99786 .. 

. . 10.00 

J.208 ... 

. 30.00 

99793 .. 

.. 17.00 

J.208 ... 

. 50.00 

99917 .. 

.. 20.00 

J.208 ... 

, . 50.00 

J. 199 .. 

.. 14.13 

J.208 .., 

,. 50.00 

100111 .. 

.. 43.00 

J.208 . . , 

.. 50.00 

100195 .. 

. . 10.00 

J.208 ... 

. . 50.00 

J.201 .. 

.. 396.42 

J.208 ... 

, . 50.00 

100195 .. 

. . 10.00 

J.208 .. 

. . 50.00 

100481 .. 

.. 5.00 

103177 .., 

. . 10.00 

100611 .. 

.. 7.00 

103319 ... 

.. 11.50 

100694 .. 

. . 16.00 

103377 .. 

.. 5.00 

100727 .. 

. . 20.00 

103426 .. 

.. 25.00 

100822 .. 

.. 3.00 

103528 .. 

. . 10.00 

100831 .. 

. . 18.60 

103662 .. 

.. 5.00 

100831 .. 

.. 6.15 

103703 .. 

.. 20.00 

100831 .. 

.. 6.15 

104454 .. 

.. 20.00 

J.204 . . 

.. 24.30 

Total receipts for which 
2508-2572 were issued 

Certificates Nos. 

Expenditures — 

Certificates redeemed 


Balance outstanding, February 29, 1928 $ 1,217.65 

23. Notes Payable 

Balance, March 1, 1927 633.90 
Receipts — 

Money borrowed .... 42,000.00 

Expenditures — 

Notes paid off 20,000.00 

Balance, February 29, 
1928 $ 22,633.90 

24. Bequests and Lapsed Annuities 

Receipts — 

From bequests — 
Numbered — 

96694 M. B. & C. R. $ 569.58 

97270 India 60.68 

97321 India 300.00 

97321 China 10.00 

97441 M. B. & C. R. 200.00 

99275 M. B. & C. R. 1,079.84 

99438 M. B. & C. R. 3,512.30 

99440 M. B. & C. R. 100.00 

99660 M. B. & C. R. 467.80 

99734 M. B. & C. R. 1,400.00 

100140 M. B. & C. R. 106.20 

100140 India 53.10 

100140 China 53.10 

100229 M. B. & C. R. 4,998.34 

101938 M. B. & C. R. 207.79 

103748 M. B. & C. R. 500.00 

104011 M. B. & C. R. 110.75 

Total from bequests . 
From lapsed annuities 

(Schedule 12) for M. 

B. & C. R 

$ 13,729.48 


Total receipts $45,429.48 

Expenditures — 
Transfers to — 
India Mission Fund 

(Schedule 1) 413.78 

China Mission Fund 

(Schedule 2) 63.10 

Advances, costs of 

estates 295.20 

Transfer to M. B. & 
C. R. (Schedule 18) 44,657.40 

Total expenditures 

and transfers $45,429.48 

25. Brethren Publishing House 

Receipts — 

1926-1927 earnings 
turned over $40,000.00 

(Continued on Page 194) 


The Missionary Visitor 


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The Missionary Visitor 


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(Continued from Page 197) 

by so doing to help each other and other 
Christian boys that will marry to live the 
Christian principle of monogamy. By build- 
ing relatively close they are making it pos- 
sible for their wives to attend the Girls' 
School. Two of these women are now read- 
ing in the Second Reader, one of whom has 
made commendable progress. They have 
daily Bible instruction and they are able 
to relate many of the Life of Christ Stories. 
Will you not pray for these three families 
and others that are looking forward to join- 
ing them? It would be more ideal if our 
boys could marry Christian wives. We are 
hoping that there will be some girls ready 
to decide for Christ soon. 

The motorcycle which the Sunday-school 
of the First Church, South Bend, Indiana, 
so graciously provided for the Africa Mis- 
sion, arrived here safely on its own feet, 
February 9. Dr. Gibbel made the trip from 
Jos to Garkida, a distance of 275 miles 
through the hot sun and sand, in 48 hours. 
This will be very useful especially to the 
doctors in making quick trips over roads on 
which it would be impossible for the Ford 
truck to travel, especially during some sea- 
sons of the year. 

The end of February finds the walls of 
the Hospital Ward and the Doctor's Resi- 
dence half way up. The building of the 
Memorial Hospital walls is being held up 
pending the arrival of some necessary 
building materials. The number of patients 
is increasing which makes it the more ur- 
gent that the buildings be completed to 
care for the increased number of in-patients 
and operative cases. A considerable number 
of lepers are coming for treatment. Lepers 
are not as yet isolated in this section of the 
country and perhaps that accounts for the 
large number of them. We trust that this 
month will be the dawning of a new day for 
the mothers of Buraland. 

We have appreciated the work Brother 
Kulp has done in completing the Bura Old 
Testament Stories. They recently arrived 
from the press and the boys in the school 
are literally devouring the contents. Boys 
fifteen to eighteen years old with only their 
seventh book to read. Recently one of the 
boys, having made a translation of the tenth 
chapter of John, asked one of the mission- 
aries to copy it that he might give it to 
some of his friends. They seem hungry for 
new truths in the Word of God. Thanks to 
faithful efforts of some of the missionaries, 
the Acts of the Apostles and a Hymn Book 
with some scriptures included are now in 
the press. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Will Bukar Walk the Road of Jesus 

Missionary to Africa 


THE Bura man who answers to the 
above name is a short, bustling little 
fellow with a small chin beard and 
half his teeth missing. He is much more 
inclined to stoutness than the average Bura, 
yet he is a source of exhaustless activity. 
Only the monkeys who spoil his cornfield 
can exceed him in the acrobatic skill dis- 
played in climbing a tree. 

From the moment of hearing his voice 
and looking into his eager eyes one realizes 
that here is a man of unusual friendliness 
and volatile good spirits. His ready laugh 
has a genuine ring, which warms the heart 
of even the slow and sober Nasara (white 
man). The Bura rates laughter as one of 
the highest moral virtues. Hence it is that 
Bukar is popular in the large village of 
Gardemna. For besides his geniality and a 
natural disposition to oblige, he possesses 
unusual skill as an herb doctor. Is a woman 
in difficult childbirth? Is the horse sick? 
Is some sleeper on the damp ground stricken 
with rheumatism? Is an abcess to be 

opened with a red-hot knife? Send for 

His beard and the absence of his teeth 
would make one think he is not far from 
forty years of age. Of course he does not 
know how many years he has lived in this 
world. He thinks it has been a very long 
time, for so much of it has been passed in 
hunger and trouble. From data which he 
gives it is clear that he is twenty-five or 
twenty-six years of age. A young man? 
No; a Bura of that age is considered a man 
of dignity and age. 

The first seven days of his life were 
passed inside a smoky hut — probably the 
same one in which he was born. His father 
presented the mother with two well-cooked 
chickens in token of his appreciation of her 
having borne him a son. Had the baby been 
a girl it is altogether probable the mother 
would have received no such gift ! The 
young babe was laid on a mat, and how 
the smoke must have tried his lungs ! In 
common with all the other newly born boys 
of East Buraland he was known by the 
name of Anjigwi, which means simply 
" little one," or " baby boy." At the age of 
several months the baby's hair is cut and 
he receives his name. 

When our subject's hair was cut his 
relatives and parents bestowed upon him a 
ponderous polysyllabic name which he him- 
self has almost forgotten. 

When his mother emerged from the hut 
she strapped her infant son to her back 
with a dirty cloth or a goatskin and pro- 
ceeded to the daily labor of the compound 
and field. She carried water, hunted fire- 
wood, cooked, planted, hoed, and harvested 
with her baby riding and sleeping on her 
back. If she was a careful mother she tied 
a calabash over baby's head when the trop- 
ical sun was strongest. 

For a period of between two and three 
years his mother's back was cradle and 
home. It was his- protection from the cold 
and his only protection. At night the 
warmth of his mother's body was his pro- 
tection from the penetrating night chill. 


The Missionary Visitor 


"What do the girls and women do these 
cold nights?" a group of Bura boys were 
asked. " You each have your luru [native 
blanket] and you sleep in it, but the women 
have none." 

" They sleep without any covering or else 
use mats," was the answer. 

" But the mats are not warm covers." 

" Oh, women are braver than men in the 
cold. They are used to it." 

Bukar's babyhood was in all respects that 
of a typical Bura baby. From the beginning 
they regulated his digestion by giving him 
a thin mixture of water and red river-mud 
(msha). Whenever the mother thought her 
baby thirsty she laid him across her knees 
and using her hand as funnel, funneled 
water down him. 

When he was about a year old the old 
women of the village said, " Don't you see 
water makes your baby vomit? He wants 
diva " (guineacorn mush). So his mother 
began to mix coarse native mush with the 
water she gave him. By the age of two 
diva had become his food and the older 
people of the compound were feeding him 
enormous quantities of it. Their method 
of determining when baby had enough was 
simple — they punched his stomach and if the 
skin had reached the limit of distention it 
was considered the baby was fed. 

Boyhood for Bukar was rather more cir- 
cumscribed than for Bura children of today. 
For he still lived in the era of slave stealing. 
No young child ventured out of sight of 
his father's compound. No man went to the 
field unarmed. Only the bravest ever made 
a journey of fifteen miles, and then only 
with trustworthy companions. So his world 
was very small. He rolled in the dirt among 
chickens and goats and yellow dogs and 
other naked children. They played, 
screamed, fought and idled away the days. 
They were all perpetually hungry, and kept 
a sharp lookout for any morsel of food that 
might be stolen. 

At night the boys of the compound 
crowded into a hut and slept on the floor. 
Of course the hut was vermin-infested, and 
during the long wet seasons the nights were 
rendered musical by the swarms of mos- 

"What do you do these nights?" a Bura 
man was asked. " We just lay and fight 

mosquitoes all night," was the answer. 

"But what do your children do?" 

" Oh, they sleep. They do not know the 
mosquitoes are biting them." 

The morning toilet of a Bura small boy 
was similar to the toilet of the compound 
dog which got up in the morning, stretched 
itself and shook its ears. Similar, I say; 
not exactly alike, for the boy omitted to 
shake his ears. If a light gray scurf of 
varying thickness gathered on his skin it did 
not matter. It got washed off in the rainy 
season if not before. 

The formal education of Bukar and his 
friends was slight. They listened to the long 
conversations and interminable arguments 
of their elders which incidentally instructed 
them in the proper conduct for a Bura. At 
night about the fires fables, ghost stories, 
and the lore of the tribe were recounted. 
Bukar's father began to take him along into 
the field where the lad commenced to hoe. 
And he began to learn the ancestral rote 
memory traditions by which a Bura regu- 
lates his farming. Bukar was ten or eleven 
years of age. " Soon you will be large 
enough to watch the goats," his father said. 
Thus his education progressed. 

Then the year of the famine came. Eng- 
lish official records show that it was the 
year 1912. A black smut or rust fell on the 
people's cornfields and their crop was almost 
a total loss. The wail of mourning went 
up in every village of Buraland. The old 
and sick resigned themselves to die. The 
strong went out to gather roots, grass seeds, 
and bark. Into the stricken country came 
the Moslem Kanurri traders, from the north. 
The people eagerly traded every article of 
wealth they possessed for grain. The 
traders were on the lookout for one com- 
modity especially. They wanted slaves. 
Some families held council and sold some 
of their own members. Travelers on the 
roads were few and wary indeed. 

One day Bukar was playing and incau- 
tiously strayed a few rods behind his father's 
compound to where a pile of rocks hid him 
from view of the compound and other 
houses. There he came face to face with 
Njura, the headman of the village, one of 
his father's close neighbors and a family 
friend. It is now cited as characteristic of 

(Continued on Page 195) 


The Missionary Visitor 


John Comes Home from India 

A Conversation Between Uncle Billy and John, the Missionary 

Just Returned from India 


Missionary to India 

COME in, John ! Come in, my boy. Here, 
take this easy chair." Uncle Billy drew 
his own chair near so that he might 
put his toil worn hand on the younger man's 
knee. With tender affection he gazed into 
the face of the beloved nephew for whom 
his heart had often hungered during the 
many months of their separation. 

" It's a long, long time since you went 
away with your bonny young wife. Now 
tell me, how has it gone with you in that 
strange land among those strange people? 
Really, you look better than I expected after 
more than seven years in that abominable 
climate." And Uncle Billy rattled on, for- 
getting to give John a chance to reply. 
" How ever did you escape the fever and 
cholera and plague? And poisonous reptiles 
— weren't you always afraid?" 

" Well, Uncle Billy, you see I am here 
still very much alive. The bride wife I car- 
ried away that day is now the mother of 
our three happy children whom the Lord 
gave us in that foreign land. They send their 
love to you and are counting on spending a 
whole week with you and Aunt Susan as 
soon as school vacation comes. The Lord 
has been good to us and I count it a special 
privilege to come once more to your home 
and talk things over as in days of yore." 

" Yes, my dear boy, it does my heart good 
to see the same merry twinkle in your grey 
eyes, and to watch the same old smile play 
on your lips. I know your long term of 
service in India has not been altogether a 
snap. You suffered many things of which 
you never wrote, not even to your old uncle. 
I know, because others have told me of your 
devotion to duty and your personal sacrifice 
for the sake of others. Now I think you 
have done your share. I hope you have made 
up your mind to stay at home and let some- 
body else go to carry on the work. It isn't 
fair that you should make all the sacrifice 
while others take it easy." 

" I have counted it a privilege, not a sac- 

rifice. It is a high honor to have a share, 
however humble, in carrying the Gospel to 
a people who are so eager to know the way 
of life. No, Uncle Billy, we carry India on 
our hearts with no thought of giving up until 
the Lord calls us elsewhere to serve him. 
Had I twenty lives I would like to give them 
all to .India. But if I do all I ought with 
one life, perhaps I may inspire others to 
devote their lives to the service of carrying 
the Gospel to the uttermost parts of the 
earth and that may count more than twenty 
rebirths in this old world." 

"But isn't India nearly evangelized, John? 
You see, we have been on the job a good 
while and it does seem that the work ought 
to be nearly finished." 

" Well, I guess there ought to be no need 
to call for workers or money to carry on 
missions in a land where the cross of Christ 
was so long ago planted. You know there 
is a tradition that the Apostle Thomas 
preached there. If Christians in the past 
had been filled with an absolute devotion to 
Christ and had sought first and always to 
plant his kingdom on the earth, who can say 
but that India and every other land under 
the sun might belong wholly and altogether 
to Christ? Indeed, long ere this we might 
have seen the millennium. 

" But, Uncle Billy, the task is not finished. 
There has been much sowing and these are 
days of reaping. Others have labored and 
we have entered into their labors. The fields 
are ripe unto the harvest. We must now 
thrust in the sickle lest the precious grain 
be wasted." 

" Missionaries have been going to India for 
a good many years. Even so small a de- 
nomination as our Church of the Brethren 
has given about a hundred missionaries and 
a couple of million dollars to India. Really, 
John, don't you think the work ought to be 
finished soon?" 

" Let me assure you, Uncle Billy, that 
work has not all been in vain. Enthusiasm 


The Missionary Visitor 


for the spread of the Gospel has sometimes 
waned low in other generations, even as is 
wont to happen now. Christians in the past 
have sometimes forgotten their high calling 
in God. But we are apt to decry the lack 
of success without any sort of appreciation 
of the powers of darkness against which 
ambassadors of Christ had to wrestle. Then, 
too, I think there is more fruitage than you 
folks in the home land understand. In spite 
of stupendous difficulties and obstacles, many 
and great, there are in all India 5,000,000 
Christians today. That tells only a part of 
the story. The impact of the religion that 
Jesus taught has been made on India's soul. 
One of these days there's going to be a great 
turning to the Lord and then I want to be 
in India. Those of us who have been there 
have already felt the stirring of life among 
the dead bones. I wonder that the ranks of 
missionaries to India are not overcrowded 
and mission treasuries overflowing in the 
light of such well assured hopes for the fu- 
ture triumph of Christ's cause in that land." 

" Bro. Jones was saying the other night 
that the church ought to give less to foreign 
missions and more to push the program of 
the local church." 

" Well, that's the road to selfishness. Even 
our poorest churches in India sent an offer- 
ing to relieve the famine sufferers in China 
a few years ago. We think the eyes of the 
church should always be open to needs be- 
yond her own boundary and that ought to 
enrich rather than impoverish her local 
program and the life of her members." 

" Bro. Jones also spoke of home missions 
and insisted that our money ought to build 
up churches in our own land rather than in 
foreign lands." 

11 This you ought certainly to do without 
withdrawing your support and interest from 
the work of the kingdom in other needy 
lands. Our Indian Christians gave over 
$1,500 towards home missions in 1927 and 
you know the majority of our Christians 
have a monthly income of less than six dol- 
lars ! I tell you, Uncle Billy, I am not so 
sure that American Christians are giving 
more than they should to the Lord." 

" Then why don't you turn the work over 
to the church in India? Let them carry for- 
ward the work in their own land themselves." 

" That is exactly what we are doing. In- 

deed, this has been our purpose from the 
beginning. When we began to work in In- 
dia there were no native helpers, no con- 
verts, not even any children for a mission 
school. In the territory assigned to the 
Church of the Brethren there were some 
1,200,000 unevangelized people, the vast ma- 
jority illiterate and in servitude to the land 
owners and money lenders. It has been no 
small task to bring into being ten organized 
churches ; to prepare teachers and preachers 
and lay workers and helpers to carry on 
evangelistic work in a non-Christian land." 

" I see you have had plenty to keep you 

"Now, after some thirty years we have a 
dozen ordained ministers. Several have been 
called by death and there are a number in 
preparation for the ministry and for other 
lines of church work. There are over two 
hundred lay workers, Bible women and vil- 
lage teachers. 

" We have nearly four thousand Christians 
and about that many children in our Chris- 
tian schools and then there are a number 
who are learning more about the Way be- 
fore they come into the church. All this in 
a single generation is no small return for 
the lives and money given to India." 

" Perhaps it is better than we have done 
at home." 

" I sometimes think the richest fruitage 
is hidden from our eyes lest our hearts be 
lifted up with pride. There has been a 
steady growth in social and moral ideals. 
India's greatest men openly acknowledge 
Jesus to be the world's greatest Teacher. 
Everywhere there is manifest a great hun- 
ger for the truth. Missionaries do not need 
to knock at closed doors. On every hand 
there are open doors and ever and anon 
comes the Macedonian cry from the un- 
evangelized multitudes. Will the church an- 
swer the cry, Uncle Billy?" 

" Why don't your Indian Christians enter 
these open doors?" 

" They are doing what they can but there 
is more than they can do. Think of over a 
million in our own field who know not 
Christ and there are great untouched fields 
beyond our own boundaries. Do you really 
think that the Church of the Brethren has 
no responsibility in regard to the 325,000,000 
unevangelized souls in India?" 


The Missionary Visitor 


" I had not thought of so wide a field. Bro. 
Jones thinks the church has already under- 
taken more than she is able to do abroad." 

" Bro. Jones must have forgotten Carey's 
motto : 'Expect great things from God ; 
undertake great things for God.' If Carey 
was called to establish missions in India, we 
are certainly called now to extend them. If 
we believe that Jesus Christ is the only 
hope of the world we cannot, dare not let 
these millions go unevangelized. Still to the 
churches, in America as well as in India, 
the risen Christ speaks, saying ' Go ye into 
all the world and preach my Gospel to 
every creature.' " 

" Yes, John, you have convinced me that 
we are debtors to India, as well as to our 
own America and I promise by the help of 
God to do all I can to help the church pay 
that debt." 


(Continued from Page 187) 
Surplus transferred — 

Expenditures — 

Losses on invest- 


Securities 43,702.82 


Income " Gospel 

Messenger " en- 

dowment (Schedule 



Office rent charged 

t o departments 

(Schedules 6, 7, 8 

and 19) 


Gish Testament sales 


Total receipts 

$ 93,301.60 

Expenditures — 


20% of earnings to 

Ministerial & Mis- 

sionary Relief 

(Schedule 13) .... 


80% of earnings to 

M. B. & C. R. 

(Schedule 18) 


Net cash surplus to 

M. B. & C. R. 

(Schedule 18) 


Net cash surplus to 

Interest account .. 


Net cash surplus to 

Contingent Invest- 

ments Receivable . 


Securities to Con- 

tingent Invest- 

ments Receivable. 


"Gospel Messenger" 

endowment paid 



Office rent paid over 


Gish Testament Fund 

credit (Sched. 14) 


Total expenditures.. $93,301.60 

26. Reserve for Investment Losses 

Receipts — 

. Transfer from M. B. 
& C. R. (Sched. 18) 

$ 27,157.75 

Balance. Feb. 29, 1928 $ 26.501.92 


Groups of children and young people 
have registered with the General Mission 
Board since April 10 to May 11 as workers 
on the 1928 Missionary Projects. Previous 
enrollments were published in earlier issues 
of the Visitor. As the work is very urgent 
more groups are needed to complete the 
tasks successfully. Write to the General 
Mission Board, Elgin, 111., for information 
about the 1928 Missionary Projects. 

Congregation J. C. L. B. Y. P. D 

Northern California 

Fresno 15 

Laton 40 

Eastern Colorado 

Antioch 6 

Denver 48 

Florida and Georgia 

Sebring 12 

Northern Illinois 

Cherry Grove 17 

Milledgeville 15 

Southern Illinois 

Cerro Gordo 25 

Middle Indiana 

Bachelor Run 35 

Northern Indiana 

Plymouth 25 

Turkey Creek 35 

Middle Iowa 

Dallas Center 25 

Northern Iowa, Minn. & S. Dak. 

Root River 35 

Sheldon 20 

Northwestern Kansas 

White Rock 20 

Southwestern Kansas 

McPherson 30 

Middle Maryland 

Pleasant View 30 

Western Maryland 

Cherry Grove 18 20 

Northeastern Ohio 

Center 35 

Danville 25 

Northwestern Ohio 

Stony Creek (Logan) 13 

Southern Ohio 

Beech Grove IS 

Cedar Grove (Prices Creek) 12 

Prices Creek 40 


Grants Pass 16 

Eastern Pennsylvania 

Mountville 12 

Middle Pennsylvania 

Leamersville 30 

Lower Claar 13 

Lewistown 75 

Spring Run 60 

J™ e The Missionary Visitor 195 

First Virginia 

Pleasant Dale 15 Northern Virginia congregations, I. S. and 

... Second Virginia Effi y L j d j 

Sangerville -W fe ' 

Southern Virginia Pleasant Valley congregation, Edna F. 

Laurel Branch . 15 FJ Ch j na 

Washington m a 

Tacoma 9 West Virginia — 

jj jj Eglon congregation, Anna B. Mow, India. 

NEW STATIONS Sandy Creek congregation, Mary E. Cline. 


(Continued from Page 173) ^ ^ 

was necessary first of all to erect residences. WJLL BURAR WALR TH£ RQAD QF 

Bro. Mallott carried on at Gardemna. A IFSUS? 

singularly good interest was taken by the 

.,, r ,, , rr*, (Continued from Page 191) 

entire village from the beginning. The at- s 

tendance at the Sunday services was from the time and of that y ear of distress that 

80 to 100, including always the chief man instantly Njura seized his neighbor's son, 

of the village. Two young married men ex- clapped a strong hand on his mouth and 

pressed a desire to become Christians. made off into the bush - A confederate took 

The Kulps took charge at Dille. There him and N J ura went home - 

was the problem of overcoming the shyness An hour o r so later the cry of " Lost 

of the people and learning a new language. child" was raised and his mother's wailing 

The former has been accomplished to a large was heard. Neighbors all joined sympatheti- 

degree. The second is still being done. cally in the search. But in those days a lost 

Preaching in the Margi language was begun child was seldom found. Was it slave 

on Christmas day. hunters or hyenas? Unless footprints were 

^ g found it was never certain. 

The lad never saw his parents again. 

SUPPORTS OF MISSIONARIES What was their emotions? Who can say? 

(Continued from Page 166) Perhaps relief. He thinks now he would 

Virginia — probably have starved at home. The boy's 

Barren Ridge congregation, Nora Flory, wits were too badly shaken to remember 

China clearly all that happened. He knows he 

Bridgewater congregation, Ella Flohr, Af- was led to the northeastward across Kilba- 

land. He was sold to a great and wealthy 

D . , c , t i xt a Fulani chief, who owned great herds of 

Bridgewater Sundav-school, Norman A. ' fe 

~ r\ ■ cattle. And for six or seven years he was 

„.. ' „ r . " „ , , . T .... , T , his slave. He was first drudge boy, then 

Chne, Willie B. and Mae Lilhe, of Leba- . , , , \ L , 

, _ __ „ ' . assistant cowherd, and then a trusted cow- 

non congregation, Alfred E. Hollenberg (son , , ^ , ■ ., , Al . 

& fo ' ■ fo v herd. Exposed to all sorts of weather he 

o: Fred M. Hollenberg), India. cared fof the catUe q£ hig powerfu , owner 

Greenmount congregation, partial support Re was often hungry> generaIly naked> and 

Sara Z. Myers, China. frequently rain-soaked or cold. He ranged 

Lebanon congregation, Chalmer G. Shull, with the he rds over the Margi country, the 

* nd,a * region where the Church of the Brethren 

Middle River, "Willing Workers' Class," Mission has established a station. 

Verna Flory (daughter of B. M. Flory), What sem blance of a home he had was in 

China. a s i av e village — the whole population chattels 

Middle River Aid Society, partial support of the one Fulani lord, some of them chil- 

of Wendell Flory (son of B. M. Flory), dren of slaves for generations. He thought 

China. himself most wretched. Yet there is reason 

" Martha and Mary " Class, Linville Creek to suspect that his slave life was not alto- 
Sunday-school, partial support of Elizabeth gether unpleasant. He learned to eat foods 
Long (daughter of I. S. Long), India. he would never have tasted in his own vil- 

Moomaw, Leland C, and Sunday-schools lage. He was taught to sew and he made 

of First and Southern Virginia, Elsie N. the first garments he ever owned. He 

Shickel, India. (Continued on Page 200) 


The Missionary Visitor 



Notes From Our Fields 


Miss Flory reports that the Pingting Hos- 
pital did very well during February, having 
20 in-patients in the Women's hospital and 
31 in the Men's. They performed 23 opera- 
tions including 1 Cesarean section, 1 double 
hernia and 2 large tumors. The dispensary 
had an average of 26 calls per day, the larg- 
est number on any one day being 48. Our 
new Dr. Wang seems like a very fine man 
and we hope he will be able to stay with us 
a long time. 



Dr. T. H. Wang 

The Women's Bible school reopened after 
the Chinese New Year's vacation with an in- 
crease of two pupils. The three teachers, 
two ladies and one man, have arranged their 
teaching so that the two ladies can alternate 
and one of them go to the villages to teach 

The Gospel tent has been brought from 
the Chin Chow territory into the Liao Chow 
territory, and is now at Tsung Shu Ping, 
ten miles from Liao. The Tent has been in 
the Chin Chow territory for over two years 
and there has not been a sufficient number of 
workers to continue the teaching to those 
who have expressed a desire to learn the 
Gospel. It was therefore decided to leave a 
number of the tent evangelists to do this 
teaching and bring the tent into the Liao 
territory where the Liao evangelists could 
assist in the tent. The work in the Liao ter- 
ritory has been difficult for there has been a 
lack of interest and contacts have been diffi- 
cult to make, especially for the women 
evangelists who must go into the homes. 
The tent, it is hoped, will stimulate a new 
interest and that there will be those who will 
desire to study the Gospel thus opening up 
new homes for teaching and bringing much 
encouragement to the Liao evangelists. 

One of the evangelists, Mr. Wang Ping, 
sixty-four years of age, was thrown from a 
cart as he was returning with the tent. He 
was unconscious for ten or fifteen minutes. 
A few days later he was taken to the hos- 
pital and it was found that he has a badly 
bruised leg which will keep him in the hos- 
pital for some time. 

Because of a shortage of workers in the 
tent, Mr. Yang Yen Jung, who recently 
finished a Bible course at his own expense 
in the Hung Tung School, has been invited 
to assist in the evangelistic work near Yu 
She, his home locality, in order to relieve 
another evangelist for the tent. 

The Chin Chow work among women and 

children continues to progress. Classes in 
four villages are being held for the enquir- 
ers. The work there now is mostly to nur- 
ture those who have become interested in 
the tent. 

The lady evangelist was in the Matien 
Church over the Chinese New Year. The 
outlook there is encouraging. They need 
spiritual help and desire to live for Christ. 
Three members who have been cold and dis- 
interested for some time have come back to 
their first faith. 

The evangelistic work is reorganized and 
is now under a Board. This is much more 
satisfactory and we hope for greater results 
in the future. There is no hindrance in 
traveling. Evangelists go when and where 
they please and are received as kindly as 

Beginning the new term, both the Boys' 
and the Girls' schools have increased their 
enrollment. The Boys' school having 53 and 
the Girls' school including the kindergarten 
having fifty-five. 

Dr. Carl Coffman spent several weeks in 
the Liao hospital, leaving on March 2 with 
Ma Shang Te, a graduate nurse, to com- 
mence their new work, that of medical ex- 
tension in Yu She county, working out from 
Yin Tzu as a center. 

The Liao hospital has had an increase in 
patients during the past month. 


Pastor Li of Taiyuan sends the following 
encouraging news : You will be glad to know 
that our work is better and a greater inter- 
est shown than at any time during the past 
two years. Since the downfall of the com- 
munistic society here in Taiyuan, everything 
is becoming normal and peaceful. The anti- 
Christian movement has also disappeared. I 
am also glad to tell you that I read in a re- 
cent paper that some important persons had 
advised the Nanking government to cancel 
the slogan " Down with Christianity " or 
something like that. 

After the Boys' Club was changed to the 
Brethren evening English school, the stu- 
dents here have greatly increased and most 
of the middle school students are also very 
glad to join our school. Messrs. P. L. 
Chang, W. S. Wang and Y. H. Li are etill 
teaching in the school, freely giving their 
time and service for the good of our students 
which have increased to fifty. Our girls' 
school is doing equally well for they have 
almost 20 splendid girls. Mrs. Tan often 
takes the girls to services and gives them 
much religious teaching besides. 

Outside my regular work and almost daily 


The Missionary Visitor 


visiting of church members, I also constant- 
ly go to the Military Hospital (for wounded 
soldiers) to preach to them. Most of the sol- 
diers are very interested in hearing the Gos- 
pel. Am sure that you will be glad to know 
that on March 4 Rev. Yin baptized 14 
men for us. Now our ordinary Sunday at- 
tendence is 50 to 70 and sometimes 100, and 
we hope after a few weeks to have another 

In short, for some time we have been do- 
ing much helpful work under His blessing 
and we here in Taiyuan always hope that 
you constantly pray for us. 

Gardemna — January — February 

Mrs. Ella M. Flohr 

The Mission House was closed at Gardem- 
na in October of last year when Bro. Mallott 
started home on furlough. We moved down 
here the last of January and found the in- 
terest quite good. Heman and Bukar, the 
two men who have renounced their beer 
drinking and devil worship and who want to 
become Christians, were indeed glad to have 
us come. The Sunday services have been 
quite well attended. It seems that the peo- 
ple come because they want to learn. 

Dr. Robertson comes down twice a month 
from Garkida, treats the sick folks, and 
leaves some medicine with us to " hand out " 
during his absence. 

Just now the people of the village are busy 
working on a house of worship. They have 
selected a site in the village and already 
have brought sand for the floor and wood 
for the rafters and grass for the roof. They 
donate the material and the labor so that it 
is costing the Mission nothing. It is really 
their own and we believe that that fact is go- 
ing to mean a lot in their attitude toward our 
work among them. 

Dille — January — February 

H. S. Kulp 

While Dr. and Mrs. Burke and Bro. Kulp 
were attending the Annual Mission Meeting 
at Garkida early in January, Mrs. Kulp car- 
ried on at Dille. 

About the middle of January the water 
supply at Dille gave out. There is no per- 
manent stream. Water had to be carried a 
great distance. This led to the consideration 
of choosing a new site. The Resident of the 
Province was approached and he said that 
there were no objections from the govern- 
ment standpoint. Application has therefore 

gone forward for a Mission site at Lassa, 
five miles east of Dille on the Yadseram 


Dr. and Mrs. Burke have moved into tem- 
porary quarters at Lassa. They are awaiting 
permission to build. Meantime they are min- 
istering to the needs of the sick and studying 


During this period Mr. and Mrs. Kulp 
spent 26 days on a tour of investigation and 
a mission of friendliness to most of the Mar- 
gi District in which the government has 
given our Mission permission to work. The 
tour was to discover the number, population 
and location of the Margi villages. An in- 
vestigation was also made of the dialects 
spoken. As a result of this tour it will be 
possible to draw a map of the district indi- 
cating the location of the villages and the 
native paths. It was discovered that in the 
field there are at least 12,000 Margis. Two 
dialects are spoken. However, these two dia- 
lects are so closely related that no special 
difficulty is anticipated in carrying on Mis- 
sion work. 

Wherever we went we tried to tell them 
the purpose of our living in their midst. 
The very fact that we could speak, although 
imperfectly, in their language, seemed to as- 
sure them that we were their friends. 

A saw pit has been dug at Dille. The lum- 
ber for the Residences at Lassa is nearly all 
sawed out. The Doctor is giving some prac- 
tical training in the use of the saw and other 
tools to those who are helping to saw out 
and fit together door and window frames^ 


The Mission farm wagon has been 
brought to Dille station and is proving quite 
useful. It is being used to haul logs to the 
saw pit and to move goods from Dille to 
Lassa. A yoke of oxen have been bought, 
named Pirtu and Kengkyar, Margi for 
White and Black. When these are hitched 
to the wagon there is no danger of exceeding 
the speed limit, but they are helping to solve 
the transportation problem at Dille. 

v5* «<$• 

Garkida — February 

Lola Helser 

Some of the older schoolboys are taking 
wives. They are trying to establish Chris- 
tian homes. Three of them have started a 
Christian village between the mission com- 
pound and the native village. They hope 
(Continued on Page 189) 


The Missionary Visitor 



Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 

Nurse Roop Writes to Brown Brothers 

Dahanu Road 
Thana District 

My dear Juniors : 

I cannot tell you how happy I am to be 
working in the Dahanu Hospital which you 
helped to build. I know you have enjoyed 
seeing the pictures of this hospital in the 
Missionary Visitor and reading about the 
people who are being helped here. On a 
poster in our hospital we have many of your 
pictures, which were printed in the Mis- 
sionary Visitor. When people come to visit 
our hospital I like to show them your pic- 
tures and tell them how you earned money 
to help to build this hospital. They think 
you are doing fine. Some of our Indian pa- 
tients also give gifts of money to our hos- 
pital. Because of these gifts and of the 
money which you are sending to our Gen- 
eral Mission Board at Elgin we can take 
into our hospital people who are too poor to 
pay for the medical care which they need. 

In this part of India the poor people do 
not wear much clothing. At night many of 
them lie down on a dirt floor and cover up 
with an old rag. During our cold season 
it becomes very cold at night. These poor 
people try to keep warm by building a wood 
fire on the dirt floor. They lie down and go 
to sleep near the fire. While they are asleep 
their scanty clothing often catches on fire 
and they are badly burned. They cover the 
burn with charcoal or ashes or something 
else. Then if the burn does not heal they 
often come into our dispensary or hospital 
and show it to our missionary doctor. 

Katubai is one of these burn cases. She 
is a Mohammedan girl. When she was 
brought into our hospital she was fifteen 
years old. Her head, lips, chest and arm 
were all badly burned. For a long time our 
doctors and nurses dressed her wounds and 

Photos by Ethel Roop 


took care of her. After a while she became 
homesick. One day before her wounds were 
entirely healed she ran away to her home, 
without the doctor's permission. After 
some days she appeared in the dispensary 
again. She was very happy to be back. 

"How are you?" asked Dr. Metzger. 

She hung her head in shame and said, 
" Worse. Now I have come back to stay." 

Day by day as the wound healed the scars 
pulled her face out of shape. Her mouth 
was so distorted that it was difficult for 
her to eat or talk. So Dr. Nickey and Dr. 
Metzger did some operations to help to 
straighten out her mouth. 

She has been here for a long time. While 
here, she has been hearing about Jesus. 
She wants to stay and learn more about him 
and then become a Christian. Her Mo- 
hammedan relatives, hearing of this, wanted 
to take her home. But in spite of all their 
pleading she wants to stay. She sweeps the 
hospital and helps to wash the hospital baby 


The Missionary Visitor 


clothes to make a living. She is very happy 
to be here. Will you not pray that Katubai 
will become a faithful Christian? 

Another burn case is Merlia. He is a little 
boy about seven years old. But he did not 
come to us until after his burn was healed. 
His wound was not properly cared for. And 
so his arm has grown fast to his body and 
his hand is very crooked. His father is a 
poor man. Since this boy was so deformed 
he thought he would never to able to work. 
So he asked us to take him. Our missionary 
doctors do not think that he is in a fit con- 
dition to operate upon. So he is receiving 
food and medicine to build up his body. We 
are hoping that he may have a successful 
operation. He is now going to our kinder- 
garten here at Dahanu as he had never 
been to school before. After his operation 
we hope he may enter the Boys' Boarding 
School at Palghar. 

Sincerely yours, 
Ethel A. Roop. 


The Juniors of the Danville church are re- 
joicing because God so bountifully blessed 
the quarters which were given them ; and as 
a result of their efforts they were able to 
send to their Black Brothers and Sisters 
$130.52. There were about thirty of the 
children in this work. Some of them raised 
chickens, some raised potatoes, while others 
had lambs. In some cases the parents gave 
the children an allowance for extra work 
done about the home. Each one was happy 
to know that his little effort was helping 
some children to know of Jesus. The teach- 
ers of the various classes gave much en- 
couragement to the children. For the com- 
ing year we have twenty-five children en- 
listed and no doubt there will be others by 
the end of the year. We want you to see our 
bunch of busy workers. 

Danville, O. Gertrude Phillips. 


Dear Aunt Adalyn: May I join your circle? I am 
thirteen years old and in the seventh grade at 
school. My teacher is Mr. E. R. Hicks. I go to a 
four-room school of about 134 pupils. I go to 
Broadfording church, about four miles from where 
I live. I am in the Intermediate class there. I 
haven't any brothers or sisters, so I have every- 
thing to myself. I wish some girls my age would 
write to me, for I like to receive letters, and I will 
try to answer them. 

Maugansville, Md. Garnette A. Martin. 

There are disadvantages in being the only child 
in a family, but what a wonderful chance you and 
your mother have of being chums together! 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I have been reading letters 
written to you in the Visitor, and have at last 
come to the conclusion that I wish to join your 
circle. May I? I am twelve years old and in the 
seventh grade. I get real high grades. I have a 
brother eleven years old and a sister ten months. 
She is the dearest thing, and so fat, with great big 
blue eyes. All of our family except the baby be- 
long to the church. I joined when I was eight 
years old. I guess I take after my grandfather 
who is dead. He was a minister, and always wanted 
me to be a missionary, but I am not in good health 
so am not sure if I can carry out his wishes. Even 
if I can't go to a foreign land I can do missionary 
work in my own community. My grandmother 
makes her home with us, but is in very poor health. 
She is a dear religious soul, too. I have some rela- 
tives living in West Virginia and Pennsylvania. I 
wish some of them would write to me if they see 
this letter published. They may recognize the name 
Fike. If so, I am one of them. 

126 Glenross Blvd., Vera McKimmy. 

Mound View Park, 
Toledo, Ohio. 

Yes, there is always room, anywhere, to do mis- 
sionary work. It doesn't always mean to sit down 
and teach the Scriptures to some ignorant person, 
but living a beautiful life in their presence. A sin- 
cere interest in people is the most compelling thing 
in the world. That is how the " Big Brother and 
Big Sister Movement " is doing such a wonderful 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: Please may Lewis Benton and 
I bring our chairs into your circle and chat with 
you awhile this winter evening? But it is so hot 
here, we cannot think that it is really winter in 

We want to tell you how we made our money for 
" Our Black Brothers." We could not raise chick- 
ens like we did in U. S. A., so we planted peanuts 
and a few vegetables. I dug the holes and Lewis 
Benton dropped the peanuts and I covered them. 
We planted them in July, they grew very nice and 
now we are all eating them because Mother and 
Daddy bought them from us. They amounted to 5 
shillings, 2 and Yi pence. Then we are sending 1 
shilling and six pence, money we have earned for 
tending the goats and chickens. All together it is 
6 shillings, S l A pence. How many of you know 
how many dollars and cents that is? I buy eggs', 
milk, butter, and wood for Mother and I can count 
shillings, pence and half-pennies as well as I can 
United States money. 

I was baptized the 8th of January. Nine of " Our 
Black Brothers " were baptized two days before I 
was. I am nine years old and Lewis Benton is six. 
We sometimes play we are real Buras. Lewis Ben- 
ton shoots his bow and arrow and I cook Bura food 
and carry my dolls tied on my back. I have read 
the New Testament Stories in Bura and have start- 
ed now on the Old Testament Stories in Bura. 
From Julia Anne and Lewis Benton Flohr. 

P. S. We hope some of"" you Juniors will write a 
letter to us. 
Gardemna, via Jos and Damaturu, 

Nigeria, W. Africa. 
Feb. 20, 1928. 


The Missionary Visitor 


of Brother and Sister Earl Flohr in our Africa 

We are deli'ghted with this little visit. It took 
you a long time to come so far, and now you must 
sit and rest a while. The Mission Rooms are very 
pleased with your offering. Next time I eat peanuts 
I will think about you! 

Missing Words 

(Fill in the blanks with words that sound alike but 
are spelled differently.) 

1. The hit him so hard he began to . 

2. He splashed the all over with wax. 

3. He left his rain lying out by the sheep . 

4. The in the boat began to hear the of 

the waterfall. 

5. I — — pretty soon who was the distinguished 

6. The tried to fix my soiled drefis, with 


7. The wind big white clouds across the 


8. Waving a of blossoms she made a pretty 


1. Jumble a heavenly body and make rodents'. 

(Example: Star — rats.) 

2. Jumble cooked meal, and make what a motor 

3. Jumble a fish, and make to run quickly. 

4. Jumble to remove the skin of, and make to 

5. Jumble a cabbage salad, and make statutes. 

6. Jumble a kind of vine, and make a store. 

7. Jumble to put under water, and make the 
covering of the body. 

8. Jumble painful or distressing, and make a 

Decapitations. 1. Star— tar. 2. Cloud— loud. 3. 

Snow — now. 4. Ship — hip. 5. Boat — oat. 6. Fire — ire. 
7. Brook — rook. 8. Warm — arm. 9. Cold — old. 

American Cities Demolished. 1. Sacramento. 2. 
Minneapolis. 3. New Orleans. 4. Springfield. 5. 
Nashville. 6. Washington. 7. San Antonio. 8. 
Cleveland. 9. Grand Rapids. 10. Columbus. 

Will Bukar Walk the Road of Jesus? 

(Continued from Page 195) 
learned several languages and acquired his 
knowledge of herbs which serves him so 
well. He became a skilled builder of mud 
walls. And the nights when the cattle were 
in the thornbrush kraal he and his fellow- 
slaves and frequently members of the mas- 
ter's race sat about the fire. And the con- 
versations opened up new worlds to Bukar's 

One of the things he learned was that 
there was One Great God who was to be 
worshiped and that his name was Allah. He 
was circumcised and inducted into the Mos- 
lem faith and learned something of its teach- 
ings. The command to abstain from beer 
especially impressed itself upon him. No one 
made any special effort to teach him, for he 
was but a slave. But the idea of something 
better than his father's village knew was 
implanted in his mind. 

Among the slaves a new topic of con- 
versation appeared. There had been vague 
rumors of a powerful tribe of white men. 
Now it was said they were close. They 
had weapons which dealt certain death and 
cracked like thunder. Even the mighty 
Fulani were afraid of them it was said. And 
it was said they released the slaves every- 
where they went. Travelers brought news 
of them and one man had even seen the 
houses of these Nasara. He described to the 
slaves the houses. 

And when Bukar was on the march with 
the herd and slept in the open beside the 
cattle on the cold tropical nights he 
dreamed. He saw endless halls, forests of 
giant palm trunks supporting the roof and 
himself moving amid the palm pillars — the 
servant of the white man. 

Joseph dreamed and it was on African soil 
that his dreams came true. And what of 
this other young dreamer in Africa? 

Not many moons passed after the first 
news until the white man came. He came 
with soldiers, guns, horses, and drums. 
They said his name was Captain Baker. 
And marching straight for the great Fulani 


The Missionary Visitor 


chief Capt. Baker demanded that all slaves 
be surrendered to him. 

In a few weeks our friend, furnished with 
a new name (the one by which we know 
him), a new shirt, a pair of new trousers 
and an official paper sewed in a leather case 
in his trousers pocket, started westward in 
search of his childhood home. 

He tells of an incident that occurred on 
his homeward journey which illustrates at 
once the change in him and the change in 
the country. He had gone a day's journey 
and some Fulanis saw him and recognized 
him as a slave of a chief of theirs. Seeing 
he was escaping they seized him and carried 
him to the nearest village. Bukar quietly 
submitted. When turned over to the Fulani 
officers he produced his paper and demanded 
they call a Moslem mallam to read it. The 
literate one was called, who reading the 
paper exclaimed with terror. A hasty 
consultation followed, and the people gave 
Bukar a present of five shillings and begged 
him to proceed on his journey. 

His appearance in his native village 
created a tumult. His relatives received 
him as one from the dead. But what an 
unwelcome appearance for old Njura, who 
was still village headman. A lawsuit was at 
once begun in the native manner against 
Njura and his family. After considerable 
litigation, long drawn out, Njura paid twelve 
headloads of corn and ten gowns as a rec- 
ompense to his former captive. 

But Bukar's homecoming was a disap- 
pointment to himself. He soon found he 
preferred Fulani society to that of his own 
village. He had become intelligent through 
travel and had really risen to a higher stand- 
ard of living. Returning to his kinsmen he 
found them to be the same narrow, ignorant 
pagans they had always been. He ran away 
to join the Fulanis several times, but no one 
wanted a servant, and his relatives sent after 
him each time. When the lawsuit termi- 
nated, Bukar took a Bura wife and from 
that time on remained with his people. Out- 
wardly he ceased to be a Moslem and be- 
came a pagan. One trace remained of his 
Moslem experience, however, in that he very 
rarely touched beer and never participated 
in the drunken carousals of the Buras. 

Then occurred a considerable exodus of 

people from his village to Gardemna. Bukar 
went with the migrants, as did also old 
Njura, now blind and no longer headman. 
As a token of the changed times in which 
we live Bukar is now a neighbor of the old 
Njura, who goes groping about with a cane. 
And one of Bukar's dearest and most in- 
timate friends is Hemna Gauro, the son of 
Njura. So may all the feuds of this land 
of feuds, lawsuits, and recriminations end. 

But the most interesting fact is yet to 
come. Soon rumors reached the people of 
Gardemna that the white men had come to 
Garkida, a distance of but a day's journey, 
and that they were going to live there. The 
village was uneasy. The more timid ones 
talked of flight. " They will come here," 
they said. Bukar laughed at their fears. 
" The Nasara are friends," he said, " they 
are the best people in the world. They freed 
me when I was a slave." 

Four years passed. Bukar saw the white 
people occasionally. He heard snatches of 
the message they preached. It seemed good 
— very good. Was it the direct speaking of 
the Holy Spirit to an honest heart? Did 
the vaguely-comprehended teaching of Islam 
help prepare him to understand the Chris- 
tian message? Who can say? 

This year (1927) one of the Garkida " mal- 
lams " came to Gardemna to live. From the 
first Bukar made himself friendly. Illness 
had in the previous year reduced his farm- 
ing to cultivating a small patch. The work 
and wages of the mission building were 
a most welcome means of relief. From 
working for the missionary he became a 
most eager listener to the message. He 
revived his old resolution concerning beer. 
Soon he began to keep Sunday as God's day 
of rest and worship. One day he came with 
a friend and they confided that they wanted 
to learn to read so that they might read 
the Book of God. Some weeks after he 
came by himself, saying that had learned 
enough of the message that he wanted to 
walk in the " lakur Isa," i. e., " road of 

Here the biography must stop. What does 
the future hold for this dreamer of dreams? 
Will you not pray that the slave who 
dreamed that he was a servant in the halls 
of the Nasara, may become a servant in the 
house of One of whom the Nasara tell him? 


The Missionary Visitor 




Conference Offering, 1928. As of April 30, 1928, the 
Conference (Budget) offering for the year ending 
February 28, 1929, stands as follows: 
Cash received since April 1, 1928 $20,625.60 

(The 1928 Budget of $389,000.00 is 5.3% raised, 
whereas it should be 16.6%.) 

Mission Board Treasury Statement. The following 
shows the condition of mission finances on April 30, 

Income since March 1, 1928 ........$ 26,280.53 

Income same period last year 35.063.25 

Expense since March 1, 1928 43,931.42 

Expense same period last year 52,227.76 

Mission deficit April 30, 1928 115,055.53 

Mission deficit March 31,. 1928 97,868.95 

Increase in deficit for April, 1928 17,186.58 

Tract Distribution: During the month of March 
the Board sent out 3,154 doctrinal tracts. 

Correction No. 1: See May, 1928, Visitor, under 
Missionary Supports, credit of No. Virginia con- 
gregations in the sum of $286.00 has since been 
reduced by refund of $156.76. 

Correction No. 2: See May, 1928, Visitor, under 
Conference Budget. In Credit of $851.78 to congre- 
gations of First Virginia, there has since been 
designated changes as follows: 

First Roanoke Congregation, $5.00 for Junior 
League, 1927; Oak Grove B. Y. P. D., $25.00 for 
B. Y. P. D. Fund, 1927; Oak Grove Congregation, 
$9.00 for Junior League, 1927; Oak Grove Congre- 
gation, $25.00 for F. J. Wampler Support; Daleville 
Congregation, $31.28 for Africa Mission; Lynchburg 
B. Y. P. D., $15.85 for B. Y. P. D. Fund, 1927; Ter- 
race View Congregation, $11.50 for Junior League, 
1927; Aid Societies of First Va., $112.00 for A. S. 
M. F., 1927. 

Correction No. 3: See May, 1928, Visitor, under 
Conference Budget. In credit of $292.50 to Peters 
Creek, First Virginia, $30.00 is for Africa Mission 

March Receipts: The following contributions for 
the various funds were received during March: 

Arizona— $27.64 

S. S.: Glendale, $ 27.64 

Calif ornia^$213. 44 

No. Dist., Cong.: Empire, $30.91; Figarden, 
$2; No. 104795 (Empire), $23; S. S. : McFar- 
land, $39.92, 95.83 

So. Dist., Cong. : Belvedere, $26.10; Hermosa 
Beach, $50; H. E. Masters (E. San Diego), 
$5; Mrs. Catharine L. Yundt (La Verne), 
$4.50; Indv.: Mrs. Grace Blythe, $2.58; J. H. 

Huff, $9.43; C. H. Sheets & Wife, $20, 117.61 

Canada— $10.20 

Cong.: Redcliff, 10.20 

Colorado— $10.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: E. R. Fisher & Wife 

(First Grand Valley), 10.00 

Florida— $21.06 

Cong.: Seneca, $7.67; Unknown Donor (Or- 
lando), $5; S. S.: Seneca, $8.39, 21.06 

Illinois— $519.01 

No. Dist., Cong.: Elgin. $75; Lanark, $12; 
West Branch, $60; J. W. Erb & Wife (Bethel), 
$25; Grace O. Danner (First Chicago), $5; 
Paul Halladay & Wife (First Chicago), $10; 
J. J. Scrogum (First Chicago), $10; Elizabeth 
Lehman (Dixon), $1; P. R. Keltner (M. N.) 
(Freeport), $.50; No. 104718 (Shannon), $5; 
S. S.: Batavia, $8.35; Hastings St. (Chicago), 
$40; Franklin Grove, $5.82; Sterling, $5.98, .. 263.65 

So. Dist., Cong.: Hurricane Creek, $21; 
Kaskaskia, $11; La Place (Okaw), $11.50; 

Liberty, $34; Mulberry Grove, $30; Oak 
Grove, $5; Panther Creek, $65; Romine, $3; 
Springfield, $5.30; Virden, $5.56; A. B. Hol- 
linger (Astoria), $5; J. P. Lingenfelter 
(Canton), $5; Clyde Ludlum (Canton), $4; 

Aid Soc. : Cerro Gordo, $50, 255.36 

Indiana— $562.61 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Bethel Center, $9.42; 
Clear Creek, $11.82; Loon Creek, $40; Peru, 
$51; Walton, $28.30; Phoebe Lee (Landess- 
ville), $6; Blanche Abshire (Roann), $5; Aid 
Soc: Bachelor Run, $10; Pike Creek (Monti- 
cello), $15, 176.54 

No. Dist., Cong.: Auburn, $7; Elkhart 
City, $17.50; Rock Run, $47.65; West Goshen, 
$105.18; Mrs. Irene Savidge (La Porte), $5; 
J. Harvey Schrock (Middlebury), $25; I. S. 
Burns (M. N.) (Yellow Creek), $.50; S. S.: 
Berean Bible Class (Elkhart City), $12.50; La 
Porte, $15.91; Plymouth, $27.75; Yellow 
Creek, $11.74; Aid Soc: Elkhart City, $25 300.73 

So. Dist., Cong.: Anderson, $22.34; Buck 
Creek, $10; Henry O. Bailey, (Howard), $4; 
John Army (Kokomo), $4; Josephine Hanna 
(Kokomo), $2; Eunice Hoover (Kokomo), $1; 
Oliver N. Miller (Ladoga), $4; Ruth Crull 
(Upper Fall Creek), $1; Mrs. J. A. Foster 
(White), $5; A. F. Loveless (White), $20; 
Mrs. Angaline Wall, (White), $2; Jas. F. 
Wall (White), $2; Wm. E. Wall (White), 

$8, 85.34 

Iowa— $248.04 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Cedar Rapids, $26.95; 
Dallas Center, $41.80; Franklin Rhodes & Wife 
(Dallas Center), $150; S. S. : Bagley, $1.15; 
Pleasant View (Cedar), $2.79; "Rose Bud" 
Class, Panther Creek, $1.50, 224.19 

No. Dist., Cong.: South Waterloo, 23.85 

Kansas— $170.42 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Lone Star, $50.25; 
Ottawa, $31.84; Cong. & S. S. : Richland Cen- 
ter, $58.33 140.42 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Parsons 20.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: J. D. Yoder (Monitor), 10.00 
Louisiana— $7.96 

S. S.: Roanoke 7.96 

Maryland— $205.31 

E. Dist., Cong.: Green Hill, $5; Pleasant 
Hill (Bush Creek). $100; G. E. Bringle 
(Frederick City), $5; S. S. : Pleasant Hill 
(Bush Creek3, $2.50; Westminster (Meadow 
Branch), $26.41; Myersville (Upper Middle- 
town Valley), $6.40; Aid Soc: New Windsor 
(Pipe Creek), $25 170.31 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Manor, $17; Susie Row- 
land (Hagerstown), $7; Harvey C. " Witter 
(Welsh Run). $5, 29.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, 6.00 

Michigan— $130.52 

Cong.: Beaverton, $45.57; Pontiac, $5; 
Woodland Village, $50; S. S. : Grand Rapids, 
$6.95; Aid Soc: Battle Creek, $20; Indv.: 

W. S. Christner, $3, 130.52 

Minnesota— $10.50 

Cong.: Unknown Donor (Lewiston), $2; Un- 
known Donor (Preston, Root River), $2; Al- 
bert Seidel & Wife (Worthington), $5; S. S.: 

Guthrie, $1.50 10.50 

Missouri— $'0.90 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mineral Creek, $4.15; 
Mary M. Cox (Warrensburg), $2, 6.15 

No. Dist., Cong.: Rockingham 24.64 

So. Dist., Indv.: Wm. P. Bosserman, .11 

Nebraska— $44.83 

Cong.: Afton, $16.01; Enders, $6.66; Octavia, 


The Missionary Visitor 


$12; W. A. Royer (Bethel), $7; S. S.: Lincoln, 

$3.16 44.83 

North Dakota— $133.00 

Cong.: Kenmare, $20; Minot, $5; Ray 
Harris (M. N.) (Minot), $.50; D. G. Lewallen 
& Wife (Zion), $60; S. S. : Egeland, $7.50; 

Surrey, $40, 133.00 

Ohio— $328.32 

X. E. Dist., Cong.: Center. $11.09; Reading, 
$24.97; Zion Hill, $21; Mrs. Frank Leatherman 
(Mt. Zion), $3; No. 104914 (Zion Hill), $8; 
S. S. : Woodworth, $4.45 72.51 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Dupont, $1.75; Silver 
Creek, $34.95; J. W. Driver (Pleasant View), 
$5, 41.70 

So. Dist., Cong.: Castine, $12,15; Middle 
District, $28.75; Pleasant Valley, $23.13; Hazel 
II. Wills (Greenville), $7; S. S. : Ft. Mc- 
Kinley, $6.78; Harris Creek, $15.89; Happy 
Corner (Lower Stillwater), $10.41; Union 
City. $10; Indv.: Lucinda Ann Hixson, $100, 214.11 
Oklahoma— $7.00 

Cong.: Mrs. Jennie Diller (Monitor). $1; 
G. E. Wales & Wife (Monitor), $3; Indv.: 

H. H. Holderread, $2; Ira Mohler, $1, 7.00 

Oregon— $17.00 

Cong.: Grants Pass, $14; S. S.: Ashland, 

$3 17.00 

Pennsylvania— $1,379.64 

E. Dist., Cong.: Annville, $50; Chiques, 
$54.37; Fredericksburg, $21.51; Mingo, $408; 
Springville, $34; Swatara, Big. $6; West 
Green Tree, $148.49; White Oak, $100; Un- 
known Donor (Elizabethtown), $1; Emma F. 
Gottshall (Indian Creek), $5; No. 104870 (Rich- 
land), $15; S. S.: Gleaners' Class, Akron. $5; 
Annville, $33.91; Ephrata, $47.06; Rankstown 
(Fredericksburg), $4.29; Ladies' Bible Class, 
Hanoverdale (Swatara, Big), $5; Paxton 
(Swatara, Big). $10; Aid Soc: Junior Aid, 
Annville, $30; Mingo, $10; Spring Creek. $10, 998.63 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Rue Myers (Bell- 
wood), $.25; Mrs. Harry E. Barney (Cherry 
Lane), $5; Mary A. Kinsey (Dunnings Creek), 
$10; A Member (Manor), $20; S. S. : Rockhill 
(Aughwick), $4.48; Curry ville (Woodbury), 
$5.35; "Willing Workers" Class, Replogle 
(Woodbury), $4; Yellow Creek, $9 58.08 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Calvary (Philadelphia). 
$10; H. S. Relplogle. (Green Tree), $1; S. K. 
Kulp (Pottstown), $25; S. S. : Calvary (Phila- 
delphia), $47.95; First Philadelphia, $32.74; 
Greentown, $26.73; Pottstown, $28.63; Y. P. 
D. : Christian Endeavor (Calvary. Philadel- 
phia), $12.17; Indv.: Sudie A. Burris. $7 191.22 

So. Dist.. Cong.: Chambersburg, $14.01; No. 
104616 (4th St. Chambersburg), $5; Mrs. 
Annie Cockley (Huntsdale), $2; J. A. Leer 
& Wife (Huntsdale), $20; Melvin Masemer 
(York), $5; S. S.: Mechanicsburg, $5; 
Chestnut Grove (Upper Codorus), $2.55, 53.56 

W. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Joy, $5; Penn Run, 
$5.15; Laura McGraw (Bolivar), $2; J. Lloyd 
Nedrow (M. N.) (Glade Run), $1; Mrs. 

Anna Saylor (Middlecreek), $65, 78.15 

Tennessee — $6.00 

Cong.: Limestone 6.00 

Texas— $33.15 

Cong.: Waka 33.15 

Virginia— $163.43 

E. Dist., Cong.: Midland. $17.53; Mt. Car- 
mel, $21.18; A. F. Bollinger (Mt. Carmel), 
$15, 53.71 

First Dist., Cong.: Laura P. Beckner (Mt. 
Joy), 2.00 

Xo. Dist.. Cong.: Woodstock, $18.40; S. S.: 
Salem, $7.61, 26.01 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Valley. $52; S. 
S. : Bridgewater. $10.49; Sangerville, $4.22; Aid 
Soc: Barren Ridge, $10, 76.71 

So. Dist., S. S.: Pulaski, 5.00 

West Virginia— $7.84 

First Dist., Cong.: Beaver Run, $4.84; 
Florence Johnson (Greenland), $1; Ross 

Johnson (Greenland), $2, 7.84 

Wisconsin— $12.46 

S. S.: Chippewa Valley, $1.46; Maple Grove, 

$1; Aid Soc: White Rapids, $10, 12.46 

Total for the month, $4,300.28 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, 4,300.28 

Kansas— $50.00 

S. W. Dist., Student Volunteers of Mc- 

Pherson College, $ 50.00 

Maryland— $33.00 

E. Dist., Student Volunteers of Blue Ridge 
College, '33.00 

Total for the month, $ 83.00 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 83.00 

Colorado— $17.00 

W. Dist., Aid Societies, $ 17.00 

Idaho— $15.00 
Aid Societies of Idaho and Western 

Montana, 15.00 

Kansas— $47.50 

N. W. Dist., Aid Societies, 24.00 

S. W. Dist., Aid Societies, 23.50 

Ohio— $336.20 

N. W. Dist., Aid Societies, 44.20 

So. Dist., Aid Societies, 292.00 

Tennessee — $7.40 
Aid Soc: Cedar Grove, 7.40 

Virginia— $58.00 

E. Dist., Aid Societies, 43.00 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: Harrisonburg, 15.C0 

Total for the month $ 481.10 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

$ 481.10 
Correction No. 2, 112.00 

Total for the year, $593.10 

Indiana— $44.33 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Lower Deer Creek, $ 3.33 

No. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Chapel 40.00 

So. Dist., Indv.: Clara Favorite, 1.00 

Missouri— $11.00 
Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mary M. Cox, (War- 

rensburg), LOO 

So. Dist., Cong.: Broadwater, 10.00 

Nebraska— $50.00 
Indv.: Mrs. J. S. Gabel, 50.00 

Total for the month $ 105.33 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 105.33 

Illinois— $50.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Blanche Marquiss 
(Okaw) $ 50.00 

Total for the month $ 50.00 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 50.00 

Indiana— $3.60 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Junior Dept., Flora, ....$ 3.60 
Maryland— $5.00 
Mid. Dist., S. S.: Creek Hill (Broadfording), 5.00 

Total for the month, $ 8.60 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 8.60 

Indiana— $4.50 

So. Dist., S. S.: Middlelown, $ 4.50 


The Missionary Visitor 


Montana— $10.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. John Wood, Sr. 

(Milk River Valley), 10.00 

Nebraska— $50.00 

Indv. Mrs. J. S. Gabel, 50.00 


E. Dist., Cong.: D. J. Myers (Midland), .. 6.00 

Washington— $50.00 

Cong.: Omak, 50.00 

Total for the month, -. $ 120.50 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total tor fhe year, $ 120.50 

Indiana— $33.44 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Ever Ready Class," 
La Porte, $30; Children of S. S., La Porte, 

$3.44, $ 33.44 

Minnesota— $2.00 

S. S.: Intermediate Class, Guthrie 2.00 

Missouri— $2.00 

No. Dist., S. S. : Children of No. St. Joseph, 2.00 

North Dakota— $37.93 

S. S.: Children of James River, 37.93 

Ohio— $45.33 

So. Dist., S. S.: Children of Brookville, .... 45.33 

Total for the month, % 120.70 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

$ 120.70 
Correction No. 2, 25.50 

Total for the year, $ 146.20 

California— $25.29 

So. Dist., S. S.: Junior Dept., Covina, ....$ 25.29 

Total for the month, $ 25.29 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 25.29 

B. Y. P. D. FUND— 1927 
California— $7.50 

No. Dist., B. Y. P .D.: Laton $ 7.50 

Washington— $20.00 

B. Y. P. D.: Olympia, 20.00 

Total for the month, $ 27.50 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

$ 27.50 
Correction No. 2, 40.85 

Total for the year, $ 68.35 

B. Y. P. D. FUND— 1928 
Illinois— $25.00 

No. Dist., B. Y. P. D.; First Chicago, ....$ 25.00 
Ohio— $5.00 

So. Dist., B. Y. P. D.: Piqua 5.00 

Oregon— $5.00 

B. Y. P. D.: Portland 5.00 

Pennsylvania— $5.00 

Mid. Dist., B. Y. P. D.: Spring Run, .... 5.00 

Washington— $10.50 

B. Y. P. D.: Omak 10.50 

Total for the month $ 50.50 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 50.50 

Illinois— $12.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Illinois Park Union, ....$ .12.00 

Kansas— $10.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: J. D. Yoder (Monitor), 10.00 
Maryland— $75.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: A. L. B. Martin & Wife 
(First Baltimore), $50; Wm. A. Hochstedler 
& Wife (Bethany), $25, 75.00 

Pennsylvania— $70.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Junior Sunbeam Class, Ann- 
ville, $10; East Petersburg, $25; Salunga (E. 
Petersburg), $25, 60.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: No. 104603 (Lewistown), 10.00 
Washington— $15.00 

Cong.: S. Bock (No. Spokane), 15.00 

Total for the month, $ 182.00 

Total previously reported, .' 0.00 

Total for the year $ 182.00 

Florida— $10.00 

Indv.: J. E. Young, $ 10.00 

Ohio— $15.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Greenville, 15.00 

Virginia — $20.00 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc. : Bridgewater, 20.00 

Total for the month, ..' $ 45.00 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 45.00 

Iowa— $5.00 

So. ist., S. S.: So. Keokuk $ 5.00 

Pennsylvania— $38.25 

E. Dist., Aid Soc: West Green Tree, 26.25 

W. Dist., Cong.: Markleysburg, 12.00 

Total for the month, $ 43.25 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 43.25 

California — $25.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : "Abiding Branches" 

Class, First Los Angeles, $ 25.00 

Illinois— $12.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: Edith M. Scrogum (First 

Chicago), 12.50 

Indiana— $125.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Lona Swihart (Mexico), 

$25; Aid Soc: Manchester, $100, 125.00 

Maryland— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Altruistic Bible Class," 

Hagerstown, 25.00 

Ohio— $6.25 

So. Dist., S .S.: "Golden Rule Class," 

Happy Corner (Lower Stillwater), 6.25 

Pennsylvania— $25.00 

W. Dist., S. S.: "Hopeful Band Bible 

Class," Scalp Level, 25.00 

Texas— $25.00 

Cong.: Dorothy E. and Lillian L. Heller- 
man (Fort Worth), 25.00 

Virginia— $25.00 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc: Summit 25.00 

Total for the month, $ 268.75 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 268.75 

Alabama— $5.00 

S. S. : "Class in the Corner," Easley (One- 

onta), $ 5.00 

Pennsylvania— $25.67 

So. Dist., Cong.: Upper Conewago, 25.67 

Total for the month, $ 30.67 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 30.67 

California— $105.82 

So. Dist., La Verne Cong, for L. A. Blick- 

enstaff & Wife, $ 105.82 

Idaho— $83.90 

Congs. of Idaho and W. Mont, for Anetta 
C. Mow, 83.90 


The Missionary Visitor 


IUinois— $280.00 

No. Dist., Mt. Morris College Missionary 
Society for D. J. Lichty, 275.00 

So. Dist., Decatur S. S. for Darlene But- 

terbaugh, 5.00 

Kansas— $599.62 

N. E. Dist., Sunday Schools for Ella Ebbert, 532.50 

S. E. Dist., Parsons S. S. for Mrs. E. H. 
Eby, $4.70; Congs., S. S.'s, and Indvs. for 

Mrs. E. H. Eby, $62.42 67.12 

Missouri— $40.11 

Mid. Dist., South Warrensburg Cong, for 
Jennie Mohler, $25.11; Cal Beshore (South 

Warrensburg) for Jennie Mohler, $15, 40.11 

Ohio— $33.46 

N. W. Dist., S. S.'s for Hattie Z. Alley, .. 33.46 
Pennsylvania— $570.50 

E. Dist., Salunga S. S. (E. Petersburg), for 
Baxter Mow. $550; Spring Creek, Cong, for 

Eliza B. Miller, $20.60, 570.50 

Virginia— $30.00 

No. Dist., Greenmount Cong, for I. S. Long 
& Wife, $5; "Mary & Martha" Class, 
Linville Creek, for Elizabeth Long, $25, .... 30.00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $1,743.41 

Kansas— $10.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: J. D. Yoder (Monitor), $ 10.00 
Pennsylvania— $17.50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Codorus, 17.50 

Washington— $15.00 

Cong.: S. Bock (No. Spokane), 15.00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 



Florida— $50.00 

Indv.: Jos. D. Reish & Wife, $ 

Maryland— $75.00 

E. Dist., S. S. : Bethany, 

Texas— $25.00 

Cong.: Dorothy E. and Lillian L. Heller- 
man (Fort Worth), 

Washington— $25.00 

S. S.: Richland Valley, 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 





Total for the year $ 175.00 

Colorado— $24.58 

E. Dist., Miami Cong, for Anna N. Crum- 

packer, $ 24.58 

Idaho— $104.20 

Congs. of Idaho and W. Mont, for Dr. D. 

L. Horning, 104.20 

Indiana— $328.99 

Mid. Dist., Manchester College S. S. for 
Laura J. Schock 275.00 

No. Dist., S. S.'s for Mary Schaeffer, .... 53.99 

Kansas— $10.00 

S. W. Dist., Congs. for F. H. Crumpacker, 10.00 

Ohio— $540.00 

N. E. Dist., Freeburg S. S. for Sue R. 

Heisey, 540.00 

Pennsylvania— $124.38 

E. Dist., Peach Blossom Cong, for Anna 
Hutchison 74.3S 

Mid. Dist., Albright Cong. & S. S. for 
Olivia D. Ikenberry, $20; Everett S. S. for Dr. 

Carl Coffman, $30, 50.00 

Tennessee— $14.00 

Knob Creek Aid Society for Anna Bowman 
Seese, 14.00 

Total for the month, $ 1,146.15 

Total previously reported, 
Correction No. 2, 




Correction No. 1, 


Total for the year, $1,014.39 

Indiana — $7.65 

No. Dist., Aid Soc: Plymouth, $ 7.65 

Kansas— $10.00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: J. D. Yoder (Monitor), 10.00 
Maryland— $10.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: C. H. Merrill & Wife 

(Cherry Grove), 10.00 

Missouri— $2.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mary M. Cox (War- 
rensburg), 2.00 

Ohio— $100.00 

So. Dist., Indv.: Annie May Calvert, 100.00 

Pennsylvania— $93.50 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: First Philadelphia, 93.50 

Washington— $10.00 

Cong.: S. Bock (Xo. Spokane), 10.00 

Wisconsin— $3.00 

S. S. : Primary Class, Worden, 3.00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the month, S 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $ 236.15 

Correction No. 2, 31.28 

Correction No. 3 30.00 

Total for the year, $ 297.43 

California— $25.00 

Xo. Dist., C. W. S. : Oakland, $ 25.00 

Iowa— $5.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: L. Clark (Ottumwa), 5.00 

Kansas— $75.00 

X. E. Dist., S. S.: Willing Workers Class, 

Morrill, 75.00 

Maryland— $25.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Willing Workers Class, 

Woodberry 25.00 

Ohio— $20.00 

X. E. Dist., Indv.: A Sister, 20.00 


Total for the year S 150.00 

California— $122.50 

So. Dist.. S. S.'s of So. Calif & Ariz, for 

Clarence Heckman, S 122.50 

Indiana— $329.77 

Mid. Dist., Student Volunteers of Man- 
chester College for Clara Harper Budget. .. 275.79 

No. Dist., S. S.'s for Marguerite Burke 

Budget 53.98 

Pennsylvania— $684 .35 

E. Dist., Indian Creek S. S. for Sara 
Shisler 28.53 

W. Dist., Quemahoning Cong, for Esther 
Beahm, $30.82; Maple Spring Aid Soc. 
(Quemahoning) for Esther Beahm. $30; Young 
People's Council for Marguerite Burke, $595, 655.82 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 


Total for the year, $1,136.62 

Pennsylvania — $111.60 

E. Dist., Cong.: Spring Creek, $2; S. S.: 
Character Builders' Class, Midway, $5; Eliza- 
beth Martin's Class, Midway, $6.50; " Willing 
Workers " Class, Midway, $1; Primary Dept., 
Spring Creek, $2.10; " Hopeful " Class, 


The Missionary Visitor 


Spring Creek, $30; Women's Bible Class, 

Spring Creek, $60; Men's Bible Class, $5, ... 111.60 

Total for the month, $ 111.60 

Total previously reported, 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 111.60 


Michigan— $1.00 

Indv.: Unknown donor of Brutus, $ 1.00 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 







Total for the year, $ 


Canada— $108.80 

Cong.: Bow Valley, $ 

Illinois— $3.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: O. E. Gibson, (First 


Indiana— $254.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Bachelor Run, 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bethel, $10; Center, $19; 
New Paris, $45; Turkey Creek, $52; Margaret 
A. Johnson (First So. Bend), $100; Aid Soc. : 

Wabash City, $10, 

Iowa— $200.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: English River 

Kansas— $5.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: W. C. Ruthrauff (Paint 

Creek), 5.00 

Michigan— $25.00 

Indv.: Mrs. Harry Carmer, 25.00 

Missouri— $50.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Jas. S. Carney & Family 

(Shelby Co.), 50.00 

New Mexico— $25.00 

Cong.: W. R. Hornbaker & Family (Clovis), 25.00 
Ohio— $10.00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Two Sisters (Green- 
spring), 10.00 

Pennsylvania— $52,00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Lititz, $10; Clara Funder- 
burg (Lake Ridge), $5; Clayton B. Miller 
(Swatara, Big), $5, 20.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Cherry Lane, 7.00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: 4th St. Chambersburg, 20.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Plum Creek, 5.00 

Virginia— $42.17 

No. Dist., Cong.: Greenmount, $32.67; Upper 
Lost River, $4.50, 37.17 

Sec. Dist., Aid Soc: Moscow, 5.00 

Washington— $5.00 

Cong.: M. A. Verbeck (Okanogan Valley), 5.00 

Total for the month, $ 779.97 

Total previously reported, 0.00 


Correction No. 2, 
Correction No. 3, 

Total for the year, ...$ 515.34 


Maryland— $50.00 

E. Dist., Cong, 

Dr. C. A. Whisler (Den- 



Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 50.00 

Canada— $25.00 

Cong.: Geo. C. Long (Sec Irricana), ....$ 25.00 
Iowa— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: E. L. West (Des Moines 

Valley), 25.00 

Maryland— $115.00 

E. Dist., Indv.: C. F. & M. M. Fifer, .... 100.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: C. C. Beachy (Bear 

Creek), 15.00 

Michigan — $5.00 

Cong.: Torrence Townsend (Woodland), .. 5.00 

Ohio— $155.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Harriet R. Kessler 
(Cleveland), 100.00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. David Lytle 
(Deshler), 5.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Ira W. Petersime (Oak- 
land), 50.00 

Pennsylvania — $335.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: No. 104816 (Elizabeth- 
town), $200; J. G. Graybill (White Oak), 
$50, $ 250.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: A. B. Mock (Martins- 
burg, Clover Creek), 10.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Harry Kramer (Green 
Tree), 50.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Norman S. Berkey (Wind- 
ber), , 25.00 

Total for the month, $ 660.00 

Total previously reported, •. 0.00 

Total for the year, $ 660.00 

Tribute to Missionaries 

" When the history of India shall be really- 
written, a large place will have to be given 
to the work of the Christian missionaries. 
The best we have we got from them. The 
high thoughts and the moral ideals of our 
Gandhi and our Rabinadrath Tagore were 
taught to them by missionaries." 

These are not the words of a Christian. 
They were uttered by a learned Hindu, an 
official in government service. 

And he repeated the same sentiment when 
he presided one evening at a Christian meet- 
ing where two hundred of the educated 
Mohammedans and Hindus had gathered in 
a large tent, where we were camping, to 
listen to Christian addresses. 

A Hindu young man from a distant city, 
who was studying in the Bareilly College, 
called on me one day and told me that he 
was frequently an interested listener to my 
sermons in the English service, and that he 
had derived much help from missionaries. 
He is not far from the kingdom. 

Another, a wealthy young Mohammedan, 
father of a family, called one day and said 
that for years he had desired to become a 
Christian. He said that his wife was un- 
willing to change her religion, but was 
determined not to leave him. His suggestion 
was that he go to another city to live, for 
he felt sure that if he remained in that city 
and became a Christian he would be killed. 
These three men had been touched by the 
Christian school and by personal contact 
with missionaries. — N. J. West. 

Church of the Brethren Missionaries 

Supported in Whole or in Part by Funds Administered by the General Mission Board 
With the Year They Entered Service 

Church of the Brethren In- 
dustrial School, Geer, Va. 

Bollinger. Amsey, and Flor- 
ence, 1922 

Finckh, Elsie, 1925 

Hersch, Orville, and Mabel, 

Kline, Alvin, 1926 

Wampler, Nelie, 1922 
Dayton, Va. 

Early, H. C, and Emma, 
In Pastoral Service 

Bowman, Price, and Elsie, 
Bassett, Va., 1925 

Eby, E. H., and Emma, 3503 
St. Joseph Ave., St. Jo- 
seph, Mo., 1927 

Fahnestock, Rev., and Mrs. 
S. G., 1105 Haight Ave., 
Portland, Ore., 1927 

Haney, R. A., and Irva, 
Lonaconing, Md., 1925 

Horner, W. J., and Hazel, 
3122 Ellis Ave., Fort 
Worth, Texas, 1920 

Rohrer, Ferdie, and Pearl, 
Jefferson, N. C, 1927 

Royer, Naomi, 1059 Michigan 
Ave., Portland Ore., 1927 

Showalter, R. K., and Flor- 
ence, Rosepine, La., 1926 

White, Ralph, and Matie, 
1205 E. Holston Ave., 
Johnson City, Tenn., 1923 
In Evangelistic Service 

Smith, Rev., and Mrs. S. Z., 
Sidney, Ohio 


Spanhusvagen 38, M a 1 m b, 

Graybill, J. F., and Alice, 

Buckingham, Ida, 1913 
Liao Chow, Shansi, China 
Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 
Senger, Nettie M., 1916 
Shock, Laura J., 1916 
Peking, China 

% No. China Language School 
Coffman, Dr. Carl, 1921, and 
Lulu, 1919 
Ping Ting Chow, Shansi, China 
Crumpacker, F. H., 1908 
Flory, Edna R., 1917 
Metzger, Minerva, 1910 
Schaeffer, Mary, 1917 
Show Yang, Shansi, China 
Neher, Minneva J., 1924 
Ulery, Ruth F., 1926 
T'ung Chow, Chihli, China 
Flory, Byron M., and Nora, 

Heisey, Walter J., and Sue, 

Oberholtzer, I. E., and 

Elizabeth, 1916 
Seese, Norman A., and Anna, 

On Furlough 

Baker, Elizabeth. 426 E. 5lst 
St.. Chicago, 111. 

Bright, J. Homer, and Min- 
nie, 3435 Van Buren St., 
Chicago, 111., 1911 

Brubaker, L. S., and Marie, 
La Verne, Calif., 1924 

Clapper, V. Grace, 3435 Van 
Buren St., Chicago, 111., 

Cline, Mary E., Seth Low 
Hall, 106 Morningside 
Drive, New York City, 1920 

Crumpacker, Anna, McPher- 
son, Kans., 1908 

Horning, Dr. D. L., and 
Martha, 113 6 Michigan 
Ave., Topeka, Kans.. 1919 

Horning, Emma, 730 Molino 
Ave., Long Beach, Calif., 

Hutchison, Anna, Western- 
port, Md., 1911 

Ikenberry, E. L., and Olivia, 
3343 Whitney Ave., Mt. 
Carmel, Conn., 1922 

Myers, Minor M., and Sara, 
Bridgewater, Va., 1919 

Smith, W. Harlan, and 
Frances, 3435 Van Buren 
St., Chicago, 111., 1920 

Sollenberger, O. C, and 
Hazel, % J. W. Coppock, 
Tippecanoe City, Ohio, 1919 

Vaniman, Ernest D., and 
Susie. La Verne, Calif., 1913 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J., and 
Rebecca, Accomac, Va., 

Garkida, Nigeria, West Afri- 
can, via Jos 

Flohr, Earl W., and Ella, 

Gibbel, Dr. J. Paul, and 

Verda. 1926 
Harper, Clara, 1926 
Helser, Albert D., 1922, and 

Lola, 1923 
Robertson, Dr. Russell L., 

and Bertha C. 1927 
Shisler, Sara, 1926 
Dille, via Jos and Maiduguri, 
Nigeria, West Africa 
Burke, Dr. Homer L., and 

Marguerite, 1923 
Kulp. H. Stover, 1922, and 

Christina, 1927 
On Furlough 
Mallott. Floyd, and Ruth, 

5479 Ellis Ave., Chicago, 

111., 1924 
Heckman, Clarence C, and 

Lucile, Polo, 111., 1924 
Beahm, Wm. M., and Es- 
ther, Elgin, 111., % Gen- 
eral Mission Board 
Ahwa, Dangs, India 
Butterbaugh, A. G., and 

Bertha. 1919 
Garner, H. P., and Kathryn, 

Anklesvar, Broach Dist., India 
Grisso Lillian, 1917 

Long, I. S., and Effie, 1903 
Moomaw, I. \V., and Mabel, 

Woods, Beulah, 1924 
Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 
Cottrell, Dr. A. R., and 

Laura, 1913 
Mohler, Jennie, 1916 
Shumaker, Ida C, 1910 
Dahanu Road, Thana Dist., 
Blickenstaff, Verna M., 1919 
Ebbert, Ella, 1917 
Metzger, Dr. Ida, 1925 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 

Roop, Ethel, 1926 
Swartz, Goldie E., 1916 
Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Miller. Eliza B., 1900 
Vada, Thana Dist., India 
Brumbaugh, Anna B., 1919 
Ebey, Adam, and Alice, 1900 
Kaylor, John I., 1911, and 
Ina, 1921 
Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Alley, Howard L., and Hat- 
tie, 1917 
Post Umalla, via Anklesvar, 
Miller, Arthur S. B., and 

Jennie, 1919 
Wolf, L. Mae, 1922 
Ziegler, Kathryn, 1908 
Vyara, via Surat, India 
Brooks, Harlan J., and Ruth, 

Mow, Anetta, 1917 
Burjor Bag, Lunsikui, Nav- 
sari, India 
Mow, Baxter M., and Anna, 
Woodstock School, Landour 
Mussoorie, W. P., India 
Stoner, Susan L., 1927 
On Furlough 
Blickenstaff, Lynn A., and 
Mary, 129 Orange Ave., 
Long Beach, Calif., 1920 
Blough, J. M., and Anna, 
1309 Franklin, Johnstown, 
Pa., 1903 
Hollenberg, Fred M., and 
Nora, 3435 Van Buren St., 
Chicago, 111., 1919 
Kintner, Elizabeth, Nev, 

Ohio, 1919 
Lichty, D. J., 1902, and 
Anna, 1912, Trotwood, Ohio 
Miller, Sadie J., R. F. D., 

Waterloo, Iowa, 1903 
Royer, B. Mary, Richland, 

Pa., 1913 
Shickel, Elsie N., 2211 Orange 
Ave. N. W., Roanoke, Va., 
Shull, Chalmer, and Mary, 
3435 Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago, 111., 1919 
Summer. B. F.. and Nettie, 
3435 Van Buren St., Chi- 
cago, 111., 1919 
Wagoner, J. E., and Ellen, 
North Manchester, Ind., 
Widdowson, Olive, Penn 
Run, Pa., 1912 

Please Notice.— Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 

The Conference Offering 

When the cash and pledges are counted and the report 
is made to the La Verne Annual Conference on July 2 will 
your church be listed on the Honor Roll? 

There is yet time to conduct an Every Member Enlist- 
ment for contributions to carry on the missionary work of 
our beloved church. 

Sin is rampant, multitudes know not Christ, mission- 
aries are kept off the field for want of some one to send them. 
Is your church responsible for sending missionaries or keep- 
ing missionaries at home? 

Send all contributions for the Conference Budget to 


Elgin, Illinois 

Execute Your Own Will 

You do this when you get one of our annuity bonds. It 
will mean a big saving to the Lords treasury in court costs, 
and lawyers' and administrators' fees. 

But, If You Make A Will- 

Get good legal help that your will may be properly 
made. To remember missions in your will the following 
form of bequest is recommended: 

"I give and bequeath to the General Mission Board of the 
ChurcH of the Brethren, a corporation of the State of Illinois, 
with headquarters at Elgin, Kane County, Illinois, their 

successors and assigns, forever, the sum of 

dollars ($ ) to be used for the purpose of the 

said Board as specified in their charter." 

Write for booklet V-268 which tells about annuity bonds and wills 

General Mission. Board 

£lgii\. Illinois 


Chuvcli of the 'Brethren 

Vol. XXX 

July, 1928 

No. 7 

CONTENTS and when their pastor moved and another 

E ?v^i v, T7 ,i ti. • *r • ♦ 7 m came the >' save $380 in a year. 

Will Churches Follow Their Minister? 209 

Exit Communism from China 209 »g »j 

Hinduism, Atheism, or Christianity 210 

Capacities for Christianity in Other Races 210 EXIT COMMUNISM FROM CHINA 

Contributed Articles About t} f „ f 

Evangelism, J. M. Blough 211 . . > . %,« £ • , . a 

The China Mission, N. A. Seese 214 RuSSia H1 Chma - Toda y RusSia s influence 

Notes from Our Fields is scarcely mentioned. Hardly a year ago 

China— Lulu W. Coffman and Dr. T. II. Wang 216 Borodin was the political adviser to the 

^, Afr ' ca ":"'"'. "^ Nationalist government. The Communists 

The Record of Giving, Compiled by the Council . . , , , , 

of Promotion in were organizing the laborers and peasants 
The Workers' Comer ^ or an industrial revolution, and were Carry- 
Missionary News 217 ing on expensive anti-foreign and anti-Chris- 

The Junior Missionary tian propaganda. 

An Indian Medical Play, Anetta C. Mow ....219 Now the Nationalist party has ousted the 

By the Evening Lamp 222 Communists from its ranks in response to 

Financial Report 2^5 pu blic opinion. New leaders, many of them 

trained in American universities, are in 

LiUltonal power. These statesmen are responsible for 

WILL CHURCHES FOLLOW THEIR * e . f riendIy . att * udc tOWard Amefica aml 

...m..« wnMM Christian institutions. 

MINISTER? „ n , ... , . . . 

\\ hue our missionaries are doing their 

In Pennsylvania a certain church during part in China }et us see t0 it that our coun . 

one year gave $268 for missions. The church try maintains Christian attitudes toward 

changed pastors and the second year there- Chinaj and that our own missionary zeal 

after gave $656 for missions. does not i ag . As this is written it appears 

In Missouri a church gave $334 in one year. as if the Nationalist party would come into 

They changed pastors and the second year possession of Peking. There is a strong 

thereafter directed by another pastor gave probability that the backbone of the war 

^ °^ will then be broken and Christianity will 

In Indiana a church gave $835 in one year, come into a new era in China. 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 


OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind., 

A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa, 1916-1929. 

H. H. NYE, Elizabethtown, Pa., 1923-1932. 

J. B. EMMERT, La Verne, Calif., 1924-1931. 

LEVI GARST, Salem, Va., R. R. 1, 1925-1930. 

OTHO WINGER, President, 1912-1928. 

A. P. BLOUGH, Vice President, 1916-1929. 

CHARLES D. BONSACK, General Secretary, 
1921. * 

H. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor, 1918. 

M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary, 1919. 

CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer, 1920. 

Note.— The bold type date indicates the year when 
Board Members were first elected, the other date the 
year when Board Members' terms expire. 

* Although Bro. Bonsack was not elected secretary 
until 1921 he has been connected with the Board 
since 1906. 



The subscription price is included in EACH dona- 
tion of four dollars or more to the General Mission 
Board, either direct or through any congregational 
collection, provided the four dollars or more are 
given by one individual and in no way combined 
with another's gift. Different members of the same 
family may each give four dollars or more and ex- 
tra subscriptions, thus secured, may upon request 
be sent to persons who they know will be interested 
in reading the Visitor. NO VISITOR SUBSCRIP- 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription 
terms do not include a subscription for every four 
dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation 
of four dollars or more, no matter how large the 

Address all communications regarding subscrip- 
tions and make remittances payable to GENERAL 

Entered as second class matter at the positoffice 
at Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage 
provided for in section 1103, Act of October 3, 1917, 
authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 


A missionary and a Hindu gentleman, 
after transacting business the other day, 
started to discuss religion. The Hindu said 
to the missionary : " What do you think will 
have happened to Hinduism fifty years from 

The missionary, not having met the 
gentleman before, cautiously replied : " I 

presume Hinduism will reform herself from 
within and adapt herself to new conditions." 

To this the Hindu replied : " I beg to dif- 
fer with you. Fifty years hence Hinduism 
will be practically extinct." 

The missionary asked why he was so 
pessimistic. He answered that Hinduism 
could never survive the light which science 
is giving to the world. " Every year finds 
Hinduism more powerless and impotent," he 
said. " My father was a liberal Hindu for 
his day, but he dared not defy Hinduism 
as I can do in my day." 

Here was this Hindu losing faith in his 
religion because the light of science had 
shown its weakness. The next step for him 
was atheism. The Hindu, religious b~ 
nature, does not desire to become atheistic, 
but cannot hold on to a religion which to 
him has lost its worth. The beauty of 
Christianity is that it does not contradict 
scientific truth. Every new advance in the 
discovery of truth finds the principles of 
Christ big enough to include it. Herein is 
the weakness of Hinduism. 

More missionaries are needed in India, and 
they should be of a type that can present 
the expanding Christ, whose truth encom- 
passes all that man has ever discovered. 


There is ample evidence that even those 
in the lowest rung of the ladder of civiliza- 
tion have in them the capacity to develop 
into educated and cultured men and women. 
An outstanding illustration is the develop- 
ment of the Battak people in the mountain 
country of North Sumatra who, under the 
Rhenish Missionary Society of Germany, 
have abandoned cannibalistic habits, ceased 
their tribal wars, improved their social and 
economic conditions and have erected and 
maintained modern schools, hospitals and 
churches with a total baptized Christian 
community of a quarter of a million people. 

(Continued on Page 234) 


The Missionary Visitor 



Touring in Vyara Villages 


Missionary to India Since 1903 

" Jesus went about all the cities and vil- 
lages, teaching in their synagogues, and 
preaching the gospel of the kingdom." 

MISSIONARIES aim to follow in the 
footsteps of their Lord, and evan- 
gelistic missionaries are never hap- 
pier than when they can go preaching in 
the villages as Jesus did. This privilege has 
been ours for seven years, and we wish to 
share a little of our joy with you. The 
village people are the common people, and 
as the common people heard Jesus gladly, 
so the common people hear the gospel story 
gladly today. 

Jesus preached in the synagogues, but he 
also preached out in the open places by the 
seaside and on the mountain. We find no 
synagogues at all in which to preach, so 
all our meetings are held out in the open, 
under trees by day and under the stars by 
night. In some villages weekly markets are 
held, and these afford an excellent opportu- 
nity to meet many people. I wish to tell 
you about one such market. Our tents were 
set close by the market site. The preceding 
night 500 people attended our meeting. Dur- 

ing the night and early morning the shop- 
keepers brought their wares in ox-carts and 
displayed them for sale in small booths 
which they set along the road. The shop- 
keepers come from larger towns, five to ten 
miles distant. The booths are very tempo- 
rary, made of a few poles and canvas or 
cloth. Some shops do not even have booths. 

Early in the morning the village people 
for miles around come to trade, many of 
them bringing a little cotton, grain or vege- 
tables from their homes, which they trade 
for cloth or vessels or something which they 
need. Some simply come with a little 
money. We watch our time when the 
market is well filled with people, and then 
begin our meeting. This time we chose the 
village school front yard, as it was a nice, 
clean, unoccupied place near the market, yet 
far enough distant not to disturb the market 
nor be disturbed by it. 

The Christian company is made up of four 
Indian men, and a dozen girls from the 
boarding school whom Sister Mow had so 
kindly brought to help us. We seat our- 
selves on the ground with phonograph and 

Evangelistic Camp. Twenty School Girls Are Taking Part 


The Missionary Visitor 


Singpur Market Meeting 

" This village meeting at Singpur is about 20 miles north and east from Vyara. The day we were 
in camp at this place, there was a village market held in the village. At five o'clock in the morning, 
we heard the carts come creaking in, stop, unload. These carts drove through from larger towns such 
as Vyara, Songadh and Navapur — coming distances of 10, 15, 20 and 30 miles. They brought a varied and 
curious collection of the things which villagers like to buy. By daylight, the road was lined on both 
sides for one-fourth mile with little shops. These shops were made out of bamboo poles driven into the 
ground with a canvas, or gunny sacking thrown over them. And they looked very attractive! One might 
buy a little of most anything from these shops, from candy, popcorn, strings of beads, looking glasses, 
men's coats, earthen vessels, tobacco, _ toddy, salt, and grain. The villagers brought grass and grain 
on their heads in exchange for the things in the shops. The market was a swarming, busy place for 
about five hours, and then just as quickly as it all began, it stopped and went away. By 11:30 every 
sign of a " town " was gone. Such is a village market which comes each week during the cool season." 

Indian Village Love Feast 

" A love feast at the village of Hasvav, 12 miles south from Vyara. After this picture was snapped, 
many more people continued to come. It was a large meeting and lasted until 10 o'clock at night. This 
was but one of the eight village love feasts held during this last touring season. I recall some nine 
years ago when Brother Long had the first love feasts in these villages. They were so new to the 
people that many times they laughed and felt ashamed to wash feet, and they didn't like to drink the 
grape juice (juice off of raisins) for in their ignorance they thought it was blood. But as the years have 
passed these people are learning to understand, and they can enter into the sacredness of a love feast in a 
way which makes us rejoice." 



The Missionary Visitor 


musical instruments. First of all one man 
plays the drums, and at once the people 
begin to gather around us on all sides and 
crowd right up against us. We try to make 
them sit down, but they are so eager to 
see that only a few can be kept down. Two 
girls stand up and lead a song. This is a 
great novelty to them, as their girls do not 
go to school. It is a fine advertisement for 

female education. Then the phonograph 
plays. This is another novelty, for many 
never heard it before. 

By now several hundred people are gath- 
ered around us and we begin a second part 
of our meeting. The girls one by one stand 
up and recite some choice Bible verse, then 
together they repeat the twenty-third 
Psalm. Then one of the men stands up, 

i ■ r 

Jivanji Hira Administers Baptism 

" Baptism scene in the village of Chickhli (pronounced chick-lee). In this village 
the Government has built a dam for holding water for irrigation, and we came to 
this place for the baptism. Ten men and boys were baptized, coming from three 
different villages. Jivanji Hira, our Vyara pastor, is administering the rite. Brother 
Blough stands at the left-hand side. After this baptism, the group went back 
to the Mission village schoolhouse and enjoyed a love feast together. Fifty-seven 
communed. Over two hundred people were present." 

J. M. Blough Administers Baptism 

Baptism in a little stream at the village of Petadhra. 18 miles south from Vyara. Seventeen were 
baptized at this time, most of them being young men. Surely these young people are the hope of the 
church. That same evening a love feast was held. It was a quiet, orderly service. 


The Missionary Visitor 


and after a short prayer preaches a five or 
ten-minute sermon. He may tell a Bible 
story or something else interesting, for if it 
is not interesting the people will begin to 
talk and walk away. Sermons must be short 
and attractive. Then the girls sing another 
song, the phonograph plays again, another 
one speaks, and so we keep on in this fash- 
ion as long as the people wish to hear. 
The meeting lasts from one to two hours. 
Several times during the meeting gospels and 
tracts are offered for sale. The picture 
shows this meeting in progress. 

" When he saw the multitudes, he was 
moved with compassion for them, because 
they were distressed and scattered, as sheep 
not having a shepherd." 

By the time the meeting closes we are all 
tired and find ourselves sitting in the sun, for 
the sun is high and the shade is gone. This 
section of the country is new to the Gospel, 
with scarcely a Christian for miles around 
except a few boys who had been in the 
boarding school. At markets and in other 
places our hearts often fill with joy as some 
boys and girls, men and women, push their 
way through the crowd while the meeting is 
in progress and sit down with the Christian 
group and help us. They are either Chris- 
tians or are under instruction for baptism. 

Publicly they take their stand with us and 
we rejoice. They have learned about Christ 
and are willing to declare it. God be praised 
for them ! 

Now I want to tell you about village love 
feasts. Seven such feasts were held last 
winter and we enjoyed them all very much. 
These are held in the older villages, where 
there is a Christian community which ar- 
ranges it and bears the expense. At three 
of these feasts new members were added 
to the church. At one three were baptized, 
at another ten, and at a third seventeen. 
This adds greatly to the joy of the occasion. 
The pictures show lovely baptismal scenes. 
Here is also a picture of a village feast. We 
sit outside as we have no churches to ac- 
commodate such large crowds. Many who 
are not Christian also attend. About three 
hundred were present at this meeting later 
in the evening. Only a fourth of them were 
Christian. But how glad we are when others 
will also come and eat with us. At another 
feast four hundred were present and over a 
hundred Christians. Oh, the villages are 
accepting the Christ and learning to follow 
him! Pray for these young churches in 
the villages and give cheerfully to build up 
hundreds of others. 

" The harvest indeed is plenteous, but the 
laborers are few." 

The China Mission 

Report of the Work of the Church of the Brethren in China for 

the Year 1927 


CHRISTIANITY has passed through 
many vicissitudes in China since its 
introduction into this country. But 
the modern missionary movement, which 
began about a century and a quarter ago, 
went through the most trying experience of 
its history during the year 1927. Yet, con- 
trary to what one would think, it made 
substantial progress along certain lines dur- 
ing the year. 

Previous opposition to Christianity was 
directed from within China, but the violent 
outburst against it for the last two or three 
years, which reached its high tide in 1927, 
was directed by a malicious, materialistic 

force from without. This force is well 
known to be opposed to most of the higher 
refinements of civilized society. The propa- 
ganda directed against Christianity was un- 
reasonable, vicious falsehoods, designed to 
appeal to the baser emotions and prejudices 
of the crowd. As such it could not be met 
by apologetic methods or reason. It spread 
over the country so rapidly that no effective 
means could be organized to oppose it. The 
Christians had to withstand the opposition 
for the most part as local groups, relying 
largely for their defense on individual faith 
and courage. 

During these few years, the active op- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ponents felt sure that Christianity was en- 
gaged in its death struggle in China. Even 
now, they insist, it is living through its last 
days in China. In coming to this conclusion 
they fail to understand and appreciate the 
means of the Christian's defense, namely, 
his faith and experience with the living God 
and spiritual fellowship with Jesus Christ. 
These are powerful weapons. Many Chris- 
tians were confronted with the choice of 
standing by their faith and experience with 
persecution as the result, or denying them 
and thus gaining freedom from further 
molestations. The great majority decided to 
stand by their religion. The opposition 
forces have not understood nor grasped the 
significance of this fact. Hence, they go 
believing that Christianity is dying out. 

Shansi Province, where our mission is 
located, was less disturbed than most other 
provinces. The province has been well gov- 
erned ever since the republic began and 
the governor kept a strong hand on the 
disturbing elements. When the province 
went over to the Kuomintang, there were 
no disturbances. However, before the year 
ended the province declared war on the 
Peking Government and considerable excite- 
ment prevailed from then on. 

Because of this favorable condition our 
work was not subjected to the ravages 
which missions in many other parts of China 
suffered. This made it much easier for our 
Christians to keep the work going while the 
foreigners were away. They did very 
creditable work on the whole and deserve 
our increasing confidence in their sincerity 
and ability. It is true they worked accord- 
ing to a program which the foreigners had 
helped to establish, but for the most part 
they showed themselves in sympathy with 
the program and endeavored to put it 
through successfully. 

The evangelists kept on with their preach- 
ing and teaching. They not only gave help 
and inspiration to the members, but when 
the missionaries returned in the fall they 
found a number of applicants ready for 
baptism at three of the four stations. This 
speaks well for the evangelistic group. It 
shows that God can use men and women for 
the spread of his kingdom regardless of 
their race or nationality. 

Those who were left in charge of the 

schools also showed themselves to be worthy 
of confidence. They were careful with the 
funds entrusted to them, and in most ways 
administered the schools much as the for- 
eigners did when they were in charge of 
them. Some felt uneasy, lest the schools 
might not close properly in the spring after 
the missionaries left, and that this would 
result in a smaller student body in the fall, 
but the schools opened with a general in- 
crease in enrollment. This is evidence that 
the schools were closed in good shape. It 
gives us reason to believe that the Chinese 
teachers and principals have ability to man- 
age the schools. 

The medical work ke] t up remarkably 
well during the summer months. At Show 
Yang and Liao Chow the doctors had been 
at their places for a number of years and 
consequently had things well in hand. At 
Ping Ting Chow the doctor was a new man 
with us, but he had had a number of years 
of experience before he came to us and 
he proved to be capable and possessed with 
a fine Christian spirit. He won the confi- 
dence of the Chinese people in a fine way. 

We are not justified, though, in concluding 
from this experience that the work of the 
missionary is about over and that we can 
prepare to leave the work with the Chinese 
alone. No one would regret this more than 
those Chinese who are sincerely interested 
in the church. The work is confronted with 
new tasks every year. Aims and purposes 
must be more clearly defined and methods 
modified to suit the aims of the work. The 
Chinese need to be instructed in the nature 
and meaning of the church as distinct from 
certain institutions which it fosters. These 
and many other problems make the foreign 
missionary indispensable for years to come. 

There was very little building done in the 
mission during 1927. The mission's future 
needs in this respect will not be large. 
There are about enough foreign residences 
to house all the families and single ladies 
comfortably. The institutional buildings are 
about sufficient for the work. Those needed 
in the future will not be enough to make 
it necessary to form any policy concerning 
them. This means that the mission should 
be much less expensive to the home church 
in this respect in the future than it has 
been in the past. 

(Continued on Page 232) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Notes from Our Fields 


Lulu W. Coffman 

However, the notes that I have are all for 
March. Miss Metzger reported for Ping- 
ting, and her letter was twenty days coming 
through. All winter the mails have been 
uncertain, sometimes delayed for two weeks 
or a month, and again coming through in a 
week's time. 


We at the coast are eagerly looking for- 
ward to the coming of President and Mrs. 
Winger the last of May. However, we are 
very sorry that they will be unable to go 
interior and visit the work there. 



Surprises are taking place all the time. 
The latest was when Mr. Oberholtzer and 
Mr. Heisey suddenly came upon us when we 
had just received word that no one was 
allowed to pass the lines of the military. 
They succeeded in getting around the lines. 
On the outskirts, by the help of a guide who 
knew the place well and who knew some of 
the soldiers, they managed to get by the 
Peking soldiers. They carried passes from 
the governor of Shansi, who was glad to 
have them come back to the province. 
These passes, when presented to the Shansi 
military staff, allowed them to pass the lines, 
even though apparently all travelers both 
ways were being stopped and turned back. 
Their mule drivers were turned back and 
a new lot of drivers were procured at the 
border. These men are evangelists at Show- 
yang and Liao, and we are very glad to see 
them again. The Chinese are even more 
glad to see them than we are, if that is 


It is twelve days now since we have had 
any news from the outside, and we do not 
know whether our letters are being carried 
to the coast or not. We trust that they are. 
I sometimes tell the folks that it seems to 
take more faith and trust to live in China 
now than ever before. 

This seems to be an especially good time 
to reach the boys and girls of China. The 
government primary schools appear to have 
gone to pieces for lack of supervision and 
support financially, and because of this our 
primary schools for both boys and girls are 
crowded to the limit of their capacity. Our 
high school has all the students we can pos- 
sibly accommodate with our present equip- 
ment and dormitories. For next year we 
must make plans more fully to accommodate 
those who come. The spirit in the school is 
remarkably good. A few days ago we saw a 

number of higher primary students playing 
ball with their teachers, and the good fellow- 
ship among them was very noticeable. The 
old lines of demarkation of teacher and stu- 
dents is breaking down in a very blessed 
way. The teachers are mostly young men, 
and those who play with the students are 
the favorites in the classroom. 

Our two Chinese doctors are kept busy 
these days. Yesterday they had three major 
operations. Patients who come daily num- 
ber between thirty and forty. Those lying 
in the hospital average about thirty most of 
the time. The hospital seems to fill a need 
in this section of the province. Many of 
the better homes have been furnishing a 
goodly number of maternity cases in recent 
months. The fear of men doctors is break- 
ing down rather rapidly. 

Our Pingting station is trying out more 
fully than ever before the idea of having 
a love feast and a good meeting with the 
out-stations at least once a year, and per- 
haps twice if the experiment is a success. 
The Chinese like a " Je Nao." This trans- 
lated, literally, means a " hot noisy clamor." 
In simple English we would say a " hot 
time." It is a way they have had in the 
past, and we must make use of it, if we 
can, to bind them together. 

Plans are beginning to be made for sum- 
mer institutes with the evangelists and 
teachers. So in most ways we can say that 
in part, at least, the work moves on in a 
semi-normal fashion, though we seem to be 
terribly shut off from the rest of China and 
from the rest of the world. May the Lord 
bless China as she tries to extricate herself 
from the military rulers. 


Liao Chou. March News 

Reported by Dr. T. H. Wang 

The mumps have visited the Boys' School, 

the principal and about one-fourth of the 

students having had them. Mr. Ts'ai, the 

principal, was quite ill for about two weeks. 

A class of ten interested women is being 
held at Matien by Miss Senger. She also 
reports increased interest among the women 

An unfortunate and sad circumstance oc- 
curred at the Women's Bible School. One 
Sunday, while one of the young mothers was 
eating her dinner, her little girl of less than 
two years disappeared, and after much hunt- 
(Continued on Page 233) 


The Missionary Visitor 


©1?£ Q)tfrk?ni' Qnrnnr 

The Editor Invites Helpful Contributions for This Department of the Visitor ^ 


Evangelism in China 

One of our missionaries, Ruth Ulrey, from 
Show Yang, China, tells of holding a class 
for new Christians at an out-station. One 
home was represented by one who told an 
interesting life story. The father of the 
home became a Christian first and did all 
he could to persuade the mother to become 
a Christian. No persuasions would bring 
results, so he finally theatened to leave her 
if she continued in her idolatrous worship. 
This brought about the desired results, nd 
now the mother is as happy as she can be in 
her Christian life. She and all the children 
and their two chickens (the latter which 
they could not leave at home because there 
would be no one to feed them) came to the 
Bible class that was held here and staid the 
entire time. The son, of about twelve years, 
had to return home during the class for 
food, which he carried back to the church 
compound with him. This same boy was 
baptized a few days later. They certainly 
are a fine group of people, and it is on sucli 
families as this that the future church of 
China must depend, both morally and 

The Chinese evangelist who had the mis- 
sion work in charge while the missionaries 
were away from the station, having been 
ordered to the coast, gave several very fine 
addresses to the people in the way of helps 
to deeper spiritual growth and preparation 
for the baptizing, communion, and Lord's 
Supper. There were six people baptized, 
two of whom were over fifty years of age. 
The husband was fifty-six and the wife 
forty-six. They seemed as happy as could 
be. Thirty-six surrounded the table at the 
love feast. 

Contributions From Africa 

The Garkida church in Africa contributed 

fourteen pounds, sixteen shillings, and one 
offering this year. Included in this con- 
pence (about $71.95) toward the Conference 
tribution is a gift from the missionaries and 
others at the Gardemna Station. The Chris- 
tian boys seemed eager to add their bit. 
This is probably the first time that a con- 
tribution from any of the African people 
has come back to the United States. 

Chinese Nurse Serves as Doctor 

The Chinese doctor who is located at the 
Show Yang station was recently called to 
Ping Ting to help take part in some very 
important business being transacted for the 
mission. As there was no other doctor at 
Show Yang to take charge while he was 
gone, his wife, who is a trained nurse, took 
care of his patients. She has four small 
children in her own home, but still was able 
to take care of the doctor's work. 

Information for Missionary Program 

A church worker in Ohio writes that her 
class is going to put on a foreign mission 
program, make a service flag and a book 
about missionaries. This book is to include 
the pictures of missionaries, and she is or- 
dering from the General Mission Board for 
5 cents the sheet of 99 missionaries, which 
is available at this time. 

This church worker also asked other 
questions which were answered, as follows : 

1. Where will we find an up-to-date list 
of all missionaries listed according to fields 
and stations, and date of taking up mis- 
sionary work? Answer: On the inside back 
cover of the Missionary Visitor. 

2. Where can we find the names of mis- 
sionaries who have died? Answer: In the 
1928 Yearbook, page 30. 

3. Where can we find the total number of 
converts on each field? Answer: 1928 June 
Missionary Visitor, pages 170, 173, and 175. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The annual report from the China field is 
not in this year's June Visitor, but the 
figures from their church membership from 
a year ago show 981. 

4. What book will supply us with good 
missionary readings of various kinds? An- 
swer : Missionary Program Material, pub- 
lished by the Missionary Education Move- 
ment, price $1. Order it from the Brethren 
Publishing House. 

McPherson College Deputation Work 

The students of McPherson College, repre- 
sented in their several organizations, the Y. 
M. C. A, the Y. W. C. A., the World Service 
group, the College Christian Endeavor and 
the faculty, visited fifty-five churches in the 
McPherson territory and traveled about 
seven thousand miles in so doing. All of 
the churches contributed offerings, and the 
excess above expenses amounted to $58.79 for 
the past school year. 


The following report shows the enroll- 
ments for the 1928 Missionary Projects by 
the children and young people since May 11 
to June 9. Up to date we have 3,213 children 
and 1,548 young people enrolled. Leaflets 
will be sent free explaining the projects by 
the General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. 

Congregation J. C. L. B. Y. P. D. 


Irricana 26 

Idaho and Western Montana 

Nampa 36 

Southern Illinois 

Okaw 14 

Woodland 14 

Middle Indiana 

Salamonie 25 

Wabash Country 8 

Southern Indiana 

Four Mile 25 

Middle Iowa 
Iowa River 16 

Southern Iowa 

English River 20 

South Keokuk 13 

Northeastern Kansas 

Buckeye 12 

Morrill 32 

Washington Creek 18 

Southwestern Kansas 

Monitor 20 

New Haven 12 

Bethel 40 16 

Southern Ohio 

Donnels Creek 26 

West Milton 40 30 

Eastern Pennsylvania 

Shamokin 25 

Spring Creek 19 

Middle Pennsylvania 

Hollidaysburg 37 

New Enterprise 60 90 

Western Pennsylvania 

Ligonier 35 

Penn Run 20 

Red Bank 16 

Texas and Louisiana 
Fort Worth 35 

Eastern Virginia 

Cannon Branch 19 

Northern Virginia 

Linville Creek ... 20 


Forest Center 22 2 

Sunnyside 29 


(Continued from Page 230) 

Elizabethtown, Eastern Pennsylvania ....464 5.91 

La Motte Prairie, Southern Illinois 25 5.90 

Franklin Grove, Northern 111. & Wis. ...247 5.88 

Hatfield, Eastern Pennsylvania 180 5.87 

Manchester, Middle Indiana 916 5.84 

Covina, Southern California 147 5.82 

Richland, Eastern Pennsylvania 194 5.75 

Shepherd, Michigan 58 5.71 

Bagley, Middle Iowa 19 5.70 

Panther Creek, Middle Iowa 192 5.63 

Hartville, Northeastern Ohio 233 5.62 

Wakarusa, Northern Indiana 81 5.54 

Patterson, Northern California 16 5.54 

Carlisle, Southern Pennsylvania 75 5.44* 

Lower Stillwater, Southern Ohio 91 5.39 

Fraternity, Southern Virginia 85 5.38 

English River, Southern Iowa 163 5.37 

Lick Creek, Northwestern Ohio 115 5.32 

Lebanon, Second Virginia 141 5.31 

Bear Creek, Southern Ohio 212 5.25 

La Verne, Southern California 646 5.24 

Pleasant View, Northwestern Ohio 229 5.15 

Donnels Creek, Southern Ohio 97 5.05 

Chiques, Eastern Pennsylvania 270 5.03 

*This average exceeded $5.00 only through the known 
extra large contributions of one or more individuals. 

Keep the Heart Warm to Need 
Enclosed find $30 for world-wide missions. 
I have seen in the Messenger that through 
lack of funds the missionaries cannot return 
to foreign countries. Yes, indeed, this makes 
us feel very sad. We are poor financially, 
but try to send our bit. Tithing surely does 

A Sister in Pennsylvania. 

God wants the man who is Big enough to 
be Small enough to be used. " Go work 
today in my vineyard.'* 


The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 

An Indian Medical Play 

A play presenting medical work in the India Mis- 
sion. The children of the Brotherhood, Junior Church 
Leaguers, are furnishing the medical funds to be 
used in 1928. Every church is invited to enlist its 
children's groups in this project. 

5 : 45 Monday morning. — Miss Saheb in 
bed, hears coughing in front of bungalow. 
Peeping out, sees twenty or more people 
seating themselves in semicircle at the front 
steps. Nearly all have bandages on their 

6:00 o'clock. — Miss Saheb appears on the 
scene, saying salaam to all. A basin of lysol 
solution and a garbage-basket are brought 
out. One by one old bandages are taken off 
and a wad of cotton soaked in lysol-solution 
put on the ulcers. After all are cared for 
thus, a box of bandages, a can of sulphur- 
ointment and a bottle of mixed iodoform and 
boric-acid powders are brought out; and be- 
ginning again at the end, each one in turn 
is cared for. 

First Patient. — (Looking approvingly at 
his ankle) My foot is much better this 
morning, isn't it? The hole isn't so deep. 

Miss Saheb.— Indeed it is better. It took 
a long time to clean it, but now it is healing. 
If you come regularly it will be well in a 
few days. Turn your foot a bit, so I can 
sprinkle this yellow powder right into that 
hole. (Binds on bandage and passes to next 

Miss Saheb. — (To second patient) This 
foot looks ugly yet. Why didn't you come 
Saturday morning? You should come every 
time I tell you to come. 

Second Patient. — I had to cut stubble in 
the field and couldn't come. 

Miss Saheb. — Come every time. Remem- 
ber, the more you come the quicker it will 

Miss Sahib and the Morning Clinic 

Miss Saheb. — (Coming to a large girl lying 
in the circle, a bit to one side) Who is this? 

Fourth Patient. — She is my brother's 
daughter. I brought her with me. 

Miss Saheb. — (Lifting off lysol-soaked 
cotton) This is an awful leg — almost from 
the toes to the knee ! (While cleaning the 
raw surface, the girl groans in pain. A pea- 
cock-feather is tied around the ankle, and 
this filthy thing is fastened into the sore. 
This feather is cut loose, and more wet 
cotton is put on the leg. While this is soak- 
ing the dirt loose, the Miss Saheb passes 
on to Patient No. 4.) 

Fourth Patient. — (A man who has been 
coming for one week) (Pointing to No. 3) 
She is from Teechakpura. She's been sick 
for six months. She can't walk. Her family 
called the bhagat [pow-wow doctor], and he 
did all sorts of things to cure her, but she is 
only getting worse. After I saw that my 
foot was getting better, I hitched up the cart 
and went to bring her. She's staying at my 
house now,, and I'll bring her every time. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Miss Saheb. — I'm glad you brought her. 
We'll do all we can to clean up that leg, but 
really you should take her to the govern- 
ment doctor. That is a doctor's job and I 
am no doctor. 

Fourth Patient.— No, I'll not take her to 
that doctor. She's in your hands. 

Miss Saheb.— (To boys Nos. 5 and 6) You 
two boys have been coming faithfully for 
four weeks, haven't you? That is fine! and 
just see how nearly well your feet are! 
Chagan, this foot looks different from what 
it did when you came the first time, don't 
it? Do you remember how on the second 
morning, when I cut away the dead flesh, 
you lay down and cried ! and now look, that 
deep hole is gone and it looks dry and 
smooth. I'll put some more powder on to- 
day and you come back on Wednesday, and 
then maybe I can discharge you. Govind, 
your ankle is doing fine, too, but you will 
have to keep on coming awhile longer. 

Seventh Patient. — (The old grandfather, 
we called " Doso ") You will give me leave 
today, won't you? My leg is well. (Point- 
ing to the healed spot, after the soaked 
cotton was removed.) 

Miss Saheb. — (Examining carefully) Yes, 
Doso, I believe your leg is well. You have 
come faithfully for five weeks, and it ought 
to be well, hadn't it? I'll sprinkle a little 
powder on it and tie it up. And here are 
two bandages for you to take along home. 
You should keep your leg tied up for a week 
or more yet, so it stays clean. I'll give you 
leave today. You have been faithful, Sha- 
bash Doso ! (Well done, grandfather.) 

(The grandfather hands over two annas 
to the Miss Saheb, about .4 cents.) In 
the meanwhile a cart stops at the gate and 
a man and woman lead in an old grand- 
mother and seat her outside the circle. (The 
old woman groans.) 

(The Miss Saheb continues on around the 
circle, binding on iodoform and boric-acid 
powder, until she reaches No. 12.) 

Miss Saheb. — My little girl, how do you 
feel this morning? You are more acquainted 
with me now, aren't you? And I'll not hurt 
you so much any more. See ! your leg is 
getting clean and those ugly yellow spots 
look red now. Just see how that sulphur- 
salve has cleaned your leg! Now, this 
morning I'll put on this sparkling yellow 

powder. If you come faithfully your leg 
will heal nicely. Be sure to come on 

Miss Saheb. — (Turning to a mother with 
a babe in her arms. Babe is covered with 
itch) How is this baby's head this morn- 
ing? (Removes a cap made from an old 
sheet.) Fine ! this salve is cleaning off that 
horrid red-paint and cow-dung which you 
had smeared on your baby's head. Yes, yes, 
the baby will have to cry ! It does hurt, 
I know, but I must wash his head with this 
solution. . . . There ! finished ! Now, 
here is another cap filled with sulphur-salve. 
I'll tie it on, and you must bring the baby 
back on Wednesday morning, without fail. 
Oh, yes ! I almost forgot his arms and legs. 
They must be tied up too. Sister, you must 
learn to keep the baby and yourself clean. 
If you kept your clothes and your body 
clean you wouldn't be covered with itch like 
this. See ! you have itch all over your 
hands ! It's no wonder that your baby gets 
it. (Miss Saheb ties up the mother's hands.) 

Miss Saheb. — (Beginning on No. 14, a 
woman with a terrible foot. The sole seems 
loosened from the bone) Well, Radti's 
mother, what is this foot doing? Looks 
about like it did, don't it? (By clipping off 
dead crusts and scales, and pressing at vari- 
ous angles, almost a half pint of pus pours 
out of the honey-combed sole of the foot. 
The Miss Saheb has serious doubts whether 
she can ever help that foot, but says) — Well, 
Radti's mother, we'll bind on a lot more of 
this salve this morning and see what hap- 
pens. Maybe it will get clean after awhile. 
(The woman hobbles off.) 

Six or eight other ankles are tied up 
and one little boy's ear (covered with itch) 
cleaned and covered with salve. Then the 
Miss Saheb returns to the girl lying on the 
ground and spends fifteen minutes trying to 
clean out proud-flesh and open sacks of 
pus. Then a yard of bandage, smeared with 
sulphur ointment, is bound around the leg. 
When this is done, eight men and two 
women arise and go to the cart in the road. 
Two men help the girl into the cart. Three 
people remain in the yard — the old grand- 
mother and her attendants. 

Miss Saheb. — (To the group) From what 
village do you come? 

Man. — From Champavada. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Miss Saheb. — How far is that from here? 

Man. — About four miles. 

Miss Saheb.— Alas ! Dosi mother, you have 
one of those horrid tropical ulcers on your 
ankle too, don't you? How long have you 
had it? 

Man.— Her leg has been sore for two 

Miss Saheb.— Why didn't you come for 
medicine right away? 

Man. — We have been doing medicine, but 
it won't heal. 

Miss Saheb.— All right, we will clean up 
this foot and then it will have a chance to 
get well. (Miss Saheb puts on cotton soaked 
in lysol-solution. Lets this soak for fifteen 
minutes while she enters the bungalow and 
eats her breakfast — it being nearly eight 

Miss Saheb.— (To the group) I'll bind on 
a lot of salve this time (ties on a long 
bandage covered with sulphur-ointment) and 
you must bring Dosi back on Wednesday. 
Remember now ! bring her back on Wednes- 

Man. — Yes, we'll come back in two days 
(counting off on his fingers) and I'll bring 
my daughter and her children along. A 
lot of folks in my village have these sores 
on their legs this year. 

Miss Saheb. — (Clearing up after all are 
gone) Why won't these folks go to the 
Government doctor 1 That old uncle this 
morning just clicked his teeth and said no, 
when I told him I couldn't help that girl 
with the peacock feather tied around her 
ankle, but told him to take her to the doctor 
in the bazaar. So I just had to do the best 
I could. My, if I was an M. D. wouldn't I 
have a PRACTICE!! Surely the Lord does 
bless our feeble, unscientific efforts, and I'm 
glad the people know that we love them 
and want to help them. 

Vyara, via Surat. Anetta C. Mow. 

Haxtun, Colorado, Junior Mission Study 

The Haxtun Juniors recently gave the 
play. " What My Church Has a Right to 
Expect of Me." It was rendered in a 
splendid way and gave a message to the 
church. This play followed a three months' 
study of the book, " Our Japanese Friends." 


The Juniors will recall the faces of Lewis 
Benton and Julia Ann Flohr, which bright- 
ened page 200 last month. Now we have 
a little story from Julia Ann, and we will all 
get our heads together and read it. Don't 
you think she must be a busy little girl? 
She says her mother is teaching her, and 
this story is one of her language exercises. 
American youngsters may find some sugges- 
tive, hints in it, when they scratch their 
heads and wonder, " What shall I write 

Gardemna, via Jos and Damaturu, 
Nigeria, W. Africa, 
March 18, 1927. 
Dear Junior Friends : 

We are just back from church; it is ten 
o'clock now. We go to church at nine. One 
of the native boys preached; his name is 
Hyelandika. He preached about NIKODI- 
MU. I think there were about 175 people 
at church today. One woman brought her 
little tiny baby to church, tied on her back. 
Its name is Musa. Some of the people put 
money into the collection box. These are 
the songs we sang: Pazhi Jakta (There's 
Not a Friend Like the Lowly Jesus), Gan 
Hyel Arna (You Are My God), Pazhi na 
wala (The Great Physician), Hu ni, hu ni 
(Praise Him, Praise Him). Daddy led in 
prayer and we closed with Ka mbru vunkir 
sili aka Hyel (Praise God From Whom All 
Blessings Flow). Lewis Benton and I 
don't know some of these in English. Mama 
told us just now what they are. We sing 
in Bura always. We have learned to under- 
stand and speak Bura and we enjoy it. 

Every Market Day I count out the money 
for our boys to buy things for us. Market 
Day is on Saturday. We can get yams, 
meat, eggs, chickens, native potatoes, bas- 
kets, guinea corn, small mats or rugs made 
of the palm fronds, and native salt at the 

Last week I started teaching a few of the 
beginners in school for mother. Here are 
some of the sentences : Today is Market 
Day. At eight o'clock we boys stop work 
and go to market. We take our money, 
two pence, three pence or six pence. If we 
see peanuts or " livar " we buy. Meat and 
milk are very good to us. We see our 
friends at market because lots of people 
come there. 

Mother, Lewis Benton and I went to the 
village to visit one day. We saw a lot of 
little goats, some tiny ones. We have a 
mama goat and a babj r goat. They are our 
pets. We have another pet — a grey horse, 
named " Puru." Native horses are not much 
larger than ponies. Our aunt gave us $12 
to buy a donkey with, but we thought we 
liked a horse better. 


The Missionary Visitor 


We went to the compound of one of 
daddy's friends one day. His little girl had 
a livar " tied on her back for her doll. 
Livar is the sprout of the palm tree, it is 
white and is about six inches long. She 
gave me a " livar " doll but when I got 
home I lost it (maybe one of our boys ate 
it; livar is a good native food). Then I 
bought eight more for one cent ; I kept two, 
one for Lewis Benton and one for myself, 
and gave the rest to our boys. 

The Buras eat a corn mush of guinea-corn 
ground fine ; it is made very stiff and they 
form it into balls. They eat it with cooked 
greens, meat, beans, peanuts and okra boiled 
together, chicken or tender green leaves of 
trees. They never have more than one of 
these at one time but they always have the 
mush, it is their bread. They seldom have 
anything left over but if they do they eat 
it the next meal, they call it maichikul. 
They eat only two meals a day usually, at 
9:30 A. M. and at 6 P. M. If they have 
milk, or rather buttermilk, they will mix 
that with guinea-corn flour and eat it at 
noon. Other foods are pumpkin, cucumbers, 
native potatoes, and yams which they grow 
during the rainy season. They also eat the 
native figs, and a lot of seeds from trees 
and fruits too. 

The men sleep on cornstock cots. The 
women and children sleep on palm-frond 
mats. The baby is carried on the mother's 
or sister's back. I carry my doll on my 

Now listen to a conversation with some of 
my Bura friends : 

Julia Ann : Usi Jenaba, gir ta daha ashina 

Good morning, Jenaba, are you going to 
design gourds today? 

Jenaba : Ii, yer ta daha ashina, dingya 
daha adi aka alaga ya? 

Yes, do you have a designing knife? 

Julia Ann: Awa, adi aka li wa. 

No. I do not. 

Mwala Hawa : Dingya adi abilezi ta dila. 

A designing knife can be bought out there. 

Julia Ann: Mamasari? 

What is the price? 

Mwala Hawa : Kobo suda. 

Two pence. 

Julia Ann Flohr. 


Dear Aunt Adalyn: We are having some pretty 
weather. As one of the girls wrote, things don't 
always go right for me, but we should smile, and 
things will go better. We have started a Sunday- 
school here and they have put me in as card (or 
primary) teacher. I will do the best I can. I joined 
the church and I will be baptized in this month 
(May). I have read many stories about the mis- 
sionaries, andhope some day I can be a missionary 
too. Father is the pastor of this church. I have 
four brothers and one sister. I am the oldest. We 
haven't sent in any money for our " black brothers," 
but hope we can soon. I am sure the children would 
just love to earn money to send for the children 
that can't help themselves. I have some flowers 

blooming in the yard, including roses. I like roses 
best of all. 
Ewing, Va.- Readith M. Sutton. 

They are putting responsibilities on you early, but 
I know you will do the very best you can. It will 
be a good introduction to your prospective training 
" as a missionary. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn and Juniors: Although I can 
hardly be called a Junior any longer, I still like to 
read the Juniors' letters, and want to be in your 
pleasant circle again. It has been several years 
since I have written, so I suppose I am a stranger to 
most of you. I am now fifteen years old. I am a 
sophomore in Weyers Cave high school, of which my 
father is principal. He is also a minister. Weyers 
Cave is in the Shenandoah Valley. It is also near 
the beautiful Grand Caverns. The B. Y. P. D. at 
the Pleasant Valley church to which I go is not 
very active, but I hope that it will do better now 
that summer is almost here. I like to attend the 
meetings and try to do my part when asked to 
help. I am very much interested in athletics and 
like to play basketball, girls' baseball and tennis, 
although I am not very efficient in any of them. 
I have written to quite a few of the Juniors and like 
to hear from them. I would be glad to hear from 
some of you Juniors or young people. 

Weyers Cave, Va. Lois Sanger. 

The age line is not very carefully drawn around 
our circle, so you may draw up your chair and 
" be free." 


1. Remove the last letter of a kind of dried fuel, 
and leave a garden vegetable. (Example: Peat- 

2. Curtail the angry voice of a dog, and leave to 
become larger. 

3. Curtail an old-fashioned vehicle, and leave a male 

4. Curtail the backbone, and leave to twist into 

5. Curtail vision, and leave a long breath. 

6. Curtail purchased, and leave a branch of a tree. 

7. Curtail to crush in a mill, and leave a broad smile. 

8. Curtail a map, and leave to scorch wood. 

American Rivers Dammed Up 

1. Do shun. S. U I so rims. 

2. Wear deal. 6. Coal door. 

3. And crumble. 7. Sara sank. 

4. A. B. Shaw. 8. I maul cob. 

Answers next month 
Missing Words.— 1. Ball— bawl. 2. Ceiling— sealing. 
3. Coat— cote. 4. Rower— roar. 5. Guessed— guest. 6. 
Dyer— dire. 7. Blew— blue. 8. Bough— bow. 

Metamorphoses.— 1. Star— rats. 2. Mush- hums. 3. 
Shad— dash. 4. Pare— reap. 5. Shaw— laws. 6. Hops 
—shop. 7. Sink— skin. 8. Sore— rose. 

China Missionaries Locate Hidden Cave 

Reports had been circulated at the Show 
Yang station that there was a hidden cave 
in one of the missionaries' yards. By some 
it was supposed to have been used during 
the Boxer times in 1900, and others thought 
it was used to keep medicines in years ago 
when the English people did work at this 
place. To satisfy their own curiosity and 
that of others, the missionaries set out to 
see if they could locate such a cave. They 
succeeded in their search. It is not a very 
large place, but can be well used in case of 
need for such a hiding place in the future. 

Jgjj The Missionary Visitor 223 



The Record 
of Giving 

of the Church of the Brethren 

For the Yea f Ended February 29, 1 928 

Statistics Arranged by 

Congregations and Church Districts 

C <eneral Statistics 


Compiled by the 


Church of the Brethren 
Elgin, Illinois 



The Missionary Visitor 


Giving of Individual 

Name of Congregation 

1. Florida & Georgia 

Arcadia $ 19.25 

Brooksville 21.54 


Clay County -. 46.00 

Lakeland 17.18 

Orlando 23.00 

Sebring 526.14 

Seneca 97.86 


Zion 66.40 

Unallocated 94.50 

2. North & South Carolina 


Brummett Creek 

Flat Rock 27.76 


Green River Cove 

Little Pine 1.99 

Melvin Hill 54.06 

Mill Creek 13.85 

Mt. Carmel 15.51 

Mountain View 

New Bethel 

New Haven 17.65 

Peak Creek 11.01 

Peterson Chapel 

Pigeon River 

Pleasant Grove 7.50 

Pleasant Valley 8.20 

Rowland Creek 

Spindale 6.00 

Unallocated 44.00 

3. Tennessee 

Bailey Grove : 100.00 

Beaver Creek 18.60 


Cedar Creek 

Cedar Grove 20.00 

Central Point 


Ewing 2.25 

French Broad 56.45 

Fruitdale 88.00 


Jackson Park Memorial 40.95 

Johnson City 83.71 

Knob Creek 178.61 

Liberty 18.80 

Limestone 89.79 

Lone Star ... 

Meadow Branch 48.35 


Mountain Valley 124.60 

New Hope 64.36 

Oneonta 13.85 

Piney Flats 

Pleasant Hill 56.45 

Pleasant Mount 

Pleasant Valley 

Pleasant View 

Sweetwater Valley 39.80 

Walnut Grove 13.04 

White Horn 3.25 

Wolf Creek 

Unallocated 54.90 

4. Southern Virginia 

Antioch . 403.50 

Beaver Creek 89 

Bethlehem 338.02 

Brick 251.55 

Burks Fork 34.66 

Christiansburg 44.15 

Coulson 4.00 

Fraternity 456.90 

Laurel Branch 50.14 

Maple Grove 

Mt. Hermon 15.30 

Mt. Jackson 

Pleasant Hill 1.55 

Pleasant Valley 46.67 

Pulaski City 8.00 

Red Oak Grove 51.00 

Schoolfield 15.71 

Shelton 13.68 

Smith River 10.47 

Snow Creek 41.07 

Spray 20.57 

St. Paul 

Texas Chapel 

Topeco 138.06 

Walkers Well 

White Rock .40 

Unallocated 264.04 

5. First Virginia 

Antioch 93.96 


Cloverdale 956.69 

Copper Hill 53.46 

Crab Orchard 9.25 

Daleville 426.78 

Greenbriar 7.00 

Green Hill 134.77 

Hopewell 8.30 

Jeters Chapel 

Johnsville 22.16 

Kanawha Valley 

Lynchburg 80.24 


Mt. Joy 36.70 

Oak Grove 143.69 


Otter River 1.12 

Peters Creek 447.46 

Pleasant View 177.20 

Poages Mill 86.68 

Roanoke, Central 160.23 

Roanoke, First 842.14 

Roanoke, Ninth St 119.00 

Saunders Grove 

Selma 35.00 

Smith Chapel 22.00 

Terrace View 30.13 

Tinker Creek 26.20 

Troutville 477.88 

Unallocated 352.61 

6. Eastern Virginia 

Belmont 60.30 


Central Plains 

Fairfax 229.86 

Hollywood 26.42 

Locust Grove 8.00 

Madison 20.00 

Manassas 235.81 

Midland 140.04 

Mine Run 


Mt. Carmel 173.90 

Nokesville 241.50 

Oronoco 21.25 


Richmond 5.25 

Trevilian 14.18 

Valley 196.10 

Unallocated 154.92 

7. Second Virginia 

Barren Ridge 769.92 

Beaver Creek 255.61 

Bridgewater 2,143.68 

Buena Vista 4.00 

Chimney Run : 33.13 

Concord 2.75 

Crummits Run 

Elk Run 353.26 


Lebanon 749.41 

Middle River 1,135.49 

Moscow 99.88 

Mt. Vernon 38.00 

North Fork 8.00 

Pleasant Valley 999.32 

Sangerville 588.43 

Staunton 44.00 

Summit 671.17 


The Missionary Visitor 


Valley Bethel 49.28 

Waynesboro 39.00 

White Hill 8.00 

Unallocated 41.50 

8. Northern Virginia 

Brocks Gap 51.50 

Cedar Grove 

Cooks Creek 703.78 

Damascus 11.02 

Flat Rock 672.55 

Greenmount 935.63 

Harrisonburg 149.65 

Linville Creek 734.60 

Lower Lost River 3.41 

Mill Creek 1,572.94 

Moorefield 11.37 

Mt. Zion 121.33 

No. Mill Creek 45.26 

Pleasant View 51.62 

Powells Fort 8.56 

Riley ville 64.60 

Salem 121.13 

Smiths Creek 42.21 

South Fork 28.92 

Timberville 1,079.36 

Unity 649.59 

Upper Lost River 61.32 

Woodstock 157.20 

Unallocated 185.64 

9. First West Virginia 

Allegheny 34.25 

Bean Settlement 50.12 

Beaver Run 128.70 


Capon Chapel 61.23 

Cheat River 9.50 

Eglon 730.97 

Greenland 96.87 

Harman 166.48 

Keyser 69.56 

Knobley 139.85 

Lead Mine 

New Creek 46.00 

North Fork 14.02 

Old Furnace 106.55 

Red Creek 42.75 

Sandy Creek 1,086.52 

Seneca 44.60 

Tearcoat 227.13 

White Pine 139.59 

Unallocated 52.50 

10. Second West Virginia 

Beans Chapel 14.00 

Bethany 90.00 

Goshen 24.00 

Mt. Hebron 2.00 

Mt. Zion 5.00 

Pleasant Hill 5.00 

Pleasant Valley 45.00 

Shiloh 24.00 

Union Chapel 16.00 

Valley River 107.12 

Unallocated 74.25 

11. Eastern Maryland 

Baltimore, First 427.82 

Baltimore, Woodberry 671.49 

Beaver Dam 79.36 

Bethany 449.46 

Bush Creek 295.03 

Denton 360.45 

Frederick City 335.38 

Green Hill 95.94 

Locust Grove 46.71 

Long Green Valley 255.95 

Meadow Branch 2,060.91 

Middletown Valley 740.83 

Monocacy 116.00 


Piney Creek 73.81 

Pipe Creek 1,898.78 

Reisterstown 24.88 

Sams Creek 188.31 

Thurmont 65.48 

Washington City 853.00 

Unallocated 155.55 

12. Middle Maryland 

Beaver Creek 216.15 

Berkeley 60.45 

Broadfording 405.03 

Brownsville 498.39 

Hagerstown 2,579.66 

Johnsontown 12.50 

Licking Creek 22.00 

Long Meadow 354.69 

Manor 314.54 

Pleasant View 1,209.68 

Welsh Run 245.59 

Unallocated 138.76 

13. Western Maryland 

Bear Creek 323.65 

Cherry Grove 255.06 

Fairview 70.81 

Georges Creek 69.46 

Maple Grove 21.43 

Oak Grove 18.37 

Pine Grove 2.00 

Westernport 14..83 

Unallocated 26.50 

14. S. E. Pa., N. J. & N. Y. 

Ambler 259.38 

Amwell 10.00 

Brooklyn, First 86.50 

Brooklyn, Italian Mission 28.41 

Coventry 1,011.80 

Green Tree 1,185.00 

Harmony ville 216.71 

Norristown 261.75 

Parkerford 663.93 

Philadelphia (Bethany) 310.00 

Philadelphia (Calvary) 305.36 

Philadelphia (First) 1,246.50 

Philadelphia (Geiger Mem.) 199.00 

Philadelphia (Germantown) 1,521.40 

Pottstown 21.00 

Royersford 986.06 

Springfield 368.87 

Wilmington 103.04 

Unallocated 265.00 

15. Middle Pennsylvania 

Albright 252.40 

Altoona, First 1,082.76 

Altoona, 28th St 445.09 

Ardenheim 227.17 

Artemas 38.27 

Aughwick 228.57 

Bellwood 97.72 

Burnham 111.63 

Carson Valley 198.35 

Cherry Lane 54.71 

Claysburg Mission 

Clover Creek 269.66 

Dry Valley 246.30 

Dunnings Creek 153.00 

Everett 639.883 

Fairview 175.02 

Hollidaysburg 103.42 

Huntingdon 2,175.00 

James Creek 83.62 

Juniata Park 102.50 

Koontz 79.57 

Leamersville 20.38 

Lewistown 2,333.49 

Lower Claar 20.00 

New Enterprise 1,133.96 

Queen 5.00 

Raven Run 27.65 

Riddlesburg 7.07 

Roaring Spring 322.72 

Smithfield 31.49 

Snakespring 407.54 

Spring Run 1,046.87 

Stonerstown 49.84 

Tyrone 245.65 

Upper Claar 14.80 

Warriors Mark 95.21 

Williamsburg 426.67 

Woodbury 534.02 

Yellow Creek 147.75 

Unallocated 165.39 


The Missionary Visitor 


16. Western Pennsylvania 

Bear Run 

Berlin 114.92 

Bolivar 26.05 

Brothers Valley 142.50 

Chess Creek 5.00 

Conemaugh 84.65 

Connellsville 117.42 

Cumberland 21.97 


Elk Lick 5.00 

Geiger - 246.28 

Georges Creek (Uniontown House) 230.48 

Georges Creek (Fairview House) 48.19 

Glade Run 126.95 

Greensburg 340.50 

Greenville 15.91 

Hooversville 63.33 


Indian Creek 37.32 

Johnstown 1,981.47 

Ligonier 193.60 

Locust Grvoe 123.83 

Manor 219.35 

Maple Glen 111.19 

Markleysburg 6.00 

Meyersdale 514.59 

Middle Creek 157.81 

Montgomery 48.41 

Morrellville 10.63 

Mt. Joy 689.01 

Mt. Pleasant 48.00 

Mt. Union 50.00 

Moxham 164.10 

Nanty Glo 29.60 

Penn Run 129.60 

Pittsburgh 436.00 

Pleasant Hill 193.39 

Plum Creek 492.27 

Quemahoning 887.38 

Red Bank 184.64 

Rockton 104.14 

Rockwood 103.15 

Roxbury 822.41 

Rummel 669.46 

Scalp Level 1,499.95 

Shade Creek 291.91 

Sipesville 76.30 

Somerset 85.10 

Summit Mills 43.30 

Ten Mile 28.74 

Trout Run 

Westmont 229.13 

Windber 358.48 


Unallocated 553.72 

17. Eastern Pennsylvania 

Akron 209.85 

Annville 697.65 

Chiques 1,359.46 

Conestoga 1,001.88 

Conewago 203.00 

East Petersburg 856.91 

Elizabethtown 2,741.70 

East Fairview 592.90 

Ephrata 1,800.57 

Fredericksburg 315.15 

Harrisburg 635.86 

Hatfield 1,056.44 

Heidelberg 450.34 

Indian Creek 1,659.21 

Lake Ridge 131.87 

Lancaster 879.11 

Lititz 547.31 

Maiden Creek 529.16 

Mechanic Grove 406.18 

Midway 694.19 

Mingo 901.63 

Mountville 475.41 

Myerstown 364.07 

Palmyra 2,602.92 

Peach Blossom 413.64 

Reading 231.52 

Richland 1,116.40 

Ridgely 318.62 

Schuylkill 50.23 

Shamokin 70.45 

Spring Creek 1,198.20 

Spring Grove 185.67 

Springville 379.40 

Swatara, Big 766.29 

Swatara, Little 481.44 

West Conestoga 360.87 

West Greentree 626.29 

White Oak 1,323.28 

Unallocated 280.78 

18. Southern Pennsylvania 

Antietam 223.93 

Back Creek 265.60 

Buffalo 67.85 

Carlisle 407.78 

Chambersburg 83.08 

Codorus 449.37 

Falling Spring 160.37 

Hanover 293.84 

Huntsdale 304.96 

Lost Creek 294.30 

Lower Conewago 54.33 

Lower Cumberland 84.94 

Marsh Creek 171.13 

Mechanicsburg 425.22 

Mount Olivet 155.61 

New Fairview 342.09 

Newville 90.19 

Perry 126.16 

Pleasant Hill 167.60 

Ridge 59.23 

Shippensburg 205.00 

Sugar Valley 116.94 

Upper Codorus 469.55 

Upper Conewago 1,059.46 

Waynesboro 7,013.01 

York, First 958.63 

York, Second 

Unallocated 272.95 

19. Northeastern Ohio 

Akron 702.38 

Alliance 43.07 

Ashland City 296.73 

Ashland Dickey 470.95 

Baltic 226.88 

Bethel 95.31 

Black River 546.14 

Bristolville 3.00 

Canton City 202.76 

Center 267.87 

Chippewa 290.36 

Cleveland 164.50 

Danville 540.52 

East Chippewa 556.80 

East Nimishillen 446.53 

Freeburg 1,233.70 

Goshen 143.34 

Hartville 1,310.27 

Kent 97.53 

Loudonville 10.00 

Maple Grove 453.38 

Mohican 121.65 

Mt. Zion 20.00 

New Philadelphia 72.29 

Olivet 947.39 

Owl Creek 446.66 

Reading 144.53 

Richland 128.17 

Springfield 253.10 

Tuscarawas 23.00 

West Nimishillen 137.62 

Woodworth 128.96 

Wooster 438.56 

Zion Hill 215.34 

Unallocated 24.44 

20. Northwestern Ohio 

Bellefontaine 92.58 

Black Swamp , 252.61 

County Line 176.64 

Defiance 174.57 

Deshler 71.09 

Dupont 138.27 

Eagle Creek 441.84 

Eden 77.90 

Fairview 78.20 

Fostoria 323.08 

Grenespring 352.73 

Hicksville 9.00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Lick Creek 611.55 

Lima 429.45 

Logan 510.20 

Marion 163.99 

Pleasant View 1,177.26 

Poplar Ridge 418.47 

Portage 38.83 

Rome 119.10 

Ross 65.00 

Sand Ridge 52.55 

Silver Creek 241.64 

Sugar Creek 121.87 

Sugar Ridge 19.00 

Swan Creek 99.25 

Toledo 169.63 

West Fulton 1.00 

Unallocated 3.00 

21. Southern Ohio 

Ash Grove 

Bear Creek 1,113.12 

Beaver Creek 138.04 

Beech Grove 235.40 

Bradford 59.05 

Brookville 436.14 

Cassel Run 

Castine 240.17 


Cincinnati 95.14 

Circleville 3.50 

Constance 28.00 

Covington 655.00 

Donnels Creek 489.95 

East Dayton 324.71 

Eversole 138.00 

Ft. McKinley 687.83 

Georgetown 165.42 

Greenville 344.05 

Hamilton 6.42 

Harris Creek 622.32 


Lower Miami 415.34 

Lower Stillwater 490.14 

Marble Furnace 25.54 

May Hill 

Middle District 237.68 

Middletown 67.71 

New Carlisle 1,140.99 

Oakland 492.46 

Painter Creek 552.25 

Piqua 74.96 

Pitsburg 552.81 

Pleasant Hill 315.87 

Pleasant Valley 21.89 

Poplar Grove 402.68 

Prices Creek 214.20 

Salem 1,494.60 

Sidney 98.82 

Springfield 211.59 

Stone Lick 1.00 

Strait Creek Valley 20.00 

Trotwood 1,106.39 

Troy 21.00 

Union City 228.18 

Upper Twin 135.07 

West Alexandria 117.79 

West Branch 76.58 

West Charlestown 209.86 

West Dayton 475.12 

West Milton 427.13 

White Oak 

Unallocated 1,172.53 

22. Michigan 

Battle Creek 119.45 

Bear Lake 6.01 

Beaverton 236.56 

Crystal 15.37 

Detroit 110.00 

Elmdale 37.10 

Elsie 27.58 

Grand Rapids 107.52 

Harlan 23.02 

Hart 51.30 

Homestead 2.19 

Lake View 88.56 

Long Lake 128.47 

Marilla 7.54 

Midland 38.13 

New Haven .' 42.82 

Onekama 70.79 


Pontiac 20.91 

Rodney 28.84 

Shepherd 341.23 

Sugar Ridge 92.26 

Sunfield 66.40 

Thornapple 91.00 

Vestaburg 6.85 

Woodland 474.13 

Woodland Village 49.41 

Zion 34.17 

Unallocated 104.75 

23. Northern Indiana 

Auburn 108.56 

Baugo 289.44 

Bethany 439.82 

Bethel 173.92 

Blissville 114.75 

Blue River 242.50 

Bremen 372.79 

Buchanan 8.40 

Camp Creek 54.27 

Cedar Creek 92.15 

Cedar Lake 156.85 

Center 181.87 

Elkhart City 795.97 

Elkhart Valley 312.69 

English Prairie 94.22 

Fort Wayne 92.00 

Goshen City 785.05 

LaPorte 203.19 

Maple Grove 193.96 

Middlebury 432.95 

Mt. Pleasant 383.11 

Nappanee 483.35 

New Paris 823.31 

New Salem 130.02 

North Liberty 347.38 

North Winona Lake 315.71 

Oak Grove * 226.80 

Osceola 116.70 

Pine Creek 242.83 

Pleasant Chapel 85.60 

Pleasant Hill 127.00 

Pleasant Valley 393.49 

Pleasant View Chapel 12.00 

Plymouth 382.85 

Rock Run 718.25 

Salem 45.00 

Shipshewana 123.28 

South Bend, First 1,814.76 

South Bend, Second 119.86 

Syracuse 23.00 

Tippecanoe 6.01 


Turkey Creek 143.00 

Union Center '. 573.30 

Wakarusa 449.04 

Walnut 148.26 

Wawaka 108.00 

West Goshen 750.05 

Yellow Creek 307.50 

Unallocated 93.32 

24. Middle Indiana 

Andrews 148.07 

Bachelor Run 306.07 

Beaver Creek 148.97 

Bethel Center 12.09 

Burnetts Creek 55.35 

Cart Creek 170.47 

Clear Creek 580.55 

Delphi 4.00 

Eel River 441.52 

Flora 754.95 

Hartford City 21.66 

Hickory Grove 306.14 

Huntington City 385.35 

Landessville 40.43 


Loon Creek 258.35 

Lower Deer Creek 77.92 

Manchester 5,345.98 

Markle 91.50 

Mexico 1,227.38 

Monticello 327.57 

Ogans Creek 40.53 


The Missionary Visitor 


Peru 182.49 

Pipe Creek 771.32 

Pleasant Dale 284.40 

Pleasant View 269.50 

Plunge Creek Chapel 48.97 

Portland 58.33 

Prairie Creek 21.56 

Roann 83.22 

Salamonie 585.54 

Santa Fe 195.33 


South Whitley 169.31 

Spring Creek , 546.12 

Sugar Creek 35.90 

Upper Deer Creek 7.40 

Wabash 68.80 

Wabash City 78.42 

Walton 112.39 

West Eel River 119.25 

West Manchester 747.22 

West Marion 2.20 

Unallocated 171.68 

25. Southern Indiana 

Anderson 689.53 

Arcadia 78.25 

Beech Grove 36.01 

Bethany 5.00 

Buck Creek 600.46 

Fairview 260.00 

Four Mile 707.69 

Howard 84.00 

Indianapolis 268.87 

Killbuck 45.12 

Kokomo 88.75 

Ladoga 81.86 

Maple Grove 116.04 

Middletown 346.47 

Mississinewa 127.35 

Mt. Pleasant 203.17 

Muncie 216.58 

Nettle Creek 727.27 

New Bethel •. 15.93 

New Hope 2.50 

Pyrmont 310.50 

Richmond 9.10 

Rossville 555.49 

Sampson Hill 8.00 

Summitville 7.48 

Upper Fall Creek 35.26 

White 137.06 

Unallocated 682.20 

26. Western Canada 

Bow Valley 144.55 

Fairview 32.30 

Irricana 1,138.00 

Merrington 63.84 

Redcliff 53.10 

Second Irricana 415.69 


Unallocated 20.00 

27. North Dakota & Eastern Montana 

Berthold 6.00 

Bowden Valley 

Brumbaugh 48.39 

Cando 193.79 

Carrington 45.30 

Egeland 78.09 

Ellison 143.50 

Englevale 25.07 

Grand View 48.88 

James River 8.50 

Kenmare 126.08 

Milk River Valley 

Minot 106.00 

New Rockford 

Pleasant Valley 

Poplar Valley 5.00 



Surrey 88.60 

Turtle Mountain 


Unallocated 51.80 

28. Northern Illinois & Wisconsin 

Ash Ridge 

Batavia 111.20 

Bethel 563.16 


Cherry Grove 416.90 

Chicago 2,689.14 

Chippewa Valley 57.32 

Dixon 73.42 

Elgin 1,086.33 

Franklin Grove 1,452.81 

Freeport 86.21 

Hickory Grove 81.97 

Lanark 714.38 

Lena 185.23 

Maple Grove 36.50 

Milledgeville 363.97 

Mt. Carroll 

Mt. Morris 1,754.55 

Pine Creek 32.35 

Polo : 377.19 

Rice Lake 54.18 

Rock Creek 15.27 

Rockford 62.19 

Shannon 73.97 

Stanley 35.99 

Sterling 205.36 

West Branch 107.17 

White Rapids 87.78 

Worden 11.59 

Yellow Creek 46.92 

Unallocated 260.79 

29. Southern Illinois 

Allison Prairie 103.56 

Astoria 340.63 

Big Creek 67.78 

Blue Ridge 25.00 

Camp Creek 2.00 

Canton , 97.70 

Cerro Gordo 398.54 

Champaign 96.21 

Decatur 104.30 

Girard 634.98 

Hurricane Creek 20.00 


LaMotte Prairie 147.49 

Liberty 67.98 

Loraine 9.00 

Martin Creek 2.00 

Mulberry Grove 5.00 

Oak Grove 29.37 

Oakley 334.09 

Okaw 876.27 

Panther Creek 56.47 

Pleasant Grove 1.00 

Romine 4 33.51 

Springfield 32.58 

Virden 608.53 

Woodland 281.45 

Unallocated ; 53.00 

30. No. Iowa, Minnesota & So. Dakota 

Curlew, 308.99 

Franklin County 113.57 

Greene 174.20 

Guthrie 65.76 

Hancock 57.83 

Ivester 1,405.53 

Kingsley 256.85 

Lewiston 78.85 

Minneapolis > .. 174.13 

Monticello 46.80 


Nemadji 9.85 

Root River 407.21 

Sheldon 259.39 

Slifer 41.75 

South Waterloo 3,613.03 

Spring Creek 91.08 

Willow Creek 125.25 

Winona 9.55 

Worthington 69.92 

Unallocated 175.15 

31. Middle Iowa 

Ankeny 85.56 

Bagley 108.38 

Beaver 122.56 

Brooklyn 60.21 

Cedar 208.98 


The Missionary Visitor 


Cedar Rapids 592.74 

Coon River 136.98 

Dallas Center 1,197.87 

Des Moines, First 117.10 

Des Moines Valley 304.00 

Dry Creek 59.10 


Garrison 57.31 

Indian Creek 2.00 

Iowa River 91.27 

Maxwell 153.13 

Muscatine 78.08 

Panther Creek 1,081.60 

Prairie City 140.27 


32. Southern Iowa 

Council Bluffs 91.17 

English River 875.90 

Fairview 70.00 

Franklin 85.04 

Liberty ville 164.18 

Monroe County 37.51 

Mt. Etna 184.25 

North English 256.99 

Osceola 10.00 

Ottumwa 102.09 

Salem 160.10 

South Keokuk 175.70 

Unallocated 20.00 

33. Nebraska 

Afton 105.25 

Alvo 51.00 

Arcadia 4.00 

Beatrice 68.80 

Bethel 593.21 


Enders 166.22 

Falls City 123.01 


Kearney 194.98 

Lincoln 169.63 

Octavia 259.35 

Omaha 79.53 

Red Cloud 6.80 

Silver Lake 76.53 

South Beatrice 313.68 

South Loup 4.65 

South Red Cloud 

Unallocated 207.00 

34. Northeastern Kansas 

Abilene 213.11 

Appanoose 191.03 

Buckeye 31.36 

Calvary 37.35 

East Maple Grove .50 

Holland 28.80 

Kansas City 63.98 

Lawrence 37.13 

Lone Star 52.76 

McLouth 46.00 

Morrill 1,022.60 

Navarre 110.82 

Olathe 119.77 

Ottawa 237.55 

Overbrook 156.10 

Ozawkie 85.35 

Ramona 109.88 

Richland Center 101.89 

Rock Creek 8.25 

Sabetha 800.84 

Topeka 302.86 

Wade Branch 24.00 

Washington 60.14 

Washington Creek 44.66 

Unallocated 51.62 

35. Northwestern Kansas 

Belleville 102.39 

Burr Oak 18.22 

Maple Grove 104.65 

North Solomon 130.91 

Quinter 402.26 

Victor 83.51 

White Rock 53.57 

Unallocated 52.65 

36. Southeastern Kansas 

Fort Scott 12.50 

Fredonia 76.19 

Galesburg 194.75 

Grenola 10.00 

Hollow 55.85 

Independence 90.15 

Mont Ida 78.77 

Osage 206.48 

Paint Creek 25.72 

Parsons 167.36 

Scott Valley 10.50 

Verdigris 11.50 

Unallocated 39.30 

37. Southwestern Kansas 

Bloom 90.49 

Conway Springs 187.28 

Eden Valley 99.24 

Garden City 110.56 

Hutchinson 160.22 

Larned, Rural 246.27 

McPherson 965.95 

Monitor 1,396.90 

Newton 155.88 

Peabody 56.66 

Pleasant View 100.45 

Prairie View 51.81 

Royer Community 1.55 

Salem 200.97 

Walnut Valley 29.00 

Wichita, First 320.44 

Wichita, West 112.35 

Unallocated 107.40 

38. Eastern Colorado 

Antioch 101.29 


Colorado Springs 548.64 

Denver 117.65 

Haxtun 178.01 

McClave 61.90 

Miami 95.60 

Rocky Ford 500.75 

Sterling 61.91 

Wiley 72.87 

Unallocated 69.96 

39. Western Colorado & Utah 

First Grand Valley 148.89 

Fruita 162.08 

Grand Junction 

Smith Fork 

Unallocated 5.00 

40. Okla., Panhandle Texas & New Mex. 


Bartlesville 46.58 

Bethel 10.00 

Big Creek 221.68 

Clovis 100.20 

Elk City 

Guthrie 14.93 


Monitor 19.00 

Oklahoma City 10.00 

Paradise Prairie 150.00 

Pleasant Home 

Pleasant Plains 5.00 

Prairie Lake 

Red River 

Thomas 265.25 

Washita 377.89 


Unallocated 84.75 

41. Texas & Louisiana 

Fort Worth , 230.81 

Manvel 243.84 

Nocona 94.25 

Roanoke 353.25 

Rosepine 156.34 

San Antonio 

Unallocated 70.28 

42. Northern Missouri 

Honey Creek 32.15 


The Missionary Visitor 


Log Creek 

North Bethel 110.11 

North St. Joseph 32.50 

Pleasant View 50.88 

Rockingham 201.70 

Shelby County 102.37 

Smith Fork 574.98 

South St. Joseph 46.05 

Wakenda 232.63 

Unallocated 11.00 

43. Middle Missouri 

Adrian : 33.56 

Centerview 12.00 

Deepwater 31.00 

Happy Hill 41.37 

Kansas City 111.50 

Mineral Creek 231.09 

Osceola 1.91 

Prairie View 30.50 

South Warrensburg 448.50 

Spring Branch 29.00 

Turkey Creek .' 91.50 

Warrensburg 161.27 

Unallocated 93.91 

44. Southern Missouri & Arkansas 


Broadwater 146.25 

Cabool 131.83 

Carthage 77.45 

Cedar County 

Fairview 81.40 

Jasper 13.60 

Nevada 30.00 

New Hope 13.00 

Oak Grove 9.00 

Peace Valley 17.00 

Pilot Knob 

Shoal Creek 38.25 

Springdale 45.00 

Unallocated 97.00 

45. Merged with 44. 

46. Northern California 

Butte Valley 131.51 

Chico 76.20 

Chowchilla 52.09 


Elk Creek 27.88 

Empire 698.54 

Figarden 64.71 

Fresno 130.26 

Laton 207.88 

Lindsay 771.86 

Live Oak 130.14 

McFarland 355.82 

Modesto 328.38 

Oakland 434.65 

Patterson 88.61 

Raisin 39.00 

Reedley 229.45 

Rio Linda 9.64 

Waterford 126.99 

Unallocated 177.06 

47. Southern California & Arizona 

Covina 855.19 

East San Diego 233.45 

Glendale 322.32 

Glendora 430.58 

Hemet 161.18 

Hermosa Beach 471.26 

Inglewood 199.83 

La Verne 3,386.90 

Long Beach 1,239.71 

Los Angeles (Belvedere) 195.60 

Los Angeles (Calvary) 663.50 

Los Angeles (First) 885.11 

Pasadena 3,005.90 

Phoenix Mission 137.50 

Pomona 244.42 

Santa Ana 151.87 

San Bernardino 149.07 

Unallocated 490.92 

48. Idaho & Western Montana 

Boise Valley 203.18 

Bowmont 50.86 

Clearwater 4.55 

Emmett 118.00 

Fruitland 383.80 

Kalispell 17.00 

Moscow 32.07 

Nampa 289.27 

Nezperce 273.67 

Payette Valley 113.20 

Twin Falls 166.60 

Weiser 71.07 

Winchester 208.11 

Unallocated 118.00 

49. Oregon 

Albany 38.38 

Ashland 136.64 

Bandon 15.00 

Grants Pass 161.50 

Mabel 177.05 

Myrtle Point 79.40 

Newberg 25.68 

Portland 182.13 

Weston 38.25 

Unallocated 44.85 

50. Washington 

Forest Center 28.90 

Greenwood 11.37 

Mt. Hope 61.21 

North Spokane 92.37 

Okanogan Valley 79.95 

Olympia 125.16 

Omak 135.89 

Outlook 108.69 

Richland Valley 32.14 

Seattle 201.01 

Spokane, First 20.14 


Sunnyside 276.80 

Tacoma 104.70 

Wenatchee 8.50 

Wenatchee Valley 813.27 

Whitestone 105.55 

Yakima 393.38 

Unallocated 69.24 

Congregations Giving $5 or More 
Per Member 

Freeburg, Northeastern Ohio 61 $20.22 

Maxwell, Middle Iowa 11 13.92* 

Waynesboro, Southern Pennsylvania 547 12.80* 

Mabel, Oregon 15 11.80 

Cedar, Middle Iowa 18 11.61 

Pasadena, Southern California 265 11.34 

Monitor, Southwestern Kansas 129 10.82* 

Turkey Creek, Middle Missouri 9 10.17 

Middletown, Southern Indiana 36 9.62* 

Sugar Ridge, Northwestern Ohio 2 9.50 

Pleasant View, Middle Maryland .132 9.16 

South Warrensburg, Middle Missouri ... 49 9.15* 

Indian Creek, Eastern Pennsylvania 188 8.83 

First Irricana, Canada 129 8.82* 

Royersford, S. E. Pa., N. J. & N. Y. ...112 8.81 

Mingo, Eastern Pennsylvania 105 8.59 

Palmyra, Eastern Pennsylvania 315 8.26 

Second Irricana, Canada 51 8.15* 

Bloom, Southwestern Kansas 12 7.54 

Paradise Prairie, Okla., P. of T. & N. M. 20 7.50* 

Maiden Creek, Eastern Pennsylvania .... 72 7.35* 

Pipe Creek, Middle Indiana 105 7.35 

Long Beach, Southern California 169 7.34 

Butte Valley, Northern California 18 7.31 

Cedar Rapids, Middle Iowa 83 7.14* 

Meadow Branch, Eastern Maryland 300 6.87 

Dallas Center, Middle Iowa 176 6.81 

So. Waterloo, No. la., Minn. & S. D. ...531 6.80 

Rock Run, Northern Indiana 106 6.78 

Clear Creek, Middle Indiana 91 6.38 

Mechanicsburg, Southern Pennsylvania .. 67 6.35 

Parkerford, S. E. Pa., N. J. & N. Y. ..105 6.32 

Curlew, No. la., Minn. & S. D 49 6.31 

New Paris, Northern Indiana 136 6.05 

First Los Angeles, Southern California ..147 6.02 

Ephrata, Eastern Pennsylvania 300 6.00 

(Continued on Page 218) 


FEBRUARY 29, 1928 

Summary of Giving by Districts, Quotas and Classification of 

Membership as to Giving 


Members Giving per Capita 

Florida and Georgia 

No. & So. Carolina 


Southern Virginia 

First Virginia 

Eastern Virginia 

Second Virginia 

Northern Virginia 

First West Virginia 

Second West Virginia .... 

Eastern Maryland 

Middle Maryland 

Western Maryland 

S. E. Pa., N. J. & N. Y. .. 

Middle Pennsylvania 

Western Pennsylvania ... 
Eastern Pennsylvania .... 
Southern Pennsylvania ... 

Northeastern Ohio 

Northwestern Ohio 

Southern Ohio 


Northern Indiana 

Middle Indiana 

Southern Indiana 

Western Canada 

No. Dakota & E. Montana 
No. Illinois & Wisconsin .. 

Southern Illinois 

No. la., Minn. & S. D. ... 

Middle Iowa 

Southern Iowa 


Northeastern Kansas 

Northwestern Kansas .... 

Southeastern Kansas 

Southwestern Kansas .... 

Eastern Colorado 

Western Colorado 

Okla., P. T. & N. Mex. .. 

Texas & Louisiana 

Northern Missouri 

Middle Missouri 

So. Missouri & Arkansas* 

Northern California 

So. Calif. & Ariz 

Idaho & W. Montana 




$ 911.87 

$ 3,500 


















































































































































































| 7,484.69 









































































































































|$278,811.841$408,300|131,8351 3,152[ 41,400| 65,119| 12,607] 9,557 

Includes merger of No. 45— First Ark. & S. E. Mo. 

Summary Classification of Comparative Giving 




















$5.00 or more 
$3.49 to $5.00 . 
$1.00 to $3.49 
Under $1.00 .. 




$ 66,803.51 

























Unallocated general and District giving 


|$278,811.84| 100.% | 


The Missionary Visitor 



Giving per Capita by District and General Classification of Giving 


a £ 

U 4J 



u „ 

in <u 
u C 

> c 


U . 

u . 


U - 

bx) c 
m c 
u <u 

















«/3- ' 

Florida and Georgia 

N. & S. Carolina 


Southern Virginia 

First Virginia 

Eastern Virginia 

Second Virginia 

Northern Virginia 

First West Virginia 

Second West Virginia 

Eastern Maryland 

Middle Maryland 

Western Maryland 

S. E. Pa., N. J. & N. Y. . 

Middle Pennsylvania 

Western Pennsylvania 

Eastern Pennsylvania 

Southern Pennsylvania 

Northeastern Ohio 

Northwestern Ohio 

Southern Ohio 


Northern Indiana 

Middle Indiana 

Southern Indiana 

Western Canada 

No. Dak. & E. Mont 

No. 111. & Wis 

Southern Illinois 

No. la., Minn. & So. Dak. 

Middle Iowa 

Southern Iowa 

Nebraska , 

Northeastern Kansas 

Northwestern Kansas 

Southeastern Kansas 

Southwestern Kansas 

Eastern Colorado 

Western Colorado 

Okla., P. Tex. & N. Mex. 

Texas & Louisiana 

Northern Missouri , 

Middle Missouri , 

S. W. Mo. & N. W. Ark. 
First Ark. & S. E. Mo. .., 

Northern California 

So. California & Arizona . . 

Idaho & M. Montana 





















2.76| 2.10 




























Average of entire Brotherhood 

Average necessary to raise Budget 


$2.19 $2.50 

4.78 2.991 3.85 






971 157 



^Includes District No. 45 in merger as Southern Missouri and Arkansas. 


(Continued from Page 215) 
It was not a year marked by an endeavor 
to expand the work. No new out-stations 
were opened and few new villages were 
reached by traveling evangelists. The em- 
phasis was put on developing the work at 
the places already opened. It was felt to 
be unwise to attempt to reach other villages 
until better follow-up work can be done. It 
is urgent now that local congregations be 

organized at some places and local Chris- 
tians trained to take the main responsibility 
for running them. When they are estab- 
lished new work can be started. 

The educational work did not attempt any 
expansion of its activities during the year. 
A few elementary schools, located away 
from the main stations, were closed because 
they were much below standard and lacked 
a sufficient church-supporting constituency 
to justify their continuance. The schools at 



The Missionary Visitor 


the main stations attempted to improve the 
standard of their work. 

The medical work was carried on much 
after the plan of previous years. No epi- 
demic of sickness visited our field during 
the year, nor did the fighting near the 
border of our territory bring many soldiers 
to the hospital. The Chinese armies rely 
much less on mission hospitals now than in 
former years. The medical work served its 
useful purpose by healing the sick of the 
common diseases of mankind. This is cer- 
tainly a work of mercy in a land such as 

In conclusion it may be said that the 
results of the year's work are fairly satis- 
factory, considering the obstacles which had 
to be met. Certainly, not all was accom- 
plished that we should like to have seen 
done ,and probably our failures are more 
painful to the Lord than to us. Let us all 
pray that in future years we may rely more 
full}- on the direction and strength of him 
whose will we are trying to do, and gather 
in greater fruits for the kingdom. 

-J* Jt 


(Continued from Page 238) 

Kansas— $60.50 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Ozawkie 40.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Fredonia, 20.50 

Minnesota — $7.76 
S. S.: Minneapolis, 7.76 

Missouri— $18.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Deepwater, 9.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Oak Grove 9.00 

Cong.: First Omaha, 10.95 

North Carolina— $16.32 
Cong.: Pleasant Grove, 16.32 

Ohio— $62.01 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Zion 25.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: John T. Moll (Constance), 

$5; S. S.: Cincinnati, $32.01 37.01 

Total for the month, $ 400.02 

Totad previously reported 515.34 

Total for the year $ 915.36 


Colorado— $24.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Colorado Springs, $ 24.00 

Idaho— $3.10 

S. S.: Boise Valley 3.10 

North Dakota— $17.61 

Congs. of North Dakota and Eastern Mon- 
tana 17.61 

Total for the month $ 44.71 

Total previously reported, 50.00 

Total for the year, $ 94.71 


California— $100.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. N. E. Welty (Pat- 
terson), $ 100.00 

Colorado— $100.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: B. F. Stauffer (Rocky 

Ford), 100.00 

Maryland— $100.00 

E. Dist.. Cong.: W. B. Yount & Wife 

(Meadow Branch), 100.00 

Ohio— $100.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Martha Minnich Estate 

(Painter Creek) 100.00 

Pennsylvania— $275.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: J. M. Neff (Ephrata), ... 100.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: H. B. Rinehart (Waynes- 
boro), $25; Henry Rinehart (Waynesboro), 
$100; M. E. Sollenberger (Waynesboro), $50, 175.00 

Total for the month, $ 675.00 

Total previously reported, 660.00 

Total for the year, $1,335.00 


(Continued from Page 216) 

ing was found drowned in the compound 
well, the water carriers having left the gate 
to the wall surrounding the well open. 

Mr. Oberholtzer in returning to Liao, with 
others, spent several days in difficult travel- 
ing, and satisfactory food was hard to ob- 
tain. As a result he developed a severe case 
of gastritis, but after two weeks of dieting 
and rest in bed he has recovered. 

A class of advanced pupils in the Girls' 
School is now keeping the school food ac- 
counts as part of its class work. It is also 
busy making the native breads and cakes in 
the Domestic Science Class. 


The number of patients in the hospital 
continues large, even though the busy season 
is now beginning for those living in the 
villages. Mrs. Tu, a patient who recently 
returned to her home, pleased with the re- 
sults of her operation, has received many 
friends and other callers, showing them her 
scar, and telling them the hospital is a good 
place to go. "It is just like a big meeting 
place every day." 

Dr. Coffman and Mr. Ma report over 
250 new patients during the past month, and 
that they were able to persuade five to go 
in to the hospital at Liao. 



Garkida — March 

This month begins a new chapter in the 
story of Jesus at work among our people 
here in Garkida. A young married woman, 
about sixteen years of age, has pledged her 
life and loyalty to Jesus. She has done this 
with a whole-heartedness and conviction 
that seems genuine indeed. Matagi's decision 
has brought much hope and joy, not only to 
the missionaries, but just as much (and 


The Missionary Visitor 


maybe more) to our Christian boys, who 
long for the opportunity to establish Chris- 
tian homes, and who therefore rejoice in 
every step the Bura girls and women take 
towards Jesus Christ. Will you not pray 
for Matagi in her new life? Will you also 
pray that ere long there shall be many Bura 
girls and women to lay hold of their privi- 
lege in Christ? 

Along with Matagi twenty schoolboys and 
one young married man pledged themselves 
to follow their Savior. It makes our hearts 
rejoice to see this marvelous working of 
the Spirit in the lives of the schoolboys. 
Other married men seemed near the king- 
dom, but they find it difficult to break with 
heathen customs by which they have been 
bound so long. May Christ have the victory 
in their hearts and ours. 

The two villages near the mission com- 
pound have followed the good example of 
the Wiaku village, and have built their own 
churchhouses. They were put up entirely 
by their own hands at their expense. May 
God give them the blessing. With these 
shelters women's classes and church services 
can be held under the scorching African sun 
and during the rains. 

These days we occasionally hear distant 
thunder, and a little rain has come to re- 
fresh us. The Bura theory is that the early 
thundering and rains are as a warning for 
the men to reroof their houses and for the 
women to redo the floors of their houses. 
One likes to feel that they give God some 
place in their system of thinking. 

This is the fishing season for the Bura 
women. Almost every day a group of them 
go to the river in the early forenoon and 
return in time to prepare the evening meal. 
We were off to watch them one Saturday 
afternoon. There must have been two hun- 
dred in all, including women, children, and a 
few men and boys. To each net there were 
two women. One woman held a small half 
gourd in one hand for scooping the two 
or three fish out of the net each time. The 
other woman had a gourd, with but a small 
opening, balanced on her head for storing 
the caught fish. Their method of catching 
fish made me think of the devil's method 
of catching folks. First, the fish were en- 
trapped in the large net, then scooped up 
with the half gourd and swung back and 
forth until they were senseless. In this 
helpless condition they were put into the 
gourd with the small opening, without water 
and exposed to the hot sun. It meant sure 
death. The devil first catches his victims 
on some remote issue. He keeps up his 
deception until they are senseless before he 

securely binds them, from which there is no 
way of escape except by the grace of God. 

The doctors with their busy medical and 
building program are finding time to make 
weekly medical tours to three villages north 
and east of Garkida. This reaches a group 
who are not quite sick enough to be carried 
to the hospital and yet may be too sick 
to make the trip to a place about which 
they are a bit suspicious as yet. Many 
vaccinations for smallpox are being done on 
these tours, as well as at the little hospital 
here. There were four more obstetrical 
cases this month. There was one case of 
spinal meningitis for which we did not have 
the necessary treatment. We are helpless 
in the face of this disease except by the 
grace of God. May he lay it upon the 
hearts of some of our brothers and sisters in 
America to supply the necessary refrigera- 
tion equipment for preserving the serum 
used in combating this deadly disease. 


(Continued from Page 210) 

" There are already evidences," said Dr. 
Diffendorfer, of the Board of Foreign 
Missions of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
in an address in New York City, " that this 
system is beginning to break up due to the 
fact that men and women in India, who 
under Hinduism are destined to be outcastes 
from India's society, have come to new self- 
respect and through education and personal 
experience of Jesus Christ have come to take 
places of leadership and responsibility in 
India's modern life. It is frankly acknowl- 
edged by India's modern leaders, both Chris- 
tian and non-Christian, that one of the